Drathaar - Wire-haired German Pointing Dog. The breed is relatively young, but among hunters it enjoys well-deserved popularity. A distinctive feature that the hunting dog Drathaar possesses is its versatility. A smart and hardy dog with a good upbringing will be an excellent assistant when hunting any animal. True, this will require perseverance and patience from the owner, as well as knowledge about the proper training of dogs of this breed.
Male growth - from 61 to 68 cm, females - from 57 to 64 cm.
Proportional head with a wide and flat frontal part with distinct cheekbones and superciliary arches. The eyes are small medium-sized. A characteristic feature is a beard on the face, which gives a "square" shape.
The ears hanging on the cheeks are rounded. During work or increased attention, the ears turn forward toward the nose.
The body is powerful, covered with hard, thick hairs of medium length with dense undercoat. On the abdomen, paws and muzzle, the remaining hairs are shorter than throughout the body. The chest and back are wide, legs are strong and straight. The tail is saber-shaped, but often docked. Tail landing is average, it is on par with the spine or rises slightly above it.
The color of the dog according to the standard is gray (gray), black or brown with gray hair, spots or their complete absence are allowed, sometimes there is a white spot on the chest.
Who should use such a dog?
The German Continental Pointing Dog is very mobile and active, which requires considerable maintenance efforts from the owner. If you have some free time that you can devote to your pet, then it is better not to start Drathaar. To raise a full-fledged hunting dog with working qualities, it is necessary to provide daily long walks, preferably twice a day. A lot of time and patience will have to be spent on training. Of course, the result of hard work will please, but to weigh and evaluate their capabilities should be in advance. Well, if you are sure that you can create all the conditions for the correct development of the pet, then in the end you will get a reliable, loyal, intelligent dog that will accompany you in the hunt of any kind - for birds, animals, and even ungulates with good training.
Drathaar is a universal dog, however, the owner must take care of the proper preparation. The main thing you need is perfect obedience. It is not easy to achieve it, the owner will have to show patience, which will pay off with interest in the future. If it was possible to achieve full understanding, field training will pass without problems. It is very important to understand that learning to work with different types of animals has its own characteristics. The field hare hunt with Drathaar is always interesting and reckless. The dog is very hardy and is able to comb through in search of a huge area, which makes this breed a great companion in hunting for a hare.
The dog has an excellent scent and is able to smell the beast even on a lying position, and in the wake will find it completely. When Drathaar finds a hare, he will give a signal to the owner with his voice. He will also inform about the hare stopping during the persecution, giving the owner the opportunity to react correctly.
The natural hunting talent of Drathaar, coupled with competent preparation, allows him to successfully use it during night hunting. And in searching for wounded animals he simply has no equal - the wounded animal has no chance of survival.
For the pheasant
For the owners of Drathaar, pheasant hunting turns into a real holiday.
The breed's resistance to high loads and temperature extremes, a hard coat that protects the dog from thorny bushes and reeds, a wonderful scent - ideal qualities that help in hunting for pheasants.
This bird hides in shrubs, reeds, on farmland. It’s good if your dog has bright spots in color that make it easier to watch. Sometimes a special bell is attached to the collar - then the hunter can follow the sound of the direction and nature of the movement of his four-legged companion.
For a successful hunt, you need to teach your dog to comb reed thickets along the very edge - this is where the chance to find a bird is most likely. True, without special need to drive it into hard thickets is not recommended. Sometimes it is enough to walk on the leeward side of the thicket. The sensitive scent of Drathaar helps him detect the presence of prey, and then he himself will go into the reeds and raise the bird.
Any hunt with Drathaar is good in its own way. This universal ranger provides invaluable assistance to his master in the production of various animals. He is good in a campaign for wild boar. A calm and measured search for prey ends with a strong dog stance awaiting the command of its owner. It is difficult to restrain the barking of such a serious beast, but the trained Drathaar copes with this task. The main thing is that your dog implicitly obeyed the commands and did not succumb to excitement. A fight with an angry boar can end with the death of a dog - always remember this and take your pet to catch a billhook only if you are sure of its preparation.
Drathaar is a born hunter, a great companion and a loyal friend. You will surely love him!
Drathaar is characterized by good training compliance. Therefore, dogs of this breed are suitable for hunting in all seasons. They become good helpers when catching a wild boar, bird or hare.
Representatives of this breed have an athletic physique. Drathaars have well developed muscles. The dog can be recognized by its elongated muzzle, medium-sized ears, wide chest and straight back. An adult animal in weight reaches from 27 to 37 kg. Its color is black or brown with gray and speckled spots.
The representatives of the breed have a hard coat. It feels like a wire.
Hunting for roe deer or another animal with drathaar is successful because of the special character of the dog. She is balanced and partly stubborn. It is extremely rare for representatives of the breed to display such qualities as aggressiveness and cowardice.
Drathaar is a true leader. Therefore, without special training, you should not take it with you on a hunt. Its absence will not allow the owner to get the desired result from the dog.
Features of care and maintenance
Drathaar is an active animal. Therefore, keeping it in an apartment is quite problematic. The owners will have to spend a lot of time on walks with the dog. She should be able to be active. Such a pet is supposed to exercise daily.
During the walk, it is undesirable to let the dog off the leash. Dogs tend to react aggressively to other animals.
Training and training
The owners should pay special attention to the training and training of the animal. This is especially true for those who are interested in hunting with drathaar for any game, for example, wild boar. It is necessary to train an animal in the most relaxed atmosphere. For this venture to be successful, it is required to arouse his confidence in himself.
