About animals

Sedge is not a weed, but a real decoration of the site

Pin
Send
Share
Send


Close to sedge Morrow, but with narrower and softer foliage. Grade 'Evergold ' (see photo on the left) with bright yellow, sometimes with white, a strip in the middle of the sheet. He likes moist, fertile and well-drained soils in the sun or in partial shade. Zone 5. In the photo on the right, Carex oshimensis'Gold strike'.

Photo left Olga Bondareva
Photo right Severyakova Elena

Sedge birdheart - Sarex ornithopoda

Distributed in the warm regions of Central Europe, lives in bright pine forests on a limestone substrate.

Evergreen. The name received for the black-brown spikelets, located three in the form of a bird's footprint. It forms small bumps up to 15 cm high from narrow (3 mm) dark green foliage. Seed pouches with fleshy outgrowths, due to which the seeds are spread by ants. He likes moist, fertile and well-drained soils in the sun or in partial shade. It is used in rock gardens, borders, containers. In culture, usually a variety 'Variegata ' with a creamy white strip in the middle of the sheet - see photo. Zone 4.

Photo by Olga Bondareva.

Sedge Cuts - S. otrubae Podp. = S. compacta auct.

In damp places, in the bushes of the temperate and subtropical zones of Europe, the Caucasus, Central and Western Asia, North Africa.

Plants 40-70 cm tall, densely soddy. The stems are thickened. The leaves are bluish-green, 5-7 mm wide, shorter than the stem. The inflorescence is spike-shaped, 3-6 cm long, rather dense, from numerous ovoid pale green spikelets. It blooms in late spring and early summer.

Sedge pale - Carex pallida S. A. Meu.

A characteristic forest species of Eastern Siberia is found in areas from the western end of Lake Baikal to Kolyma, in Kamchatka, the Far East, about. Sakhalin, and outside Russia - in the north of Mongolia, in China and on the Korean Peninsula. It grows in larch, deciduous, birch forests, forest edges or clearings.

Perennial with an underground horizontal long, strongly branching rhizome with a diameter of 2-3 mm, covered with brown-brown scaly leaves splitting into fibers. Middle leaves 2-4 mm wide. Stems with a height of 20-50 cm, up to 1.3 mm in diameter, sharp-edged, rough. The inflorescence is branched, but dense, compact, of several ovoid spikelets 7-8 mm long, with short scaly-like covering leaves. Female flowers are in the lower part, and male flowers are in the upper. There are also purely female or purely male spikelets. Covering flower scales are ovoid, sharp, green or brown, white membranous at the edges. The sacs are ovate or oblong-ovate, 4-6 mm long, pale green, in front with eight to ten veins (sometimes poorly developed), below on the surface with small tubercles, along the edges with ciliary-toothed wings. Two stigmas. It blooms in May and June.

Sedge millet - Carex panicea L.

Europe, Front and Central Asia, North. Africa (Morocco), Greenland. It is entered in New. Zealand and the Atlantic part of the North. America. In marshy and salt marshes, sometimes in steppe meadows.

The vagina at the base of the shoots is leafy, gray, slightly cleaved. Leaves with a gray tint, 2-4 times shorter than the stems, flat, 1-3 mm wide. The stems are smooth, 15-40 cm tall. The stamen spikelet is narrow-club-shaped, variegated, pistillate (2, rarely 1) - spaced, on long legs, slightly drooping, loose, multi-flowered, oblong, 1.5-2 cm long., Approx. 0.6 cm thick. A bract of the lower spikelet with a long, expanded upward vagina and a long plate reaching the apex of the spikelet or exceeding it. Pouches are elliptical, unequal, 3.5-4 mm long., Without veins or with 2-3 obscure veins, greenish-yellow or barely buffy, smooth, but sometimes slightly rough at the top, sharply narrowed to a short (0.4-0.5, rarely 0.6 mm) and narrow (no more than 0.3 mm) truncated nose with brown mouth. Covering scales are sharp, mottled-brown, 1/5 - 1/3 shorter than the sacs.

