Hamsters live very little. Hamsters are unpretentious animals, but like all living things they die for several reasons. In the wild, rodents rarely survive to natural death. from old age.
Here they are threatened by predators, epidemics, starvation and natural disasters. At home, a person creates a pet all conditions for him to live a long time.
When purchasing an animal, remember that the moment of his death is inevitable, and death is as natural as birth.
How to understand what is dying
The departure from the life of a domestic rodent sometimes occurs imperceptibly and quietly. Leaving a peppy animal in the evening, the owner finds a cooled and numb body in the morning with no signs of life. However, in many cases, careful attention will allow you to notice deviations from habitual behavior, portending a departure from life.
Death from old age
Hamsters are small animals. The size of their internal organs is appropriate, therefore, a tiny heart, kidneys, stomach wear out quickly, therefore the rodent does not live very long. Situations of stress and improper care do not add health to the animal and shorten its already short century.
An unhealthy appearance of a pet may indicate an approaching death. Signs of impending retirement are:
- hair loss, its unhealthy appearance,
- refusal of food
- increased sleep period,
- violation of the stool
- decreased motor activity.
Hamster ages already in 20-24 months.
If a pet older than a specified age has at least two of these symptoms, then rather after 1-2 weeks he will die of old age.
In addition to natural death in old age, rodents die for other reasons.
Even if kept in a cage, the hamster can eat poisonous substances, The symptoms of fatal poisoning are:
- limb paralysis
- impaired coordination
- rapid breathing
- increase or decrease in temperature.
Rodents rarely experience severe injuries. Traumatic factors may include:
- falling from a height
- pet attack
- awkward pet manipulation.
Injuries that are accompanied by blood loss, fractures of the spine, injuries to the skull and brain become fatal. If, after receiving an injury, the animal is immobilized, makes weak, uniform sounds, it has an involuntary trembling of limbs, then death can occur in the coming hours.
What do babies most often die from? The cause of premature death of a hamster can be a variety of diseases:
- infectious and catarrhal processes,
- metabolic disorders
- diseases of the internal organs.
How do you know if a hamster is possibly dying? A sick rodent:
- loss of appetite
- markedly depressed state
- broken stool
- breathing and heart rate change
- skin condition worsens,
- the cornea of the eyes becomes cloudy
- physical activity changes
- oppression or overexcitation is observed.
Due to its small size, it is very difficult to diagnose the problem in time, many diseases have a lightning fast course. Usually the owner begins to sound the alarm when it is too late to treat the pet.
We should also mention the death of the female and (or) offspring in the process of childbirth.
Dzungarian hamsters: description, photo
Unusual animals in natural conditions are common in Khakassia, Western Siberia and the Eastern Caucasus. They live in semi-deserts and dry steppes. With a weight of 35 to 65 g the growth of the hamster can reach 10 cm . Dzhungariki differ:
- not very long hair with significant white spots,
- almost white belly
- a sufficiently distinct border between the color of the abdomen and back,
- grayish in summer and almost white in winter,
- a very short tail, which you can’t see when the animal is sitting,
- a dark stripe on the back,
- feet covered in hair.
Dzungarian hamsters have several species, which differ in the color of the skin. They can be brown, white or light gray . Some species of rodents do not have stripes on the back, while others, on the contrary, have stripes.
The front legs of cute animals are very similar to arms. When they eat, they keep food. Dzhungariki are practically odorless, which makes them ideal for keeping in apartments.
The behavior of Dzungarian hamsters at home
Rodents are especially popular with nature’s thrift, which works under any conditions. In nature, they stock up on food for the winter, collecting seeds for this purpose in their cheek bags. A hamster released in the house will start running around the room and collecting all kinds of small things, even if it is not edible. Behind his cheeks you can find small objects or even pieces of soap and thread.
Dzungariki very friendly and love to play with children and sleep in their arms. They just love to be stroked. Hamsters like to sleep at night and day, and at dusk they become very active. In order for the animal to maintain its shape, a wheel must be placed in the cage, along which the rodent will be happy to run.
Dzungarian hamsters are very clean and constantly clean their hair. But washing them with water is not recommended. If the hamster's coat needs to be cleaned, you can use sand, but in no case water.
From the Syrian hamster Dzhungariki differ in non-standard behavior . They can be aggressive, therefore it is not recommended to keep two individuals in one cage. Since each of the rodents likes to own its own territory, they can simply hurt each other. If you buy a Jungar hamster for a child, then you should not forget that he can be aggressive and injure the baby. With this little animal you need to be very careful.
Since this type of hamster is single in nature, only one rodent can be kept in the house. The opinion that two hamsters in one cage will not be so sadly wrong. Each animal will require a separate home. Therefore, if you are not going to breed hamsters, then it is best to purchase one individual.
Many are interested how to determine the sex of a rodent . If the seller cannot help in this matter, then you can do the following:
- Put the hamster back in the palm of your hand, while holding the upper body with your thumbs.
- In this position, you can easily see the back of the animal. And if he has at least one centimeter between his genitals and anus and has formed iron in the center of his tummy, then you have a male in front of you.
- In females, the distance between the genitals and anus is very small, and no gland is visible. Females also differ in two rows of papillae.
To accurately determine that the hamster proposed to you is a Dzungarian, you just need to look at its back, where there must be a gray strip.
Features of the content of Dzungarian hamsters
First of all, for the pet you need to prepare the cage. For the normal functioning of the animal and increase its lifespan, it must have approximate dimensions are 50x30 cm . The purchased cell must be filled. For this you need:
Pet shops offer rodent cage equipment various sections, ladders, tunnels that are purchased at the request of the owner.
A cage with a hamster should not stand in a draft and the sun, next to a battery or a noisy object like a TV.
Caring for a rodent is quite easy, since it carries out all hygiene procedures itself. With the help of paws and tongue, the pet thoroughly cleans its body.Even in burrows in which Dzungarian hamsters live in nature, they manage to stay clean. This property was also transmitted at the genetic level to domesticated animals. They will not spoil where they have to, but will choose one corner for the latrine. This behavior of the rodent makes it very easy to care for him.
When caring for hamsters, keep in mind that in winter, dzhungariki molt . Gray blotches disappear on their skin, and it turns white, with only one stripe on its back. The duration of molting depends on the longitude of daylight hours. If its duration is short, then the hamster changes color within six weeks.
The easiest feeding option for the Dzungarian hamster is special feed mixtures purchased at the pet store. They include corn, seeds, oats, peas, nuts.
From natural products, you can feed rodents with fruits and dried fruits, corn, zucchini, carrots, plantain, lettuce. Of fruits, pets should not be given only citrus fruits. They will be happy to enjoy bananas, apricots, peaches, apples.
Since in the diet of the dzungariks protein must be included , twice a week they need to give boiled eggs, boiled chicken, low-fat cottage cheese. You can add to the diet of earthworms, dried gammarus, boiled shrimp.
When feeding a hamster, it is necessary to carefully monitor what he hides in his pantry. There should be no perishable food, otherwise the rodent may have digestive problems.