The first step in training drathaar is to learn the basic Aport and Bring commands. They must be performed automatically. This will prevent accidental damage to the game when hunting with a dog.
Training should be carried out in a playful way. You should also teach your dog not to be afraid of shots. To achieve this result, you need to periodically commit them at a distance of 200 m from the pet. At this point, it is advisable to occupy it with an interesting game in order to avoid fear. Gradually, the distance at which the shot is carried out will need to be reduced.
The owner must introduce the dog to the prey. The pet should learn to remain calm and still when looking at it and receiving a command from a person. Nataska takes more time than training. It is required to start it with one type of production. Gradually, you can introduce the drathaar to other animals suitable for fishing.
Hunting for a duck is best in early autumn or spring. Before you go fishing with a dog, you need to feed her well. When flying, drathaara must be left on land. All killed or wounded game should be temporarily left in the water. A dog is sent for her only after the hunt comes to an end.
After hunting in cool weather, upon returning home, you should carefully wipe the pet and leave it in a well-warmed room.
It is undesirable to teach a dog to go to bed immediately. She must learn at this moment to monitor the place where the game falls. So it will be easier for her to find prey.
The hardest thing Drathaaru can handle is a wounded duck. When chasing after her in the water, the animal loses a lot of strength. If in 15 minutes the dog did not bring the game, then it is best to postpone its search for a couple of hours. By this time, the duck itself will come ashore and it will be easier to grab.
On a hare
Drathaaras hunt hares well. Having found the beast, the dog immediately sends a signal to its owner. She herself is able to independently catch a hare if he stops.
Representatives of this breed are easily able to explore the vast territory in search of a hare.
The hunt for a hare with such a dog in most cases is successful, as it manages to smell the dead animal. She also perfectly copes with the task of finding rabbit wounded animals.
On black grouse
Many people like to hunt black grouse and other birds. To help catch prey will help Drathaar. He will smell the bird, and then the game will not be able to hide. The dog will give a signal to the hunter and will wait for his command. The person at this moment should go the distance of the shot and command the animal to raise the black grouse. After Drathaar expels him from a hidden place and substitutes it directly under the shot.
Hunting will take place according to such a plan only if the dog has good endurance. She must humbly wait for the owner’s command, without taking any action.
Wild boar hunting
During the hunt for wild boar, the dog is engaged in tracking down prey. This is its main task set by the owner. As soon as the drathaar discovers the beast, he immediately begins to wait for the man’s command. He should try to keep the boar in every possible way with his bark.
If the owner is not able to train the drathaar on his own, then he should use the services of professional masters who train and train dogs.
The history of the origin of the drathaars
Drathaar is a “product” of many years of work by German breeders. This is also hinted at by the name of the breed itself, which means “wire hair” in German. The history of the breed began in the middle of the XIX century. The dog breeders and breeders of Germany came up with the idea to develop a new variety of gundog that would combine the best working qualities of their predecessors.
Interesting fact: Considerable requirements were put forward for the “future model”: it had to be hardy, with excellent instinct and hearing, and hunt both field and swamp game well.
In the course of a large number of experimental breeding, breeders finally managed to get a generation of hunting dogs that met all of the above requirements and had tough and coarse hair.
The following breeds of hunting dogs were used as initial genetic material: poodles, pointers, griffons of Cortals, shtikhelhaara. As experience shows, the cross-breeding of representatives of precisely these breeds made the Drathaars ideal hunters capable of working even in bad weather.
Draatharas gained public recognition quite quickly - in the 70s of the XIX century, and already in 1902, the first profile club was founded in Germany. After a couple of decades, this breed was included in the register of the International Cynological Federation. Surprisingly, in such a short time the breed managed to gain popularity in most countries of Western Europe, including the very conservative Great Britain.
As for the New World, there the drathaars were not immediately recognized, because the Americans, accustomed to using exclusively highly specialized dogs in hunting, were distrustful of the new breed for a long time.
Drathaar - breed description
Drathaar has a very harmonious and expressive appearance. However, this breed is not valuable in its uniform appearance, therefore, to obtain an expert assessment, each individual must undergo field trials. By the standards of the breed, the draathar is a fairly high and strong dog of several square format weighing 23-32 kg.
- Males - up to 68 cm,
- Females - up to 64 cm.
The dog’s head is quite large, somewhat square. A characteristic appearance of the head is provided by a mustache, beard and pronounced brow arches. The dog’s eyes are usually dark with a specific demanding and attentive look.
The entire body of the dog, starting from the neck, is quite wide and muscular. The chest is voluminous, oval. The tail is set horizontally. All four legs of the Draathar are quite strong, well-filled and muscular. The movements of the animal are sweeping and smooth, and the dog runs usually with his head held high.
The coat on different parts of the dog’s body has a different length (2-4 cm). Necessarily there is a “beard” on the face, groin and belly more overgrown with hair. The structure of the coat is dense (undercoat) and stiff (outer hairs).
According to VDD rules, the assessment of the appearance of each individual of the Draathar breed is carried out according to only two parameters: wool and shape. The maximum score is 12 points for each parameter. Dogs with grades of 10/10 are recommended for breeding, while the minimum grade for this tolerance is 6/6.
Important fact: Even having the highest marks, a drathaar may be disqualified if it does not show any hunting abilities and is very afraid of a shot from a gun.
