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What is the largest spider in the world of the photo how it looks

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Megaphobema robustum is one of the most striking and unusual tarantulas. In addition to a rather large size and beautiful color, this species differs from other tarantulas with a special protective behavior. In addition to the standard set - combing hairs and defensive posts, this spider is able to jump up a few centimeters sharply, as well as strike with its hind legs, on which it has spikes! The spider is moderately aggressive, but it is not recommended to take this species in your hands. This type of tarantula spider is VERY sensitive to elevated temperatures! There are difficulties in breeding. It differs in very large larvae.

If you want to buy this tarantula spider, it is very easy to do. Buy spider, scorpion and other arthropods - click here.

The biggest spider in the world: top 10

Spider is one of the most terrible creatures on Earth. Any person suffering from arachnophobia will confirm this to you.

Perhaps you will say: what can be scary in such a small creature? And I will answer you with a question to the question: “in what is so small?” Look at the largest spider in the worldand find out where he lives so you can plan your vacation away from this place.

  • 10. Wall tegenaria (Cerbalus Aravaensis) - body 3 cm, leg span 14 cm
  • 9. Brazilian wandering spider (Phoneutria fera) - body 10 cm, foot span 7 cm
  • 8. Camel Spider (Solfigae) - body 5-7 cm, leg span 12-15 cm
  • 7. Hercules Baboon Spider - body size from 7 to 9 cm, leg span up to 20 cm
  • 6. Ornamental tarantula rajai (Poecilotheria rajaei) - body 8 cm, limb span up to 20 cm
  • 5. Colombian giant tarantula (Megaphobema robustum) - body 8 cm, paw span up to 20 cm
  • 4. Brazilian black tarantula (Grammostola anthracina) - body 16-18 cm, paw span 7-10 cm
  • 3. Horse spider (Lasiodora parahybana) - body 8-10 cm, paw span up to 25 cm
  • 2. Giant hunter spider (Heteropoda maxima) - body 4.6 cm, paw span from 25 to 30 cm
  • 1. Goliath tarantula (Theraphosa blondi) - trunk 10.4 cm, paw span up to 28 cm

Ancient spiders

Giant spiders lived on our planet in prehistoric times. However, their size then, as scientists suggest, was much more impressive. In the modern world, the largest spider is no more than medium-sized plates. In ancient times, according to researchers, spiders the size of a small child could be found. These assumptions are based on the existence of meganeuvres — giant dragonflies that lived on Earth in the Carboniferous period, whose wingspan was up to 1 meter, confirmed by archaeological research. By analogy, it is believed that other insects, as well as the arthropods that inhabited our planet in antiquity, could have gigantic proportions. However, this hypothesis is not confirmed by archaeological finds. The name of the largest fossil spider is Nephila Jurassica. It was found in China, and in size it is quite comparable to modern arthropods: the span of its paws is about 15 centimeters. This is a female.

General information

The largest spider in the world belongs to the family of Tarantulas. Its name is Theraphosa blondi. The French scientist Pierre Andre Latreil described it in 1804, and since then it has been in the focus of attention of zoologists. These arthropods that live in the mountain tropical forests of northern Brazil, Venezuela, Suriname and Guyana are quite rare in nature.

Tarantula spiders dig deep holes and line them with a woven web. They leave their home only for hunting and mating.

Description

The females of these tarantula spiders, also called goliaths, as is often the case in the animal kingdom, are much larger than males. The description of the largest spider in the world indicates its unique size. So, the body length of a male goliath tarantula is about 85 mm, and females up to 100 mm. If all its limbs are spread, then the size of the arthropod will be about 28 cm! The weight of the spider on average is about 150 grams.

The body of the goliath spider is dark brown in color, the limbs are covered with reddish-brown small hairs.But this “plumage” is not a decoration, but a means of protection. Getting into the respiratory organs or on the skin of the opponent of the goliath, these hairs cause severe irritation and force him to retreat. Tarantula spiders comb their hairs with sharp movements of their hind legs towards the enemy. In addition, small hairs serve as the organ of touch. With their help, goliaths are able to capture the smallest fluctuations in air or a solid medium. The hair partially compensates for the poor vision of the spider, helping it to hunt at night.

On the front legs of the males there are special outgrowths-hooks with which they hold the jaws of the female during the mating process in order to save their life. After this process, the males hastily retreat.

In addition to hairs, these giants also have another weapon - strong poison, which has long been considered deadly. In fact, in humans, it causes only severe burning and swelling. The pain is quite tolerable and can be compared with the sensation of a bee sting. But for those who suffer from allergies, the bite of a Goliath tarantula can be a serious danger.

Breeding

Goliath tarantulas reach puberty at different times: males are one and a half years old, and females are two to two and a half years old. Until this time, 9 males pass in males, and 10 links in females. After mating, the females spin a small, about 3 cm long cocoon in which they lay their eggs. The spider vigilantly guards the masonry throughout the entire time of breeding (6-7 weeks), and even going to hunt, carries it with it. At this time, she is most aggressive, and meeting her does not bode well. Little spiders live in a hole with their mother until the first molt, then leave the shelter.

Nutrition

The diet of this arthropod is quite diverse. It includes insects, as well as small animals - snakes, frogs, lizards, rodents. Despite his name, he does not attack birds, except that he can eat the nestling that has fallen from the nest.

Attacking the victim, the goliath tarantula first bites it, immobilizing it with its poison, and injects digestive juices into its body, softening the flesh. This allows the spider to suck out nutrients, leaving hard shells intact.

Those who are going to keep these giants at home should provide them with familiar conditions. The optimum temperature for the content of these arthropods is 22-24 degrees Celsius, humidity - 70-80%. Since this spider is burrowing, and leads a nocturnal lifestyle, there must be a shelter in the terrarium. Good ventilation is required. At the bottom of the terrarium there should be a layer of substrate 6-8 cm thick.

Feed the spider with small insects and pieces of meat. For feeding adults, you can use lizards, mice and frogs.

It should be remembered that this arthropod is quite nervous and aggressive in nature and should be handled with care. The tarantula spider is not friendly, and if the owner wants to accustom it to hands, you need to do it gradually, carefully removing the pet from the terrarium in order to avoid bites.

Here are some interesting facts about Theraphosa blondi:

The largest spider in the world owes its name to the well-known illustrator, engraver of the turn of the 17-18 centuries, Maria Sibille Merian, whose drawings enriched botany and zoology. It is difficult to overestimate her contribution to science, because the artist has left many images of plants, insects, animals. Her drawings today strike with exceptional accuracy and liveliness of colors. Impressed by the story of researchers who allegedly saw the world's largest goliath spider devour a bird, she portrayed this scene in one of her works, and the legend thus gained further distribution.

An interesting feature of Goliath tarantulas is the so-called stridulation - the ability to make peculiar hissing sounds by rubbing the chelicera - mouth appendages against each other. It is assumed that in nature it is used by these giants to scare away enemies.

Theraphosa blondi population in nature is quite small, and it is declining from year to year. One of the reasons for this is that the locals not only spiders themselves, but their eggs are considered a real delicacy, and they are happy to eat them.

The largest and most dangerous spiders in the world for humans are not tarantulas at all. They are considered arthropods, called Brazilian wandering spiders (genus Phoneutria). Their size is much more modest, only about 10 cm, but the poison is much more toxic. The bite of Brazilian wandering spiders is moderate pain, but in the absence of medical care, paralysis and respiratory arrest occur as a result. However, there is an effective antidote against this neurotoxin (PhTx3), so the number of deaths is less than it could be.

On a note

In some lists of the most huge and terrible spiders, the first place is mistakenly occupied by Heteropoda maxima - a species discovered in 2001 in Laos. Indeed, this arthropod has a larger range of limbs - up to 30 mm. However, the Goliath tarantula significantly exceeds it in body size: 85 and 100 mm in males and females, respectively, against 30 and 46 mm. Thus, of these giant spiders, Theraphosa blondi is still considered the largest spider in the world.

Finally

The article briefly described the largest spider in the world. Although it does not pose a particular danger to humans, its dimensions inspire respect. This unique creature, despite its repulsive appearance, is an integral harmonious part of wildlife and takes its rightful place in it. We hope that the information presented in the material will be interesting and useful to readers.

Spider is one of the most terrible creatures on Earth. Any person suffering from arachnophobia will confirm this to you. Perhaps you will say: what can be scary in such a small creature? And I will answer you with a question to the question: “in what is so small?” Look at the largest spider in the world and find out where he lives so you can plan your vacation away from this place.

10. Wall tegenaria (Cerbalus Aravaensis) - body 3 cm, leg span 14 cm


Where he lives: in the desert dunes of Wadi al-Arabs in southern Israel and Jordan.

This is the smallest arachnid in our collection, and one of the largest spiders on Earth.

Dehydration and tanning are not the only threats you face if you find yourself in the hot sand dunes of the Wadi al-Arab desert. After all, this is the home of the largest hunter spider in the Middle East. He creates his lair in the sand, and goes "on business" at night. Scientists do not believe that wall tegenaria is highly toxic, but none of them tested this hypothesis.

9. Brazilian wandering spider (Phoneutria fera) - body 10 cm, foot span 7 cm


Where he lives: in South and Central America.

Not the biggest spider on the list, but the most dangerous. This furry banana lover even got into the Guinness Book of Records in 2010 as the most poisonous spider in the world. Guinness does not have a category for the most aggressive spiders, otherwise the Brazilian spider would fall into it. In this regard, he is very close to, she is also not famous for her meek character.