Breeding Dzungarian hamsters
If you have several hamsters and they are kept separately, then the female must be planted in the male during the estrus period. It is characterized by the fact that the female arches her back and raises her tail. Such actions mean that she is ready for mating. This period is repeated every five days.
Those who are going to breed dzungariks need to know that the female at home can be fertilized all year round, and two to three times a year to produce offspring . Three to nine little hamsters are usually born at a time.
Pregnancy usually lasts from 17 to 21 days. At this time, the female can not be picked up and disturbed. It should be fed with protein feed and provided with napkins with which it will build a nest. Two to three days before giving birth, the wheel and the house should be removed from the cage.
In the early days, blind-born babies are completely defenseless. Only in the second week will their eyes open. A couple of months after birth, Dzungarian hamsters become fully mature.
The Dzungarian hamster, a photo of which can be seen in the article, will become a good friend, both for kids and adults. And since its maintenance and care is very simple, the child will be able to cope with them.
Dzhungariki at home
Even with proper maintenance, systematic care, animals live from 1.5 to 2.5–3 years. However, there are many factors that can accelerate the death of a small pet. And it’s not always possible to understand why hamsters die and how to help your pet. Why do hamsters die? How to understand that the dzhungarik is dying? What to do if a hamster dies?
Main causes of death
If the rodent does not receive due attention from you, if you violate the rules of care and maintenance, the life expectancy of the Dzungarian, Syrian hamsters is significantly reduced. In some cases, the death of the animal may occur at the age of 5-6 months.
Do not forget that hamsters are very delicate, fragile and delicate creatures, and every year it is more difficult for them to withstand the effects of adverse factors. Given the fact that many parents buy hamsters as pets for children, the death of a small friend can cause severe upset or even psychological trauma in the child. Therefore, you need to know why hamsters die, the main causes and signs of their death.
Causes of death of hamsters:
- unbalanced, malnutrition,
- poor quality feed
- non-compliance with the norms of care, violation of the rules of detention,
- frequent stresses
- viral and bacterial diseases, fungal infections,
- adverse microclimate conditions in the room where the pet is kept (temperature, humidity level),
- autoimmune diseases
- heart disease
- age-related changes in the body,
- congenital, chronic pathologies,
- old age.
Female hamsters often die during pregnancy and childbirth due to the fact that during this period the body of small pets becomes as vulnerable as possible to adverse factors. In addition, too early a pregnancy of 3-4 months can destroy your pet.
A great danger to the life of the Dzungariks, Syrians is a long overheat, hypothermia, a sharp change in temperature conditions, high humidity. The state of rodent health is negatively affected by drafts, dampness, and cold. Do not forget that hamsters are heat-loving animals, and low temperatures can cause coma, death. This is especially dangerous for small hamsters.
In the room where the cage with the pet is located, the temperature should be between 22-25 degrees Celsius. Prolonged hypothermia leads to a slowdown, a violation of metabolic processes, contributes to the development of colds, which pose a mortal danger to small animals.
You need to understand that the life expectancy of domestic rodents directly depends on the quality of care.
Hamsters are quite voracious omnivores. They are happy to eat everything that the owner will offer. At the same time, do not forget that diggers are very often noted with jungariks. The intestines of these pets occupy almost 70% of the total weight. Therefore, products from our table (sausages, smoked meats, salted, spicy foods, fatty varieties of hard cheeses) should never be given to hamsters.
Digestive disorders in hamsters, inflammation of the digestive tract can be caused by moldy feed, wet grass, excessive eating of soft foods, and lack of fiber.
Do not treat the rodent with foods that provoke digestive upsets. Blockage, acute inflammation of the digestive tract can cause the early death of a beloved hamster.
Hamsters are very stressed. A rude, disrespectful attitude to the animal, poor sanitation in the cage, a uniform diet, lack of toys, entertainment, an improperly equipped cage, other pets in the house or too aggressive relatives can cause a strong emotional shock that a small pet can simply not stand. Do not forget that stress greatly weaken the body of animals, regardless of their species.
The heart of rodents beats 180 beats per minute, so it wears out quickly.
Severe stresses, fright can provoke cardiac arrest in a small pet. In addition, hamsters can have a stroke. Due to hemorrhage, the rodent paralyzes, but death does not occur immediately.
Diseases and injuries
Recognize that the hamster is dying can be changed behavior. Dzhungarik becomes lethargic, inactive, reluctantly goes into his arms. Perhaps a violation of coordination of movements, muscle cramps. The pet has a dull ruffled coat, a muddy look. Before death, the rodent can completely paralyze. There may be other symptoms that indicate a disease (cough, shortness of breath, vomiting, upset stomach). Moreover, if all the hamsters in the cell die, one of the most likely causes is an acute viral, bacterial infection.
Hamsters often die due to improper treatment. Almost all human medicines are deadly for small rodents. Therefore, do not self-medicate. Consult a veterinarian.Only a ratologist, veterinarian will be able to choose the appropriate therapy for a sick hamster.
Another common cause of death of hamsters is severe injuries, bruises incompatible with life, which the hamster can get due to improper arrangement of the home, in case of escape from the cage and falling from a great height. Inaccurate handling also shortens the life of pets. For example, playing with a pet, a child accidentally can strongly squeeze a hamster or drop it from a height, which will lead to a fracture, which will provoke a spinal injury, internal hemorrhage.
It is also worth noting that when several pets are kept together, they can get injured in fights with relatives. Do not forget that hamsters are territorial animals, and if they contain several jungars in one cage, they will constantly fight. Strong individuals will injure weak relatives. In this case, the pet may receive injuries, injuries, incompatible with life.
In order for the Dzhungar hamster to at least somehow live in your house, he will need a cage (even the smallest aquarium or 3-5 liter can) for living, food (it can be put right at the bottom of the cage) and a drinker. That is, the minimum Spartan set of the dzhungarik looks like this:
For a normal life, it is advisable for a hamster to buy a bigger cage. It would be convenient to feed him from a special feeder. For physical development, buy him a wheel, and for rest a house. It is advisable to put a filler at the bottom of the cage in order to keep the hamster's house clean and soften its fall.
Therefore, the standard list of necessary things for Dzungarian hamsters looks like this:
- Medium Cell
- Drinking bowl
- Cage filler
With this set, the hamster will feel quite comfortable and cozy.
Ideal All Inclusive
If you do not regret money and want to create excellent living conditions for the hamster, then you will need to purchase all of the previous option. But it is advisable to buy a larger cage: a two-story cage with special pipes that replace the underground mink's hamster.
In addition, the dzhungarik will be happy to gnaw a special chalk stone for grinding teeth, in addition to the main feed, eat special sweets, occasionally stroll around the apartment in a special bowl and bathe in a fine sand.
Here is our ideal list of things for keeping a Dzungarian hamster:
- Spacious and comfortable cage
- Feeding trough (preferably divided into two compartments)
- Drinking bowl
- Wheel (necessarily solid or fine mesh),
- Cage filler
- Chalk stone
- Bathing and sand
- Ball for walking
The hamster's cage is his house, which needs regular cleaning. It is necessary to replace the cell floor litter with a clean one and remove the excrement. In addition, hamsters constantly store food in a secluded place where they deteriorate over time. It is impossible to completely clean up damaged stocks, since the hamster will experience serious stress from this, you need to replace his stocks with fresh products.