Defects in the appearance of the draathar, which usually prevent exhibition samples from getting high scores:
- Lack of teeth
- Too short or too pointed muzzle,
- Rare coat with rare undercoat,
- Drooping eyelids
- Humpbacked back
- Crooked limbs
- Wrong gait.
As for the complete disqualification, then animals with too obvious malformations fall under it:
- Misalignment of the jaws
- Different eye color
- Wrong color
- Kink of the tail.
Popular Drathaar colors
Drathaar wool is a fairly dense coat, consisting of hard "wire" basic hairs and a very thick waterproof undercoat. This coat can protect dogs from accidental injuries during hunting and in bad weather. As mentioned above, the length of the coat in different parts of the dog’s body can be different.
This means that on the head of the ears and abdomen, the hair is shorter (2 cm), and in other places it is longer (4 cm). In addition, on the face of the animal, the hair forms a rather expressive “beard” and “eyebrows” - distinctive features characteristic only for this breed.
For drathaar, very typical are the densely speckled colors of brown and black, occasionally supplemented by blurry spots, usually located on the sides. Rare-mottled color options and brown versions are also allowed. Moreover, in purely brown dogs quite often there is a noticeable longitudinal white mark on the chest - “tie”.
The most common colors of drathaars:
- Brown-gray with spots
- Brown-gray without spots,
- Black and gray with spots
- Black and gray without spots
- Uniform brown
- Uniformly brown with a white spot ("tie") in the chest area,
It is worth noting that the British, individuals with a white spot on their chests are usually ruthlessly rejected and under no circumstances are allowed to exhibitions, because, according to the English standard, such an addition to the color is considered unacceptable. Even if the dog will be a wonderful hunter three times, if he has a “tie”, the path to breeding and receiving high awards in the UK will be cut off forever.
The nature and habits of the drathaars
Thinking about acquiring a drathaar puppy, it is important for its future owner to understand that these dogs are only 20% pet, while the remaining 80% are hunters, and to the bone marrow. For this reason, they, like true hunters, are ready to dangle all day long through forests, fields, meadows or swamps in search of the coveted trophy.
First of all, the hunting instincts lead the breed. If a pet is deprived of the opportunity to run after game or at least for a mouse, it will turn into a sad shadow of a cheerful dog. So for those who do not like hunting, there is no point in acquiring drathaar.
The nature of these hunting dogs is not aggressive, but they are rather suspicious and distrustful of strangers, so sometimes they can turn out to be good watchmen. Drathaars also make excellent companions. These dogs also do not offend children, they are very willing to play a variety of active games with them. So, if there is no way to take Dratthaar for a walk, you can, as an exception, leave him for an hour with the kids.
The main character traits of drathaar:
- Craving for dominance.
The last item on the list may cause misunderstanding between the owner and the dog. So if the owner has an excessively complaisant character, the dog will not at all be averse to turning him into the executor of his desires.
As for education, it is not more difficult to raise this breed than any other. An important point: these good-natured cops need a serious mentor who will not only not allow themselves to be manipulated, but will not be too strict.
Interesting facts about Drathaara
Drathaars are very common in the USA, as well as in the countries of Northern and Central Europe. Today, approximately 40% of all German hunting dogs are bearded hunters.
It is believed that these dogs can be security guards in a private house. Of course, due to the imperfection of the selection, the nature of the drathaars may change, but in Germany the use of drathaars as watchmen is usually suppressed.
Dogs of this breed, living in their fenced area, do not mind loudly barking at passers-by. At the same time, the courageous appearance, visible from behind the fence, usually makes an indelible impression on people. With the housing maintenance and regular walking along the city streets, the dogs behave much calmer and friendlier.
Conflicts between the male Drathaars are not uncommon, but rather the norm. The reason for this behavior is that all males of this breed tend to dominate, not only over their own kind, but also over the owners. By the way, the rather steep disposition of most males is more than offset by reliability during hunting.
With their rather masculine appearance, the drathaars are very friendly, both with adults and with children.
Despite their vigor and some audacity, the drathaars and their masters often establish a literally spiritual connection, which, after several joint hunting seasons, often transforms into the so-called “collective mind”.
Due to the hard and dense coat, the drathaar feels quite comfortable not only in the rain, but also in a rather severe frost.
Pros and Cons of Drathaars
The dog of the Drathaar breed is simply a unique find for a hunting lover.
The breed has a considerable list of advantages, which can be much more:
- Adaptation to adverse environmental and weather conditions,
- High efficiency,
- Living mind
- Strength, passion, determination, reliability,
As mentioned above, the list of advantages of drathaar can be expanded, even more, but on one condition: the owner of the dog must be an experienced hunter who has many years of practice and is ready to invest time and money in his four-legged helper. After all, these dogs are not at all created for an idle and calm life - give them a hunt. Moreover, the more often this will happen, the better.
If for some reason the condition is not met, then the minuses are often found in the drathaar:
- Excessive mobility and activity,
- The need for constant monitoring
- Lack of delicacy,
- The manifestation of a tendency to dominate.
It is important for the future owner of the drathaar to understand that training this dog is not easy and simple, and really good hunting training is a very rare and expensive service.
According to the majority of regularly practicing hunters, representatives of this breed, it is better to start training in hunting, training only one type of prey. In the homeland of the Dratkhaars, in Germany, they disagree with this and train the cops to work with several varieties of game at once.
Since the passion for hunting in these dogs is genetically based, they can often catch game without even having a special training course. For example, drathaaras living in the private sector often bring their owners "gifts" in the form of mice, hamsters, squirrels or rats.
