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History and standards of Russian Toy breed


If you want your new pet to have all the advantages you decide to make a four-legged friend, then you need to know the breed standards.

Today there are various types of toy terriers, but most of the characteristics are inherent in all dogs of this breed.

Toy Terrier - an elegant dog. Harmonious and dry build is inherent in all representatives of the breed, this is their important distinguishing feature.

A well-defined head and large rounded eyes give the dog a special charm. According to breed standards, toy terrier ears should be erect. Halls are allowed, but are considered a defect. Nevertheless, for domestic terriers, perfect adherence to the standard is not mandatory, because of this, they will not love her less. In all dogs, the transitional line from the forehead to the muzzle is weakly expressed.

The hind legs of the toy terrier are parallel and set wider than the front. Forefeet with steep metacarpals, small and neat.

The movements of the dogs are graceful. A short step creates a slight difference in silhouette when moving, and in a static position.

The tail is thin and usually set quite low. Frequent tail raising is undesirable for this breed.

The classic toy terrier is a shorthair dog, but there are exceptions. In a long-haired toy terrier, the body is covered with a small wavy coat (3-5 cm). A distinctive feature of this type of toy is fringe on the ears and tow on the legs.

General characteristics of the toy terrier breed

Toy terrier is one of the smallest breeds. The maximum weight does not exceed 3 kg, according to the established breed standards. Mini toy terrier, in turn, rarely reaches even two kilograms. If we talk about females, then usually they weigh more than males, and the difference can reach up to 500 grams. This is not surprising, since especially small girls are not allowed to reproduce.

It is worth clarifying that English toy terriers are usually larger than other lines and may well reach a weight of 5-6 kg.

As for life expectancy, this breed can really be called a long-liver. With proper care and good nutrition, life expectancy is from 10 to 15 years. Some survive even up to 20 years, but this is rare. Remember, it is your care, proper education and the necessary knowledge that will become the determining factors in the quality and longevity of your pet’s life.

The character of the little toy terrier has nothing to do with its size. This is really a restless dog, which will give odds to many "giants", despite the miniature size. It is rare to find a more faithful and cheerful breed than that.

Russian long-haired toy terrier and other species of breed

Today there are a lot of different colors of toy terriers. Despite the fact that chocolate options, tan and combinations of red and black are considered standard and acceptable colors, this does not play a particularly important role if you are not going to attend exhibitions. There are a lot of pinto, spotty and marble colors, which are considered non-standard and are not recognized by dog ​​handlers, and nevertheless continue to be popular with the owners. This once again confirms that no standards are indicators for choosing a pet.

Breed history

“What is the history of the breed of Russian toy terrier? They say it's an ancient breed? ”

Answer: This is indeed so. The roots of the breed "Russian toy terrier" date back to the time of the English Middle Ages, when the first mention of the "black and tan terriers." These dogs were appreciated, first of all, as fighter rats. In this matter, they had no equal. Connoisseurs of this breed of dogs organized competitions among terriers for the extermination of rodents. After the prohibition of this kind of fun, terriers acquire a new status as a companion dog and a new name - "toy terrier" (from the English toy - "toy"). In the 19th century, toy terriers came to Russia. It is in this country that work is beginning to improve the breed and reduce it. That is why over time that terrier get the name "Russian toy terrier"

"Why is the breed called" Russian toy terrier "?"

Answer: Once in Russia, the breed began to develop along a slightly different path. The October Revolution left a terrible mark in the history of the breed: a lot of toys were unable to get through this turbulent time. In addition, the breed standard was almost lost. Its restoration begins only in the 50s. But the “iron curtain” of the USSR did not allow establishing ties with Western specialists. This led to the development of a new standard for toy terriers, which led to the emergence of a new breed - the “Russian toy terrier”.

Standards breed "Russian Toy"

“It seems to me that before in the classifier of breeds there was no separate breed“ Russian toy terrier ”, but there were just terriers. Is it so?"