Dirty litter, rotten foods can cause a hamster to develop a bacterial infection, which very quickly leads to the death of the animal.
Why determine the gender of a hamster
Why do you need to understand how to determine the gender of a hamster? If for you this question is not fundamental, then you can not delve into it. Another thing is if you want to get a female or male.
Unscrupulous sellers can often give false information about the sex in order to quickly sell the “overstated” rodent. They go to tricks, refer to their experience and assure that it is this fluffy that the buyer needs so much. In order not to become a victim of scammers, it will be useful to be able to understand gender differences yourself.
It is also important to distinguish between males and females to those who breed them.By mistake, you can add homosexual animals to each other for mating. Do not want to watch a similar incident? Then hurry to find out how to never run into him.
When you can determine the gender of a hamster
How to learn to determine the sex of a domestic hamster? This can be done according to certain criteria. These include:
- the presence of testes,
- the distance between the genitals (urethra and anus),
- the presence of nipples,
- the presence of a smelling gland on the tummy.
Recognizing that your hamster is a girl or vice versa a boy is much easier in adulthood. Then the sexual characteristics are already clearly visible. But the problem is that you need to determine whether you belong to one sex or another at the age of the hamster up to 3-4 weeks. Just at this time, babies should be resettled in different cages: in one - male hamsters, in the other - girls. If you are late with this matter or erroneously divide the offspring, then you can allow closely related crosses.
Even if you do not plan to breed animals, but want to get only one individual, then knowing its gender is also important. You or your children will probably want to give a name to their new little friend. It will be extremely ridiculous if an adult hamster turns out to be not a Ponochka girl at all, but Vasya in the prime of his life.
How to properly prepare a hamster for inspection
Before proceeding to an examination to determine the gender, you need to know how to properly conduct it. To do this, perform the following algorithm of actions:
- gently take the baby in the hand so that his body is in the ring of the index and thumb,
- with your second hand, if necessary, carefully support the back of the crumbs,
- make sure that the bottom of the hamster hangs from his hand,
- as quickly as possible, inspect, take a photo and lower the animal into place.
Under no circumstances should you turn the animal on its back or take it by the scruff of its neck. With these actions you can harm him and hurt him. To avoid falling, you can see the floor above the bed or with a soft terry towel. Do this when the rodent is in a calm position. The optimal time is right after sleep, when the baby is relaxed. So you prevent aggression and reduce the risk of injury from sharp teeth.
Sex needs to be determined promptly. You can not hesitate. If you do not have time to make out everything, then quickly click on the camera of your phone or camera. Excessive slowness can lead to serious stress in the fur. But you don’t want to scare him, do you?
How to determine the sex of an adult hamster
Dealing with the determination of sex in an adult pet is much easier than in a baby. At the age of 35-40 days, the animal’s organs are already well formed and developed. An adult Syrian hamster already weighs about 150 grams, and a dzungarik weighs about 50 grams. External genitalia can be easily seen. Upon examination, pay attention to:
- the presence of a “bald spot” between the anus and the urethra,
- the presence of nipples,
- sizes of animals.
The hamster, which is a male, has a small distance between the anus and the urethra. It is about 1.5 cm and has lush vegetation. If this distance is practically absent, and instead there is a small “bald spot”, then your hamster is a girl.
How to distinguish hamsters of boys from girls: determination of sex in hamsters of babies
Recently born cubs are incredibly cute and funny looking. Moreover, they are very similar to each other. Their paws, ponytails and primary genitals are barely noticeable - it is very difficult to determine their gender. They are difficult not only to distinguish from each other, but also simply to consider to compare. There is an additional “clue” for this case - the odorous gland.
Only boys have it. Located on the stomach in the navel. This place is a small yellow bald spot. With it, the male will soon begin to mark his territory.Accordingly, females do not have such a gland.
Sex determination in girls hamsters
A sure sign that you are buying a female fur is the presence of nipples. If you gently slide your finger across the tummy, then they are clearly palpated in two rows. In boys, nipples are completely absent. They are no more and no less, they simply do not exist. If the seller will convince you of the opposite, feel free to turn around and leave: in front of you is a typical liar.
If the dzhungariki or Syrians are of the same litter, then their age is the same. In this case, it is worth paying attention to the sizes of individuals. The smaller ones are male, the larger ones are female, but this is not an accurate way to determine gender.
How to determine the gender of a boy's hamster
The most reliable way to determine the gender of animal-boys is the presence of testes. They are a bulge of the amygdala, which is located in the perineum. It can be considered at the age of about 40 days. But in some cases, the testes are invisible, and potential owners or breeders mistakenly believe that in front of them are little "ladies." Why are the testes not always visible? There may be several reasons:
- early age (sexual characteristics in babies are barely distinguishable)
- underdeveloped genitals,
- lack of testes lowering into the scrotum (rare cases).
Only an experienced professional with a veterinary education can understand such issues. Since if the testicles do not fall for a long time, but remain in the abdominal cavity, it makes sense to talk about a disease such as cryptorchidism.
How can you determine the sex of a Syrian hamster and dzhungarika?
Determining the gender of the hamster is much easier if it is Syrian. Dwarf hamsters (dzhungariki) are miniature individuals that are 2-3 times smaller in size and weight than their Syrian counterparts. Since the Syrians are larger, it will be much easier to consider the testes, odorous gland and nipples.
Dzungarian hamsters are smaller. They fit easily in the palm of your hand and resemble mice. In summer, their coat acquires a brown hue with a strip on the back, and in winter a light ash color. If you can’t determine their gender yourself, you can contact your veterinarian. Or just wait a couple of weeks when the rodent organs are better formed.
Minor signs for gender recognition
How else can you determine the gender? The above symptoms are considered the most common and basic. But besides them there are also secondary “signals”, which are worth paying attention to.
- The shape of the back. If you hold the hamster on the back, you will notice certain differences. In males, it is pointed and slightly elevated at the tail. In females, the backs are smooth and wider.
- Testes with pressure. If it was not possible to visually examine the testes, then you can try to gently push the area around them. Usually they begin to manifest outward. A similar thing happens in boys. Girls have no testes, and of course there is nothing to manifest.
Sex determination by behavior and size
Another important reason why you need to learn how to determine the gender of hamsters is their nature. Individuals of the same sex do not get along well with each other. They can fight, show aggression and constantly feel discomfort.
Trying to find out who is in front of you can be based on behavior.
- Hamsters girls are more active.
- Boys sleep a lot and get along better with people.
- Girls love to play a lot and often.
- Males are more furry and long-haired.
Remember that these signs are not reliable for determining sex. It is important to consider the nature of the animal. If in most cases the males are calm and non-conflict, this does not mean that you cannot be caught by a real activist and restless gamer.
And finally. Do not forget that your search with a predilection for an animal is a short, but still a shock.To calm him, relieve irritation and stress, treat the baby with something tasty and stroke the back.
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- Loss of shine and blurred eyes. Sometimes - the formation of a whitish film on the eyeball.
- Weight reduction animal.
