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English-Russian Cynological Dictionary

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Advanced Agility Dog. See agility trials

/ 'ebdAmAn, eb'DoumAn / abdominal cavity (special), abdomen, belly (non-special)

Australian cattle dog

Agility Dog see agility trials

(AKC) Amateur Field Champion

(AWTA) Above Ground Hunting Certificate

/ A'Gility / agility, agility. See also agility trials

A modern competitive sport in which a man and a dog participate and which successfully uses and hones the physical and mental abilities of both two-legged and four-legged athletes, agility originated in the UK in 1977 and began to gain popularity in the United States in the late 80's. In agility competitions, the guide guides the dog through the obstacle course that must be overcome in the shortest possible time. Agility rules are reminiscent of the rules by which horse races with obstacles are held. Among the obstacles used in agility, we can name the following: A-shaped frame, table, tubular tunnel, suspended car tire, swinging board, log, etc. ... An organization that promotes agility in the United States, publishes competition rules, etc., called the United States Dog Agility Association. Agility competitions are held among purebred and outbred dogs.

American Herding Breeds Association.

the american kennel club

/ A'le: (p) t / alert, sensitive, alert

Animal Liberation Front (one of the many public organizations of "animal rights activists" in the United States).

/ 'a: mond'shaped / amygdala (about eye shape)

/ 'elfA / alpha (about a dog occupying the highest, dominant, position in the hierarchical structure of the pack)

/ elsation / German shepherd (rarely used term.) (see German shepherd)

/ 'o: LTA (p) / castrate, single, undergo surgical intervention

/ 'embA (p) / amber, yellow

/ 'arm / amble (step or run in which both right or left limbs are carried forward simultaneously)

American kennel club

The American Kennel Club, Incorporated. 51 Madison Avenue, New York, NY 10010.

/ 'eNgyu'lation / angle of articulation (bones in the joint)

/ 'EnimAl'BaitN / hunting dogs (bulls, bears, etc.) by dogs

Australian National Kennel Council

Animal and Plant Health Inspection Services - USDA Division of Animal Health and Proper Animal Care

/ 'epl scal / synonym domed skull (see)

American Rescue Dog Association

Australian Shepherd Club of America

/ hey psi hey / = American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals

(ASCA) Advanced Trial Dog

/ 'Outsauer / (German) Endurance Test. See also Schutzhund, endurance test

/ o'tokSanAs / aboriginal, separately formed in this territory (about the breed)

English-Russian Cynological Dictionary

abdomen 'ebdaman, abdouman - abdomen, abdomen, abdominal cavity

agility A'gility - agility, agility, competitions in which the dog overcomes obstacles under the control of a person running next to it

almond-shaped 'a: ​​mond's shape - amygdala (about the shape of the eyes)

Alsatian El'sation - German Shepherd (see German shepherd)

amber 'embA (p) - amber, yellow

ASPCA, A.S.P.C.A. hey psi hey = American Society for thr Prevention Society to Animails - American Society Against Animal Cruelty

autochthonous o'tokSanAs - aboriginal, separately formed in this territory (about the breed)

badger-dog 'name tag (p)' to: g - dachshund (see dachshund)

bark ba: (p) to - bark, bark

bat ears' bat'iA (p) s - wide ears resembling bat wings

belly 'beli - belly, belly

bitch beats - bitch

bite byte - bite, bite

black and tan 'blacki'ten - black with brown tan

brachycephalic 'brekike'felik - short-headed

break! break! - let go! (command)

breed b: D - breed

Breeding Kennel 'shave: diH'Kenl - nursery

brindle (d) brindle (d) - brown with stripes or spots of a different color, brindle

handler 'handle (p) - handler, guide (the one who holds the dog in front of the judges at the show)

harlequin 'ha: (p) liquin - "harlequin", "marble", white with irregularly scattered black spots (color)

harrier 'heriA (p) - hound (especially working on a hare)

haw ho: - blinking membrane, third eyelid

haw eyes' ho: aye - eyes that show a significant portion of the conjunctiva due to sagging lower eyelid

haw! ho :! - to the left! (team for sled dogs)