Answer: The domestic breed Russian Toy Terrier was approved by the 2000 standard. At that time, she combined long-haired and short-haired toy terriers in the third group FCI - "Terriers". And in 2006, to the general joy of the breeders of that terrier, they were singled out as a separate breed belonging to the 9th group according to FCI classification - "Decorative breeds" under the official name Russian Toy.

“What documents fix the standard of the Russian Toy breed? And what is a “breed standard” in general? ”

Answer: A breed standard is a set of distinctive features and characteristics inherent in a given dog breed, which is mandatory for all dogs of a given breed. Deviation from the standard may be called defects, defects or disqualifying defects. Standards and defects are fixed in FCI standard No. 352 of 02.21.2006.

"What height are allowed at the withers and weight for a Russian toy terrier?"

Answer: according to the FCI standard, the height at the withers of 20-28 cm and weight up to 3 kg is considered acceptable for the Russian toy terrier.

"What standards are defined for the head, limbs and torso of a Russian toy?"

Answer: According to FCI standards from 2006, the head should be small, the skull high, but not wide with a pronounced transition from the forehead to the muzzle. The muzzle should be dry and pointed with a small black or matching tone nose, dry lips, large bulging eyes. Ears should be erect and set high. Neck - long, slightly curved, dry. As for the body, the top line should be flat, the back should be straight, the withers should be pronounced, the croup should be somewhat rounded and slightly inclined, the chest should be deep, not wide, slightly inclined, and the stomach should be tucked up. The forelimbs should be slender and dry, when viewed from the front - straight and parallel. The hind limbs when viewed from the rear are straight and parallel, set slightly wider than the front. All joint angles should be sufficiently pronounced. You can read more about the requirements for the breed in the article on pedigree characteristics and standards of toy terriers on the Mini-Dogs website dedicated to decorative dogs.

"What color is considered acceptable for that terrier?"

Answer: For a Russian toy, according to the standards enshrined in FCI, the color black and tan, brown and tan, blue and tan, as well as red of any shade with black or brown tint or without them, is considered acceptable. In any color, more saturated tones are preferred.

“What deviations from the norm are considered by specialists to be shortcomings, and which disqualifying defects?”

Answer: According to FCI, the disadvantages of the Russian Toy breed are:

  • Straight bite or alveolar incline of incisors,
  • Semi-permanent ears. If it is caused in a long-haired variety by weighting with their hair, then this is permissible, but undesirable,
  • The presence of bald patches in the shorthair variety,
  • Too long or too short hair on the body of a long-haired variety,
  • Small white marks on the chest and fingers,
  • Colors black, brown, blue, black, zoning, excessive tan, and also dark tan,
  • Height at withers is more than 28 cm.

Disqualifying defects are:

  • Aggressiveness,
  • Head in chihuahua type,
  • Snack, overshot, lack of fang,
  • Hanging ears
  • Short-legged,
  • In shorthair - bald patches in large numbers,
  • Longhair - lack of decorative wool on the ears, curly,
  • White color, white spots on the head, stomach, above the metacarpus, large white spots on the chest and throat, the presence of tigers,
  • Growth more than 30 cm.


    • Skull: high, but not wide (width in cheekbones does not exceed the height of the skull), rounded when viewed in profile.
    • Transition from forehead to muzzle: distinct.
  2. Front part:
    • Nose: small, black or to match the color.
    • Muzzle: dry, pointed, slightly shorter in length than the cranial part.
    • Lips: thin, dry, close fitting.
    • Jaw teeth: small, white, scissor bite.
    • Cheekbones: flat.
    • Eyes: rather large, rounded, slightly convex, widely and directly set, dark. Eyelids are dark or to match the color, tight fitting.
    • The ears: Large, thin, set high, upright.

Long, dry, high set, slightly curved.


  • Top line: smoothly descends from the withers to the base of the tail.
  • Withers: slightly pronounced.
  • Back: strong, straight.
  • Loin: short, slightly convex.
  • Croup: slightly rounded and slightly sloping.
  • Chest: deep enough, not very wide, oval in shape.
  • Bottom line: Abdomen tightened, groin matched, form a smooth and beautifully curved line from chest to groin.