EDSR Photography

Sedge scalyC. paleacea Wahl. = C. paralia V.Krecz.
Panicle sedgeC. paniculata L.
Sedge hanging or hangingCarex penduia = C. maxima
Sedge petriSarekh petrier
Sedge dark brown - C. perfusca V.Krecz.

On moist meadows and swamps, riverbanks and streams in the tundra, alpine and subalpine zones of the Southern Urals, mountains of Siberia, northeast Central Asia, the Far East, Northern Mongolia, the peninsula of Korea, Japan.

Plants 40-80 cm tall, densely soddy. Leaves 4-7 mm wide, bright green. The inflorescence is bunch-shaped, compact, of 4-7 oblong, almost black thick, thick, dangling spikelets 1.5-3 cm long, with short legs. Suitable for rock gardens and dry bouquets.

Leaf sedgeC. phyllostachys S. A. Meu.
Sedge swollen - S. physodes Bieb.

In sandy deserts, along the loose and overgrowing sands of the south of the European part of Russia, Central and Western Asia, and Northwest China.

Plants 15-40 cm tall, with a thin long rhizome. Leaves are bristle-shaped. Inflorescence capitate or oblong. Sacks up to 2 cm long, strongly vesiculate, swollen, reddish-orange. Plants are extremely original and very decorative thanks to large brightly colored bags.

Sedge hairy - Carex pilosa Scop.

It is found in the European part of Russia. The northern border approximately coincides with the northern border of the oak, and the southern one runs along 47–48 ° C. w. The eastern border of the range passes in the Perm region. and Bashkiria. In the Crimea and the Caucasus is absent. It grows in broad-leaved and coniferous-deciduous forests of Central Europe and the European part of Russia in oak forests, linden trees, buchin, horticultural forests, birch forests, in oak spruce forests with linden and hazel. Prefers clay, loamy or sandy loam, gray forest or rich sod-podzolic or chernozem soils. In spruce forests, oak spruce forests occur in the group of associations.

Perennial with thin, long underground horizontal rhizomes. Shoots at the base with scaly brownish or reddish-black leaves. Shoots of two types: shortened vegetative with wide (about 1 cm) and long bicuspid pubescent leaves and elongated reproductive, with five to seven short leaves (their lengths are 3-5 cm). Inflorescence of three to four spikelets spaced in the axils of the vaginal covering leaves, with short plates or without plates. Female spikelets lateral, erect or bent to the sides, loose, with 15-20 flowers. The bags are obovate, tu-trihedral, 4-4.5 mm long, with many veins and a brownish bent nose curved at the top. The stamen spikelet is one, oblong, 2-3 cm long, with bright yellow anthers during the flowering period of male flowers. It blooms in early May, the fruits ripen in early July.

In the deciduous forests of Primorye and Amur region, a close species is known - Sedge (C. campylorhina V. Krecz.). Due to the rapid growth of horizontal rhizomes (20-30 cm per year), the sedge hairy vigorously spreads in the grass, forming extensive thickets. Leaves hibernate. It is found on fresh or dry soils, is able to tolerate severe drought. The critical humidity of leaves that can restore water reserves is 44% (relative to the wet weight). The plant is shade-tolerant, the active assimilation of overwintered and young leaves occurs in the spring, when the canopy is not closed. When brightening the forest, the number of leaves on the shoots and the number of individual shoots increase.

In fresh form and hay, sedge is well eaten by sika deer and large domestic animals. The production of raw aboveground mass in oak groves near Moscow is about 7 kg / ha during the growing season.

Sedge plantainСarex plantaginea
Sedge Pontic - S. pontica Albov

In the alpine meadows of the Caucasus and Asia Minor.

Plants 60-80 cm tall, with creeping rhizome. The stalk is almost to the top leafy. Leaves 4-6 mm wide, pale green, almost leathery. Spikelets including 10-15, emerging 2-5 from the sinus of one bract, 1.5-3 cm long, cylindrical, thick, rusty-brown, drooping on long legs. It can be grown on alpine hills, decorative in bouquets.