- Loss of shine and loss of individual hairs.
- Formation of problems with the departure of natural needs.
- Appearance of difficulties with breathing, obsessive cough, sneezing, profuse discharge from the nose.
- Loss of limb functionality, difficulty in moving.
- Prolonged absence of traces of bowel movements in the tray and on the litter in the cell.
- The formation on the skin of bruises, bruises and abrasions, even from minor physical influences.
- Lack of visible reactions to external stimuli.
- Clearly visible pulsation of the abdomen of the animal, not coinciding with the respiratory rate.
Traditional cage with bars
This option is good because the hamster will be able to actively exercise, climbing the rods. He will also be provided with a comfortable temperature and constant fresh air.
The main disadvantages are the noise that the pet will make in it at night, and dirt. Be prepared for the fact that while running and playing, the hamster will spread the filler throughout the entire surrounding cage floor.
Also, the cage is not suitable for those who have other pets. A cat or dog can easily get to the dzhungarik through the bars.
Many readers ask: “Is it possible to keep a jungar in an aquarium?”. We answer: “It is possible. But there are also disadvantages to this option. ”
In the case of an aquarium, the night noise of a pet will practically not bother you. But there are a lot of minuses: the difficulty of cleaning, the difficult flow of fresh air and the lack of exercise.
Be sure to get your pet a small house. In it, he will be able to sleep, rest and hide, which will make his life much more comfortable. It is worth giving preference to a wooden house. They are less durable than plastic, but it is harmless to bite them.
Some hamsters live with pleasure in hanging houses. They are perfect if the cell is small or heavily crowded.
There are also thatched houses. It will not be suitable as the main home. But if you are looking for something to pamper the dzungarika, think about such an acquisition.
When can you save
Timely treatment will help save the life of a pet. The hamster is assisted by:
- with small wounds and injuries,
- with treatable diseases
- with mild poisoning.
To do this, you first need to contact a rodent specialist.
In the case when traumatic injuries are diagnosed, the pet is provided with peace, its mobility is limited, and the doctor's appointments are performed.
Wound surfaces are carefully but thoroughly treated with aseptic agents.
In the early stages of the disease, a timely diagnosis will help save the rodent. and fulfilling a doctor’s prescription.
If you know the substance or poison that caused the poisoning, then you need to independently and with the help of a specialist select and give an antidote or a reverse drug. A plentiful drink, water, chamomile broth can also be given with a syringe until the signs of poisoning disappear.
Careful care, proper feeding, keeping in a dry and moderately warm room will speed up the healing process and extend the life of the pet.
In what cases it is impossible to help
If the pet is old, then it is impossible to save him from natural death. Inhibition mechanisms of all vital functions related to age will inevitably cause the death of a pet.
It is also impossible to help a relatively young animal:
- with severe poisoning, especially rat poison,
- with oncological diseases,
- with injuries incompatible with life,
- under extreme stress.
What to do when you can’t help a dying rodent
If the hamster does not show signs of life, except breathing, then you can leave it alone in the familiar cage until it is completely extinct.
How do hamsters behave before they die soon? When the animal groans, wheezing, then most likely it experiences severe physical pain. In this case, you need to decide on the euthanasia of the pet.
The euthanasia of a sick animal, doomed to death, is a choice between painless and quick death and slow painful dying.
Veterinary clinics provide euthanasia services. The procedure goes through in two main stages. First, the animal is injected into a deep sleep under anesthesia, after which the specialist introduces a medicine that stops the heart.
At the request of the owner, the rodent body will be disposed of.
The basis of the diet of the dzhungarik should be:
- dry food designed specifically for Dzungarian hamsters,
- nuts (except almonds) and seeds,
- dried fruits,
- seedlings of grains
- seedless berries (grapes are allowed in small quantities),
- Fresh fruits and vegetables
- non-starchy vegetables, cooked without salt,
- fresh herbs, lettuce leaves,
- leaves and dried twigs of deciduous and fruit trees,
- rose petals (purchased at a flower shop are not suitable, as they were treated with pesticides),
- carob fruits and homemade crackers as a treat.
Protein component of the menu (several times a week in small quantities):
- boiled chicken,
- low-fat boiled fish,
- natural yogurt, kefir and cottage cheese,
- boiled egg white.
As food for sick, thin or pregnant hamsters, you can use baby food without salt and sugar, cereals cooked in water.
With constipation, you can give a drop of vegetable oil, and with diarrhea sticky rice will help.
What you can not give dzhungarik
List of prohibited products:
- spices, sugar and salt,
- ice cream,
- cookies, chocolate,
- garlic and onion,
- fruit bones,
- milk, cream, sour cream,
- sausages, sausages,
- coniferous branches.
The unpleasant smell of the cell will not bother you if you regularly clean it once every 1-1.5 weeks. Put the hamster in the carrier. Remove the dirty filler, leaving a small amount (so the hamster will feel more comfortable), and fall asleep fresh. Once a month, carry out wet cleaning by washing the bottom of the cage with water and laundry soap.
Never wash your hamster in the water! If you notice that the pet's fur coat has fallen off and does not shine, arrange a sand bath for him. To do this, purchase a special bathing suit (a three-liter jar is also suitable) and sand for chinchillas. Pour some sand into the bathhouse and run the jungar into it. Soon you will watch him floundering in the sand and brush his skin.
As you can see, caring for the dzhungars is not very difficult. Clean the cage regularly, provide your hamster with access to water and fresh food, and, of course, play with him regularly. These simple measures will provide your pet a joyful and healthy life!
When a hamster cares for a body, starting with its hind and front legs and fur, it means that it feels safe and happy. When the hamster yawns and stretches, it means that he feels peaceful.
The hamster stands at full height on its hind legs, pricked up ears. This means that he is listening to something that has captured his attention.
Dwarf hamsters have odorous glands that are located in the middle of the body, on the stomach. Syrian hamsters have odorous glands on their sides, that is, on their hips. Hamsters often rub against objects, leaving their smell. The smell of glands is used to label its territory.
When a hamster squeaks, it means that he is afraid or excited. This usually happens during the first days of your stay in a new setting.This behavior is normal and stops after the tame hamster. Dwarf hamsters squeak during the game, trying to achieve superiority, or when they really fight.
This sound means that the hamster is annoyed and wants to be left alone. It may also be a warning of an upcoming bite.
Hissing is the loudest sound hamsters make. Basically, this occurs when the body is bent, the mouth is wide open, the teeth are visible, the front legs are raised. This means that the hamster is very upset and scared.
Does the hamster bite the bars? This means that he wants to get your attention. This usually happens in the evening or at night. In order for the hamster to stop biting the bars of the cage, let it run from the cage. Keep an eye on the hamster so that he does not get injured. Give him something to chew on. If you put toilet paper or an empty toilet paper roll between the cage bars that the hamster chews on, it will play and gnaw the toilet paper, not the bars. The hamster needs time to become tame. If the hamster nips you, it means that he wants to return to the cage.
If the hamster escapes
Close all windows and doors, put food and vegetables for the hamster on the floor. Be extremely careful when you move around the house, as you may not notice the hamster and injure him. If the hamster is hungry, he will certainly go for food.