Since drathaar is one of the most famous cops in the world, active work is being carried out with this breed on breeding and improving all available qualities.
Both nurseries and private owners are engaged in breeding drathaars. However, in this process there are many features, in particular a rather careful selection of pairs by color. This is done due to the fact that in some color combinations there is a high probability of the appearance of offspring with non-standard colors. Another important criterion for assessing the breeding value of drathaar producers is the presence of working qualities and the ability to transfer them to offspring.
Dogs in kennels are usually kept year-round in open-air cages, but always with an insulated booth. This is possible due to their dense and thick coat. An exception to the rule are only pregnant females and small puppies, which for a certain period should be kept in a relatively warm room.
It is worth noting that the constant presence on the street, regular physical activity, proper nutrition well affect the general health and appearance of dogs. All draatkhara-producers in the nursery must be vaccinated annually and checked for a number of diseases.
- Dysplasia of the elbow and hip joints,
- Von Willeband disease,
- Exfoliating osteochondritis of the shoulder joints.
Selection of future couples in nurseries is not an easy procedure with a whole range of mandatory features and taking into account the advantages and disadvantages of both partners. As a rule, the breeding male should be slightly superior to the female in quality.
After all of the above, is it necessary to say that in all respects it is better to get a drathaar puppy in a specialized nursery than from a private breeder?
Drathaar is a fairly unpretentious breed. A dog can live in a house or apartment, and in an aviary. Eating is also not particularly picky. You can bathe a dog with shampoo 2-3 times a year, but you can do this altogether. As for the claws, most often their trimming is not required for the simple reason that they grind themselves.
If the owner of the dog is a large esthete, then caring for it can be made more civilized. For example, to regularly inspect the ears, eyes, paw pads, partitions between the fingers, strengthen antiparasitic measures to prevent infection with helminths and ticks. You can also constantly monitor the appearance of the coat. This is especially true during molting or if the dog regularly takes part in exhibitions.
At the same time, it is important to understand that the structure and density of the coat varies among different representatives of the breed, on which, in fact, the severity of the molt depends. For stiff and long hair of the animal, regular combing is necessary. If this is not done, then an excessive undercoat may form, and the remaining hair will not fall out completely during shedding. Too soft hair on the head of puppies and juniors is very desirable to trim before the age of one year. The same goes for wool that is too long, because it will interfere very much during hunting.
Drathaaras are completely not afraid of water and really like to swim in water bodies, therefore it is not worth depriving them of this opportunity, since a constant excess of energy requires an exit. Dogs also like to engage in any sport: running, jumping, playing catch-up.
Experience has shown that drathaaras are not particularly picky about nutrition. So the owner of the dog always has a choice of what kind of food to feed his pet: special dog food or natural products. The main thing here is that the nutrition is well balanced. It is worth noting that the tendency to food allergies in drathaars is not observed.
When feeding a four-legged friend with natural products, it is important to consider that in order to maintain high physical activity, high-protein products must be present in his diet. From this it follows that the daily menu of drathaar should consist of one third of porridge, vegetables, fruits and two thirds of not too fatty meat and offal. It is better for animals to give vegetables and fruits to animals: pears, apples, carrots, greens, zucchini, pumpkin. From protein products: meat and offal, fish, kefir, cottage cheese, eggs. In this case, it is very important not to overfeed the dog and be sure to monitor its weight.
Interesting fact: A healthy adult drathaar should weigh no more than 32 kg. The amount of food that the dog should receive at one time depends on the conditions of detention and loads. So it turns out that the dog, which is kept on the street in the aviary, should receive a little more feed than the one that lives in the apartment or house.
It is interesting, but domestic dog breeders prefer to feed the drathaars with the “natural”, while Europeans are more likely to feed them with dry food. Well, to each, as they say, his own. When choosing dry food, it is important to focus not only on its manufacturer, class, but also on the percentage of protein content, which should not be lower than 30%. Sometimes owners also practice a mixed method of feeding. According to professionals, this option cannot be called ideal, so it is widely criticized.
Diseases and Health Problems
Natural endurance, laid down at the genetic level and an active lifestyle, cannot insure German wire-haired cops one hundred percent, therefore, although quite rarely, they still get sick. At the same time, most dog handlers and the VDD breed club are still inclined to believe that, in general, the genetics of drathaar is quite healthy.
It is important for owners of such dogs to know that the causes of most of their pet's diseases are:
- High physical activity,
- Features of practical application,
- Large size
- Skeleton structure,
- The structure of the wool.
The list of the most common diseases of drathaar:
- Hip dysplasia
- Osteochondritis of the shoulder joints (exfoliating),
- Intestinal inversion,
- Stomach inversion,
- Eye pathology (inflammation),
A separate problem of these dogs is the fairly frequent cuts of the nose, snout, paw pads, as well as snake bites and poisonous insect bites during hunting. After all, an animal in hunting excitement rushes into the most impenetrable thickets, not noticing anyone and nothing around it.
It is important for the owner of the drathaar to bear in mind that these dogs carry cold and slush much better than the heat and exposure to direct sunlight. Therefore, in the summer it is important to provide a four-legged friend with shelter from the sun and access to clean water. Also, because of their love of swimming, especially in the off-season, when the water in the reservoirs is very cold, the drathaars, by their stupidity, can seriously overcool and even catch pneumonia.
A representative of this breed, which eats well, moderately active, can usually live up to 13-14 years, and take part in hunting for up to 10 years.