HCH see Herding Champion

HD see Hip Dysplasia

heat chi: t - estrus, in heat (amer.) or on heat (brit.) during estrus

heel! hee: l! - beside

herd heh (p) d - herd, collect cattle in a herd, graze

herding 'heh (p) diH - shepherd, shepherd (dog)

Herding Instinct Certified 'heh (p) diH' instiHkt 'certificate - Shepherd Instinct verified - title given by the American Herding Breeds Association

Herding Champion 'heh (p) diH' champiAnn - Shepherd Dog - Champion (title awarded by the American Kennel Club, AKC)

Herding Exellent 'heh (p) diH' ex (A) l (A) nt - Outstanding Shepherd Dog (AKC title)

Herding Intermediate 'heh (p) diH' intA (p) 'mi: diat - Shepherd Dog Intermediate Level (AKC title)

Herdihg Started 'heh (p) diH' hundred: (p) teed - Beginner Shepherd Dog (AKC title)

Herding Tested 'heh (p) diH' testid - Testing Shepherd Dog (AKC title)

heredity hi'editi - heredity, inherited traits

hernia 'heh (p) nya - hernia

HI see Herding Intermediate

HIC, HC; see Herding (r) Instinct (r) Certified

hind leg 'hindleg - hind limb

hindquaters hind 'kVA: rtArz-kVO: Az - sacrum, sometimes: whole back of the body or sacrum + hind limbs

hip dysplasia 'hip dis'playA-playA - hip dysplasia

hips hips - sometimes, hips

ho! hou! - to stand! (team for sled dogs)

hock ha: k hock - knee tendon (on the hind limbs), knees

hound hound - hunting dog (especially the hound)

housebreak 'housebreak - teach your dog to stay clean at home

housebroken 'housebrokenAn - (dog) trained to clean house

housetrained 'hustrand see housebroken

howl howl - howl, howl

HR see Hunter Retriever

HRCH see Hunter Retriever Champion

HS see Herding Started

HT see Herding Tested

humane society hyumayn sasayati - protection society, society of protection (to animals)

incisor in'sise (p) - incisor, front tooth

K-9 'keyain = canine canine related to dogs e.g. K-9 master - dog trainer

kennel kenl - kennel

Kennel Club 'kenlklAb - dog breeding club

kennel (s) kenl (s) - a shelter for dogs, a dog hotel where the owner can leave the dog for a certain time

lead whether: d - leash

leash le: w - leash, leash, fold

level bite 'lion (A) l'byte - tick-shaped, direct bite

limp lim - limb

litter 'litA (p) - litter (a group of puppies born simultaneously from the same mother), a special substance in the form of granules used to fill a dog or cat "toilet"

louse laus - louse

Maltese 'mo: l'ti: s - maltese lapdog

mate mate - knit mating

mating 'motherH - mating, mating

molar 'moleA (p) - molar, molar

molt / moult molt - molt, molt

mongrel 'ma: ngpAl' ma- - crossbreed, unclean dog

mush! Mash! - go ahead! go! (team for sled dogs)

mutt mAb - mongrel, unclean dog

muzzle mazl - muzzle, muzzle

neuter 'well: tAP' newtA (p) - castrate (males)

obedience A'bi: Dens - Obedience

obedience training A'bi: Djenst'trainiH - the initial training course

overshot 'ovAp'sha: t' ovA'shot - protruding forward (about the upper jaw), having overshot

parc pack - pack, pack

pedigree 'pedigree: - pedigree, thoroughbred

pen pen - fenced area (for walking)

pluck plak - pluck, pull out dead hair

plumb plam - strictly vertical forelimbs

poll pole - nape

pooch poo: h - little dog, little dog

pound pound - a pen or enclosure where trapped stray dogs are temporarily kept

pregnance 'pregnansi - pregnancy, tenderness

premolar when: moleA (p) - small molar, false molar, premolar

prognathism 'para - gnASism' prog - - protruding forward (about the lower jaw)