Inspect all the possible places where he can hide: under the bed, under the dresser, behind the bidet in the bathroom, behind the cabinets.
You can also put an open cage on the floor. If the hamster sees the cage, he will enter it. Or you can use the bucket. Put a bucket with a small amount of food and vegetables with a stand for the hamster, on which he can climb up.
When the hamster reaches the top, he will smell food, fall into a bucket and will not be able to get out of it. True, he can be injured when falling into a bucket. Do not forget to bucket for a soft fit.
Training a hamster in using the toilet
Can a hamster learn how to use a toilet? Yes it is! To get started, buy a hamster toilet tray or fit a suitable hamster toilet object and place it in the place that he prefers. Put urine-soaked paper and a little litter on the bottom of the toilet tray. When the hamster is not sleeping, put it in the toilet tray so that he can understand what is inside. Natural instinct will do its job. Tell him where to go to the toilet. Most hamsters can easily be taught to use a special toilet tray.
Hamsters are clean animals that tend to relieve themselves in the same place, usually in the corner of the cage.
How to choose the correct tray? Triangle-shaped trays fit perfectly into the corner of the cage. Trays are also in the shape of a rectangle.
You can also use a glass toilet tray that defies your hamster’s teeth. The great thing about a glass tray is that you will need a 500 ml wide-necked jar or a 250 ml jam jar for a dwarf hamster. Put a jar in the corner of the cage and that's it! The toilet for the hamster is ready! It is easy to clean, it cannot be chewed, and it will serve your hamster for life. Just make sure the toilet jar is spacious enough for your hamster.
In pet stores you can complete with a small trash bag and dustpan.
Hamsters are not picky about food; they gladly absorb everything that their owners offer. But the stomach of these rodents is weak and you can feed your pet only with authorized products, the list of which includes grain mixtures (sold at the pet store specifically for rodents), fresh fruits and vegetables, green food, animal products (eggs, cottage cheese, boiled meat) in small quantities, insects.
- Fatty, fried, salty, sour food.
- Exotic fruits.
- Stale products.
- Onion garlic.
From eating these products, a hamster can develop diarrhea, bloating, constipation and many other troubles, including death.
Hamsters often die from a heart attack caused by severe stress. To avoid this, the owner must provide the pet with a comfortable existence, without harsh sounds near the cage, without violating the hamster's daily routine. Dogs and cats need to block access to the cage, otherwise they can scare the rodent, which can also cause death. Noisy electrical appliances can also bring a hamster to death.
Stuffiness and drafts
The rodent cage should be away from open drafts and direct sunlight. The ideal temperature for keeping a hamster is 20-22 degrees Celsius.
Colds and hypothermia can occur from drafts in hamsters, from direct sunlight - general overheating, heat and sunstroke, heart attack, stroke.
There are a lot of reasons why hamsters die. Often there are situations when rodents eat something inedible and die from an obstruction of the intestine (therefore it is not necessary to place a plastic house in the cage), there are also frequent cases when pets gnawed wires and were shocked.
Common causes include severe pregnancy and childbirth in females.
A healthy hamster has a thick, shiny coat. If the animal is sick with something, then its fur dims, thins, may fall out in shreds. If you pull the skin of a healthy hamster in the area of the shoulder blades, then it will quickly take its former position. If this does not happen, then the rodent is clearly sick.
With a regular examination of the skin of the pet, one can detect abscesses and tumors, which can be signs of infectious or oncological diseases.
With intestinal infections and problems with the gastrointestinal tract, the animal often begins diarrhea, due to which the hair under the tail is constantly wet.
Examination of the eyes and face of the animal helps to identify colds, inflammation of the cheek pouches and other ailments. A sick animal may have cloudy eyes.
It is important to accurately determine that the hamster is dead, and not hibernated or numb. To do this, take a small mirror and bring it close to the nose of the animal. If traces of fogging appear on the mirror, the animal is still alive. Taking a tiny creature in your hands, you can determine the temperature of his body and whether there is a pulse.
The numbness of his body may also indicate the death of the animal.
After the death of the hamster, it is important to sanitize well all the accessories that stood in its cage, as well as the cage itself. If you are going to start another hamster, it is important to completely kill the smell of the past owner. It is necessary to determine the cause of the death of the pet in order to avoid fatal mistakes in the future.
If you take responsibility and start a hamster, you must provide him with comfortable living conditions. Do not forget: your pet is just a page from your life for you, but for you it is a whole life. Take care and love your pet so you don’t regret anything when the time for parting comes.
The death of a pet, regardless of its weight and size, is always very unpleasant and tragic for most family members. As for the hamsters, then they have it most often sudden. Yesterday, the animal was active, ran along the cage or training wheel, and today the owner finds it without signs of life. So why do hamsters die?
To alleviate the suffering of a small animal in the last days of its existence, try to make them as comfortable as possible for it.
- If the house or nest is on the upper floors of the cage, move it to the bottom. Remove the wheel, ladders and other game equipment from the cage so that the pet does not fall from them and is not injured.
- If there are still hamsters in the cage, then jail them. It is better not to touch a sick animal, so as not to cause him unnecessary stress.
- Try to feed him these days only with what he really loved.
- No matter how strong your desire to caress and feel sorry for your pet, do not give in to him.Sick animals love loneliness.
If the hamster completely refused food, do not try to force-feed him through a syringe or pipette.
By doing this, you only harm him.
Sometimes an animal dies suddenly. Just a little heart worn out and stopped working. The main thing here is to understand that your guilt is not there. You provided your beloved pet with everything you need - food, care, your love. You gave him warmth and affection, you tried to make his life as comfortable and enjoyable as possible. It is just his time.
Try to immediately disassemble and wash the cage after a dead pet. Take it away from your eyes, so as not to once again remember the loss. If possible, it is better to throw out old feeders, houses, nests. Especially if the hamster died there. They are not so expensive, it will be better to purchase new ones later.
Feed the homeless animals. Especially if you have left food - feed them birds.
Try to spend less time at home, often walk on the street, go to visit friends and relatives.
Do not review videos and photos with your favorite pet at first. So the pain of loss will be even brighter!
If there is a small child in the house, then tell him the whole truth. Say the animal is dead. The child needs to learn how to deal with negative emotions.
Just do it calmly. Give the baby the opportunity to cry. Do not offer him to immediately buy a replacement. He lost his friend. It is impossible to forget immediately. Give me time.
If old age is the cause, then you won’t do anything. It is necessary to put up with the loss and provide the pet with decent last days. Or to bring to the clinic so that he would be put to sleep painlessly, this will ease his suffering.
Another thing is if a young individual dies. Here you need to urgently save. Take him to a veterinary clinic so that he can be helped there as soon as possible. Most likely, he can still be helped, if, of course, this is not a stroke.
Everything is simple here. He shows no signs of life. The heart stopped beating and there was no breathing. Check how he reacts to external stimuli. If there is no sign that he still has life left, the hamster is dead.
There is no universal way that would help for all the reasons that could provoke the onset of death.
Nevertheless, it is necessary to be guided in how critical one or another state is in that case, if the state is reversible.
