“The dog is the only animal whose loyalty is unshakable.” - J. Buffon
In 1994, psychology professor Stanley Coren of the Canadian University of British Columbia wrote a book called Dog Intelligence. He studied more than 100 dog breeds through a survey of judges from Canadian and American Kennel Clubs. And then he identified three aspects of intelligence:
- Instinctive intelligence (the ability to perform tasks for which this breed was bred).
- Adaptive intelligence (the ability to independently solve problems and learn from previous mistakes).
- The ability to work and obey a person (learning ability).
And the main indicators of the dog’s mind for the author of “Dog Intelligence” were such criteria as the dog’s understanding of the new team and the first time the team was executed.
According to the results of the study, the three most intelligent dogs were Border Collie, a poodle and a German shepherd. All because they are easily trained. Does this mean that they are the smartest in the canine world? Or does this mean that they are not so smart, because they always follow the instructions of people and do not think for themselves? You can argue in both directions.
But the most stupid dog breeds according to Stanley Coren.
10. Basset Hound
Calm and contact dogs friendly to other animals and children. Like many other "most stupid dogs" basset hounds are stubborn, slow and pay more attention to the amazing smells around, rather than the commands of the owner. For the delicacy, they will do what you want from them. However, if you have nothing to offer the basset, he will “forget” the learned team.
Let the sad eyes of Basset Hound not deceive you, behind them lies a strong, curious and unwilling person
It is unlikely that you would dare say "stupid dog" right in the face of a large, muscular mastiff. However (behind them) we recognize that a high level of activity and ease of training are not among the hallmarks of this breed.
Due to the huge size and good protective qualities of the breed, it is important that the owner of the mastiff begin training and socialization of his pet at an early, puppy stage. And then the mastiff will become a respectable and formidable defender of the whole family.
These dogs love to follow where their scent leads, which can sometimes lead to trouble. The fun and affectionate nature of the beagle combined with his deceptively sad look can make you think that he is the perfect homemade toy. But this is not so. Beagles are extremely active and purposeful dogs, have a difficult character and cannot resist the desire to explore the world. Due to their unique scent, representatives of this breed help police in finding explosives.
Unlike many breeds that were originally conceived as working dogs and later became companions, the Pekingese from the very beginning played only one role - the person’s pet. Intelligence has always ranked last in the list of qualities of this breed. But the Pekingese are very beautiful, funny, friendly and can be kept in a small apartment.
Bloodhound “sees” the world first of all with its extremely sensitive nose. These dogs are difficult to train because they are constantly distracted by all the smells around. They also have a ton of energy, stubbornness and determination, and they are absolutely unstoppable when they go out on the smell path. It is unlikely that you can force the Bloodhound to do anything against his will. But on a large site outside the city where the dog can move freely, your pet will be happy, cheerful and content with life.
5. Russian canine greyhound
These dogs with amazingly beautiful silky hair are independent freethinkers. They can also be extremely stubborn, so greyhound training is an exercise in patience.
For these dogs, frequent but short trainings rather than hourly sessions are best suited. In the house they are, as a rule, very well-mannered, calm, clean and very affectionate.
4. Chow Chow
Chow Chows may look like adorable teddy bears, but they are not always cute and kind. Designed to be guard dogs, Chow Chows are serious, independent, and fearless animals. They are strong-willed and stubborn, and also very strong, so for training you need an experienced dog breeder.
Chow Chow is not the most stupid dog in the world, it’s just on your mind. A well-bred dog of the Chow-Chow breed is a noble, faithful and reliable companion.
This breed is known for its obstinacy. English bulldogs are calm, and even lazy, but at the same time rudely elegant and very affectionate for people. They are excellent companion dogs for a phlegmatic person. And French bulldogs are more temperamental than their English counterparts, friendly, do not require long walks and are ideal for busy people.
Due to their lazy nature, stubbornness and a tendency to be distracted, bulldogs require a longer training than other dog breeds. They are not the best guards for a private house, not service dogs, and do not crave exemplary execution of commands, such as a German shepherd. The Bulldog is an excellent companion dog for the family, and do not expect more from it.
This African barking dog is known for its independence and alienation. Some people describe this breed as having feline qualities, and in fact, many Bassenji wash their paws like cats.
Bassenji dogs have earned a reputation for being “uncontrollable,” but in this case, ease of training is not always an accurate measure of intelligence. On the contrary, these animals are smart, curious and playful. They have excellent hunting qualities and are still used in the Congo for hunting.
