Ainu (Hokkaido Inu, Ainu Ken, Hokkaido dog, Hokkaido) - a detailed description of the dog breed, photos, videos, features of the content and the history of the breed
Photo: Ainu (Hokkaido Inu, Ainu Ken, Hokkaido Dog, Hokkaido)
- Country of origin: Japan
- Classification: Group 5: Northern sled dogs, spitz, primitive Section 5: Asian spitz and related breeds
Raising Ainu is quite difficult. And the point is not at all that it does not lend itself well to training - quite the contrary, Ainu learns any commands very quickly, it does not need to repeat anything twice. The fact is that Ainu is a dog by nature and by its nature is very strong, strong-willed, brave. Therefore, the character of the dog must always be controlled. The upbringing of the dog should be strict, without concessions. If the Ainu understands that the person who deals with her is weaker than her, she will not take him for a master. It is almost impossible to re-educate or convince a dog of this breed.
The color of these rare dogs is monotonous: black, gray, white, brown, red or tiger: stripes are located along the black, red or white background.
Height at the withers: males: 48.5 - 52 cm, females: 45.5 - 48.5 cm. Weight about 25 kg.
The gloomy and seemingly slightly offended appearance of Ainu makes it look like an Akita Inu, which is considered in Japan as a symbol of happiness and prosperity. Outwardly, Ainu resembles some Scandinavian Spitz and is very similar to Akita Inu.
Ainu is a great watchman. He is always on guard and will not allow anyone to take himself by surprise. In addition, he is a passionate hunter and hardy athlete. The strong features of this breed are explained by the fact that Ainu was bred specifically for hunting large predatory animals in the mountains. Ainu is now, as in ancient times, used to hunt large animals.
A distinctive feature of Ainu is their amazing ability to navigate the terrain. These dogs are very well suited for search jobs.
The service is a pleasure for dogs, therefore, it is necessary to constantly set before it any tasks that it will be happy to perform.
Often dogs of this breed can be seen in various dog sledding championships.
Serious physical activity is constantly needed to maintain fitness and hunting skills.
The dog combines the qualities directly opposite at first glance: ferocity and gentleness, understanding and aggressiveness, endurance and sensitivity.
Courage, strength, the ability to navigate well in any weather conditions, vigilance, self-confidence are the indisputable advantages that attract the attention of dog lovers to Ainu.
But with all its positive qualities, hokkaido has a complex and controversial character: with all its external calmness and poise, unexpected aggressiveness and even ferocity can awaken in it if it does not like something or someone. As the saying goes, "there are devils in a quiet pool," therefore, in raising this dog, a special approach is required. After all, just like us, all dogs are different, and each of them has only its inherent zest and flavor, which distinguish it from hundreds of other breeds.
The content of the animal is unpretentious, but it is not recommended to keep the dog in urban conditions.
Ainu wool needs constant care - it needs to be washed and brushed with a hard bristle.
Ainu will never offend a child. Therefore, you can safely keep the animal in the same house with the kids. But she does not get along well with other animals.
A healthy dog, almost never gets sick.
It is important that the owner controls the nutrition of the Ainu and maintains its weight at the same level.
History of the origin of the breed
Ainu - one of the oldest breeds of dogs, bred by Ainu - the ancient inhabitants of the Japanese island of Hokkaido, in 1000 BC Ainu used their hardy and dexterous dogs to hunt a large beast, most often a bear. Thanks to these brave four-legged hunters, many other Japanese dog breeds were born, with the best qualities inherited from the Ainu.
The dog was bred specifically to hunt with her. At the same time, people were interested in not just hunting, but only safari on wild and large animals. At the same time, the dog had to hunt not just in the forests, but in the real mountains. This can explain all the useful qualities of Ainu - and strength, and fearlessness, and loyalty, and endurance. Without these advantages, a dog simply could not become a true friend and a permanent companion in every hunt of ancient people. Despite the fact that the Ainu is not large in size, but rather an average dog, it is not afraid of more than one predator, wild animals are not afraid of the hunter with it.
This breed also distinguished itself during the war - it helped in the pursuit and detention of escaped prisoners, but, unfortunately, after the war a large number of these brave dogs were exterminated, and only a few animals were left for breeding in the imperial court.
