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Macaw eared

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ara de lafresnaye - raudonkaktė ara statusas T sritis zoologija | vardynas atitikmenys: lot. Ara rubrogenys angl. red fronted macaw vok. Rotohrara, m. Rus. Red-eared Macaw, m pranc. ara de Lafresnaye, m ryšiai: platesnis terminas - tikrosios aros ... Paukščių pavadinimų žodynas

raudonkaktė ara - statusas T sritis zoologija | vardynas atitikmenys: lot. Ara rubrogenys angl. red fronted macaw vok. Rotohrara, m. Rus. Red-eared Macaw, m pranc. ara de Lafresnaye, m ryšiai: platesnis terminas - tikrosios aros ... Paukščių pavadinimų žodynas

red-fronted macaw - raudonkaktė ara statusas T sritis zoologija | vardynas atitikmenys: lot. Ara rubrogenys angl. red fronted macaw vok. Rotohrara, m. Rus. Red-eared Macaw, m pranc. ara de Lafresnaye, m ryšiai: platesnis terminas - tikrosios aros ... Paukščių pavadinimų žodynas

eared macaw - raudonkaktė ara statusas T sritis zoologija | vardynas atitikmenys: lot. Ara rubrogenys angl. red fronted macaw vok. Rotohrara, m. Rus. Red-eared Macaw, m pranc. ara de Lafresnaye, m ryšiai: platesnis terminas - tikrosios aros ... Paukščių pavadinimų žodynas

Lat Ara rubrogenys Red-fronted macaw

The trachea macaw was little known in the world until 1973. Previously, only residents of the valleys of Bolivia knew about it, where this species lived in dry forests.

The plumage of red-eared macaw is mostly olive green. Red are not only ears, but also the entire front half of the head and partially the plumage of the paws. The wings are mostly green with a few small blue stripes, and there is an orange strip on the fold. The inner side of the tail and wings are painted in a light olive-yellow tint.

The cheek area is bare, whitish. The long tail is green with brown, at the end its bright blue feathers. Beak of parrots of this type of dark gray color. The paws are gray, the type of finger arrangement is two in the front, two in the back. The iris is yellow-orange.

In the first months of life, the color of the forehead and the bend of the wings are green, like the parrot itself. Only by the age of 6-12 months molting occurs, and they change color. The periocular ring is flesh-colored in teenage birds, and pink-orange in adult parrots. The male and the female practically do not differ from each other, only the female has a slightly less bright color.

The length of the body of the red-eared macaw is on average 59 cm, weight is about half a kilogram (varies from 420 to 690 g). The wingspan of this bird is 80-87 cm.

Their habitat is the arid region of the foothills of the Cordillera in Bolivia. This bird lives either in pairs or in family groups of up to 80 individuals. They are kept in clefts among rocks or near stunted shrubs and trees.

There are nests. They lay eggs every year, they are hatching exclusively by the female, the hatching time is 25 days. Life expectancy up to 80 years.

This species flies well and develops decent speed. During the day, absent from the nest, returns back in the evening.

The parrot is fed mainly on the ground. The diet of his diet includes various fruits, corn, peanuts, berries. It can also consume larvae and insects.

Today, the Red-eared Macaw is listed in the Red Book. According to some reports, about 3,000 individuals remained in nature, according to other sources, even less - only 250.

«>Trachemys Macaw (lat.Ara rubrogenys) - a bird of the parrot family.

The body length of an adult bird is 55-60 cm, and the wingspan is up to 81-86 cm.

The main plumage of olive color. The forehead, the ear, the bend of the wings are bright red. The hips are a little reddish. Sometimes there are red spots on the chest and abdomen. Feathers are blue. The lower part of the wings is olive yellow. The tail is long, brown-green, with blue feathers at the ends. The iris is yellow-orange. The beak is black. Cheeks are bare, covered with small dark red feathers. Paws are dark gray.

In young birds, the forehead and the bend of the wings are green, after molting (6-12 months) they turn red, a dark brown stripe runs across the beak. The periorbital ring is orange-pink in adult birds, and flesh-colored in adolescents.

The male and the female in the red-eared macaw are colored identically. The voice is musical.

Habitat: Bolivia and Santa Cruz. The habitat area is about 1600 square meters. m. Arid savannah with growing cacti, blackthorn, hawthorn, foothills, cultivated land to an altitude of 1300-3000 m above sea level.

"> They feed on fruits (including cacti), fruits, berries, nuts, grains (corn), insects and their larvae. Trachemy macaw feeds mainly on the ground. They fly to feed on vegetable and corn plantations, which bring certain damage.

Out of season, breeding is kept in family flocks of up to 12 individuals. Active during daylight hours. Early in the morning departs for feeding. During the hot hours of the day, he rests or sleeps on stunted trees, in a bush or in clefts of rocks. In the evening he returns to the places of overnight. It flies well, speeds up to 60 km / h.