When there are no bananas nearby, the eight-legged Brazilian eats mice, lizards and large insects. To kill a 20-gram mouse spider, it is enough to inject it with 6 μg of poison intravenously and 134 μg subcutaneously. For comparison: a black widow for the same purpose would require 110 micrograms and 200 micrograms of poison, respectively.

The poison of a Brazilian wandering spider is very dangerous, and can kill a person in two hours. It can also cause a four-hour, painful erection in men. So in the future, this dangerous arthropod may possibly serve science as a treatment for erectile dysfunction.

8. Camel Spider (Solfigae) - body 5-7 cm, leg span 12-15 cm

Where he lives: in any warm desert area. You are safe (from this spider) in Australia. He was never seen in Antarctica if that helps you.

This spider, also known as the salpuga, got its unofficial name for eating camels for breakfast. Do not believe it? And rightly so. He was nicknamed "camel" for the "humps" on his head. According to other information, a frightened spider jumps high enough and can grab with its powerful chelicera (jaws) into what is above it. In the desert, this often leads to the groin of a camel.

The jaws of the salpugi are so strong that they can even pierce a human nail. In the video with the largest spiders in the world, the salpegs look most menacing, especially if you look at their jaw from the side. Her teeth and cutting edge are clearly visible on it.

The good news is this spider is not poisonous. The bad news is that if he bites you, rotting food debris can get into the wound, and this can lead to serious inflammation.

7. Hercules Baboon Spider - body size from 7 to 9 cm, leg span up to 20 cm


Where he lives: in African countries such as Niger, Benin, Ghana, Cameroon and Nigeria.

The only known specimen of a Herculean baboon was caught in Nigeria about a hundred years ago and is housed in the Natural History Museum in London. It got its name from the habit of eating baboons (a joke). In fact, this spider is named after the similarity between its legs and the fingers of the baboon. Since no one has seen this spider for a long time, there is an assumption that it has disappeared from the face of the Earth. In a more optimistic version, he can lead life underground, away from human eyes.

A close relative of the Herculean baboon, the royal spider baboon (Pelinobius muticus) lives in East Africa, and another related subfamily - Harpactirinae - is famous for its aggressive and unpredictable behavior and strong poison.

6. Ornamental tarantula rajai (Poecilotheria rajaei) - body 8 cm, limb span up to 20 cm


Where he lives: on old trees or in old buildings in Sri Lanka and in India.

Tarantulas live not only in Central and South America. A huge tarantula the size of a person’s face adapted to deforestation in Sri Lanka, and moved to abandoned buildings. He likes to eat birds, lizards, rodents and even snakes.

This species was discovered relatively recently, in 2009. And its name Poecilotheria rajaei received in honor of the policeman Michael Rajakumar Purajah, who guarded scientists during their expedition.

4. Brazilian black tarantula (Grammostola anthracina) - body 16-18 cm, paw span 7-10 cm


Where he lives: in Uruguay, Paraguay, Brazil and Argentina.

Be sure to visit South America if you are looking for huge spiders. Gramostol anthracin - one of the types of tarantulas, which is very popular because of its beautiful black "wool" with a metallic sheen. He is unlikely to bite you if you do not forget to feed him cockroaches or crickets. However, the long hairs on the legs and torso of a Brazilian tarantula can cause irritation in contact with human skin.

3. Horse spider (Lasiodora parahybana) - body 8-10 cm, paw span up to 25 cm


Where he lives: in the forests of Brazil. This is a popular pet, so you can see them in pet stores and possibly in a neighbor’s apartment.

The third of the largest spiders in the world easily reproduces in captivity and is considered obedient. However, if provoked, a horse spider can bite, not too dangerous, but rather painful. Also, these animals have a “cute” habit in combing burning hair in danger. Therefore, do not bring the spider close to your eyes.

2. Giant hunter spider (Heteropoda maxima) - body 4.6 cm, paw span from 25 to 30 cm


Where he lives: only in the caves of Laos, but huge hunting spiders similar to him live in all the warm and moderately warm regions of the planet.

While the Goliath tarantula (number one on the list) is considered the most massive spider on Earth, the giant hunter spider has longer legs. Their scope reaches from 25 to 30 centimeters.

These spiders are dangerous not only for their natural enemies, but also for humans. After their bite, hospitalization may be required. If you live in a warm climate and have heard a rhythmic ticking sound similar to the ticking of a quartz watch, you should know: somewhere nearby there is a male Heteropoda maxima. And if you are not a female of a giant spider, you better run.

1. Goliath tarantula (Theraphosa blondi) - trunk 10.4 cm, paw span up to 28 cm


Where he lives: in burrows in tropical forests and swamps of the northern part of South America.

Here it is, the largest spider in the world. In the photo, he looks intimidating, and not without reason. Goliath tarantula is one of the varieties of the tarantula. Blond teraphosis can bite a person with its huge fangs (1-2 cm), and its poison is comparable in pain and general effect with wasp venom.

The spiky hairs of this gigantic “fluff” pose a great threat, as they can remain on the skin and in the eyes of a person, causing itching and irritation for several days.

One of Theraphosa blondi was even lucky enough to get into the Guinness Book of Records as the largest representative of his species. The paw span of this specimen, caught in Venezuela in 1965, was 28 centimeters.

As the name suggests, this spider sometimes eats small birds such as hummingbirds. But he himself can turn from a hunter into a tasty prey. People who live in the habitat of Goliath tarantulas catch and eat them (they taste like shrimp).

And finally, an interesting fact: Spider males have specialized appendages that are used to create the sounds necessary for protection and sexual communication. The biggest spiders make sounds loud enough for people to hear. So if you hear a strange sound in the night, maybe there is a sexually preoccupied spider somewhere nearby.

Spiders today belong to such insects, which at the same time can be called very small and largest. There are no analogues to such amazing creatures in nature - this is especially true for the method of their hunting, namely weaving of the web. Species of spiders today are very numerous - there are about forty thousand, of which about three thousand live in Russia. Indeed, among the majority today it is customary to call these creatures insects, however, in fact they constitute a completely separate order and class - arachnids, and belong to the type of arthropods.

Specifically, insects from spiders can be separated according to various characteristics. For example, they have not six legs, like the first, but eight, and they also have forelimbs equipped with poisonous claws, which are called “chelicerae”. It is with the help of them that they immobilize and kill the victim caught in their artfully woven network. In our country there are no deadly spiders for people, the maximum that can be obtained in response to such a meeting is a bite, burning and pain. In addition, the first spider never attacks large objects.

Arachnids are weaving their network with the help of spider warts, which are located on their abdomen - there are three of them. Interesting spider digestion - it is called extra-intestinal. Say, for comparison: a predatory mantis, having caught a fly, chews it and swallows it. The spider acts differently: it injects poison and digestive enzymes, and within two hours the caught victim turns into a ready-made “soup” that the hunter just needs to drink. And one more interesting fact: the web of these creatures is surprisingly strong. If the web is made a pencil thick, then a real plane can crash into it and not damage it.

The world's largest spider

Most of us in reality have encountered very small spiders that pose virtually no danger to humans, despite the fact that for many they still cause a steady sense of disgust and even fear. lives not with us, in the tropical forests of Guyana, Suriname and French Guiana. Single specimens of these giants are found in Brazil and Venezuela. Called this creature Terafosa Blond (in Latin - Theraphosa blondi ) or simply tarantula Goliath . The body length of these little monsters reaches nine centimeters, and the span of the limbs is 26-28 centimeters. In other words, such a spider can be the size of a dinner plate.

Belonging to the Goliath family of tarantulas, it was caught in 1965 near a village in Venezuela - its paws reached a length of 28 centimeters.For this, he got into the Guinness Book of Records. The find was made during an expedition led by Pablo San Martin. As for captive-bred tarantulas, such an individual belongs to Brian Barnett: today it is older than two years old, weighs 170 grams and also has a foot span of 28 centimeters. In general, Terafosa Blond is very rare in the collections of private party guides. The fact is that for breeding and proper maintenance of individuals special conditions are required that are as close as possible to natural conditions, including seasonal changes in weather. Therefore, in captivity, Goliaths reproduce very rarely. In addition, from many countries where this species lives, it is forbidden to export it.

Biggest spider Terafosa has a dark brown color of the body and paws - all this is covered with small hairs. He prefers to live in deep minks, which he makes himself, and the entrance is lined with his own web. Tarantulas do not feed on birds at all, as some mistakenly believe, but on frogs, mice, toads, lizards, and sometimes even small snakes. Goliath does not hunt with the help of the web, but builds ambushes, quickly jumping on the victim and injecting poison. The reaction of the tarantula is lightning fast - according to its slow movement, it is quite difficult to guess in advance unless you see the spider in the hunt before.

Blonde is in serious competition the biggest spiders from the family Sparassidae . One such spider was accidentally found in the basement of one of the largest Parisian museums - a German biologist named Peter Yeager did it. He inspected the muse fund and found a giant spider in a jar of formalin - it stood among numerous other exhibits. This creature, according to records, was captured in 1939 in Laos and then stored for many years in the storerooms of the museum. The paw span of the found specimen was thirty centimeters. Despite this, the Goliath remains the official record holder for leg length today.

