Like all coolhounds, dogs of this breed are usually good-natured and very sociable. Their timidity or aggression in accordance with the UKC standard is considered culling in the breed. They have a strong, almost stubborn, will and these dogs need to have more patience in training than with other breeds. Young individuals are often extremely active and playful, craving human attention in addition to the abundance of other exercises. The English kulhound will not calm down indoors and should be avoided by people who do not want to see a dog on their couch or in bed. Representatives of this breed are excellent family pets and, despite being bred for hunting, can get along well within the group. English coolhounds are also adequate as guard dogs, their barking is characterized by melodicity with lasting, or short-explosive sounds.
The character of American Bunhound
Kunhound dogs have a well-built athletic body. These are incredibly fast, hardy and energetic dogs, capable of traveling vast distances without effort. Dogs of the Kunhound breed are capable of developing incredible speed, they are universal dogs with a highly developed instinct of competition.
Coonhounds are slender, fit dogs, light and graceful. But despite this, strong and hardy. Dogs have a rather large head, an elongated muzzle, hanging ears and a long tail.
By their nature, Kunhounds are gentle and faithful, confident and fearless, cautious dogs. This breed of dog feels better in a pack, or at least paired with another dog. Kunhounds very well treat children and other animals with which they grew up and were brought up. Kunhound dogs are very mobile, energy is in full swing, they are ready to break away at the first call of the owner.
Caring for American Coonhound
Coonhound's coat is tough, coarse and short. The dog should be cleaned regularly with a stiff brush to remove dead hair and dirt. They bathe Kunhound very rarely, only in extreme cases. It is very important to pay attention to the dog’s ears and clean them in time. It is also necessary to regularly check the feet for cuts.
Several types of Cunhound color can be distinguished: red-mottled, black and tan, red, tan, mottled blue.
American Kunhound Training
Training of dogs of breed Kunhound needs to be paid special attention. From a very early age, a dog must be taught to people (socialize) and animals. Rough training of these dogs with the use of physical force is not acceptable, as in principle of any animals. Kunhounds are pretty smart dogs, they need to be trained regularly, fairly encouraged or punished, and also show firmness and patience. Kunhound dogs are excellent hunters who can survive in the field. This is a working dog, able to adapt to any conditions.
Since the Kunhounds are very energetic and mobile animals, they are completely not adapted for life in a city apartment, and for life in the city in general. These dogs are able to contain only active people. Kunhounds are free, active dogs, and they can throw out all their energy only outside the city, in the countryside. If you close such a dog in the apartment or not give the opportunity to run well, then out of boredom it will begin to bark and harm property.
Diseases of American Kunhound
Of the diseases in dogs of the Kunhound breed, dysplasia of the hip joints is most often found.
The content of the article:
American English Coonhound or American English Coonhound is a breed bred in the United States of America. She is one of several varieties of kunhounds, namely: “Louisiana Catahoula Leopard Dog”, “Black and Tan Coonhound”, “Bluetick Coonhound”, “English Coonhound”, “Plott Coonhound”, “Redbone Coonhound” and “Treeing Walker Coonhound” . Representatives of the species specialize in catching raccoons, although they are equally capable of chasing almost any species of game that lives in North America, from rabbits to cougars.
This breed is rarely seen in urban areas. Although only recently it was recognized by the American Kennel Kennel Club (AKC), but in fact it is probably the most common purebred dog in America. The species is regularly ranked in the top five breeds in terms of the United Kennel Club (UKC). American English kunhound is more often referred to as "English Coonhound" and is also known under different names: "English Fox and Coonhound", "American English Fox Coonhound", "Redtick Coonhound", "English Coondog", "Redtick Coondog", "English Hound ”,“ Redtick Hound ”,“ English ”, and“ Redtick ”.
External parameters of American English Kunhound
A variety of these canids can be described as the “most typical” kunhound. This is a large breed, but, of course, not giant. Male representatives usually have from 55.88 to 68.58 centimeters of shoulder height and weigh from 22.68 to 29.49 kilograms. The height of female specimens is from 53.34 to 63.5 centimeters, and the weight is from 18.15 to 24.95 kilograms. American english coonhound is a working dog, and these features should be preserved.
- Head similar to the head of other coonhound breeds. It is slightly domed and proportional to the size of the body.
- Muzzle elongated and quite wide, which allows you to acutely smell and have the bite strength necessary to capture prey. The head and muzzle are connected relatively smoothly, but at the same time, remain clear. The lips are quite small, giving the face a square look. The dog has a significant amount of seemingly excess skin on its face and neck, although it will never look very wrinkled.
- Nose - quite large and usually black.
- Eyes - large, dark brown. Express kindness and tenderness.
- The ears - very long and wide. They usually hang down along the sides of the head, but can slightly go forward.
- Neck - strong, muscular, with a small suspension.
- Body - Well-chosen, square design, without exaggerated features. American English kunhound must be incredibly muscular, as befits one of the best athletes in the world of dogs. The dog is very durable, not overly thickened.
- Tail - medium in length and usually held upright with a slight curve, but never directly above the back.
- Forelimbs - long and strong. Hind - muscular with embossed hips.
- Paws - oval.