  1. Forelimbs: Slender and dry, when viewed from the front - straight and parallel.
    • shoulder blades: moderate length, not too oblique.
    • Shoulders: approximately equal in length to the shoulder blades. Shoulder angle approximately 105 degrees.
    • Elbows: directed strictly back.
    • Forearm: long, straight.
    • Wrists: dry.
    • Metacarpus: almost sheer. Paws: small, oval, arched, in a lump, directed forward.
  2. Hind limbs: When viewed from the rear - straight and parallel, set slightly wider than the front. All articulation angles are sufficiently pronounced.
    • Hips: with dry and well-developed muscles.
    • Drumsticks: equal in length to the hips.
    • Hocks: with sufficient angles.
    • Metatarsus: set upright to the ground.
    • Paws: arched, slightly narrower than the front.


There are two varieties: smooth-haired and long-haired.

  • Smooth: the coat is short, tight-fitting, shiny, without undercoat and bald patches.
  • Longhair: the body is covered with a moderately long (3 - 5 cm) straight or slightly wavy, adjacent hair, not hiding the natural contours of the body. The coat on the head and front of the limbs is short and tight. On the limbs from the back, clearly marked tows. On all paws, elongated silky hair, completely hiding the claws. The ears are covered with thick and long fringe hair. In adult dogs older than three years, the fringe should completely obscure the outer edges and tips of the ears. The hair on the body should not look disheveled or too short (less than 2 cm).


Any deviation from the above characteristics in the standard should be considered as a defect or defect depending on the severity.

  • Straight bite or alveolar incline of incisors,
  • Semi-permanent ears. If it is caused in a long-haired variety by weighting with their hair, then this is permissible, but undesirable,
  • The presence of bald patches in the shorthair variety,
  • Too long or too short hair on the body of a long-haired variety,
  • Small white marks on the chest and fingers,
  • Colors black, brown, blue, black, zoning, excessive tan, and also dark tan,
  • Height at withers is more than 28 cm.

Disqualifying Defects:

  • Aggressiveness,
  • Head in chihuahua style.
  • Snack, severe overshot, lack of fang.
  • Hanging ears
  • Short-legged,
  • In shorthair - bald patches in large numbers,
  • Longhair - lack of decorative wool on the ears, curly,
  • White color, white spots on the head, stomach, above the metacarpus, large white spots on the chest and throat, the presence of tigers,
  • Growth more than 30 cm.

Note: Males should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum..

The wisdom of feeding toy terriers

Toy terriers are miniature, energetic and cute dogs that easily find a common language with people, are friendly and cheerful. But so that the baby feels good, does not get sick and delights others with his well-groomed and healthy appearance

Buying a Russian toy terrier in Moscow is easy. Harder to grow it

If you are planning to buy that terrier in Moscow, then you should know what the puppy should be like, what documents should be with him, and where it is better to buy a Russian toy puppy. This small, but useful article about small dogs of domestic breeding will help you figure it out.

Caring for a Russian Toy Terrier

So, your family has replenished with a little friend. Now you have a small dog - Russian Toy Terrier. And of course, you are primarily concerned about how to properly care for your beloved toy or toy. Grooming a small dog is not very difficult (with the possible exception of Yorks), but still requires certain skills and knowledge. Let's look at everything in detail.

Important notes about Russian Toy

Interesting and informative information about Russian Toys for the owners of these wonderful dogs, but also for everyone who is interested in this decorative breed. A brief description of toy terriers, which your puppy cannot be accustomed to from the American Krysalov to the Russian aristocracy, a long road to recognition, as well as other interesting facts from the history of that terrier, you will learn in this article.

Dog for real men

No, this is not about fearless amstaffs and not about powerful rottweilers. The dog, which will be discussed, is not at all for those who, at the slightest danger, are going to hide behind the dog’s tail, and certainly not for those who, for the sake of their fun, are ready to substitute their friend in a bloody massacre. This dog is for real men, for those who appreciate true friendship and devotion, who are ready to fend for themselves, have a delicate taste and sense of national pride.

