Honeysuckle, or Honeysuckle Honeysuckle, or Goat honeysuckle, or Honeysuckle fragrant (Lonicera caprifolium)
Perennial curly liana - unpretentious charming, with fragrant flowers and dense foliage.
It will fill your garden with a light cream-sweet aroma. She conquers any vertical supports, and in their absence grows like a creeping shrub.
The powerful stalk reaches a height of 10 meters. The leaves are dark green, bluish below, ovate or elliptical, 4-10 cm long. At the ends of the shoots, the leaves grow together in an elliptical disk. Leaf fall in October. Flowers from white to dark pink, fragrant, collected in whorls at the ends of shoots up to 12 cm in diameter.
In autumn, the flowers turn into orange-red poisonous berries, which birds relish with pleasure. Honeysuckle coexists well side by side with clematis, climbing hydrangea, climbing roses, ivy, and girl's grapes.
It is used as a living screen on pergolas, trellises, trellises, walls, fences, stretched wire or for decorating tree trunks, supports of arbors and walls of houses.
Honeysuckle loves rich fertile, moderately moist soils. Places from half-shaded to sunny. Propagated by seeds, cuttings, layering. In winter, annual shoots freeze, but quickly recover. It grows very fast.
Honeysuckle almost does not need care, with the exception of periodic anti-aging pruning, watering and top dressing (to enhance color and aroma). It blooms spectacularly and flawlessly from June to September.
Landing: for seedlings in March or seeds in open ground when the threat of frost passes. After sowing, it blooms in the fifth year.
Primary Genus: Honeysuckle
|Difficulty of leaving|
In nature, Honeysuckle honeysuckle grows in the countries of southern and central Europe, the Caucasus, and also in Asia Minor. Prefers well-lit edges with moist soil.
Plant size and type:
A powerful, winding shrubby vine is considered one of the most decorative species. It grows quickly, in one season the shoots are stretched by almost 2 meters. Young twigs are light green, sometimes with a slight admixture of purple. Adults - are covered with light brown or yellow bark. Without pruning, the shoots are twisted, intertwined, and Honeysuckle honeysuckle looks messy.
Leaves are dense, ellipsoidal in shape. The front surface of the leaf blades is dark green, the wrong side is gray-blue. The upper leaves grow together in a saucer. Foliage crumbles in late autumn.
The plant begins to bloom at the age of 4. In May – June, large sessile flowers appear in the axils of fused leaves. The inside is white or yellowish, the outside is purple, purple. The flowering period is accompanied by a delicate fragrance.
Berries ripen in August – September. Due to the shortened stalks, it seems that small bright orange “balls” simply lie on the leaves. Fruits are strictly forbidden to eat.
In addition to the natural species, формы Alba ’(soft-white flowers appearing in early May) and‘ Pauciflora ’(small pink-red inflorescences) are grown in the culture.
Honeysuckle honeysuckle feels good in the regions of the middle lane and in the southern regions. It experiences a cold snap to -29 ° C without damage. When grown in more severe climatic conditions, it is required to provide the plant with winter shelter.
The species may exist in partial shade. But it blooms and bears fruit only in well-lit places.
Young plants are watered regularly, adults from time to time. Honeysuckle honeysuckle is easier to survive drought than waterlogging.
Liana is fed three times a season. In the spring of nitrogen, in the summer of complex, in the fall of phosphorus-potash fertilizers.
Honeysuckle Honeysuckle: Planting and Care, Description of Varieties
Honeysuckle Honeysuckle (lat. Lonicera caprifolium),
Lonicera caprifolium),or goat's honeysuckle or fragrant honeysuckle - a typical species of the genus Honeysuckle of the family Honeysuckle, which is found in the wild in the Caucasus and southern Europe in well-lit areas with moist soil, in forests and along the edges. In culture, this type of honeysuckle is grown as an ornamental plant. “Honeysuckle” is translated from Latin as “goat leaf”.
- Bloom: for three weeks in June, starting at the age of four.
- Landing: in April-May or during the fall season.
- Lighting: bright light or partial shade.
- The soil: moist, fertile, well fertilized.