- Leather - slightly loose.
- Hair coat - varies from short to medium short. The structure of the integumentary hair is solid and has protective functions.
- Coloring American English subunits are the most variable of all subunits. AKC, and UKC recognize speckled red (redtick) or blue (bluetick), a tricolor with a speck. Red, white and black and white are also acceptable colors, while UKC favors white and lemon. Speckles are very small colored spots covering the dog’s coat. Sometimes, representatives of the species are born with an alternative color or pattern, for example, solid colored or tri-colored without mottling. These dogs are not allowed to participate in the show ring and should not be bred. But in other cases, they are the same capable hunting dogs and excellent pets, like other members of the breed.
Temperament American English Coonhound
American english coonhound has such manifestations of temperament as hunting dogs. For the most part, these are loving and loyal to all "pets" pets. It is known that such dogs intensively form close ties with their owners, and also often affectionately treat them. They are equally strongly attached to both the owner and family members. Properly raised kunhounds are gentle and tolerant of children. Many representatives love the company of children (especially those who give them food), forming close friendships with them.
Human aggression is considered by breeders of the variety as completely unacceptable to many American English boulders. This is reflected in the breed and trained as expected representatives are extremely "polite." Shyness is a flaw in some lines of the species, but not always. Many individuals are quite friendly and actively seek human communication. Custom pet greeting can be a problem. Without training, these dogs can jump on guests and lick their faces. Their voice sounds much louder than that of some other brothers. Due to the closed door, such a formidable barking can greatly frighten an attacker. However, these animals will be bad watchmen, because they really value communication with people and will not even attack the “intruder”.
American English coonhound shows a low level of aggression to its colleagues, as they were bred to work in large packs. Raised representatives of the variety recognize even "strange" brothers, and perfectly share their lives with several canine neighbors. Some members of the breed, especially males, will be somewhat annoying and dominant when they are kept in a pack, so you should always be careful when introducing new dogs. Potential problems can arise with very small doggies, which the American English kunhound quite possibly mistakenly perceive as prey.
The species’s ability to masterly hunt favors a high level of aggressiveness towards animals. Almost all representatives of the species will catch up, catch and kill almost any animal that they meet on their way. One of these pets, left alone in the yard for some time, will almost certainly “make happy” their owner with surprises in the form of dead animals. If you teach and socialize pedigree individuals, they are able to live peacefully next to domestic animals. But still, you shouldn’t completely trust them, the working disposition can take its toll, and the neighbors will look for the missing beloved cat.
Health Features of American English Kunhound
American english coonhound is considered a very healthy animal, and still they are bred almost like working and hunting dogs. Any hereditary diseases violate the dog’s ability to perform its duties, and therefore the affected individuals are removed from the work lines as soon as they are detected. The variety has extensive genetic material. Of course, the representatives of the species are sick, but to a much lesser extent than some of their brothers. The average life expectancy for a breed of this size is approximately 11-12 years.
Hip dysplasia is a known problem in American English Bunhounds, as well as for most purebred dogs. This disease is caused by malformation of the hip joint, which prevents the correct connection of the knee bone with the hip. As the dog ages, this leads to discomfort, pain, arthritis, difficulty in moving, and in severe cases, even to lameness.
Although hip dysplasia is genetically inherited, environmental factors can influence the time and severity of its occurrence. Despite the lack of generally accepted drugs for such an unpleasant flaw, there are a number of treatment methods that are characteristic of its symptoms, most of which are long-term and expensive. A series of tests have been developed to detect this disease, and responsible breeders use them to reduce the speed of its occurrence.
To identify such diseases before they made themselves felt, owners of American English kunhounds are advised to timely take their pets to check in specialized medical centers for animals that identify hereditary flaws. So the dog in old age can remain more healthy. "Defective" dogs will not be bred, which will improve the gene pool.
A complete list of health concerns for american english coonhound should include: hip and elbow dysplasia, ear infections, progressive retinal atrophy / PRA, cataracts, cracked paw skin, and stomach bleeding.
Requirements for the maintenance and care of American English Kunhound
- Wool representatives of the breed does not require constant attention and professional manipulation. Owners need to regularly comb out their pets, especially during molting, if they do not want to constantly vacuum the floor and clean household items in the house. Combing a four-legged friend on the street is much easier than cleaning the apartment. For short-haired dogs, a rubber mitten or brush with thick natural bristles is best. Usually, pets are combed out twice a week, and when changing the hairline - every day. In order for the “fur coat” to acquire a bright glow, at the end of the procedure it is wiped with a piece of leather (natural suede). Kunhounds, as a rule, hardly collect dirt on their “coats”, therefore they are rarely washed. It is important for such dogs not only to be able to choose the right makeup, but also to use it correctly. All shampoos have a strong concentration and if they are not diluted with water in a proportion of one to five, then dandruff may occur in the animal. It is convenient to apply the detergent by pouring it into the spray bottle and spraying the pet's hairline. Auxiliary "chemistry" should be completely washed away from the animal - its residues are extremely harmful. The dog dries naturally, but before it is wiped with a towel from excess moisture. Owners should ensure that there is no drafts in the room where the wet dog is located.
