- Housing breed 10/10
- Suitable for beginner owners 8/10
- Family addiction 10/10
- Friendly with children 2/10
- Good attitude to other dogs 8/10
- Friendliness for strangers 6/10
- Molting intensity 2/10
- Salivation 2/10
- Ease of care 6/10
- General health 8/10
- Tendency to obesity 6/10
- The size 2/10
- Learnability 4/10
- Intelligence 8/10
- Hunting instinct 6/10
- Vocalization 4/10
- Energy 8/10
- The need for physical activity 6/10
- Playfulness 8/10
Affenpincher's ancestors appeared before the beginning of the 17th century, although in reliable documentation this breed is mentioned only at the end of the XIX century. The paintings of Dutch artists in the 15th century depicted small, coarse-haired, bearded dogs, and this, of course, can be one of the ancestors of affinpinscher.
Created in Germany and widely used throughout Central Europe, affinpinchers fished and adapted perfectly for living in stables, shops, farms and houses. They also hunted rats well, for which they were greatly appreciated. Later, when the size of these dogs decreased, some of them fell into the field of vision of the ladies, and became excellent companion dogs.
They may have appeared due to crossbreeding with pugs or smooth-haired German pinschers. Affenpincher dogs also contributed to other breeds, including the Belgian Griffon and the miniature Miniature Schnauzer. You can easily see their relationship, if you pay attention to coarse wool and bearded snouts.
In the city of Munich, this breed was very popular, but was also common in other cities of Germany. They began to formulate the Affenpincher standard in 1902, but the true breed standard was not finalized until 1913.
This standard, translated into English, was adopted by the American Kennel Club, and the breed was officially listed on the AKC in 1936.
Appearance and standard
Affen has a tough coat if not cut. In fact, it is too long for a dog of such a small size. His hair covers his head and neck, forming a mane, and on the back and back it is shorter. The color of the coat is usually black or gray. The affinpincher’s head is domed, with a short muzzle, small ears and dark eyes, and the dog has the expression “monkey” due to the protruding lower lip. Affen's tail is relatively short.
FCI and KC standards state that the coat must be black, but AKC also recognizes gray, silver, red, black with brown and beige colors, other clubs have their own lists of acceptable colors, with black being preferred.
Affenes are generally healthy, but, like all breeds, they can develop certain diseases. Not all representatives of this breed can have these diseases, but it is important to know about them if you are considering affenpinchers. Possible diseases include:
- heart disease
- hip dysplasia: includes abnormal development and / or degenerative joint disease,
- patella slipping syndrome
- oligodontia (congenital absence of certain teeth),
- sebaceous cysts,
- von Willebrand Dian disease: the most common hereditary blood disease in domestic dogs.
Maintenance and care
Affenpincher is an ideal dog for living in an apartment, especially if you have neighbors who do not mind a random bark. Short, quick walks in the yard will be enough for this moderately active dog.
Since this is a small dog, it should be constantly supervised or in a completely enclosed yard. Affenes, without hesitation, can collide with animals, much larger than themselves, which can lead to tragedy.
This breed needs to be trained regularly. Be patient and consistent. It is recommended to use a cage during training. The key to learning affen is always an exciting process, with lots of praise and motivation!
Recommended daily amount: from 0.25 to 0.5 tbsp. dry feed of high quality, divided into two.
NOTE! The amount of food needed varies depending on the size, age, height, metabolism, and level of activity of the pet. It goes without saying that a highly active dog will need more food than a dog that is constantly on the bed. The quality of the dog food also matters - the better the food, the longer it will keep the dog full.
Control the weight of your pet, measure the amount of food and feed the dog 2 times a day, but do not leave the food freely available at all times. If the dog does not have a waist, and the ribs swam with fat - give less food and more exercise.
To maintain the shaggy, but neat appearance of affen, comb it once a week. If tangles appear, they should be carefully untangled with your fingers, and then combed again. There are a large number of different haircuts for this breed that will make your pet beautiful and at the same time easily recognizable. Be patient and persistent in caring for your affen, and you will both be pleased with the results.
Other care needs
Like most small breeds, affens have gum problems. Brush your teeth 2-3 times a week, but better every day. To do this, use a special brush and paste.
