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Snipe - Common snipe

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Gallinago - Gallinago ... Wikipédia en Français

Gallinago delicata - Gallinago delicata ... Wikipedia

Gallinago - n. A genus of birds consisting of certain of the snipes. Syn: genus , Capella, genus . WordNet 1.5 ... The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

Gallināgo - Gallināgo, so v.w. Heerschnepfe ... Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

Gallināgo - Gallināgo, s. Schnepfe ... Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

Gallinago - Hebr. Kore, 1. Sam. c. 26. v. 20. et Ierem. c. 17. v. 11. a nomine Kora, quod palum acutum notat, e quo fiunt sepes, Graecis οκολόπαξ, Plin. et Mart. l. 13. Epigr. 76. cuius epigraphe rusticula et rustica perdix, Germanis sneppa, et Gallis ... ... Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

Gallinago - Gallinago ... Wikipédia en Français

Gallinago gallinago - Agachadiza común ... Wikipedia Español

Gallinago - Gallinago Agachadiza común (Gallinago gallinago ... Wikipedia Español

Gallinago gallinago - Bekassine Darstellung einer Bekassine (Gallinago gallinago) Systematik Klasse: Vögel (Aves) ... Deutsch Wikipedia

Gallinago gallinago - Bécassine des marais Bécassine des marais ... Wikipédia en Français

Description

Adults 25-27 cm (9.8-10.6 inches) long with 44-47 cm (17-19 inches) wingspan and weighing 80-140 g (2.8-4.9 ounces) (up to 180 g (6.3 ounces) migration). They have short greenish-gray legs and very long (5.5-7 cm (2.2-2.8 inches)) straight dark bill. The body is motley brown in color with straw-yellow stripes above and below the pale. They have a dark streak through the eye, with light streaks above and below it. The wings are pointed.

These are the most common of several similar snipe. It most closely resembles Wilson's snipe ( G. Delicacy ) from North America, which until recently is considered a subspecies - G. Mr. Delicata - common snipe. They differ in the number of tail feathers, with seven pairs per G. gallinago and eight pairs in G. delicata , North American species also have a slightly thinner white trailing edge on the wings (white mostly at the tips of the secondary). Both species breed in the Aleutian Islands. It is also very similar to pin-tailed snipe ( G. stenura ) and Swinhoe's snipe in ( G. MEGALA A) East Asia, the identification of these species exists complex.

There are two subspecies Snipe, G. g. Faeroeensis in Iceland, the Faroe Islands, Shetland and Orkney (wintering in the UK and Ireland), and G. D. Gallinago in the rest of the Old World. Faeroeensis usually more richly tinted on the chest, its top and head than Gallinago .

Ecology

This is a well-camouflaged bird, it is usually shy and hides itself close to the ground vegetation and washes off only when it comes closer. When flared up, they emit a sharp note that sounds like antennae, antennae and fly off in a series of air zigzags to confuse the predator. They feed in soft mud, palpating or picking up food vision. They mainly feed on insects and earthworms, as well as some plant material.

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A man performs a screening display during courtship, flying high in circles, and then taking shallow dives to produce a “drum” sound vibrating his tail feathers. This sound was compared to others on bleating sheep or goats, so in many languages ​​snipe is known by the names denoting “flying goat”, “ram of heaven”, as in Scotland “heather-Byashka” and in the Finnish name taivaanvuohi , "The sky is a goat."

Philip Manson-Bahr attributes the key to the mystery of how the sandpiper makes that unusual hoarse sound, which, unlike other birdsong. It worked that the sound was created by placing two tail feathers at an angle of 90 degrees to the direction of flight. When diving these feathers create this unusual sound. He demonstrated this in front of the British Ornithological Union by inserting two snipe of feathers into a cork, which he then centrifuged around his heads on a string.

the wing shape does not differ from the sedentary and migratory Snipe, suggesting that social selection affects the wing shape considering this type of aerial displays during courtship.

Snipe nest in a well hidden place on earth, laying four eggs of dark olive color, spots and spotted with rich brown, which hatch females for 18-21 days. Freshly picked hatched chicks are covered maroon down, speckled with black, white and naked. Both parents take care of the young, each parent looks through the floor of the brood, from plumage in 10-20 days.

Conservation

In general, this species is not threatening. The population on the southern outskirts of the range in Europe, however, is decreasing with local extinction in some areas (in particular in some areas of England and Germany), mainly due to field drainage and intensification of agriculture.

The Agreement on the Conservation of Afro-Eurasian Migratory Waterbird (AEWA) applies to the species. He was still hunted as a gamebird in most of his range.

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