- Teeth American English Kunhound needs to be cleaned if you want to keep them clean and healthy. When a pet uses dry food, such manipulation can be performed less frequently, since solid particles help prevent plaque. For better cleaning of the dentition, you need to choose a quality paste and brush. Continuous execution of the procedure prevents the deposition of tartar, inflammation of the gums and bad smell from the jaws of the animal.
- The ears all fold dogs can be systematically cleaned of sulfur and dirt, the accumulation of which causes inflammation and infection. The simplest hygiene rules eliminate these problems, and properly selected preventative drugs make cleaning easier. The procedure is carried out once a week.
- Eyes American english coonhound carefully examined after the dog returned from the hunt. While catching the beast, the dog often does not notice small obstacles in its path. An eyeball can injure branches or thorns of a bush. The slightest suspicion of corneal damage is checked and treated by an ophthalmologist. If dust gets on the mucous membrane, then the eyes of the dog are rubbed with the help of pharmacy products.
- Claws such mobile four-legged workers often grind naturally. When the pet does not move much, for example, it gets sick, the length of its claws must be eliminated with claws or a file.
- Feeding American English kunhoundov requires an individual approach. When a pet is used on a hunt, food portions do more than on regular days. The composition of the food is selected full, enhanced and balanced, so that the dog regains the strength of the body. Working dogs are comprehensively selected for the prevention of diseases of the joints, ligaments and bones, usually glucosamine, chondroitin and omega-3. Vitamins and minerals are given separately if the pet eats natural foods. Professional feeds already contain everything you need, as specialists worked on them. Natural food consists mainly of lean meat with a small addition of cereals. Sour-milk products and some vegetables are also given.
- Walks. This breed is capable of hunting for a long time and in difficult terrain.Because of this, dogs have relatively high demands on physical activity. American English Kunhound should actively and daily train for at least 45 minutes, and preferably significantly more. This dog is an excellent companion for jogging, but prefers to use every opportunity to run without a leash. Pets work wonderfully in the countryside, and can not adapt to living in an apartment. Without appropriate loads, such dogs will show destructiveness, voice redundancy, nervousness and increased activity. However, as soon as they begin to train the kunhound normally, the dog is calm, and restrained in the house, will spend countless hours, serene resting on its bedding.
Parenting American English Kunhound
Like many hounds, these representatives of the breed are quite complicated for training classes. Although these animals are very affectionate, they are usually also incredibly stubborn. The decision made by American English Kunhound cannot be canceled and redirected. They are constantly trying to find a way to do something of their own, even when well trained.
In particular, this breed often almost does not respond to the call of the owner. When the dog attacks the track, he will follow it so purposefully, ignoring any calls to return. For this reason, this dog should always be kept on a leash in urban areas or near the roadway. As a rule, such pets are very motivated to eat, and respond much better to reward-based learning methods.
Since American English kunhounds work primarily at night, breeders selected individuals with the most pleasant sounding and loudest voices so that the hunter knew about their whereabouts. The sounds this breed makes are extremely frequent and incredibly loud (many of them can be clearly heard for a mile), and if they are not stopped, the dogs can bark for several hours in a row. Training and exercises will significantly reduce barking, but, of course, do not eliminate it at all, so such pets are not for the city.
The price of a puppy of American English Kunhound
The price of a puppy is from $ 500 to $ 1,000. See how the dog looks in the following video collection:
Height at the withers: males 56-69, females 53-64 cm.
Weight: males 23-30 kg., Females 18-27 kg.
At present, five varieties of kunhounds are known: Black and tan Kunhound (American Black Tan Coonhound), Red / Redbon Kunhound (Redbone Coonhounds), English / Reddick Coonhound (Redtick Coonhound), Mottled Blue Kunhound (Bluetick Coonhound) (Treeing Walker Coonhound). All breeds of Coonhounds were bred in South America in the states of Tennessee, Georgia and Kentucky. Officially, the FCI Breed recognized Black-tan Kunhound, and the remaining types were recognized as its varieties.
Extraordinarily beautiful, light, slender hound with an elongated head and long tail. Despite the graceful forms, strong and hardy. These dogs have a massive head, an elongated muzzle, hanging ears and a tail that is held horizontally.
The first mention of these dogs in America appears in the diary of researcher Desoto. He mentions that dogs were used for defense against the Indians, and not for fox, raccoon, or hare hunting. In 1650, the Englishman Robert Brookk brought with him a pack of English paratroopers of the Hounds (Foxhounds) to America.
Later, Thomas Walker, from Virginia, also imported dogs from England in 1742. These dogs were the primary source of all the Kunhounds. Difficulties were in adapting dogs of this breed to a much rougher American landscape and climate.
The tying up of local American Curs Dogs, which is a kind of “infernal mixture,” exceeded all expectations. A natural treeing instinct developed in Coonhounds, making them professionals in hunting for raccoon, possum, cougar and various species of bear. However, white breasts and white marks on the legs were added, which are sometimes still found in puppies today.
The main breed breeding was in the 19th century in the USA. There is nothing English left in this breed except the name. Several serious breeders who were passionate about this breed and infected with hunting excitement began breeding work to improve the necessary characteristics and bring out the best coonhound with ideal proportions and color.