As for the arachnid found in the museum bank - this, of course, is not the only instance. These creatures are called in science. Geteropoda maxima and they really live in Laos, preferring to hide in deep and dark caves. Such spiders very rarely come to the surface, have a leg length of 25-30 centimeters (more than Goliaths), and the abdomen is only 3-4.5 centimeters, that is, on the contrary, less than the “book” record holder. Of course, these parameters are fixed on the basis of the caught individuals - what they actually are, it is difficult to assume, because lead a very secretive life. It is possible there are larger options. The species of heteropods has been studied very little by scientists - again, due to the extreme secrecy of these creatures. The color of these spiders is also brown, the legs are covered with black stripes, dark spots are present on the abdomen. The eyes are unreduced - most likely due to the fact that these arachnids constantly live in pitch darkness.

By the way, most spiders have eight eyes, less often six, and very rarely two. Spider eyes are much simpler arranged than insects, but in this case, nature has found its way out - this is the amount. The front, medial pair of eyes in a spider is called the main one and is not arranged like the rest, side ones. In the main eyes of the spider there is no inner shell that refracts light, but there are special muscle bundles that move the retina. Side eyes have the opposite - there is a mirror, but no muscles. Running spiders prey on sight, which is why they are much better developed than weaving spiders - the latter rely more on tactile feelings.

Returning to the topic of large arachnids, it is worth mentioning the view with a funny name banana spider . This creature is the largest of all weaving the web. The body size of a banana spider is four centimeters, and the span of the legs is 12 centimeters. Interestingly, even small birds sometimes get into the net of this predator, and local fishermen use it to catch fish (!).Of course, this is not done in the literal sense: at first a lot of spider webs gather, then a large ball is formed from them and throws itself into the water.

The banana spider, named for its yellow color and the elongated shape of its abdomen, lives in America. In general, this name means two completely different types - this Phoneutria (South and Central America) and Nephila clavipes (North America), however, in appearance they are a bit similar. Sometimes these spiders are also called Brazilian wandering because they are very active and fast in action. Banana spider is one of the ten most dangerous spiders on the planet because of its strong poison, which can cause a person very painful sensations, medical help is required. There are cases of attacks by Brazilian spiders on children, which ended in the death of the latter.

The Panamanian wandering spider, on the contrary, does not weave cobwebs and moves freely, without stopping anywhere for long. These individuals are often found in houses - boxes of food and things. This species hunts in two ways - running or jumping. By the way, this arachnid got its name also because it loves fruits, in particular, bananas. Its main diet is made up of birds, lizards, insects and other spiders, which can even exceed its size.

The largest spiders are found in us, as well as in Ukraine and Central Asia - this South Russian tarantulas . This species belongs to the family known as wolf spiders. The body size of such a spider is about 3.5-4 centimeters, all of it is densely covered with gray hairs.

Tarantulas live mainly in burrows up to half a meter deep. These arachnids feed on large bugs, but can bite a person if they disturb him. The bite will be quite painful, but not fatal.

Is there a spider in the world? Let's face it - people have a certain fear of arthropods.

If you are a victim of arachnophobia (experiencing an inexplicable fear of spiders) or you just don’t like creatures with eight limbs, or you just fascinated by these creatures , information on the largest of them is worthy of attention.

Spiders cause different feelings in humans.

Most people at least sometimes were frightened at the sight of a little spider. Imagine how you feel when you come in contact with the largest arthropods in the world!

The largest arachnids in the world are different outlines and of forms , so let's look at the 10 largest representatives of this squad, and see what we're dealing with.

It is useful to prepare yourself for possible terrible situations , so let's start from 10th place, and gradually go our way to the world's largest eight-legged monster.

10. Tegenaria parietin

There is a wall tegenaria in:

  • Central Asia
  • North africa
  • Argentina
  • Uruguay.

In England he is called the "cardinal", because there is a legend that tells about the strong fright experienced by Cardinal Woolsey when he met the brown terrible arthropod. Wall tegenaria inhabits in old buildings or caves .

The color of Tegenaria parietin is usually pale. The first segments on the front pairs of legs are colored in characteristic dark brown color more pronounced in males.

The wall tegenaria Pauchishche seems even more creepy thanks to the legs, which are three times longer than the body, which is 7.5 cm long. This rare “spider” is the largest in Europe today, reaching from 13 to 15 cm with legs spread .

Teghenaria - top runners for short distances among his brothers. They do not know how to swad their prey into a cocoon, but weave nets - thick layer of loose web , in which the insect caught is actually drowning.

Females carry an egg cocoon with them until the spiders hatch and leave it.

9. Nephila edulis

The Nephila is the Golden Spinner or Golden Silk Orb Weaver. Venom Nephilus not fatal but very toxic . Symptoms after a bite disappear only after a day.

This predatory arthropod is a relative of the fossil arthropod species Nephil Jurassic living about 165 million years ago (in the Jurassic period).

Color varies from greenish yellow to reddish, and the head and abdomen are white.

The length of the body of the female nephilus, the Golden Spinner, characterized by the ability to weave large nets, reaches 4 cm, and together with spread legs - 12 cm. The males are much smaller - together with the legs their length is 7 mm.

The view is divided into two types:

  1. jumping, pursuing prey irregularly
  2. running, able to develop a fairly high speed.

Lead nightlife hiding in the afternoon under stones or in other shelters, including in human dwellings.

They hunt insects and other arthropods, but they can also attack lizards and birds that are larger than them. Phoneutria are different addiction to bananas , for which they are called banana.

6. Hysterocrates Spider

Giant baboon spider. Per person attacks only defensively . The bite is not fatal, but causes nausea. Despite its intimidating appearance, Hysterocrates Spider does not pose a serious threat to humans, often contained as pets .

Inhabits in tropical and subtropical forests and relates to burrowing species. Color ranges from matte black and gray to orange brown. Although the legs of this tarantula are covered with hairs, there are no protective hairs on the body, like other tarantulas of the Old World.

This large spider, also known as the Red Cameroonian Baboon, whose dimensions reach 30.5 cm, 20 of which are foot lengths, is a representative of the tarantula family.

It has a nocturnal lifestyle, eats such invertebrates as:

  • crickets
  • cockroaches
  • butterflies
  • small spiders
  • small vertebrates - mice and other animals.

It kills prey by injecting poison. In case of danger:

  1. stands on hind legs
  2. takes a threatening pose
  3. slaps his front legs on the ground, making sounds resembling a rattle.

Females lay their eggs in a bag that contains hundreds of eggs. Although most arthropods kill each other due to food, brothers and sisters of this species share food live together for about 6 months, and individual individuals even subsequently share burrows and a system of tunnels.

5. Xenesthis immanis

Violet tarantula. Often contained as exotic pets despite their aggressiveness. They like to dig long tunnels and run fast. The web is not used for the manufacture of traps, stalking prey from an ambush.

Inhabiting tropical rainforests, Xenesthis immanis is found in:

Despite the awesome sight that can be seen when he eats birds, this tarantula is not dangerous for humans .

Got its name for its ability to eat birds, the purple tarantula belonging to the tarantula family reaches a length of 23 cm, given the leg span, and this is not the limit.

The main food is insects:

  1. crickets
  2. cockroaches
  3. relatively small spiders,

but can eat and:

Females live more than 15 years, the life span of males is 2-3 years.

4. Camel

Camel spider. The name "camel spider" representatives of this squad received due to the presence of a hump on the head and not because of the relationship with the camels!

In appearance, the phalanx resembles spiders, they differ in the structure of the body - the body is divided into three departments and not by two, there are differences in the structure of the limbs.

Camel or sun spiders, sun scorpions, wind scorpions, they are also phalanges - arachnid squad, numbering more than 1000 species .

Body size is from 5 to 7 cm, but some species reach 30.5 cm, taking into account the length of the limbs.

Brown-yellow body and limbs of wind scorpions cover long hairs , and the tentacles located in front resemble limbs and perform their function.

Phalanges - night predators, the diet of which includes:

  1. termites
  2. dark beetles
  3. small arthropods
  4. lizards
  5. small rodents
  6. chicks

They live in desert areas on all continents, with the exception of Australia.

All arachnids of this order are very mobile, individual individuals can develop speed up to 16 km / h .

Interestingly, with a phalanx attack chirping or piercing squeaking with friction chelicera (oral appendages) about each other.

3. Goliath Birdeater

Goliath tarantula. Like all tarantulas, the goliath has powerful fangs reaching 2 cm and able to bite through human skin . Goliaths bite only in self-defense, most often without injecting poison and the poison itself is not dangerous to humans.

Goliath tarantulas are found in the tropical forests of South America. They live in deep burrows lined with cobwebs at the entrance, and weight reaches 170 grams .

The average life span of females is from 15 to 25 years, while the life span of a male is from 3 to 6 years.

This huge spider belongs to the tarantula family and reaches a length of up to 30 cm, taking into account the length of the limbs, and the body length is 10 cm.

The goliath does not weave a complex web, preferring to sneak up quietly and attack the victim with lightning speed, paralyzing her with a bite poisonous fangs.

Diet includes:

but birds, in spite of its name, it almost does not eat.

An interesting feature of the goliath tarantula is its ability to publish friction chelicera loud hissing sounds heard at a distance of up to 5 meters.

Also, as a protective mechanism, they use red-brown hairs that cover their body. Their goliath from his abdomen shakes off towards the enemy, which irritating to the mucous membranes the mouth and nose of the enemy.

2. Lasiodora parahybana

Brazilian salmon pink tarantula. In nature, these voracious tarantulas prey on any suitable prey , including on small snakes. Usually hunt with hiding, but can move very quickly.

