During sexual hunting, cats give their owners a lot of trouble. To avoid them, some owners of such pets decide to sterilize. After its implementation, the recovery period begins. What should be the care of a cat after sterilization? How is the rehabilitation period going? What complications may appear after this procedure?
Such an operation is very popular today among pet owners. It guarantees a complete absence of pet reproduction. As practice shows, surgery is easily tolerated by cats and has no dangerous consequences. In addition, caring for a cat after sterilization does not require special skills and high financial costs. But some rules still need to know.
Getting ready for surgery
Ovariogisterectomy is an operation that is performed under general anesthesia. It is better to plan the operation when the owner of the cat can devote maximum time to it, because these days she will need careful care. And in order to facilitate the postoperative period for yourself and the animal, you need to ask the veterinarian questions of interest in advance. It is necessary to carefully monitor the behavior of the cat after the introduction of anesthesia and the first hours it is better not to disturb it after such a procedure. In fact, take care of the operated animal should be before the operation. Care for the cat after sterilization should be carefully thought out and prepared. In the basket in which the cat will be placed after sterilization, litter should be put, and it is even better to wrap it in something soft and warm, because the body temperature decreases after the operation, and the cat will freeze.
Subtleties of terminology: sterilization and castration
Before studying information on how to care for a cat after sterilization, it is necessary to clearly understand what the concepts of "sterilization" and "castration" mean. The widespread belief that females are subjected to the first procedure, and cats to the second, is mistaken. In fact, they are used in animals of both sexes.
Castration refers to the removal of reproductive organs. In cats, the uterus and ovaries are excised during surgery, and in cats, the testes are excised. A castrated animal ceases to have a craving for the opposite sex and, accordingly, is not able to have offspring.
First hours after surgery
Upon arrival home after the veterinary clinic for the owners of the cat comes a moment of turmoil. They will have to observe their animals for a long time and help them survive this difficult period. A cat, standing on its paws, may fall, it eats and drinks poorly, may become entangled in wires or, bumping into a corner, get injured. To prevent this from happening, you need to remove all dangerous items, and put the cat on low furniture and put bowls of water, food and a tray near it. Try to protect the operated animal from children and other pets. A cat after a sterilization operation is still very weak, if she cannot drink on her own, she can be given water from a pipette. A few drops is enough, most importantly, moisten your mouth and throat. It is better to arrange a temporary warm bed for your pet, away from drafts. It is necessary to lay it on the right side, otherwise the load on the heart will increase several times. Do not be afraid of the unusual behavior of the animal. It is necessary to ensure that the animal sleeping after anesthesia is not choked with vomit.
How do cats leave after anesthesia?
Pets after returning home from the veterinary clinic are lethargic and sleepy. They have impaired coordination of movements. They practically do not own the body. When you try to get to your feet, the animal falls on its side. In a cat undergoing anesthesia, heavy breathing, increased salivation, dilated pupils, the body temperature is increased or decreased by 0.5–1 ° С. In this condition, the pet may have involuntary bowel or bladder emptying. These symptoms usually go away on their own within 3-5 hours. The animal comes to its senses already 1–2 days after sterilization.
How normal is the recovery period?
The procedure does not always go smoothly, and some complications may appear in some four-legged pets. Often they arise through the fault of the owner of the cat, who ignores the rules for caring for a sterilized pet or does it incorrectly. In order for the cat to recover as soon as possible after surgery and not have negative consequences, it is necessary to take care of it throughout the entire period of rehabilitation.
Day of operation
Care at home for a four-legged pet after this manipulation should begin immediately after returning home. First of all, you need to lay it on a horizontal low surface in a warm, dry room without drafts. It is strictly forbidden to lay the animal on a sofa or bed. Departing from anesthesia, the cat will try to get up, and since in this state it does not control its actions, it is likely that it will fall from a height and hit.
