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Nimble Hunter - American Cocker Spaniel

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The American Spaniel is one of the tiniest hunting dogs. Initially, this breed was bred so that they hunt birds. What is the description of the American Cocker Spaniel?

The growth of cockers is from 30 to 40 cm. The body of the spaniels is quite strong - a wide chest, muscularity, and a cropped tail. The front legs are straight and strong. The elbows touch the body. And the hind legs with strong joints and muscular.

One of the pride of spaniels is their coat. She is very soft, silky, often wavy. Cocker coloring can be either monophonic or with the presence of spots of different colors.

Note!

The spaniel moves very gracefully and freely. This dog coordinates its movements very well. The ability to sneak up on the hunt for prey and catch it formed the breed's softness and graceful movements.

Differently relate to stopping tails of spaniels. In America, the tail is docked to get a graceful silhouette of a dog and so that such a tail does not interfere with hunting. In Russia, it all depends on the preferences of the owner. But the long tail of the spaniels is quite difficult to care for and you need to be careful, because you can accidentally step on it and hurt your pet.

Spaniel Health

Dogs of this breed often suffer from diseases of the joints and eyes. Cockers often become infected with foodborne infections and suffer from allergies. A food allergy means that the dog will be disturbed by severe itching, which often happens on the ears. It causes frequent diarrhea and strong gas.

The weakest point for this breed is the ears. Due to their length and sagging, otitis media can develop. It is very important to monitor the behavior of the dog if it often began to scratch its ears and shake its head.

In this case, be sure to look for pus behind the ears, which can give off an unpleasant odor. If you notice something like this, you should immediately contact your veterinarian.

Spaniel Life Span

How many American Cocker Spaniels live? On average, the life expectancy of this breed is 12-16 years. Various factors influence this:

  • Quality dog ​​care
  • Power Features
  • Congenital inclinations
  • Timely and proper treatment of various diseases.

Proper care

Let’s talk about the correct content of the American Cocker Spaniel. The main care rules are regular bathing and combing of the dog’s coat. Spaniels love to be fooling around in the water, so bathing a spaniel will be a fairly simple and enjoyable procedure. Do not forget that dogs need to systematically brush their teeth and cut their claws. It is also worth taking care of proper nutrition.

Particular attention should be paid to the owners of the spaniel ears of the pet. So that they do not become inflamed, they must be wiped with wet swabs. It is also very important to regularly trim these dogs, especially their “skirts”.

Spaniel rearing

By nature, the Cocker Spaniel is a hunting dog, so it is distinguished by a sharp mind, excessive activity and arrogance. This is not a pillow with which you can lie comfortably on the couch. Spaniels need an active, healthy lifestyle, master.

Spaniels are very well trained, because they are very attentive and very quickly grasp the team. It is very rare to find moody cockers. Often they will carry out your commands with great curiosity, without even expecting anything tasty for it.

Dogs of this breed adore children and are crazy about playing with them. Spaniels have absolutely no aggression. It can only occur if the dog is improperly trained or treated poorly. The spaniels are generally friendly and funny.

Excessive sociability of the spaniel is both a virtue and a disadvantage of this breed, because anyone you meet can lead it away from the owner.

Breed characteristics

Short description
Origin:USA
Conditions of detention:Suitable for apartment maintenance or living in a house, does not require a large area, the presence of a local area is welcome
Appointment:Hunting Assistant “Peru,” Companion Pet
Color:The standard allows several variations: one-color, 2-color, mixed, more often individuals of fawn, black and dark brown color
Wool Length:On the chest, abdomen, limbs long, medium length on the back, on the muzzle is weakly expressed. Needs a haircut
Adult Dog Size:The growth of females does not exceed 36.8 cm, males - 39.4 cm, the weight of individuals of this breed varies in the range of 15-20 kg.
Average life expectancy:about 15 years
Walk:It takes 3 times daily, preferably long, walks
The need for physical activity:Medium: Daily walks of 1-3 hours per day
Classification of the International Kennel Federation (ICF):Group No. 8 Retrievers, Spaniels and Water Dogs, Section No. 2 Spaniels
Puppy cost:The price of a purebred pet with documents varies from 25,000-50000 rubles, depending on the class of the puppy

The history of the origin of the species

Representatives of this breed are the descendants of English cockers brought to America before the formation of the States. The process of working on a new species began in 1880.

The main goal of the breeders was to obtain a hunting dog with exceptional performance. In addition to the original English breed, they used small hunting spaniels, eventually obtaining animals of a smaller size relative to their ancestors, but distinguished by a more abundant and dense coat.

American cockers were intended for hunting waterfowl, field, and marsh birds. Dogs coped with the task perfectly, and a significant increase in their popularity occurred in 1882, after the participation of individuals in the exhibition, held in the city of Manchester (New Hampshire).

Thanks to the excellent hunting qualities and beautiful exterior, the representatives of the new species were interested in a large number of dog breeders and breeders, both in the United States and far beyond their borders.

The division of cocker spaniels into independent English and American branches occurred in 1935.

And among Russian dog breeders, their popularity grew in the 70s of the 20th century, but as early as 1883 the first breed standard was approved here. Over time, interest in hunting declined, and the need for tailed helpers decreased markedly.

The abundance of many hunting breeds has been significantly reduced, and some even ended up on the brink of extinction. But this did not happen with American cockers - charming dogs successfully retrained as companions and to this day do not lose their popularity.

Distinctive features

The standard clearly spells out what exterior a purebred breed should have:

  • Body - compact, well muscled, almost square,
  • Limbs - straight, but not shortened, covered with dry muscles, with strong, well-developed pads and long claws, the shade of the nail plates depends on the color of the dog, but more often they are black,
  • Back - flat, without sag, wide enough,
  • Head - rounded, with a clear stop and a voluminous frontal part, the decoration is a curly forelock at the top,
  • Bite - correct, according to the type of “scissors”,
  • Muzzle - medium length, nose bridge slightly elevated,
  • Eyes - shallow fit, rounded, without bulge, lower eyelids slightly saggy,
  • Nose - round, with neat, well-opened nostrils, black color of the earlobe,
  • The ears - rounded, long (the tip reaches the nose of the specimen necessarily with skin, not hair), low set, wide in the area of ​​the base, with a long and thick coat,
  • Tail - a thick, saber-shaped, covered with an elongated awn, until recently it was subject to mandatory stopping, which was associated with the hunting work of dogs, today American cockers more often act as a companion, a family dog, and this procedure is not mandatory,
  • Color - there are individuals with different colors and special requirements are made for each type, you can often find cockers with tan marks - with fawn, black, dark brown hair, American cockers with a delicate cream or bluish tone of hair and brown tan are rare,

Expert assessment takes into account the following nuances:

  • Individuals that are completely black and black with a tan should have a tarry coat tone, brown and hepatic variants are not allowed, white marks are considered disqualifying signs (except for small ones in the area of ​​the sternum or throat),
  • In dogs with a plain coat of any color (except black), the color must remain clean. The exception is the presence of lighter shades,
  • Spotted color implies the presence of 2 or more colors that have precise borders. Important - one of the tones is always white, a disqualifying defect - the pitch area is over 90%, tanning is more than 10%,
  • Wool - on the body the coat is hard. On the ears, sternum, abdomen and legs, it is very soft, of great length, with a "wave". Curliness and “cottoniness” are fined, there is a “forelock” on top of the skull.

