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The Seven Commandments for Eating Dogs

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Of course, the choice of a specific diet and nutrition options depends on a lot: the dog’s breed, its size, weight, health, living conditions, lifestyle ... However, there is a certain set of rules for feeding dogs that applies to all pets. These rules seem obvious, but many dog ​​owners do not follow them, and feed the animals “as necessary”, without providing the pet with everything necessary. And this undermines the overall immunity of the dog, its health and can lead to adverse consequences. You need to feed the dog correctly, from puppyhood, and then in the future you will avoid many problems.

Dog nutrition and their diet have been studied quite a bit by dog ​​handlers recently (partly because this area has become a profitable business). And in our time, dog handlers were able to come to about the same conclusions and decisions about feeding dogs.

Dog Feeding

Meal time is one of the most enjoyable and important moments in a dog’s life. This is due to vital instincts, and the development of conditioned reflexes (they still remember Pavlov’s dog), and a certain hormonal background that exists before and during meals.

> Dog food should not stand all day. It is important to feed the dog regimenically, at the same time, and then clean the bowl.

> Feed your dog after a walk. Digestion of food in dogs lasts at least 6-7 hours. And at this time it is better not to physically load it.

> Do not let the dog eat anything between feedings. Do not let her “bite”, and do not toss from her table. It's hard to resist a sad, pleading look, but it is possible! In addition, this is a matter of education. After some time, the dog will stop begging.

The correct diet, the importance of the composition and quantity of the dog’s food

Since the dog cannot itself choose the right and balanced menu, its owner must do this. As we have already said, there is no single standard and universal option for any dog, but you can cope with the main points. By the way, dogs also have their own individual tastes and preferences, although the issue with training solves a lot.

> Remember that the dog is a predator! And the basis of her diet should be 40-50% meat (the percentage is more accurately determined individually).

> From the first day a puppy appears in your house, or better, before it appears, decide whether you will feed the dog dry food. The choice of dry food should be once and for all, and if you choose this option for your dog’s nutrition, the amount of regular food should not exceed 20-30% of the total amount of food consumed by the dog.

> If you choose dry food, do not be lazy to consult a veterinarian about the suitability of this food for your dog. And also about whether it is balanced enough, or whether it is necessary to give the dog additional mineral substances. We do not recommend saving on dry feed and choosing cheap options (by the way, “untwisted” and advertising is also not a decisive factor at all!)

> Comprehensive balanced ready-made feeds are not only in dry or canned form!

> “Dry” food should also provide the daily requirement of the dog’s body for the substances necessary for its growth, development and maintenance of quality life: And when feeding the dog with natural products, the need to add additional mineral dressings to the diet is usually higher, because it’s good feed is already balanced.

Important elements in a dog’s diet

  1. Water is a very important nutrient, and its content is different in different feeds (for example, in fresh lean meat about 55% of the water). A bowl of clean fresh water, unlike a bowl of food, should always be in the dog’s access area.
  2. A dog needs proteins rich in nitrogen compounds (they are part of animal products), primarily meat.
  3. The carbohydrates that your dog usually gets in the form of sugars and starch from food.
  4. Fats, in sufficient (but not excessive) amounts, performing an important energy function in the dog’s diet.
  5. Minerals: sodium chloride - 2%, phosphorus - 1%, calcium - 1%, magnesium - 0.5%.

> Keep track of the amount of food the dog consumes. In short, we can say that puppies and young dogs are fed more (relative to their mass) so that they develop normally, while adult and older dogs are slightly overfed to avoid obesity. Of course, it is important to take into account the dog’s lifestyle, its mobility, and working qualities. An adult hunting or service dog that constantly works cannot be overfed (and overfed either). It may seem that it is difficult to correctly calculate the correct amount of feed, but in practice everything will work out. For starters, you can rely on such calculations, and observing your dog.

>Feed rate (how many times a day to feed a dog) also set individually, based on the age, lifestyle and health status of the dog. A healthy dog ​​in his prime is usually fed 2-3 times a day. A small puppy - 4-6 times a day. Older dogs often require more frequent feeding in small portions for the gastrointestinal tract to function properly.