How to bring a hamster back to life
It’s not so easy to wake Sonya
If for some reason the owners nevertheless decided to allow the state of the rodent to become numb, but now they would like to bring it back to life, the hamster should be woken up carefully. So, for example, a sharp temperature drop can cause irreversible changes in his body. Therefore, you can try to warm a cold hamster first in the hands, and then wrapped in a warm cloth.
If the state of the hamster is not a dream, but death, attempts to warm it will be futile.
Hamster hibernation video
Today we talked about the numbness and hibernation of hamsters, about why domestic hamsters still hibernate and how to wake up their rodent. We hope that our article will be useful to you.
Also share with our readers your experience in keeping hamsters.
What a hamster can die from
A variety of causes can lead to the death of hamsters, ranging from accidents on a walk or an improper diet to severe cancerous tumors.
This reason is perhaps the most common of those that lead to the death of any animals kept in captivity. In the wild, hamsters tend to choose for their own food only those products that are likely to benefit their body, while at home they quite often allow themselves to feast on various foods that are not normally part of their natural diet.
Most often, this begins to happen after the owner of a small animal himself treats him with some wrong feed.
In order to avoid health problems associated with the wrong menu, you should first study the lists of allowed (and even necessary) and forbidden products for the hamster.
You can also purchase ready-made food for rodents in pet stores, then the pet will be provided with the necessary complex of nutrients.
The size of the cage and the material from which it is made, the presence of food and clean water, the possibility of grinding teeth, regular sanitary and hygienic measures - all this is of great importance for the life and health of the hamster. If you forget to fill the feeders and drinking bowls on time and clean the tray, then you can significantly reduce the life of a small pet.
It is also possible that the owners are very attentive to the issue of caring for the pet, but do not know some important rule. For example, they do not understand that a hamster cannot be kept in a territory that is too limited in size, it is undesirable to put two males in one cage, as well as a male and pregnant or recently given birth females.
Very often, owners, especially children, forget that hamsters should not be disturbed during sleep.
Drafts and stuffiness
Hamsters react very gently to any change in weather and temperature conditions, which is why they should in no case be placed near windows and doorways. Comfortable temperature for the normal life of these animals is 15 ... 20 ° C. In addition, excess sunlight can not only lead to overheating and subsequent death of the animal, but also spoil its daily routine, which also negatively affects health.
Pregnancy and childbirth
Pregnancy itself is very rarely a process that leads to death, but in the process of birth, hamsters die much more often. But during pregnancy they are very susceptible to a variety of infectious and viral diseases, flu, various concomitant gynecological diseases, which are often the cause of death of females.
Childbirth can be complicated as a result of the inappropriate degree of development of the female reproductive system, her cubs being too large, various complications in the form of bleeding, ruptures, fractures of the pelvic bones, etc. In order to avoid the possible death of pets as a result of pregnancy and childbirth, it is recommended first of all to select the healthiest and strongest potential parents for the breeding process. The age of all hamsters entering the reproductive period is rather low and amounts to only 1–1.5 months for a female and 2-3 months for a male.
To increase the likelihood of successful completion of the breeding process, experienced hamsters recommend using only females who have reached the age of 4 months and males from 6 months old to breed.
Sometimes dead cubs are born. Sometimes the following can happen during childbirth:
- giving birth to a female
- newborn puppies die,
- both mother and newborns die.
The main reason for the death of the female in childbirth is too early pregnancy. In this case, labor is weak, the fruits that die inside the uterus decompose and the animal dies.
The process is fleeting. Sometimes the female manages to give birth to several quite lively and strong hamsters, and then dies. In this case, the owner is faced with the question of what to do with the offspring. If there is no experience and the ability to feed the offspring every 2 hours with a special milk mixture, warm it, then it is more reasonable to euthanize newborns. Otherwise, any inaccuracy in care will cause illness and death of pets.
The birth of dead cubs or their death in the first minutes of life and the subsequent death of the female indicate not only pathological births, but also a disease.
During or after a fight
Hamsters are fighting very cruelly.In the wild, hamsters live alone, therefore, at home they will protect their home from brethren.
In this case, rodent fights end in death.
It’s almost impossible to save the animal from lacerated bite wounds, if the fight occurred at night, then most likely in the morning a dead animal will be found in the cage.
A pet hamster may die amid general health. The causes of sudden death are heart attacks or strokes. Such violations are associated with the work of blood vessels and the heart, they are quite typical for these rodents. Sudden cardiac arrest can be the result of severe fright, for example, caused by an unexpected cat attack.
Death from longing
By nature, hamsters are single. During the breeding season, they do not form social groups, and the female spends only a few hours with the male. If, after mating, the partner does not leave on time, then he may become a victim of the female, which in these animals can be larger and stronger. Therefore, it is not worth attributing human feelings and emotions to a rodent, they are not able to die of longing, if it is removed from the cage, there is food and water.
How to bury
The most reasonable and correct thing is to give the body to the clinic, where it will be disposed of in accordance with all sanitary standards. The service is paid, but not very expensive.
Even if you were very attached to the pet, do not turn the flowerbed near the entrance into a cemetery for domestic rodents. Most likely, the burial will be broken by cats or dogs.
It is better to bury a pet not in the yard, but away from crowded places. If, nevertheless, it is decided to betray the body, it is better to do it in a vacant lot, on the outskirts of the forest or in the corner of a summer cottage.
The pet is wrapped in cloth or put in a small box. If death occurred in the winter, you will have to spend a bit of energy digging a hole.
The hole should be 30 to 40 cm deep. After the makeshift grave is covered with earth, the soil must be well compacted.
How to survive the loss
Children often grieve at loss. In order for the grief to stop tormenting them, it is advisable to go to the pet store the next weekend and buy a new pet there. Although in this regard, the decision is made individually.
The death of a living creature is inevitable, therefore, assuming the responsibility of caring for, keeping the hamster, remember that you will have to face the departure of the pet from life. But if you adequately kept the rodent, were an attentive host, then these thoughts will comfort you at the time of your pet's death.
Stroke, heart attack
The frequency of development of these pathologies in hamsters directly depends on their diet, age and vital activity.
The old age of the pet, reduced vitality, as well as a diet saturated with a large number of various fats, including cholesterol. It is especially important to control the level of cholesterol, since it affects the degree of development of atherosclerosis in the vessels, which is the reason for the occurrence of such conditions.
Care for an animal that has undergone one of these conditions should be as thorough as possible, it must be given as much attention as possible and try to brighten up the entire remaining short period of its life.
Old age is perhaps the most commonplace cause of death. On average, the life span of these domestic animals varies from 3 to 4 years, but a pet that has crossed the mark of 2.5 years of life is already considered to be elderly. Many of the systems of his body, most likely, have thoroughly worn out and require serious medical support.
Is it possible to save a pet
The deceased hamster can be buried on his own in his own land or in the courtyard of an apartment building or in a park, but not in a flower bed or in the front garden, but in a place that is unlikely to be dug up.
A little consolation is that for these animals there is no need to dig a deep hole, it will be enough depth in one bayonet shovel.