Cockers move as it should be for girlfriend dogs, without making a discount on the fact that these are the smallest dogs in their group. To do this, their limb structure is properly balanced. Dogs move smoothly, freely, steps are quick, sweeping.

Features of character and behavior

Modern American Cocker Spaniel - a pet, companion, family dog. However, at the same time, it remains a hunting dog with the corresponding habits and character, even if its ancestors did not participate in the work. This can be seen in the puppy during the game - he wears improvised prey, like a real "game", gently holding it by the tip and lifting his head high.

Cocker is a real “detective”, possessing a sensitive sense of smell, he can participate in search activities. Natural skills can be developed to professional, through competent training.

The American Cocker Spaniel is not a pet for the lazy or too busy. He needs to spend excess energy, and it is desirable that this happens outside the home. Such a dog will fit into almost any family: where there are children, even small ones, other pets, elderly relatives. "American" literally falls in love with all household members and becomes the soul of a micro collective.

But, good-naturedness and charming appearance of a dog can do a disservice - often among cockers are found spoiled, capricious, wayward individuals. This is not the nature of the breed, but the weakness of the owner, allowing his four-legged friend a lot of superfluous. In this case, the pet becomes the main one in the house, and it is useless to demand obedience from him.

Advantages

Pets of this breed have a lot of advantages, thanks to which interest in them does not decrease:

  1. Positive attitude towards living together with other animals, even cats, for breeds with hunting purposes this quality is rare,
  2. Cockers are relatively “quiet” favorites - they bark only if they rush after “prey”,
  3. They are infinitely loyal to the owner, loving and affectionate, and, moreover, show these qualities to all members of the family,
  4. Get along well with children, can act as the first pet for a child,
  5. Unobtrusive - if the owner is busy or not configured to interact, the dog will not get confused, wait for a more convenient moment.

Disadvantages

Most of the shortcomings are subjective, but future owners should know who they will have to deal with and what nuances to pay special attention to:

  • Excessive energy - almost all the waking hours of the cockers are in motion, and the owner will have to spend a lot of time with his pet on the site,
  • Intolerance of loneliness - the dog is very worried, left alone, he can bite furniture and things because of longing,
  • Hunter’s instinct - which is good for work, on a walk can turn into a tragedy, the animal rushes after the “game” and ceases to obey the owner’s commands,
  • It is so tied that it chooses a bed for the host, and in addition, it is prone to colds and thus escapes from drafts,
  • Cockers - gluttons, it is necessary to pay special attention to the regime and diet of the pet,
  • The royal coat needs constant and thorough care.

Care and maintenance

Keeping these dogs is an extremely time-consuming process, requiring a lot of effort and time. The following standard operations are required:

  • Inspection cleaning the auricles - This is an excellent prevention of infectious diseases,
  • Eye Examination and Eye Wash cotton pad moistened with boiled water,
  • Teeth cleaning - they are treated 1-2 times a week, using a special brush and paste,
  • Claw cutting - cut off as it grows with a special claw cutter.

But these are only basic measures, the owner will have to take care of the proper nutrition of the pet, health, take care of the coat.

Nutrition

Already from puppyhood it is necessary to accustom the pet to the regimen. The number of meals is associated with the age of a four-legged friend:

  • up to 8 weeks - 6 times a day
  • up to 16 weeks - 4 times a day
  • up to six months - 3 times a day,
  • from 7 months - A doggie can be transferred to an adult, 2-time mode.

There should not be any snacks between meals - the exception is to encourage the pet during training.

The American cocker is not particularly picky, and at any time of the day or night he is glad to steal a tidbit from the master's table. But experts do not recommend, not only feed your pet with such food, but even treat. This will negatively affect the dog’s health and make him a “beggar”.

The owners have two options - to give the pet dry industrial feed or to make a balanced diet of natural products.

In the first case, the feed should be of high quality - premium or super-premium class, suitable for small and decorative breeds. During the molting seasons, on the recommendation of a veterinarian, cockers are given special vitamin supplements for wool.

When compiling a natural diet, you must be guided by the following rules:

  • During physical exertion in the pet’s menu you can include low-fat meat products, fish, cottage cheese.
  • The basis of the diet is meat. The product is given fresh, boiled or scalded, previously cut into small pieces.
  • The dog should eat vegetables, fish, dairy products, cereals. An excellent treat for cockers are pieces of fruit.
  • The representative of this breed, despite all the activity, is prone to obesity, so the number of servings must be clearly dosed and given food according to the schedule.
  • It is advisable to weigh the pet once every 2-3 months, such a control will allow you to identify excess weight at an early stage.

Vaccinations

Inoculate puppies before the change of teeth begins. First, the baby is given a vaccine against plague, enteritis, the use of monograft is allowed. But the use of complex vaccines allows you to minimize the risks of infection, as in one ampoule can contain drugs from plague, hepatitis, adenovirus and other dangerous infections.

A rabies vaccine should be given separately, usually it is planned by 9-11 months of age. Between vaccination and revaccination should be an interval of not more than 21 days

Diseases

American cockers can be called a healthy breed, they rarely get sick and are funny, positive dogs.However, like other thoroughbred representatives, cockers have a number of hereditary diseases that can be transmitted along 2 genetic lines and appear when illiterate individuals are selected for mating.

Experienced breeders know these diseases and they exclude crossbreeding of dogs from lines where dangerous genes are traced:

  • Keratoconjunctivitis,
  • Retinal Dysplasia
  • Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome,
  • Inversion of the century
  • Musculoskeletal disorders: rupture and displacement of the discs between the vertebrae.

In addition, representatives of this species are often diagnosed with melanoma - a malignant lesion that affects the skin.

Walking

Like all spaniels, representatives of this breed need daily, 1-2 hour walks. Moreover, the pet should not be bred 2 times a day, like most pets, but 3-4 times. If the weather is frosty or rainy, walking time can be reduced to half an hour.