In the first days after surgery, the pet has no appetite, it is lethargic and sleepy, poorly owns its body. In this case, hallucinations and disorientation, inappropriate behavior are possible. If the cat does not blink, carefully close his eyes, otherwise the cornea will dry out. Until the four-legged pet moves away from anesthesia, it is recommended to be with him and monitor his condition. It is impossible to feed a cat in the first 24 hours after surgery. You can only drink it from a syringe or pipette. Doing this is permissible only in the absence of vomiting.
Cat grooming for a week, animal behavior
On the second day after surgery, the cat wakes up, but its behavior is still far from normal. She behaves cautiously, she may need to hide in dark places, so you need to constantly monitor her. The animal is already starting to drink on its own, you can start feeding it in small portions.
On the third day, the pet starts going to the toilet and is active. It is recommended to measure his body temperature 2 times. If the indicators deviate from the norm, you should contact your veterinarian. Anesthesia helps to slow intestinal motility, so the cat may be disturbed by the bowel movement. In the absence of stool, it is necessary to give the four-legged pet a mild laxative, which is best coordinated with the veterinarian.
On the fourth day after surgery, usually the animals already feel good, their behavior is adequate. On the fifth day, in most cats, edema and redness of the skin around the seam subside, it begins to heal. The pet returns to normal life. On the 6–7th day after sterilization, the animal’s activity is fully restored, a healthy appetite is returned, and the processes of bowel and bladder emptying are normalized.
The main rule of caring for a cat after surgery is to not allow her to lick the stitches. At the end of the procedure, four-legged patients are put on blankets. Suture treatment should begin 2-3 days after the procedure. For processing, use zelenka, Chlorhexidine, Betadine, hydrogen peroxide, Levomekol. Having finished processing, it is necessary to put on a bootcloth again.
When stitches are removed, what to do next?
If the adaptation of the animal after sterilization is normal, the postoperative sutures are removed on days 7–10. This period may be delayed, but not more than a couple of days. If the removal is too late, suture material can grow into the skin and nearby tissues. Typically, with this procedure, intradermal rather than external sutures are applied that do not require removal. After their complete healing, no additional procedures are required, and the postoperative period is considered completed.
Possible problems and complications
In some cases, surgical intervention is accompanied by complications that appear some time after it. They can arise for various reasons: due to improper care for the animal, the state of its body and old age, the qualifications of the surgeon performing the operation, violation of the rules of asepsis and antiseptics, etc. Each cat owner should be aware of what this procedure is facing.
Impervious or increasing pain
The main sign by which pain can be recognized is mournful meowing and constantly dilated pupils. The cat avoids touching the stomach. Pain can be caused by various reasons. It is not recommended to try to independently help the four-legged pet, drowning it with painkillers. It is wiser to find out why the operated area hurts the pet and take appropriate measures. If several days have passed since the operation, and the animal is still experiencing pain, you must show it to the veterinarian.
Seroma, or fluid accumulation
At the incision site, a cat may eventually develop a seroma - a subcutaneous bump. It occurs due to the presence of an open area or gap in the subcutaneous fat layer as a result of incomplete stitching, licking, or excessive activity of the pet. A yellowish or reddish serous fluid fills them, as a result of which convex formations form under the suture line. This complication is not uncommon.
If the cat after surgery has a suspicion of gray, it is important to conduct a differential diagnosis, excluding the abscess. Purulent inflammation can be discussed if, through a special needle, not pink or reddish liquid, but pus will be pulled out of the cone. Typically, the seroma disappears by itself as the reabsorption of its constituent material by the tissues of the animal’s body. In exceptional cases, this formation is drained and sutured surgically.
Sutures can fester due to infection if the aseptic and antiseptic rules are not followed during the operation, improper care of it, or cat licking the suture. In addition, this complication often appears in animals prone to an allergic reaction, as well as in individuals diagnosed with Cushing's syndrome, diabetes mellitus, feline immunodeficiency and leukemia.
Suture cannot be ignored. Unlike seroma, this problem does not go away by itself. If there are signs of an abscess, the animal should be immediately shown to the veterinarian who will install drainage and prescribe the appropriate treatment to the four-legged patient.