- Watering: infrequent, but plentiful: the soil under the bush should not dry out. Water consumption per plant - 1-2 buckets.
- Top dressing: in the spring - with nitrogen-containing organics and complex mineral fertilizers for flowering plants; in the summer, the plant is sprayed on the leaves with microelement solutions.
- Cropping: sanitary, rejuvenating and formative - in the spring, before the start of sap flow.
- Reproduction: seeds, cuttings and layering.
- Pests: aphids and cabbage caterpillars.
- Disease rust and powdery mildew.
Read more about growing honeysuckle honeysuckle below
Honeysuckle ornamental honeysuckle is a curly deciduous shrub up to 6 m high, the young shoots of which are light green in color, sometimes with a purple tint, they become brown with age. The leaves of the honeysuckle honeysuckle are widely elliptical, opposite, 4 to 10 cm long, dark green on the upper side and bluish below.
Several pairs of upper leaves can grow together in bases and form an elliptical plate. Yellowish-white fragrant flowers, often having a reddish tint on the outside, are collected in the axils of the upper leaves in whorls. Honeysuckle orange or red honeysuckle fruits with a diameter of 6-8 cm ripen in late July or early August.
They are located on such short stalks that it seems as if they were glued to the leaves.
Growing honeysuckle for berries - planting and care
When to plant honeysuckle honeysuckle
Planting honeysuckle honeysuckle and caring for it is no more difficult than growing any other ornamental shrub. The best time for planting honeysuckle honeysuckle in the garden is April or May, although some gardeners advise planting a plant at the time of leaf fall.
When choosing a place for a plant, remember that abundant flowering can only be in bright sunlight, although honeysuckle can tolerate partial shading.
Honeysuckle honeysuckle honeysuckle loves moist fertile soil, into which mineral and organic fertilizers must be added before digging: potassium, nitrogen, and rotted cow manure. Moreover, you need to dig up the soil with fertilizers at least two weeks before planting.
How to plant honeysuckle honeysuckle
Depending on the intention with which you are planting, dig a hole or trench. The size of the pit should be approximately 50x50x50 cm, and the trenches should be 50 cm deep and 50 cm wide.
If planting is carried out on a site where water stagnation may occur, lay a layer of drainage of broken brick, ceramic tiles or gravel at the bottom of the pit, and then fill the pit almost to the top with fertile soil. Then a seedling is placed in the pit, its roots are straightened and the remaining space is filled with soil.
Planting is made taking into account subsidence of the soil, so the root neck is left 5 cm above ground level. After heavy watering, the earth will settle, and the neck will be flush with the surface. When water is absorbed, mulch the trunk circle with organic material.
In the trench, honeysuckle seedlings are located at a distance of at least 1 m from each other, and in group plantings they are placed no closer than 1.5 m.
And do not forget to immediately dig up the supports for the plant, if you are not going to use the walls of the building or the fence for this purpose.
Honeysuckle support honeysuckle may look like a metal or wooden structure, slats with taut cords or nets.
Watering, top dressing, loosening and weeding
In the hot season, you need to ensure that the soil under the honeysuckle bush honeysuckle never dries. Honeysuckle is watered infrequently, but abundantly: 1-2 buckets of water will be required per plant. After watering or rain, the soil around the honeysuckle is loosened and weeded. To prevent the rapid evaporation of moisture and reduce the need for loosening and weeding, the soil around the bush is mulched.
In order to stimulate abundant flowering of honeysuckle honeysuckle, organics or complex mineral fertilizers for flowering plants are introduced into the soil in early spring. During the summer, honeysuckle can be treated with fertilizers or microelement solutions along the leaves.
Honeysuckle diseases and pests
Despite the fact that honeysuckle is almost not affected by diseases and pests, it still has enemies: from insects, aphids and cabbage caterpillars can cause troubles to it, and from fungal infections - rust and powdery mildew.
Since the honeysuckle berries of honeysuckle are unsuitable for food, feel free to use chemical remedies in the fight against pests and diseases.
For example, acaricidal preparations Actellik, Aktara, Biotlin, Akarin or Antitlin will help you get rid of aphids, and insecticides are used from caterpillars. As for fungal diseases, they happen not only because of poor care, but also for reasons beyond your control.
