Royal python = Python regius - its names in English: Ball python, royal python, king python. Royal pythons rarely bite, and if something threatens them, they curl themselves in a tight ball, hiding their head inside it, which served as the basis for the second name of this snake: "ball python". Its natural habitat: countries of West and Equatorial Africa, such as Cote d’Ivoire, Senegal, Togo, Ghana and others ..
A large dark spot of a triangular shape is located on top of the python’s head, and lateral eye-temporal stripes pass between the sides, between which there is a yellow stripe. Royal python is mainly nocturnal. In the afternoon he rests in natural shelters: hollows of trees, in fallen leaves, as well as in non-residential burrows of various animals. With the onset of twilight goes hunting, which can last all night. Like other snakes, royal pythons have a very sensitive, branched tongue, which they use as a sensory organ. If necessary, easily this python easily overcomes small water spaces, as it can swim well by nature.
It’s hard to visually determine the sex of the royal python. Both females and males have “anal spurs,” which resemble small claws located on both sides of the anus. moreover, males of the royal python have “anal spurs” more than females. Individuals of different sexes and sizes differ. If the females of the royal python can reach a length of up to 1.8 m, although snakes with an average size of about 1.2 m are most often found, then the males are usually smaller, their body is thinner and their heads are smaller. The body of the royal python is very muscular, and in females it can reach 10-15 cm in diameter.
Young pythons during the first three years grow by about 30 cm per year. Royal pythons become sexually mature at the age of 3-5 years. In the wild, they usually live up to 10 years, in captivity they can live to a very advanced age of 20-30 years.
The royal python is one of the most popular tropical snakes held in captivity. This is also favored by the fact that its maintenance in captivity is not a big problem. They can be kept with other snakes. When choosing a terrarium for a royal python, it should be remembered that they grow to a very large size, so the terrarium should be quite spacious, at least 100 cm long and preferably horizontal. This size terrarium for the royal python should be so that the python could from time to time freely crawl in it. Young pitchers can be kept in smaller terrariums - 20-35 liter, but after they reach 90 cm in length, they need to be moved to a larger terrarium with a transparent glass or acrylic front wall. At the same time, the perimeter of the terrarium should be no less than two times longer than the snake.
From above, the terrarium must be closed with a mesh cover so that the snake does not run away and in order to provide good ventilation for the royal python's dwelling.
As a litter in a terrarium, you can use both a plant substrate, such as sphagnum, coconut, cypress mulch, and paper towels, newspapers or well-washed clean gravel. Using sawdust as litter is not recommended.
In a royal python terrarium, it is advisable to arrange several secret places using inverted flower pots or simple cardboard boxes. For most of daylight, the royal python will rest, hiding in one of the shelters. It also fixes several strong branches that can support the weight of this python, where the snake can "hunt" at night. Choosing objects for a terrarium, it is necessary to exclude the presence of sharp corners on them.
With the content of the royal python, the air temperature should be maintained within 25-290C during the day, with a small heating zone with a temperature of 32-330C), and 20.5-23.50C at night. By placing a heating pad under the half bottom of the terrarium or a ceramic heater on top of the terrarium, you can provide the python with the necessary heating.
To maintain the optimum temperature in the terrarium, thermostats can be used. The terrarium should be placed away from the heating system, batteries, etc. objects, which can be additional sources of high temperatures.
For the royal python, it is necessary to constantly maintain the duration of daylight hours within 12 hours. At the same time, in summer, daylight hours can be increased by about 2 hours, and in winter - by 2 hours. For illumination (and simultaneous heating of the air in the terrarium), you can use the corresponding bulbs of the full fluorescence spectrum, which are located at the top of the terrarium.
A spacious pond in which the python can bathe regularly is also needed in the terrarium. Since the python is quite heavy, so the pond must be stable so that it can not tip over. The water in it should be fresh every day, and its temperature should be maintained within 23-260C. Spraying water from a spray gun in a terrarium is not recommended, since royal pythons need low air humidity, and its high humidity often leads to diseases.
What does the royal python eat?