This problem can be recognized by the following symptoms:
- refusal of food
- pale mucous membranes,
- abdominal pain,
- mournful meow.
If bleeding is suspected in the abdominal cavity, the pet must be urgently taken to the veterinary clinic. The slightest delay can cost an animal life. Using abdominal ultrasound, the veterinarian will determine if the four-legged patient has free fluid. When confirming the diagnosis, an emergency surgery is performed, the purpose of which is to open the abdominal cavity and impose a new ligature.
Treatment involves intravenous infusion to maintain blood pressure. With large blood loss, they resort to blood transfusion. With the timely delivery of the animal to the veterinary clinic and the competent actions of its specialists, the chances of saving the four-legged patient are very high.
What to do if after surgery the cat jumps and falls?
Sometimes it happens that the operated pet jumps and falls, which can lead to injury or violation of the integrity of the seams. During the jump, the cat can catch on protruding objects with ties from the blankets, which will lead to suffocation. To avoid trouble, it is recommended to keep the animal in a spacious, closed basket for a period of wound closure. At the same time, it must be constantly monitored even when it visits the tray and eats. Only following these tips will prevent injury to the pet and seam divergence during jumps.
Changes in the way of life (feeding, keeping) of a neutered cat
Castrated animals are prone to obesity. In order to prevent the four-legged pet from becoming overweight, it is recommended to transfer it to a lower-calorie diet at the end of the rehabilitation period. If the pet eats ready-made food, replace it with a product marked "for sterilized (neutered) cats." It is better to coordinate the mark with the veterinarian. About 2 times a month it is useful to arrange fasting days for the animal.
If the cat's diet consists of natural products, it is necessary to reduce the cat's consumption of phosphorus, calcium and magnesium, because their increased content in its menu can lead to the formation of calculi in the kidneys. Avoid drinking urolithiasis. There should always be clean water in the cat drinker. In order for the cat to spend the energy accumulated during the day, you need to play with it daily or take it for long walks. Various toys and a game complex will help to occupy it.
Animal after surgery
If the cat was affectionate and friendly before the operation, then its behavior may change. But this is only a temporary phenomenon, and very soon the animal will become the same. In the first few days, the cat’s behavior after sterilization may be inadequate, it can hiss, scratch its paws on the floor, meow. And this is not surprising, because the animal is very scared, therefore, you need to help him calm down: lay on a soft litter, stroke the coat, and gently talk.
Behavior of the animal after surgery
It is possible that after sterilization a cat may have involuntary urination and vomiting. Therefore, you should be prepared for this kind of trouble. It should be ensured that the cat walks on surfaces that are easily washed. You should also monitor the condition of the pet so that it does not choke during vomiting.
Another point that can scare the owner is that the cat does not close its eyes after sterilization when it is sleeping. Therefore, she needs to bury her eyes with a special solution and close and open her eyelids every 20 minutes until the cat begins to blink. A veterinarian who did the operation on the animal will tell you more about this.
General condition of the house
Often the animal after surgery is recommended to be left in the clinic overnight. But the decision is made by the owner. Before bringing a cat home after surgery, it is important to check all rooms for objects that could lead to injury. The way out of anesthesia takes a long time, and at first the animal is disoriented. The cat can stumble on objects, injure a fresh seam. By the way, to prevent this from happening, a blanket is put on - a special “cover” to protect the place where the cut was made.
The asshole has several functions:
- It does not allow the cat to start licking the suture, which can cause infection.
- The girdle tightens the joints of the suture, which speeds up healing.
- Thanks to good fixation, it is possible to avoid sagging of the abdomen in the future, since the muscles under the bootleg are reflexively tightened.
It is better to leave the cat in a warm room. You can put a heating pad near her bed. Usually, after the operation, thermoregulation processes are restored for a long time, and the animal can freeze. Also, the cat should only sleep on the floor, so as not to fall from a high surface.At this place you need to put an absorbent diaper, which is useful if the pet has difficulties with going to the tray. After the operation, it often happens that the cat does not yet feel the urge to defecate and urinate. It’s impossible to scold her for this.