Ainu are recognized as the national treasure of Japan, their export outside the country is prohibited.
The standard was approved in 1982.
The position of this breed is currently unstable, the number of dogs is quite small, this situation threatens the complete disappearance of the breed in the near future.
A cute fox-shaped muzzle of a wedge-shaped shape, erect triangular ears, a high-set tail and a medium-length tail curled up, wide-set eyes of an unusual triangular shape make the dog's appearance bright and memorable.
Coat of moderate length, protruding, with undercoat. These dogs are muscular, strong, have a strong skeleton.
Ainu still continue to amaze people with their abilities! And why? Yes, because there is no more interesting, strange and special dog. Sometimes it can be cruel, fierce, and it seems that there is no more evil beast in the world. But all this is only in relation to enemies. Because for its owners it is the most affectionate, the kindest, the most tender pet in the world.
Ainu dog is very smart and intelligent. This combination is rare. The fact is that Ainu can understand its owner literally at a glance. Moreover, in cases of danger, the dog is very aggressive, hostile, and to calm her is not so simple. She will not obey any of the people. There is only one authority for this dog - the owner. And only he will allow herself to lead.
Ainu is a very sociable dog with incredible sensitivity. She will always feel what mood the owner has now. He is alarmed or joyful, upset or calm. This dog is infinitely loyal, which, if it has already accepted and loved a person, is forever.
Maintenance and care
In order to keep this dog in the apartment, it must be very well raised from the very first months of life and kept in strictness. The dog is very affectionate and kind to the owners and all members of the family, however, if not brought up, it can get out of control.
Dogs of this breed need physical activity, so most often these dogs are used to protect the territory or hunt.
Origin of breed
A hardy and loyal Hokkaido dog is used as a guard, sled, hunting, and faithful companion. The oldest breed of dog Hokkaido (Hokkaido, Ainu Dog) or Ainu-ken came from Japan and now belongs to endangered species. Therefore, representatives of the breed are prohibited from being exported from the country and they rarely live outside their homeland.
Hokkaido is considered a national treasure of Japan. The breed standard was registered in 1982. Dogs lived on Hokkaido a few millennia ago and helped the local Ainu people hunt. They were named after the region of origin.
Over the years of harsh life, they have acquired endurance and are not afraid of the cold, snow and storm. Due to their strength, they slaughter bears and foxes in the rocky mountains and dense forest. Excellent orientation on the ground made them indispensable helpers of man. They will never go astray and come home.
With a change in lifestyle, people began to value these animals less, choosing more flexible, with a soft character.
A Hokkaido dog is of medium size and proportionate, muscular physique. The proportion between the height at the withers and the length of the body is 10/11, and between the length of the head and muzzle is 3/2. The dog has a strong skeleton with a direct contour of the back and well-developed chest. A strong, muscular neck has no suspension.
The shape of the head is triangular, with a wide and flattened forehead. The line of transition to the wedge-shaped muzzle is clearly defined. The straight back of the nose ends with a black or brown colored lobe. Wide-set, almond-shaped eyes of a dark brown color of small size. Their gaze is compared to the fox in cunning and unpredictability.
- Erect, triangular ears set high. They are small and slightly tilted forward.
- The jaw is strong with a scissor bite. The lips are thin, black, as if painted.
- Muscular, straight limbs in parallel. Strong hind limbs have strong hock joints.
- Toes are closed. The pads are quite firm and resilient.
- Tail landing is high. Above his back, he is closed in a ring or resembles a sickle. The tail is completely covered with long hair.
- The structure of the coat with thick undercoat is stiff, straight and short.
The color of the dog is plain. It can be white, brown, black or red. The reddish-red color has a black or fawn color. There is a tan of white color. Some representatives of the breed have a tiger color, when there are stripes on a white or black background.
- Hokkaido dogs are characterized by agility and activity. Their movements are smooth and light.
- The growth of dogs of this breed is 45-52 cm with a weight of 16-28 kg.
- Representatives of the Hokkaido breed live 11-13 years old.
The Hokkaido dog breed belongs to the category of official, with a serious character and relevant qualities. Their stamina helps to serve in difficult conditions, including in mountainous areas.