Sedge early, or Schrebera - Carex praecox Schreber = Carex schreberi Schrank

Homeland - Siberia, Europe, the Caucasus, Kazakhstan, the extreme northwest of China. In dry and steppe, sometimes in flood meadows and in light grassy birch forests. Prefers chernozem-like soil.

Morphological description: Rhizomes are long creeping, with one or several stems arranged. The bases of the vertical shoots are thin (approx. 1 mm), with dull gray or brown scaly sheaths. The leaves are light green, narrow (1-2 mm), flat or half-folded along, shorter than the stems. The stems are thin (0. 5-1 mm), highly leafy, triangular at the top, rough, 15-40 cm tall. The inflorescence is tortuous, spiky or capitate-lobed, up to 2 cm long., Consists of 3 - spikelets. Gynecandic spikelets are oblong-elliptical, brown, the uppermost is usually club-shaped. The cover leaf of the lower spikelet is scaly, with a bristly tip or narrow-leaved, equal to the length of the spikelet. The covering scales of the sacs are narrow-ovoid, sharp, brown or brown, equal in length to the sacs. Narrow-ovoid sacs, 3.5–3. 7 mm long., With veins, in the lower half on both sides more often with rusty specks, narrowed along the edges with a narrow serrated wing, tapering at the top With the formation of a bend into a two-toothed, deeply split front nose, round at the base, with a very short, spongy leg outside , grayish-green, but brown along the nose, with long (up to 3 mm) stigmas. The nut is elliptical or widely elliptical.

Photo by Olga Bondareva

SedgeСarex pseudocyperus
SedgeC. riparia Curt.
Rust sedgeСarex siderosticta
Sedge extended - Carex remota L.

In the European part, the eastern wing of the species range is located, the border of which passes approximately from the Baltic to Mordovia, from it through the Voronezh region. to the Carpathians. Fragments of the range - in the mountains of the Crimea and the Caucasus, found in Western Europe, North Africa (Algeria) and on the highlands of Northern Iran. It grows in shady broad-leaved forests of oak, beech, and hornbeam, sometimes in the valleys of small streams, on clay or peaty soils, with a neutral or slightly acidic reaction. In mountain forests, up to 1000 m above sea level is found. m

Soddy perennial with erect or deflected shoots. Stems 30-50 cm tall, with brown or black-brown scale-like leaves at the base, decaying into numerous simple fibers. The plate of medium leaves is about 2 mm wide, obscurely folding, rough on the edges, sometimes with transverse wrinkles in the middle part. Inflorescence of several strongly spaced ovoid spikelets located in the axils of the covering leaves with long leaf blades. Female flowers are at the top of the spikelet, and male flowers are at the bottom. The size of the internodes in the inflorescence upwardly decreases. Covering scales of flowers are ovoid, brownish-green. Sacks are oblong-ovate, 3–3.5 mm long, flat-convex, green or brownish-green, with a short biconutate nose, rough at the edges, 2 stigmas. Nuts are ovoid, 1.5-1.8 mm long, light brown with a reddish tinge. It blooms in mid-May. First, the female flowers of spikelets bloom. The fruits ripen in mid-June.

Seed germination is usually 20-25%, both without stratification and after stratification.

In the Amur region., Khabarovsk and Primorsky territories there is a close species - sedge slightly apart (C. remotiuscula Wahlenb).

Rhizome sedge - sageh rhizina Blytt ex Lindbl.

It grows in spruce-broad-leaved, birch, broad-leaved, spruce, pine forests on dry, drained soils of the European part of Russia and Western Siberia. The northern boundary of the range lies to the north of 65 ° C. w. A fragment of the range is located in the Caucasus, outside of our country it is found in the forest zone of Western and Central Europe. The plant is found mainly in areas with relatively high hypsometric marks, in the latter - on slopes, micro-elevations.