prognathous right: g'neisaz 'prog - - protruding forward (about the lower jaw)

pug pAG - pug, flattened muzzle (like a pug)

pup pa - puppy puppy 'pa - puppy

rabies' reybi: s - rage

race race - race, breed, race, race

rear pastern 'rip'pestern' rie'pasten - metatarsus (part of the hind limb above the paw to the hock)

ringworm pHHBe (p) m - ringworm

roan pone - chaly (about a coat in which light and black wool are mixed)

rough-coated 'pAf'coutide - coarse, shaggy

rump pAmp - sacrum, croup

run pAn - aviary

saber sabre 'sabe (p) - saber (about tail)

sausage dog 'co: sijjo: g - sausage dog (funky nickname for dachshund)

scissor (s) bite 'siz (A) p (s)' byte sizA (s) - - scissor bite

shaggy 'shaggy - shaggy, shaggy

shepherd 'shepA (p) d - shepherd dog, shepherd

shoulder 'shouldA (p) - shoulder

sickle cycle - sickle (about tail)

siltnt whistle 'silentAnt'Visl - silent whistle,' poacher's whistle '(emits a very high-pitched whistle, inaudible to humans, but well perceived by the dog)

sitl sit! - sit! sled dog 'trace'do: g - sled dog

smooth (coated) 'smu: S (' koutid) - smooth-haired

snub snAB - upturned (about the nose)

soft-coated 'co: ft'coutide - soft coat

spay spay - remove the ovaries, single bitch speckles speckles - dark or black spots, marks

squirrel tail 'SQUARE' tail 'SQUI -' squirrel tail '(the tail that the dog holds thrown back, but not curled into a ring).

stay stei! - wait !, wait! (the dog on this command must remain in place and wait for subsequent commands)

stifle stifle - knee, knee joint on the hind limb

stop hundred: n stop - transition from forehead to face, fracture

stopper pad 'hundred: pAp'pad' stopA'pad - pad on the wrist of the forelimb

strip 'strip - remove excess and / or dead hair, trim (+ see: pluck, trim)

sturdy ste (p) di - strong (physique)

tan teng - tan, tan

tawny to'ni - tan, tan

thorax 'Co: rex - chest

throw-chain 'srouchein - a chain for throwing used in training

trim trim - trim, trim, tidy

trot tre: t trot - trot (gait)

trout marks' traautma: (p) xc small reddish marks on a light coat (resembling spots on trout scales)

undercoat 'AndA (p)' cout - undercoat

undershot 'AndAp'sha: t' AndA'shot - protruding forward (about the lower jaw), having a bite (bulldog bite)

wag veg - wag (tail)

walk In: ​​to! - go for a walk!

wean vi: n - wean the puppy from the mother

whelp velp - puppy, whelping

whimper 'wimpa (p) - whine, whimper

whine vine - whine, howl

whoat! (x) wow! - to stand! (team for sled dogs)

wirehaired 'WaiA (p) haA (p) d - wirecoat

withers' Visa (p) s - withers

worm be (p) m - worm, expel worms

worming Be (p) miH - exile worms

A source: magazine "Cat and Dog"

Important info

GENERAL EXHIBITION TERMS

general terms

exhibition - show, exhibition

open - open class

couples competition - brace competition, couples

Kennel contest - kennel groups

manufacturers competition - breeding groups

handler contest - handling

young handler contest - junior handling

ASSESSMENT AND DESCRIPTION

very good - very good

taken out of the ring - out of the ring

description - description, critique

fault - fault, minor fault

vice - major fault

disqualification - disqualification

male - dog, male

female - bitch, female

stud dog - stud dog

pedigree bitch - brood bitch

breeding stock - foundation stock (FDS)

exhibition stand - show stance

best female - best female

best male - best male

best of breed (BOB) - best of breed (WWII)

best in opposite field - best of opposite sex (BOS)

best in group - best in group (BIG)