The gardener’s task is to take measures to eliminate the infection as soon as possible, and fungicidal preparations that can be easily purchased in any garden pavilion or flower shop will help you with this.
Preparing honeysuckle honeysuckle for wintering
A specific adult plant does not need shelter for the winter. But varietal, hybrid honeysuckles, as well as freshly planted cuttings and seedlings, are better insulated: close the trunk circle with a thick layer of dry foliage, remove the plant from the support and lay it on a bed of leaves, as you do, for example, with clematis, and cover from above honeysuckle with spanbond, lutrasil or lapnik.
Honeysuckle honeysuckle needs both shaping and sanitary pruning. Immediately after planting, the shoots of the plant are cut to one third of the length, and in the second year, 3-4 of the strongest shoots are selected from the overgrown shoots - these shoots will become the skeleton of the bush. The remaining shoots are cut under the root.
During the season, shoots growing to the height of the support are cut or guided along the support in the right direction. Subsequently, diseased, broken, frozen or thickening bush branches are regularly cut out, otherwise the plant will look untidy.
However, pruning fanaticism is inappropriate: if you rob honeysuckle, it will lose attractiveness.
Do not rush to cut the honeysuckle in spring: it may seem to you that some shoots look lifeless, but the peculiarity of this plant is that with the onset of warm days, sleeping buds wake up and it suddenly turns green and starts growing, and those shoots that Remain black and naked, it's never too late to remove.
If you notice that the honeysuckle in the adult bush of honeysuckle is getting less and less flowers every year, spend a rejuvenating pruning of the plant: cut all shoots at a height of 10-15 cm from the ground so that young shoots grow from buds located on the base of the bush, from which you will subsequently form a new crown. They perform rejuvenation every 5-6 years, but it is better to do it in two doses: in one year, only half of the shoots are cut off, and the anti-aging procedure is completed next year.
Propagation of honeysuckle honeysuckle seeds
Generative propagation of honeysuckle is a labor-intensive process, which is why gardeners usually resort to more reliable and faster vegetative methods. However, in certain cases, seed propagation is preferable to vegetative.
How to propagate honeysuckle honeysuckle seeds? Stratified for two months at a temperature of 0 to 5 ºC, seeds are sown in March in a moist mixture of equal parts of sand, peat and humus, sprinkled with a thin layer of sand on top and covered with plastic wrap or glass.
They contain crops in a bright warm place, daily removing a film for ventilation and, if necessary, for moistening the substrate. The grown seedlings are planted on time in separate pots. They are planted in open ground only next spring, and they will bloom in the third or fourth year.
Until then, seedlings need shelter for the winter with peat, lapnik or lutrasil.
You can sow honeysuckle honeysuckle directly into the ground, and it is better to do this in the fall, so that the seeds during the winter months undergo a natural stratification in the soil. In the spring, the seedlings will unite together. It’s easy to care for them: water, loosen the earth around them, remove weeds, feed them, and most importantly - plant them in time so that they do not interfere with each other's development.
Propagation of honeysuckle honeysuckle layering
This is the easiest and most reliable way to reproduce honeysuckle. In the spring, a flexible branch of the creeper is laid in a shallow trench, leaving the apex above the surface, the shoot is fixed in the recess and covered with fertile soil. All summer cuttings are watered and fed, and in the fall they are separated from the bush and transplanted to a permanent place.
Honeysuckle cuttings honeysuckle
Propagation of honeysuckle honeysuckle cuttings also gives good results. Cuttings with at least two internodes are cut after flowering from the middle part of the shoots.
One internode during planting is completely buried in the substrate, having previously removed the leaf from it, and on the upper part of the stem the leaves are only shortened. Rooting takes place in a bright place, protected from direct sunlight, and in a humid environment.
It is best to root the cuttings in a greenhouse or hotbed under the film. The substrate should be light and fertile, such as a mixture of sand and peat in equal parts.