Firstly, my python immediately began to refuse food, no matter what an extensive assortment of rodents was offered to him. He spent all daytime, buried in moss, and at night he actively crawled around the perimeter of his home. Since the animal is nocturnal, I suggested that it is better to feed it in the dark, because in order to determine the location of prey in pitch darkness, in addition to the tongue - the olfactory organ - the regius python has thermolocation pits on its upper lip.
I wished my pet a successful hunt, because it is them who have the royal python, I left a rat in the terrarium for the night, but as a result the hunt turned out to be for the python himself. The rodent so bit him that the poor guy’s whole body was like a bleeding sponge, and the snake was saved only by hiding from the aggressor under water.
Having carefully studied the special literature, I found out that in nature the royal python often does not eat for 7-8 months. Such abstinence is associated with the breeding season and the seasonal disappearance of food objects. Only in this way could I explain the reason for my pet's fasting and postponed attempts to feed him until spring.
I was not destined to calm down on this: dark brown spots appeared on the abdominal snake shields, the scales under which were strongly deformed. Comparing the symptoms with the data of the directories, I came to the conclusion that this is mycosis - a fungal disease that often affects snakes.
Photo python eats mouse
According to the instructions, I began to fight the disease with the help of fungicidal drugs, but the paradox was that nothing helped. As soon as the snake molted, all signs of mycosis disappeared, and after a month appeared again. I turned for advice to an experienced snake breeder, you can tell the founder of terrarium in Nizhny Novgorod, Oleg Rasskazenkov. After examining the snake, he suggested that this was not mycosis, but ordinary irritation, and recommended changing the substrate to paper.
Following his advice, I soon saved the royal python from torment, and myself from worries. It turns out that the sphagnum absorbs the faeces of the animal very well and neutralizes odors, but it doesn’t change its appearance, so when cleaning, I didn’t replace all the moss, but only the part that was soiled and the accumulated uric acid actively corroded the abdominal snake shields.
For this fight against "mycoses" I did not notice how spring came - so it's time to try to feed.
Running a mouse in the terrarium, I noticed that the python was interested in it, but something was hindering the hunt. Once again, having studied the literature that I have, I drew attention to the note - "hunts from an ambush." Having decided to check this, I put a 20x20x20 cm plywood box with a small hole in the center into the terrarium and the next day I experienced great joy and satisfaction, as my moody ward ate six mice in a row. Pride in the fact that I managed, found an approach to such a complex "animal" bursting. Since then, our relationship has improved.
Now I want to return to the process of snake prey feeding and note some features. The python regius begins to hunt in the evening. Having stuck his head and neck out of the shelter, he chooses a moment and takes aim, then there follows a lightning-fast throw with a grip (he always takes his head, which excludes the possibility of the rodent giving change), and then a powerful body comes in which the python rings and strangles the victim.
After the pulse disappeared from the prey, the lucky hunter draws it into the depths of his shelter and there, slowly, with the dignity of an aristocrat, swallows, as if his noble upbringing does not tolerate fuss and does not allow eating “in public”.
Since then, I began to feel like a terrarium worker, which is called "sick at the head." My house is filled with terrariums much denser than furniture. Over the years, I went through a fascination with various snakes - from imperial boas to colorful lampropeltis. To this day, far rarer and more complex snakes than the royal python live in my terrariums, but the idea of breeding precisely the pythons of the regions came to my mind only three years ago. Now I am growing two pairs as future producers.
They live separately (when kept together, these monarchs are shy and often refuse to eat) in terrariums 60x60x70 cm. I maintain the temperature with an incandescent lamp and a heat mat: during the day 29-34 ° C, at night 24-27 ° C, relative humidity comfortable for the snake -about 80%.
Climbing branches and a humidity chamber (it’s also a house) are required, as well as lighting lamps (I, for example, use luminous Repti Glo -2).
Photo of the Royal Python python radar pit
I use paper as a substrate. I change the water in a spacious drinking bowl three times a week. I feed a female and a male three years old once every fifteen days, and a year old couple - once a week, and I do not leave food for the night.