After sterilization, the cat should lie on its right side, because this reduces the load on the heart. It is worth limiting it to excessive activity and, if there are kittens in the house, take them away, because they can try to look for milk and damage the seam. Experts do not recommend sterilizing a cat if it continues to feed the offspring, because in this case the likelihood of developing breast cancer in the future increases many times.
It is also important for the owner to know the following:
- On the first day after surgery, it is imperative that the cat goes to the toilet. This is required in order to avoid stagnation of urine and feces.
- If the operation was planned, antibiotics are usually not prescribed - this is more true for older cats.
- If the suture begins to bleed, you need to try to stop it and immediately contact the veterinarian.
- If possible, you need to stay at home with the cat all day, because the animal slowly recovers vision after anesthesia. For some time, the pet will hesitate to move around the room, may not respond to the nickname. This is normal, and you should not worry.
An important recommendation regarding nutrition: in the first day after sterilization, as soon as the animal begins to move independently, give water. It is better not to wake a sleeping cat, thinking that it suffers from thirst - at this time the body is restored. You can drink with a syringe, making sure that the cat swallows the liquid, otherwise it may choke.
Giving food begins on the second day. Serving should be one third of the usual amount.
About the third day after surgery, the cat usually begins to show interest in food. But you need to increase portions gradually. Moreover, now you need to monitor the diet, because sterilized animals are gaining weight more easily - you can’t refuse them a good appetite.
No need to worry if 3 days have passed, and the cat has not yet begun to eat normally. As veterinarians say, lack of appetite can also be a normal option if there are no other symptoms that indicate inflammation (temperature, weakness). But you can always show the pet to the doctor - in veterinary clinics they usually say that the owner can bring the cat for examination at any time.
Cat after surgery, subsequent care
The owners will have to prepare for the fact that the recovery period is quite complicated. Anesthesia after sterilization of a cat can go away for about a day. And when the animal begins to recover, its movements will become more confident, and its behavior more adequate. But the pet will be able to fully coordinate the movements by about the fourth day. After sterilization, a cat does not eat at all or consumes little food - and this is normal. But leave her hungry is not worth it. The first feeding is allowed in a day, but it is necessary to give water every three hours. Do not give food that can cause diarrhea or constipation. It is better to adhere to the usual diet of the animal.
Subsequent care of the cat after sterilization consists in the treatment of surgical sutures.
What is a blanket for?
As a rule, animals are not bandaged after surgery, as they can remove bandages. Veterinarians put them on a special blanket, and they must be in it before removing the stitches. In order to process the sutures after sterilization in a cat, it is not necessary to completely remove the blanket. It is enough to carefully pull it off the hind legs and, after the necessary procedure, put it back on. Sutures are processed according to the recommendations received from the veterinarian. Chlorhexidine is usually used.
We should not forget that a seemingly safe and comfortable blanket can be dangerous for the animal. A cat after sterilization can consider itself completely healthy and lead a familiar lifestyle. She will start jumping on sofas, beds, window sills, tables, but she is unlikely to be able to do it gracefully, as before. It is possible that the active animal simply will not jump to the intended target, will be hooked by the ties from the blankets for something and hang. And removing a cat from such a hanger is very difficult, since a frightened animal can actively resist, wriggle, hiss and bite. If a similar situation occurs in the absence of the owners, then the consequences may be the most deplorable. For 10-14 days, until the cat is able to remove the stitches after sterilization, its owner should try to limit the movement of the animal around the house.
What else do you need to know
For some time, the sand of the cat should be replaced with paper. The fact is that particles of the filler, falling into the incision, can introduce an infection. Also, after the operation, you need to ensure that the seam does not bleed and is clean. If there is any discharge, you should immediately contact your veterinarian, as the wound may be infected. The cat after sterilization requires special treatment. Pressing on the operated area can cause pain.