Cuttings are watered, weeded, aired, loosened soil around them, and as soon as new leaves begin to form on them, the cuttings process can be considered successfully completed. Cuttings are planted in a permanent place after a year, and after another year, the seedlings will bloom.
Honeysuckle Varieties Honeysuckle
Honeysuckle honeysuckle has two decorative forms:
- – alba - a plant blooming with white flowers two weeks earlier than the main species,
- – low-flowered - A very attractive plant, blooming with pink-red flowers, but not as plentiful as the typical form of honeysuckle and honeysuckle alba.
There is still Honeysuckle Honeysuckle Inga with white, pink, red or yellow fragrant flowers, collected in spike-like or capitate inflorescences.
As for the cultures often mentioned in the specialized literature, such as Honeysuckle Brown Honeysuckle and climbing honeysuckle, then, the first plant has nothing to do with honeysuckle: it is a hybrid between rough honeysuckle and evergreen honeysuckle.
Hybrid plants also include American honeysuckles and Hecrotta. Curly honeysuckle, or German, is an independent species of the genus, like honeysuckle honeysuckle and honeysuckle, gray-ash, yellow, bluish, offspring, cover, Ledebura, ordinary, Tatar and others.
Honeysuckle Honeysuckle in Landscaping
Honeysuckle honeysuckle is most often used for vertical gardening: it is decorated with arbors, arches, camouflage barriers and unattractive buildings. Planted along the fence, it becomes a decorative hedge. The plant goes well with flowering shrubs (mock up, action, Weigela, climbing roses) and conifers.
Honeysuckle honeysuckle (Lonicera caprifolium): varieties and species, planting, reproduction and care
A typical variety of the genus Honeysuckle is the honeysuckle honeysuckle, which has gained immense popularity in the vertical gardening of personal plots. Curly liana, sung in many legends as a symbol of passion, devotion and highly decorative, will be a wonderful addition to the landscape composition of the garden or a cozy courtyard.
Honeysuckle honeysuckle, also known as fragrant honeysuckle, is a climbing bush with a height of up to 6 m.
Lime green shoots, covered with oppositely arranged leaf plates, in the upper sinuses of which yellow-white flowers form, change their color to brown as they age.
In place of fragrant flowers during the fruiting period, which falls in the second half of summer, red berries form on short stalks, which creates the appearance that the fruits are glued to the leaves.
Soil requirement, site selection
Honeysuckle honeysuckle feels good in sunny areas or with slight shading, the soil prefers drained and fertile. The soil is being prepared a few weeks before the seedlings are planted: organic and complex mineral fertilizers in the form of compost, humus, and azofoska are made under digging.
How and when to plant a bush
The optimal time for planting shrubs in open ground is the second half of spring after passing the threat of return frosts. When the site is prepared: 1. Landing pits with dimensions of 50x50 cm are dug up, on the bottom of which a drainage layer of broken brick is placed, covered with fertile soil by ⅔ volume. 2.
If a hedge is planned, the distance between future seedlings is maintained at 1 m, and for group plantings - 1.5 m. 3. Saplings with straightened roots are set on the ground and buried in such a way that the root neck rises 5 cm above the ground. 4.
In the absence of a wall or fence nearby, a support in the form of metal or wooden battens is immediately dug in.
5. The near-stem circle is watered, after which the root neck is flush with the ground level.
A laborious and lengthy process in which stratified seeds are distributed in early spring on the surface of a moistened substrate prepared from peat and sand in equal parts. The containers are placed under glass and are contained in a warm, bright room.
When the seedlings appear, the protective glass is removed, and after the formation of 3 real leaves they dive. In the open ground, planting material is planted only at the end of next spring.
Flowering of specimens obtained by the seed method is noted after 3-4 years.
Honeysuckle honeysuckle (Lonicera caprifolium) planting in open ground
In order for the ornamental shrub to maintain its qualities, planting should be carried out in compliance with the basic rules.
Propagation of fragrant creeper
Decorative culture can be propagated by seeds, cuttings and layering.
In the spring procedure:
1. From the middle part of the shoots cuttings are cut 15 cm long with 2 internodes. 2. Cuttings are buried in a light, nutrient substrate on one internode. 3. Plastic bottles are installed above the plantings to create a greenhouse effect, which are systematically removed for ventilation and moisturizing. 4. After the formation of new leaves, the rooting process is considered to be successfully completed.