Perennial with horizontal elongated rhizome located on the surface of the soil and covered with forest litter. The shoots are ascending and erect, clad at the base of the remains of the vaginas of last year's leaves. The vaginas of living leaves are brown-brown, slightly shiny, disintegrating on the membranous verge with the formation of a mesh of released veins. Medium leaf blades 2-3 mm wide. Reproductive shoots with a height of 15-30 cm. Inflorescence from one oblong male apical spikelet, to the apex of which one of the lateral female spikelets grows. The latter - linear - are located in the axils of the vaginal covering leaves without plates, friable and low flowered. Covering leaves of female flowers are ovate, with a protruding middle vein at the upper end, brown-green, membranous at the top. Sacks obovate, about 4 mm long, convex trihedral, greenish, short pubescent, with veins, stigma 3.

It develops well in places of close occurrence of limestone. The rhizome of the plant grows from one and dies from the other end. The live part of the rhizome is about 10 years old. Leaves live about 1 year, winter in a green state. Reproductive shoots are polycyclic, the flowering phase begins in the third or fourth year of their life.

Sedge forest - Sarex sylvatica Huds.

The range of the species covers mainly the European part, where its northern border reaches almost 60 ° C. N, and the southern one passes through the Crimea and the Caucasus. Fragments of the species range are known in some areas of Western Siberia, as well as in Altai, and live in the forest zone of Western Europe. Forest sedge grows in deciduous and coniferous-deciduous forests with the participation of spruce, fir and linden. In Moldova, Crimea and the Carpathians, it is found in beech and hornbeam-oak forests, on the East European Plain in oak and ash forests with the participation of Zelenchuk, Dentist.

A large turf perennial with erect or inclined (usually by autumn) shoots 70–90 cm high. The lower scaly leaves are light gray, decaying into simple fibers. Medium leaf 5–11 mm wide, glabrous, bright green, slightly glossy. An inflorescence 10–20 cm long consists of an upper narrow-cylindrical male spikelet and several lateral female spikelets on long legs, deviated or drooping, loose-flowered, up to 4 cm long, covering leaves of spikelets with a long vagina and a long leaf blade. Covering scales of female flowers are ovate-lanceolate, sphenoid-pointed, membranous with a green central stripe. Sacks are elliptical, 5-6 mm long, pale green, when ripe brownish-green, smooth, with a long thin nose, with two short teeth, stigma 3. It blooms in May - June, bears fruit in mid-July.

In the forests, sedge seedlings appear at the end of May and reach 6 cm in height by the autumn of that year. The tillering of the plant, that is, the formation of second-order shoots, occurs in the fourth to fifth year of life, and after another 2-4 years it enters the reproductive phase. Reproduction is carried out mainly by seeds. Vegetative propagation is a particularization that occurs with aging turf. On one reproductive shoot, 60–90 seeds are formed. For germination, seeds need natural stratification. During the winter, sedge leaves remain green. For blooming inflorescences, protoginia is characteristic (female flowers first bloom).

Recommended for cultivation in shady places. It prefers very rich, drained, moderately moist soils with pH = 7 in the sun or in partial shade.

Sedge Squat - S. supina Willd. ex wahl.

On dry places, steppes, steppe slopes of Central Europe, the south of the European part of the USSR, the Caucasus, Western Siberia, Central Asia.

Plants 5-20 cm tall, with a thin creeping rhizome. Stalks depart in bunches. The leaves are gray-green, 1-1.5 mm wide. Inflorescence of 2-3 little-flowered close spikelets. Mature bags are round, golden or reddish yellow, shiny. 2p = 36, 38. It blooms in spring. A kind of elegant plant, can be grown on alpine hills and dry sandy places.

Sedge sad - C. tristis Bieb.

In the alpine meadows of the Caucasus, Asia Minor and Northern Iran.

Plants 10-40 cm tall, densely soddy. Leaves 2.5-5 mm wide, stiff, sickle-curved, 2-3 times shorter than the stem. Inflorescence of 2–4 closely spaced spikelets 1-2 cm long, pistillate spikelets oblong-ovate or lanceolate, brownish-black, on legs 2-3 cm long, upright, less often slightly drooping. 2n = 40, 42, 44.

