The vaccine delivered to the dog on time will preserve not only its health, but also prevent a number of diseases in the household. In addition, having spent some time and money on a preventive injection, the owner will protect himself from possible big expenses in the future if the pet suddenly “catches” the infection. In order for the vaccination of the dog to be successful and only have a positive effect on the animal's body, you need to know when and what vaccine to put, and properly prepare your pet for the procedure.
Why vaccination is needed
The vaccine helps the dog develop immunity to a specific infection. It contains fragments of an infectious agent, which, getting into a living organism, causes a corresponding reaction in the form of antibody production. Subsequently, if a pet encounters a similar infection invasion, it will not become ill or the disease will pass in a mild form.
Dangerous diseases of dogs against which compulsory vaccination is carried out:
- enteritis (parvovirus, coronavirus),
- adenoviral infections
- infectious hepatitis
There are also vaccines for lichen, trichophytosis, microsporia.
Types of vaccines for dogs
Based on the active component, vaccines for dogs are divided into attenuated and inactivated. The first are pathogens that are capable of reproduction. However, due to their weakness, they cannot cause the disease itself, but only stimulate the production of antibodies. The inactivated variant is represented by dead microbes. Such vaccinations have a slow and short-term effect, so they need to be reinstalled.
In addition, distinguish between single and multivalent vaccines. In the first case, the composition includes antigens of only one infectious agent. An example of such vaccines is: Biovac-D, Multican-1, EPM, Primodog, Kanivak-CH, Rabizin. The composition of polyvalent drugs includes several infections. These include: Multikan-4 (6.8), Nobivak, Heksakanivak, Vangard-7 and others. Multi-strain preparations, as a rule, are not given to puppies, as they too stress the immune system.
Vaccines can be of domestic and foreign origin. Among the Russian drugs have proven themselves: Hexacanivac, Multican, Wakderm, Polivak. Among the "foreigners" stand out: Nobivak, Eurikan, Vangard, Hexadog. Each of the drugs has its own characteristics and patterns of administration.
Adult Dog Vaccination
Dogs older than one year are supposed to be vaccinated annually: injections are given once at regular intervals. It is allowed to vaccinate four-legged friends from infectious diseases once every 2 or 3 years, but rabies vaccination should be given strictly after 12 months.
If the dog is elderly or elderly, the decision about whether to give an injection or not is made based on its state of health. The vaccine can provoke an exacerbation of chronic pet diseases and weaken the immune system even more. Again, a rabies vaccine should be given anyway. According to the current legislation, the owner can not refuse it.
How to vaccinate
In order for the vaccination procedure to have only a positive effect on the dog's body and not lead to complications, some rules must be followed.
- The dog must be completely healthy. Even the slightest malaise, lack of appetite, fatigue and other conditions are a reason for delaying the injection.
- Before vaccination, the pet should be dewormed. It is necessary to give a medicine for worms 14 days before the procedure.
- It is undesirable to vaccinate dogs during tooth changes. A number of drugs have the ability to change the color of tooth enamel.
- Puppies under 8 weeks of age are not recommended to be vaccinated. Early administration of the vaccine will weaken the immunity obtained from breast milk. And since they don’t have their own, puppies can be completely defenseless against infectious diseases.
- In addition to deworming, the dog must be treated from external insects. Processing is also carried out two weeks before vaccination.
- Most vaccines negatively affect the development of the fetus, so if dogs are to be mated, you can not be vaccinated. Between vaccination and viscous must pass at least 12 weeks.
- Vaccination is best on an empty stomach.
- If the dog is prone to an allergic reaction, then previously it can be given an antihistamine. Which one - it is better to consult a doctor.
Do not forget that after vaccination the pet may develop anaphylactic shock, so the first few minutes you need to stay near the veterinary clinic.
Features of rabies vaccination
Although the overall rabies situation in Russia is favorable, the likelihood of an outbreak of this dangerous disease remains. Russian law requires each owner of a four-legged friend to vaccinate him once a year. If the owner of the dog refuses to give this vaccine to his pet, then he will face administrative punishment.