One of the breed's enthusiasts was George F.L. Birdsong from Georgia, he was a passionate fox hunter and began breeding with his dogs, received as a gift in the 1840s from Dr. Thomas Henry Harris.
Gambling fox hunter George Washington (George Washington Maupin), from the state of Tennessee, acquired his dogs, also taking them out of England. The first litter that appeared in Tennessee was obtained from a red female nicknamed “Red May” (Speedwell Road x Alfred Johnson), jointly owned by George Washington and his brother Thomas Howard Maupin. The knitting was made on November 20, 1852 with a male Thomas Harris (Dr. Thomas Henry Harris) nicknamed "White Mag" ("White Mag"). Later this litter was sold by George.
Initially, he had a magnificent wire-haired black and tan deer hound - a male named Tennessee Lead, caught by Thomas Harris near the Kentucky and Tennessee state border and donated to George. A source has survived - "History of the Walker Hound" by Bob Lee, according to which, in November 1852, George Washington stayed at Crooksville's house overnight to come for a roe deer, and this Tennessee Lead male was stolen by his nephew Adam Madison (Adam Madison Maupin) and secretly taken to Kentucky.
Since July 1923, The Chase Magazine has published an article (authored by CJ Prouty) that describes the full story of the Coonhounds.
According to this source, the descendants of Thomas Walker, from Virginia, together with their dogs (approximately 8-9 individuals) in the mid-19th century moved from Virginia to Kentucky's Garrard County. It was the family of John Walker, having a son, John. At the age of ten, John W. Walker, visited his hunt for the first time, and has since become one of the most consistent fans of hunting games and hounds, along with his cousin and friend Adam Maupin, who has been breeding dogs and hunting for many years.
For 109 years, the hounds continued to breed in the Walker family, preserving the type of old English Foxhounds exported by their ancestor from England. They had long ears, a large nose (long and almost square) and a sonorous musical voice, which was pleasant in the many hours of pursuit of game on the hunt. By color, the dogs were mostly black and tan, some mottled and a few were pure red, pure white, pure black or brown (tan). However, this hound lacked speed due to weak legs and paws. Nevertheless, the dogs managed to hunt the deer and gray fox inherent in the area.
In 1855, at one of the hunts, a red fox was spotted that had not been found in this area before, which puzzled local hunters who were used to their gray foxes. Over the next few years (1855–1862), red foxes spread throughout Kentucky. The hunt for this fox was longer and more difficult, sometimes stretching for two days and for many miles. In such conditions, the dogs were not hardy enough to cope with a similar task. The performance of the hounds demanded perfection and breeding work was continued. Again, the search for the best working dogs for breeding began.
The Tennessee Lead, which was with a rather heavy skeleton, strong, well built, with shorter ears than the existing dogs in Kentucky, was again such an instance. He was the best red fox and deer hunter at the time. Mated to several Walker bitches, he gave excellent results. Many subsequent Kentucky dogs have their roots from Tennessee Lead. He produced many of the best bitches in Virginia, giving them fantastic working qualities besides voice.
John W. Walker traveled to hunting grounds until he was old. Even when weakness confined Mr. Walker to the bed, he was hunted in a wagon, where he lay flat on his back, listened to the sonorous screams of the rutting of his dogs, which made up most of his life.
In life, John W. Walker was the father of four children. The Walker brothers: Stephen (W. Stephen), Edwin (Edwin HJ), Wade (Wade) and Arch (Arch K.), in turn, continued the work of his father and later it was in honor of this family that the line of dogs was named Foxhound Walker (Walker Fox Hound). Walker dogs have always been one step ahead of the hounds of other dog breeders. But new fresh blood was needed.
The cousin of the four Walker brothers was Jason William Walker. In 1857, the dog breeder William Fleming from England purchased on a personal order and sent to America for Jason W. Walker two black, white and tan colors of English dogs. One of the dogs was a male named Rifler. On the first hunt, he successfully confirmed his working qualities. Another dog is a puppy bitch named “Marth”, mated in England by an unknown male.
Martha was born with five puppies: one girl of white color and four boys. But soon a misfortune happened - a white girl fell under the wagon and her legs were crippled. She was called "Mash Foot." Despite her disfigurement, she remained a good paratroop of the English Hound and gave some wonderful litters to puppies. Four males were named: Fox - kept by Jason Walker, Bally - owned by Durett White, Bragg - owned by Jeff Maupin and Troop - owned by Jack Martin (Jack Martin).
Subsequently, Marth was mated to Tennessee Lead, but died before the birth of the puppies.
As a matter of fact, these seven dogs: Rifler, Marth and her five puppies - completed the further American history of the Coonhounds. Later in the registration books their names were written with the prefix Imp. , from "Imported stock", which means "imported." It looked like: Imp.Rifler, Imp.Bragg.
To be completely consistent, this breed should be called the English Fox-Possum-Cougar-Bear-Kunhound, as it can be successfully used to hunt all these animals, but, fortunately, such a clumsy name did not take root.
The first dogs were called "Saddle backs." Most of them had BLACK saddle colors, but as a result of persistent selection, they managed to completely get rid of the black color.