Products that dogs should definitely not eat

  • Bones (none, none at all, not at all!):
    Despite the widespread opinion, and already the folklore juxtaposition of a dog and a bone, no bones - animals, birds, fish - can be given to dogs.
    Even a large “sugar” bone from a soup can lead to bowel obstruction. And hollow, "tubular" bones (for example, from the chicken leg) generally often lead to rupture of the digestive organs. Better buy a mineral or cereal bone from a pet store.
  • Any sweets, sugar, sweeteners:
    All the dangers, like in humans, are also to an increased degree: obesity, tooth decay, often diabetes mellitus or other metabolic disorders. In the case of a sweetener, it leads to a decrease in blood sugar, resulting in vomiting, weakness, loss of strength, and in large doses, liver failure.
  • Chocolate, coffee, tea and everything that contains caffeine:
    In addition to harmful sugar, these products contain theobromine, theophylline and caffeine, which are dangerous for diarrhea, vomiting, and toxic to the nervous system and heart.
  • Broccoli:
    Oddly enough, a fairly toxic product in large quantities. Especially for animals.
  • Alcohol (not at all, no, even the weakest, except in extreme cases - for example, severe poisoning or the danger of infection, but only when you know what and in what doses you are doing):
    Some pet owners give dogs alcohol “for disinfection,” “for prevention,” or “for fun” (which smacks of sadism in general). In addition, in the USSR service dogs relied on a bit of alcohol. to relieve fatigue. This cannot be done. The dog is not a person, they have very few antibodies that decompose alcohol, you can’t calculate quite a bit, and your dog is in a coma, or worse. Fatal dosage depends on the weight of the dog.
  • Many fruits, most berries (berries, by the way, are a variety of fruits), in particular - grapes (and raisins), currants, peaches, plums, persimmons, citrus fruits:
    They contain toxins and acids, which have a very severe effect on canine kidneys and liver. The safest citrus fruits on this list, but dogs, as a rule, cannot stand them, because of the pungent odor. But even they badly affect the stomach and intestines, and also cause allergies.
  • "Human" vitamins and vitamin complexes, in particular with iron content. Medicines for people:
    Danger to the mucous membranes of the stomach and intestines. negative effects on the liver, kidneys and other organs of dogs. Everything is clear with medicines - only as prescribed by a doctor (in the treatment of some diseases of dogs, medicines for people are used.)
  • Mushrooms:
    Again, due to toxins that are harmful to the internal organs and general digestion of dogs.
  • Yeast dough and products from it:
    The fermentation process releases gas, which is dangerous for bloating and even damage to internal organs. Also stands out alcohol, which we already wrote about above.
  • Fat:
    Not any, but, for example, the one that remained after frying the meat. It’s generally not necessary to use the dog as a waste disposal device for your food.
  • Rhubarb:
    Rhubarb leaves contain oxalates, which affect the digestive, urinary, and nervous systems.
  • Nutmeg:
    Very toxic. It affects negatively many organs and muscles.

How can I feed a dog in extremely limited quantities.