Despite the popularity of Lasiodora parahybana among arachnid lovers, due to the activity and unstable, often aggressive behavior, the salmon pink tarantula not recommended for beginners.

Discovered in Brazil in 1917 and found exclusively in its eastern part, a large spider reaching 30.5 cm, taking into account the length of the legs, is often kept as a pet.

Males have a slender body and longer legs, females are much larger - The weight reaches 100 grams or more. The life expectancy of females is 12-15 years.

Like other tarantulas, Lasiodora parahybana to protect against predators with its hind legs shakes off hairs , causing a severe allergic reaction, from the upper part of the abdomen, and if this technique does not work, raises the two front pairs of legs and takes an attack stance .

1. Huntsman Spider

Hunter Spider. A distinctive feature of females of this family is active defense their cocoons for eggs and hatched spiders from any threat.

The world's largest spider in Australia is also known as giant crab spider, because the legs are curved like the legs of a crab.

In length, large individuals reach 30.5 cm, taking into account the size of the legs.

For addiction to wooden buildings they are also called giant woody .

The structure of the legs allows representatives of this family to climb into bottlenecks:

  1. in the crevice
  2. under the bark of trees
  3. between logs and so on.

The color is usually patronizing - gray or light brown but many species have:

Spikes are quite noticeable on the legs, but the rest of the body is fluffy.

These arthropods are called hunters or rangers because hunting manners and because travel speeds . They are able to make big jumps.

To immobilize victims use poison, not fatal for humans . They feed mainly on insects and other invertebrates, and sometimes small geckos.

People bite only when they meet them in barns, garages and other rarely visited places.

Hunter spiders considered useful , because they destroy pests (cockroaches and so on), but their mere appearance is enough to cause a shiver even a big lover of arachnids.

Video about how big spider blows mouse

Spiders are classified as arthropods. All representatives of the species are predators, feed mainly on insects, and can eat small animals of other orders. Spiders are common everywhere. This is one of the most numerous species on the planet. Spiders of different sizes can be found: both small and large.

Top 10 largest spiders in the world

In this ranking, we have collected the 10 largest spiders. They are the most poisonous, and their appearance is frightening (from the point of view of people). Some people develop arachnophobia due to such specimens - fear of arachnids.

The spider, which is attributed to the species weaving the largest cobwebs in the world. On average, the size of females and males does not exceed thirteen centimeters. The color is yellowish-greenish, and the belly and head are white.

They are poisonous, but their poison cannot kill a person. They live in arid countries. They live no more than a year, and within a couple of days after mating they die. Cobwebs weave only females. The threads have a golden glow, so these spiders are called golden spiders. The webs are very durable, people decided to use it. In America, in the Museum of Natural History, there is a canvas created from the web of nephils.

The spiders that always live next to us in the literal sense: they settle in houses. The body length of these animals does not exceed fifteen centimeters, but because of the long eight legs, they seem much larger.

The representatives have a dull color. They are considered the best long distance runners, with their feet this is not surprising! In wildlife, they live in arid countries, choosing caves for their homes.

A species that also belongs to the most poisonous in the world, although its size is not more than ten centimeters. Representatives are very fast and extremely active. Everything would be fine, but meeting them is life threatening. They do not weave cobwebs, like many others, just do not need it. They never stay in one place for long - they wander. People from South America often find these spiders in food boxes or clothing.

The favorite food of the Brazilian spider is bananas, they simply adore them. Because of this, the second name of this animal is a banana spider. It preys mostly on other animals, sometimes birds and lizards, which are larger than it. A person will not be attacked unnecessarily, only for self-defense, but the problem is different. They like to hide, they are difficult to notice, so it is very easy to disturb them.

A spider about whose existence scientists learned relatively recently. Size may exceed twenty centimeters.

They found it in Israel, which was the reason for the name. Found it so late because of the nocturnal lifestyle of the animal. They prefer to live in the deserts. Females are several times larger than males.

A species that does not pose a great danger to humans. He will attack only for self-defense. Such an individual can grow up to thirty centimeters. It leads mainly a nocturnal lifestyle, poisoning small animals with its poison. In the daytime, he prefers to dig a mink next to the grass; he spins out cobwebs for hunting in diameter.

Because of their large size, they are popular as pets, but do not forget that they are not very friendly neighbors. It was not for nothing that they were called baboons; monkeys like to feast on these animals.

A tarantula spider whose occupation is relatively clear from the name. It lives in the rainforests. If we take into account the limbs, then the size of an individual can exceed thirty-five centimeters.

There is no danger to people, therefore they are so popular as pets. However, their stomach cannot digest exclusively a bird, they feed equally on small insects and other spiders. The web is not weaved.

04.Camel spider

A species having a certain number of humps on its head, which leads to frequent comparisons with camels, hence the name. They feed mainly on mammals.

Very fast. Reach sizes over thirty centimeters. The bites are painful. Usually the wounds go away without any consequences, sometimes it all ends in disrepair.

One of the largest representatives in the world. Size may be more than thirty centimeters. In the wild, it usually feeds on birds, lizards, snakes, small mammals and insects.

Develops fast speed, because of which the victims can not slip away. Almost the most popular type for breeding at home.

The representative, who received his name because of the large size exceeding thirty centimeters, and because of the ugly appearance with legs similar to crab claws. Females live for about fifteen years.

People are attacked only with self-defense, but it is better to avoid them. The color is brown, some individuals have red or white spots. Great jump.

The most gigantic spider in the world in history is the goliath tarantula. This species can prey on almost all medium-sized animals. Various photos and videos prove how frightening an animal can be.

In the Guinness Book of Records at the end of the twentieth century, a representative was found in Venezuela. Leg span exceeded twenty eight centimeters. At the beginning of the twenty-first century, a spider was found whose legs were longer, but the body was much smaller. For the first time, the Goliath was described by the French. Females are known to be larger than males. Their bodies are dark brown. The legs are covered with red-brown hairs.

It lives in South America. Prefers to live in burrows, the entrance to which is tightened by cobwebs. Exporting outside the country in which the spider lives is prohibited. It rarely breeds in captivity. This is the only species in the world that hunts snakes. Usually this happens: he waits for the victim, hiding in a shelter, then very quickly paralyzes with the help of poison, and then dragged away.

Although the dimensions are impressive, it is not worth attributing this species to the largest poisonous spiders. The strength of the poison is not so strong, it is enough only for a small animal, for humans it is comparable to a bee sting. Scary in this animal is completely different. At any possible danger, he turns his back to the attacker and drops special hairs from the back that cause irritation of the mucous membranes.

Poison Spider Goliath Tarantula | Poison Spider Goliath Tarantula

If you hear an evil hiss, being near the goliath, it is better to move away, he will attack soon. Such a hiss is created due to the hind legs rubbing against each other. Many fear spiders and bypass them, this is the right decision. However, do not forget that these animals can just as well be afraid of people. Do not react violently when meeting with poisonous species, try to leave the meeting place as quickly and quietly as possible. Some advise to burn all the grass in the meeting area, but do not spoil the plant world, this will not help.

The inhabitants of Russia should not be very afraid of spiders: dangerous species are not found in our latitudes, since the climate is not quite suitable for them. Poisonous spiders prefer to live in deserts or in rainforests.

It is estimated that today around the world lives about 42 thousand species of spiders. The smallest of them has a length of only 0.4 millimeters, in other words, it is completely impossible to notice it. The size of the average varies from 4 to 6 centimeters. But there are also those that are officially recorded as the largest spiders in the world.

It’s best not to meet with giant spiders, because their appearance makes it bad, therefore, people who suffer from arachnophobia Do not look at these huge insects even in pictures. Giant spiders are considered the most dangerous and poisonous, but they are also the most disgusting insects.Most of the insects shown in the ranking below are so large that they can even feed on rodents and birds. Now imagine for a second what an insect should be like to eat birds?

5th place. Purple tarantula

One of the huge spiders is the purple tarantula, which lives mainly in the forests of Colombia. It is in this place of its subspecies most in the world. The largest spider of this genus, which has been officially registered, has a length of 34.5 cm, but medium-sized individuals reach a length of 26 cm. It is worth noting that this large spider does not pose a danger to humans, only its bite is capable of cause an allergic reaction .

Distinctive features of appearance:

  • only his abdomen is covered with thick hairs, and his legs are long and down,
  • females are dark blue, purple and black,
  • males have a yellow-green color.

Goliath tarantula is the largest spider in the world. Goliath tarantula: what does the largest spider in the world look like? (10 photo)

About 42 thousand different species of spiders live on our planet. Most of them are harmless, but not members of this list. Those who suffer from arachnophobia should not look inside and take care of their nerves, because in this article we will show what the largest spider in the world looks like and what he is capable of.

A resident of Australia and America, which can sometimes be found even in Asia. The body size of males does not exceed 2 cm, females - 5 cm, but at the same time, taking into account the length of the legs, it reaches 13 cm in size of its nephil. It is very poisonous, its bite is not able to kill a person, but it will certainly cause significant damage to the body.

What is the largest spider in the world? Among those that huddle in people's homes is definitely tegenaria. Together with the limbs, its size is 13 cm, but thanks to its bizarre curvature, it seems larger. It prefers abandoned buildings, but sometimes it penetrates into residential buildings.