Representatives of the breed are characterized by nobility, courage, vigilance, strength and responsibility. Their aggression is directed only at the beast or the alien. In relations with the owner shows unlimited love and devotion.
Hokkaido at the service
Animals are freedom-loving and their independence complicates contact with a new person in the family. A stubborn and wayward character scares some people away from acquisitions, but on the contrary attracts others. After all, these qualities are best suited for the watchdog so that he would be attentive and distrustful of outsiders. Professional education and training will help eliminate the tendency to independent decisions without a host team. In relations with hokkaido, the owner should always be an authority, only in this case he will obey.
Parenting a puppy begins at an early age. Until the age of two, the nature and format of relations with the owner is laid. It is during this period that it is necessary to overcome the possible manifestations of aggression. If time is lost, it will be very difficult to fix the dog’s stubborn nature.
Their clear mind helps them immediately understand the demand of the owner, but they will have to work on the execution. You must not be rude in handling a Hokkaido dog, otherwise the dog will become uncontrollable.
The dog is distinguished by a proud and restive disposition and to turn it into an obedient and complaisant dog, it will take time and leadership qualities of the owner. When raising a dog, you still have to earn a leadership position with your firm and strong character, then you will be able to get an excellent service dog. Weasel should be used as a reward for the correct execution of commands.
Hokkaido perceive the rest of the animals as prey and conflict with other pets. Animals get along wonderfully with children, showing love and good nature. Hokkaido dog retains love and devotion to one owner for life.
The dog is suitable for experienced dog breeders with training skills, which will become a true friend and reliable defender.
How to feed
Hokkaido dogs work a lot on a par with a person, helping him on the hunt, when transporting goods and protecting housing. Active physical activity requires good nutrition to replenish strength. The basic product of the diet is protein, so the dog’s food consists of chicken and turkey meat, low-fat veal and lamb. Also suitable offal: heart, lung, kidney, pitted sea fish. Eggs, sour milk, with the exception of yogurt and fermented baked milk, are added to the diet.
Carbohydrate-containing products such as cereals, pasta and bread are not recommended. The dog will receive the required amount of carbohydrates from raw vegetables and fruits, which are given chopped. Vegetables are seasoned with a small amount of natural oil, such as pumpkin, olive or flaxseed.
For a dog accustomed to living in natural conditions, the food should be raw and frost-bitten. Cooked food is better absorbed by the canine organism and, moreover, loses nutrients during heat treatment.
Feeding should be organized twice a day at a strictly defined time. Servings are prepared small so as not to overfeed the dog. Excess food leads to weight gain, which harms the work of internal organs. After eating, a Hokkaido dog needs an hour's rest, so you should not feed before a walk. If you notice that the dog refuses food, although it retains the usual activity, then do not worry. Perhaps the dog has a fasting day today.
Japanese, or Pomeranian, Spitz
Today, one of the most popular in the world is the Japanese dog Shunsuke. This is actually not the name of a particular breed, but the nickname of a nine-year-old Spitz, who has his own web page. A small miracle with a spectacular haircut became a real star, showing off various outfits and copying plush comrades. There is a representative of the breed, which includes the Japanese dog Shunsuke, about a thousand dollars.
This is a decorative look, but the true history of its origin goes back centuries. Spitz - small fluffy lumps, very active and cheerful. They are loyal to their master and at the same time try to find a common language with all family members, including pets. This Japanese dog has a long white coat. It does not get dirty and does not fade, it is enough to brush the animal with a stiff brush once a week - and the fur coat looks amazing again. It is very convenient for those who are not ready to devote much time to haircuts and pet hairstyles.
Japanese Akita Dog
This is a large representative of the Spitz-shaped. The Japanese always considered him their pride, which is why they gave him the poetic name “Treasure of the Land of the Rising Sun”. Who does not remember the famous film about the incredibly loyal dog, waiting for its owner for a decade? The hero of this picture was the Japanese dog Akita Inu, a model of devotion to his master. The dog conquered the hearts with its stunning appearance, intelligence and infinite fidelity.