  • Salt:
    In its pure form it is impossible at all. Dogs need it in very small doses. For example, if you are preparing food for your dog, you need to put salt there 10 times (!) Less than yourself.
  • Avocado:
    In the avocado itself, as well as in its leaves, seeds and bark, there is a high content of persin, which causes diarrhea, nausea and vomiting. However, in very small quantities, dogs can eat avocados (including as a laxative).
  • Potatoes:
    In large doses - harmful by toxins and excessive amounts of starch. In medium - often leads to diarrhea.
  • Dry or canned cat food:
    It is dangerous with a large amount of proteins, concentrated protein and fats. It is better to try to make sure that the cat food is not accessible to the dog, because it will be there if it gets out - the dogs love cat food very much, because of its aroma.
  • Milk and dairy products (relative to an adult dog):
    Fresh milk in its pure form causes diarrhea, in addition, for an adult dog, it is completely unnecessary and is not useful. Sour-milk products are needed in small quantities.
  • Raw meat - with caution:
    Raw meat may contain salmonella, helminth eggs, E. coli, and other “friends.” At the same time, you can’t keep a dog without raw meat, since it, and even blood, is a source of vitamins and minerals important for a dog. Therefore, the question "is it possible to give a dog raw meat" - the answer is rather positive. However, to minimize possible unpleasant consequences, it is worth giving raw meat to the dog, for example, after freezing (thawed, of course).
  • Fish in any form, in large quantities:
    Of course, giving the dog fish in principle is important and necessary. The main thing is that it does not constitute the main part of the dog’s diet, this leads to a loss of vitamin B, loss of appetite, impaired digestion and urination. Raw river fish is not recommended in principle - this is a source of parasites. Salty - not because of the salt. The ideal option is a “noble” boiled fish without bones.
  • Onion and garlic:
    It is better to avoid at all, or give the dog in small doses (in food). They contain disulfides and sulfoxides that adversely affect red blood cells and contribute to the development of anemia. Oddly enough, the beam is more toxic than garlic.
  • Raw eggs:
    Again, salmonella and toxins, the avidin enzyme, which inhibits the normal absorption of vitamin B, leading to skin and coat problems. Better to avoid at all.

Many pet owners take their dog’s diet lightly. But dogs look at the subtleties of the ration with contempt: “Can't a bone be a dog?” Yes, where is it heard! Earlier, dogs in booths ate only bones and slops - and nothing! ”,“ And how do stray dogs eat in garbage cans? ”
They don’t take into account that, with the right diet, you, firstly, prolong your friend’s life, and secondly, get rid of many diseases that arise in dogs more often, especially with age, and are treated harder than in humans. In addition, the animal organism is prone to self-regulation, that is, a stray dog, eating in the trash, will try to find for itself those substances and elements that its body requires, and domestic dogs are deprived of this opportunity, in addition, they gradually lose their independence in such matters . In addition to the moral and ethical component, and the desire for good to your pet, you get rid of significant expenses of finance and time for his treatment later.

The Seven Commandments for Eating Dogs

Posted by OSCAR / OLVEN on Wed Mar 17, 2010 6:04 am

According to veterinary statistics, it is known that almost all non-communicable diseases of dogs are associated with a violation in the diet of the animal.

Commandment 1. Knowing the needs of dogs for energy, nutrients and biologically active substances, which are the basis of proper nutrition.

Proper nutrition usually refers to the nutrition of dogs strictly according to the norms. At the same time, formed nutrition should be complete, balanced and rational (from the Greek "rationalis" - reasonable).

Commandment 2. When organizing dog nutrition, it is necessary to take into account the characteristics of the composition, properties and nutritional value of specific foods.

For example, the source of food vitamins for dogs is raw liver, the source of high-grade protein is cottage cheese, iron is semolina, nicotinic acid is millet, leytin is buckwheat, etc.

Commandment 3. Eating dogs with a single product, even meat, is unacceptable.

Proper nutrition includes, among other things, nutrition according to diets, because when choosing and a certain ratio of products in the diet, food acquires a new quality that has a positive effect on the absorption of nutrients in the entire diet, and therefore on the health of dogs. Diet should be made from products that match the nature and taste of the juice. Each new food product, including canned food, must be accustomed gradually.

Commandment 4. Strict adherence to the diet of dogs.

The concept of the regime includes the frequency, timeliness and regularity of nutrition at the same hours, as well as the volume and weight distribution of the required diet during the day. By volume, a single serving of food should correspond to the capacity of the digestive canal and the ability of the dog's body to digest and assimilate the nutrients of the feed. Lack of fullness as well as overload of the digestive tract adversely affects the motor and secretory activity of the intestine and the general health of the dog. It is necessary to remember that puppies from 1 to 2 months should be fed 5-6 times a day with an interval of 3-3.5 hours. 2-3 month old puppies are fed 4 times, and starting from 4 months to a year, 3 times. From 6 months of age, the stage of intensive growth begins in puppies. In this regard, the need for animal protein increases sharply, so the diet of dogs aged 6-12 months, depending on the breed, consists of 60-80% of beef or whale meat.