The American cocker is a real "zinger", he needs to get daily moderate physical activity: he needs to run, jump, play. The use of a harness is not recommended, cockers require a collar and a leash.

Cockers are born hunters and often run away when they see potential prey, so you can let the dog off the leash only in safe areas or in a fenced area.

Hair care

Dogs of this breed are quite demanding care, special attention should be paid to their long, thick coat.

Future owners of cockers should be aware that the formation of hair occurs in these dogs. only 2.5 years old. Only by this age the hair becomes as long and voluminous as possible.

The set of procedures includes the following:

  • Daily combing. A pet should be accustomed to this manipulation from a very young age,
  • Washing using special shampoos and rinses, do this quite often 2-4 times a year, the pet is dried with a hairdryer, paying particular attention to the paws, ears and sternum,
  • In summer, it is recommended to powder wool with baby powder - it absorbs excess moisture and prevents its churning,
  • Hygienic haircut - as it grows, the hair between the pads is cut,
  • Model haircut. This procedure is carried out from puppyhood, the coat on the limbs, ears and chest is subject to alignment. On the body, the hair is shortened, it is usually not touched.

Caring for a little spaniel takes time, tools, money, and finance. And if the future owner is not ready for such expenses, it is worth choosing a more unpretentious pet.

Knitting

The specimens ripen by the age of one and a half year old, but it is recommended to knit bitches only during the 3rd estrus, since before that the dog’s body was not strong enough and developed to fully bear the offspring.

Vacancies in females occur 2 times a year, with an interval of 6 months. Fertilization is possible only during ovulation, which occurs on the 8th day after the onset of estrus. At this time, certain symptoms occur:

  • The female becomes playful
  • The discharge from the loop is red, plentiful,
  • If you touch the base of the tail, the bitch begins to lift the back and tail.

The peculiarity of cocker mating is that this process requires the control of experienced breeders or dog handlers. Often among the representatives of the breed, there are too active individuals that are capable of injuring the partner during mating. It is recommended that an additional, safety net.

Fertility of females is not related to the maternity of the male, the quality of its seminal fluid and the number of mating and depends on heredity.

Highlights in Training

Cockers are playful, positive dogs that are positive about training. But only if the owner chooses the right approach:

  • It is advisable to use a game form,
  • Physical or emotional abuse must not be allowed.
  • The owner will need a lot of patience and perseverance - spaniels are smart and can use their intellectual abilities to move away from classes,
  • You must not succumb to provocations - any command must be executed, even if for this you have to repeat it 10 times,
  • Intensive classes are held only when the pet is 6 months old.

The American Cocker Spaniel is a charming doggie, small and mobile, it captivates with its pretty appearance. But, this does not mean that he does not need training - an ill-bred baby can cause serious problems.

How to choose a puppy

If after weighing all the pros and cons, the family decided that the puppy of the American Cocker Spaniel will become its new member, you can begin to choose the seller and the pet itself. Of course, before buying it is important to decide for what purpose the dog is required:

  1. If the owner intends to participate in exhibitions with the dog in the future, then it is worth contacting the breeders with an excellent reputation or in nurseries offering show class individuals,
  2. The puppy of the brid class has a pedigree and is allowed for breeding,
  3. The individuals of the pet class are dogs exclusively for the soul. Thoroughbred, with documents, but having minor flaws, therefore they are not used for breeding and the path to the exhibitions is closed to them.

From breeders who are serious about their work, you can buy a healthy American Cocker Spaniel puppy that does not have hereditary pathologies, regardless of which class it belongs to. Buying a baby without documents, from random sellers is fraught with risks, he may be sick or mestizo.

The American Cocker Spaniel is a bunch of energy, incredibly cute, affectionate and loyal doggie, which surprises with its quick wit and limitless devotion.

But, future owners should know that this is a difficult breed that needs special care and if you take good care of the pet, it will look beautiful and delight in good behavior.

History of breed origin

The first mention of spaniels of this breed is found in a beautiful legend. It says that in 1629 the first immigrants landed off the coast of America. Four-legged pets sailed with them - smart and dexterous cocker spaniels who hunted birds together with people.

Later, in 19881, the first breed club opened in the United States. Since 1921, spaniels began to perform at various exhibitions and shows.

As a separate breed, the American Cocker Spaniel has been singled out since 1947. From that moment on, sports dogs became popular among dog breeders. In the pursuit of profit, breeders crossed breeds; as a result, there was no trace of the original purebred breed. The shape of the head has changed: the length of the skull has become twice as long as the muzzle, the transition from the forehead to the muzzle has become more visible, large eyes have become expressive.

The coat has changed. She became longer and lush. Hanging from the body of a dog, it resembles a princess dress. On the chest, abdomen and legs there are chic thick curls. A thick undercoat also appeared.

Description of the breed with a photo

Dogs American Cocker Spaniels are considered the smallest hunters. The glamorous look of the dog, caused by satin wool, slightly muffles the hunting instincts.

The American Cocker Spaniel breed standard highlights the following main features:

  1. Cocker Spaniels have a rounded skull. The superciliary arches are pronounced, as well as the infraorbital part
  2. The wide muzzle turns into flat cheekbones. The standard of the standard is the square shape of the muzzle with a pronounced vertical edge.
  3. Long ears look like lobes. Top covered with long hair. The earloop has a thin but dense structure.
  4. A nose with well-opened nostrils allows the dog to catch even faint odors. The color of the nose depends on the color of the spaniel's eyelids. Most often it is black or dark brown.
  5. The American Cocker Spaniel has square jaws. The teeth are strong, medium size.
  6. Scissor bite.
  7. The eyes are almond-shaped, normally set, have no bulge. The color of the iris is dark with a rich shade of dark brown.
  8. The long neck has a graceful curve, tapers to the head. It bends easily, which allows the cocker to tilt his head low, touching his nose with the ground.
  9. The body is compact, with a strong sloping back. The chest is wide, deep.
  10. The fore and hind limbs are muscular and have good mobility. Strong shoulder blades laid back. This allows the animal to move freely and quickly. Massive hips with strong knees provide the dog a strong push during running. The paws are large, but at the same time compact. Pads are elastic.
  11. The tail is docked. Located at back level or slightly raised. Cannot be upright or tighten.

In the photo you can take a closer look at the breed description.

Another species of breed - american water spaniel. He has a short, curly coat, which may have a brown or chocolate color. The muscles are well developed. The length of the paws is equal to the growth of the dog. Water - a friendly dog, with a pronounced mind, strength and stamina.

American Cocker Spaniel Black presented in the photo.

