- these are flowers whose lifespan (according to the scientific growing season) of which lasts only one season.
Also, annuals may include some perennial crops that do not winter in the climatic conditions of our country, so they have to be grown as annuals, planting new seeds every year.
Annual Flower Classification
According to their decorative qualities, annual flowers are divided into:
- flowering (ageratum, petunia, salvia, begonia)
- decorative leaf (cochia, railing, coleus)
- curly (decorative beans, sweet peas, morning glory)
Annuals by the method of cultivation are divided:
- those grown seedlings
- those grown outdoors
What annuals plant through seedlings, and which in open ground?
We offer you a plate, thanks to which, you can find out which flowers belong to annuals, which are grown through seedlings, and which are planted directly in the ground.
|Astra annual||Seedling method|
|Marigold||Seedling method and in open ground|
|Cornflower blue||Sowing in soil|
|Bindweed undersized and tricolor||Open ground|
|Godetia||Seedling and open ground|
|Sweet pea||Seedling method and in open ground|
|Sweet tobacco||In the open ground and seedlings|
|Calendula||Seedling or in open ground|
|Lavater||Open ground and seedlings|
|Marine lobularia||Open ground|
|Mattiola the bicorn||Open ground|
|Phlox annual||Seedling method|
|Escholzia California||Open ground|
Where is it better to plant annuals in the garden?
Annuals or, alternatively, annuals are indispensable in summer plantings; they help to decorate the garden during the period when perennials have not yet blossomed in the garden.
This group of plants can be planted:
- on hills (rock gardens, rockeries) near the parent-plant perennials,
- in containers for the entrance area,
- on the patio or balcony
- in mixborders or borders,
- flower beds
Sweet pea, or sweet odor (Lathyrus odoratus)
A popular garden plant that has been used for many years for vertical gardening of Russian gardens. Popularity sweet pea (Lathyrus odoratus) ensured its unpretentiousness in culture, abundant flowering and gentle beauty of its flowers.
Sweet pea has now been bred more than a thousand varieties, combined into 16 different groups, which differ in color, height and flowering time. You can choose a variety of sweet peas for any corner of the garden.
Sweet pea itself is very unpretentious, it can withstand temperature drops of -5 ° C, so it can be sown in the ground in early May. If desired, sweet peas can be grown through seedlings, which are sown in March.
Echinocystis, Thistle (Echinocystis echinata)
Thistle, or Echinocystis lobed (Echinocystis echinata) perhaps almost the first liana, which began to be used for decorating village hedges. Easily propagating by self-sowing, it spread independently on vegetable gardens and gardens. For the growth rate (lashes up to 6 m long) and prickly fruits that can "shoot" seeds and are a bit like cucumbers, the people nicknamed it "mad cucumber." Thistle flowering is also quite beautiful, at the time of mass blooming of small white flowers, the plant is covered with a wonderful "white foam".
Echinocystis is sown before winter, if desired, in spring, seedlings of echinocystis can be planted.
Bindweed, or "daytime beauty." Convolvulus.
Most garden vines are rather large plants, taking up a lot of space and requiring support, but a bindweed, or convolvulus, is not like that. Convolvulus tricolor or convolvulus tricolor (Convolvulus tricolor) - A relatively small ground cover annual liana, with stems only a half meter long. But his flowers are large, bright, pink, blue or blue, open only in good weather. Propagated by direct sowing in the soil, in the spring, but if desired, can be grown through seedlings.
Interestingly, the weedy bindweed with white or pink flowers, woven along the fence or according to our favorite flowers, is well-known to everyone. field bindweed (Convolvulus arvensis) - perennial plant rising to a height of a meter. And in one place it can grow annually for 50 years!
Nasturtium (Tropaeolum cultorum)
Another liana, not distinguished by powerful growth, but very decorative, is cultured nasturtium (Tropaeolum cultorum). There are many ampel varieties suitable for growing both in containers and on pylon. Less known foreign nasturtium, or as it is often called Canarian (Tropaeolum peregrinum)and meanwhile it is an amazingly beautiful annual liana, with stems up to 3 m long. It is quite popular in Europe, but so far rare with us. Fancy flowers with a corrugated edge look like small yellow canaries. Unlike large nasturtium, which is sown immediately in open ground, this heat-loving "Canary" needs sowing for seedlings. Sown in February, and in May, when the threat of frost passes, they are planted in the ground.
