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Heat stroke in horses

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In addition, the litter, if it is not perfectly clean, quickly heats up. Remember how gardeners make compost ?. Ammonia fills the stagnant air and poisons the lungs of the animal.

Maintain optimum temperature in the stable. The room should be well ventilated. If it is still stuffy and hot in your stable, even with open doors and windows, invite a ventilation specialist or engineer from the construction of the stables. He will be able to give some practical advice on how to make the room more comfortable for horses.

Tips for horse lovers what to do during the summer heat.

1. Choose the coolest time for work and horse rides, early in the morning or late in the evening. If possible, provide the horse an overnight stay on the street. Keep in mind the fact that in the summer the grass burns out and loses its beneficial qualities, take care of the addition of additional feed and vitamins to your horse’s diet.

2. Take care of the presence of shade in the levadas for walking the horses. An ideal option would be a canopy. Trees are a wonderful source of shade, but as the sun moves, so will the shadow, or even disappear altogether. Make sure that, regardless of the time of day, there are constantly shaded places in Levada.

3. The movement of air in the stable. The fan is a great way to supply fresh and cool air. The main thing is that the fan should be correctly installed and working to move hot air out, and not just create air circulation inside the stable. Always adhere to safety regulations! Install the fan where horses cannot reach the wires and sockets.

4. Water the horse. Moisture will be absorbed through the skin, while cooling the body. If you have the opportunity to install a water spray system, then use it. Continuous spraying is much more effective than single hose spraying.

5. Provide your horse with constant free access to fresh and cool water. In drinking bowls on the street, you often need to change the water, since standing in the sun, the water stagnates and heats up, and the horse loses interest in it. If the horse does not want to drink even clean water, then offer her a salt block or soak her hay in salt water. If the horse is sweating profusely, add electrolytes to the horse, which will help restore the loss of minerals and keep the body in balance. But do not forget about clean water, since a large amount of electrolytes can be harmful to health.

6. Change the operating mode. With the horse running regularly at noon, do not be surprised that with the onset of heat of 30 degrees, your training will become less effective. Horses, like humans, can hardly stand the heat. But still, if you need to work out the horse in the sunshine, try to facilitate the work. Take more breaks per step and reduce the load. This is especially important in high humidity, which makes the horse difficult to breathe. In order to cool a horse, you can invite her to drink a little cool, but not cold water, during breaks. Be careful, do not drink the horse, which is very hot, let it cool and step back. After work, wipe the horse with a damp sponge dipped in cool but not cold water.

7. Follow the schedule. When trying to cool a horse, be careful not to change the horse’s normal mode, do not use all means for cooling at once. A sharp change in the mode or an excess of cold water after work can provoke colic. Use the advice judiciously.

8. Avoid sunburn. Horses, especially gray, can get sunburn. Horses with white socks, pink noses and hairless spots from scars are very sensitive in the sun. During walking, put on a lightweight mosquito blanket on the horse, which will help protect the horse not only from sunlight, but also from insects. In addition, applying sunscreen to particularly vulnerable areas will also give a good effect. However, it will be most useful to avoid a long exposure to the sun. (Keep in mind: if the horse has an excessive tan, this may indicate rare liver disease.)

9. Shave horses with long hair. Especially horses with Cushing's disease. The horse’s long and dense coat, as a rule, retains heat in the body and does not allow it to cool normally. Be careful not to cut your hair too short, as the coat protects the horse from sunburn and other external factors.

10. Listen to the horse to avoid heat stroke. Heat stroke can occur at any time when the horse is running at a high temperature and even when just standing in a hot stable.

Signs of heat stroke.

- heart palpitations, the rhythm does not recover during the control period of time,

excessive sweating or lack of sweat,

- body temperature keeps above 39.5 degrees ° C

If you notice that the horse is suffering from heat stroke, contact your veterinarian immediately and place it in a cool place!

The Pennsylvania School of Veterinary Medicine (Penn Vet) is a global leader in veterinary education, research and clinical care. Founded in 1884, Penn Vet was the first veterinary school to be developed jointly with the medical school. The school is a full member of the movement "One Health", linking people, animals and the environment.

Etiology

The cause of the pathology is the long stay of animals in unventilated rooms with elevated temperature and humidity.