Bassenji training can sometimes seem like taming a wild animal. They are vigilant and careful, and yet fearless and very stubborn. You can’t bring them up with a stick, only patience and affection.
1. Afghan Hound
It can be said that these graceful dogs with luxurious long hair are run by the nose. For this reason, Afghans are difficult to train because they do not look up, they look down. Dogs of this breed are not very interested in listening to or pleasing to a person. They are more interested than smelling around, and also want to chase everything that moves.
At the same time, the Afghans are very affectionate and kind animals. And the fact that they are not in a hurry to execute the owner’s commands does not mean at all that the pet is untrained. The Afghan Hound was bred for hunting. Often these dogs overtook a hunter on a horse and drove the beast on their own, without instructions from a person. Thanks to this, they developed an independent and persistent character. Give afghan the opportunity to show your hunting temperament and you will not find the best companion.
Not all scientists agree with the classification of the most stupid dogs from the Koren list.
«I don’t think there are such things as smart dogs and stupid dogs. It is simply a return to the linear version of intelligence, as if intelligence is a cup of coffee that is more or less full. Different dogs are good at different things. And all of them are geniuses in their own way"Says Brian Hare, associate professor of evolutionary anthropology at Duke University of North Carolina.
Dog Intelligence Features
People are used to thinking that those dogs are obedient and aware of what is required of them at a certain moment. This is convenient for a person, and he included in the concept of canine intelligence other criteria that form and at the same time limit this definition.
- Animal instinct, allowing the animal to show its skills due to genetics. Such useful qualities that make a beast a good watchman, hunter, bloodhound or security guard. Instincts play an important role not only for official activities - they affect the obedience and success of the socialization process.
- Adaptability to new conditionsability to behave adequately in any, including adverse conditions. This means adaptation in the owner’s family, the ability to ignore undesirable events, a calm attitude towards other living things. Specialists call this skill adaptive intelligence, and it is not present in all canine representatives.
- Obedience - this, perhaps, a person appreciates most in a pet, and therefore also introduced into a number of aspects that determine his mind. It is easy to understand what is meant by this - quick and easy learning, quick wit, understanding of teams and their implementation. Each owner would like his dog to understand him perfectly. But how is it really? Many animals are stubborn, show their own will, cunning and love of freedom, how can they be considered stupid for this?
By the way, some dogs were bred not for close contact with a person, but for other purposes. You can recall the greyhounds and hounds that were created in order to pursue prey, in which case the owner himself must adapt to their actions. Moreover, it is inappropriate to consider these animals blunt, because their special thinking differs from the intelligence of other breeds.
Stupid breed rating
Dogs are considered the most highly developed and intelligent animals, but this does not mean that all members of this family are easily trained, implicitly execute commands and obey their owners. However, they can be called dull only conditionally - do not forget that each breed is different in its own temperament, character and characteristics of the psyche. Therefore, it is not a matter of low intelligence.
Today in the world there are several breeds considered by psychologists as the most stupid, but it is more correct to call them original.
French Bulldog is a great companion. He is smart, energetic, brave and very stubborn. Representatives of this breed are characterized by the fact that they know their worth, imposing a sense of self-esteem on others.
You need to start training a dog of the French Bulldog breed immediately after it crosses the threshold of your home. This is necessary in order to take control of a wayward pet.
The stubbornness of the bulldog can significantly slow down the process of education, so you need to be patient and take the same lesson several times, not forgetting to repeat the material already passed.
Light, airy and playful creature, called Italian Italian greyhound, is increasingly becoming an excellent pet option in society. In principle, this dog is easy to train. But there are some features of education that must be considered.
For Italian greyhound, monotonous activities are a source of incredible boredom, because of which she quickly loses interest in training and moves on to activities that are more fun in her opinion.
Do not overwork the pet with a long educational process, lessons for him should be short, but rich. It is best to build a training in the form of an exciting game. And do not forget to praise your pet, this approach is important for this breed.
The sooner the training of the young Japanese chin begins, the faster the happy owner will see an obedient smart pet in front of him. Explain to him the rules of conduct in the house. But in no case do not raise his voice at him. Screaming or rudeness pauses all your attempts to raise a hin. You do not need to prove your leadership in front of a dog of this breed. But you can’t indulge the whims of a pet.
During lessons, the hin is able to begin to show willfulness and refuse to obey his master. In such a situation, human patience will come to the rescue. At the same time, there should be no use of physical force.
Another feature of the Japanese chin is its tendency to think twice about the situation. It has already been proven that the animal understands what the owner wants from him. He reads facial expressions, gestures and even the intonation of his owner, but immediately refuses to execute the command. He must think it over first.