5. At a constant place, new specimens are planted at a permanent place of cultivation.
Propagation by layering
The most productive way, which is carried out in the spring. The lower shoot of the vine falls into a trench prepared in advance, where it is attached and rooted. The top of the branch is left above the ground. During the summer, layering is watered and fed, after which it is separated from the mother's specimen and planted at a constant place of growth.
Fragrant honeysuckle, or honeysuckle, lat. Lonicera caprifolium is a perennial deciduous vine that, with proper care, can grow up to six meters in length. This type of plant is the most popular in our gardens, it was with him that the fascination with the honeysuckle of decorative varieties among many gardeners began.
Over the season, this liana can give a two-meter growth and calmly entwine a pergola or rise high on the wall of a gazebo or a country house. Honeysuckle is frost-resistant, only the tips of the shoots are subject to freezing.
Oddly enough, a warm winter can harm this honeysuckle more cold. Frequent thaws cause swelling of the kidneys, which can die after frost. But even the honeysuckle that has frozen out under such conditions can regenerate from root buds that give offspring.
Honeysuckle blooms in early summer with bright colors for 15-20 days. The outer part of the buds is painted in orange-red tones and white-yellow inside.
But even after flowering, the curly honeysuckle of the honeysuckle type continues to delight with its decorative effect. At first, the greenish berries gradually turn red, and a pretty picturesque picture appears before our eyes.
Brown Honeysuckle, lat. Lonicera brownie is distinguished by the carrot color of its buds, which appear twice a season: first in June-July, secondly in August. Preferring sunny areas without drafts, this species tolerates winters well, and if it freezes a little, it quickly recovers.
This honeysuckle, lat. Lonicera henryi, refers to semi-evergreen species, that is, it does not completely drop its leaves for the winter, and some of them remain on the bush. She is significantly inferior to other forms in height, barely reaching two and a half meters. She has brown-red tubular buds that produce an amazing fragrance in mid-July. Black berries ripening by September are also decorative.
Honeysuckle Curly Henry
This hybrid of American and evergreen honeysuckle, lat. Lonicera heckrottii, hardly bears fruit. But Hekrotta can bloom for almost four months - from mid-June to October. The colors of the buds: yellow, cream, orange-pink. In length, the vine grows to four meters.
Honeysuckle seaside or Serotina, lat. Lonicera serotina, practically repeats the popular honeysuckle in everything, only its flowers are brighter, and the liana itself looks more compact, although it stretches almost five meters in length.
Seaside Honeysuckle - Serotina
Gerald Honeysuckle, lat. Lonicera giraldii, unlike other species, is evergreen. Its leaves remain on the vine all winter. In the most severe frosts, they curl into a tube, but continue to hang on branches, decorating your garden with greenery.
In spring, old leaves crumble under the pressure of blooming fresh buds. Flowering aroma is comparable to the smell of jasmine-mock up, and the color of the buds varies from white to lemon yellow.
Honeysuckle curly Belgian select blooms twice during the season. The first turn of buds begins to bloom in May on last year's shoots, the second - from the beginning of July on this year’s growth. Liana reaches a length of three meters with a one-year meter gain. Flowers have purple hues.
Belgian honeysuckle select
Species plants in adulthood do not hide. However, varietal, hybrid and young specimens are insulated with a thick layer of dry leaves as mulch. After protection of the basal area, the plants are removed from the support, laid on the litter and covered with natural covering material.
Diseases, pests and methods of dealing with them
Despite good immunity, honeysuckle honeysuckle can be attacked by aphids and cabbage caterpillars, which should be controlled with insecticidal pesticides according to the instructions on the package.
Among the diseases on the shoots of the plant, foci of powdery mildew and rust can be noted. As an effective means to combat diseases, fungicides are used.
As a preventive measure, it is recommended to remove diseased shoots and clean the trunk circle from infected plant debris after leaf fall.