It was officially recognized and registered by the breed at the beginning of the American Black Tan Coonhound, and the rest of the kunhounds became its variety.
In Kentucky, litters highlighted the Red Fox Hound in Estill County. The Red Foxhounds have shown astonishing results in fox and deer hunting. They could run all day in the snow, chasing the beast until the last moment. The established red color was framed and became known as Redbone Coonhounds and became the second coonhound breed registered in the UKC in 1902.
In 1905, it separated as an independent breed ENGLISH KUNHAUND (Redtick Coonhound). It was registered by the UKC under the name "English Fox" or "Red Kunhound" due to its red-speckled color. This dog also became known by the name of the area where it was bred as "Virginia Dog". An English kunhound named "Bones", owned by Colonel Leon Robinson, won one of the first National Kunhound Championships.
All other Hounds of the Kunhound received pedigree names later in the 20th century.
The BLUE-BLUE KUNHAUND (Bluetick Coonhound) was bred in Louisiana by crossing with imported from France Blue Gascon hounds (Bleu de Gascogne). The drawing on the face resembles the warlike coloring of the face of the Indians, which is considered as a sure sign of the constant readiness of the kunhound to hunt. These are universal hounds for hunting raccoon living on trees, fox and even puma.
YELLOW-BROWN KUNCHAUND (Treeing Walker Coonhound) was obtained on the basis of almost completely extinct by that time, the line of the first Foxhounds hounds introduced by Thomas Walker from England in 1742. This line of dogs was inherited in the family, and retained its working characteristics in the Walker Fox Hound Foxhounds. It was to them that Bloodhound was added later. This linear breeding gave us beautiful, very effective hunting dogs. In honor of their ancient ancestors, dogs received the name "Kunhound Walker" or "Wood Walker Hound". The resulting dogs acquired improved working qualities and differed from Bloodhound with a dry head without wrinkles and wrinkles, while maintaining an amazing similarity with their ancestors of the English Foxhounds. Used for hunting raccoon and possum. These hounds are so passionate about hot pursuit, maintaining a constant sense of game with an even high speed of pursuit, which seems to be impossible to stop. Unlike other Kunhunds, the driven animal is not killed, but waiting for the hunter.
The speckled-blue Cunhound in 1945 and the Yellow-Brown Cunhound in 1946 were also recognized as independent breeds, respectively.
Currently, English Kunhound (red) is popular with hunters in the United States and accordingly prevails in numbers. Significantly less successful are the Blue Kunhounds and the tricolor Kunhounds of Walker.
Warning : strip_tags () expects parameter 1 to be string, array given in /var/www/v002255/data/www/site/wp-includes/formatting.php on line 664
The English red-speckled kunhound has been known for many years, there is evidence that in the 17th century these dogs already existed. But, despite a centuries-old history, this breed is still not recognized by the International Cynological Federation. In addition to the red-speckled kunhound, there are four more kunhound breeds: red kunhound, speckled-blue kunhound, Walker kunhound and black and tan kunhound. Of these, only the black and tan kunhound received recognition, the rest of the breeds are classified as its varieties.
These are fearless and strong dogs, thanks to their instinct they easily find the beast and are hardy enough to chase it for a long time, moving quietly, but very quickly. For them there is no impassable terrain, weather conditions also do not play a role, dogs of this breed quickly adapt to both heat and cold. Usually they hunt with them in hot pursuit, although their instinct allows them to find the beast in the cold track.
The name weakly reflects the origin and purpose of this breed. Oddly enough, the English red-speckled kunhound appeared in the United States and has nothing to do with England. Although English breeds of dogs were definitely used in breeding this breed, for example, however, French hounds are equally ancestors of the kunhound. “Coonhaund” in the name of the breed also does not quite reflect reality, because with these dogs they hunt not only raccoons (coon (English) - raccoon), they perfectly show themselves in hunting for a bear, puma, possum. Fully true is only an indication of the color of the dog - "red-speckled."
Previously, the English red-speckled kunhound was a purely hunting dog, only with time they began to be started as companions. And they proved to be excellent pets, representatives of this breed are loyal to the owners and are friendly with all family members, including children and other pets. However, early socialization is very important for representatives of this breed. They have developed a watchdog instinct; these dogs are mistrustful of strangers. Kunhound training should not be an impossible task, they are smart and obedient. If the dog will participate in the hunt, it must be trained.
Of course, it is difficult to keep such a dog in the city, they are very energetic and freedom-loving, they need to do something constantly, and in the city this is not easy to realize. The rest of the English red-speckled kunhound unpretentious, easy-to-maintain dog. Their care is minimal, it is enough to brush their wool weekly. Representatives of this breed usually do not have health problems, only sometimes they are diagnosed with hip dysplasia. The average life expectancy of such a dog is 14 years.
- The English mastiff is a large, strong dog, however they are completely not.
She is one of the types of kunhoundov, which are usually bred in the southern part of the United States.
|Other name||red-speckled kunhound|
|A place||USA USA|
|Life span||11-12 years old|
|Year of the AKC||2011|
|Wikimedia Commons Media Files|
Initially, this breed was classified and registered as an English hound and kunhound, before six varieties were isolated from it. The recognition of the kunhounds in the 1940s by the United Kennel Club of Bluetick and Treeing Walker nursery led to a change in the classification of English kunhounds.