8. Zerbal arabian

Due to its nocturnal lifestyle, the tserbal was unknown to science for a long time. Scientists opened it to the world only in 2003. It lives exclusively in the sands of Israel, and since it is hot there during the day, it goes hunting only in the dark. According to the researchers, there are individuals measuring 20 cm.

7. Brazilian wandering spider

It is immediately included in two lists, because besides this, it occupies a firm position in the ranking of the most poisonous spiders on the planet. Sometimes it eats birds, insects and lizards, and sometimes bananas, because of which people often come across it. It only saves that the Brazilian representative of arthropods is not in a hurry to attack first.

6. Violet tarantula

It lives mainly in Colombia and impresses with its volumes - 34.5 cm. Due to its unusual color and the fact that it is harmless to humans, it often becomes a pet for those who are not interested in cats and dogs. However, you should still be careful with the tarantula, because it is often aggressive, and the hairs covering its body can cause itching or even allergies.

In the ranking of the 10 largest spiders in the world, this giant is indispensable. He earned his name thanks to the paws, which are very reminiscent of both the appearance and size of the fingers of a baboon. Hunting at night, often kills its own relatives and has poison, which can cause paralysis for many hours.

A desert inhabitant who skillfully avoids meeting with the sun and has an unusual appearance that distinguishes him from other representatives of the spider genus. On average, its size with limbs is 30 cm and, although it does not have phalanx poison, it can easily bite through human skin and cause blood poisoning.

3. Spider tarantula salmon pink

A lightning killer who attacks his victim and knocks her down in seconds. It preys on birds, snakes and other rather large, as for a spider, creatures. Another species that some breed in order to keep in the house after.

2. Crab spider

According to the photo, the largest spider in the world rejects itself.He does not have the most pleasant appearance, and the creature deserves the name thanks to its curved legs, which allow you to move not only forward, but also quite quickly sideways. Lives exclusively in Australia and does not constitute a threat to humans.

1. Tarantula goliath

- This is definitely a goliath or as it is also called Terafosa Blond. It lives in the forests of South America, weighs at least two hundred grams, together with its paws, has a size of more than 30 cm and what distinguishes it from others is fangs two centimeters long.

Spiders are arthropods that represent the class of arachnids. Representatives of this class, today, there are about 40 thousand species. They differ among themselves in the way of life, appearance, type of food. In nature, there are the most diverse types of spiders: the smallest and harmless spiders (0.37 mm), as well as the most dangerous spiders and even the most poisonous spiders in the world (up to 25 cm). And in this article we will tell you about several amazing and interesting views.

Tarantula Spider - Theraphosidae

The tarantula spider is perhaps the largest spider in the world, or rather the family of tarantula spiders (Theraphosidae). Some representatives of this family can reach 30.5 cm in leg span, such as the king baboon, black and purple tarantula. The body of tarantulas is always densely covered with long and short hairs. Body color can be either gray-brown or bright colors (red, blue, red). Tarantulas live in countries with hot climates (Africa, South America, Oceania, Australia). These spiders inhabit abandoned nests of birds and rodents or dig holes near tree trunks. Active mainly in the evening. Then they go hunting or catch a running victim nearby. Tarantulas feed on insects, small birds and rodents. These spiders breed in late summer. The female lays eggs in a spider web cocoon, which she carries and does not lose sight of. They guard the offspring, so that the released spiders from the cocoon, for some time, sit on the abdomen of their mother. But soon they begin to lead an independent life. The poison of the tarantula paralyzes the victim and decomposes its insides, then the spider sucks the contents of the victim’s body. For humans, tarantula venom is not dangerous, but rather painful. The bite site is baking, sore and swollen, sometimes acquiring a yellow color. But these symptoms disappear in a few weeks.

Cross Spider - Araneus

Crosses are representatives of the family of orbiting moths (Araneidae). They are contracted spiders of the nettles. They have an egg-shaped convex shape of the abdomen, on which there is a drawing in the form of a cross. Body color from gray to red. They are covered with long setae rarely spaced across the body and densely covered with short, thin hairs. The body length of the male is 10–11 mm, and that of the female is 17–40 mm. In the CIS and Russia there are about 30 species of crosses. These spiders are active in the evening. They cleverly weave a web where many small insects come across. Mating and laying eggs occurs in the fall. The female lays eggs in a spider web cocoon and hides it under a bark or other secluded place. In the spring, spiders come out of the cocoon. By the end of summer, a new generation of spiders is growing up, and their mother is dying. The spider is a poisonous cross, but it is not dangerous for humans. His bite is painful, but the burning sensation and swelling at the site of the bite disappears after a few hours.

Colombian Purple Tarantula Spider

The spider, whose body size reaches 8-10 centimeters, lives in the tropical rainforests of Latin America. It belongs to the group of rare spiders.

Due to the original color and peculiar hairiness, they are often kept at home as a pet, but his habits are quite aggressive, and you need to be careful, since contact with hairs can cause an allegorical reaction.

He feeds on mice, frogs, insects, hunting his victims from shelter.

Phalanx

The habitat of this amazing spider stretches from the Iberian Peninsula to the Gobi Desert.It is correct to call these arachnids, which has about 1 thousand species, a saltpug, which literally translates as "fleeing from the sun."

The dimensions of the phalanges, reaching a length of 5-8 centimeters, made them one of the largest arachnids of our planet. Large individuals are able to bite through human skin, and chelicerae, which do not have poison, can cause blood poisoning if bitten.

Another representative of a large family of tarantulas, and one of the few that people breed as pets.

They have truly gigantic dimensions of a shaggy abdomen, growing 10 centimeters and a paw span of up to 30 centimeters. This tarantula also has an original color, the black in the center gradually turns to gray at the ends of the paws.

Spider is protected by burning hair, so you need to be careful to avoid allergic reactions.

A paw span of 25 centimeters allows the crab spider to easily climb trees and crawl into the most secluded crevices. The legs of the hunter spider are curved, which is why he got such an unusual name.

The habitat of this giant among the arachnids of Australia, where he loves to hide under the stones or bark of mighty trees. Due to the peculiar structure of the legs, he can move not only forward, but also quite quickly - to the side.

An interesting fact of the habits of the crab spider is that the female selflessly, in battle, protects the clutch and offspring.

The impressive size of the spider determined its formidable and powerful name. The goliath bird eater is rightfully the largest spider in the world. The largest spider in the world has chosen the green thickets of tropical forests of the South American continent. Pouncing on its victim from an ambush, the spider plunges its sharp fangs deep into it.

The spider’s diet includes insects, amphibians, individual species of snakes, but he doesn’t eat birds, although it bears such a species name.

Below you can watch an amazing video with this beautiful and huge spider.

What is the largest spider on Earth - photo and description of the largest spiders on the planet

No scientist can say how many species of spiders exist on our planet. It is known that there are more than 42 thousand. Despite the fact that they are predators, most of them are harmless to humans. And yet people are wary of meeting them. Especially if there was a giant spider nearby. We present you the TOP 10 largest spiders in the world.

Zerbal arabian

This species of spiders became known only at the beginning of this century. They were found in the territories of Jordan and Israel. The size of an individual with outstretched paws, according to various sources, can reach from 14 to 20 cm. Cervals are usually yellow or beige in color with black spots on their legs. They are active at night, absolutely safe for humans.

Brazilian black and white tarantula

This aggressive and unpredictable spider grows up to 7-9 cm, with outstretched paws its length can reach 23 cm. From the name it is clear what color it is - black with white dots on the legs. Its habitat is Brazil, where it settles at the foot of trees or in crevices of stones. This tarantula feeds mainly on crickets and other insects, as well as small lizards and mice. He is not a threat to people, his poison can only cause allergies.

Pecilotherium of Rufilate

This tarantula spider grows up to 8 cm, and taking into account the size of its paws - up to 23-24 cm. It can be found in southeast India. Adult individuals build their nests mainly in hollows or tree branches, while young growth prefers to stay close to the ground.

Rufilata has a very saturated greenish color with yellow and dark brown spots on the legs. His whole body is covered with red hair, with the exception of the abdomen.

Like all tarantulas, he eats insects, lizards, birds, and does not neglect a small rodent. Although this spider is very aggressive, there are many who want to keep it as a pet.

Karakurt spider - Latrodectus tredecimguttatus

This is not a big black spider at all. The body of the female (10-20 mm) is completely black, from which it is also called the black widow, the body of the male (4-7 mm) is also black, but with bright red spots on the abdomen (usually 13 spots ) The spider karakurt lives in Central Asia, Iran, Afghanistan, on the shores of the Mediterranean Sea, in North Africa, Southern Europe, Kazakhstan, in the south of Russia and Ukraine. They prefer the slopes of ravines, wormwood, wasteland, banks of aryks. Karakurt populate the abandoned rodent holes and ventilation systems, covering the entrance with a web. In such dens, females and males mate in late summer. The female lays eggs in a cocoon from the web and hangs it in its den. In the spring, spiders come out of the cocoons. Karakurt eat small insects. Their poison is toxic to large animals and humans. Burning and swelling occur at the site of the bite. After 10-15 minutes, the poison spreads throughout the body and the person experiences pain in the chest, abdominal part. Also there is dizziness, nausea, sweating, palpitations, delirium. And if you do not provide medical assistance at the time, a fatal outcome is possible (in most cases). Karakurt bites the skin only by 0.5 mm, therefore, it is recommended that within 2 minutes after the bite, burn the site of the bite with a lit match.