Drathaar - price and how to buy
Having decided to purchase a drathaar puppy, it is advisable for its future owner to visit a specialized profile club or section of the breed that is involved in monitoring the breeding activities of nurseries. This is important to obtain the most complete information about the mating and true titles of the representatives of the breed.
The rules for choosing a puppy in the kennel are as follows:
- If the puppy has a weakly expressed "beard" and "mustache", it is better to postpone its acquisition for a month or two. It is possible that the hair on the face will grow back during this time. If this did not happen, then you can safely refuse the puppy, because it does not meet the standard, and therefore will not be able to take part in exhibitions and be a producer,
- For those who are planning on acquiring an excellent hunter, it will not be amiss to ask if his parents have such an experience. Ideally, a puppy whose parents have two diplomas in field and swamp game will become a very capable hunter,
- It is also important to observe the behavior of the puppy in the pack. More suitable for purchase are individuals who are curious and try to dominate their relatives,
- Owners without experience are better suited for girls, respectively, more experienced are boys. The thing is that females are considered more flexible and contact, and males - more stubborn and prone to domination.
As for the cost, the average price for a drathaar puppy is in the range of $ 350-550. If the puppy's parents have a lot of exhibition and hunting titles, then its price starts at $ 500. The most attractive offers in terms of price can be found on the sites of free classified ads. Of course, virtual sellers have no guarantees regarding purebreds, but the price here is corresponding - $ 70-120.
First of all, the draathar is a hunting breed. This dog is ideal for the owner - a hunting lover and is able to become a reliable and loyal companion for him. Also draathar loves children and loves to play outdoor games with them. Aggression to humans in this breed is completely absent, but sometimes some manifestation of jealousy towards the host is possible.
How did the breed appear
The first Deutschratharas appeared in Germany in the 19th century. The goal was to bring a universal hunter - hardy, strong and obedient. Several breeds were taken as a basis: kurtshaaras, pointers, griffins and others.
At first, the dogs were not very popular, the bearded dog with hard hair seemed ugly, the owners preferred English breeds. But soon, experts noticed the universal hunting abilities that the drathaars showed, even those who grew up and lived on an ordinary farm.
The breed was born in 1902, when cynological enthusiasts working in this direction decided to join forces.And the result pleased: there was a versatile cop, suitable for hunting any animal, with a practical coat.
In the Soviet Union, drathaar appeared after the war, when trophy dogs of this breed began to be brought from Germany. Over time, an excellent hunter was appreciated, a club of breed lovers and nurseries appeared in the country, where the breed was bred. The most popular was the Moscow Red Star.
What should look like drathaar
When breeding the breed, the working qualities of the dog were paramount, they did not pay attention to its appearance. Therefore, some now say that the dog is ugly or, even worse, generally scary. But this is not at all true.
Drathaar has an athletic physique, beautiful sweeping and flowing movements, a muscular neck and a strong back.
Color can be of several types:
- Brown or black in a speck, dense spots are acceptable.
- Brown, white spots on the chest are acceptable.
- Black in a rare speck.
The coat is very stiff, resembles a wire. The undercoat is very dense and thick. A beard and thick eyebrows are clearly visible on the face. According to them, doychdrathaara can always be distinguished. Interestingly, puppies are born almost naked.
Height at withers - up to 64 cm for a female and up to 68 cm for a male.
The muzzle of the drathaar is always somewhat omitted. The head is wide, a distinctive feature is the developed superciliary arches and a pronounced frontal part.
In a dog of this breed, the nose is highly pigmented, with wide nostrils. The lips are thick, should not sag. The dog has 42 teeth. If the lower incisors are completely blocked by the upper ones, the bite is correct.
The eyes are dark, very expressive. If the dog is not worried, her eyes are alert and lively. She always listens carefully.
Character, upbringing, to whom the breed is suitable
It’s not for nothing that the breeders have long perfected the working qualities of the drathaar. An almost universal hunting dog came out. Such a partner of the hunter works in the forest and in the field, on a bloody trail and on the supply of game. Due to its thick and dense undercoat and webbed feet it is ideal for hunting on the water. As early as a month and a half, puppies begin to try to hunt.
The dog is very active and energetic, she needs to move a lot.
Such a dog was born to work and can not do without it for a long time. She should always have something to do. Drathaar, which does not waste energy, can become nervous and naughty.
Drathaar will never be a sofa dog. Such a pet is ideal for hunters or as a service dog. The private house will be a good security guard on condition of free walking. But the neighbor's chicken or cat, wandering to the site, is unlikely to come out alive.
People who do not have the time and place for a long walk and activities with a dog, it is better to choose a different breed.
Deutchdrathaar is a very smart and smart dog. From two months old, puppies are able to learn the first commands. Puppies are very nimble and quick-tempered, therefore they require that they pay a lot of attention. They really do not like to be alone, a couple of hours is the maximum. An unattended drathaarchik is capable of dragging something forbidden into his mouth, especially during a change of teeth (housekeeping shoes are a favorite dish), breaking something, or simply constantly whining from boredom. And what to expect from a child? And the puppy grows up quite late - by almost two years.
Dog handlers say that training a puppy should be persistent and consistent. Get ready to give the dog a lot of attention and time. But believe me, it's worth it.
Nutrition and Care
Deutschdrathaar does not need special care. The hard coat is capable of self-cleaning, the dog does not need to bathe, just one - two times a year. The dog needs to be combed out 1-2 times a week, trimming and haircuts are not needed, they worsen the quality of the coat. If the animal goes hunting, do not forget to inspect the paws and eyes, the dog may step on the thorn, pollen and grass seeds get into the eyes. The dog has to move a lot, so the claws sharpen themselves.