The breed appeared in the southeastern United States, where it was bred from the American and English hounds, other European hunting breeds and local dogs with the aim of tracking and bullying various animals.
Unlike other classifications of kunhound, the standards of the breed of English kunhound allow different colors of these dogs. Color can be with red or grayish marks on the wool, tricolor or tricolor with marks. However, reddick reddish stains prevail. This English word is often called the representatives of the breed of English kunhounda. Some believe that the lack of a strict list of colors in the breed standard allowed breeders to concentrate on securing hunting qualities and intelligence in the livestock, and to avoid selection by color of coat. Color differences are common even among puppies from the same litter of English kunhound, which indicates a high diversity of DNA in this breed.
Care and maintenance
Most of all dogs kunhound breed adapted for living in rural areas, but not in the cramped and stuffy apartments of huge cities. In any case, a private house with a spacious courtyard, enclosed by a fence is best suited for keeping them.
Such dogs are extremely energetic, and when raising their owners need to take into account the need for constant movement, regular loads and training of representatives of this dog breeds . Kunhounds most suitable for owners who love sports and long walks in nature.
Such dogs are independent and independent, and often show intractability and stubbornness in everyday life. Given these properties of character, a puppy should first of all be taught to fulfill the command: "come to me!".
Otherwise, at an older age, it will create problems for the owner, constantly running away. with improper upbringing, they can subsequently become restless and nervous, displaying unjustified aggression towards other pets, strangers and even people.
Therefore, early socialization is simply necessary. puppies , a kunhound , distinguished by a good upbringing, should be restrained by strangers, but not aggressive.
Such wool, due to the long-time shedding, must be brushed weekly. But too often bathing pets, especially using shampoo, is not necessary.
Hanging and long ears, in order to prevent infections from getting into them, should be regularly inspected and cleaned. Often representatives of this breed exhibit salivation, and in order to avoid skin irritation, the muzzle must be wiped in a timely manner.
The main components of the diet and simply necessary, useful and nutritious products for such are meat and rich in valuable protein.
In addition, it is important to give your pets cottage cheese and other dairy products. It is vital to add fish oil to your food, and a bowl of constantly clean water will significantly improve your pet's metabolism.
Price and reviews of kunhound
Talking about these, owners often mention their kindness. By nature, the dogs of this breed are quite sociable and friendly, affectionate towards children, touching others with a touching expression of their eyes.
But experienced owners do not advise getting dogs of this breed in houses where small pets live, as a deep-rooted hunting instinct can wake up at dogs at any time.
Coonhounds, or in other words raccoon hounds, are several varieties of a hunting breed with specific abilities. Most often hunters are engaged in breeding of such pets? And it is in this environment that they are appreciated. Less often, they are brought in as companions or to participate in show programs. Hounds are dogs with special needs, before taking such a puppy into the family, it is worth seriously weighing the pros and cons.
Representatives of this breed entered the United States during colonization. There is a legend according to which the ancestors of the kunhounds are the Foxhounds brought by George Washington, and the hounds from France, which were donated by the Marquis de Lafayette.
But there is evidence that dogs-ancestors of raccoon hounds were already in the countries of the New World in the early 18th century. In addition, bloodhounds took part in the formation of kunhounds. Their main purpose was hunting for raccoons, but the working qualities of dogs allowed expanding this framework to participate in hunting and other animals.
The kunhounds are especially popular in the southeastern States of America, there are also large nurseries involved in the breeding of these hunting dogs.
It is difficult to find a more hardworking, strong and hardy dog than kunhound. The fearlessness and courage of the representatives of this breed made them dangerous, dexterous hunters, even for large animals - bears, cougars, deer.
In the family, these are affectionate, loyal pets who are always happy to talk with the owner and other household members, they are ready for hanging out together.
A well-educated and trained kunhound is always ready to carry out the commands of his master. Training is very important, as these dogs are independent and independent. They are, under normal conditions, fairly balanced and not amenable to learning.
Raccoon hounds get along well with children, they can spend hours playing games, tirelessly rushing, jumping and running. But it is worth considering the size of this animal, the dog can accidentally harm the baby.
Excellent watchmen are made from kunhounds, they don’t attract outsiders too much and they are extremely incredulous. Representatives of this breed are highly active, and they are ready to work at any time - just call.
But communication with other animals, in addition to their own kind, is unlikely to succeed. All hounds, including raccoons, are hunters to the core, and their instincts are highly developed. Any animal dog will be considered solely as prey.
Kunhound breed description
Today, there are 5 types of kunhoundov:
- American black and tan,
- red (redbon)
- English speckled red
- speckled blue
- Kunhound Walker.
Only black and tan kunhound received official recognition, the remaining types remained only varieties of this breed.
All kunhounds are strong, well-built, muscular animals. They can work in almost any environment. Maximum height males is 70 cm, bitches are up to 63 cm, an error of 1.5-2 cm is allowed, but no more. Weight dogs varies between 32-50 kg.