White karakurt - Latrodectus pallidus

Image of a white karakurt

This is a white spider, with long legs and a round abdomen. The abdomen is white or milky in color, 4 indentations. Legs and cephalothorax are yellow or light brown. The white spider has a body length of 10-20 mm. Females are more than males. White spiders weave a web in the form of a cone, which is connected to a hunting network. They live in North Africa, the Middle East, Iran, Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan and Azerbaijan. The white spider Karakurt is not aggressive, but its poison is toxic and can cause complications. The effects of the poison are most susceptible to children and the elderly. Toxicological studies have shown that the poison of white karakurt is similar to the poison of karakurt (Latrodectus tredecimtugattus). In case of a bite by this spider, it is necessary to consult a doctor.

Camel Spider - Camel spider

A camel spider has many names: phalanx, bihorch, salpugi, hairdressers, barber, scorpion wind. The body (5-7 cm) is slightly oblong, light and dark red, densely covered with long, thin hairs. The body shape of a camel spider is similar to a scorpion, especially with its chelicera (claws). With them, he is able to bite through a human nail and even small bones of birds. Also, with his chelicera, he cuts hairs and feathers from his victims and puts them in his home. A camel spider lives in the desert regions of Asia, Africa, America, Europe. Phalanx spider night predator. It is almost omnivorous and carnivorous, feeds on various insects, rodents, lizards. The eyes of camel spiders are like scorpions: 2 compound eyes in the middle and one on the sides of the cephalothorax. Sophisticated eyes respond well to movement, so these spiders are incredibly fast at 53 cm / s (1.9 km / h).
A camel spider is not poisonous, but it has an incredibly painful bite. And also on his chelicera can rot the remains of the tissues of the previous victim, which can cause serious inflammation.

Colombian Purple Tarantula

This rather rare spider lives in the tropical forests of Latin America. It got its name for the bright purple color of the legs, the span of which can reach 24 cm.The body of the spider is painted black or dark brown in color, about 8-9 cm in length.

Insects, toads, small rodents and birds become its prey. For appetizer, he can also use a small spider. Although the violet tarantula is aggressive, it is harmless to humans.

Heteropod maxim

This huge hunter spider takes first place in the world in paw span - more than 30 cm. At the same time, the body of the spider does not exceed 5 cm in length.

These giants live on the Australian continent and in southeast Asia. For their homes choose caves, exfoliated tree bark, can hide under the stones.In the color of spiders, brown predominates, the legs are decorated with black spots.

Hunting spiders feed on insects, lizards, toads, and do not disdain their smaller relatives. The poison of the heteropod maxim is toxic, with a bite, a person may develop edema, severe nausea and headache.

But deaths were not recorded.

Terafosa blond

He is known to many as the Goliath tarantula. He is rightly considered the largest spider, since the length of his body can reach 9 cm, and with extended legs - 28 cm. His color is brown or reddish with a red tint.

Goliath tarantulas inhabit the South American continent. They dig holes for themselves in the ground under the trees or occupy the shelters of their defeated enemies. They feed mainly on small animals: lizards, rodents, chicks and others.

Goliath's bite is painful, but is dangerous only for allergy sufferers. Despite its nervousness and aggressiveness, this spider is a fairly popular pet.

Nevertheless, it is not recommended to start it for novice arachnophiles.

4th place. Camel spider

This type of insect got its name due to the fact that on its head there is a few humps , so he was equated with camels. These spiders prefer to eat lizards, rodents and small birds. During the hunt, he is able to reach a speed of 16 km / h. And its size reaches 30 cm along with the limbs.

It has a tan color and has tentacles on its head, which also serve as limbs. Thanks to four eyes, this view perfectly distinguishes moving objects. His chelicera are very sharp and they can easily cut through the skin and cut off the hairline from their victim. If a camel spider bites a person, then the place may become inflamed, because there is an infection on the chelicera. The habitat is Asia, North and South America, Africa and in some countries of Europe.

3rd place. Salmon pink tarantula

Despite the fact that this species is considered the largest spider, some people use it as a pet. The size of the pink tarantula reaches 30 cm and in the wild it eats small snakes, lizards and birds. Bird eater lightning fast therefore, the victim has no chance of survival. The habitat is Brazil.

Distinctive external features:

  • the head and chest are covered with a shield, which depicts a pattern in the form of a 10-pointed black star with the salmon itself,
  • at the base of the limbs that are adjacent to the body, the color is pink, and then it turns into dark gray,
  • belly and legs heavily covered with hairs.

2nd place. Giant crab spider

One of the largest and arthropod insects in the world is the crab spider, or it is also called a hunter spider. Its size reaches 30 cm and even more. He got his name because of resemblance to a crab and feature of movement. His body is gray or brown in color, sometimes the coloring may contain spots or red blotches.

The main feature of this giant is that it quickly kills the victim, and eats insects and small invertebrates. When the victim is in his paws, he immediately injects his poison, which infects the victim’s nerve cells. The poison contains a neurotoxin that can cause pain and swelling of the limbs. It attacks a person only as self-defense, but people still try to avoid him. It lives in Australia and Japan.

1st place. Goliath tarantula

The goliath spider is the largest spider in the world, because its size is more than 30 cm and it weighs 200 grams. The giant spider belongs to the tarantula family and lives in South America. And also it has a different name - Terafosa Blond . For a while, the first place was occupied by the giant crab spider, but the goliath was ahead of him not only because of its size, but also its weight.

The goliath tarantula lives in burrows and feeds on mice, birds, frogs and snakes.It is poisonous, with a bite it releases paralytic poison and acts weakly on a person. His bite can be compared to a bee sting. Fangs are located on the head. The belly and body of the goliath are covered with hairs and have a dark brown color. Males live about 4.5 years, but females are 5 times more.

Springbok Spiders - Salticidae

Jumping spiders or horse spiders are a family of araneomorphic spiders, which includes 610 genera and 5800 species. They live in tropical forests, in deserts, semi-deserts, in the temperate zone of forests and in the mountains. These are small spiders, up to 2 cm long. The body is pubescent. These spiders have a well-developed vision. They have 8 eyes, thanks to which they see 360º degrees. Spiders jumpers among themselves differ in body shape, color and range. There are such types of horse spiders:
- a golden spider-horse lives in the southeast of Asian countries, and is characterized by a long abdominal part and a large first pair of legs. The body has a very peculiar golden color. The length of the male rarely exceeds 76 mm, and the females are larger

- Himalayan horse spiders are the smallest spiders. They live high above the sea level in the Himalayas, where their only prey is random small insects that are blown onto the mountain slopes by a strong wind,

- A green horse spider lives in New Guinea, New South Wales and Queensland. Often found in Western Australia. The male has a very bright color, and his body is decorated with long "whiskers" of white color,

- a red-backed species of a horse spider to settle in relatively dry areas. The red spider is often found on coastal dunes or in oak forests of North America. These red spiders are unique in that they are able to build tubular-type silk nests under stones and on the surface of the vine,

- the species Hyllus Diardi has a body up to 1.3 cm long. Compared to other species of horse spiders, it does not weave cobwebs, therefore, for catching prey, it attaches silk thread to any support, and then jumps from such a kind of bungee to its sacrifice

- ant spider-horse looks very similar to an ant and is most often found in tropical areas from the territory of Africa to central Australia. Body color can vary from light yellow to black.

Riding spiders are unique in that they can jump long distances (20 times their body size). Before the jump, they cling to the substrate with a web (thus insuring their jump), then push their body with their hind legs. For humans, spiders are absolutely harmless. They have poison, but it does not affect a person, and their bite is almost painless.

Argiope Brunnich or the spider wasp - Argiope bruennichi

Argiope has the second name the wasp spider, as the color of the body and the shape of the abdomen resemble a wasp. Body length is 2-3 cm (leg span). The abdomen is elongated with bright stripes, the colors are yellow, white, black. The legs are long, thin, mostly in the X-shaped position. A wasp spider lives in Kazakhstan, Asia Minor, Central Asia, China, Korea, India and Japan, North Africa, Southern and Central Europe, in the Crimea, in the Caucasus. These spiders in Russia are also quite common. Argiope belongs to the spiders of the family of orbiting spiders (Araneidae). It is typical for these spiders to weave a wheel-shaped web, and in the center to have a stabilization (zigzag pattern). This is a forest spider. He very often settles on lawns, forests, gardens, in tall grass, between tree branches. The wasp spider feeds on various insects. Mating occurs after molting of the female, while the integument of her body remains soft. The female lays eggs in a large cocoon (looks like a seed box of plants) and places it next to the hunting web. Spiders leave the cocoon in early autumn and settle downwind on cobwebs. For humans, a wasp spider is not dangerous.Its venom can cause only slight redness, swelling and pain, but these symptoms go away very quickly.

Spiders Wolves - Lycosidae

Wolf spiders are a family of araneomorphic spiders, which has 2367 species. Body color is usually grayish brown. The body is covered with small short hairs. Some species reach more than 3 cm (leg span). The wolf spider lives almost everywhere except Antarctica. He prefers moist forests, meadows, hiding under the fallen leaves, stones, wood. They do not weave a web. These are earthen spiders, so they live in a hole, which inside is only braided with cobwebs. If this is a private sector, you can easily stumble upon it in the basement. If there is a garden nearby, it can easily get into your cellar. Active at night. The wolf spider hunts insects or catches those who run next to its burrow. This spider is a good jumper. He can jump on the victim, insuring himself with a cobweb. Mating takes place in the summer. After mating, the female lays eggs in a spider cocoon, which she wears at the end of the abdomen. After 2-3 weeks, the spiders leave the cocoon and crawl onto the abdomen of the mother’s sweat. So they sit until they learn how to independently get their own food. The wolf spider is not dangerous to humans. His bite equates to a bee sting, which causes itching, swelling and redness, which pass quickly enough.