Note. The appearance very similar to C. tristis is as follows.
C. stenocarpaTurcz. ex V. Krecz. - O. narrow-fruited. In the alpine and subalpine meadows of the mountains of Central Asia, southern Siberia, northern Mongolia, northwestern and southwestern China and the Himalayas.
C. sempervirensVill. - O. is evergreen. 2p = 30, 32, 34, 56, 58. In the alpine and subalpine meadows of the Carpathians and mountains of Central Europe. Suitable for rock gardens and dry bouquets.

Sedge tuminskaya - C. tuminensis Cat.

On the banks of rivers, in silty places of temperate zones of the Far East, Northeast China and the Peninsula of Korea. The name comes from the name p. Tumin Gan.

Plants 60-100 cm tall, with creeping rhizome. Leaves 8-12 mm wide, light (silver) -green. Spikelets are numerous (15-30), emerging in bundles from the bosom of the bract of the leaf, narrow cylindrical, 2-7 cm long, light brown, on long (up to 10 cm) legs, hanging.

Vaginal sedge - Carex vaginata Tausch

A widespread species of the forest zone of Eurasia and North America, the range of which is located between approximately 43 ° and 72 ° C. sh., in Russia - between 50 ° and 72 ° s. w. - from the western regions to the Baikal region. A fragment of the range is in the Caucasus. It grows in pine, pine-broad-leaved, birch, pine-small-leaved forests, on fresh soils, edges, forest meadows, in the southern regions of the tundra zone.

Perennial with a horizontal underground rhizome, the length of which between adjacent partial bushes is 5-10 cm. The lower scaly leaves at the base of the shoots are brown, decaying into simple fibers. The middle leaves of vegetative shoots are 3-5 mm wide, two-folded, light green. An inflorescence 5-10 cm long consists of three to four spikelets spaced. Covering leaves of lateral spikelets 1 to 3 cm long in the form of a vagina and short plate. Female spikelets on legs, erect or deviated to the side, slightly flowered, 1 - 2.5 cm long. Covering scales of female flowers are broad-ovate, blunt, brown, with a central green strip, shorter than sacs. Sacks 3-4 mm long, ovoid, swollen trihedral, lemon yellow, with thin veins, short nose. Three stigmas. The male spikelet is apical, single, elongated, club-shaped. Covering scales of male flowers are oblong, spiky, brown. It blooms in May - June.

Adding an article to a new collection

Sedge is a grassy perennial, several hundred species of which "live" around the world. And in many languages ​​(including Russian) its name is associated with the words “cut” or “saw”, which clearly characterizes the sharp edges of flat leaves equipped with microscopic sawtooth teeth.

And if some types of sedge look quite ordinary for themselves - gray-green turfs with nondescript spikelets of inflorescences - then others, due to the unusual coloring, shape or size of leaves, inflorescences and fruits, are true decorative species, and very unpretentious and for this deservedly loved by many landscape by designers.

Such sedges will decorate the garden pond, perfect for creating rockeries and rock gardens, as well as for planting in mixborders, on lawns, in a shady garden and in forest areas, will become a bright component of dry winter bouquets. In addition to the decorative function, they are also useful - it is a water purifier, a reliable fixer for ravine slopes, a valuable peat-forming agent, and a raw material for traditional medicine.

But we are now mainly about beauty. Look - how different and wonderful sedges are. Your attention - a few of the most popular decorative forms and varieties of this plant.

Sedge Gray (Carex grayi)

If your site is shady and well-moistened, then sedge Gray will look great with ferns, brunners, azhik and zelenchuk.

It is distinguished by very original fruits, for which it received the name "sedge of the morning star." The large seed sacs of this sedge form an almost spherical star.

Sedge Gray prefers fertile, moist loam with a soil reaction closer to neutral. Withstands temporary flooding. Refers to early growing.

It forms hill-shaped slowly spreading curtains up to 90 cm high. The leaves are salad green, hard, flat, vertically directed. Blooms in June-July with yellow-green flowers. After flowering, the club-shaped seed heads are fruit-seeds of light green color with a diameter of 2-4 cm, which do not lose their attractiveness until the end of the season.