Foreign Nasturtium, or Canarian, Tropaeolum peregrinum
Moonflower - "Moonlight Miracle" (Calonyction, Ipomoea)
While not very popular with gardeners and moonflowers. The most decorative look is prickly moonflower or morning glory flowering (Calonyction aculeatum, Ipomoea bona-noх) - grassy vine up to 3 m in height, suitable for decorating well-lit areas of the garden. It blooms from July to frost with large fragrant white flowers that bloom at night and wither in the morning, which is why the plant got its name.
Sown in May in a permanent place, the seeds before planting are scarified or soaked in warm water for about a day.
Moonflower (Calonyction album)
Annual vines to be sown for seedlings
There is a fairly large group of vines of southern origin, which are usually perennials in the homeland, but in the middle zone they are grown as annual crops. Due to the shorter season, they need to be grown seedlings, sowing in late February - early March. They are planted in the soil only after the danger of frost has passed.
Decorative Fire Red Beans - Turkish Beans (Phaseolus coccineus)
In Russia, decorative beans are better known as Turkish Beans (Phaseolus coccineus)Although she comes from Central America, she came to us from Turkey, hence the name. Decorative beans - a fairly large annual liana, can reach a height of 3 or more meters. However, there are a large number of varieties, among which there are bush forms that do not require garter and support.
Unlike most decorative vines, which are famous for beautiful flowering or decorative leaves, the beans have very nice fruits that adorn it before the onset of cold weather.
Beans are propagated by seeds, which are sown on seedlings in late April - early May, and planted in the ground in late May.
Kobeya - The Monastery Bells (Cobaea scandens)
Mexican Ivy or Monastery Bells - known by such names climbing kobeya (Cobaea scandens). In central Russia, it is a rather tall annual liana, 2 meters or more high, with large flowers of lilac or white. The plant is unpretentious, suitable for growing both in the shade and in the sun, in areas with any garden soil. Kobe is sown for seedlings in February, planted in open ground not earlier than mid-late May.
Ipomoea, or farbitis (Ipomea)
In the culture of the middle strip most often grown Ipomoea purpurea (Pharbitis purpurea, Ipomea purpurea). This is a large plant, reaching the height of 2 m by the end of the season, with large heart-shaped leaves and wonderful large flowers up to 7 cm in diameter, purple, blue or pink.
Ipomoea purpurea is grown only through seedlings, which are sown in February. For planting, choose a sunny place with loose fertile soils.
An interesting view of morning glory - sweet potato (Ipomoea batatas) - This is a tuberous perennial that does not winter in the open ground. Sweet potato received the status of ornamental culture recently, but at the same time it has a long history of cultivation as an agricultural crop. Most sweet potato tubers look and taste like potatoes, for which it is called "sweet potato."
In decorative gardening, yam varieties are popular, valuable for their beautiful large leaves: red, purple, green, as well as two and three-color ones. They are often grown in hanging baskets and tall floor containers. In the winter, the tubers are dug up and stored in a cool, dry room until spring.
Kvamoklit - The Spanish flag (Quamoclit)
Kvamoklit, or Mina pinnate (Quamoclit pinnata) - Another interesting curly grassy vine with red, less often pink or white flowers, up to 2.5 m high. Thanks to its decorative openwork leaves, it is called "cypress liana". It blooms from July-August to September. Three forms of quamoclite are known in culture, but the most decorative form is with red flowers.
Propagated by seeds, which are sown in seedlings in March.
Lobed Quamoclite (Mina lobata, Quamoclit lobata, Ipomea versicolor) - a perennial plant, in the middle lane is grown in an annual culture, is also known as the “Spanish flag” or “star bindweed”. Liana with stems 1.5-3 m long. The flowers are collected in one-sided brushes up to 40 cm long. Kvamoklit lobed light and heat-loving, propagated by seeds that are sown in February - March. Usually used for landscaping balconies and terraces. The most popular is the variety with light orange-yellow flowers.
Another kvamoklit with red flowers is flaming red quamoclite or “beauty star” (Quamoclit coccinea. Ipomoea coccinea) - a plant up to 3 m high. Blossoms from the end of June - in July. Unfortunately, after flowering, in August, it quickly loses its decorative effect.