Decorative honeysuckle in landscaping
Landscape designers practice the use of honeysuckle honeysuckle in vertical gardening of a personal plot. With the help of a winding vine: • beautiful hedges are created, • the ugly corners of the plot are decorated, including the walls of farm buildings, • arbors are decorated, • fences that divide the garden areas are decorated.
Thus, thanks to the decorative creeper, the gardener will be able to green the area with minimal physical and time costs, filling it with bright colors and a wonderful aroma.
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Honeysuckle Honeysuckle: varieties and types, winter care
Honeysuckle honeysuckle can be the dream of every gardener.
To create comfortable conditions for her to grow and develop, you need to have certain knowledge.
In the article we will consider how to grow it, what varieties of this plant are, what secrets the fruits contain, and how to decorate a garden plot with its help.
The appearance of the plant
This climbing plant is a 5 meter long vine. Bush growth is fast. For a year grows up to 1 meter.
Powerful roots honeysuckles are deep in the ground, look like a rod. Shoots appear without leaves, they themselves are green.
Leaves They have a wide elliptical shape and high density. The base of the plant consists of a fused pair of upper leaves, under which the most beautiful flowers bloom. They are similar to 5 cm tubules and form inflorescences.
Color gamut varied - from white to yellow and red-violet. Flowering begins in early summer and lasts 30 days. During this period, the plant exudes a delicate aroma. After flowering, beautiful bright red berries appear.
Berries. Many people know that there is honeysuckle, the berries of which are eaten and they have not only a pleasant taste, but also medicinal properties.
However, this does not apply to honeysuckle honeysuckle.
This vine does not belong to the edible variety. Its berries cannot be eaten and there is no use for them in the human body.
The question of their harm is still controversial. Until now, scientists have not come to a consensus. But, nevertheless, you should not risk it and try their effect on yourself.
Favorable conditions for growth
Honeysuckle honeysuckle can be grown throughout Russia.
Which area is undesirable for growing honeysuckle?
The only place where the plant does not feel comfortable is the northern regions of the country.
In this part, the climate is continental and honeysuckle is difficult to survive. In winter, special care is required, since the plant may freeze due to cold intolerance.
To create the most favorable conditions for growth, you need to choose a specific place and soil, which will allow the honeysuckle to give a lush color and become an ornament of any site.
It is believed that the honeysuckle honeysuckle plant is not capricious.
However, it is worth remembering that she will have to live in one place for decades, therefore, the soil should initially be suitable for long growth.
Namely, it should be inherent in friability, fertility and the absence of deep underwater in order to avoid rotting of the roots of the bush.
Add humus and peat for fertilizer. Watering for a month should be plentiful. If there is a large amount of clay, you will need to drain the earth.
Care does not require much effort and is quite simple.
All that is required is:
Watering should be regular. The plant loves water. In hot summers, honeysuckle should be irrigated twice a week. Periodically, the earth around the bush should be loosened or mulched.
You can not neglect the top dressing of honeysuckle. She will be very grateful for this. It is useful to fertilize the plant in early spring, this will give it a lot of strength for flowering.
Since the bush is a climbing vine, the support for honeysuckle is of great importance.
Of course, without it, growth is also possible, but flowering and the development of the bush can not wait, since all the forces will be directed to the rooting in the soil of a sprawling plant. Under the support, you can use trees, fences, various buildings. The only condition is strength.
Transfer the plant becomes necessary when the soil is depleted, the roots rot. You can optionally move the bush to a more favorable place or create a beautiful design solution in the landscape. The main thing in this matter is to comply with all the rules and not violate the root system.
The process of transplantation begins with the removal of adult branches from the support. You need to try to minimize damage to the bush. If it’s really hard to do this, gardeners propose to cut the honeysuckle of honeysuckle to half a meter.
Land preparation. The next moment, the land is prepared in the same way as when planting, that is, a hole is dug up in advance, drainage and fertilizer are placed there, and only then the plant is transferred to this place.
As soon as the plant is planted, it is cut to 1/3 of the length. In the second year of life, the skeleton of the bush is formed, choosing 3-4 strong shoots. Sick and broken branches should be removed regularly. But, one should not overdo it, otherwise the honeysuckle honeysuckle will lose all attractiveness.