Akita is a friendly and easy-to-train, incredibly courageous and balanced dog.She swims perfectly and is a great watchman, as well as a wonderful friend. You need to walk with such a dog at least two hours a day. At the same time, a walk at a leisurely pace does not suit her, you need to give maximum load, for example, run uphill for the ball. The Japanese dog Akita (photo below) is a vivid example of the "perpetual motion machine", it is truly tireless. The height at the withers is seventy centimeters for the male and sixty-four centimeters for the female. Weight is about fifty kilograms. The dog is large enough, with luxurious thick coat, so in winter it will be too hot in the apartment. Bathing it is often not recommended, but scratching during molting will have to be done every day.
A spacious courtyard surrounded by a fence is best for her. When planning to keep an Akita in a city apartment, remember that she needs daily walking, physical activity and compulsory training. This is a fairly strong dog that can easily carry out such an assignment as riding a child on a sled or bicycle. Only after properly running up, she will be able to eat and relax calmly, when energy is seething in her, she will calmly not let the owner sit.
Akita training and training
Japanese dogs are very smart and quick-witted, but they must feel who is the master of the house. From the first day, it is necessary to determine a number of rules to which the dog must obey. This breed has a strong will and needs the same strong-willed and strong owner. Feeling that she has power over the situation, the dog is unlikely to obey the owner. The most important point is submission training. For example, many owners can not resist the touching requests of a small puppy to take him to bed. It is necessary to immediately place all the accents, preparing the puppy a place next to the bed. This will teach submission and at the same time make it clear that you are close and love him.
Dog breed japanese chin
This is a terrific loving friend who will not give you much trouble. Hins are quiet, miniature and very charming dogs. They can live only at home, but they get along well even in the smallest apartment, since they simply do not need much space. Growth at the withers - about twenty centimeters, weight - up to three kilograms. The Japanese chin breed of dog is created for people who are looking for a way to fulfill the need for love and tenderness.
This dog will not bark in vain, will not bite anyone, but is always ready to defend his beloved master. Dogs are excessively jealous, loving and ambitious. They are able to instantly distinguish friends from enemies and at the same time they are never mistaken. If your hin does not recognize any of his friends, then you need to take a closer look at him. Despite its small stature, the dog loves to walk. It is necessary to withdraw it twice a day for an hour. The breed requires grooming, hin need to often bathe and comb out every day. Make sure that your pet does not overheat, it does not tolerate heat.
Very often, breeders give this breed as an Akita, because only a professional can appreciate the fine line between them. By the way, in the rings at small exhibitions, representatives of these breeds go together. Kai is a northern hunting sled dog; he cannot imagine life without movement. These Japanese dogs are completely non-aggressive, they are flexible, kind and loyal to their master. A reliable friend can stand up for himself and for his owner.
If you like to spend free time at home watching TV, then this is not the dog you need. Thick, full wool allows you to spend any amount of time outdoors. It is best if you live outside the city, so your pet will have more opportunities to fulfill the needs for movement. Kai's coat is short, despite the dense undercoat, so often it is not necessary to comb it. You don’t need a dog without having to bathe, otherwise you will wash off the grease that is necessary to protect it from the weather.
This dog is distinguished by brindle color, tricolor. On a brown-yellow background, a brown, black, red pattern appears. At the withers, males reach 59 centimeters, and bitches - 55. The weight of these dogs is not so impressive, about 20 kilograms, but due to fluffy hair they look much more voluminous. Life expectancy is about twelve to fifteen years.
Hokkaido, or Ainu
This is a truly versatile Japanese dog. She found application as a riding and watchdog, and also copes with the role of a friend. During World War II, Hokkaido participated in the detention of prisoners. But after the war they forgot about this breed, and they began to destroy representatives. That is why hokkaido is still a very small breed.
Many Japanese dogs are similar to each other. The breeds (the photo will give you the opportunity to compare them) are very reminiscent of Siberian huskies. As for Hokkaido, these are large, muscular and strong dogs of medium size with a powerful neck, deep chest and a taut belly. The height at the withers is 50 centimeters, and they weigh an average of 25 kilograms. A characteristic feature is a wedge-shaped head resembling a fox. The tail of the dog, rolled into a ring, proudly lies on its back. The ears are very small, triangular, upright and slightly inclined forward.