It is necessary to trim the claws 1-2 times a month, if they do not grind naturally. If you hear the claws banging while the pet is walking, they are too long and it's time to cut. Short, neatly trimmed claws will keep the dog's legs in good condition and will not scratch you when affen enthusiastically jumps on your hands.
Before you get an affenpincher puppy, think about how much time your new family member will spend on his own. Remember that the puppy requires constant attention. The prevention of “accidents” is very important and once the puppy gets dirty, it will be much harder to teach him the right behavior. For example, a 3 month old puppy will need to empty the bladder every three hours! Before you buy a little affen, ask yourself if you can stick to your schedule and keep an eye on your puppy’s toilet.
Of course, affen puppies are super-cute, but not accustomed to order babies can be extremely tireless destroyers. Even the cutest puppy will destroy shoes, clothes, paper, a TV remote, a telephone, a leash, a dog lounger, carpet, etc. It is known that more vicious puppies gnaw sofas, car seats, shutters, electric cords, door frames. and much more. And when these charming babies have very sharp teeth erupting, they will gnaw at everything, right down to your arms, legs and hair. Needless to say, a little puppy that nibbles everything and a little child will not be good friends! So that the dog does not harm itself and does not allow destructive behavior to become a bad habit, you will need to control every movement of the baby and train him. Do you have time for this?
So, if you decide that you are ready for the appearance of a small and fluffy four-legged pet, you need to contact the nursery, which has official registration. Buying a puppy with your hands or in pet stores is not the best option, since it is unlikely to get a thoroughbred affen. Ask the breeder if the puppy and his parents were examined for genetic diseases, and whether vaccinations necessary for age were made.
The cost of an affenpincher puppy from official breeders starts at $ 500 for home maintenance. If you plan to participate in exhibitions and engage in breeding with affen, you will have to pay a large amount.
On the Internet you can find ads for the sale of affenpincher puppies worth less than $ 300, but be prepared for the fact that when buying such a baby you can face many problems, both with health and behavior.
Detailed description of the breed Affenpincher:
- General form. Not a big, strong, proportionally folded dog, with thick ruffled hair. Sizes. Growth at the withers of males 27-30 cm, females 25 - 27 cm. Head. Round, long hair on the head makes it visually larger. The occipital protuberance is weakly visible; the transition from the forehead to the muzzle is pronounced. The eyes are round, large, symmetrically located, dark brown. The ears are large, semi-permanent, directed strictly forward parallel to each other. Allowed ears are standard, subject to the remaining proportions. Muzzle. Narrow, short, black nose, large, with well-opened nostrils. The lips are tight, black, the bottom is large, expressive, and it gives the muzzle a monkey look. Snack is normal, teeth are tightly clenched, a complete set is 42 teeth. Neck. Dry, without suspension, but wide with pronounced muscles. Body. Compact, strong, free from dampness. The abdomen is slightly tightened, the back is straight, the lower back is moderately rounded, short. The ribs protrude slightly, the chest is wide, does not reach the elbows. Limbs. Straight, strong, metacarpals rounded, fingers closed. The hips are strong, muscular, but without dampness. Joint angles are practically absent. Tail. Long, high set, crescent. The tail length is ideally above the hock. Coat and color. Two-layer, very thick. The undercoat is light, but dense and plentiful. The outer coat is moderately long, stiff. On the tail and chest, the withers are longer than the body. The color is preferably black, say red tan or “gray hair”, pepper and salt, brown, reddish red, gray. The affenpincher puppy is characterized by a poorer coat than an adult. Sexual dimorphism. Pronounced, females are much more compact and “feminine” males.
Affenpincher breed description and FCI standard
- Format: square, short, harmoniously complex.
- Head: small, rounded, set high, proudly holds when walking. The forehead is convex, the transition from the forehead to the muzzle is sharp. It has shaggy, protruding eyebrows that form a “frame” around the eyes.
- Eyes: large, shiny, dark in color, round, convex.
- Muzzle: short, slightly flattened, framed by a mustache and beard. The nose is black.
- Lips: Dry, lower lip protrudes slightly forward.