My long-term observations have revealed an interesting feature - people who come into the house for the first time, when they see so many snakes, spiders and other animals, experience a different reaction. For example, most tarantulas spiders cause fear, snakes in general are often disgusted, but royal pythons wake up a feeling of tenderness, this is the only view in my collection that many people want to pick up or at least stroke. There is something attractive, bewitching and, I would even say, “not serpentine” in it.
Royal python even in a state of fright, it behaves in a special way: it does not try to bite or urgently crawl away, on the contrary, it remains in place and turns into a tight ball (hence the second name - spherical python), hides its head in its center, as if ashamed of your actions, who scared him.
And finally, a small digression. In West Africa, in Benin, there is a python temple in which the royal ones live their free life, despite the fact that a couple of species of this genus live in those places. Locals greatly respect their pythons and, according to ancient tradition, make sacrifices in a python temple every eight years, slaughtering cattle. And, if the lion is the king of all animals, then the spherical royal python with its impeccable appearance, polite modesty in communication and aristocratic dignity in hunting and nutrition, can rightfully be called the king in the world of reptiles.
I. Lesin, Nizhny Novgorod
Journal Aquarium 2009 №3
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Comments added by:Ilya
I also have a royal python, only white. I happened to buy it from one of the breeders in St. Petersburg.
King python description
Royal pythons are one of the smallest pythons, and the length of an adult, as a rule, does not exceed one and a half meters. The reptile has a thick and fairly powerful body with a short tail. The head is wide and large, has a well-defined, noticeable demarcation from the cervical region.
The pattern on the body is represented by alternating irregular stripes and spots of light brown and dark brown staining or almost black. Attractive white trim may be present in some areas of the body. The abdominal part has a white or cream color with rare and slightly pronounced dark spots.
Royal python morphs
In captivity, through long-term breeding, numerous interesting morphological changes in staining of the skin of the reptile, resulting from various genetic mutations, were obtained and fixed.
It is interesting! The most popular morphs at home are albino, orange ghost, spider and woma, as well as platinum morphism.
Today, “morphs” with different colors and unusual patterns are very well known, as well as individuals that are almost completely devoid of integumentary scales, which gives the reptile a very original appearance.
The area of the main mass distribution of the royal python extends from the western territories of the mainland to central Africa. Pythons settle in open forest areas and in shrouds, next to fairly large reservoirs in which reptiles can cool on too hot days.
Pythons spend a significant part of the day in burrows, and the hours of greatest activity occur at dawn and dusk.
Lifestyle, enemies of the snake
Royal pythons swim very well and are willing to take water treatments. The reptile rather quickly climbs trees. The main danger to the species is represented by large lizards and crocodiles, as well as large birds, including eagles and predatory mammals. In case of danger, the python is able to relatively quickly fold into a tight ball from the rings of the body, for which it received its unusual name "python-ball" or "ball python".
Royal python at home
In recent years, more and more terrarium keepers prefer such a rather unpretentious in content and very interesting reptile as the royal python. For successful captivity, you will need to purchase a good terrarium, as well as carefully read the basic rules of care.
Before you buy a terrarium, you should remember that for the home maintenance of the royal python, a fairly spacious, preferably horizontal dwelling is suitable. Terrariums with a volume of up to 30-35 liters are optimally suited for young individuals. Older pythons need to provide a "room", about one and a half meters long, equipped with a translucent front wall of glass or acrylic. A prerequisite for proper maintenance is the presence of a mesh cover that can provide high-quality ventilation of the entire internal space.
Important! The minimum size of the terrarium for baby pythons can be approximately 40x25x10 cm, and for adult royal pythons the "home" cannot be less than 60x40x20 cm.
The optimal bedding will be cypress mulch, as well as paper towels or the option of artificial substrate "Astroturf". Do not use wood shavings or sawdust. It is very important to equip a large number of secret corners under the snags, branches or relatively large, but not sharp shards, inside the terrariums, where the reptile will hide throughout the daylight hours.
Care and maintenance, hygiene
The standard temperature regime for keeping the royal python should be 25.0-29.4 ° C during the day. In the heating zone, the temperature can be at the level of 31-32 o C. At night, the temperature in the common area should be reduced to 21.0-23.4 o C. For additional heating, a heating pad or a modern ceramic type heater can be used.