The plant is winter-hardy, does not require shelter for the winter. Propagated by division of the rhizome in the spring or seeds.

It is used for single plantings, creating borders and mixborders, as an accent plant in natural style flower beds, in large numbers - along the banks of water bodies.

Sedge Morrova, or Japanese (Carex morrowii)

This sedge, originally from the mountain forests of Japan, also does not like the sun, especially the direct one, but regular spraying and plentiful watering is very “respected”. Due to its small size and relatively short rhizome, it can be grown both as a garden and indoor (balcony) plant.

Sedge Morrova prefers fertile, moist loam, with a soil reaction closer to neutral. He does not like prolonged flooding. Refers to cold growing.

It forms dense, almost non-sprawling bumps up to 30-40 cm high. The leaves are rough, stiff, flat, curved arcuate, bordered by light longitudinal stripes. Blooms in June-July with brown-green flowers collected in thin spikelets.

The plant is winter-hardy, does not require shelter for the winter. Propagated by division of the rhizome in the spring or seeds.

It is used for single plantings, creating borders and mixborders, planting shrubs as a groundcover, in rock gardens, in container growing.

Decorative forms and grades:

  • Variegata - The leaves are light green with cream stripes at the edges (depending on the composition of the soil, variegation can be very subtle).
  • Gold band - with yellowish-cream stripes on the leaves.
  • Evergold - with creamy yellow leaves with green bordering.
  • Silver tassel - with silver-white leaves with emerald green bordering.
  • Ice dance - with a wide creamy white border of the sheet.

Sedge Buchanan, or Buchanan, or Busanan (Carex buchananii)

This sedge, originally from New Zealand, on the contrary, prefers exclusively sunny places.

Sedge Bukhanana loves fertile, moist loam with a soil reaction closer to neutral, always with good drainage. It does not tolerate both jamming and overdrying. Refers to cold growing.

It forms dense fountain-like curtains up to 60 cm high. The foliage is brownish with a noticeable bronze hue, stiff, flat, very narrow (hairy), straight at a young age, later with curved tips. Blooms in June-July with silver spikelets.

The plant is not very winter-hardy, as an evergreen can be grown in southern Russia with light shelter. Propagated by division of the rhizome in the spring or seeds.

It is used as a groundcover for planting near the water, for creating borders and mixborders, for bordering paths in combination with green plants or conifers. Suitable for container growing. Looks great in hoarfrost and with the first snow.

Decorative forms and grades:

Sedge pillow-shaped, or strong (Carex firma)

In nature, this "compact" sedge grows in the subalpine zone of the mountainous regions of Europe on rocky slopes.

The pillow-shaped sedge grows rapidly and forms beautiful dense, hard pillow-shaped sods no more than 10 cm high. This extremely unpretentious plant without long creeping rhizomes grows on almost any soil (except for constantly mossing and strongly acidic) and in any light, although it prefers humus-rich calcareous soil . Blooms in June-July with dark spikelets.

This type of sedge is especially spectacular on talus and retaining walls in rock gardens.

Decorative forms and grades:

  • Variegata - The leaves are bright green with cream stripes at the edges.

Sedge mountain (Sarekh montana)

Mountain sedge prefers sunny places with dry sandy soils. And it is very frost-resistant, can withstand temperature drops to –28 ° С.

It quickly grows and forms dense turfs with winding stems up to 30-60 cm high. Its leaves are bright green, soft, flat and narrow (only 2 mm wide), in winter they acquire a brown hue. Blooms in May with brown-green spikelets.

The plant is good winter hardiness. Propagated by division of the rhizome in the spring or seeds.

Suitable for rocky slides, for creating borders and mixborders.

High sedge (Carex elata)

And this species of sedge gravitates to moist and swampy soils, perfectly survives in shallow water or marshy meadow.

High sedge prefers fertile moistened loam and peat, with a soil reaction closer to neutral. It is able to grow in any light, but in deep shade it lies on the ground.

It forms high bumps up to 1 m high. The leaves are rough, stiff, flat, protruding, arcuate, gradually sharpened. Blooms in May-June with brown spikelets.