- Jaws: well closed, lower, slightly protruding forward, without a bite.
- Coat: hard, thick, wire-like, straight or with a break, about 2.5 cm long on the head, withers and back. The undercoat is soft, slightly wavy. The tail and back of the thighs are slightly shorter. In an adult affinpincher, the hair on the neck and chest is longer, forms a “collar”.
- Ears: erect, thin, widely spaced, pointed, sometimes stopping. The hair on them is cut short.
By nature, the affinpincher is a cheerful, inquisitive, good-natured dog who loves communicating with people. This is a very active, stubborn and independent pet. Its owner can easily go with him on any trip, this funny kid loves to participate in all adventures and trips. One interesting detail is inherent in the breed, it turns out affenpinchers by nature - climbers.
These obedient, friendly, and fearless dogs, like to constantly climb somewhere, and climb. It's funny to watch their readiness, protect the owner, they are ready to rush into battle against any opponent, even if he exceeds your pet by several times in size.
Since the affinpincher is ready to attack even the largest enemy, it is not recommended to lower him from the leash during a walk. Hard enough to train, he is stubborn and distracted by everything that happens around him.
Education and training should be started from a very young age. Be patient and resilient to cope with your sweet and funny pet.
Well suited as a family dog, but for those who have too small children, it is better to wait with the acquisition of an affinpincher. He is so small that a child inadvertently can injure him. And the dog, in turn, can bite or scratch the baby, and you will have to constantly monitor them. In older children, he causes delight, constantly surprises everyone around him with his funny grimaces and grimaces. Always ready for the game, or for a long walk.
Affenpincher breed care
In the photo Affenpincher at the time of cutting
Coat: in dogs of this breed is stiff, does not fade, but requires careful care. 2 times a week, comb the pet with a metal comb so that the wool does not fall into tangles. Regular trimming will save your pet from dead hair. Sometimes it is necessary to pluck the hair around the eyes in order to avoid visual impairment.
Bathing: every 10 days with a special shampoo for coarse-haired breeds.
Eyes: regularly inspect, and for the prevention of acidification, wipe 1 time per week with a damp soft cloth dipped in a weak tea brew.
Teeth: it is recommended to brush with a special toothpaste once a week, using a toothbrush or brush on the finger. To prevent tartar, include a slice of fresh tomato in your pet’s diet.
Ears: inspect and wipe the inside of the sink with a damp cloth, it is better not to use cotton buds, so as not to injure the dog.
Claws: cut 1 time per month with a nail clipper for small breeds, smooth the tip with a nail file.
Black affinpincher photo
The small size allows you to keep an affinpincher in a small apartment, and in a country house. Put your pet in the cozy corner, without drafts. The dog should have free access to water and feed.
Be sure to walk 2 times a day, morning and evening. Walking should be active, with elements of training. After the walk, always wash the paws, face and genitals of the dog, from dirt and dust. In winter, make sure that the pet does not lick the snow from its paws, it can be poisoned by the reagent used to sprinkle snow. The Affenpincher is not a problem dog at all, he tolerates travels very well, and the compact size will allow him to take him everywhere, even on long trips.
The basic rule is to provide the dog with the opportunity to warm up, and take with him an adequate supply of water.
If you are an avid traveler, then you just need to buy an affiliate pinscher, and he will definitely make you an excellent company.
Affenpincher can be used for various purposes:
- As a decorative companion dog - the most popular area at present, as a small rodent hunter (on farms). There are cases when affenes successfully hunted small birds. As a guard, thanks to fearlessness and wariness towards others, small monkey-like dogs will cope with such a difficult function.
How to choose a puppy
The main condition when buying a family friend is that the puppy affenpincher must be healthy. The absence of genetic diseases is confirmed by various tests that parents of a puppy must pass before mating. Be sure to examine the photos of the parents and the entire litter, before going for a puppy, obvious defects (humpiness, mark the metacarpals, etc.) are noticeable even in the pictures.