Mowing Spiders - Pholcidae

This family has about 1000 species of spiders. Haymaking spiders have a small body and long thin legs. Body size 2-10 mm. The length of the legs reaches 50 mm. Body color is grayish or reddish. Spider hayfields are ubiquitous. Some species live in people's homes. There they find warm and dry places, mostly near windows. They feed on small insects. These spiders weave a large web in a chaotic manner. The web is not sticky, but when the victim tries to get out of it, it gets even more tangled. After mating, the females lay their eggs in a spider cocoon, which they attach to the side of the hunting nets. For humans, hayfire spiders are absolutely harmless. Their poison is safe, and the bite is not possible to feel.

Goliath Tarantula - Theraphosa blondi

This giant spider is considered the largest in the world. The scope of his legs reaches 30 cm. In Venezuela (1965), one of the representatives of this species was listed in the Guinness Book of Records. The span of his legs was 28 cm. It is believed that the leg span of Heteropoda maxima is even longer up to 35 cm. But this species has a small body and long thin legs. So he's small against the backdrop of a massive goliath.
The body of a goliath is light or dark brown, densely covered with short hairs. They live in burrows, the entrance of which is entwined with cobwebs. This huge spider lives in the rainforests of Suriname, Guyana, Venezuela, northern Brazil. It feeds on various insects, rodents, frogs, lizards and even snakes. The life expectancy of females is 15-25 years, males - 3-6. These spiders are amazing in that they are able to make a hissing sound, the friction of their chelicea, the ability to shake hairs from the abdomen in the face of the enemy, which cause swelling of the mucous membrane. Also, a goliath tarantula has large and sharp chelicera (claws), with which it can bite very painfully. Their poison is not dangerous for humans, the symptoms are the same as after a bee sting.

Runner Spider (soldier spider, banana, wandering spider) - Phoneutria

The Brazilian spider runner is the most poisonous spider in the world. The length of his body reaches 15 cm. The body is pubescent, gray-brown in color. It lives in Central and South America. The runner spider feeds on insects, frogs, lizards, small birds. Lives in burrows, under deciduous bedding. But very often secluded places in people's homes become his home. It is often called a banana because it is often found in boxes of bananas. These scary spiders have incredibly toxic poison that causes instant death, which is why they are the most poisonous spiders in the world.Their venom contains the neurotoxin PhTx3, which paralyzes all the muscles in the human body, causes suffocation, and then death. Between a bite and death only 2-6 hours pass. Most of all, the action of the runner’s spider venom is affected by old people and children. To date, there is a vaccine that neutralizes the action of the poison, so in case of a bite by a spider, a runner needs to urgently consult a doctor.

As you can see, the representatives of arachnids are so different: some of them are pleasing to the eye, and when others see blood freeze in their veins, some can be picked up or brought at home as a pet, and some sow fear and cause instant death. Now you know which types of spiders are absolutely harmless, and which ones you need to stay away from. The good news is that dangerous species of spiders are not found in our area, but mainly in tropical countries. But you never know what can happen ... Nature is absolutely unpredictable.

Spider is one of the most terrible creatures on Earth. Any person suffering from arachnophobia will confirm this to you. Perhaps you will say: what can be scary in such a small creature? And I will answer you with a question to the question: “in what is so small?” Look at the largest spider in the world and find out where he lives so you can plan your vacation away from this place.

Other large and dangerous arachnids

It is also worth mentioning the largest and most poisonous spider in the world. He is a Brazilian wanderer. It is characterized by aggressive behavior and its poison is highly toxic. One bite can lead to poisoning and paralysis and if you don’t immediately help a person, he will die. For this reason, they are also called killer spiders. It can reach 10 cm in length, the body is elongated, and covered with hairs.

The Brazilian wanderer never lives in one place, and therefore does not weave cobwebs. Most often they can be found in the subtropics and tropics of South America, they are in constant search of prey. They also have another name for “armed” or “banana” spiders. Because they have strong appendages and powerful poison, and they are also mainly found in banana palm leaves.

In Russia, the largest of these is the South Russian tarantula or, in other words, misgir. The female reaches 3 cm in length, and the span of the legs is 10 cm. It lives on the territory of Russia, but is also found in Central Asia. Misgir does small minks in the ground and lining with cobwebs inside. He perfectly senses vibrations and when prey approaches his mink, he immediately rushes at it and kills. The tarantula does not rush at people, but if it bites, then the pain can be compared to a hornet bite.

Conclusion

These insects are considered predatory and dangerous, and they should not be kept at home, because some individuals pose a great danger to humans. Giants will not be able to attack a person for no reason, they only defend themselves in case of danger. By themselves, they are not dangerous, but if you do not get the necessary help, then the negative consequences will follow immediately.

The most poisonous insect is black Widow , the size of which does not exceed 4 cm, but at the same time it has the most toxic poison that can kill an adult. You can recognize them immediately by the black color and red dots on the back.

Conclusion

Briefly describing the 10 largest spiders in the world, we learned what the largest representative of a huge family of arachnids looks like. You must admit that the appearance of some of them really causes fear, and among your friends and acquaintances there are probably people suffering from arachnophobia.

Spiders in the world are quite common, and they can be found in all corners of our amazing planet. Some of them carry mortal danger, while some have become pets.

Spiders are classified as arthropods. All representatives of the species are predators, feed mainly on insects, and can eat small animals of other orders. Spiders are common everywhere.This is one of the most numerous species on the planet. Spiders of different sizes can be found: both small and large.

Nefila Golden Spinner

This spider lives in Asia, Australia and South America. The length of the male nephilus-golden-worm is 10 mm, females are larger, their size is 4 cm, and with limbs all 13 cm! These arthropods are yellow-green in color, and their head and stomach are white.

Gold Nephilus Nephils are very poisonous. And although their bite is not fatal, it is capable of harming human health.

TOP 16 most dangerous spiders in the world (+ PHOTO)

Ancestors of spiders (Araneae) lived on our planet more than several hundred million years ago.

By the way, modern spiders in their genetic portrait have family ties with crab-shaped ones. And today it’s known, you can only imagine, almost four tens of thousands of species.

By the way, who does not know, spiders are not insects. They form a separate detachment, and accordingly a separate class of animals.

These creatures dwell everywhere, even in water. As a rule, they have eight legs, a pair, or even several eyes, the forelimbs are called chelicera.

At their ends are miniature claws that the predator plunges into the body of its prey, and then injects saliva through the stingers into it, which makes it possible to turn the tissues of living creatures into jelly.

After such gastronomic preparations, the spider simply drinks the victim.

Fortunately, spiders prefer insects and small animals. Representatives of the entire class are poisonous, but people should beware of meeting only with certain species. They will be discussed in this article.

Giant baboon spider

The giant baboon spider is large, some arthropods can grow up to 30 cm! However, despite this, individuals of this species are not dangerous to humans. They can attack only for self-defense.

Like most of its relatives, the baboon spider hunts, as a rule, at night. He kills his victims - various small insects and butterflies - with the help of poison.

Salmon Pink Tarantula Spider

Breeders also like to grow salmon-pink tarantula spider at home. The dimensions of this representative arthropod sometimes exceed 30 cm!

Spiders feed on poultry meat, lizards and small snakes. They have lightning speed and kill their prey instantly.

Brazilian Spider Soldier / Phoneutria

Aggressive, fast and poisonous creatures. Known as armed or banana spiders. By the way, the name is associated with the peculiarity of the animal without a web. These spiders simply do not weave it. Moreover, they are nomads, they do not stay anywhere for long. Such a traveler spider can be found not only in tropical forests, but also in huts and other dwellings.

Favorite place of shelter in the house is dishes, clothes and shoes. So, if you plan to visit Brazil, make sure that your shoe or bed does not have such a “guest”.

After all, his bite is very dangerous for humans. A person with a weakened immune system can die from a bite within 10 minutes.

If an antidote is not administered within 20-30 minutes, even an adult and healthy man can die from a bite.

By the way, on our site topcafe.su there is a fascinating article about the most poisonous insects on the planet.

Funnel spider

Funnel spiders are distributed around the world, there are more than 500 species. For the most part, the bites of these spiders do not have serious consequences for humans, but some species can pose a serious danger.

In the photo: Sydney Leukoputin Spider / Atrax robustus.

So, for example, a bite of a Sydney leukoputin spider can instantly kill a child, while an adult will suffer no more than 15 minutes ... Death occurs due to intoxication of the body and irreversible damage to the central nervous system.Primates can also suffer from a bite, while other mammals may not survive - the funnel spider venom for them does not have deadly properties and can only cause mild ailment.

The amazing spiders of Australia.

Six-eyed sand spider

Experts say that he is one of the most dangerous known to man. In addition, he is distinguished by deceit - he is able to hide in ambush, wait for the victim to finally attack her. Throw ... and toxic poison enters the victim’s body.

The favorite place of shelter are tree roots, stones, sand dunes. Fortunately, this type of spider tries to avoid meeting with a person, but if the rendezvous still takes place, it will be impossible to leave the house without being bitten.