To the touch, the coat is straight and stiff, with a soft and thick undercoat. Hokkaido is a short-haired breed, which means that the coat does not require special care. It is enough to clean the dogs during molting with a special brush. If we talk about temperament and character, it should be noted that these creatures are very complex. The Japanese dog inu-hokkaido, or ainu-inu, is characterized by self-confidence and pronounced watchdog instincts. Such dogs are not suitable for inexperienced owners who do not know how to properly distribute roles. It is necessary from the first day to very firmly and moderately strictly conduct education, just then the pet will be able to become affectionate and understanding.
Hunting Beauty Kishu
These Japanese dogs are not too common. The breeds (photos confirm the obvious similarity) are often confused with pussycat and Samoyed husky, although their origin is completely different. This is a real hunter who can easily cope even with such large animals as wild boars and deer. Kishu is a property of Japan. Dogs are very strong, muscular and hardy. They don’t mind the souls of their masters, but their upbringing will require a lot of strength, time and patience.
Little kittens are distinguished by their angelic appearance; they are snow-white creatures with a charming muzzle, which it is impossible to pass by. Breeders extol this breed, animals have absolutely no natural smell, which means they are suitable even for those who are allergic to dogs. However, one cannot fail to mention their high mobility. If you like cycling or live near the forest, which you periodically walk around, then this is your breed. Fans of spending time on the couch are strictly forbidden. Best of all, pussycats get along in a pack, so it is recommended to buy two puppies at once. Then they will not be bored, and care will become much easier.
When you look at the pictures that depict Japanese dogs, a pussycat photo will surely attract your attention. A snow-white, fluffy dog, strong and muscular, like a spring. Her head is wedge-shaped and wide, erect ears of a triangular shape. The case is compact, about 50 centimeters tall, and weighs 25 kilograms. The coat has a dense undercoat and is able to protect the dog from any weather conditions.
This is a hunting dog, a devoted and courageous companion. By nature, she is independent, independent, playful and obedient. Suitable for any dog breeder, regardless of whether he has knowledge in cynology and experience in animal training. The only thing is that you need to walk with her for a long time before starting the classes, and you will also need to show persistence in order to capture her attention.
It is better to keep shikoku in an aviary or just in the yard. The animal’s coat is thick, it is able to protect from frost and strong wind. In general, the dog is medium-sized, proportionately folded, with well-developed muscles. It has upright pointed ears and a tail coiled into a ring. The physique is compact, strong, the skeleton is well developed. The dog is very hardy, sensitive, has very guarded behavior, always obedient to the owner.
If you are currently choosing a pet, it makes sense to look through magazines about Japanese dog breeds with photos. These animals are extremely interesting. In particular, sansu was displayed as a service breed of small size. It has two varieties, large and small, while they are very similar to akita. These are excellent, fearless watchdogs. Despite little fame, they have established themselves as pets. They faithfully guard the house, become attached to one owner and are always ready to serve him. Not only in Japan but also in Europe, these dogs are gaining popularity. They can live both in the country and in the apartment.
Another Japanese hunting dog. It has an extremely good-natured character. Animals are very silent, almost never bark. Smart, sometimes their intelligence is simply amazing. They are bold and agile, hardy and cheerful, independent, but at the same time friendly, with developed instincts. Representatives of this breed are very clean. If they accidentally get into the mud, they will not go further until they lick their paws. Energetic and agile, they will require constant physical activity from you. Every day you have to make many hours of walking. The coat is very dense, it perfectly protects the dog from the weather, but at the same time creates some inconvenience during molting. It is often necessary to comb out a pet so that it retains a presentable appearance. For this reason, the breed is not recommended for home maintenance. Despite daily combing, there will be so much wool that the carpet and upholstered furniture will have to be cleaned very often.
We examined the main breeds of Japanese dogs. All of them have a similar exterior, as well as character and temperament. Almost all require a lot of physical activity, so before you get a dog, you need to think about who will deal with it. Almost all "Japanese" have a dense, dense coat. If you plan to keep your dog at home, make sure that family members are not allergic to hair.