How to choose an affenpincher puppy:
- The ideal age for moving to a new home is from 10 weeks. All the necessary documents (puppy card or pedigree, veterinary passport with notes about deworming and vaccinations) are in the hands of the breeder. Puppies must be strong and healthy. Discharge from eyes, ears, “dandruff”, the presence of fleas, other parasites are unacceptable. Deviations of the psyche of dogs (including parents) are not permissible. Animals should not be intimidated, too timid, or vice versa aggressive.
Important! You can’t buy a dog that is barely a month old. The puppy must go through the first stage of socialization with littermates and mother.
Features of care and maintenance
Like any breed, the content of the affinpincher has a bad side and a good one. On the one hand - this is a small dog that does not require a spacious garden, some special conditions of detention. On the other - a moving dog, which, despite its size, needs activity.
You can keep monkey pinscher in an apartment and a private house. Not suitable for aviary - freezes in winter.
In addition to standard brushing, the affinpincher requires more sophisticated grooming. Caring for your pet and exhibitor exhibits significant differences. Like all "designer" breeds, once every six months they require visits to the groomer's salon.
Affenpincher haircut is not a mandatory procedure. But if the owner wants, the groomer can give any shape to the head or body with the help of a haircut. For hygiene reasons, for aesthetic reasons, affenes owners - short haircuts began to gain popularity with this breed.
Grooming of show dogs is exclusively “hygienic” - they trim the line of the abdomen, give the paws a rounded shape. On the face, the eyes and the nose are framed to emphasize the monkey expression of the muzzle. The rest of the wool on the body trimmed before each exhibition.
To fully care for the hair of a monkey pinscher you need:
- Comb 1 - 2 times a week to avoid the formation of tangle, Trimming at least 2 times a year, 1 time in 3 - 4 months to visit the grooming salon for hygienic haircuts.
Exhibition exhibitors bathe a day before each exhibition. Domestic dogs - as the coat becomes soiled. Without visible impurities, it is not recommended to wash an affinpincher more than 1 time per month.
After hygiene, be sure to completely dry and comb the dog.
Affenes are active dogs in view of their hunting past. For the full development of the skeleton and muscles, they need physical activity. The dog will be grateful for a long walk in the park, fun running around the ball. It should be remembered that this is not a hound or a greyhound, despite a strong constitution - an affinpincher will not run 10 kilometers behind a bicycle.
Physical activity for puppies up to a year must be divided into short periods of 10-15 minutes with a break for rest. After 2 - 3 hours you can go for a walk again. Thus, the baby will not be overloaded, but it will be busy enough so as not to “try on the tooth” with everything that is in the house.
Experienced breeders recommend feeding affenes ready-made industrial feeds. This will save the owner from buying additional vitamin-mineral supplements, gastrointestinal upset, will nullify the risk of food allergies.
When choosing feed you can not save. The health of the dog depends on the quality of food. Recommended feed recommended brands of a class not lower than premium.
Despite the efforts of breeders, the breeding of healthy offspring, the tendency to some diseases in affenpinchers is monitored:
- Due to a snack - problems with teeth, Inflammatory processes of the eyes (most often conjunctivitis), Inadequate physical activity can be problems with joints and ligaments, Disruption of the hormonal background, due to improper functioning of the thyroid gland, Disorders of the heart rhythm and other heart diseases vascular system.
The vaccination schedule is the same for all breeds. The age and strains of viruses can be changed by a veterinarian depending on individual characteristics and geography of residence.
At the age of 8 to 12 weeks, primary immunization is carried out, the standard set of strains includes:
- parvovirus enteritis, leptospirosis, carnivore plague, infectious hepatitis.
Individuals who are completely healthy, without disqualifying defects, have reached the age of 18 months, are allowed to mate. Dogs are ready for insemination all year round. In bitches, sexual hunting takes place twice a year (in some individuals, 1 estrus is permissible per year).
The binding is prescribed on the 9-14th day of oestrus, depending on the individual characteristics of the body. Veterinary clinics offer a service to determine the day of ovulation, for a more accurate date, you can seek help from doctors.
Dogs should be completely healthy, it is recommended that potential parents to prevent worms before mating. You can also take a course of vitamins, especially the female. Immunization, if the time is right, it is better to do it in advance (21 days before the planned mating).
How much do puppies cost?