There are also special agencies providing a full range of funeral services for pets. They have special cemeteries where pets can be buried, they can perform cremation, and they are also ready to take upon themselves all the necessary difficulties that may arise during the funeral.
These services are undoubtedly quite expensive, but if you would like to be able to visit your pet's grave from time to time, this is the best option available.
In conclusion: carefully monitor the health status of your wards, provide them with the best care and living conditions, treat them with love, and then they will certainly please you with their presence in your house much longer.
Hamsters are very cute and funny pets that can bring the owner a lot of pleasant minutes from talking with them. However, the lifespan of these small rodents is short: on average, at home, hamsters live up to 3 years. If improper care is provided for them, even less can survive.
The fact is that these animals are very fragile creatures. With each passing year, it is becoming increasingly difficult for them to cope with ailments and carry out body regeneration processes. In addition, the heart of hamsters beats too fast for such a tender creature: the number of beats per minute is 180. And this is an excessive load that accelerates the wear of this important organ.
Hamsters gobble up almost any food that their owners treat. Animals have no separation between good and bad, wholesome and unhealthy food. The owners of the animal must monitor the quality of the feed. The result of gastric disorders can often be not only bloating and diarrhea, but also the death of the pet.
Hamsters are prone to ailments such as strokes. The seriousness of this disease is also proved by the fact that animals, as a rule, do not die immediately. Paralyzed animals can continue to exist for some time. The owner’s task in this case is to ensure maximum comfort for the doomed pet.
Heart failure is just as common on a list of possible causes of hamster death. Both an adult and a very young animal can die, for example, as a result of unexpected stress.
The optimum temperature in the room where the small rodent resides is about 22 degrees. The dwelling of the animal can not be placed near drafts and in direct sunlight, fatal to the health of the animal. It is also necessary to provide pets with good ventilation.
Pregnant females are the most susceptible category of animals to ailments. First births are very difficult. And if there is no way to alleviate the suffering of the giving birth to a female, then at least the owner can protect too young individuals from premature pregnancy. Mating animals is recommended when they reach four months of age.
Hamsters have a rather fragile physique, so you should take them in your hands very carefully. When releasing a pet for a walk, it is important to ensure that the animal does not fall from a height and does not hurt itself. Injuries are very common causes of the death of these animals.
It is necessary not only to properly feed your rodent, but also to provide proper care for it. It is necessary to regularly change the litter in the animal's dwelling, as well as daily excrement. Since hamsters are unusually thrifty creatures, before the onset of cold weather they lay food “for later”.
Hamsters are susceptible to a variety of diseases and infestations. Younger individuals are more likely to cope with ailments, while older individuals are much more likely to die from a particular disease.
Many owners of rodents understand that numbness at home is not necessary, and it is better to avoid it, since waking up a hamster is quite difficult, they try to create the most comfortable conditions for him so that he does not fall asleep. But, the rodent is still numb. Why is this happening?
Veterinarians say that factors such as:
- Lack of light - reducing the duration of daylight hours, keeping a hamster in a darkened room can cause the hamster to hibernate.
- Weight loss - if the hamster is ill and eats poorly, his weight loss is 25% of his body weight, the body can temporarily “turn off” the rodent to allow him to recover. So that,
Usually Dzungarian hamsters live up to three years, but there have been documented cases when animals survived to four. The duration of their life directly depends on the quality of care. But genetics also play a big role, and if a hamster often had serious illnesses in its family, then you should not count on a long friendship. Of course, collecting a detailed history will not work, but you can plan to purchase a pet in a good professional nursery.
All animals die of old age, and a cure for this does not exist in nature. And, if your dzhungarik is aging, you can mentally prepare for the sad situation in advance.
- the animal gradually loses weight
- the coat becomes dull and pale
- the gleam in the eyes disappears
- the hamster is less likely to play with new objects and hardly runs in the wheel,
- he begins to eat less and practically does not make stocks,
- often on the head the hair partially falls out, forming bald spots,
- the animal moves slowly and very carefully.
Of course, even an experienced veterinarian will not be able to find out that the hamster is dying of old age, and when exactly this will happen, but any owner can make his retirement life easier by surrounding him with trembling care and affection.
How to help a hamster if he dies? If a pet dies of old age or an incurable disease, you can not help. You can only ease the torment of the poor. But if the trouble happened with a young healthy animal, do not waste time, contact your veterinarian. Describe the symptoms so that it’s easier for the doctor to make a diagnosis and follow his instructions. You may still be able to save the pet. The faster you seek qualified help, the more chances you have to extend the life of the rodent.
After death, you must bury the hamster. In large cities, there are special cemeteries for animals, as well as cremation services. Comprehensive information can be obtained from the veterinary service.
There are also unofficial animal cemeteries.
We do not recommend burying a pet in a park or on a lawn. An impromptu grave is being excavated by street dogs. In addition, it is prohibited by law.
The best option is to bury a pet in the forest or at the cottage. A dead hamster fits in a small cardboard box. On top of the grave can be laid out with stones, plant flowers.
It is more difficult to bury a hamster in the winter. Experienced people advise clearing the place of snow and pour boiling water on the ground or make a fire. When the ground thaws a little, dig a grave. If this is not possible, consult your veterinarian. He knows exactly how to bury animals in your city.
Syrian, Dzungarian and hamsters of any breed in their short life manage to win the hearts of their owners. This is especially true for children. The death of a pet is a heavy loss for the whole family. Do not deceive the child and do not blame anyone for what happened. Talk with the child, help survive the loss, try to distract from sad thoughts, recalling interesting moments from the life of a little friend.
After the death of a pet, there are several options for burial. You can go to the veterinary service and find out about the cremation of a rodent. They can also give information about the presence in the city of animal cemeteries.
If in your city there is no such service, then it is worth finding out about unofficial animal cemeteries, where the owners bury their little friends on their own and for free. To bury the animal in the nearest park or on the lawn near the house is not the best option. Such graves are torn by stray dogs; moreover, this is prohibited by law for sanitary reasons.
Many owners make graves for deceased pets in the forest or in the far corner of their summer cottage. The last option is the most optimal. If a child will participate in the burial, then you can use a small box as an impromptu coffin, and mark the place of burial with brought stones and plant flowers. On the territory of your garden, wild or stray animals will not reach the grave.
The cage and toys remaining after the hamster must be thoroughly disinfected. The decision to acquire a new pet after loss should be made by the child.
This moment may come unexpectedly. If your hamster suddenly died, do not rush to bury it. Often in social networks you can stumble upon stories about how a dead hamster came to life. This is not mysticism, and the reason is understandable: hamsters have the ability to hibernate, which could be mistaken for the death of an animal.
Under inappropriate conditions, low room temperature or lack of food, the hamster can temporarily slow down the vital processes in his body. His breathing and palpitations slow down so that they become almost invisible.
What to do if a hamster dies? If the hamster lies motionless and does not show signs of life, you must carefully observe him. The hamster, which is in hibernation, breathes, albeit very slowly, and this can be seen with the naked eye. You should feel the hamster - if it is already numb, the conclusion is disappointing.