Color and type of coat

Soft coat has a silky texture. The cover is straight or slightly wavy. The undercoat is dense. The body is covered with long, stable hair, on the head it is slightly shorter.

Cocker spaniels can have several shades of hair:

  • black with black tan,
  • mixed - combines several colors. There may be several color combinations: white, white with black,

The standard implies mono colors:

  • fawn with a light shade. Fawn color should be no more than 10% of the main color.
  • any plain color: brown, red.

In this case, you should know that tan marks are in strictly defined places. These are areas on the eyes, cheekbones, ears on the inside, legs, chest and under the tail.

Unlike the English Cocker Spaniel

Inexperienced dog breeders believe that the English and American Cocker Spaniels are one breed. In fact, these are two different species of the breed that differ from each other. The difference is:

  1. A cut of the eye. In the American, he is much more.
  2. At the same muzzle is shorter.
  3. The American has a thick and long coat that covers his stomach, chest and ears. The English breed can not boast of such a magnificent hair.
  4. But the most important difference is the growth of animals. The American Cocker was bred for bird hunting, and therefore much smaller than the English Spaniel.

Knowing these differences, it is easy to understand that, despite the similar names, the difference between the two breeds is clearly visible.

Health and Disease

Dogs American Cocker Spaniels are strong dogs that live long enough. But at the same time, some diseases are inherent in them, the symptoms of which every owner should know. This will allow you to timely notice the presence of a problem and begin treatment.

The American Cocker Spaniel characteristic speaks of the following tendencies:

  1. Eye diseases: dystrophy and ulcerative lesions of the cornea, cataract and glaucoma. In most cases, older dogs are affected by this problem. But they can also appear in young people, since the diseases are hereditary.
    Large breeders conduct tests for the presence of hereditary ophthalmic diseases before selling puppies. Therefore, be sure to ask the relevant documents from the seller. This will protect yourself from buying an animal prone to eye diseases.
  2. Cocker spaniels are prone to allergic reactions, especially food.
  3. Otitis is not uncommon in animals.
  4. Urolithiasis occurs.
  5. Due to the thick coat, skin problems are quite common in dogs. In particular, they are prone to manifestations of seborrhea.

Each of these diseases can manifest itself in an animal at any age. Therefore, the owner should not only observe the state of his pet, but also, first of all, properly care for him: regularly clean his ears and eyes, bathe the dog, and provide balanced nutrition.

Life span

American Cocker Spaniels are centenarians. Life expectancy 14-16 years old. With proper care, they can live 1-2 years longer.

Long-livers can only be animals that do not have genetic diseases.

Character and intelligence

Breeders select American spaniels not only in appearance, but also in character. The main features are kindness, friendliness, playfulness. Excessive anger and lack of balance are considered defects in the breed. Therefore, individuals with such traits are not taken for breeding.

American Cocker Spaniels are great companions. They well feel the mood of the owner and adapt to it. The pet will not be imposed if it sees that the owner is out of sorts. If he is sad, they will always find a way to cheer up and cheer up the owner.

If we talk about the daily behavior of the dog, then this is a friendly animal, tied to household members. If necessary, she can sit still, but mostly prefers to spend time in active games.

Initially, the breed was bred as a hunting one, but now it is used mainly as a family companion. This is facilitated by loyalty, playfulness, lack of aggression. These traits are found in dogs at the genetic level.

American cockers are obedient. Easily make contact and listen to any host commands. However, they do not lose self-esteem. They behave gracefully and exquisitely. The American knows about his beauty and skillfully uses this quality. He quickly captivates the owner when he wants to achieve a tidbit. But households must be able to withstand the charms of a pet in a food situation. Otherwise, obesity doggie guaranteed.

It is worth curbing and aggressive puppy games, which are expressed in nibbling heels, grabbing hands and clothes. At a young age, this seems funny, but the older the pet becomes, the more noticeable the bites. But getting rid of such a habit will already be extremely difficult.

Therefore, remember that the American Cocker Spaniel is cute, kind, but first of all real, not plush.

It is necessary to take care of raising a pet from the first days of its appearance in the family. This is the only way to avoid misunderstanding between the owner and the pet in the future.

Attitude towards children and others

American Cocker is a friendly, open doggie with a playful character. Every minute he is ready to spend with his master's family. Doggie is suitable for single people and for couples with children. Spaniel will become a true friend for the baby, support him in any games and pranks. Thanks to the extremely kind nature and the complete absence of aggression, you can leave children alone with a pet without fear.

Spaniels love not only to play, but also to fulfill the owner’s commands. They are easy to train, active during the process. Interaction with the owner is a real pleasure.

Cocker Spaniels are friendly not only to people, but also to other animals. They are ready to play with pets, even cats. Often a close friendship arises between them.

Cocker loves the company of people. He needs constant communication and play. Therefore, you can’t leave the pet alone for a long time. Due to frequent loneliness, he will acquire negative traits and habits. This will manifest itself in frequent and loud barking and howling, the pet will begin to spoil things and furniture. Therefore, an ideal option for a dog is a large family in which someone is necessarily present at home. The owner of the cocker should have enough time to play and train the pet.

Training and education

Before you start training, your pet must be taught to respond to a nickname.You should start with the basic commands “Sit!”, “Place!”, “Fu!” And others.

During the training process, you should not be particularly stiff. Classes should be built on the game. Only in this case can a result be achieved. An active by nature dog will quickly lose interest in dreary exercises and will want to run.

Spaniel needs constant promotion, so stock up on goodies and give them to your pet after the command. It is worth remembering that cockers are allergic, so do not treat the puppy with cookies or sausage, which you eat yourself.

Until the dog has mastered the commands, training should be on a leash. For small representatives of the breed, a harness is used. It minimizes the impact on the wool, prevents its abrasion.

American spaniels are taught the basic course of training, the guard is not used. To accustom an animal to hunting, it is necessary to take it to the forest, but together with dogs who have experience in this business.

Pros and cons of the breed

A lot has been said about the breed's pluses. This is a friendly character, responsiveness, complaisance, compact size, grace and elegance.

But there are cockers and cons. First of all, it is a difficulty in care and a tendency to some serious diseases. But all this can be prevented if you follow the pet, carry out all hygiene procedures on time.