Monogamous. For breeding, they pair up and maintain relationships throughout their lives. Propagated every year. The breeding season falls at the beginning of the rainy season: at the end of October. The Red-eared Macaw arranges nests in the crevices of the cliffs (at an altitude of 100 m), at the foot of the rivers. In clutch 1-3 eggs. Only the female incubates eggs. Hatching lasts 24-27 days. Chicks fledge at the age of three months. Usually 1-2 chicks survive. Leave the nest in 100-105 days.


"> Puberty occurs at the age of 3 years. Life expectancy up to 50-80 years.

Rarely, the population at the end of the 20th century numbered less than 3,000 individuals. As of 2001, there were less than 250 individuals in nature. The main reason is the loss of natural habitat (land cultivation, tree felling), capture for sale and shooting, when birds visit the plantations of corn and peanuts. The local population hunts ar because of its feathers and meat.

Protected by the laws of Bolivia (for export and sale). Trafficking macaw is listed in the International Red Book and is mentioned in the CITES Convention, Appendices I and II.

Scientific classification

Kingdom: Animals
Type: Chordates
Subtype: Vertebrates
Class: Birds
Order: Parrots
Family: Parrots
Subfamily: Real Parrots
Genus: Ara
Species: Trachemys

Kingdom: Animals (Animalia).
Type: Chordata (Chordata).
Class: Birds (Aves).
Order: Parrots (Psittaciformes).
Family: Parrots (Psittacidae).
Genus: Ara.
Species: Red-eared Macaw (Ara rubrogenys).

Where does he live

Trachemys macaw is endemic to Bolivia and is found only in the central part of the South American country. The main habitats are located 200 km west of the city of Santa Cruz, in the eponymous department. Ara inhabit the arid valleys of the Cordillera at an altitude of 1300-3000 m above sea level. This area is a wasteland on which various types of cacti and drought-resistant shrubs grow. The climate here is severe, unbearable heat during the day, and very cold at night.

External signs

The trachea macaw is a medium-sized parrot, its weight does not exceed 600 g. Its body length is 60 cm, and its wingspan is just over 80 cm. It has a powerful gray beak adapted to bite hard fruits and nuts, and large black paws. The plumage, like all South American parrot species, is very bright, lemon-green.

Feathers located on the forehead, in the area of ​​the ears and covering the legs, are bright red in color. Extreme wing feathers on the wings are bright blue, some of the feathers located on the lower side, closer to the body, are olive-yellow. The feathers of the tail are brownish green with blue endings. The plumage of females, like young individuals, is more dull than that of adult males. At the base of the beak there is an almost bare patch of skin. The iris is yellow.

Lifestyle

Ara monogamous, as a rule, live in pairs or family groups, the number of which is no more than 30 individuals. Flocks of up to 80 birds are rare. They lead a daily lifestyle, while activity is observed in the morning and evening hours, when birds feed intensively. During the midday heat, they settle on undersized shrubs or in crevices of rocks. Macaws are excellent flyers, in flight they can reach speeds of up to 60 km / h. The basis of their food is a variety of fruits, nuts (mainly peanuts), corn grains, you can often watch them eat insects or get their larvae. Mostly feed on the surface of the earth.

Nests are arranged in the hollows of old trees, and if they are not found, then they move to the crevices of the rocks. One of the conditions for choosing a place for nesting is the presence of a reservoir nearby. The breeding season begins in October, immediately after the end of the rainy season. In a clutch, usually from one to three eggs, one survives before departure, rarely two chicks. Egg incubation lasts about 25 days. In the chicks, the plumage fully grows only by the third month of life, they leave the nest on the 105th day. Macaws become sexually mature only after three years.

You can look at the red-eared macaw in many zoos of the world; it is distinguished by its flexible character and musical voice. Easily tolerates neighborhood with other parrots, if in the aviary there are his favorite fruit trees.

In the Red Book

The attachment of the habitat of the red-eared macaw to the small and specific mountainous territory of the Cordillera has led to the fact that the fate of the species depends entirely on the conservation of these biotopes. Today in the wild no more than 500 breeding pairs of macaws remain, and their number continues to decline steadily. There are enough reasons, but the main ones are the felling of old trees on the territory of macaw nesting and the plowing of the territory for agricultural crops. No less harm is done to them by farmers who often shoot birds flying to feed their peanut and corn plantations. Cases of prey of birds were noted due to their bright plumage, as well as for captive breeding. To save this beautiful view, the Bolivian government takes decisive measures: protected areas have been created, a law has been enacted prohibiting the production of macaws, and a program has been implemented to breed captive parrots.