Hunting dogs are thought to need natural food. However, supporters of dry food believe that high-quality dog food is in no way inferior to natural. The owner decides how to feed the dog, but it should be remembered that natural foods should not be mixed with dry ones.
Puppies need fractional frequent feeding, 4-5 times a day in small portions. From the year the animal begins to feed twice a day. The portion should be high-calorie, but not voluminous, so as not to stretch the stomach. The dog's diet (for supporters of natural nutrition) should include meat, porridge on meat broth, eggs (no more than two per week), lactic acid products. Natural cow milk is best avoided, it can cause indigestion.
Drathaar is a hardy dog with good health. But there are diseases to which they are genetically predisposed. Among them are ear diseases, skin cancer, eye infections. Arthritis and bursitis of the elbow and hip joints are possible. And, of course, do not forget about timely vaccinations against infections: plague, parvovirus enteritis (popularly - olympic shirt), etc. An annual rabies vaccination is also required, especially if the dog is involved in hunting.
Where to buy a puppy of Deutchdrathaar
You can buy a drathaar puppy in the kennel, from the owner by advertisement, from the breeder or at the zoo market. If you need a purebred dog for exhibitions, it is better to contact the nursery. There you will receive all the necessary documents for the puppy.
The price of a puppy in different regions of Russia varies from 19 to 65 thousand rubles, without documents a dog will cost much cheaper.
Drathaar, or the German Wire-haired Pointing Dog - a breed of hunting-dog cops, was bred in Germany in the 19th century. Dogs are called dogs with an innate tendency to do a stance on game. The name of the breed comes from the German words “draht”, which means “wire” and “haar”, which translates as “hair”.
In the second half of the XIX century, in connection with the collapse of the feudal system in Germany, extensive, generally accessible hunting grounds were formed. Arose at the same time, in the process of industrialization, the German middle class began to hunt in these hunting areas and needed a new breed of hunting dogs. This new breed of dog was supposed to be multifunctional, able to work effectively in a wide variety of often difficult natural and climatic conditions. The new breed of dogs had to be hardy, possess excellent instinct and be able to work on the most different types of game.
To create a new breed of hunting dog, German hunters used the blood of existing dog breeds: Airedale, Griffon Cortals, Poodle Pointer. In addition to these, the creation of the German Drathaar was attended by: English pointers and setters, a water poodle, as well as mountain shepherd dogs. Among the modern breeds of hunting dogs, the closest relatives of the drathaars are the kurzhaars and langhaars.
Drathaara, as a breed of hunting dogs, absorbed the best working qualities of the breeds of its predecessors: great physical strength, endurance, hunting excitement. A characteristic feature of the drathaar that distinguishes it from other breeds of hunting dogs is its coarse, stiff coat. It is the coat of drathaar that explains many of its good working qualities, the ability to work in adverse conditions.
The recognition of drathaar as a magnificent breed of hunting dogs came to them among German hunters in the 70s of the XIX century. In 1902, a German Drathaar breed club was founded in Germany. In 1924, the breed was officially recognized at the international level by the International Cynological Federation. Gradually, the recognition and popularity of Drathaar spread throughout the European continent, including Great Britain.
In the United States, drathaaras appeared in large numbers in the postwar years, the breed was recognized by the American Kennel Club in 1959. Initially, the drathaar was not particularly popular with American hunters, who were accustomed to the more highly specialized breeds of hunting dogs, but gradually the drathaar gained recognition among them.
Nowadays, the Drathaar is still working on breeding and improving the pedigree of these wonderful hunting dogs. Drathaar is one of the most famous dog breeds in the world. Every year, the popularity and number of drathaars in our country is growing.
The breed standard is determined by the breed characteristics to which the drathaar must comply:
- Drathaar is a noble-looking dog with an attentive and energetic expression, with a tough coat that protects the skin well. The movements of the drathaar are powerful, sweeping, smooth and harmonious.
- Drathaar is a large breed of dogs, male growth at the withers 61-68 cm, females 57-64 cm.
- Drathaar should not be too thin, but should not be too overweight. A male must weigh 27-32 kg, a female a little less.
- Drathaar has a well-developed skeleton and muscles, the skin of the drathaar should be of medium thickness, dense, elastic, without folds.
- The chest of Drathaar is wide, deep, the front part is well developed. The ribs are curved. False ribs form a smooth transition from the chest to the stomach.
- The back is straight, strong, muscular. The withers are pronounced, protruding above the line of the back, long, well developed. The top line is straight, slightly sloping from the withers to the croup. The croup is wide, long, slightly sloping and very muscular. The pelvis is wide. The loin is short, wide, and muscular. The abdomen is moderately matched.
- The head of the drathaar must be appropriate for the size of the body and floor of the dog. The skull of the drathaar is flat, moderately wide, slightly rounded at the edges, the parietal part is slightly convex. The occipital protuberance is weakly expressed. The superciliary arches are distinct, covered with hair, which gives the dog a concentrated look. Smooth transition from forehead to muzzle.
- The muzzle is long, wide, strong. Muzzle slightly hunchy. The lips are thick, tight-fitting and not sagging, pigmented in the color of the coat color. On the face of the drathaar, in the area of the eyebrows, mustache and beard, the hair is slightly longer, which is a distinctive feature of its appearance.
- Nose with wide open nostrils, movable, color of the lobe in accordance with the main coat color.