The plant is winter-hardy, does not require shelter for the winter. After the first autumn frost quickly turns yellow. Propagated by division of the rhizome in the spring or seeds.

Used to decorate medium and large ponds in a natural style, for the banks of streams, can be grown in a container.

The color of foliage of wild-growing forms is gray-green. In the culture, varieties of this sedge with golden leaves, leaves with a yellow border and yellow leaves with a green border are bred.

The most popular decorative form is Aurea syn. Bowles Golden. This sedge is low, yellow-leaved, sometimes with green stripes on the leaves.

Among the various sedges, these unpretentious plants, it is not so difficult to find a decorative foliage form for any site and type of climate - whether it be a dry sunny place or the shady pond, you just need to look.

Types of sedge

Homeland
  • Australia
  • Africa
  • North America
  • South America
  • Eurasia
The soil
  • Loose, nutritious, moisture permeable
The size
  • from 5 to 100 cm
Flowering time
  • January to December
Possible colors
    Illumination
    • Medium // Acceptable direct rays for several hours, eastern, western orientation
    Watering
    • Medium // Heavy watering 2-3 times a week
    Difficulty of leaving
    • Little // Does not need special requirements for growth and flowering
    Air humidity
    • Medium // Moderate humidity (at least 35%, normal street humidity in the shade)
    Fertilizer frequency
    • Medium // Fertilizer only during the period of active growth (minimum during the rest period)

    Description

    Sedge is a genus of grassy annual plants and perennials of the Osokov family. Its unpretentious and hardy representatives (more than 2000 varieties) grow throughout the globe, in a temperate climate.

    ON THE PICTURE:Sedge is able to take root even in difficult conditions for other plants.

    Due to the fact that Osoka prefers moist soil, it is most often found on the banks of water bodies and in wetlands. This fundamentally distinguishes it from other grassy plants that grow mainly on dry land.

    Two morphological groups of sedge are distinguished:

    1. Sprawling. These include sedge black, sharp, aquatic, nosed, pointed, coastal and bubbly. The rhizomes of the species of this group are long, with rosettes extending from them, rooted within the growing area. Growing, such plants create green massifs of curtains, loose or dense.
    2. Koboobrazuyuschie. This sedge is dangling, millet, sytiform, tall, fox, soddy. Their rhizomes are short and dense. They form clear and dense bumps.

    The height of the sedge stems can be different depending on the species and variety. For example, the stems of some forms of sedge high can reach 100 cm in height, in Osoka the Capricorn, they do not exceed 70 cm, and in the undersized Osoki Bohemian - 30 cm.

    The length of the sedge leaves reaches 30 cm. Their color varies from green (with a wide range of shades) to bluish-bluish, with a border of various tones. The width of Osoki leaf blades is from 2 to 15 mm. The shape and arrangement of leaves on the stem are diverse: in some species they are erect, in others they are curved in an arc.

    Spikelets of inflorescences can be low-color and low, like Osoki soddy, or, conversely, tall, lush and large (such are Osoki black and bubbly).

    ON THE PICTURE:Spikelets of sedge palm-leaved (Carex muskingumensis).

    The color of sedges is from light tones of green to black-olive, brown and black. Narrow-cylindrical, cone-shaped or drooping spikelets give Osoki curtains a special decorative effect. Fruits of plants of the genus - diaspora - slightly biconvex or trihedral shape.

    Popular varieties

    Osoka Morrow is usually grown on window sills, balconies and terraces, especially varieties of 'Ice Dance', 'Variegata', 'Fisher’s Form', 'Goldband'. and Osoku is brownish, she is elegant. Very interesting forms of the latter species are 'Jenneke', 'Jubilo', 'Lady Sunshine', 'Sophia'.

    ON THE PICTURE:The popular Osoki Morrow variety 'Ice Dance' in Russia.