Sterilization for the animal is accompanied by great stress. In addition, the immune system weakens, and the cat can undergo various diseases, so you need to monitor its general condition: how much it eats, drinks, how it goes to the toilet.
A cat needs up to two weeks to fully recover. When estrogens cease to enter the body, the pet begins to eat a lot. Metabolism slows down, and the animal can greatly recover. To prevent the cat from becoming obese, she needs to move more, she needs to walk and play with her, as well as organize diet food.
Pros and Cons of Sterilization
Today, operations with animals are carried out in a gentle manner. Pets after the procedure feel good and are able to move independently. Proponents of sterilization give a number of arguments. Firstly, the cat is not very worried about the inability to reproduce. She has no sexual instincts, so she does not torment her master and does not suffer herself. Secondly, if the animal was very active, then the cat’s behavior after sterilization can change, it will become calm and affectionate.
If any postoperative complications occur, you should immediately contact your veterinarian. It’s better to be safe again than not to watch. You need to remember: "We are responsible for those who have tamed."
On the day of surgery and upon returning home:
The owner should remember that the animal will completely withdraw from anesthesia only after 6-14 hours, and while the medications are still working, it must be placed in a warm and comfortable place from where it will not fall - under anesthesia in cats and cats, the coordination of movements is impaired.
When the pet wakes up, it will need to be drunk, but you can’t leave a bowl of water nearby.
Ask the veterinarian who performed the operation when to feed the pet for the first time after the procedure. This point can vary from 6 to 24 hours, depending on the type of anesthesia applied. For the first feeding, you should choose a semi-liquid pet-familiar food. Do not worry if the animal does not show appetite on the first day after surgery - this behavior is normal.
The first 5 days after surgery, there should be no filler in the pet's tray - this is important in order to avoid infection of the suture and wound.
Seam Care in Cats
Before removing the stitches, the cat must be dressed in a special blanket.
Treat the seam with a gentle antiseptic recommended by your veterinarian
Some seams dissolve themselves - a specialist should inform you about the type of seam.
The seam treatment mode is also recommended by the doctor
The day the suture is removed will be called by the veterinarian (usually 7-14 days after surgery)
Switching to a new diet
The first three days after surgery, it is important to protect the pet from stressful situations. This also applies to nutrition: let him get the usual food. But already from the fourth day, you should begin to transfer it to a new feed that meets the needs of a castrated cat and a sterilized cat. Such a transition should be carried out gradually: first add only 10% of the new feed to the old feed, and then gradually increase the amount of the special diet.
Immediately after surgery
If we are talking about ovariogisterectomy, then this is a cavity operation, which is done under general anesthesia. Therefore, the very first features of animal care after such an operation are control over its behavior after anesthesia. But you need to take care of the operated cat before the operation. So, for example, in a carrying or bag in which the operated cat will go home, you need to put a warm litter. Better yet, on the way back, wrap it in something warm. The fact is that after the operation, the temperature of the cat’s body will drop and the animal will freeze.
The first day after the operation is the time of emotional upheaval for the owners. After all, they will have to watch how the animal departs from anesthesia, and this spectacle, frankly, is not a pleasant one. Imagine how it feels to watch the helpless movement of paws, uncoordinated movements and the desperate look of your beloved cat. Your task during this period is to protect the cat, as it can fall when walking, run into walls and corners, and confuse the direction of movement. A cat emerging from anesthesia can suddenly jump up and try to run, it can become entangled in wires and threads and even get injured. Therefore, all potentially dangerous items must be removed, and the cat itself should not be placed on a sofa, chair or bed and other tall pieces of furniture.
Organize your pussy for a temporary comfortable warm lounger on the floor, in a place protected from drafts. Make sure that the cat lies only on its right side, as otherwise the load on the heart of the animal weakened after surgery will increase. Do not be alarmed atypical behavior for your pet. During the recovery from anesthesia, a pussy can suddenly wake up and jump up, scrape its feet on the floor or on the bedding, hiss or mew. At this moment, her behavior is inadequate. However, the animal is frightened by its condition no less than yours. So try to calm the sufferer.
