The length to the end of the tail is 35 cm, the same length are the two longest supra-tail feathers, the other two are shorter. The male on top is bright green with a golden hue and a metallic sheen. The feathers on the head are fluffy in the form of a short but wide crest. The large green hiding wings are elongated and hang over the dark wings. Abdomen and undertail of thick raspberry color. The tail is white below. By the end of the breeding season, the plumage of the male exposes and loses its splendor.
The female is deprived of tufts and long tail feathers. Green above, but without a golden hue, brownish brown underneath, brown tail streaked with brown stripes below.
It feeds almost exclusively on ocotea, which is swallowed whole, but on occasion eats insects, small tree frogs, lizards and snails. It sits motionless on branches directly under the canopy of the forest and from time to time makes lunges to grab an insect that has appeared nearby or to peck fruit on trees. Flying from branch to branch, makes jumps back.
Breeds in hollows. In clutch there are 2–4 pale eggs. When hatched, the bird sits in the nest so that the head is facing outward, and the covering feathers of the tail leave the nest above the head.
Inhabits cold mountain forests from southern Mexico to Panama. In the dry season, these birds can be found at an altitude of up to 3000 meters above sea level, and in the rainy season they descend from the highlands to an altitude of up to 1000 m. Creeps nest on the crowns of tall trees, looking for hollows at least 50 m above the ground, and sometimes higher.
In the mating season, the male quenched with loud cries calls the female to the place of the nest chosen by him. The hollow in the trunk of a rotten tree, although occasionally the birds make the hollow themselves, usually becomes a place for the nest.
The male describes wide circles in the air, uttering invocation cries. The partners make the nest together, after mating, the female lays 2-3 round eggs with a shiny shell. Both parents incubate masonry for 17-18 days. Chicks hatch naked, but quickly cover themselves with down. In the first days of life, parents feed the chicks with insects, and later begin to bring fruits, frogs, snails or lizards. The juveniles remain in the nest for about 20 days, until they are fully fledged, and reach puberty at about the age of three.
In the past, quesals were revered by the Aztecs and in many were found in tropical forests. When Cortes defeated the Aztec empire, birds began to hunt, and they were on the verge of extinction. Today, quesal is included in the international Red Book of endangered species, but this measure is clearly not enough to preserve the species. People continue to cut down rainforests - the only habitat of the quesal, but they cannot be raised in captivity: caught birds die quickly.
The sacred bird of the ancient Mayans and Aztecs. They considered him the god of air and his long green supra-tail feathers used in religious ceremonies. However, birds were never killed for this, but were caught alive, pulled feathers from them and released.
In modern Guatemala, quesal is the state symbol of the country, the national symbol of freedom. It is believed that a person deprived of his freedom dies of a broken heart. The quesal is depicted on the state emblem, the monetary unit there is called quetzal.
See also in other dictionaries:
Pharomachrus mocinno - Saltar a navegación, búsqueda? Quetzal Estado de conservación ... Wikipedia Español
Pharomachrus mocinno - Quetzal resplendissant Quetzal resplendissant ... Wikipédia en Français
Pharomachrus mocinno - Quetzal Quetzal (Pharomachrus mocinno) Systematik Klasse: Vögel (Aves) Ordnung: Trogone ... Deutsch Wikipedia
Pharomachrus mocinno - puikusis kvezalas statusas T sritis zoologija | vardynas atitikmenys: lot. Pharomachrus mocinno angl. resplendent quetzal vok. Quetzal, m. quesal, m pranc. quetzal resplendissant, m ryšiai: platesnis terminas - kvezalai ... Paukščių pavadinimų žodynas
Pharomachrus mocinno - ... Wikipedia
Pharomachrus mocinno mocinno - Pharomachrus mocinno mocinno ... Wikipédia en Français
Pharomachrus mocinno costaricensis - Pharomachrus mocinno costaricensis ... Wikipédia en Français
Pharomachrus mocinno mocinno - Saltar a navegación, búsqueda? Quetzal centroamericano Clasificación científica Reino: Animalia Filo ... Wikipedia Español
Pharomachrus - Saltar a navegación, búsqueda? Pharomachrus Pharomachrus mocinno Clasificación cie ... Wikipedia Español
Pharomachrus - Quetzal Quetzal ... Wikipédia en Français
Pharomachrus pavoninus - Quetzal Quetzal ... Wikipédia en Français
Quetzal - Pharomachrus mocinno. En cirka 40 centimeter lang fugl i Mellemamerika. Smaragdgulgrøn med skarlagensrødt brystparti. Hannen lang hale ... Danske encyklopædi
Quetzal resplendissant - Quetzal resplendissant ... Wikipédia en Français
Quetzal resplendissant - Pharomachrus mocinno ... Wikipédia en Français
Resplendent quetzal - This article is about the bird. For the short story, see The Resplendent Quetzal. Resplendent Quetzal A male Conservation status ... Wikipedia
Quetzal (Vogel) - Quetzal Quetzal (Pharomachrus mocinno) Systematik Klasse: Vögel (Aves) Ordnung: Trogone (Trogoniformes) ... Deutsch Wikipedia
- Biological Encyclopedic Dictionary / Ed. M.S. Gilyarova. - 2nd ed., Rev. - M.: Big Russian Encyclopedia, 1995.
This page uses content Wikipedia section in Russian. The original article is located at: Trogonovye. A list of the original authors of the article can be found in revision history. This article, like the article posted on Wikipedia, is available under CC-BY-SA.