Maintenance, care and nutrition

Spaniels of the American breed are quite whimsical individuals. Long hair requires careful and regular care. For dog comfort, you should know how to care for a dwarf spaniel:

  1. Wool should be combed daily, but carefully. During the day, a large amount of garbage is clogged in it: leaves, twigs, grass. This is especially true for the ears. The sensitivity of this organ requires accuracy during the procedure. Accustom to combing should be from puppyhood. Otherwise, in the future, the dog will resist, which can lead to injury to the pet.
  2. For bathing your pet, purchase special shampoos and rinses for dogs with long hair. It is worth paying attention to the color of the coat for which the shampoo is intended. For example, for dogs with a dark color, it is necessary to select appropriate products containing coloring pigments. They do not allow wool to acquire a lighter shade.
    The spaniel must be washed once every two weeks. More frequent bathing will lead to overdrying of the skin of the animal. Particular attention when washing should be given to the paws and inguinal region. In these places, wool often rolls.
  3. After washing, the coat is covered with oil or a mask. It gives shine, relieves static stress.
  4. Wool must be thoroughly dried after washing. To do this, use a hairdryer. Leaving a pet wet, hoping that it dries itself, is not worth it. Excess moisture will lead to the development of bacteria and related skin lesions.
    A short haircut will help make hair care easier. On the one hand, she will emphasize the graceful posture of the dog, on the other, such a hairstyle requires a more frequent visit to the hairdresser. You will have to go to the salon at least 1 time in 1.5 months.
  5. In the summer or before show shows, wool is sprinkled with talcum powder for baby hygiene. It absorbs excess moisture, and the wool does not stray into a lump.
  6. It is necessary to cut nails every two weeks. In the summer, they are washed off on the asphalt during walks and training, so the procedure can be carried out as necessary.
  7. Spaniels between the fingertips have a coat that needs to be cut periodically. It is a favorable environment for the development of bacteria.
  8. Boric acid is used to treat the auricles. The procedure is carried out weekly.
  9. Once every two days, you need to wipe your eyes from dust and dirt. To do this, use warm water or a decoction of chamomile.
  10. From an early age, the dog needs a regular haircut. On the paws, ears and chest, the coat is trimmed as it grows. On the back, it is shorter, and therefore simple combing is enough.

Equally important than caring for the dog is equipping the pet's habitat. It should be away from drafts. Bowls for the American Spaniel must be tapered. This will help protect the pet’s long ears.

The history of the emergence of the American Cocker Spaniel

The name of the breed refers to the United States, but America is not the true birthplace of the dog. The spaniel is considered the ancestor of the cocker spaniel, it was from this country famous for the hunting traditions that the dog came to England. With English experience in breeding new breeds, it was not difficult to create cockers, which local breeders did. According to another version, dogs were brought to Europe from Asia Minor; their ancestors were bred at all in North Africa.

By the end of the 19th century, the Englishman became an American: dogs were brought to the New World. Here, the breeders had different preferences, requirements, so the American dog, after 50 years, found serious differences from its parents. The difference was so great that the breed began to be considered new. But the spaniel does not differ from close relatives in its love of hunting for hares, birds - the instinct of the getter in his blood. Previously, dogs took part in hunting with a net, falcons, now they have become more of a friendly animal.

The size of the tail of a dog that lives in our time is small, which also has its own history. Initially, the length of the tail was impressive, and when hunting the animals beat it in the blood. Then the most ingenious breeders decided to stop the dog’s tail, leaving 4 vertebrae. This helped to seriously improve the exterior of the breed - the appearance of the dog became more attractive. However, in some countries such an operation is prohibited, and not every owner will decide on it.

Dog Breed Features

Description of the breed in appearance: it is a small, compact, but strong dog with a long neck, a beautiful head, and well-developed muscles. If you compare with the English version, the differences are significant: the muzzle is shorter than the length of the skull, the forehead is high, the eyes are bright, large, very expressive. The hair of the animal is long, lush, thicker, it must be cut regularly. Outwardly, the hair of dogs and bitches resembles a falling dress, and the chest, hanging ears, paws of dogs have elegant curls.

  • attachment to the family, children - high,
  • security qualities - low,
  • the rate of hair loss is medium,
  • playfulness is above average,
  • the tendency to train is high.

Specialists call the dog hyperactive. Indeed, regardless of gender, she likes to play for a long time, play actively, especially with the ball, and also just run. It is necessary to keep the dog in the apartment, it is prone to lung diseases, although it tolerates frosts well.

Main characteristics

When buying a thoroughbred dog, they always pay attention to its compliance with the specified standards and characteristics. The main ones are:

  • the body is square in shape, firmly built,
  • paws - straight, of sufficient length, with developed pads, claws, black, covered with long hair,
  • the back is wide, straight, does not bend,
  • chest - expanded, lowered, this gives lightness when moving,
  • the head is rounded with a high forehead and a clear, clear transition to the muzzle (at an angle of 90 degrees),
  • eyes are round, sit deep, non-convex, lower eyelid sags slightly, eye color is dark,
  • bite - normal (scissor-like), jaw overlapping lips,
  • the nose is massive, but does not stand out much,
  • the ears are rounded, hanging, covered with long hair, extended to the base, the tip of the skin reaches the nose,
  • the tail is thick, saber-shaped, pubescent (in hunting dogs the tail is often docked)
  • weight - 15-20 kg (for an adult animal), a puppy weighs 1.5 kg at 1 month, 6 kg at 3 months, about 12 kg a year,
  • the coat is soft, silk, has curls, a weakly expressed forelock on the head,
  • height - up to 40 cm at the withers for male dogs, up to 37 cm for girls.

The life expectancy of a dog of this breed reaches an average of 15 years

American Cocker Spaniel

From a photograph or video, you can clearly see the dogs of the American Cocker Spaniel. Their colors according to the standard are not the same. Most often there are dogs with a tan, or tan, with brown, red, chocolate, fawn being the dominant tones. Black and white or white spots can be found on the throat, chest, in other places they are unacceptable. Dogs of original colors are also occasionally sold - for example, light cream with brown tan, and tan and tan.

The character and temperament of the dog

According to the owners, the spaniel is a very friendly dog, quickly becomes attached to the owner. He loves to live with children, have fun with them, especially in outdoor games, although he himself sometimes can’t think of an activity. The animal cannot stand loneliness, he always needs company. Hyper-mobility of a dog sometimes causes problems when hunting, at home - it can start to rush randomly, damage property. The same thing often happens if you leave the dog unattended at home.

If you do not teach a dog the right tactics of hunting, it often begins to simply chase a bird, other game. Screams, host commands are often ignored. A hunting dog needs running and jumping regularly; it cannot exist without frequent walks, physical activity. Therefore, when buying a cocker spaniel, you need to be prepared for walks twice a day, lowering your leash, going hunting. Other pros, cons and features of the breed:

  • in summer, the dog should be allowed to swim in the ponds, you can also combine swimming with hunting exercises to find waterfowl,
  • it’s not necessary to isolate the spaniel from other pets, the dog is even friendly to cats, sleeps with them,
  • a guard from an American is bad, he barks rarely, mainly when driving a game, but may not respond to strangers,
  • the dog bites in exceptional cases, even with strong dissatisfaction only growls.