Important! A spacious and very stable pond with a water temperature of 22.0-26.0 ° C for swimming reptiles should be created in the terrarium. Water should be replaced daily.
During the day, daylight lamps with a power of 60-75 W are used for lighting, located in the upper part of the terrarium. It is necessary to maintain a certain regime of daylight hours, which is approximately twelve hours. In the summer, daylight hours can be increased by a couple of hours. It is not recommended to spray water from household spray guns in the presence of an artificial pond. High humidity often causes many diseases of the royal python.
Royal python diet
The reptile of this species belongs to the category of carnivores, therefore, even in captivity, the diet should be represented by relatively small mice, small-sized rats, hamsters, as well as chickens or quails. Food should be pre-euthanized and frozen.. Immediately before feeding, the food must be thoroughly thawed at room temperature.
The frequency of feeding should be focused on the age of the pet, and it is also necessary to take into account the temperature of the keeping, the size of the prey and the level of activity of the reptile. As a rule, young and active individuals receive food a couple of times a week. Adult royal pythons are recommended to be fed approximately once a week.
It is interesting! It should be remembered that a species feature is the predisposition of the royal pythons to obesity, so the quantity and quality of feed must be carefully monitored.
In winter, especially in conditions of low temperatures, pythons eat little and reluctantly, or even refuse to eat for several weeks in a row, which is not a sign of illness, but refers to the physiological characteristics of the reptile. Females expecting offspring do not feed until they are laid. It is necessary to feed pythons in the evening hours or after dusk. The reptile should always have clean fresh water in its access area.
Snake Disease Prevention
Big problems can occur if a home python does not eat for more than one month.. In this case, it is necessary to strictly control the weight of the reptile, and with its significant reduction, feed the pet by force. As a rule, pythons for a long time refuse to eat because of stomatitis, the presence of which can be determined by a careful examination of the mouth of the reptile.
In addition to stomatitis, the royal python is prone to the following diseases:
- dystonia - a disease associated with a violation of the laying process, and accompanied by an egg stop in the genital tract,
- exhaustion of various genesis and severity,
- prolapse of organs from the cesspool,
- acute or chronic respiratory syndrome,
- cryptosporidiosis is a protozoan disease accompanied by significant depletion of the reptile.
Compliance with the rules of detention and timely prevention, can minimize the risk of diseases of the royal python, and also prevent the development of serious complications.
The royal python reaches puberty at the age of three years in natural conditions, and one and a half years - when kept in captivity. The breeding season is from the first decade of September to mid-November. The female’s pregnancy lasts about a month and a half, and the incubation period takes about two months and occurs at a temperature of 32 ° C.
There are no pronounced differences between males and females. A comparative visual inspection allows us to note a longer tail with a thickening in the area of the cloaca in males. Females have a relatively short tail and a complete absence of thickening. The claw-shaped vestiges in the anus in males are more powerful and longer. Females are distinguished by a rather powerful physique and large size. The length of the body of the born baby pythons is 41-43 cm, and the body weight does not exceed 46-47 g.
Before the onset of molting, the royal python has a characteristic clouding of the eyes, on which a very peculiar and clearly visible film forms. At this time, it is necessary to increase the humidity level inside the terrarium. It is allowed to supplement the diet of the reptile with special vitamin complexes.
Buy royal python - recommendations
The best option is to purchase a royal python bred in captivity. Buying captive-bred reptiles is not capable of harming the natural python population. Among other things, reptiles born in captivity have no problems with acclimatization and quickly get used to new conditions of detention.
Where to buy, what to look for
Inexperienced terrarium keepers can be advised to purchase a movable young python. Such a reptile should not be infected with parasites, and any scars, abrasions or injuries should not be present on the skin.
In the process of choosing a royal python, you must first pay attention to the appearance and fatness of the reptile. It should have age-appropriate weight, as well as adequate muscle tone. You can not get home pythons that look dehydrated or have residual effects from the previous molting period. It is advisable to experimentally test the ability of the reptile to eat independently.