The law also provides for free rabies vaccination. Such vaccinations are not included in the cost of services, even in private clinics. To give an injection, you can contact the state veterinary clinic. Often, primary comprehensive vaccination against infectious diseases in a state hospital is paid, and further actions according to the scheme will be free. Moreover, if you get a rabies vaccine in such an institution, then the side events will also be held for free. Among them: examination of the animal, anthelmintic therapy, issuing a dog's passport, installing a chip.
Contraindications to vaccination
Not all dogs can receive routine vaccinations. Among the contraindications should be noted:
- acute illnesses
- 14 days before and after stopping the ears, tail,
- change of teeth
- planned binding
- severe weakening, exhaustion of the dog's body (for example, after an illness, surgery),
How much does vaccination cost?
The prices of vaccinations for dogs vary depending on many factors:
- vaccine features (manufacturer, composition),
- place of vaccination (at home or in the clinic),
- pricing policy of a veterinary institution (budget, medium, premium, luxury).
For example, an injection at home will cost 500 rubles more than if you bring the pet to the clinic. It will be more costly to instill a dog with an imported complex vaccine than domestic production. On average, the cost of a comprehensive vaccination is about 1,500 rubles.
Where is the best vaccination?
Many owners try to vaccinate a pet at home. On the one hand, the dog feels more confident, which positively affects his health and ability to undergo vaccination. However, there is a danger that the condition of the animal may deteriorate sharply, for example, due to an allergic reaction, anaphylactic shock, and then an ambulance will be needed.
It is best to bring your pet to the clinic, undergo a preliminary examination, put the vaccine in and wait a while. You can walk around the clinic or sit in the car. After making sure that everything is in order with the body's response, you can go home.
Any owner wants to see their pet healthy and cheerful. The key to this condition of the dog is a timely vaccination.
About vaccinating dogs
Dog owners know that their pets need to be vaccinated each year. But, unfortunately, not everyone knows how to distinguish the myths about vaccinating dogs from the truth, when to start vaccinations, and from what modern vaccines help. And many miss vaccinations, hoping that their pets will be lucky and they will not face dangerous infections. Let’s take a look in order. Prevention of rabies
Rabies is a deadly disease dangerous to humans. A domestic dog can easily become infected by a bite from an infected animal, such as another dog or wild fox. At the same time, animals infected with this virus behave very aggressively and rush into the fray themselves.
This disease is incurable. The only thing that can be done after a bite of an infected animal is to take preventive measures before the disease has time to develop. In the case of dogs, it is most rational to conduct an annual rabies vaccination. In many countries, including Russia, pets can be vaccinated against rabies for free.
Prevention of other diseases
In any veterinary clinic, annual vaccination of dogs is carried out with complex vaccines. In addition to rabies, they include vaccinations against carnivore plague, parainfluenza, paravovirus enteritis, leptospirosis and infectious hepatitis. These diseases are much more common than rabies, but are dangerous only for the dog itself.
For example, paravoviral enteritis, which is characterized by severe diarrhea and vomiting, is a very common cause of death in homeless puppies. Plague is also deadly for dogs and highly contagious. Leptospirosis is a disease that is transmitted by rats. Vaccination does not protect against all known strains of the virus, but helps at least some.
Infectious diseases in dogs are very difficult to treat, often dangerous with serious consequences. And the cost of veterinary care to leave the animal with enteritis or plague is significantly higher than the cost of a complex vaccine.
Preparing the dog for vaccination
To vaccinate the dog must be prepared. General recommendations include the prophylactic use of worm preparations and the veterinarian evaluating the animal’s health status. The following recommendations will be most logical:
- At the beginning of preparation for vaccination, you need to treat the dog from fleas. To do this, you can use a special shampoo, drops on the withers, an insecticidal collar or other products that can be picked up at a veterinary pharmacy.
- Two to three days after treatment for fleas, the dog needs to be given a drug for worms. When choosing it, it is important to know the weight of the animal. In the event that after the application of an anthelmintic drug, the dog has symptoms. Indicating the presence of parasites (in the feces of the animal, the worms themselves are visible, or during the walk the dog sits on the ground and scratches the anus). The drug must be given again after 12 days.
- Ten days after the anthelmintic drug, you can lead your pet to a veterinary clinic for vaccination. Before vaccination, the doctor should examine the dog and measure the temperature. If he does not find contraindications, he will be vaccinated.