Russian toy terrier - what you should know about the breed

Dog adaptability is very high. This means that the pet easily adapts to a new place of housing or living conditions. It gets along well with all family members, including other animals.

In terms of grooming, the dog is not moody. Shedding is not noticeable for the owners, especially in the case of shorthair representatives of the breed. Grooming and other procedures most likely you will not need. The character of the pet is extremely gentle. He is dependent on the care and attention of household members.

The breed also needs contacts with other pets, loves games. The best friends of animals can be called cats that suit them in size and temperament.

Despite its miniature size, the dog still needs walks and physical activity. It should be given to this for about half an hour daily, then the health and mood of the toy terrier will be at its best.

Miniature pets have a developed mind, they are predisposed to training, but training must necessarily be accompanied by praise and delicious rewards.

The guard and watchdog qualities of the breed are poorly developed.And the size of the pet does not allow him to become a brave defender of the house. Terriers get along well with children. You can not worry that during the game the dog will harm the baby.

The nuances of proper care:

  1. eyes and ears - for the prevention of diseases, wipe them with a wet swab weekly,
  2. paws - wipe the limbs with a damp cloth every time after a walk, claws should be regularly cut,
  3. parasite control - treat the pet's hair once every several months with appropriate means (frontline, advantix). Once every six months, it is necessary to carry out the prevention of worms using tablets or drops,
  4. things - The breed is whimsical in terms of accessories. Terriers love comfort and need their own playpen, toys and bones. And in the winter, the pet should have a real wardrobe for going out for walks.

Recommended Diet

If we are talking about natural cuisine, then it should consist of protein, vitamins, plant substances and minerals. Only in this case, the nutrition will be balanced and will benefit the pet. The main recommended products for toy include the following:

  • mutton,
  • beef,
  • poultry meat
  • beef offal,
  • eggs
  • low-fat varieties of fish,
  • fresh vegetables (zucchini, cucumbers, carrots, peppers),
  • porridge - only rice and buckwheat,
  • low-fat dairy products.

“Meat dishes” should make up a good third of the pet’s diet. The remaining percentages are divided between vegetables and cereals. Let's give dairy products as a reward. They really like cheese and cottage cheese.

Terriers are not demanding on the variety of food, so you should focus on its quality. If you introduce a new product in the dog’s menu, add the ingredient in a small amount and gradually. This will reveal the presence of a possible allergic reaction without causing harm to the animal.

Be sure to use vitamin supplements to your diet. A real taboo in nutrition is any kind of smoked foods, sweets and spicy foods.

Choosing a Russian Toy Terrier puppy and its cost

It is recommended to buy pets that have reached the age of 2 months. Pay attention to the puppy being active and fussy, eyes and nose should be clean, odorless. This is a confirmation of the health of the baby. The cost of a puppy depends on its class: the show class is the most expensive (from 600 dollars), puppies of a pet class will cost in size 300-500 dollars.

The history of the origin of toy terriers

Toy Terrier is an old English breed of dog, which, according to the FCI classification, belongs to the third group of terriers. Some unknowingly confuse them with a Russian toy, but these are different breeds of dogs.

English Toy Terrier is a subspecies of the hunting Manchester Terrier, but small in size. It was intended for hunting game and badgers. But just in spite of its dimensions, the character of the dog is far from decorative, but rather, this is a serious dog ready every minute for adventure and danger.

In the Middle Ages, because of the beliefs of the Inquisition in Europe, almost all cats were destroyed, because of this a large number of rodents appeared in European cities. Therefore, an honorable mission to exterminate rodents and protect their owners fell on the fragile shoulders of that terrier.

With time breed of toy terrier began to develop and multiply, which allowed the terriers to be brought up not only by the inhabitants of the palaces, but also by simpler people. Which, in turn, began to find representatives of the breed a more practical application.