Raccoon hounds move easily and naturally, without heaviness and with special grace. They strongly carry the front paws forward, and the hind legs spring back. The standard describes the following representatives of the breed:
Where are dogs of this breed used?
The direct purpose of raccoon hounds is hunting for raccoons, wild boars, possums. They also go with a deer, a bear. In their work, dogs use a lower flair, that is, for tracking they need a hot trace.
Dogs with a similar scent were praised in search and rescue activities and operational search work. They are able to assimilate the necessary program, but when learning, their features are necessarily taken into account.
Coonhounds - great for service. But companions from them are excellent, however, only if the owner has a strong character, self-confidence and free time to engage with a four-legged friend.
The kunhounds are docile and obedient, but an innate hunting instinct can serve them poorly in ordinary life. Walking gracefully along the street, the dog can transform in the blink of an eye when he sees a suitable game. Unfortunately, dogs of this breed are often lost and injured.
It will not be possible to completely eradicate this addiction, so the owner must constantly drive the dog on a leash, you can not even think about independent walks. In addition, it is important to teach him the "rules of good form." For this, the dog must undergo a general training course. But hounds learn the specific skills that they require to work.
You need to start training your puppy from the very first days of his appearance in the house, and, first of all, the pet must learn to come to the owner at the first call. For these purposes, it is necessary to use a horn, they blow into it, calling the baby to the bowl, and do not give him food until he arrives.
Another important skill in the hunt - the dog must be able to find the owner. During the rut, the dog can run quite far, so it should be taught to navigate the area and look for the hunter using a smell or a trace. Initially, such situations are imitated in polygon conditions and repeated many times until the dog understands what is required of it.
Also, training includes mastering the movement on one track. When a dog is just learning to follow a track by selecting one of them, the pet should not switch to the others along the way. To do this, the owner uses prohibitive commands.
For hunting, the four-legged hunter must be able to notify the owner by barking when he took a new trail. The fact is that in the hounds “silence” is a vice, and this quality can be inherited. Such dogs are rejected and not allowed for breeding. If the dog is fine with this property, then no effort is required - the dog will respond correctly on an intuitive level.
People who know a lot about hunting with dogs are sure that the more time the owner spends time and efforts to train, the easier it will be for him to contact his pet on the hunt.
Hounds have enviable health, but they can also hurt. Among the common diseases of kunhound can be noted the following:
- dysplasia of large compositions - hip, elbow,
- diseases of the visual image,
- dirofilariasis of the heart muscle (infection with a nematode),
- animal plague
- flea infection.
Care and Health
Coonhounds have a short coat, which does not require serious care. It is enough to clean it once a week with a brush suitable for this type of coat. But owners should know - raccoon hounds molt very much, which can be a problem when keeping the animal at home.
Most hunting dogs, including raccoon hounds, have a rather harsh, specific smell. If the owner decides to get rid of it with frequent washing of the dog, he will do it in vain. She will not benefit from such procedures, and the aroma will become the same every time. Hounds are infrequently bathed, only by necessity.
Otherwise, the care is standard - the nails are periodically trimmed, the teeth are brushed every 2-3 days, and the ears as they become dirty.
An aviary is best suited for hounds. In these conditions, dogs do not get rickets, have strong immunity, and are less likely to suffer from diseases of the musculoskeletal system.
In addition, the dog, which moves more outside of walks, requires less physical activity, and fresh air is only good for the pet. But he still needs regular walks and communication with the owner and family members.
Since the raccoon hound has short hair, it needs a warm booth, its walls are covered with insulating materials and equipped with a thin, felt canopy.
In extreme cases, the dog can live in the apartment, however, it cannot be said that such conditions are recommended by specialists. It is worth noting that the rundowns are not able to be alone for a long time, without attention they can loudly, continuously howl.
Choosing a puppy and where to buy?
Unfortunately, in Russia, raccoon hounds are quite rare. Therefore, it is difficult to buy a puppy of this breed, you may need to reserve the puppy in advance. It is necessary to approach the choice of a puppy from the professional side, since the raccoon hound is a working dog, and certain abilities are required from it.
If you need a dog for exhibitions, the external exterior of the puppy is most appreciated, the maximum compliance with the standard. A puppy for hunting should be taken from working parents who managed to succeed in this field. Their offspring will have more pronounced hunting instincts.
The price of puppies of this breed varies from 25,000 to 50,000 rubles, depending on various factors - origin, physical data and other things.
Kunhound is a dog that belongs to the group of hounds and has a lot of natural abilities. This is a great hunter, fast, hardy, active. And for the family - an assistant, faithful and devoted. But to acquire a puppy of this breed should only be if its qualities are worthy of use, and the owner can provide suitable conditions for its maintenance.
Red-speckled kunhound (English raccoon hound) - a rare breed, endowed with outstanding hunting talents and expressive voice. She is considered one of the purebred dogs native to North America, but remains fairly unknown outside the borders of her homeland. This breed needs a significant amount of physical activity, therefore it is recommended only for maintenance in a family leading an active lifestyle.