Thunbergia, or Black-eyed Suzanne (Thunbergia alata)
Another pretty, but so far little-known annual liana - winged tunbergia (Thunbergia alata), thanks to the black eye inside the flower, it is also called the “Black-eyed Susanna”. The flowers themselves can be any shade of yellow, pink and white. However, varieties of tunbergia can be uniformly colored without a peephole. The plant itself grows no more than 2 m long.
Thunbergia comes from the tropics, therefore it does not tolerate frosts, but feels good in room conditions, and therefore most flower growers are better known as an indoor ampel plant, which can be planted in the garden for the summer and brought back to the house in the fall.
In spring, pots with already blooming turgeria are sold in almost all garden centers. However, if there is a desire to grow seedlings on their own, then they sow tungery in late February - early March.
Thunbergia winged, Thunbergia alata, or "Black-eyed Suzanne"
Azarina, or Maurandia (Asarina, Maurandia)
Another beautiful annual creeper, which can be an adornment of any garden. Most often grown climbing azarina (Asarina (Maurandia) scandens). She has wonderful tubular flowers of white, pink or lilac color, stems up to 3 m long. From sowing to the beginning of flowering, it takes from 4 to 5 months.
Azarina is perfect for container gardening and balcony decoration.
Rhodochiton - Purple Bell (Rhodochiton atrosanguineus)
Rhodochiton dark bloody or curly (Rhodochiton atrosanguineus) also a rather unknown plant, which does not beg its merits. He has fragrant tubular flowers of dark red-violet color.
On sale it can be found under the names Purple Bell (Purple Bell Vine) or Purple Rain.
At home, it is a perennial; in the middle zone, it can be grown as an annual plant.
Dolichos - Curly Lilac (Dolichos)
Dolichos vulgaris (Dolichos lablab, or Dolichos soudanensis) popularly known under different names: "hyacinth beans" or "curly lilac". Both of these names accurately describe dolichos - this is a legume from the legume family, blooming with purple, pink or raspberry flowers, leaves and fruits are also decorative.
Like many southern guests, at home it is a perennial, in the middle zone - a summer. However, in our country this liana is quite large, the length of the stems can reach 3-4 m. Dolichos blooms from July to the very frosts.
In the middle lane, sowing is best done in March for seedlings; they are planted in the ground in the second half of May. In the southern regions of Russia, seeds can be planted immediately in the ground. Before sowing, the seeds are kept in warm water until swelling.
Decorative Pumpkins (Cucurbita)
Unlike most decorative vines that are grown for beautiful flowers or leaves, decorative pumpkins are grown for fruits. All pumpkins have classic yellow flowers, but the color and shape of the fruit is very diverse. Pumpkin shoots reach a length of 4 m, grow very quickly. From 20 to 40 small pumpkins can develop on each plant.
Decorative pumpkins are grown with seedlings, which are sown in late April - in May, and planted in the ground in late May - early June. This is a very thermophilic culture and a temperature below +14 degrees depresses its development.
A new plant for us - basella It is not only decorative, but also food. In many countries this is an important component of national dishes; in Russia it is still little known. Leaves are used for food, due to which the plant is called "Malabar nightshade" or "Red grape spinach." In Russia, basella can be found on sale under interesting names: “Overseas Guest”, “Climbing or Creeping Spinach”.
For decorative landscaping, the red shape is interesting white basella (Basella alba r. rubra) with red foliage and and purple stems. During the season, this annual liana can rise to a height of 2 m.
Basella is propagated by sowing seeds for seedlings in April, and planted in open ground at the end of May.
Basella alba r. rubra
Ekremokarpus or oxycarpus (Eccremocarpus)
Another new and promising plant - rough-ekremokarpus or rough oxycarpous (Eccremocarpus scaber). This is a grassy, vigorous annual vine (up to 3 m tall) with small neat yellow, orange or red flowers, collected in racemose inflorescences. The most interesting are the hybrid ovules Tresco Hybrids (Tresco Mixed, Tresco Hybrid) and Anglian hybrids.
Sowing seedlings in January-March. Seeds germinate under glass without being planted in the soil.