- Prior to annual vaccination, it is advisable for older animals to take general blood and urine tests. That the doctor had more opportunities for a correct assessment of the condition of the dog than just conducting an examination.
Dog vaccination myths
There are several well-established myths about vaccinating dogs. Which can be heard even from experienced breeders and some veterinarians, and these myths often interfere with adequate vaccinations:
- You can vaccinate rabies puppies only after changing teeth
This is not true. Previously, rabies vaccines contained a component that could adversely affect the condition of the teeth. Modern vaccines do not affect teeth, they can be pricked at any time, and it is important that the pet is vaccinated when it starts to walk outside.
- Puppies of miniature breeds are better to do one vaccination for two.
Any dog needs to be vaccinated with a full dose of the drug, otherwise the vaccination simply will not be effective.
- Without the use of an anthelmintic drug, the vaccine will not be effective
The opinion of veterinarians on this subject is very different. Helminthic invasion can affect the state of immunity, but a clear link between the presence of parasites and the effectiveness of vaccines has not been identified. In any case, anthelmintic drugs are recommended to be given to pets once a quarter. And they will not be superfluous before vaccination, but not given timely prophylaxis should not be grounds for refusing vaccination.
- From a certain age, dogs do not need to be vaccinated
If the dog is not exhausted and its health is not weakened by a recent illness, then there is no reason to refuse vaccination. Viral infections can attack a pet of any age, and for an older animal they are even more dangerous than for a young one.
Thus, vaccination is an important and affordable method of preventing many diseases in dogs. It must be approached responsibly, but not guided by existing myths about vaccinating dogs, and then the pets will be protected.
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What you need to know about vaccination
Viral hepatitis and plague, enteritis, rabies virus are the most dangerous enemies of the dog. And not just a puppy. An adult dog may also become ill. Therefore, it is very important to vaccinate our friends on time. But how do these or other vaccinations work? Do they give a 100% guarantee that your dog will be healthy? Is it true that a rabies vaccine can harm your pet? Below we will try to give answers to these and other questions.
Many people know that as soon as a puppy appears in the house, the first thing you need to take care of vaccinations. In order to understand how important vaccines are, you need to know how they affect the body.
A newborn puppy cannot get an infectious disease, as nature endowed it with passive immunity, transmitted from mother to offspring. This immunity is transmitted to puppies through the placenta, as well as through breast milk during the first days after delivery. If during this period the newborn for some reason does not receive mother's milk, such a puppy is at mortal risk.
By two months, passive immunity begins to weaken gradually, and the puppy must be vaccinated. It is advisable to do this twice in the period from two months to three, since after three months the change of teeth begins. During this period, the puppy's body weakens, and the baby can get sick. After a tooth change - this is usually by 6-7 months - the vaccine must be repeated, then again once a year and then every year. Very good results of the immune defense of unborn babies are given by vaccination of breeding bitches before breeding.
If you are an experienced dog breeder, you can vaccinate yourself, and if this is your first dog, it is better to trust an experienced doctor. Here we would recommend contacting a well-established clinic, so you can save your pet from a huge number of "doctors" who have little experience or even have a very vague idea about veterinary medicine. But if you still decide to invite a private doctor, ask to show you the state license that every private practitioner should have. You must also be given a veterinary passport on vaccinations made with the seal of the state veterinary clinic. This may be necessary when traveling outside of your city, as well as at exhibitions. If you do not have a veterinary passport, you may be fined or barred from participating in the exhibition.
In any case, you should deworm your pet one week before the vaccination, because the vaccine can only be administered to a completely healthy dog. It is better if for this purpose you will use drugs designed specifically for dogs.For example, the well-proven Drontal + and Dronzit manufactured by Bayer. The correct dosage of anthelmintics is very important. Such drugs are toxic, therefore, with an insufficient dose, deworming will be wasted, and with an excess puppy can become very poisonous. The treatment of animals against worms cannot be neglected. Parasitic worms cause severe harm to the body of dogs, especially species that parasitize in the intestines (round and flat helminths). Most helminth infections in dogs occur chronically, causing exhaustion, anemia and bloating, slowing the growth and development of puppies. The listed symptoms of the disease are the result of numerous pathogenic actions of worms on the body of dogs. Puppies can become infected in utero or shortly after birth. The elimination of parasites after the use of anthelmintics is not life-long, because over time, re-infection may occur and new parasites will appear in the body of the animal.