Pruning. In the fall, it should be cut, but do not rush this spring.
The peculiarity of honeysuckle is that as soon as warm days come, sleeping kidneys begin to wake up, which are imperceptible.
Black and bare shoots after this need to be cut. Sometimes gardeners pruned form a bush.
Before wintering, for convenient shelter of the plant, you can shorten the stems.
Reproduction is done by layering. This is a risk-free and surest way.
It is enough just to bend a vine at the age of two years to the ground and press it using garden pins.
To see a quick result, the lower part of the shoot should be slightly incised. This will allow you to take root faster.
You can propagate the bush with seeds and cuttings. Seeds are contained in honeysuckle seeds. But, before you plant them on seedlings, you need to go through stratification. After the emergence of young plants, they are planted in the ground.
Cuttings are cut in the last month of summer. After landing, it is carried out in a sand-peat mixture. In spring, honeysuckle is planted in the ground.
If the plant is adult and species, then it is not necessary to insulate it for the winter.
But, winter frosts for a thermophilic varietal liana, especially a young one, are a serious test.
To preserve the bush, it is insulated with peat and humus around the trunk. The shoots themselves are removed from the support and laid on the ground.
Honeysuckle needs to be covered with slate, roofing material or a film.
Pests and diseases
Honeysuckle Honeysuckle is better to get rid of possible diseases in advance. Prevention will preserve the beauty of the bush.
Enemies are enough liana - it can be:
To prevent insects from harming the plant, it crumbles around the trunk superphosphateeither limeeither ash.
From chemicals, you can apply:
Autumn leaves are sprayed urea solution 5%, so that they do not get insects.
From caterpillars will save insecticides.
The plant may be affected by fungal diseases. There are plenty of reasons for this.
The main thing is to help the plant and destroy the infection as quickly as possible. Are applied fungicidal preparations, which can easily be found in any garden or flower shop.
Curly liana is an excellent backdrop for highlighting many other plants in the landscape. This is ideal for decorating gazebos or disguising farm buildings.
Vertical gardening will help to hide many of the shortcomings of the site!
You can find many photos with examples of successful solutions in landscape design using honeysuckle honeysuckle.
It can serve for:
- masking walls
- creating hedges
- delimitation of garden areas,
- creating shadows, etc.
- sad-i-ogorod.ru- “Garden” - Russian Gardens is an online store of seeds and seedlings.
- abekker.ru- “Becker” a popular store of seedlings, seeds, bulbs, delivery throughout Russia!
Honeysuckle honeysuckle (goat or fragrant): planting, care and reproduction
Large bright flowers, abundantly covering the honeysuckle honeysuckle, fill the garden with an unusual aroma every spring. This vine is good with inedible, but very picturesque fruits in vertical gardening. In our review you will find information about honeysuckle planting, what care is needed for it, and methods of reproduction.
About varieties and varieties of honeysuckle
All varieties of honeysuckle are divided into fruit and decorative. The fruit species of honeysuckle is a bush with a height of 1 to 2 meters. Varieties of this species differ in ripening, yield, fruit taste. The decorative look includes plants valued for their beauty.
This includes two groups:
- Bushes - honeysuckle Tatar, Korolkova, alpine, ordinary, Maximovich.
- Creepers - honeysuckle, Telman's honeysuckle, curly, Brown.
The honeysuckle among the vines is the honeysuckle, reaching a height of 6 m. Its young shoots, now light green, then all shades of red-violet, become grayish-brown in color with age. Long stems are covered with large dense dark green top and bluish leaves below.
In May-June, fragrant multi-flowered elegant inflorescences adorn the shoots. Each pink flower has a white or cream core. A month later, fruits appear - orange balls ripening in August. Although flowering lasts only about a month, the fragrant vine is decorative until late autumn.
Honeysuckle looks great next to conifers, woven roses, and other shrubs. Just look at the photo of this powerful honeysuckle creeper, which means goat, in order to want to settle it on your site.
Attention: Honeysuckle fruits cannot be eaten - they are poisonous.