This behavior is not so common, but still responsible owners should remember such a feature of their pet and not give vent to emotions.
The most important thing in educating a bobtail is not to miss precious time. If you do not start training immediately after the appearance of the puppy, you can count on him to ignore you in 90% of cases.
Dogs of this breed are distinguished by good nature, so the main stage in his upbringing is to surround the dog with love, patience and mutual kindness. Do not try to train your pet one thousand and one team, for this breed this approach is difficult to learn.
Select the basic set of commands and cram them, bringing the animal's actions to automatism. Only one family member should train a bobtail. His voice will be perceived by the dog as a leadership call. Do not finish the training until the dog understands the main points.
The stubborn and independent dog in the house is the headache of its owners. Therefore, consider all the features of the breed when choosing a pet. The easier it will be for you to pick up a set of teams for his upbringing and become the leader of the pack for the animal.
Affectionate, courageous and devoted animal, however too independent and passionate only for its values. A dog may not fulfill commands, if only because its main purpose is hunting.
It is difficult to say which animal can be placed at the beginning or end of the list, it is better to judge the owners of these dogs.
How to check the intellectual abilities of a pet?
The mental abilities of some canine representatives are considered rather low, but this certainly cannot be argued. Indeed, sometimes for lack of intelligence they take disobedience, which is caused by the manifestation of independence, disagreement, which indicates the presence of one's own character.
To dispel doubts about the mental capabilities of your dog, you can conduct a series of simple tests, the result of which will confirm or refute the opinion of its limitations. The result of each study is estimated by the number of points that will need to be added at the end. For research, you need a watch with a second hand or a stopwatch.
Sugar bone or other favorite food should be shown to the pet, then put on the floor and place a towel on top. After that, you can time:
- the dog found a treat in 0.5 minutes - 3 points,
- found in 0.5-1 minutes - 2 points,
- did not have time to take out in 1 min - 1 point,
- I didn’t even try to get it - 0 points.
It is possible to check the dog’s quick wits by placing the treat in a place where the animal cannot reach, simply by sticking its face in. It can be a low sofa or bed, or a homemade device. Allow the pet to take a treat:
- if with the help of paws the dog took out food in 2 minutes - 4 points,
- 3 minutes - 3 points
- I tried to help myself with my paws for about 3 minutes, but failed - 2 points,
- made an attempt to get her teeth - 1 point,
- I didn’t get it - 0 points.
You need to take a blanket or a large towel, let the animal sniff, and then put it on his head so that his whole body is under the fabric. It should be estimated for what period of time the dog will get out from under the material:
- in 0.5 min - 3 points,
- for 0.5-2 minutes - 2 points,
- there was an attempt to free myself, but unsuccessful - 1 point,
- no attempts were made - 0 points
You can also check the status of the memory. To do this, you need to teach the dog to find a hidden treat, you can put food under the tilted dishes upside down. Show that it is there, you need at least 7-8 times for the animal to learn. Then, in the presence of the pet, three inverted cups should be put on the floor, under one of which to hide the treat. After that, take the dog out of the room for 30 seconds, return and give the command “Search”:
- if you immediately find a treat under the right dishes - 2 points,
- will find, after 2 minutes - 1 point,
- will not find - 0 points.
Now it's time to count the points:
- 10-12 points - the pet has extraordinary mental abilities,
- 8-10 points - the animal has high intelligence,
- 4-7 points - a solid four can be placed on a dog,
- 1-3 points - the pet is either extremely stubborn, or didn’t do anything with it,
- 0 points - perhaps the animal is given little attention, and in puppyhood no one bothered to develop his intelligence and memory, but this does not mean that everything is lost.
Fortunately, the situation can be corrected, but for this you need to spend more time with your pet, more often carry out various tests, but always in a playful way. It is likely that past results were deplorable due to the fact that the dog was simply not interested in the ongoing event.
During any experiments, it is worth encouraging the animal, encouraging by stroking. If the owner has high spirits, it will be transferred to the pet, and he will actively show his abilities.
You can captivate the dog by hiding the goodies first nearby, and then to more inaccessible places. Usually, dogs get an excitement at the same time, and they head off in search.
If the puppy is still small, then do not strictly judge its results - he has yet to develop and hone new skills.
And another important nuance - the success of training tests depends largely on how much time the owner devotes to his dog, as well as on the duration of the dog’s stay in the house. It is unlikely that the dog’s talents will be fully revealed if she lived for 1-2 months next to a person, at least, experienced dog breeders think so.
On the features of the most stupid dog breeds, see below.