- The teeth are large, healthy, the scissor bite is correct. Powerful jaws. 42 strong teeth.
- The eyes of the drathaar are of medium size, oval, slightly set obliquely, not rolled out and not set deep. The expression of the eyes is vibrant and vibrant. Eye color as dark as possible.
- Ears are hanging, medium length, set high and wide. The bases of the ears are wide, narrowing downward, rounded. Not collapsed.
- The neck is of medium length, very muscular, the line of the neck is slightly curved, the neck is oval in cross section. The length of the neck is equal to the length of the head.
- The front limbs of the drathaar when viewed from the front are straight and parallel, when viewed from the side, well located under the body of the dog, dry, bony, muscular. Shoulders, covered with strong muscles, well-fitting, obliquely set. The elbows are adjacent to the body, directed strictly backward, not turned in or out. The forearms are dry, bony, muscular. Metacarpus slightly inclined.
- The hind limbs, when viewed from the back, are straight, parallel to each other. Well-defined angles of the knee and hock. Long, wide and muscular thighs, with a well-defined angle of the hip joint. Strong knee joints. The legs are long, muscular, with distinct tendons. Metatarsus short, vertical.
- The front and hind legs are round-oval, arched, in a lump, with tight-toes. Paw pads are strong, rough, hard. The claws are strong, the ends are directed to the ground.
- The tail of the drathaar continues the line of the back, thicker at the base. When the dog is agitated, it holds its tail in a horizontal position or just above the line of the back. In many countries, the tail is docked; one third to half of the tail is left; in some countries, tail docking is prohibited by law.
- The coat of Drathaar is hard to the touch, thick, not long, and fits snugly to the body of the dog. The very name of the breed speaks of the stiffness of the Drathaar wool: drahthaar, translated from German as “wire hair”. The length of the hair on the body is 3-6 cm. On the head of the drathaar there are bushy eyebrows, a thick but not too long beard, and a slightly sticking mustache. The crown and ears are covered with shorter (up to 1.5 cm) and softer hair than on the body. The coat is shorter and stiffer on the legs than on the dog’s body. On the front legs there are short tows, on the hind legs they are not.
- The undercoat of the drathaar is also hard and very dense, not letting water pass to the body of the dog. It is the undercoat that allows the drathaar to hunt in the most difficult conditions, in water and snow. The undercoat becomes thicker in the cold season and when keeping the dog outdoors.
- The color of the drathaara can vary greatly. The main types of color: coffee, coffee on a silver background, coffee gray with specks, coffee with gray hair, completely silver gray. German hunters prefer dogs with darker shades of coffee color, often even with solid coffee color. It is believed that more contrasting colors are more visible in the autumn forest or in the swamp, especially at dusk.
- The dog of the Drathaar breed has a solid, balanced, manageable, harmonious character, does not shy before the game and when shot, it should not be cowardly and not evil.
- Drathaar is prone to domination, the owner of the drathaar should be a strong-willed person with a strong character, able to establish and maintain his leadership over the dog. For an owner who cannot become a leader for his dog, the drathaar can get out of control and become uncontrollable.
- Drathaar needs constant intellectual and physical stress, without which he will miss and splash out his unspent energy in the house.
- An adult, well-bred Drathaar is a friendly dog that gets along well with children, even small ones. School children are Drathaar's best friends in active games. But leaving the dog alone with the children, without adult control, is still not recommended.
- Drathaar is strongly attached not only to his master, but to all members of his family. Drathaar must be aware of its own significance, feel necessary, loved, full-fledged member of a friendly flock. In a critical situation, the drathaar is able to stand up both for himself and for any other member of his pack.
- Drathaar has innate protective qualities; it is an excellent guard and protector. Drathaar has a cautious attitude towards strangers, which can lead to aggression, then drathaar will loudly bark strangers until his master approaches. To develop too protective and protective instinct in drathaar is not recommended, as it can lead to a distortion in the psyche of the dog and dangerous behavior of the dog.
- The young drathaar must go through socialization in time and learn how to build smooth relationships with other dogs.
- Drathaar is a dog with highly developed hunting instincts, which can turn on at any time, if cats or other pets live in the house with the drathaar, this can lead to sad consequences, therefore, you should not keep other pets in the house where drathaar lives.
Drathaar, as a breed, has serious advantages that made this breed of dogs so popular both in our country and throughout the world:
- Drathaar is a universal gundog hunting dog, with which you can hunt a variety of game species, ranging from quail and snipe up to wild boar and elk.With drathaar, you can hunt swamp-meadow, field, pine forest, waterfowl, and also use it for animal hunting.
- A serious advantage of the drathaars is their dense, waterproof coat. Wool protects the dog like chain mail; thanks to its coat, the drathaar is not afraid of cold, water, thorns, spikes, sharp branches and insects. The length of the coat along the body of the drathaar reaches 3-6 cm, the stomach, chest, and back are well protected. The shoulders and hips are covered with longer hair. Even on the ears and the crown of the hair, the length of the coat reaches 1.5 cm. In addition, the entire body of the dog is covered with a soft and thick undercoat, which becomes thicker in the cold and when kept outdoors.
- Drathaar possesses excellent physical characteristics, great endurance, good intellectual abilities, and lends itself well to training and training.
- Drathaaras have a balanced type of nervous system, due to which they are easily controllable, an undesirable stimulated effect can be easily inhibited. All this makes the drathaara dog comfortable to train and easy to live in the house.