Criteria for choosing a cocker spaniel puppy

It is worth buying puppies at the optimum age for this - 6-10 weeks. Children younger than this period are poorly weaned from their mother, at an older age spaniels are less socialized, accustomed to hunting. Do not be afraid that the “hairstyle” of the puppy is not too long, silky, as in adult dogs it will look like from 2 years old.

When buying, you need to pay attention to the following:

  1. Friendliness. At an early age, dogs must be playful, kind. You can lay the puppy on your back, squeeze the tummy a little with your palm. If he starts playing without aggression, he will become a good friend of the family.
  2. Health. Indicators are activity, the absence of fleas behind the ears, shiny hair without bald spots.
  3. Floor. If a dog is taken for hunting, it is better to buy a male dog, as well as for participation in exhibitions. As a pet, a girl is more suitable, although there may be inconvenience with estrus.
  4. Vaccinations. The breeder should be asked a certificate where all vaccinations made to the animal will be marked. At an early age, a dog is vaccinated against enteritis, plague. Immunization against adenovirus, leptospirosis, and hepatitis is also required. Closer to 1 year old they are vaccinated against rabies.

Adult cocker spaniel dogs are not recommended for buying: they are poorly adapted, unlike puppies. The price of puppies with documents is 5-30 thousand rubles, depending on the merits of the parents.

Caring for teeth, claws, ears

Keeping the animal includes compulsory clipping - this is done every 2 weeks, in the summer - a little less. Between the pads of the fingers, the hair is completely sheared so that dirt does not collect there. The ears are wiped with boric acid or hydrogen peroxide once a week, their hair is often sheared.

Teeth are cleaned with a special dog toothpaste, periodically they take the animal to the veterinarian to remove the stone. The eyes are wiped with a cotton swab dipped in water, a chamomile broth, the procedures are carried out every 2-3 days. The dog should live in a separate place in the house, and it is always located away from drafts.

Feeding advice

Paying attention to dog nutrition is also important. Cocker spaniels often have indigestion, and they are also prone to gaining excess weight, which will become an obstacle to effective hunting. For these dogs, it is important to buy hypoallergenic food of proven brands. In addition to dry food, it is desirable to introduce into the diet and ordinary foods:

  • meat without plenty of fat,
  • dairy food
  • eggs (no more than one per day),
  • boneless boiled fish,
  • boiled cereals.

If dry food is not given at all, it is important to give vitamin premixes in parallel with the feeding.

Breed diseases

After cessation of mother's milk feeding, puppies immediately become vulnerable to a number of diseases. Especially often, American cocker spaniels are ill with improper care, the absence of preventive visits to the veterinarian. Also, inattention to the health of the pet can lead to the progression or chronicity of diseases.

Most often, such a breed has eye diseases. This is retinal atrophy, glaucoma, cataract. If redness, inflammation of the eyes or signs of blurred vision are detected, the dog should be taken to a doctor immediately! Eye diseases sometimes cause a decrease in the hunting ability of an animal.

Also, spaniels during hypothermia can get bronchitis, pneumonia, especially when lying on a cold floor, under a draft. On the street in frost, the animal must be displayed in clothes (overalls). Ears are regularly cleaned, otherwise otitis media can develop from dirt. Also, the animal may suffer from such problems:

  • food allergy - to prevent it, you need to carefully choose food,
  • thyroid diseases (hypothyroidism) that cause epilepsy and obesity,
  • seborrhea - appears as a reaction to the use of shampoos or infection with a fungus.

Whether or not to castrate an animal, whether to mate, depends on the person’s plans. Usually, when buying for hunting purposes, the dog is castrated or sterilized, which does not affect its inherent instinct of the catcher.

Breed history

The homeland of the American Cocker Spaniel is the United States. It was in this country that a modern image of the breed representatives was created. But before falling into the hands of American breeders, the distant ancestors of the Cocker Spaniels have come a long way in different countries of the globe.

Similar dogs inhabited the Balkan Peninsula and northern Africa. Together with sailors, they ended up in Spain. The inhabitants of the peninsula were glad to see the dogs with the Carthaginians. The fact is that the Spaniards liked to hunt small animals, and it is not surprising, because there were so many rabbits that the peninsula was called the "country of rabbits."

The ancestors of the American Cocker Spaniels so skillfully tracked down and chased hare-like ones that the Spaniards could not get enough of new pets. They immediately started breeding them, calling them spaniels.

The responsibilities of the spaniel included hunting not only rabbits. He helped the owner during the hunt with the net, during the falconry. Small animals and birds were the game that the dog obtained, one might say, without much difficulty, working in tandem with a hunter.

Spaniels soon became popular not only in Spain. The British also appreciated their hunting abilities. In just a few centuries, English breeders bred about 20 varieties of these dogs, crossing different spaniels. But over time, most of them disappeared.

In the mid-nineteenth century, a pair of spaniels from an English kennel was sent to America. These dogs became parents of puppies with large, unusual spaniels and eyes.

While the British would have declared such a litter to be inadequate, the Americans really liked the big-eyed spaniels. It was decided to create a new breed of "American Cocker Spaniel."American breeders tried to pacify the hunting instinct in the new offspring, their goal was to create companion dogs, pets.

The work was a success. In the family of spaniels appeared "Americans" and "English". There were so many differences between them that in 1935 mating between the two varieties was forbidden. After several decades, the American species was recognized as an independent breed.

Breed standard

The American Cocker Spaniel, despite the fact that it is no longer used as a hunting dog and, despite its small size, has developed musculature. This is a hardy dog ​​with a strong skeleton, compact physique.

Adult growth around 36-39 cm. The weight of the American Cocker Spaniel by the standard does not have strict requirements. Approximately formed representatives of the breed weigh 12-13 kg.

On a long neck with a slight scruff, a medium-sized head with a rounded skull is held. A flat skull is considered a serious flaw. Ears are long, lobate. They are considered decoration and a distinctive feature of the spaniel, as it is abundantly covered with beautiful decorating hair.

The superciliary arches are expressed. The eyes are almond-shaped, dark, not convex. The look is soft, even touching, but at the same time lively and smart. Unacceptable aggressiveness, anger in the look of a cocker spaniel.

The transition from the forehead to the muzzle is sharp. The muzzle is deep, wide, square format with a blunt edge. Cheekbones are flat. The nose is quite large, the color depends on the color of the coat.