Royal python price
To date, the market for royal python offers is slightly behind the demand for this unusually beautiful and unpretentious reptile. The cost varies depending on the rarity, gender and age of the morph:
- female royal python morphs Calico, weighing 990 gr. - 15 thousand rubles,
- female royal python of the Spider morph, weighing 1680 gr. - 13 thousand rubles.
The price for males is usually about 5-10% lower than for females. Responsible breeders will always advise buyers on maintenance issues, as well as provide information support, which allows inexperienced lovers of exotic reptiles to avoid serious mistakes.
Royal pythons are some of the smallest pythons that inhabit our planet. The owners of such a reptile note that even adult pythons of this species are not poisonous and non-aggressive, they are very easy to get used to and quickly become tame. The reptile does not bite, and in the event of a threat it simply collapses into a kind of tangle. It is the royal pythons that are best suited for keeping beginners and inexperienced kipers.
Royal pythons can live not only in small plastic terrariums, but also quite large and voluminous "houses", the design of which can become a real decoration of any interior. Many terrariums adorn the royal python's dwelling with tree branches, vines, various shelters and decorations. The reptile responds positively to the addition of the terrarium with original lighting or small artificial decorative waterfalls.
16.02.2018 years acquired the Royal python (lat. Python regius). Girl, 55 cm. The last feeding was 02.15.2018. The royal python is approximately 4 months old.
20.02.2018 a live mouse has been proposed. Either it was proposed incorrectly, or else there was stress after the move and onet refused it.
22.02.2018 the pitonikha did not show proper activity and she was again offered a live mouse. She coped with grief in half
26.02.2018 one mouse came out.
Total: for two months two mice.
23.03.2018 noticed to molt.
28.03.2018 on the night of the 27th to the 28th she very well shed a whole stocking. Refuses to eat.
31.03.2018 There was an idea to give the runner and immediately after it freeze. Not a ride. The runner ate, refused to freeze. Will have to re-transfer to freeze.
Total: one slider and molt.
07.04.2018 ate a live mouse. starting from the 1st day, a live mouse was offered almost every day. 5-6 mouse was not offered. 7th ate)))
16.04.2018 ate a live mouse almost from her hand. While I accustom her, there is a mouse that doesn’t wander freely, but with a hand.
20.04.2018 ate a live mouse almost from her hand. Attacked when the mouse hung (held by the tail). The mouse was knocked out of the hand, the mouse fell on it. As soon as the mouse turned its face towards it, the mouse was attacked and eaten. I am glad that I entered the normal diet - every 4-5 days. Eats without sliding from a branch.
23.04.2018 - cried. Break from February 26th. almost two months.
29.04.2018 The mouse killed, but did not immediately eat. Spat out. although she sucked her head. Stumbled and ate a live mouse. He never eats from his hand. It is necessary to release the mouse. The snake does not hunt. Waiting for the mouse to stick itself in her nose. Only after that he eats.
Total: 4 mice, which is very small for this age Royal python.
05.05.2018 - cried.
07.05.2018 - The same trouble. The mouse killed and for a long time crawled around it trying to grab it by the ass, then by the side to start eating. It took 15 minutes from the moment she killed and began to attach herself, before she swallowed the tip of the tail.
12.05.2018 - suggested the mouse. Half an hour, zero reaction. At first, at least she turned her head in his direction, then they each began to live their own lives. It was decided to rescue the mouse. The snake on the "adrenaline" did not want to climb with his bare hand. He tried to drive the mouse in the opposite angle from the snake. Python regius has already begun to show interest in me. The python’s head was covered with a disposable paper towel. A mouse climbed under the same towel. After waiting a bit, he removed the towel. It was fucked up. Regius is attacking me, and a mouse is hiding behind his "back". In general, began to try to extract the mouse. The mouse rushed around the terrarium like crazy, I tried not to get attacked by the python. When the mouse, running away from me, touched the python, the python politely bit it for its thighs. From this, the mouse completely died out and began to squeeze into all the cracks and hide in them. In the next run past the python was attacked. Timeline: A mouse with a python spent about 30 minutes. After that, I started trying to catch a mouse. The mouse drove for about five minutes around the python, after five minutes the mouse soaked the python, but quickly lost interest and went about its business for about 10 minutes. After 10 minutes, he returned to the mouse and swallowed. It took another five minutes. uhhhh ...