It is possible in the first hours after sterilization, arbitrary urination and vomiting. Therefore, be prepared for such a nuisance and make sure that the cat moves on such surfaces that it will then be easy to wash. And it is also necessary to ensure that the animal sleeping after anesthesia is not choked with vomit. If a cat cannot drink water on its own, but wants to drink, then give her water from a pipette - the cat does not need a lot of water at this moment, it is important that it does not dry out in the mouth.
And one more frightening moment is the open eyes of a cat sleeping after anesthesia. Yes, cats do not close their eyes even during surgery. Therefore, you need to instill a special solution in your eyes and close and open the eyelids of the animal every twenty minutes until the pussy starts blinking on its own or just closes its eyes. However, you will definitely receive more detailed instructions from your veterinarian when you pick up your cat after surgery.
After about a day, your pussy will move away from anesthesia and begin to behave quite adequately, although its movements will still be insecure. The animal will be able to fully coordinate its movements only after three to four days. By the way, all this time the animal may refuse to eat. However, you need to feed the cat. The first feeding after the operation is allowed in a day, and the animal can and should be given water in three hours. The diet and feeding regimen can be observed the same and familiar to the animal. However, do not give him food that can cause constipation or diarrhea.
All further care of the cat after surgery comes down to the processing of surgical sutures. Cats are not bandaged after surgery, as the animal can easily remove the bandages. From the operating room, you will get your pet dressed in a special blanket with ties on the back. All the time before removing the stitches, the animal must be in this blanket. To process the seams, blankets do not need to be removed completely. It is simply gently pulled from the hind legs, and then put back on. Sutures must be processed according to the instructions received from the veterinarian. Chlorhexidine is usually used for this.
By the way, with this seemingly convenient and safe blanket, potential dangers for the animal can be associated. So, for example, a cat that has recovered from postoperative ailments can consider itself completely healthy and begin to lead an active lifestyle that is familiar to her. This extreme girl can easily start jumping on the bedside tables, sofas, tables and window sills, and she is unlikely to succeed in doing this as before gracefully and deftly. It is possible that a frisky pussy simply will not jump to the intended target, cling to something with ties from blankets and hang.
Believe me, it will be very difficult to remove the poor fellow from such a hanger, because a discouraged animal will actively resist this, wriggling, hissing and releasing claws and teeth. And if this happens in your absence, then the consequences can be most dire. Therefore, for about two weeks (until they remove the seams and blankets) try to limit the movement of the cat around the house.
As a matter of fact, this is where the care of the cat after sterilization lies. If your animal is healthy, and the operation was carried out in a clinic with a good reputation, then no serious complications should arise. However, at the slightest suspicion of possible postoperative complications, be sure to contact your veterinarian. In this case, it is better to play it safe than not to watch. So be attentive to your cat and remember that we are responsible for those who have tamed.
Sterilization itself is a fairly simple procedure. Rehabilitation is much more important and more serious. It all depends on the care of the owner and knowledge of the basic nuances that are needed for quick recovery.
Way out of anesthesia
Depending on what type of anesthesia is used, the recovery process may take different times and be accompanied by its own characteristics:
- Analgesics and muscle relaxants - they act easily and effectively, but after anesthesia the animal comes to life within 24 hours. Although it happens that after 5-6 hours there are improvement in reaction and behavior.
- Epidural anesthesia and muscle relaxants - are characterized by low toxicity and a quick exit of a cat from anesthesia (after 8 hours). But errors in the injection are fraught with complications in the form of loss of sensitivity, which is restored after 1-2 days.
- Inhalation (gas) anesthesia - a cat after it comes to its senses almost immediately. This method is the least traumatic, but expensive and not available in every clinic.
With any type of anesthesia, it is important to constantly monitor the condition of the animal and in case of changes notify the doctor. The following conditions indicate that the anesthesia was poorly tolerated:
- increased salivation
- the muzzle can swell noticeably,
- limping (an injection could hit the muscle)
- rash formation.