Trachemys Macaw / Ara rubrogenys

- Class - Birds / Subclass - Newborn / Squadron - Parrots

Study history

Trash-eared Macaw (Latin Ara rubrogenys) is a bird of the parrot family.

Spread

Native of Bolivia and Santa Cruz. The habitat area is about 1600 square meters. m

Appearance

Body length 58-60 cm. The color of the plumage is lemon-olive-green. The bare zone of the head is small, crossed by small black feathers growing in a row. The forehead, the front of the head, the ears and the panties are red. Small hiding wings, wing edge and bend - red-orange. The outer side of the flyworms and their coverts are blue. Tail feathers with blue tips. Paws are gray. The beak is black. The iris is light yellow. In some individuals, red feathers appear on the tummy. Young individuals have a dark iris, less saturated colors, only red ears and forehead.

Breeding

A pair is formed for life. Propagated every year. The Red-eared Macaw arranges nests in the crevices of the cliffs (at an altitude of 100 m), at the foot of the rivers. Only the female incubates eggs.

Nutrition

It feeds on fruits (including cacti), fruits, berries, nuts (peanuts), grain (corn), insects and their larvae. Trachemy macaw feeds mainly on the ground.

Lifestyle

It inhabits the semi-arid valleys of the chains of the Cordillera Real mountains, with xerophytes, blackthorn, hawthorn, cacti, with rare trees, cultivated land to an altitude of 1300-3000 m above sea level. Active during daylight hours. Early in the morning departs for feeding. During hot hours (10-14: 30 h), he rests or sleeps on stunted trees, in a bush or in clefts of rocks. The Red-eared Macaw returns to the overnight places at 18:30. It flies well, speeds up to 60 km / h. Out of season, breeding is kept in family flocks of up to 12 individuals.

Number

These birds were very rare back in the early 70s, but because of their high cost they continued to intensively catch them: in 1979, 125 red-eared arches arrived in the USA. The total population of this species is unknown, but the limited range and initial rarity at such a catch rate put the red-eared macaw on the brink of extinction.

Trachemys macaw and man

The local population hunts ar because of its feathers and meat. Trachemys macaw raids cereal plantations.

Appearance

Body length 58-60 cm. The color of the plumage is lemon-olive-green. The bare zone of the head is small, crossed by small black feathers growing in a row. The forehead, the front of the head, the ears and the panties are red. Small hiding wings, wing edge and bend - red-orange. The outer side of the flyworms and their coverts are blue. Tail feathers with blue tips. Paws are gray. The beak is black. The iris is light yellow. In some individuals, red feathers appear on the tummy. Young individuals have a dark iris, less saturated colors, only red ears and forehead.

Threats and security

Rarely, the population at the end of the 20th century numbered less than 3,000 individuals. The main reason is the loss of natural habitat (land cultivation, tree felling), capture for sale and shooting, when birds visit the plantations of corn and peanuts. Protected by the laws of Bolivia (for export and sale), the Law of the International Market.

Excerpt from the Trachemys

My heart sank sharply. I suffered so much without my sweet girl. She wanted to hug her. But I was not in a hurry to rejoice. I knew Karaffa. She knew that by the slightest change in his mood, he could very easily cancel everything. Therefore, having mentally gathered myself and trying not to rely too much on the “bright” promise of the Pope, I decided to immediately take advantage of the permission and visit the papal library that once shocked me ...
Having wandered a bit in the familiar corridors, I nevertheless quickly found the right door and, clicking on a small elegant lever, got into the same huge room, clogged with books and scrolls to the ceiling. Everything here looked exactly as before - as if nobody had ever bothered themselves, using such a wondrous fount of alien wisdom ... Although I knew for sure that Caraffa carefully studied every, even the most ordinary-looking book, every manuscript that got into this amazing book treasury ...
Not hoping to quickly find the material that interests me in this chaos, I tuned in with my favorite method of “blind looking” (I think that was what they used to call scanning) and immediately saw the right corner, where the manuscripts lay in whole stacks ... Thick and univalent, inconspicuous and embroidered with gold threads, they lay, as if inviting to look into them, to plunge into that wonderful and unfamiliar, mystical world of Qatar, about which I knew almost nothing ... but which unconditionally attracted me even now, when there was a fear over me and Anna th trouble, and there was no hope for salvation.
My attention was attracted by a plain book, read out, stitched with coarse threads, looking faded and lonely among many thick books and gilded scrolls ... Looking at the cover, I was surprised to see letters that were unfamiliar to me, although I could read in very many languages ​​known at that time. This made me even more interested. Carefully taking the book in my hands and looking around, I sat down on the window-sill, free of books, and, tuning in to an unfamiliar handwriting, I began to “look” ...
Words lined up unusually, but it was so amazingly warm from them, as if the book really spoke to me ... I heard a soft, affectionate, very tired female voice that tried to tell me its story ...

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