The vaccination action stimulates the dog’s immune system. If viruses or bacteria enter the body of a puppy who has not received the vaccine, then they will cause a disease before the body has time to develop the antibodies necessary to fight them. These diseases are often fatal. One way or another, but it is necessary periodically (it depends on the duration of the vaccine) to do repeated vaccinations until old age. Many owners find it unnecessary to vaccinate adult dogs. This is wrong, because the risk of infection persists at any age.
Many doctors and experienced dog breeders argue: which vaccines are better - domestic or imported. It is believed that Russian vaccines are better adapted to local conditions. On the other hand, imported vaccinations are usually easier to carry by the dog and do not cause side effects. So far, no scientific confirmation has been received: who is still right? As an example, we can say that the plague virus is quite homogeneous; vaccines are produced all over the world on the basis of the same strain of the virus.
According to observations of puppies born in our club, we came to the conclusion that both types of vaccinations are tolerated quite easily, without side effects and protect the dog quite well from infectious diseases.
Of the most popular imported vaccines to date, we can recommend you “Nobivak”, “Vangard”, “Hexadog”. Recently, we learned that “Hexadog” was recognized as not a good enough drug, and it is banned in several countries. To find out whether this is so, we turned to the Department of Moscow State Academy of Veterinary Medicine, Doctor of Biological Sciences, Professor N. A. Slesarenko. She confirmed that in a number of Scandinavian countries “Hexadog” is not really recommended for use, but this happened purely due to market considerations and the quality of the vaccine has nothing to do with it. But if you still ceased to trust this drug, then you can vaccinate the dog with the Nobivak vaccine, which is an analogue of Hexadog.
Unfortunately, having a vaccination does not give a 100% guarantee that your dog will not get sick. This can happen for many reasons.
If the vaccine is of poor quality and has expired due to improper storage, exposure to too high or too low temperature.
Another reason may be immune deficiency. For example, with metabolic disorders, poor nutrition, the presence of a large number of parasites and tumors. And also, as mentioned above, the lack of breast milk can lead to immune deficiency.
A fairly common cause of failure may be vaccination of the puppy ahead of time specified in the recommendations of the manufacturer. And also if re-vaccination has not been given.
To many dog breeders, the question is, can vaccines be dangerous for a dog? In order to avoid any side effects of vaccination, you need to take precautions before and after vaccination. Firstly, to ensure that the vaccine is not dangerous, you must be sure that the puppy is absolutely healthy. Make sure the puppy has no internal and external parasites. To avoid an allergic reaction, you can give some antihistamine, such as Suprastin, several hours before vaccination. Vaccination is recommended on an empty stomach. Do not wash, do not disturb or overwork the puppy in the days before vaccination. Do not drive him to places where dogs are crowded until at least a week has passed since the second vaccination (there are no restrictions on walking for the time of vaccination for adult animals).
Sometimes a dog becomes infected and becomes ill even after a successful vaccination, but thanks to vaccination, the disease can pass in a mild form. The animal becomes a little lethargic, reluctantly eats, etc. This must beware of the owner and, without wasting time, you need to consult a doctor for advice.
Very often, owners ask: is rabies vaccine dangerous? Not at all. This belief arose due to the use of a domestic vaccine that contains weakened live rabies viruses and sometimes causes side effects. To date, we recommend using multivalent vaccines of foreign production, which, as a rule, simultaneously protect against plague, enteritis, hepatitis, leptospirosis, adenovirus and rabies and do not cause negative reactions. The vaccine is administered subcutaneously and can be used for 3 month old puppies. In principle, if your dog lives in Moscow or in a large other city and does not come into contact with wild animals, the chance of contracting rabies is very small. But in Russia, a large-scale rabies vaccination program is being carried out, and therefore, exhibitions require a certificate of such a vaccination. Only the stamp of the state veterinary clinic is valid.
If you are serious about the prevention of viral infections, you can protect your dog from dangerous, and sometimes fatal, diseases. After all, everyone knows that any disease is easier to prevent than to cure.
What is dog vaccination?