14.05.2018 - the beginning of molting. it was noticed that the eyes seemed to begin to cloud. In the evening he set up a house. By morning, she was in it and did not crawl out until the end of the molt. 05/12/2018 gave her a “water bath” (wetted the whole coconut with water. Humidity jumped to 80% and a couple of days slowly dropped to 70%)
20.05.2018 it was noticed that the house was budged. As a result, the pythonic and shed and pooped and pee, lay away from the feces. A mouse was immediately offered, which was eaten without much thought.
24.05.2018 it seemed to me that in the eyes of the royal python longing and supplication give a mouse. Gave a mouse. The mouse began to sniff the python, but was immediately eaten. It looks like the royal python is entering a normal diet.
Total: 4 mice.
04.06.2018 - cried.
18.06.2018 the runner born with us left for dinner. She ate almost immediately as soon as he ran to her.
20.06.2018 fed another runner. The feeling that she does not want to eat adult mice. But earlier she ate them.
25.06.2018 finally ate a mouse that was bitten back in early May. The mouse became a scientist and constantly wound circles on the terrarium from the python. I hadn’t left him for more than 30 minutes before. Now it was clear that the python was interested in him, and I decided to leave the mouse to a victorious end. The mouse drove itself to a branch under the very ceiling. I was afraid to jump from such a height, but not backward, because a python crept up to it on a branch. The python attacked an already driven mouse, but it was not convenient to grab. After several attempts to swallow, he dropped the mouse, but caught it by the tail. He twisted it one more time and tried again to swallow. In this he dropped the mouse again, but he could no longer catch it. Without getting down from the branch, it hung to the ground, grabbed the mouse better immediately by the head, climbed up with it on the branch and swallowed for a long time. After 20 minutes, the mouse was over. It seems that adult mice don't like her like runners. She swallows them very hard.
27.06.2018 literally a day after eating an adult mouse, a slider was offered. I went very well, as expected.
30.06.2018 there was a feeling that the royal python would soon begin to molt, but it was not believed that so quickly. Little time after the last molt. He didn’t offer food, although it was probably time. The feeling that the royal python eats little for his age.
Total: three runners, one mouse.
02.07.2018 eyes darkened. He brought the humidity up to 70-77% (it is winding, depending on the external conditions), set up a shelter. Immediately into the shelter did not climb, climbed onto a branch.
07.07.2018 molt, pooping
08.07.2018 adult mouse. I killed right away, then I very much adapted to eat. He didn’t clean the mouse, but ate by morning.
12.07.2018 - a mouse from the litter that was born with us. Adult, but not the largest. Attack without getting down from the branch and dropped several times, trying to swallow. But she ate quickly, without any problems.
17.07.2018 - an adult mouse. I ate for the first time in the morning at 10:30. Usually I feed in an hour after the lights and heating in the terrarium turn off. Python at this time is the most active, but then Agrippina sprawled something in the morning, decided to feed, ate.
21.07.2018 - poop
24.07.2018 - adult mouse
30.07.2018 - young (the size of an adult mouse) Dzungarian hamster
Total: 5 KOs (4 mice + young hamster).
06.08.2018 - adult mouse
10.08.2018 - adult mouse
13.08.2018 - an adult mouse. Fed mother
16.08.2018 - poop. A break of 26 days. five mice were eaten during this period
19.08.2018 - previous feedings after 3 or 4 days. On the sixth day, a mouse was offered. They refused to eat. In order not to get into the habit of refusal to eat a trace. feeding will be on the 24th or 25th (11-12 days after the last feeding). You may have to give two mice in a row or on the same day or with a break of three days.
23.08.2018 - an adult mouse.
Total: 4 KO
12/22/2018 - one mouse
Python is about a year old. This is where I finish writing such a detailed diary. I think that this was the most interesting - how it eats, molts, poops the python, when you just took it home still very small. It is already easier with teenagers, and even by this time you will already know by your chami the habits and characteristics of your pet.