Hokkaido can be considered one of the most ancient breeds. They were bred on the island of the same name in Japan (Hokkaido). If you believe the story, it happened in 1000 BC. The ancient inhabitants of the island - Ainu) bred and used similar dogs for hunting large animals (most often it was a bear). Hokkaido showed a high level of stamina and dexterity in the hunt.
The original name of the breed is Ainu-ken, but after it became a natural monument of Japan, in 1937 it was decided to change the name to Hokkaido. Today, both names are considered correct.
Dogs had to adapt to hunting in forests and difficult mountainous areas. Here the most important qualities of the Ainu character were formed. They became fearless, hardy, strong and loyal to their masters. Without these advantages, the animal simply could not become a permanent companion in the hunt of the ancient Japanese. It is very convenient that hokkaido is not large, but rather medium in size. She has no fear of predators, and the person accompanied by her is not afraid of ferocious wild animals.
Ainu belongs to primitive breeds. This means that the breed was formed as a result of natural selection, under the influence of climatic and other factors, but without human participation.
Helping Ainu people should not be underestimated. She was especially popular during the war, where she helped to chase and detain prisoners who decided to escape. Only in the post-war period, many such dogs were exterminated. There are few representatives of the breed who continued to breed at the court of the emperor. Ainu were recognized by Japan. It was forbidden to export dogs of this breed from the country. The Ainu breed standard was approved in 1982. Her status in our time is very unstable. There are very few such dogs and there is a threat of their complete extinction in the very near future.
Appointment and training
This is not to say that training Ainu is simple. But not for the reason that these dogs are difficult to train. On the contrary, they do not need to repeat anything twice. The thing is that a brave, strong and strong-willed character has to be constantly monitored. You can not give concessions in training. It is very difficult to convince such a dog in something, and it is almost impossible to re-educate.
If the Ainu feels a weakness in the character of the owner, then in no case will it be accepted as an authoritative person.
Hokkaido is a very good watchman. Always alert, hard to catch by surprise. This dog hunts with passion and is a fairly hardy athlete. The appearance of such character traits can be explained by the fact that this breed was bred specifically for hunting large predators in difficult mountain conditions. And now these dogs are used to hunt big game.
Ainu can very well navigate in any area. They can be great helpers in search jobs. No need to think about whether to put a team in front of the dog or not. They themselves are happy to serve the owners. Sometimes they are used as sleds at different riding championships.
The Ainu is home to the sea islands, which means that its diet will not be exactly the same as for dogs on the mainland. Hokkaido's main menu consists of seafood, seaweed, fish and rice.
Most types of meat are allergic to them, and many cereals are not digested.
Dry feeds contain soy and other components that can cause indigestion and have absolutely no energy value. The closer the Japanese come from the dog’s pedigree, the more difficult it is to choose a diet and the more likely it will be that the dog prefers marine products. What, when and how to feed hokkaido, you must definitely ask the breeder. In no case should you experiment and pick up food yourself.
Health and Life Expectancy
In general, Hokkaido is a healthy breed. By genetic characteristics, she remained close to the first dogs that came to the Japanese islands with people during the Jomon period. Possible and most common diseases include:
- Hip dysplasia
- Elbow dysplasia
- Collie eye anomaly
Without fail, all dogs must be vaccinated against major infectious diseases. An equally important measure to maintain good health is the timely deworming and treatment of external parasites. Hokkaido usually has a life expectancy of 13-15 years, although some dogs live much longer.
Where to buy Ainu puppy (Hokkaido)
The answer to this question depends on the purpose of acquiring the dog. If you need a pet for exhibitions and breeding, then it is better to consider the option of buying a puppy in his homeland, in Japan. In other countries of the world, in particular in Russia, the livestock is still very small, and there are no nurseries that would work with this breed at all. If hokkaido is acquired under the influence of a fashion for Japanese dogs and there is no show career planned for it, then the choice of a puppy can be entrusted to reseller companies that deliver babies from Japanese kennels. As a rule, these are dogs of low quality, from which champions rarely grow.In addition, paperwork for the export and transfer of the pedigree can be very problematic due to the fact that Ainu dogs are natural monuments.
In Japan, the average market value of hokkaido is 200,000 yen. This is about 100,000 rubles. The cost will vary depending on the pedigree, coat color and place of purchase.