Spider venom has the property of tearing the walls of blood vessels, and this ends with severe internal bleeding, from which you can die. Unfortunately, science has not yet found an antidote, and to date, 2 cases of death due to a bite by a six-eyed spider have already been officially registered.

Black Widow

In the photo: a female black widow guards a cocoon.

A bite of Latrodectus mactans is a serious danger to humans. These creatures are awkward and to their relatives. So, for example, females after mating eat males, hence the name - widow. Moreover, more toxic poison in females.

This type of spider belongs to the genus of the same name, which has 31 species. Not all types of black widows are dangerous.

They often crawl into people's homes in search of a more comfortable place for brood spiders. The female protecting the egg cocoon is very aggressive. She can easily bite anyone who has invaded her territory. Once in the human body, the poison provokes convulsive muscle contractions. And before the invention of the antidote, about 5% of people bitten by a black widow died.

Yes, and the male sometimes manages to escape from the female after mating!

Karakurt

It can easily be confused with a black widow due to external resemblance. But here in size Latrodectus tredecimguttatus is still larger. They prefer to avoid living nearby with human dwellings; they are distinguished by a peaceful disposition.

They only attack when they are disturbed. And this is not an attack, but self-defense. Large horned animals often become victims of this species. Cases where Latrodectus tredecimguttatus have bitten people are known.

There were even fatal bites.

Karakurt bite is very painful. The victim feels a sharp pain and burning sensation. And after 10-15 minutes, when the poison spreads throughout the body, people begin to suffer pain in the lumbar region, press, or chest. All this is often accompanied by headaches, shortness of breath and vomiting.

I wonder how the person in the photo is not afraid to keep this dangerous karakurt? Maybe he holds a dead spider?

Brown hermit spider

Living is not a very attractive creature in eastern America. A bite of Loxosceles reclusa is dangerous for humans, since the poison contains substances that can cause necrosis of the subcutaneous tissue.

Moreover, these spiders, it turns out, love to live next to people. They can be found behind paintings, skirting boards, in shoe boxes. In the Wild, you can meet them under the tree bark, in crevices or in holes.

Naturally, this meeting cannot be called friendly.

The hermits' bite is not fatal, although rare deaths have occurred. Victims describe the moment of the bite as a faint sense of a needle prick. Some people do not even notice the moment of the bite. But after some time, the poison begins to act, causing tissue necrosis near the site of the bite.

Goliath tarantula (Terafosa Blond)

Well, finally, the biggest spider in the world is the Goliath tarantula (or Theraphosa Blond). These arthropods live in South America. This representative of arachnids even has two-centimeter fangs. The body length of a goliath is more than 30 cm, and it weighs 200 g.

Due to its size and weight, Terafosa Blond is considered the largest spider on the planet. Goliaths live in burrows, feed on birds, mice and snakes. Their paralytic poison does not have a particular negative effect on people.

Tarantula

Belongs to the family of wolf spiders. Tarantula can be found everywhere where it is warm and humid. Lycosa live more than 30 years and are considered true centenarians. They feed on small mice, toads, insects. Bites are very painful, but not fatal. Often in people bitten by tarantulas, the area near the site of the bite for a few months becomes yellow.

Currently, more than 200 species of tarantulas are known.

Yellow-spider

Cheiracanthium punctorium lives in Europe, but meeting it is not so easy, as it has a shy disposition and prefers to avoid casual encounters with people. If he realizes that he was discovered, he hides in the leaves. The poison of the yellow-spider spider is very dangerous, and gradually acts on the body.

At first, a person experiences nausea and a headache, then the condition worsens. Spiders do not attack humans, but the latter can become victims by negligence. The bite is very painful, comparable to a sting wasp. After a bite, even with the introduction of an antidote, long-term non-healing ulcers and wounds can remain on the skin.

White tailed spider

Until recently, they were considered one of the most dangerous, ulcers and wounds remained on the skin after their bites. But more recently, it was found that white-tailed spiders ... are not poisonous. True, some scientists still question the results of recent studies. And daredevils, ready to check the toxicity of the bite, have not yet been discovered.

Pictured: Australian Lee Porter

There is widespread material on the Internet about how a bite of a white-tailed spider greatly ruined the life of an Australian. After a bite, a young man developed a non-healing wound, which later turned into a tumor. As a result, doctors had to remove the tumor, which spread to the Australian eye.

Mouse spider

Spiders were called such a strange name because of the erroneous opinion that they, like mice, dig burrows for themselves. The myth dissipated, but the name remains. True, spiders are still related to mice.

They feed on them, as well as other types of spiders. But nature is trying to balance everything. Therefore, it turned mouse spiders into prey for wasps, scorpions and millipedes.

The poison of these creatures is toxic to humans, but, fortunately, these spiders do not like to live next to human housing.

Today, eleven species of these spiders are known, and they are all endemic to the Australian continent.

Hairy spider

A collective name that characterizes the vernal feature of spiders rather than a specific species. However, a large hairy spider, regardless of its type, is already causing concern. Hairy spider - it already sounds disgusting!

If its poison is also toxic to humans, then it will be most correct to beware of meeting a large furry spider. However, today more and more often spiders are turned on as pets. Having created comfortable living conditions for them, owners can watch the life of predators live.

Typically, beautiful and spectacular photographs of hairy spiders depict tarantulas, tarantulas, or horses.

Spider baboon

One of the most poisonous and large spiders. Fortunately, it is not found in Russia, but lives in Tanzania, Uganda and Kenya. Spiders live in deep burrows, up to 2 meters deep, their hind legs are much larger than their front ones.

At the entrance to the hole, the spider spreads a web-network, in which insects and small animals (even snakes) are caught. Hearing the vibration of the web, when the victim was inside it, the spider crawls out of the hole and starts the meal.

Only paws remain from the victim, because the predator is merciless.

Red-backed Australian Widow

Australia is home to many different poisonous and very dangerous animals. And spiders are no exception.

The creatures' long and strong fangs are so powerful that they can bite through not only human skin, but also human nails.

Spiders attack instantly, having previously performed a ritual dance and demonstrating their fangs. The victim is paralyzed not only by poison, but also by fear of the dancing killer.

It is considered the most dangerous and poisonous resident of Australia. Its poison is filled with neurotoxins. With a bite, a person feels severe pain, from which even an antidote, which can only be obtained at one’s own expense, will not help.

Brown Widow / Latrodectus geometricus

It is assumed that the homeland of brown widows is Africa, but the first described instance lived in South America. Representatives of this species settled in many parts of the planet. Brown widow populations live in southern California, the Caribbean, and many US states on the Gulf of Mexico, as well as in Japan, South Africa and Madagascar, Australia, and Cyprus.

They can be found in residential buildings, in garages, inside old tires and under cars, as well as among shrubs and other vegetation.

The venom of a brown widow is twice as strong as that of a black widow. However, this species is not aggressive. Even with a bite, spiders do not inject all the poison they have. Nevertheless, two cases of death from a brown widow bite in Madagascar in the early 1990s were recorded.

Widow Bishop / Latrodectus bishopi

This is a rare species of black widows that live in Florida, USA. They feed on insects, and are not considered aggressive towards humans. However, bites occur when widows protect their eggs or when a person accidentally enters the web.

A red widow's bite is similar to a black widow's bite and has identical symptoms (pain, cramps, nausea, etc.). Death from a bite of a red widow is rare, as the spider injects such a small amount of poison.

Small children, elderly people and people with health problems are most vulnerable to red spider bites.

What is the largest spider in the world? TOP 10 largest types of spiders

Nature has created diverse and amazing forms. Some representatives of the animal world are attractive, and their appearance is credible, and some are frightening and repulsive.

Spiders clearly belong to the second category, and meeting with them causes panic in most people. But the appearance is deceptive, and of the 42 thousand species of spiders that live on the planet, most are harmless and pose no danger to human life and health.

Here from the entire variety of the class of arachnids we consider the 10 largest spiders in the world.

Baboon spider

The large representative of arachnids got its name because of the similarity of its long legs with the fingers of a baboon. And the spider's paws are really impressive, growing up to 30 centimeters, with a body size of 5-6 centimeters.

In the photo: a small individual of the Tanzanian thick-legged baboon spider

Because of the habitat of this unusual spider, it is also called the African tarantula. On the grayish body you can see the black dots and stripes forming the original pattern.

Like most of the arthropod family, baboons are characterized by cannibalism. When bitten, it releases poison, which, falling into the blood of a person, can lead to partial paralysis.

Giant crab spider

A paw span of 25 centimeters allows the crab spider to easily climb trees and crawl into the most secluded crevices. The legs of the hunter spider are curved, which is why he got such an unusual name.

The habitat of this giant among the arachnids of Australia, where he loves to hide under the stones or bark of mighty trees. Due to the peculiar structure of the legs, he can move not only forward, but also quite quickly - to the side.

An interesting fact of the habits of the crab spider is that the female selflessly, in battle, protects the clutch and offspring.

Goliath tarantula

The impressive size of the spider determined its formidable and powerful name.The goliath tarantula is rightfully the largest spider in the world.

Thirty-centimeter paws, a massive furry body impress even the most brave daredevils.

The largest spider in the world was chosen by the green thickets of the tropical forests of the South American continent. Pouncing on its victim from an ambush, the spider plunges its sharp fangs deep into it.

  • The spider’s diet includes insects, amphibians, individual species of snakes, but he doesn’t eat birds, although it bears such a species name.
  • Below you can watch an amazing video with this beautiful and huge spider.

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