Those terriers were considered a rather expensive and valuable gift, which was given to many high-ranking people of that time. For example, Peter the First had the terrier that was presented to him as a gift. It is an interesting fact that the stuffed dog is still kept in the St. Petersburg Zoological Museum and apparently for the past four hundred years, the breed has not changed much.

Interesting fact: The toy terrier was officially registered in 1920. It was then that dogs of this breed ceased to be considered part of the Manchester Terriers. The first name sounded like a black and tan terrier. And the breed got its modern name only in 1962.

They became toy terriers only in Europe, since in America their numbers were so small that they again began to be considered Manchester terriers, which sowed confusion among the breeders of the breed.

Toy terrier - breed description

Dogs of this breed are small in size and playful. The animal is nimble, but at the same time quite adequate. The breed is one of the smallest dog breeds. A dog with an ideal body structure is able to move very quickly, and also has good hearing.

The body of that terrier, although small, but very slender, muscular without any sign of fatty deposits. Even if you overfeed the animal greatly, there is only a small chance that it will get fat.

Interesting fact: Toy terriers are included in the category of decorative domestic dogs. Only comfortable conditions are suitable for keeping a pet. In this case, the dog does not have to be taken outside.

The weight of an adult toy terrier is 2 kg, although sometimes larger individuals are found. Dogs, which are rarely taken outside, will weigh more than an individual who regularly spends time in the fresh air. A good balanced diet and a vibrant active lifestyle will help that terrier keep his body in good shape.

The average height of a dog is 25 cm. In general, the breed does not set strict standards for dog size, small deviations from the norm do not contradict the rules. Today there are toy terriers of various colors, but the most popular is the dark color.

The breed standard provides for the presence of smooth-haired dogs and long-haired. Smooth representatives are more popular. As a rule, the tail of the dog stops, starting from the second vertebra. At the same time, the breed standard allows for an uncropped tail that the animal holds straight.

The dog’s nose is black or a hue. The eyes are large, slightly convex, set far apart. The ears are large and set high.

Popular colors of toy terriers

Today you can meet that terrier of any color, the breed standard allows this. Initially, dogs of this breed could be painted in only one shade - black and tan. That terrier could not have other colors of wool, otherwise the dog was considered culling.

With a clear selection of the basic shades of wool, you need to pay attention to the following colors:

  • Chocolate,
  • Black and tan
  • A variety of shades of red.

Also popular are the blue, lilac, isabella colors of the hair of that terrier. There are cases of the birth of puppies with the most unexpected shades of wool. Even the breeders themselves are surprised at the results obtained in the end and continue to experiment in the direction of breeding toy terriers with unusual colors.

However, veterinarians prohibit such experiments, as a result of which animals are born that do not even live up to the age of five. The most fashionable colors among admirers of this breed are blue and lilac. In such a performance, that terrier looks extremely unusual.

Interesting fact: Brown, red, black or chocolate representatives of this breed are recognized as classics, therefore, are also in great demand.

To obtain a brood of blue color, breed breeders at the genetic level try to weaken the black color of the coat, which is unevenly distributed throughout the hairline. It is because of the intermittent distribution of the pigment that such an unusual result is obtained. In addition, puppies with unusual coat colors may appear completely unexpectedly. So, there was a case of crossing a fawn smooth-haired female and a ginger long-haired cable, which resulted in a purple puppy.

The character and habits of toy terriers

A graceful and small animal is distinguished by courage and fearlessness. There is more than enough energy for this breed, all day it can spin like a spinning top. Fortunately, even in the apartment she has enough space to roam.

That terrier is especially attached to its owner, but it is wary of strangers. Hunting blood flows in the veins of the dog. Therefore, despite its tiny size, the dog is a good guard. The dog’s hearing is very sensitive and the animal quickly responds to all extraneous sounds and notifies the owner about it.

A dog of this breed will be an ideal companion to a person of any age category and social status. It is ideal for both people who love walking and busy people who do not have the opportunity to walk for a long time. The dog will be happy to accompany the owner during the walk. And if necessary, he will sit all day at home, and will relieve the natural need in a tray.