Vaccination is a preventive procedure aimed at reducing the risk of contracting an infectious disease. The vaccine itself is a weakened pathogen. The dog's body is forcibly infected with a small amount of infection, so it begins to fight it. And, in the end, immunity is developed.
As a rule, dogs are vaccinated against infections such as carnivore plague, hepatitis, adenovirus, parvovirus and coronovirus infections, leptospirosis, rabies. All these diseases are very difficult for animals to tolerate, so they are easier to prevent than to treat.
Carrying out this procedure does not exclude the possibility of infection of any of the above infections, but guarantees the course of the disease in a mild form and without complications.
Why vaccination and if it is necessary
For many dog breeders, the question of the need for vaccinations remains a mystery. After all, animals in the wild do without them and survive very well.
And this is a big misconception:
- Firstly, dogs are already domesticated animals and their immunity is weaker than that of wild animals.
- Secondly, in the wild, the life expectancy of animals is much lower and they often die from infectious diseases.
- And thirdly, our beloved little animals live not in the forest, where the danger of getting infected is much lower, but in the city, where there are a lot of all kinds of chemical and natural wastes, harmful emissions and all sorts of other things. So, the danger of getting infected in the city is much higher.
That is why the need for vaccination, in my opinion, is beyond any doubt. If the animal becomes ill, then the treatment will be very difficult and may even lead to the death of the dog. Therefore, it is better to vaccinate and prevent infection than to fight it.
Moreover, it is also necessary to vaccinate those animals that do not leave the apartment, since they can become infected even from street shoes or the clothes of their owner.
Well, if you are going to take an animal with you on travel by train or plane, then this question generally disappears. Moreover, in the latter case, all vaccinations given must be reflected in the veterinary passport and certified by the stamp of the state veterinary clinic.
Coy vaccine vaccinate a dog
Currently, there are many vaccines, both imported and domestic. Before the owner of the dog is a very difficult choice. All vaccines are created on the basis of viruses inherent in a particular area.
The following drugs are most suitable for Russia:
- Asterion DHPPiL - a vaccine to protect dogs against plague, adenovirus infections, parvovirus enteritis, parainfluenza, and leptospirosis in dogs. Russia.
- Biovak - prevention of dog diseases: plague, infectious hepatitis, adenovirus, parvovirus enteritis and leptospirosis. Russia.
- Hexacanivac - prevention of dog diseases: carnivorous plague, infectious hepatitis, adenovirus, parvovirus enteritis and leptospirosis. Russia.
- Multikan - prevention of plague, adenovirus infections, parvovirus, coronavirus enteritis, leptospirosis, dermatophytosis and rabies. Russia.
- Hexadog - prevention of diseases of dogs: plague of carnivores, adenoviruses, parvovirus enteritis, leptospirosis and rabies of dogs. USA-France.
- Eurican DHPPI2 is a comprehensive vaccine for the prevention of dangerous diseases such as carnivore plague, parainfluenza, adenovirus, parvovirus. Before vaccination, this vaccine is mixed with Eurican - L (leptospirosis) or Eurican - LR (leptospirosis and rabies). France.
- Nobivak DHP is a combination live vaccine against carnivore plague, infectious hepatitis and parvovirus infection in dogs.
- Nobivak DHPPi - a vaccine for the prevention of carnivore plague virus, dog parvovirus, adenovirus, parainfluenza virus. Netherlands.
- Nobivak Lepto - a vaccine for the prevention of leptospirosis. Netherlands.
- Nobivak Puppy is a vaccine for the prevention of plague of carnivores and parvovirus enteritis in puppies. Netherlands.
- Nobivak Rabies is an inactivated rabies vaccine. Netherlands.
If you want to take your pet abroad, then vaccination should be carried out only with imported drugs. Such as Nobivak, Hexadog, Eurican, etc. All vaccines give the animal stable immunity for only one year. Therefore, the dog needs to be vaccinated annually. The vaccination schedule is shown below.
Pay attention to the following points:
- Vaccination must be carried out at the state veterinary clinic.
- All vaccinations given are entered in the veterinary passport of the animal and certified with a stamp of the state veterinary clinic. If you are going to travel abroad with a pet, then the passport must be of an international standard.