If the hamster is soft to the touch, it’s worth trying to feel its heartbeat. It should be borne in mind that the hamster’s hibernation does not last long, and if after a couple of days your pet did not wake up, then, unfortunately, it should be recognized as dead. In any case, if you have any doubts about the death of the hamster, you should take it to the veterinarian so that the doctor makes a final conclusion.
Animal burial places
If you have a country house with a small plot, it is better to make a grave somewhere there. Just pick a place where you will not plant anything. You can do this in your flower bed. Only the pit should be deep enough not to accidentally dig an animal during the autumn-spring field work. You can do this under the tree.
If there is no suburban area, then a small animal, such as a hamster, can be buried not far from the house. For example, in the front garden (only if it is not ennobled at you and decorative flowers do not grow there). Also, for these purposes, beams, planting, small wild parks are suitable.
Just remember, digging a grave under the trees is pretty hard. There are many thick roots and they will interfere.
The grave itself should be deep enough (minimum 40-50 cm) so that stray animals (cats, dogs) could not tear it apart.
The grave should be in a place where there is a minimum number of people and pets.
The loss of a pet is a difficult period of time in the life of each owner. In addition to the pain of loss, a sense of doubt and guilt overcomes - was everything done right? Could tragedy be prevented? It is important to remember that no matter how much we love our animals, no matter how well we take care of them, they will leave us anyway. Leaving in return bright and pleasant memories, as well as a piece of his love.
We must listen to the breathing of a tiny animal - wheezing, gurgling, sniffling indicate lung problems. If there has been a recent discharge from the nose as well, it could be pneumonia (pneumonia).The animal simply has nothing to breathe, so he tries not to move and freezes in one place.
The treatment consists of antibiotic therapy - for small rodents, Baytril 2.5% is traditionally used in a dose of 0.4 ml per 1 kg of mass (for a jungarik weighing 50 grams, this is 0.01 ml). Injections are given subcutaneously 1 time per day for 10-14 days.
If the hamster lies motionless with his eyes open and breathing heavily, and before that he was ill for several days, then he dies. A rodent cannot be helped in agony, even an experienced veterinarian can only stop suffering by the beast.
Remember if there was (a sign of diarrhea) sudden or sudden weight loss. The metabolism of hamsters is very fast, so they can’t get sick for a long time: without proper treatment or in case of serious problems they “burn out” in a few days.
Decorative hamsters have fragile health, and yet the animal can live its entire short life without getting sick. To do this, you just need to observe simple ones. In case of unforeseen circumstances, you need to find out in advance where to run to the reception with a rodent - general practitioners will not be able to provide qualified assistance. And do not despair if the hamster lies and does not move, but breathes: perhaps not everything is lost.
The hamster lies motionless: reasons
Causes of death from poor-quality care
Hamsters, by their very nature, are prone to many diseases, and in order not to start a particular disease, the owner must constantly carefully monitor the pet. If distinctive changes appear in the behavior of the dzhungarik, it is urgent to consult a doctor.
Dzungarian hamsters often get colds with infectious diseases. When they often begin to sneeze, cough, apathy and anxiety appear, you need to sound the alarm and urgently begin treatment. And very often, domestic hamsters die, because owners begin to treat them on their own.
Also, hamsters often suffer from tumors that will soon kill the animal.
But before diagnosing cancer, you should make sure that a small seal is not a banal injury. You can prevent the growth of tumors in a simple way - do not feed your pet with purchased chips, crackers, sausage and other products that contain dangerous ingredients. Maybe, in the case of humans, these products do not bring visible damage to health, but it is necessary to take into account the size of the hamster.
Also important symptoms are indigestion, lethargy, drowsiness, shortness of breath. In any case, the animal must be shown to the doctor in order not to spoil the hamster's immunity, thereby prolonging his life.
It happens that dzhungariki die for completely different reasons. Accident also takes place in the life of small animals. For example, a foreign object may fall on it and crush it, or it may just escape. Also, the hamster can get out of the cage and, following instincts, gnaw everything, from which the intestines can become clogged, after which the animal will die. The greatest danger is represented by wires and electrical appliances that can cause electric shock.
We can distinguish the main causes of death of hamsters:
- Poor conditions.
- Poor and improper nutrition.
- Diseases and untimely treatment by a veterinarian.
- Old age.
First, we will figure out how to properly keep a hamster, because poor conditions can lead to death.
If you want to arrange ideal living conditions for your pet, you should not seek advice from pet sellers and consultants. Often these people do not have a specialized education and are interested in helping out as much money as possible for goods, even if in the end they can cost your pet life.
To maintain a hamster’s health, it’s important to choose the right cage. A tall cage is dangerous because hamsters love to climb rods under the roof and fall from there, seriously injuring themselves.
The cage should be spacious. Minimum bottom dimensions:
- for dwarf species - 50 * 30 cm,
- for Syrian hamsters - 60 * 40 cm.
The minimum size means that it is desirable to take a cell along the bottom more, but not less.
Equally important is the running wheel of the correct size:
- for a dwarf hamster, the wheel diameter is from 16 cm,
- for a Syrian hamster - from 18 cm.
You should not take two hamsters with the motivation "so that one is not bored." Hamsters are territorial animals. It is likely that in one day instead of two getting along pets you will see a bloody massacre with a fatal outcome. This applies to heterosexual and same-sex hamsters.
Do not engage in uncontrolled breeding of hamsters. Pregnancy seriously reduces the life of a female, and in some cases can lead to the death of her and her babies. Hamsters are famous for the fact that they can eat their offspring.
Hamsters can not be bathed in water. They need special sand for swimming.
In the windows of pet stores a large variety of food for rodents. However, despite the labels on the labels, not all of them are equally useful. Cheap feeds are not suitable for hamsters - they are usually of poor quality, improperly balanced, do not contain all the necessary substances and vitamins. Cases were recorded when poison was found in the feed for rodents, which caused the death of pets.
For normal life, hamsters need a balanced dry food. It should include cereals, plant seeds, herbs and flowers, as well as protein supplements in the form of dried insects.
It is important to give hamsters the permitted vegetables and fruits. You can feed hamsters with cucumber, zucchini, broccoli, cauliflower, lettuce, turnips, radishes. Types of hamsters that do not have a predisposition to diabetes can be given pumpkin, carrots, fruits and dried fruits.
It is forbidden to give onions, white cabbage, sorrel.
How to care for an old hamster
Due to the short life span, even at the age of two, a hamster can be considered old. You need to be prepared that hamsters' old age is accompanied by many diseases, and the elderly hamster needs special care. It is important to know how hamsters die of old age.
In older hamsters, vision usually deteriorates, and they become blind. The hair falls off, the teeth fall out, and the hamster can no longer gnaw dry food. Failures of the extremities and the appearance of tumors are possible. The hamster becomes less active, sleeps more often.
Elderly hamsters need to be fed boiled cereals, give baby food. Do not drag the old hamster in your arms - you need to provide him with maximum comfort and peace.
How to understand that a hamster is dying:
- The hamster has become less active and is constantly sleeping in the house.
- Eats nothing.
- Coat fell and eyes turned sour.
- Visible discharge from jaws or nose.
- Hamster pissing for himself.
- Loose stool.