A cheerful good natured character is inherent in that terrier throughout life. The best dog for an apartment today simply does not exist. Every minute she will give joy and love to her master and members of his family, but she will not bring much trouble. This is probably why every year the breed’s popularity is only growing.

Sometimes minor problems can occur while walking when meeting unfamiliar dogs. The toy terrier considers himself a strong dog, so he boldly pounces on animals many times larger than himself. Even the shepherd can envy the fearlessness and courage of this dog.

A toy terrier is a characteristic pet that is easily offended and can clown when the owner teaches or punishes him. The pet loves caring and tenderness, which it is also happy to give to the owner.

The dog gets along well with children of any age. Never mind playing with them, so it’s easy to get along with them on the same territory, however, like with other animals.

Interesting facts about that terrier

Despite the fact that the breed of that terrier is quite young, rumors about it go around the world.

The most interesting facts about the breed:

  1. Two types of toy terriers, smooth-haired and long-haired standard of the breed, united under one name the Russian toy terrier,
  2. Today you can meet a toychik of the most unpredictable color, for example lilac. In the sun, the dog’s coat plays in various shades,
  3. The toy terrier is the representative of the smallest dogs on the planet, but at the same time it is not the smallest dog. Some adult dogs of this breed weigh only 600 grams,
  4. Often this breed is confused with a chihuahua. Dogs are visually similar to each other, but with a detailed examination, you can immediately see the differences between the breeds: weight, height, skull structure,
  5. On average, that terrier gives birth to only 3 puppies at a time,
  6. A dog of this breed can be taken with you on a trip, as representatives of this breed are allowed to fly on an airplane and ride any form of transport. The hotel also has no problems with checking in with them. The main thing in the journey is to hold the pet in its arms, where it will feel completely safe,
  7. Toy terriers are calm and balanced animals, so the trembling and fear of the dog may be the result of any mental disorder of the animal. A healthy animal never faints and feels confident,
  8. A dog of this breed can not be bathed. It’s enough to wipe her hair with a damp cloth,
  9. That terrier does not need regular walking. It can be constantly kept in the apartment, for this it is easy to accustom it to the pot.

Pros and cons of toy terriers

The main advantages of the breed include an attractive pet appearance. It is the appearance of the cute creature that causes the girls to choose this dog as companions. Children also love the toy because of its small size, it is easy to play with it, and most importantly, it is not at all scary.

Interesting fact: Due to its compact size, the dog is an ideal pet for keeping in any apartment. In addition, the animal is quite unpretentious. Can handle the need for a tray.

To meet the pet's food needs, a minimum of feed is needed. You can buy even the most expensive food for a dog; in any case, it will not be very expensive for the owner. One of the advantages of the breed is its easy learning. The dog is easy to train and teach different teams. Even a child will be able to train a dog on their own.

That terrier is a standard of devotion and fidelity to the owner. If you need to make a good friend - you need to get a toychik. Along with the positive characteristics of the breed, a number of disadvantages can be noted. The main thing is the fragility of the skeleton. Due to increased activity, the dogs themselves are endangered. Dogs of this breed often have injuries, dislocations, and fractures when walking.

Dogs of this breed are prone to frequent illnesses. Therefore, dog owners are regular customers of the veterinary clinic. Because of his fearlessness, the toychik is ready to flattery in a fight with a dog of any size, not understanding all the danger. The result may be an injury to the animal.

Miniature pets are very cold in the cold season. Without warm clothes, you won’t go out with them in the winter. Dogs cannot be alone; for a long time they cannot be left alone. A watch without a master can cause mental disorders in a pet.

That terrier does not like strangers, treats them with caution. Therefore, often the host's guests are provided with a frivolous sometimes even aggressive reception.

Breeding Toy Terriers

Breeding small dog breeds is very difficult.

The main problems that arise when breeding toy terriers:

  • Heavy bearing
  • Difficult birth
  • Identification of optimal partners for mating.