Jaws are even, square in shape. Teeth are medium sized, strong. Scissor bite. A serious drawback is non-closure.

The back is strong. The top line is flat, without depressions and without sagging. The chest is deep. Ribs are rounded.

The limbs are straight, parallel. The muscles are well developed, the backbone is strong. The paws are quite large, round in shape. Paw pads are solid. Profitable fingers must be removed.

The tail docked. The spaniel holds him at the level of the back line. In some countries, there is a ban on stopping tails for dogs.

Coat of medium length, outer hair straight, slightly wavy. When stroking the spaniel, silkiness is felt at hand. There is an undercoat that protects the dog from the cold.

The hair on the head is short. The legs, abdomen, chest and ears are covered with embellishing hair. Too curly, developed coat is unacceptable by the standard.

Color can be multi-color and monophonic. Primary colors: black, brown, fawn. White marks and tan are allowed.

Maintenance and care

The American Cocker Spaniel feels quite comfortable with apartment maintenance. But at the same time, the owner should not forget that his pet has a hunting instinct and does not like to sit up indoors.

You need to walk the spaniel daily. Slow walks will not be enough, he needs running, energetic games. Most of all, such a pet loves imitation of hunting. Spaniel needs physical activity, otherwise a bored dog will come up with entertainments for himself, for example, such as damage to furniture and other interior items.

In the house, the dog should have its own place, which is located away from heating appliances. Buy him toys and everything you need to care for your dog. Also, from the first days of the puppy's stay in the house, provide him with bowls for water and food, a collar, a leash.

Caring for an American Cocker Spaniel is not very difficult. Particular efforts require a long coat of hair that adorns hair and long ears. All the necessary procedures for the beauty and health of the dog are outlined below:

  • We comb our hair every day, otherwise the hair will become tangled and lose its beauty. It is recommended to comb out after a walk, since the active spaniel usually brings burdocks, small twigs and other garbage to the house.
  • Many owners shear their spaniels. A short haircut does not spoil the appearance of the dog at all, on the contrary, emphasizes the natural beauty. To do this, it is not recommended to use an electric machine. The ideal option is to take the pet to the hairdresser every 2 months.
  • We bathe once in 20-25 days or in cases of severe pollution. After each walk, wash my paws, then wipe them dry. If the feet are wet for a long time, a fungus may form in them.
  • Cut the nails as they grow.
  • We regularly brush our teeth with a special paste or give the dog a gnaw on hard fruits, bones.
  • Careful care for the long ears of the Cocker Spaniel is required. So that they do not get wet in a bowl with food during feeding, it is better to tie them up. Otherwise, due to constant moisture and pollution in the ears, as well as in the paws, a fungal disease can form. It is also important to remove ear discharge and examine for inflammation or injury.
  • We clean our eyes using moist cotton pads.

It is recommended to feed the American Cocker Spaniel in a mixed way, alternating natural products with dry feed. Adults should eat 2 times a day, puppies 3-6 times, depending on age. Make sure that there is fresh water in the bowl around the clock.

Spaniels are prone to obesity. Therefore, you need to carefully monitor the diet, calorie content of foods and daily rates.

Interesting Facts

  • The decision to stop the tails of the spaniels arose due to the fact that during the hunt the dogs constantly wagged their long tails, knocking them on the branches to the blood.
  • Representatives of the breed are able to develop great speed.
  • Cocker Spaniels love to ride a car. The desire to ride is so great that the dog is able to jump even into someone else's car.
  • Thanks to their exceptional scent, cockers are used as custom dogs that skillfully detect drugs.
  • In some countries, cockers are called bird hounds.
  • The Cocker Spaniel, looking for prey, rises to its hind legs and stands like a chick. Noticing the goal, the dog jumps high and rushes in pursuit.
  • The word "spaniel" comes from "spain spain," which means "high jumps."

Breed card

  • Famous breed names: cocker, american cocker
  • FCI Breed Number: 167
  • The standard on the FCI website:link
  • Growth at the withers: males - up to 39.5 cm, females - up to 37 cm
  • Adult Dog Weight: males - up to 16 kg, females - up to 13 kg
  • Color options: black and tan black, fawn red, spotted, chocolate and tan chocolate.
  • Life span: up to 13 - 16 years old
  • Puppy cost: from 150 to 500 dollars
  • The size: 3 out of 5
  • Learning ability: 4 out of 5
  • Attitude towards children: 5 out of 5
  • Shedding intensity: 2 out of 5
  • Protective and watchdog qualities: 3 out of 5

Breed size, weight and height

The American selection tried to change the hunting breed, giving it all the characteristics of a fashionable dandy. This arrogantly raised nose on a touching flattened muzzle and a massive round head with chic fan ears.

Since the dog was intended for living conditions in an apartment or in a private house, it is the smallest of all spaniels, but the most stocky.

The tail must be stopped on the fourth joint, no more. It should be placed exactly at the level of the back line.

With a height at the withers of 37 cm, the weight can reach 15 kilograms. But these are not fatty layers, but well-developed, prominent muscles.

The neck is flat, of moderate length, without suspension.

Possible colors

Elegant, bright saturated coloring and thick spectacular wool are a distinctive feature of American cockers. Almost all combinations of black, white, bright red and brown are allowed.

According to international standards, shades in black are not allowed. The red color implies the presence of a clearly defined white tie. With spotty color, the color that dominates should not exceed 90%.

There are certain requirements for tanning and stains. The tan should not exceed ten percent of the primary color. Allowed tanning on the eyebrows, on the cheekbones, symmetrically on the paws. With a monochromatic color, a clearly defined white tie on the chest is allowed in red stains.

Monthly puppy weight

At birth, the weight of the puppies, depending on how many puppies are in the litter, is from 250 to 350 grams (an average of 200 - 300 grams). With good content and proper diet, puppies gain weight evenly with an increase of 50 grams per day (from two months to three), then the weight is not so intensively gained.

  • 1 month - 1.5 kg.
  • 2 months - 3 - 3.5 kg.
  • 3 months - 5 - 6 kg.
  • 4 months - 6.75 - 8 kg.
  • 5 months - 8 - 10 kg.
  • 6 months - 9.25 - 11.25 kg.
  • 7 months - 9.75 - 11.75 kg.
  • 8 months - 10.75 - 12.75 kg.
  • 9 months - 11.5 - 13.5 kg.
  • 10 months - 12.5 - 14.5 kg.
  • 11 months - 13.5 - 15.5 kg.
  • One-year-old cockers gain 13 - 16 kg.

Bitches should weigh less than a male.