best dog of the show - best in show (BIS)

exhibitor (s) - exhibitor

EXTERIOR

body length - body length

exhausted (thin) - exhausted

overfilled fat

coarse rough

strong - strong, solid, sound

good - good bone, sound bone

bony - well boned

not enough bone - not enough bone

two-way cryptorch - bi-lateral cryptorhid

one-way cryptorch - monorhid

not enough developed the muscles

well developed muscles - well developed muscles

general appearance - general appearance

male in bitch type - dog in a feminy type

bitch in a male type - bitch in a male type

sexual dimorphism - sexual dimorphism

height (height at the withers) - height

upturned - leggy

stocky, squat - cobby

large - large

small (small) - small

Encyclopedic Dictionary of Cynological Terms, Russian-English, English-Russian, with illustrations, 1996, St. Petersburg.

the authors): Harold R. Spyra

In the book "Encyclopedic Dictionary of Cynological Terms" an attempt is made to systematize the definitions and terms in the evaluation of dogs and give a single anatomical description. In connection with the admission of Russia to the International Cynological Federation (FCI) and the expansion of international relations, a need arose for a unified interpretation of cynological terms. In addition, when conducting domestic exhibitions with inter-examination, disagreements between judges and domestic experts often come precisely because of different interpretations of the same concept. The release of this dictionary will undoubtedly remove this problem. At the end of the book is an extensive English-Russian dog handbook. The Encyclopedic Dictionary of Cynological Terms is an indispensable tool for judges, dog handlers, veterinarians and just dog owners and lovers.

Agility trials

A modern competitive sport in which a man and a dog participate and which successfully uses and hones the physical and mental abilities of both two-legged and four-legged athletes, agility originated in the UK in 1977 and began to gain popularity in the United States in the late 80's. In agility competitions, the guide guides the dog through the obstacle course that must be overcome in the shortest possible time. Agility rules are reminiscent of the rules by which horse races with obstacles are held. Among the obstacles used in agility, we can name the following: A-shaped frame, table, tubular tunnel, suspended car tire, swinging board, log, etc. ... An organization that promotes agility in the United States, publishes competition rules, etc., called the United States Dog Agility Association. Agility competitions are held among purebred and outbred dogs.

American Herding Breeds Association.

the American Kennel Club

SKULL

occipital protuberance - occiput

eyebrows - supraorbital ridge

interorbital furrow - interorbital furrow

TRANSITION FROM THE forehead to the muzzle

transition from forehead to muzzle - stop

marked transition - marked stop

distinct (distinct) - distinct

abrupt stop - abrupt stop

weakly defined - slightly defined

slightly sloping - gently sloping

moderate - moderatly defined

well defined - well developed

clearly defined

slightly rounded - arched ligthly rounded

apple-shaped - apple shaped

MUZZLE

muzzle - muzzle face

the length of the muzzle is equal to the length of the forehead (skull) - the muzzle is equal in the length to the top skull

muzzle length shorter than forehead length - the muzzle is shorter than the length of the skull

muzzle length is slightly longer than the length of the skull

forehead and muzzle lines are parallel - the muzzle and skull are on parallel planes

nasal bone - nasal bone

upturned - broken up face

concave - dished face

wedge-shaped - wedge shaped

light (weak) - weak

Blunt wedge blunt wedge

well filled under the eyes - well filled under the eyes

not (enough) filled under the eyes - not (enough) filled under the eyes

volume muzzle - the muzzle has a great depth

very short muzzle - stubby muzzle

tapering to the end - pointed tapering

chewing muscles - chewing muscles

cheekbone - cheekbone

not protruding cheekbones - clean in cheeks

cheeks flat and muscular

broad in cheekbones - fleshy in cheeks

FALL

upper jaw - upper jaw

lower jaw - lower jaw

upper lip - upper lip

lower lip - lower lip

cleft lip - hare lip

too wet lips - fluttering lips

dry, tight lips - tight lips

saggy bruises - pendulous flews jowls

purple (lavender) - lavander

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