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Animal vaccination

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Ferret vaccination at VetOK Veterinary Clinic.

Ferret vaccination is the only way to prevent diseases such as carnivore plague, leptospirosis and rabies. Inoculate ferrets is necessary for all, without exception, even if your pet never leaves the apartment, because the infection in the house can be brought on clothes and shoes!

Ferret preparing for vaccination

Vaccination of young ferrets should be started at the appropriate age (2-3 months), after a complete change of teeth in the puppy. Until a certain time, maternal antibodies are preserved in the animal’s body, which small ferrets receive with their mother’s milk. The antibodies that the puppy received from the mother create a kind of immunity, which prevents the creation of specific antibodies for the introduction of a vaccine preparation. Therefore, during this period, it is better not to vaccinate.

Vaccination of ferrets must be carried out after deworming, therefore, before going to the veterinarian, it is necessary to give the ferret a drug against helminitis for 10-14 days. Ferrets are best suited for kittens and puppies. Helminths and their metabolic products (toxins) weaken the animal’s body, "distract" the immune system from the main task during the vaccination period - the production of specific antibodies. Also, before vaccination it is necessary to conduct a full examination of the ferret, since only a healthy animal can be vaccinated!

When ferrets cannot be vaccinated:

  • Ferrets should not be vaccinated until a complete change of teeth
  • Do not vaccinate sick ferrets
  • Pregnant ferrets should not be vaccinated
  • Do not vaccinate ferrets after surgery
  • Ferrets should not be vaccinated after childbirth
  • It is impossible to vaccinate after application of specific serums
  • You can not vaccinate in the presence of helminths in the body of an animal
  • You can not vaccinate immediately after the use of anthelmintic drugs. (You need to wait about 10 days)
  • Cannot be vaccinated with unexplained weight loss.
  • You can not vaccinate after the use of immunosuppressants
  • Do not carry out surgery within two weeks after vaccination.

Annual:

1 year and older - annually against carnivore plague, leptospirosis and anti-rabies. (Nobivac DHPPI + Lepto + Rabies vaccine)

If you got a ferret that is not known whether he was vaccinated or not, then you need to assume that the ferret is not vaccinated and give him all the necessary vaccinations.

What is included in the ferret vaccination?

  • ferret inspection by veterinarian
  • antihistamine therapy
  • vaccine administration
  • observation after

For all questions about vaccination of ferrets, contact tel: +7 (495) 3500753

At what age should ferrets be vaccinated?

Ferrets are vaccinated starting at 2 months of age. Revaccination is carried out according to the instructions for the use of vaccines. After a year, ferrets are inoculated once every 12 months throughout their lives. Ferrets are vaccinated against rabies from 3 months of age. Rabies vaccination is required! It is advisable to chip the animal before vaccination. This will allow identification of the pet if necessary.

What is vaccination?

Vaccination is a preventive measure against infectious diseases, consisting in the fact that the causative agent of the disease is introduced into a living organism in a weakened or killed form in order to cause a stable response (immune) response of the body. As a result, if the animal, in this case, the ferret will come into contact with the source of infection (another sick animal) or the transmission factors (for example, you can bring the pathogen along with the shoes) - his body will be ready and “recognize” the pathogen, as it were, and therefore, it will react and stop the infection process faster.

It is important to know that immunity to vaccine administration is developed 2 weeks after the vaccine is administered, therefore, this ferret should be kept in quarantine.

How to prepare a ferret for the vaccination procedure

The main thing to remember is that only clinically healthy animals are allowed to vaccinate. Also, 10 days before vaccination, it is advisable to carry out deworming (treatment from worms) - what is noted in the appropriate section of the animal’s passport with the date and name of the anthelmintic. If after giving the anthelmintic drug in the feces, worms appeared, and maybe some changes in color and consistency, mucus, blood, this can indicate a strong invasion (lining) of the ferret and repeated giving of the anthelmintic drug is required. Only after normalization of the animal is vaccination permissible. And females should not be vaccinated during estrus (rutting).

Immediately prior to vaccination, the ferret is given an antihistamine to prevent immediate or delayed hypersensitivity (allergies).

How to prepare a ferret for vaccination?

10-14 days before vaccination, it is necessary to deworm and make sure that the animal does not have skin parasites (fleas, lice-eaters, etc.).
It is better to vaccinate a ferret in a clinic where, after the introduction of the vaccine, the veterinarian will monitor the reaction of the animal and, if necessary, can provide qualified assistance in case of an allergic reaction. For this, after vaccination, it is advisable to stay in the clinic for 30-60 minutes.

After vaccination, as in the case of dogs and cats, it is necessary to protect the animal from stress, drafts, do not take water procedures, do not take it outside and do not change the diet for 5-7 days.