- Vaccinations are given only to healthy animals. If your pet is unwell, then routine vaccination should be delayed. The dog’s body will need a lot of strength to fight the vaccine, and if it is weakened, then the virus can defeat this fight. For the same reason, puppies are not vaccinated during tooth changes.
- 2 weeks before vaccination, it is necessary to deworm the dog and treat it from fleas. Parasites secrete toxins that also weaken the immunity of the caudate.
- Vaccination can cause allergic reactions. Therefore, to prevent and protect from these consequences, before vaccination (especially before the first puppy in the life), the doctor should give the animal some anti-allergenic drug (diphenhydramine, suprastin, etc.).
- Before vaccination, body temperature is necessarily measured. In a healthy dog, the norm is 37-39, in a puppy up to 39.5 degrees.
- Vaccination itself is a painless procedure. The drug is placed at the withers of the dog. In time it takes a couple of seconds.
Vaccinate the dog should be carried out on schedule. To do this, you need to know the order and terms that must be maintained between vaccinations.
The first vaccination is done 1.5-2 months after the birth of the puppy. You ask, why not right away? But because from birth, the baby receives immunity from the mother. After a month and a half, the immune system weakens and the puppies begin to hurt. This is where it is necessary to begin to vaccinate in order to avoid infection of your pet with various infections.
I repeat once again. If you want to take your pet abroad, you need to enter the vaccine only imported, for example, Nobivak, Hexadog, Eurikan, etc.
Let's look at the vaccination schedule with these drugs. My Jackusik and I went abroad many times, so we vaccinate him with Nobivak. We’ll start with him.
The first vaccination can be carried out with the Nobivak Puppy DP vaccine at the age of 4 weeks, followed by the use of the Nobivak DHPPi vaccine according to this scheme:
- 2 months (8 weeks) - the second vaccination - Nobivak DHP + Nobivak L.
- 3 months (12 weeks) - the third vaccination - Nobivak DHPPi + Nobivak LR.
After the third vaccination - 14 days of quarantine, and then you can go outside for a walk!
- After 1 year - the fourth vaccination - Nobivak DHPPi + Nobivak LR.
- Further: 1 time a year and all life - Nobivak DHPPi + Nobivak LR.
Here is the passport of our Jackie. These are the necessary vaccinations that are given once a year.
Nobivak Rabies with a mark in a veterinary passport.
Nobivak DHPPi + Nobivak Lepto with a mark in the veterinary passport.
We follow this scheme:
- 2 months (8 weeks) - first vaccination - Eurican DHPPI2 + Eurican L.
- 3 months (12 weeks) - second vaccination - Eurican DHPPI2 + Eurican LR.
- After 1 year - the third vaccination - Eurican DHPPI2 + Eurican L.
- Further: 1 time a year and all my life - Eurican DHPPI2 + Eurican L.
- 2 months (8 weeks) - first vaccination - Eurican DHPPI2 + Eurican L.
- 3 months (12 weeks) - the second vaccine is Hexadog.
- After 1 year, the third vaccine is Hexadog.
- Further: 1 time a year and all his life - Hexadog.
Immunity after vaccination develops no earlier than 10 days. Therefore, after each vaccination, it is necessary to observe quarantine for 14 days.
And do not forget that the veterinarian must put a mark on any vaccination in the veterinary passport. If he did not, then be sure to tell him about it.
Restrictions (quarantine) after vaccination
So, the vaccination has been successfully carried out. Now active immunity will form in your pet no earlier than in 10-12 days. During this period, the body of the caudate is slightly weakened, all the forces go to the fight against viruses. Therefore, during this time, quarantine must be observed. After vaccination, quarantine lasts, as we said above, 14 days.
Some restrictions should be observed at this time:
- Within two weeks, it is advisable for your four-legged not to contact other dogs.
- It should limit the animal from any stress.
- You should not bathe the dog.
- Avoid high loads, overwork and hypothermia.
- Keep your walks to a minimum.
- An adult animal should be walked in a muzzle, and for puppies (if possible) it is better to refrain from walking at all.
- To travel outside Russia it is necessary to quarantine for a period of 1 month after vaccination against rabies.
You can read more about how to care for a dog after vaccination. Vaccination is a very responsible and mandatory event. Take it seriously.