Commandment 5. Avoid overfeeding dogs.

Any overfeeding leads to obesity of the dog, because of which it develops all kinds of diseases of metabolism, heart, kidneys, liver, etc. When overfeeding a particular product, for example, bones and fatty foods, allergic diseases often occur in dogs. In addition, due to systematic overfeeding, the pedigree sign of the exterior beauty of the dog may disappear, which often happens with English toy terriers, Arabian and Persian greyhounds and other breeds.

Commandment 6. Strict adherence to the methods of preparing food for feeding, taking into account the characteristics of the digestive system in dogs.

A dog from a young age must be accustomed to the tradition of thick soup and liquid porridge.

Commandment 7. In case of a disease of the gastrointestinal tract due to improper feeding, the dog should be transferred to a diet. At the same time, do not forget that a specific diet cures a sick dog from a specific disease.

7 commandments for feeding dogs

First commandment. Knowing the needs of dogs for energy, nutrients and biologically active substances, which are the basis of proper nutrition.Proper nutrition usually refers to the nutrition of dogs strictly according to the norms. A formed diet at the same time should be complete, balanced and rational.

Second commandment. When organizing dog nutrition, it is necessary to take into account the characteristics of the composition, properties and nutritional value of specific foods. For example, the source of food vitamins for dogs is raw liver, the source of high-grade protein is cottage cheese, iron is semolina, nicotinic acid is millet, leytin is buckwheat, etc.

Third commandment. Eating dogs with one product, even meat, is absolutely unacceptable. Proper nutrition includes, among other things, nutrition according to diets, because when choosing and a certain ratio of products in the diet, food acquires a new quality that has a positive effect on the absorption of nutrients in the entire diet, and therefore on the health of dogs. Making diets follows from products that are appropriate to nature. Each new food product, including canned food, must be accustomed gradually.

Fourth commandment. Strict adherence to dog feeding. The concept of the regime includes the frequency, timeliness and regularity of nutrition at the same hours, as well as the volume and weight distribution of the required diet during the day. By volume, a single serving of food should correspond to the capacity of the digestive canal and the ability of the dog's body to digest and assimilate the nutrients of the feed. Lack of fullness as well as overload of the digestive tract adversely affects the motor and secretory activity of the intestine and the general health of the dog. In this case, it is necessary to remember that it is necessary to feed puppies from 1 to 2 months 5-6 times a day with an interval of 3-3.5 hours. 2-3 month old puppies are fed 4 times, and starting from 4 months to a year, 3 times. From 6 months of age, the stage of intensive growth begins in puppies. In this regard, the need for animal protein increases sharply, so the diet of dogs aged 6-12 months, depending on the breed, consists of 60-80% of beef or whale meat.

Fifth commandment. Do not overfeed dogs. Any overfeeding leads to obesity of the animal, because of which it develops various kinds of diseases of metabolism, heart, kidneys, liver, etc. When overfeeding a particular product, for example, bones and fatty foods, allergic diseases often occur in dogs. In addition, due to systematic overfeeding, the pedigree sign of the exterior beauty of the dog may disappear, which often happens with English toy terriers, Arabian and Persian greyhounds and other breeds.

Sixth commandment. Strict adherence to the methods of preparing food for feeding, taking into account the characteristics of the digestive system in dogs. A dog from a young age must be accustomed to the tradition of thick soup and liquid porridge.

Seventh commandment. In case of a disease of the gastrointestinal tract due to improper feeding, the dog should be transferred to diet food. At the same time, do not forget that a specific diet cures a sick dog from a specific disease.

Our site about dogs very briefly told you the basic principles of feeding any dog ​​breed that any dog ​​lover needs to know.

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