It is difficult to say for sure how much an affinpincher puppy costs. The price depends on the number of titles of parents and the prestige of the nursery as a whole. The breed is rare, it is not necessary to hope for a symbolic amount.
High-breed puppies cost from 60,000 rubles. Under conditions of co-ownership with the kennel, either a puppy without an exhibition perspective will cost less - about 40,000 rubles.
“Storm Thunderstorm” - that was the distant ancestors of German affenpinchers in the 17th century. Despite its tiny size and, it would seem, the lack of sufficient strength due to the tiny size, this breed has high endurance, high relative strength and. courage.
In ancient times, small affenpincers played the role of tireless guards of stables and even grooms. There are cases when German terriers defended horses and horsemen during a trip against such ill-wishers as wolves and robbers. It is incredibly difficult to fit a picture in your head when a tiny creature by all means repels a hefty and powerful predator.
If you look deeper into the story, affenpinchers were originally bred by Belgian breeders to fight rodents and gained immense popularity in Germany. As you know, in the stables there are a large number of pests, so the German terriers have established themselves as skilled "cleaners". The advantages of this breed can be listed for a very long time, which indicates the versatility of the dog and its versatility in the medieval national economy.
Affenpinchers in those days had larger sizes and an elongated muzzle. Time passed, and breeding work made its changes: the muzzle of German terriers decreased with each generation and was pulled into the head of a spherical shape, massive parameters were replaced by nature with more compact dimensions, and the German affinpincer turned into the creature that it is now: a small dog in the monkey’s body. To date, the outdated configuration of this breed cannot be reproduced, so you have to be content with a modern dwarf monkey with an incredibly active lifestyle and an unbearable character.
The appearance and care of the affinpincher
Through the veins of the affinpincher, the blood of a dwarf miniature schnauzer and a Belgian griffin flows. For this reason, the affinpincher dog resembles the appearance of a miniature schnauzer. On the face, the dog breed affenpincher has an attractive fluffy beard that blends perfectly with the antennae and long eyebrows.
The affenpincher dog breed needs careful care. When referring to wire-haired dogs, the affinpincher should be combed regularly to avoid the appearance of woolen coats. If you do not comb out and trim every year (dog grooming), you may experience vision problems due to hair getting into your eyes, so do not neglect this rule. You will not notice intense molting for your pet.
German terriers, because of their hyperactivity, do not suffer from appetite problems, so they will gladly eat tasty food in large quantities. Therefore, regularly monitor the amount of food your pet consumes, so as not to have problems with overeating, which leads to obesity. He is not picky about food and eats everything that you put him.
Affenpinchers are too jealous, so they need to spend time on games and other entertainment. They are also jealous of their own toys: they do not let anyone close to them and attack those who are trying to take possession of them.
They do not have good fecundity; no more than three puppies are part of one litter; therefore, offspring have to wait a long time, which is not an attractive factor for the prospect of breeding this breed.
Species of dwarf dogs suffer from diseases associated with the musculoskeletal system, and the German affinpincher is no exception to this pattern. The minor disadvantages of the terrier include the tendency to rush at everything that moves, this complicates the walk and the education of a pet belonging to the form of "dog monkeys".
If you want to make yourself a devoted friend who, without thinking about the consequences, will rush at your offender and defend your and your dignity, turn your attention to the German affinpincer - the “stable of thunder”, which needs your attention and does not tolerate competitors.
|Conditions of detention:||In an apartment, in a house without a garden|
|Appointment:||Companion dog, guard dog, rat-dog|
|Wool Length:||On the body, average (2-2.5 cm.), On the head, chest, abdomen and paws - longer (up to 5 cm.)|
|Adult Dog Size:||Height at the withers of males and females - 25-30 cm, weight - 4-6 kg|
|Average life expectancy:||12-14 years old|
|Walk:||Need frequent, long walking with active games|
|The need for physical activity:||The average need for physical activity (walks from 1 to 3 hours per day)|
|Classification of the International Kennel Federation (ICF):||Group 10. Pinschers and Schnauzers, Molossoid breeds, Swiss mountain and cattle dogs, other breeds. Section 1. Pinschers and Schnauzers. No working trial|
|Puppy cost:||30 000 - 100 000 rubles|
Representatives of this breed have a dense muscular physique, despite their small size. The length of the body should be approximately equal to its height, the most square proportions are welcomed by breeders.