As a rule, heat and sunstroke occurs when animals are transported over long distances in inappropriate containers, in cramped spaces, without forced ventilation, especially during the hot season. Heat stroke is also possible in bags intended for transportation of small animals if they are not used correctly.

Violations of heat regulation are also frequent when animals are driven in large batches in sultry times over long distances and at a fast pace.

Thermal shock occurs in newborn calves in violation of the operating regime of heat cabinets with excessive drying and poor ventilation.

The predisposing factor may be crowding of animals, the absence of watering, diseases of the cardiovascular system and lungs.

At a high air temperature, the body's heat regulation is disturbed, and the general body temperature rises. An increase in blood viscosity leads to venous congestion and the development of pulmonary and cerebral edema, as well as the development of hypoxia. Hyperthermia leads to an acceleration of the breakdown of proteins, which entails an increase in the amount of residual nitrogen. What follows is inevitable auto-toxicity.

The animal organism during this period tries to use the mobilization of compensatory mechanisms, which in turn is manifested by the clinical picture.

Symptoms

If overheating is not long, then there is a thirst, an increase in body temperature by 1-1.5 ᵒС. The animal shows signs of anxiety, agitation, further oppression. With further aggravation of the process, the animal loses its ability to quickly and adequately respond to external stimuli (insect bites, shouts, noise, other individuals). The gait becomes insecure, shaky. The animal is covered with sweat, while the pulse and respiration are significantly faster.

With an asphyxical form, weakness progresses, the animal weakly holds on to the limbs, tries to lie down. In this case, rapidly developing cyanosis of visible mucous membranes, severe sweating, tachycardia, and vomiting in dogs can be observed. Developing cardiovascular disease leads to asphyxiation.

If the body temperature rises by more than 2 ᵒC, then the hyperpyretic form of heat stroke is diagnosed. In this case, a very weak filling of the pulse is recorded, but a frequent, pounding heart beat and not uniform breathing. During auscultation of the lungs, crepitation sounds are heard, and a foamy outflow may appear from the nasal openings. With this form, the response to a physical pain stimulus is disrupted. The phases of excitement and oppression develop at lightning speed and pass into each other, the pupils expand. The animal falls into a coma and dies with the phenomena of clonic convulsions.

The convulsive paralytic form is manifested by nerve symptoms. A sharp violation of coordination of movements and clonic convulsions cause the animal to fall. Body temperature in this form can be within normal limits or slightly increased, followed by death.

Dogs respond to elevated ambient temperatures with increased breathing, palpitations, and redness of the mucous membranes of both the oral cavity and the conjunctiva. Over time, the mucous membranes become dry, the dog begins to worry, stomp on the spot. Body temperature rises, shock and death sets in.

In industrial conditions, poultry reacts very quickly with death to an increase in ambient temperature. Thirst intensifies, the bird opens its beak wide, the crest and earrings become cyanotic, throws back its head, dies in convulsions.

Diagnosis

Diagnosis is based on anamnestic data (elevated temperature conditions, lack of ventilation) and clinical symptoms.

The disease should be differentiated from acute infectious, highly contagious (anthrax) as well as brain diseases.

With a timely diagnosis and assistance provided, the prognosis of the disease is favorable.

Treatment

Therapeutic measures should begin with a quick elimination of the causes that caused the heat stroke. Animals are provided with clean drinking water, horses are freed from harness.

For large animals, the area of ​​the head and chest is doused with water or a rag dipped abundantly in cold water is thrown on them.

Intravenous administration of glucose solution, subcutaneously caffeine, is indicated. In case of a violation of cardiac activity, cordiamine is used.

Horses are bled with the introduction of calcium chloride.

For dogs, enemas with cool water are made to regulate temperature indicators. Intramuscular injections of dipyrone have been shown.

Prevention

Strict adherence to the rules for keeping and transporting animals will prevent overheating of animals.

Constant access to clean drinking water, limiting your stay in direct sunlight, preventing crowding is the basis of prevention.

When driving animals for long distances in the sultry time, it is necessary to choose morning and evening hours for movement, avoiding the midday sun.

In production houses that work with forced ventilation, it is necessary to constantly monitor the smooth operation of the devices.

All types of examination, vaccination and treatment of your pet, including emergency care and hospitalization of your pet.

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