To knit toy terriers, you must responsibly approach the choice of partners. Recently, cases of the appearance of dogs with epilepsy, which is transmitted only at the genetic level, have become more frequent. The cause of the disease is the uncontrolled connection of the pet, when the owner takes an unverified individual into the dog’s partners, which may be the carrier of the disease.

Breeders recommend breeding toy terriers using inbreeding. It is this method that allows you to save all the necessary qualitative characteristics of the breed. In this case, only members of the same family are used for mating.

The first mating in the bitch of that terrier should happen only when she gains the required weight of at least 1.5 kg. Mating must be carried out after 14 days from the beginning of estrus. The dog’s behavior will tell the owner when to conduct it.

A pregnant bitch needs to ensure a comfortable existence and a complete diet. It is advisable to pay more attention and care. Childbirth in this breed is problematic. May be accompanied by complications. Therefore, it is desirable that they pass under the supervision of a veterinarian.

The owner should seek help from specialists if a pregnant dog:

  • Too worried
  • Refuses food and drink,
  • Whines
  • Trembling a lot.

When puppies are born, they immediately need to provide comfortable conditions. For this, it is necessary to maintain warmth and dryness in their “nest”.

Care for that terrier

That terrier does not require any special personal care. It is small, does not take up much space and is quite unpretentious. But, nevertheless, there are rules that the owner must adhere to. Be sure to have a pot, bowl, playpen and pits. These are four things without which that terrier will not feel comfortable.

And so the care of that terrier is dictated by the physical and anthropological data of the dog. Do not put the necessary things for the dog too high, as this is traumatic. Do not let the dog outside without warm clothes in the cold season, as this is fraught with freezing and subsequent diseases.

In terms of hygiene, too, everything is quite simple. First of all, you need to periodically wipe the eyes and remove the accumulated in the corners of the eyes discharge. This is easy to do with a cotton swab moistened with water.

The ears of that terrier are open, and there are practically no problems with them, but they still need to be cleaned once a month, but only the outside visible part is not allowed to be climbed inside. The claws of that terrier must be cut as necessary.

The problem area of ​​the animal are the anal glands. After a certain time, they overflow, which creates severe discomfort for the dog, and for the owners a rather unpleasant smell from the pet. This problem can be solved by pressing the thumb and forefinger on the bottom and sides of the anus.

Interesting fact: That terrier is a shorthair dog without undercoat, which means bathing is often unnecessary, just wipe it with a wet rag.

Like any dog, those terriers benefit from outdoor walks, even small runs for the proper development of the dog. The place for walking should be quiet so that the dog feels comfortable. It is not recommended to walk the dog on a leash, since, due to the weak skeleton, the dog may develop spinal curvature.

In order not to get sick with a number of diseases, such as plague, rabies, hepatitis, a dog must be vaccinated. Puppies are vaccinated at two months and at seven, and an adult dog is vaccinated once a year.

Toy Terrier Diet

Both a puppy and an adult dog can be fed either with natural food or with special dog food. But in any case, you need to choose only one type of food, mix food and ordinary food is strictly prohibited. Vitamins and crusts are necessary for any type of nutrition.

With self-cooking, special attention should be paid to the puppy's diet, since only good nutrition will ensure the growth and health of the baby. Proteins, minerals, vitamins and fiber must be present in the dog’s daily diet in a balanced amount.

Important fact: The dog must be given: meat, fish (boneless), offal, cereal, dairy products, eggs, vegetables and fruits.

The puppy needs to be given milk, but it is better for an adult dog to give fermented milk products instead (3 times a day). Milk is poorly absorbed by the body of an adult dog. For the puppy to grow fully, he needs calcium, which is contained in sufficient quantities in cottage cheese. Therefore, it is necessary to give cottage cheese to a puppy.

Of porridge, it is better to give buckwheat, rice, oat and wheat. Vegetables can be given both raw and boiled. It all depends on the taste preferences of the pet. In the diet of that terrier, both chicken and beef can be present, and it is better to cut it into small pieces.