In the sun, honeysuckle blooms more abundantly, so a place well lit by the sun is allocated for its landing. It is better to plant in the spring, and in order for the plant to develop correctly, support is necessary. On average, honeysuckle grows by 1 m per year. 50 years grows in one place.
Features of honeysuckle planting
Lonicera caprifolium is planted in a permanent place immediately. It is believed that goat liana prefers neutral acidic soils. She does not like clay or dry soils and develops poorly on them.
The landing process consists of several successive steps:
- We prepare a pit of 0.5 x 0.5 x 0.5 m or a ditch of the same width and depth.
- We lay drainage on the bottom - gravel, sand or crumb brick.
- The soil, taken out during the preparation of the seat, is mixed with peat, last year's manure, add trace elements, and lime in acidic soil.
- Make a knoll at the bottom of the pit. Be sure to arrange a support for the liana.
- We place the seedlings in the pit, after pruning the roots. We straighten them on a knoll, water it, fill it with a mixture, condense it, water it again.
- Mulch the earth around the bushes using peat or humus.
Note: for honeysuckle, a small deepening of the root neck is useful.
How and what to fertilize and feed
Goat honeysuckle reacts positively to top dressing, only it needs to be done correctly:
- at the end of autumn, we add potash and phosphorus fertilizers, add compost, humus under the bushes,
- in spring - the liana needs nitrogen, it is also useful to water it with diluted bird droppings or mullein.
Feed the plant twice a season
Honeysuckle from seeds
We harvest the seeds in July, for which we extract them from the pulp, thoroughly rinse, dry. The complexity of this method is that the seed material of honeysuckle does not germinate well.
To correct the situation, experienced gardeners recommend pre-exposing fresh seeds to stratification. To do this, pour wet sand into a container in the fall and pour the seeds. Place the dishes in the refrigerator on the lower shelf.
Every 14 days we check the humidity of the sand, spray it with water if it is dry.
For harvesting seeds you need ripe honeysuckle fruits
Thus, in the spring, the seeds will be prepared for planting. Sowing is carried out according to this technology:
- fill the box with nutrient substrate,
- pour seeds with sand on top,
- Sprinkle the seed with a thin layer of soil,
- cover with a film or glass,
- remove the shelter after emergence,
- we move seedlings to a permanent place in the fall, creating shelter for them.
You can plant stratified seeds in the spring, somewhere in April, to plant on the bed, making grooves with a depth of 15-20 mm and seeding them to a depth of 10 mm. In the summer they should be watered, to prevent overgrowing with weeds, cover with peat for the winter. In the spring of next year, seedlings are ready for resettlement to a place of permanent residence.
Propagation of goat honeysuckle by cuttings
For this method of propagation, it is necessary to prepare cuttings. It is better to do this before the end of the flowering period. Cuttings that do not break when bent are not suitable as starting material - this indicates that they are not yet mature enough. There should be 2-3 internodes on the handle.
We make the upper section straight at a distance of 1.5 cm from the kidney, and the lower one at an angle of 45 degrees. We remove the lower leaves completely, and shorten the upper leaves by ½. Billets are planted in a greenhouse, protected from the sun, maintaining a distance between them of approximately 0.2 m.
We make up the substrate for planting cuttings from peat, garden soil and sand (2: 1: 2).
Honeysuckle cuttings take root very easily
Three times a day, spray the cuttings for a month. During this time, the first leaves are formed and the seedlings will cease to need shelter. To sprouts successfully transferred the winter, mulch them. We transplant into open ground in the spring.
Tip: harvest cuttings from the middle part of the whip. Ideally, the workpiece is about 10 cm long and about 0.5 cm thick.
The fourth method of reproduction is dividing the bush
From an overgrown, well-developed plant, you can safely separate the part for transplantation:
- dig a bush at the base,
- take a sharp secateurs and cut off the shoot with roots.
Reproduction by dividing the bush - a more laborious method
- we dig out the plant completely with a large earthen lump,
- divide the bush into parts using a sharp shovel,
- we process cuts with ash or crushed coal,
- shorten the shoots by a third of the length,
- put each share in a separate seat,
- we begin to form a crown one year after the transplant procedure.