The standard spells out the main requirements for the appearance of affenpinchers:
- Head round with a pronounced forehead and short nose bridge. A triangle of regular shape forms between the eyes and the nose.
- Nose wide and short with a black round lobe and nose bridge tapering to it.
- Eyes dark in color, large and round.
- Lower jaw favors. Black lips fit tightly to the jaws. With a closed mouth, teeth and tongue are not visible. On the face grows elongated stiff hair in the form of a small beard.
- Bite like a bulldog dense snack.
- The ears small, set symmetrically, directed slightly forward. They have the shape of a triangle. After a widespread ban on stopping, the IFF allows not only strictly upright ears, but also natural ones with a forward turn.
- Neck straight, short, without folds.
- Torso muscular. The back is flat, slightly rounded in the region of the croup. The chest is quite wide, the stomach is tight.
- Tail in the form of a saber or sickle, covered with thick hair. Docking in most countries is prohibited. The Russian standard allows it: the remaining "stump" 3-5 cm long from the base should be raised.
- Paws even, parallel to each other. They look tight and strong, fingers tightly tightened.
- Wool tough. On the head the cover is longer than on the whole body, the hair grows randomly, which creates similarities with a monkey. The undercoat, like the coat itself, should be black. Other colors are recognized in the USA, but the ICF considers black exclusively acceptable.
Affenpincher dog character: positive and negative
The affinpincher has a peculiar character - a mixture of courage and sensitivity. An affenpincher dog is characterized by curiosity, activity, liveliness of character. She is capable of true devotion and affection for those whom she considers her masters. Not only affenpincher puppies, but also adult dogs resemble a cat with its playfulness and affection.
However, she treats children with caution and hostility, and this must be taken into account. Affenpincher may begin to fight for territory with a child. Also in the house, he does not tolerate the presence of other animals, especially rodents. In rare cases, he can get along with a cat and another dog. This is one of the few disadvantages of this breed of dog.
Owners on a walk need to be alert. The belligerence and fearlessness of the affinpincher can provoke them into conflict with large dogs. Affenpincher always stands up for the owner and his property. Therefore, when walking a dog, it is best to always keep it on a leash.
The training is somewhat difficult due to the fact that the affinpincher is stubborn, quickly loses interest and motivation. However, with sufficient motivation, the dog remembers and performs commands well.
In everyday life, the breed is rather capricious and unpretentious. This is a rare breed that has rare health problems and almost no genetic diseases. Since the dog is agile and inquisitive, special emphasis should be placed on walking. Affenpincher needs daily multiple walks with outdoor games.
The dog sheds a little. Therefore, it is required to carefully monitor and care for the coat. In addition to daily combing, trimming is necessary. If you do not pluck your face regularly, then hair growing at the eyes can impair vision.
Affenpincher is in good health, so trips to the veterinarian will not be so frequent. But there are a number of diseases that are characteristic of this particular breed.
The most common diseases are those that are the result of a pet's moving disposition. That is, dislocations, fractures, injuries, dislocation of the patella. The latter can lead to arthritis, therefore, immediate treatment is required.
For all small dogs, including the affinpincher, the risk of developing Legg-Perthes disease, which affects the musculoskeletal system and can lead to femoral necrosis, is high. The disease manifests itself at 6-9 months of age. Affenpincers also have heart murmurs. But they do not affect the life expectancy of 12-14 years.
Affenpincher is a wonderful companion dog for those who love an active lifestyle and socializing with a dog.
Affenpincher price: how much does it cost to buy a friend
Due to the unstable dollar exchange rate in 2014 - 2016, the prices of affenpincher puppies in rubles have a wide spread. That is, you can buy an affinpincher puppy in Russia for 15-20 thousand rubles, or for 60-80 thousand rubles, depending on the authority of the pedigree, parents' regalia, etc. Affenpincher’s price range in Ukraine can be denoted in 1000 - 2000 dollars.