02.22.2018 - live mouse (7 days)
02/26/2018 - poop
03/27/2018 - molting
03/31/2018 - live runner (37 days)
04/07/2018 - live mouse (7 days)
04/16/2018 - live mouse (9 days)
04/20/2018 - live mouse (4 days)
04/23/2018 - poop (56 days)
04/29/2018 - a live mouse (9 days)
05/05/2018 - poop (12 days)
05/07/2018 - live mouse (8 days)
12.05 - live mouse (5 days)
05/20/2018 - molting (54 days), pooping (15 days), live mouse (8 days).
67-68 centimeter. (3 months increase
05.24.2018 - live mouse (4 days)
06/04/2018 - poop (15 days)
06/18/2018 - runner (25 days)
06/20/2018 - runner (2 days)
06/25/2018 - adult mouse (5 days)
06/27/2018 - runner (2 days)
07/07/2018 - molting (48 days), poop (33 days),
07/08/2018 - adult mouse (11 days).
07/12/2018 - adult mouse (4 days)
07.17.2018 - adult mouse (5 days)
07/21/2018 - pooping (14 days). Weight 373 grams.
07.24.2018 - adult mouse (7 days)
07/30/2018 - a young (the size of an adult mouse) Dzungarian hamster (6 days)
08/06/2018 - adult mouse (7 days)
08/10/18 - an adult mouse (4 days)
08/13/18 - adult mouse (3 days)
08/16/2018 - pooping (26 days).
08/23/18 - adult mouse (10 days)
09/03/2018 - molting (58 days), poop (18 days), live mouse (11 days)
09/06/2018 - mouse (3 days)
09/21/2018 - two mice (15 days)
10/10/2018 - Dzhungarik (19 days)
10/15/2018 - one mouse (5 days)
10/30/2018 - one mouse (4 days)
11/03/2018 - molting (61 days), poop
11/04/2018 - one mouse (1 day)
12/22/2018 - one mouse (48 days)
Royal Python (Python regius)
Royal Python (Python regius) - Spherical python, ball python. They got their name for the ability to fold in a tight ball in case of danger with the head in the center.
Average body length 100-150 cm.
It is found throughout Africa. This is an animal with a forest type of habitat. Inhabits tropical rainforests and woodlands.
Features of behavior. Climbing trees well, half-tree lifestyle. Hunts in the morning, night hours. During the day, hides in shelters with high humidity (burrows, driftwood, fallen trees). Swims well, can be in water for a long time. In case of danger, they can curl up, make an attempt to escape or attack with a bite.
Life span - up to 20 years.
Puberty achieved in 2-3 years. In terrarium, it can come earlier - in 1.5-2 years. The breeding season is September-November. Pregnancy is 44-54 days. The number of eggs in the clutch is 1-10.Incubation for about 55 days at 32 ° C.
Gender differences males and females do not exist. A comparative examination in males shows a longer tail, with thickening in the cloaca. In females, the tail is somewhat shorter and without thickening. Both sexes have claw-like rudiments at the anus, which in males are more powerful and longer. Females have a more powerful physique and larger sizes.
Feeding. They are carnivorous snakes. Hunting is carried out from an ambush by a sharp ejection of the head from a folded state. Swallow the prey alive. These snakes feed on small rodents and birds. Multiplicity for adults 1 time in 8 days, young 1 time in 5 days. Together with feed, it is necessary to give mineral supplements for reptiles 1 time in 2 weeks.
Content. Is required horizontal type terrarium. Heated upper and lower. Temperature Range day 28-30 ° C at night 22-26 ° C. In a basking place up to 33 ° C. Of equipment needed water (of such a size that the snake could fit completely), shelves, snags, shelters. Soil is optional (rubber mats, paper or other neutral surfaces can be used). Spraying once a day, with a lack of moisture - installation of a fog generator or automatic humidifier. Daylight hours 10-12 hours. Need to install ultraviolet lamp with UVB coefficients of 5-8%.
Diseases and treatment of royal python: