Today, a large number of people prefer sled dog breeds. This is due to the fact that they are very hardened, strong and active. But in order to sled dogs remained healthy both emotionally and physically, they require special care.
Breeds of sled dogs
The most favorable habitat for these dogs is Taiga or other places where severe frosts are observed, but at the same time they get along well in other conditions, even in the south of Russia.
Especially popular at this stage of time are Northern sled dogs. These dogs are often exploited as draft power and for transportation. There are about twenty breeds of sled dogs, but the most popular of them are the following:
1. Siberian Husky. Next to these dogs you begin to feel like a hero of Jack London's stories, a gold digger, a pioneer of the North - Elame Harnish, nicknamed "Time-does-not-wait."
Husky sled dogs great racers and for 7 thousand years have not changed. Females are kind, gentle and affectionate, while males, on the contrary, are serious. Working dogs are very different from exhibition dogs, their character is more seasoned and they prefer to rely only on their own strengths, and not on the owner. For a husky, run and not react to the fact that the usual thing is happening.
In the photo, husky sled dogs
2. Alaskan Malamute. No less interesting breed. This is a typical snow plains heavy truck. These unique dogs are not afraid of even a temperature of 70 degrees below zero. The breed was created to work productively in harness.
These strong dogs lived with their owners in the adverse conditions of the North. Dogs were used to transport heavily armed sleds on snow and ice, during hunting. Alaskan Malamutes in appearance are very similar to huskies, only a little larger.
Sled dog alaskan malamute
3. Norwegian sports mestizo. The breed was formed as a result of crossbreeding of German sporting Kurzhaars and Scandinavian Greyhounds. Norwegian mestizos often participate in solo races in bike joring.
Norwegian sports mestizo
4. Volkosob. This is the newest, unique breed of sled dog, bred as a result of crossing a wolf and a German shepherd. Their jaw is much stronger than that of dogs, and such a bodyguard can notice the violators or smell drugs 20 times faster. Such dogs are quite trusting and faithful. The scent of a wolf-dog is much clearer than that of a simple dog. In a matter of minutes, he can find an item by smell.
In the photo, the dog is wolfhound
5. Samoyed or Samoyed Like. Translated from Maltese "owners of their land." Appeared from a white polar wolf. In America they are called "dogs for a good mood." They are very good-natured, sensual, affectionate. Samoyeds are strong and very hardy.
In the photo riding Samoyed huskies
6. Chukchi sled dog. This native breed was recognized several years ago by the Russian Cynological Federation. Residents of Chukotka used these large dogs to transport heavy loads.
Dogs are perfectly adapted to the harsh climate, the coat is adjacent, but long and warm. With the right upbringing, already at the age of six months all the teams perform remarkably.
Chukotka sled dog
Buy sled dog it's not cheap. But is it a pity to spend money on a dog that is guaranteed to be your true friend?
Sled dog training
No matter how paradoxical this may sound, even from a yard husky you can raise a champion. The main thing is hard work. Riding dogs need constant training to keep themselves fit.
They can go up to 150 km per day, but for this you need to work hard. To keep fit, dogs need to run from 10 km per day with the owner. Different breeds have their own characteristics and therefore each dog begins training in different ways.
First you need to take a bag in which you will put food and shoes for a dog, a leash, a first-aid kit, a bowl, sandwiches. And keep your course in the forest to form the right commands for the pet right, left, forward, stand.
Canicross will be the second step in the initiation of sledding. The basics of sledding dogs of these breeds should be introduced from a young age. Training starts from 4–5 months.
The best way to prepare your baby is to wear a short harness for sled dogson which the toy will hang. As a result, the puppy will not only enjoy the game, but also train.
First, exercise in the apartment or in the house, in a few weeks you can go out with the baby. Training of older dogs is done by copying.
Canicross with sled dogs
An important role is played by the drover himself or the athlete who controls the flock. He must know the ranks of his dogs. For example, low-ranking dogs don’t want to cross the run line of high-ranking dogs and don’t really want to overtake them during competitions. Therefore, high-ranking dogs lead the rest.
A good sled dog should not doubt his actions. All skills learned must be automatic. To do this, you need to act in stages. The training algorithm should consist of the following items:
- form a situation when the dog must make the right decision:
- control that he performs the actions correctly.
- encourage the pet.
- repeat the commands as many times as necessary so that the dog remembers and forms his skill.
What can a sled dog do?
Sled dogs can do the following:
- inspire their owners to great things in any situation.
- carry heavy loads in the north, where there is only snow and no roads.
- transport people on sledges. Sledges for sled dogs - These are special sleds for racing in which dogs are harnessed.
- take part in cross-country skiing.
The sled dog does not need to explain that it is necessary to run forward, it has it in the genes. But dogs of other breeds need to be trained in this. In addition, there is such a variety sled dog competitionslike bike joring. This is a very useful discipline that requires special sled dog equipment.
In the photo sledges for sled dogs
Its essence lies in the fact that a person moves on a bicycle and with the help of equipment controls the dog’s running next to him. At the start, the dog must be given time to pack up, for this they count from five to one.
When a person moves, he should not pick up the sling and coordinate the dog, as the four-legged athlete is only distracted. In those situations when the owner observes that the interference is hanging, it means that the pet slowed down and ceased to feel the owner.
Measurement harness for sled dog
The purpose of the canyros and bike-joring is to pass the track at maximum speed, for this you need to constantly feel and maintain your dog. Over time, such training unites the person and the dog, and later on helps to find a common language with the pet. In general, this is an excellent workout not only for the pet, but also for the owner. Being engaged in such jogging in the evenings you can get in shape in a couple of weeks.
The blue-eyed handsome Husky is the most popular in this group. Siberian husky sled dogs were bred a thousand years ago in Siberia. The fast and hardy animal required the Chukchi to hunt deer. Husky have a unique metabolism and can go without food for a long time. They are designed for physical work in harness. In the hands of a competent hunter show their hunting skills in the pursuit of a large beast.
The frantic demand for a “blue-eyed husky” led to the fact that she was redesigned into a resident of megacities and instilled in her the features of a city resident. Real native husky is now a rarity.
The Malamute heavy truck is the oldest and largest representative of draft breeds. The Eskimos took him out to transport the heaviest loads. Unlike a husky, a malamute animal is not fast, but very strong and hardy. Not picky about food. Sometimes the Malamutes performed the role of a “heating pad” and warmed the owner and his children in severe frosts.
Being direct descendants of the northern wolf, husky and malamutes almost do not bark, they grumble and prefer to howl. They still have the skills for excavation. In the natural environment they can feed themselves on their own, extracting small rodents from under the thickness of snow and ice.
Husky and Malamutes became central characters in films about sled dogs "Bolto", "Snow Dogs", "White Captivity". In the center of New York, a historical monument of a heroic husky (the central harness named Bolto) was installed. It delivered vaccines during the strongest snowstorm for children with diphtheria. It happened in 1925. Together with her, the Malamutes worked in the same harness.
The best husky sled dog kennels and Alaskan Malamute belong to Russia and the USA. Today these dogs are at the peak of popularity and the average thoroughbred puppy can be bought in any city in Russia from 10 to 20 thousand rubles. The price of an elite pet reaches 50 thousand rubles. It depends on the class, exterior and pedigree line.
Samoyed Laika - a white teddy bear. In the snow, during a blizzard and snowstorm, the husky is practically not visible, only the black nose gives out its presence. It has a unique self-cleaning coat. It got its name thanks to the nomadic Samoyed tribes.
Samoyed husky is strong and hardy. Unlike its husky or malamute relatives, it does the work of a shepherd deer, can guard a person’s dwelling and hunt walruses and bears.
Able to work as an independent breed, and in a draft coupling with other representatives of the group. The cost of an elite white Samoyed husky puppy in the best kennels in the world reaches 100 thousand rubles. The average price category varies from 25 to 50 thousand rubles. You can buy a puppy in the nurseries of the Russian Federation.
Samoyed husky starred in the comedy Russian film "Polar Flight". It is enough to see how the sled dogs look in the photo to be imbued with respect for their hard work in the name of man.
Chukotka sled dog
Living legend of Chukotka. An indigenous Chukchi dog lives on the shores of the Arctic Ocean. It has a phenomenal feature to survive in difficult conditions. In an emergency, he can hold his breath and heartbeat, and lie in the snow for several days without food, while maintaining a supply of strength for further work.
Chukchi dogs have a very trusting relationship with humans. It is proved that males of this breed are loyal to one female, like wolves, until the end of life. No puppy price statistics available. The only nursery of Chukchi sled dogs is in Karelia.
Another native breed bred in Yakutia by breeding the largest and most hardy domestic dogs. It looks like a cross between a husky, a samoyed and a malamute, it has blue eyes. In addition to hard work, it is used for hunting, has not pronounced security qualities. Currently gaining popularity not only in Russia but also in Europe. The puppy's price is not clearly established due to its exclusivity. A couple of years ago, the first nurseries of Yakut huskies appeared in Yakutia and other cities of the Russian Federation (Moscow, Bryansk, Novosibirsk, Tver, Krasnodar).
Experimental breed of the regions of the Far East. It can be used as a harness. Strong, hardy and devoted to man. The first hybrid puppy was born from a male German shepherd and wild she-wolf. The wolfhound has the character of a shepherd, and the wolf inherited the appearance. He has strong jaws and a sense of smell 20 times better than that of the representatives of the dogs.
Today, these unique mestizos have a security service at state borders and work in the police and army. Breeding nurseries are located in Russia and the Czech Republic. Official sale of puppies is prohibited. In all films where participation of wolves is required, wolf ways are removed. Visually distinguish them from wild predators can only a highly qualified dog handler.
Norwegian sports mestizo
A real sprinter. The breed occurred as a result of crossing the largest representatives of the German Kurzhaar and the Scandinavian Greyhounds. To balance the psyche, blood of pointers was added to her. As a result, a powerful, strong and non-aggressive dog appeared to the world, capable of stretching a sports bullet or skier.
Norwegian mestizos have been bred specifically to compete in harness competitions in which they show unique results. Norwegian mestizo breeding kennels belong to Norway. In Russia, the price of a puppy has not been established.
Greenland sled dog
Greenland dogs are ancient representatives of this class. Their remains date back to 7 thousand years BC. A person is perceived as the leader of the pack. Listen to only one owner.
They can tow not only sledges, but also horse-drawn carts, carts and people skiing. In Russia, nurseries for the breeding of puppies of this breed are not registered. Buying a pet is incredibly difficult. Puppies that are weak and unsuitable for harsh survival are rejected at birth, so the breed is not large.
The rarest breed, the existence of which few have heard. Outwardly, she looks like a mongrel. In fact, the chinook is very hardy, it can pull sledges no worse than any northern husky. He is also an excellent guard and companion. Given the rarity of the breed, a chinook puppy can cost $ 1,000. Finding a nursery or breeders is only possible in America.
In 2006, a special sled dog kennel “Severny” was organized in the picturesque forest area near Moscow Region. The purpose of its creation is breeding and preparing animals for participation in international and Russian competitions. In parallel, tourism is developed in the nursery. Sledding is carried out in winter in classic sledges, and in summer animals are harnessed to a quad. In the nursery "Severny" you can get acquainted with fifty representatives of the breeds, from the most popular to the rarest, native mestizos.
All sled dogs have good health, good morals, do not show aggression to humans. Get along well with their own kind. Make friends with children. They require a lot of physical and mental stress. They are difficult to train. Conditionally suitable as a guard or bodyguard (exception hybrid wolf and shepherd).
Ideal for street content. They tolerate frosts well. Aviary or chain conditions of existence, for freedom-loving animals, are like death. As an owner they are suitable only for experienced breeders with a strong character and leadership features.
Chukotka riding husky
author Janivev Fri Fri 06, 2011 12:45 pm
Type of dog:
About the breed:
For residents of the Far North, huskies are not just transport animals, but part of the culture. For millennia, these dogs have been close to people and have gained fame as faithful helpers who can be relied on in the most extreme situations. Chukchi riding huskies transported goods, helped find ways for lost travelers, guarded homes and their owners from predators. And, despite the rapid development of science and civilization, sled dogs still occupy a strong place in the life of northerners. The most modern technology is sometimes powerless against the harsh climatic conditions of the Arctic. But, where cars do not pass, there will always be a team with a pack of Chukchi sleds.
To this day, Chukchi riding huskies are the best, and sometimes the only possible, vehicle in these harsh lands.It should be added that sled dogs participated in many polar expeditions and made an invaluable contribution to the development of the Arctic. It is not surprising that they were appreciated in Alaska, where the Chukchi riding huskies got, thanks to American prospectors. By the way, on the basis of these dogs, the breed so beloved and popular around the world as the Siberian Husky was bred.
Unfortunately, there were tragic moments in the history of this unique breed. Chukchi riding huskies almost disappeared from the face of the earth when the Soviet government declared war on the "relics of the past." Modern vehicles were offered to the northerners as vehicles, while entire stocks of Chukchi riding huskies were mercilessly destroyed. The breed was restored, thanks to significant efforts from Russian scientists.
If we talk about the appearance, then the Chukchi riding husky is a medium-sized dog, stretched format, strong physique, with a dense skeleton and well-developed muscles. The height of the Chukchi riding husky at the withers is 52-58 cm for males and 49-55 cm for females, weight - 25-30 kg and 20-25 kg, respectively. The appearance of the Chukchi riding husky is completely due to its functional purpose, so these dogs are distinguished by a somewhat rough exterior.
The head of the Chukchi riding huskies is powerful, wedge-shaped, with pronounced cheekbones and a noticeable transition from the forehead to the muzzle. These dogs are characterized by obliquely set eyes, usually brown or yellow. The ears of the Chukchi sled are erect, small in size, low set, with blunt ends. As for the coat of these dogs, it is straight, medium length, rough to the touch, with a dense and soft undercoat. The standard of the Chukchi riding husky allows almost all colors, except black and tiger. The most common are fawn, zoning-gray, white-spotted and brown dogs.
It should be noted that the Chukchi riding, like the rest of the huskies, are extremely independent. They are not characterized by violent manifestations of love and tenderness, even in relation to their master, however, aggression towards people is not characteristic of them. It is important to understand that Chukchi riding huskies are, first of all, working dogs, for which there is no greater joy than to benefit people, therefore, the best reward for them will be exhausting work.