Veterinarians categorically prohibit giving those terriers of any age fried, smoked, salted, canned or seasoned food. Such food is dangerous for the pet's liver. But sweet can harm the pet’s not very healthy teeth. Nuts are also not advised to give the dog.

When choosing ready-made feeds for feeding that terrier, preference should be given to premium feeds, an economy class is extremely undesirable. Cheap feeds can cause allergies in the animal.

Diseases and Health Problems

First of all, the toy terrier breed has problems with the skeletal apparatus. Also, quite often there are problems of an ophthalmic nature with teeth, and a variety of allergic reactions. The remaining diseases are acquired by the animal as a result of improper care.

Since the toy terrier is a rather small dog, it cannot be allowed to go outside without cold clothes, otherwise hypothermia can occur, followed by kidney and respiratory tract illness

An allergy can be either acquired or hereditary. The reaction can be absolutely for everything: from food and drink to flowering plants and insect bites, or simply to the chemistry that is used to care for the animal.

The teeth of the terriers are quite a problem place. This breed has a predisposition to abnormalities when changing chewing organs. That terrier has the same number of teeth as dogs of the largest breeds, only due to physiological characteristics they have a small jaw and weak chewing muscles. This means that during the period of replacing milk teeth, the ears of molars simply do not fit on the jaw and begin to form a second row of teeth.

The toy terrier is a fun and very mobile dog, because of this, injuries to the limbs often occur, as they are quite long compared to the body, especially when it comes to puppies. It is worth controlling their running and jumping. Also, some diseases of the skeletal system are hereditary. You should pay attention to this when choosing a puppy, because necrosis of the femoral head, dislocation of the patella can be transmitted to him from his parents.

Important fact: That terrier also has a genetic predisposition to eye diseases such as cataracts and conjunctivitis.

One of the most serious diseases that can only be controlled surgically is atlantoaxial instability. This is a disease of the spine, in which the vertebrae shift and pinch the spinal cord, causing severe pain to the animal and making it impossible to move. Fortunately, the symptoms are quite obvious and there are many, which allows you to detect the disease at an early stage and prevent it.

Toy terrier - price and how to buy

Acquiring a dog should be taken quite seriously. Getting a puppy is better than an adult. After all, it can immediately be accustomed to a convenient way of coexistence. To accustom to the family and children that he adequately responded to them, was not afraid of them and simply became part of the family. Of course, you can get an adult dog, but then it will be a mature dog with its own character and habits that may not fit into the usual mouth of the owner.

A puppy for purchase should be considered at the age of one and a half to two months, when all the pros and cons of the purchased pet will already be visible.

There are certain rules that should be followed when choosing a puppy:

  • Character. At the age of 1.5 - 2 months, puppies already have traits of character, which means that you just need to choose the one that you like,
  • Friendliness. It is worth lending a puppy a hand and follow its reaction. The one that runs up first, and is considered the friendliest,
  • Appearance. The puppy should be clean, well-groomed. The coat is shiny and even. The eyes should not leak, and under the tail should not be any signs of indigestion,
  • Activity. The puppy must be active and agile. Apathy and lethargy are signs of the disease.

The breed of the toy terrier is quite common and popular throughout the world, which means that finding a kennel will not be difficult. Prices for puppies depend on the place of purchase and variety of the puppy.

It is no secret that puppies of thoroughbred dogs are divided into varieties, namely puppies without the right to participate in exhibitions and breeding, purebred puppies, but with external breed mismatches, and puppies are potential champions. The choice depends only on the purpose of the purchase and on the amount. If the dog is taken for himself and the owner without champion ambitions, then it will cost around 13,000 rubles. But the child of champions and the potential king of exhibitions will cost 30,000 - 40,000 rubles.

Toy Terrier This is a unique breed of dog. Her representatives are distinguished by a cheerful disposition and devotion. Lovely creatures will not only be a good companion at home, but will always be happy to accompany their master. You need an unpretentious and good-natured dog, then you should think about this breed. The dog can not only give the owner love, but also provide protection as much as its miniature size allows.