Very often, owners of cats believe that once a ferret has been instilled, it means that he can communicate with anyone and will not get sick. But this is not so. Vaccination is a preventive measure, but even it does not give a 100% guarantee that the animal will not get sick. Therefore, try as far as possible to exclude communication with possibly or really sick animals.
Veterinary Center of Dr. Bazylevsky A.A. has a special permit (License) for vaccination of animals, especially equipment for storing biological products, strict control over the quality of vaccines, the conditions for their transportation. For vaccination in veterinary clinics there are hotel rooms in which special sanitary and veterinary measures are observed. All this guarantees the quality of the services provided and their safety for our smaller brothers.

Ferret vaccination rules

Only healthy animals are subject to vaccination. At the age of two months, the baby needs to be treated for worms. With confirmed helminthic invasion, treatment is best done twice. In 7-10 days after deworming, vaccination can be carried out.

Before vaccination and during the entire vaccination period, the ferret should avoid contact with the outside world and other animals to reduce the risk of infection.

Vaccination is contraindicated for any signs of malaise, with increased physiological stress (pregnancy, lactation, estrus).

Ferrets are susceptible to only three major infectious diseases - plague, leptospirosis, and rabies. But in most cases, it is necessary to introduce complex vaccines containing a larger number of ingredients. Since Russia does not have specialized vaccines for ferrets (such as Purevax Ferret Distemper from Merial), in practice multicomponent vaccines Nobivac and Eurican are used. It is not recommended to use domestic vaccines for vaccination of ferrets.

Ferret vaccination regimens

  • in most cases, vaccination begins at 2.5-3 months of age. For the first injection, NobivacDHPP + L is used. After 3-4 weeks, the full complex of NobivacDHPP + RL is administered. Eurican vaccines are similarly immunized. Drugs are administered subcutaneously between the shoulder blades or in the neck.
  • at high risk of infection it is permissible to start vaccinations at an earlier age (1.5-2 months) with the NobivacPuppy vaccine followed by vaccination as usual.
  • adult animals are vaccinated once a year with a full complex of vaccines annually
  • an adult ferret with an unknown vaccination history is vaccinated twice, then annually.

Ferret vaccine precautions

Ferrets are prone to allergic reactions to vaccines, so it is recommended that after the administration of the drug wait in the lobby of the clinic for 20-30 minutes. When threatening symptoms appear, adrenaline and antihistamines are administered to the animal.

Within 10 days after the introduction of the vaccine, it is recommended to avoid contact, stress, hypothermia and sudden changes in the conditions of detention - this is necessary for the formation of intense immunity.

In most cases, ferrets tolerate vaccination well. Perhaps a slight decrease in activity on the day of vaccination and short-term pain at the injection site. More serious complications in the form of a prolonged decrease in appetite, lethargy, changes in stool can testify in favor of virus carrying and require the intervention of a doctor.

Cases of post-vaccination sarcomas at the vaccine injection site are rare among ferrets.

Prices, rub.
Vaccination (vaccine, injection, syringe, passport)1400

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What vaccination schemes are there?

  1. The most common domestic version: at the age of 2 months and 1-3 weeks, the ferret is vaccinated against carnivore plague (Nobivac DHPPi + Lepto / Eurican DHPPI2 + L / Vangard-5), at the age of 3 months and 1-3 weeks, booster vaccination and rabies vaccination are carried out (Nobivac DHPPi + Lepto + Rabies / Eurican DHPPI2 + LR / Vangard-5 + Rabisin), which are subsequently repeated annually.
  2. Used in the Baltic countries and sometimes the Russian Federation: at the age of 6 weeks - 2 months, the ferret is vaccinated against the carnivore plague (Nobivac Puppy DP), at the age of 2 months to 2 months and 2 weeks - booster vaccination against the plague of carnivores and primary vaccination against leptospirosis (Nobivac DHPPi + Lepto), and at the age of 2 months and 3 weeks up to 3 months and 1 week - revaccination against carnivore plague and leptospirosis, primary vaccination against rabies (Nobivac DHPPi + Lepto + Rabies). The last combination of vaccinations is repeated annually.
  3. It occurs mainly in the United States of America: at the age of 4-6 weeks, the ferret is vaccinated against the carnivore plague (Purevax RCP), provided that the mother of the ferret was not vaccinated, from the age of 6 weeks to 2 months and from 2 months to 2 months and 2-3 weeks revaccination against plague of carnivores (Purevax RCP). From the age of 3 months to 3 months and 2 weeks, vaccination against carnivore plague and rabies (Purevax RCP + Rabisin). Next, the annual vaccination against carnivore plague and rabies with the obligatory delivery of fecal analysis.

What are the side effects of vaccination?

At the injection site, a rapidly disappearing swelling can sometimes occur. An allergic reaction is also possible, for the prevention of which an antihistamine drug should be administered in advance (see above).

If the ferret has a change in behavior, appetite, vomiting, violation of bowel movements, urination, you should immediately contact a veterinarian to provide qualified assistance to the animal.

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