    The winged sedge looks spectacular in the garden: the variety 'Knighshaye's Form' with bright yellow leaves, golden green bushes 'Bowle's Golden', sophisticated 'Aurea' with a yellow border. For single landings, the "morning star" with large 2.5 cm large fruit crops is suitable. - Sedge Gray 'Morning Star'. A creamy white border on the leaves of the sedge rusty spotted 'Island Brocade' gives this variety an outward sophistication.

    ON THE PICTURE:Sedge Gray with unusual inflorescences 'Morning Star'.

    Growing

    Cultivated sedge can grow in greenhouses, gardens, on the shores of domestic ponds, in rock gardens and on lawns, in group plantings and live borders. In the open air, it is better to plant the plant in a well-lit place, but in no case under direct sunlight.

    For sedge black, coastal and bubbly, slight shading is desirable. But severe shading is harmful to any variety of sedge, as it is worth remembering that the plant belongs to cereals, preferring well-lit areas.

    The ideal soil for garden sedge is neutral (pH 6.0–7.0) or slightly acidic (pH 5.0–6.0), with a high level of humidity. Swampy soil is suitable only for certain types of sedge (leaf-leaved or coastal). Graceful and droopy sedge does not tolerate stagnant bogging.

    ON THE PICTURE:Group planting of sedges in the garden.

    This plant needs to be fed once every two weeks (except for the period of winter "rest"). Choosing the right fertilizer for sedge in open ground or container will help our article "Types of fertilizers and their features."

    Diseases and Pests

    Common diseases of plants of the genus Sedge are gray rot and powdery mildew. Copfugo Super, Ferazim and Derozal Euro cope with the prevention and treatment of gray rot. The spread of powdery mildew will be prevented and stopped by the effective fungicides Topaz, Bayleton and Sulfaride.

    Aphids, spider mites, scale insects, mealybugs can severely damage Osoka. Effective modern drugs to combat these ticks and insects are Actellik, Aktofit, Vermitek, Karbofos insectoacaricides.

    Breeding

    Osoku is mainly propagated by dividing the bush.Long-rhizome species, after the formation of several shoots, are planted almost at any time. Koshkoobrazuyuschih better to propagate and transplant in the spring. How to transplant Osoka and other ornamental herbs correctly is described in our article: "Secrets of transplanting ornamental herbs in the garden."

    You can grow plants of this genus from seeds, sowing them mainly after spring warming (with the exception of rust-spotted sedge, which is usually sown before winter). Seed propagation of most species of sedge is less popular due to the risk of loss of decorativeness.

    First steps after purchase

    Immediately after the acquisition, Osoki seedlings should be treated for diseases and pests. For several days planting material is kept in quarantine, separate from other indoor and garden plants.

    Not to be mistaken with the purchase of seeds or young Osoki plants for planting in your garden will help the recommendations from the article "5 basic rules for the purchase of ornamental herbs and cereals."

    Secrets of Success

    For Osoka, a moderately cold content is optimal (+ 15–18 ° С); during the rest period, it is necessary to provide it with a temperature of + 5–7 ° С. Like other cold-flowering ornamental herbs, Sedge "wakes up" at 0 ° C and reaches its highest point of growth at a temperature of + 15–24 ° C (if the humidity is sufficient). This must be considered when storing rooted cuttings.

    Sedge needs a lot of fresh air. In the warm season, a houseplant is good to "air" on the balcony or terrace. But in no case should Osoku be left in a draft!

    ON THE PICTURE:Air bath for young plants of the sedge cultivar 'Phoenix Green'.

    Regular removal of dry leaves and inflorescences will preserve not only the attractive appearance of the curtains, but also the health of home sedge.

    Possible difficulties

    Acquisition of leaves of a reddish or brownish hue, their drying out.

    1. insufficient watering.
    2. lack of additional nutrients, which is eliminated by the introduction of complex fertilizers.

    The pallor of the leaves.

    Cause: lack of lighting.

    Sloppy look of curtains.

    1. untimely pruning.
    2. excessive overgrowth of bushes.

    Rotting of the roots, stems and leaves of a plant.

    Subscribe and receive descriptions of new species and varieties in the "coastal plants" section by mail!

    Pin
    Send
    Share
    Send