Suture processing and removal
Usually a doctor is engaged in this, and the owner’s task is to prevent combing of the operated area, because the cat will reflexively try to lick. Also today they use not threads, but special glue, suturing only on the organs themselves. After this, the wound heals, and nothing needs to be removed.
You can ask the doctor how to remove the seam if it is small, or there is no way to take the animal to the clinic.To do this, you need to treat the skin area with alcohol and gently using the scissors to pry the threads by pulling them with tweezers. In the end, they are still treated with an antiseptic. Someone needs to hold the cat so that you can safely remove the stitches. However, today they are increasingly using techniques in which you can not think about this issue.
It is only important to control the health of the cat. If the seam turns red, exudes an unpleasant odor, and the animal does not feel well, it is necessary to exclude the likelihood of infection by showing it to the doctor.
Most often, after sterilization, the following drugs are prescribed:
- Dioxidin and Chlorhexidine - the solution is applied with a pipette to the seam area.
- Levomekol - ointments treat the area around the wound and apply a bandage.
- Vetericin, Aluminum and other sprays - apply once a day until the suture is completely healed.
Care, first week day after day
In order for the cat to recover as soon as possible, again be joyful and with good appetite, it is important to do the following every day:
- In the early days, avoid active games and do not let the cat run around the house quickly.
- Take care of the seam and check its condition.
- If the doctor recommends antibiotic therapy, it is better not to refuse it.
- Be sure to use a blanket to protect the wound from damage. Even after removing the seams, it is recommended to use a bandage for another 2-3 days.
- Enter canned foods in the diet, if you used to use only dry food - it is more saturated in vitamins. And watch for servings, because one of the negative consequences of sterilization is the high probability of obesity. True, control over how much an animal is will help maintain harmony at any age.
Possible complications after surgery
Any operation is a risk. After castration, complications can also occur. Among them is infection of the wound, which occurs by chance or with non-compliance with the treatment technique. It is important to contact a veterinary clinic with good reviews in order to reduce the likelihood of infection.
Also, an individual reaction to an operation or medication is a common occurrence. It is all the more important to monitor the cat's condition in the first 5 days. Ideally, her appetite should be restored, physical activity, orientation in space should improve. If this does not happen, and the seam is bleeding or festering, immediately bring the animal to the clinic.
After sterilization, the character of the cat changes. She becomes calm and lazy, moves less. To prevent excess weight gain, you need to regularly play with the animal and control nutrition.
The cat will now direct excess energy not to the instinct of reproduction, but to contact with the person, therefore regular communication becomes an important way to maintain the animal’s well-being. Alone, the cat is bored and even sick.
Mr. Cat recommends: what is possible, necessary and impossible
- monitor the quality and condition of the bandage - it should be comfortable and close the wound,
- use preparations for worms, because after the operation, the cat’s body is weakened and susceptible to infections,
- monitor nutrition and calories, control regular bowel movements and prevent constipation.
- take the cat in its arms, holding it in the area of the front paws and not touching the abdomen,
- take out for a walk
- use animal feed after sterilization,
- to drink at will, without restrictions.
- allow the pet to bask on the battery and other warm surfaces,
- treat fresh joints with alcohol
- leave food for a day without controlling portions,
- remove the blanket when the seam is not yet tightened,
- play actively in the first days after surgery.
After successful sterilization, nothing changes. The only thing is that you have to rebuild the power system:
- Vitamin complexes are necessary for a cat - the veterinarian will recommend them,
- it’s better to use food for sterilized cats,
- It’s preferable to use natural nutrition, but today high-quality feed is sold, which will be a worthy alternative,
- it is important to reduce the initial serving by a quarter to avoid obesity.
Whether or not to sterilize a cat, each owner decides for himself. Today there are opponents and adherents of this procedure, but remember, if you do not plan to breed the offspring, then instead of special pills that affect the hormonal background of the animal, it is better to choose a surgical procedure. Observation in the clinic and proper care will allow the cat to live a happy life near the owner!