Disadvantages of drathaar
With all the advantages of drathaar, they also have some disadvantages:
- Drathaar likes to be in charge, wants to rule and control his territory. Due to the tendency to dominate, the master of the drathaar must be a strong-willed person with a strong character, able to establish and maintain his leadership over the dog, otherwise the drathaar will get out of control.
- Drathaar is a dog that needs serious physical exertion, otherwise it will spend its energy in an undesirable direction. If you are not ready to provide long, long walks to the Drathaara, you better not get such a dog.
- Drathaar has a suspicious attitude towards strangers, which can easily turn into aggression. Developing a protective and protective instinct in drathaar is not worth it, as this can lead to a distortion in the dog's psyche and dangerous behavior of the dog in relation to others.
Features of training and education
When choosing and buying a puppy, you need to study the pedigree of the puppy, make sure that the ancestors of the puppy have working diplomas. It is better to involve a specialist puppy in the study of documents, who will be able to verify the information indicated there through his channels. It will be very good if you look at the puppy's parents at work, either on a real hunt or on a field test.
It will be better if Natasha Drathaara is engaged in by a professional natasa, even better if you will do it yourself, but under the control of an experienced natasa.
Any nataska drathaara begins with establishing close contact and trust between the dog and its owner.
Drathaar is a very energetic, active and agile dog, before starting training with the drathaar, you need to give him the opportunity to throw out excess energy and only after that start training.
Drathaar perfectly feels the owner’s mood, which is transmitted to the dog, if you are tired or irritated, it is better not to train the dog at all on this day, nothing good will come of it anyway.
An excessively severe punishment or a long tedious drill can put the drathaara in a state: "I don’t hear anything, I don’t understand anything, I don’t know anything." Do not bring your dog to this state.
Drathaar must understand his position in the pack, sometimes he can try himself in the place of the leader of the pack, such attempts must be immediately suppressed.
The punishment of a drathaar should first of all be verbal, with the correct intonation. Mechanical action (pressing the dog to the ground, pulling the leash) is permissible in extreme cases. You don’t need to beat drathaar.
The Nataska Drathaara must be handled by a professional who knows the peculiarities of Nataska Continental Pointing. The best option is when the owner of the dog is engaged in Nataska under the guidance of an experienced puppy. Improper training can ruin even a good dog very quickly.
Maintenance and care
When maintaining the drathaar, the owner should pay attention to some points:
- Drathaaras are not picky about food. The owner of the dog can choose what to feed the dog with: natural products or specialized dog food, the main thing is that the food is complete and properly balanced. Drathaaras are not prone to allergies.
- When feeding Drathaar with natural foods, keep in mind that there should be high protein foods in your diet to keep your dog at a high level of physical activity. The diet of drathaara should consist of 2/3 of meat and 1/3 of cereals and vegetables. Of fruits and vegetables, it is better to give drathaaru: apples, pears, zucchini, greens. It is desirable to include in the diet: cottage cheese, kefir, eggs and fish.
- It is important not to overfeed the drathaar, monitor the weight of the drathaar, it should be between 27-32 kg. The size of the portion of food that you give the dog depends on the conditions of detention and load, the street dog should receive more food.
- Drathaar is a breed of dog that has a pronounced seasonal molt. It is important to properly monitor the hair of the drathaar. Once every two weeks, the drathaara needs to be combed out with a special brush or massage mitten. The beard and mustache of the Drathaar must be washed as they become soiled.
- You need to bathe drathaara no more than once a month. Bathing too often will cause the dog’s coat to lose its natural shine due to the loss of body fat that protects the dog’s coat from contamination. When bathing a drathaar, it is advisable to use an odorless shampoo so that the dog does not lose its hunting sense.
- The hanging ears of a drathaar need the constant attention of the dog owner. They should always be dry and clean. Dirt is removed from the ears with a cotton swab or a damp cotton pad. If you see that your drathaara scratches its ears very much, consult your veterinarian; your dog may have ear mites.
- Watch out for the eyes of Drathaar, they should be shiny and clean. For eye care, you can wipe them with a cotton pad dipped in mild tea. If the eyes of the drathaar are very watery or festering, the dog urgently needs to be shown to the veterinarian.
- In summer, the claws of drathaar grind on the ground by themselves during long walks; in winter, you may have to cut the claws with a clipper once a month.
- Drathaar is a lively and energetic dog breed, which is very difficult to live in a cramped city apartment. Ideal conditions for him is a private house with a large local area. Some owners keep the drathaars in the apartment, in this case it is important to provide the dog with physical activity and be sure to take it out for hunting.
- Drathaar, who lives in an aviary on the street, must have a canopy that protects the dog from the sun and rain, and a booth. The booth must necessarily be two-layer, with a vestibule, the dimensions of the booth must be such that the dog can stand in it at full height.
- In severe frosts, below -25 degrees, take drathaar to a warm room.
- Drathaar needs long serious walks, just a walk in the yard will not work. One walk should be at least 2-3 hours long, the rest at least 20-30 minutes. It is advisable to accompany the walk with activities with the dog: run with the dog, throw the ball. Without serious physical exertion, everything will result in the destruction of the apartment, aggression and stress from boredom.
- When walking in places where it is likely to meet cats or other pets, the drathaar should walk on a leash.
- Drathaar is a dog created for hunting, if the owner cannot hunt with it, then you need to find some alternative replacing the hunt.
- Drathaar, like any dog, should have its own personal place where the dog should feel like a mistress. When the dog is in its place, no one should disturb and disturb it.