All spaniels are big gourmets and tend to quickly gain excess weight. It is important to constantly maintain the correct diet, especially in the first months of life you do not need to pamper the puppy with a sweet one, which he loves so much.

A brief history of the breed

In the 19th century, the breed was brought to North America (USA) from England. But the breeders first brought in a foggy Albion standard English springer. As a result of selection, puppies once appeared with huge round eyes and upturned nose.

In England, such a defect would be immediately discarded, but American breeders really liked this “highlight” in appearance and they, having emphasized the decorative features of the breed, began to deliberately display such unusual spectacular dogs.

So there was a bright and always admirable American cocker, which in 1945 was recognized by the standards as an independent breed with its own characteristics.

If earlier, for hunting, the dog’s tail was docked so as not to interfere with wading through dense thickets, now in Europe and America dogs are allowed to show without stopping. This is not to say that this adds to the exterior of beauty. Docked tail looks spectacular.

Cocker Spaniel Character

Honestly, the character of the American Cocker Spaniel is not sugar, it should be so, because it is the standard of beauty and sophistication. And little whims are forgiven to beauties. But this fact must be paid attention to.

With age, whims can develop into outright arrogance and dominance over all family members. The dog immediately needs to show a rigid behavioral framework and in no case do not indulge, allowing to lie on the couch or giving way to his whims.

The rest is a loyal, cheerful and devoted friend, and ally who worships his master. The dog is tireless and loves walking, because he is a hunter, he needs to constantly look for prey.

The dog will even bring the toy, grabbing it by the edge with its teeth, because this is prey and it cannot be damaged. The sonorous barking of a cocker can be immediately distinguished on the site - this is a contact dog that gets along well with all breeds.

The character is influenced by the color of the cocker. Solid representatives of the breed are more calm, melancholy in nature. And chocolate and multi-colored coat colors are usually found in restless and curious cockers with a thin, slightly nervous psyche.

Learnability

In terms of learning, a "starry" character can again play a cruel joke. Cocker must be constantly praised, but scolding is prohibited. The dog will understand the reproach tone, and will simply not defiantly respond to a cry.

On a scale of intelligence and smartness, a cocker deserves five points, but with reservations. We must find an approach to this proud handsome man. He should be the best and the first in everything - the praise of the owner, the best incentive for training.

To punish a cocker, you don’t have to scold him or scream, just ignore the dog. He is not for you, that's all. Spaniels are very worried about the owner’s inattention and will try to immediately correct their mistake, which caused your displeasure.

Attitude towards children and other family members

This is a lively, curious and funny dog ​​who is happy when the owners of the house. She does not like to be alone for a long time, so breeders advise keeping a couple of spaniels if you are at work for a long time.

A delicate and even overly neat cocker is smart and quick-witted, but with a trick, refusing this loving, touching look in cookies is difficult, but necessary.

The dog is very fond of children and calmly reacts to pets. But there is a sincere hostility to cats, which can take part of the owner’s love. A quiet but constant war will be waged with them in the house.

The disadvantage of cocker spaniels is some nervousness and fussiness. Therefore, always talk to your cocker kindly and calmly. Violent manifestations of emotions can provoke a puddle on the floor from an excess of feelings.

Protective and watchdog qualities of a cocker spaniel

This is a hunter and search engine, but not a watchman. Of course, there will be loud barking when the doorbell rings or when strangers arrive. But the spaniel loves everyone and, in the absence of aggression on the part of the guests, will calmly perceive them in the house, without the manifestation of pronounced watchdog qualities.

This is understandable, because the cocker itself is a treasure that must be guarded and loved 24 hours a day. For hunting, you need to choose dogs with pronounced search qualities. But this breed was bred as a dog for the show - decoration and heart of the house, guaranteeing a good mood.

“The Cocker Spaniel is a precious decoration and an invaluable friend, but not a guard, and not a watchman”

Content Features

When acquiring a cocker, one must be prepared for mandatory walks, at least an hour, in the morning and in the evening, as well as to the voiced bark, with which the spaniel will accompany all his emotions.

The dog can not be left alone for a long time, that all the neighbors and the whole street will know the dog alone at home. Guaranteed howling and barking if the owner is no longer than six hours. They are very well oriented in time and know how many minutes it takes to get home from work.

The daily care of excellent coat is also important - combing the wedges will have to be done every day. As a way out of a difficult situation - cutting to zero. Only ears and spectacular locks on paws and stomach leave fluffy.

Appearance care

If you want your cocker to constantly evoke the admiration of others, then a visit to the hairdresser should be planned at least once every three months. You can make a haircut, which will reduce the time of combing, but the whole charm of long expressive ears is lost.

Mandatory for a beautiful, shiny coat is not only combing, but also the presence of vitamin R. and A. in the feed.

You need to bathe a cocker once a month using special shampoos that make combing easier.

Check your auricle weekly, clean your ears with a cotton swab dipped in olive or burdock oil.

Another spaniel problem is a loose upper eyelid. Therefore, be sure to remove plaque from the corners of the eyes with green tea or a decoction of chamomile.

Diet - Features

The main things to remember are a minimum of carbohydrates, a maximum of protein (90%) and the required norm of vitamins and minerals. Spaniels are very fond of plant foods (cucumbers, apples, bananas and pumpkin), do not refuse them this.

Once a week, treat the dog to the fish he loves so much, but not greasy (pollock, hake) and a shiny healthy coat is guaranteed.

Cockers - sweet tooth, the aroma of chocolate or pastries is unbearable for them. But you can’t. Only special biscuits from the pet store.

Typical breed diseases

It is important to pay special attention to the frequent problems that can arise with the health of a cocker in childhood.

Health problems:

  • Attention to the auricles. In long ears, dirt immediately gathers, and inflammatory processes are often observed. Ear cleaning - once every three days.
  • Due to the short face, there may be breathing problems and characteristic sniffling. This is normal, but with prolonged hypothermia, the cocker can earn an elementary runny nose, which is treated in the same way as a common cold in a person (tea with raspberry leaves sweetened with honey, warm litter).
  • Obesity is a consequence of great appetite and love for sweets. Therefore, the balance of the diet is required.

Cockers are capricious, when indulging in their weaknesses, you can get a nervous, even hysterical dog. Communication with the cocker spaniel should be soft, but persistent, without excessive pampering.

Breed difficulties

A star has settled in your house, be prepared to serve stellar needs. In return, you will receive a faithful, cheerful and infinitely loyal friend and companion. Spaniels cannot imagine their existence without a master.

If the operating mode does not allow you to be at home for a long time, it is better to choose a different breed, spaniels really suffer if the owner is absent for a long time.

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