The red-speckled kunhound originates from European hounds. Since the defeat of the Romans, pack hunting with hounds has become one of the favorite ways to spend free time among the European aristocracy. The preferred prey in the hunt was various species of dangerous predators, for example, wild boar or wolf. England was also no exception in this sense, but the situation radically changed in the 17th century due to demographic and environmental problems in this country. Large species of animals became very rare in the English forests, and the English nobility switched to fox hunting as an acceptable alternative to old habits. Therefore, the breeders brought out Foxhound, which was well suited for burrow hunting.
In the same period, England began to colonize North America, and many of the first settlers brought their foxhounds to the New World. In addition to this breed, they also imported bloodhounds and greyhounds. Colonialists from other countries also took their dogs with them, including the Spanish Alano, the Greyhound, the German hunting boar, the large blue Gascon hound, and various Irish and Scottish hounds.
Unfortunately, the climate, the harsh territory and the local fauna of the American region were significantly different from the English, so most of the dogs could not acclimatize and died. The surviving individuals were well adapted to the harsh American living conditions and eventually spread throughout the continent. At that time, the breeding of dogs was erratic, which was expressed in interbreeding. This has led to the emergence of a number of new breeds, including kunhounda. There are several varieties of this breed, slightly different in origin, but it is reliably known that the red-speckled kunhound leads its pedigree from Foxhound.
In the American tradition, wild hunting was available to both people of noble origin and ordinary peasants.Gradually, hunting became a popular pastime in the American South and Midwest, and raccoon hunting proved to be one of my favorite pastimes. Red-speckled kunhounds have been tested in various hunting competitions since the beginning of the 19th century. These competitions soon moved to a national scale, and the winners were awarded attractive cash prizes.
The main calling of the red-speckled kunhound was almost exclusively hunting. Unlike other types of kunhoundov, he is able to hunt various game, including foxes, possums and cougars. And to this day, this dog is very much appreciated by American hunters in rural parts of the United States of America. She is rarely seen in the cities and suburbs of her native country, and she remains fairly unknown outside the country.
Already in 1905, the red-speckled kunhound earned the recognition of the United Kennel Club. Despite this, the dog was recognized by the American Kennel Club only in 2010. The breed is still kept mainly for hunting purposes, but an increasing number of its fans use it only as a companion dog.
Temperament and character
In general, the nature of the red-speckled kunhound is similar to the character of a typical working hound. He shows a high degree of affection and devotion to all members of his family. The breed also likes to express its feelings and emotions violently and will be a great friend for a child. Moreover, many representatives prefer the company of children, especially those who pamper them with various dog treats. Unfortunately, this dog is prone to immoderate barking, and its sonorous voice can cause constant concern to your neighbors.
Red-speckled kunhound is a remarkably friendly dog towards people, therefore, provided that socialization is correct, most of the representatives of this breed will be polite and friendly with a stranger. Sometimes dogs of this breed may have a problem with excessive shyness, but it is not particularly common. This dog is able to scare away an unwanted guest with its sonorous bark, so a good guard dog will come out of it. At the same time, the red-speckled kunhound is not aggressive enough to become an effective guard dog.
Hunting in a pack is common for red-speckled kunhound and in its course he had to cooperate with a dozen other dogs. The dog is very tolerant of the presence of other relatives in its environment and will happily live with one or more other dogs. In this case, small dogs can be mistakenly perceived as prey and, accordingly, pursued, so the owner of the kunhound should be extremely vigilant when walking with a dog.
This breed has served hunters for many centuries and as a result has developed a high level of aggression towards other species of animals. The attack of the red-speckled kunhound almost always leads to a fatal outcome for his victim, and he will pursue any living creature that falls into his field of vision. Socialization can significantly eliminate problems with aggression, and most of the representatives of the breed will coexist peacefully with a domestic cat or other animal. However, there is no guarantee.
The most common diseases of the breed are%
Hip dysplasia (CHD),
Problems with the ears
Caring for the red-speckled kunhound will not take much time and effort. His coat needs regular brushing to maintain it in a well-groomed and tidy condition. Dog ears should be cleaned regularly to prevent irritation or infection.
Most red-speckled kunhounds molt very intensively, and during the molting period, dog hair can be found on all the household furniture, carpets and things. Therefore, this breed is not recommended for people suffering from allergic diseases or for overly clean individuals.
The training of red-speckled kunhound is a significant difficulty due to its stubborn nature. This dog is very independent in its judgments and is not inclined to change its initial decisions. Moreover, the breed can easily get carried away by any interesting smell to such an extent that it will be impossible to call it back.
The owner of a kunhound should never allow him to run without a leash, unless he walks with a dog in a well-protected area. The best motivating factor for this dog is mainly different treats, and it usually shows maximum results if it is treated firmly, but without undue cruelty, in the training process.
Throughout its long history, red-speckled kunhound spent a significant part of the day chasing prey. In order to feel completely satisfied, he needs at least an hour of intense physical activity every day. This dog will become a great running companion, but would rather prefer running and playing in areas with a reliably high fence.
The red-speckled kunhound behaves calmly and likes to laze around as soon as his needs for exercises are satisfied (although this is not easy to implement). In general, this dog is best suited for life in the countryside and will experience problems with getting used to living in a city apartment.