Falling chickens and chickens to their feet is an alarming symptom provoked by many factors.
In order to prevent the death of birds and the infection of healthy individuals, you need to know what kind of disease it can be. So the poultry breeder will be able to determine whether the help of a veterinarian is needed or whether you can deal with the problem yourself.
The main causes of falling on the feet of chickens and chickens
Most often, the reason that chickens fall on their feet is improper care, an unbalanced diet, and inappropriate conditions of detention.
Typically, these factors become prerequisites for the development of diseases, leading to the fact that the chicken sits and does not get up.
Falling chickens and chickens on their feet is an alarming symptom.
Improper maintenance is often associated with excessive crowding, which leads to limited mobility and personal injury. Mistakes in nutrition cause the development of vitamin deficiencies, which weaken the immune system and make chickens vulnerable to infections.
The disease is associated with vitamin D deficiency due to a lack of sunlight.
Vitamin deficiency disrupts calcium-phosphorus metabolism. Usually found in young animals, whose body grows faster and consumes more nutritional resources.
Rickets Associated With Vitamin D Deficiency
Rickets disrupts bone formation, due to which chronic limb weakness develops. An adult sick chicken can carry decalcified eggs.
Pathology is associated with mechanical damage to the body., the causes of which are injuries, sprains, dislocations, damage to the muscles of the legs.
Outwardly, lameness is manifested in the bird falling onto its legs, edema of the damaged joint or open injuries of the limbs. With such injuries, the chicken may fall when walking or simply lie still.
Gout (uric acid diathesis)
With gout, uric acid builds up in the joints and the salt content in the joints increases. The cause of the disease can be crowding in the cell, long-term nutrition of feed with a large proportion of meat and bone meal and fish meal.
Externally, gout can be determined by the enlarged joints of the paws, their hardening and deformation, the formation of bumps on the joints. Chickens fail and they fall.
Tendovaginitis is characterized by inflammation of the articular vaginas and tendons, arthritis - by inflammatory processes in the joints.
The cause of disease is injuries., as well as getting into the open wounds of the causative agent of the infection (salmonella, staphylococcus, colibacillus, mycoplasma), most often the cause of the infection is non-compliance with sanitary standards.
When walking, the birds are lame, and with a progressive disease, the bird may fall to its feet, sit down and not get up.
The causative agent of this disease is the herpes virus.
Symptoms of Marek's disease: unnatural staging of the body with twisting of the neck, sagging tail and wings, lameness, falling on legs.
A characteristic feature - the iris of the eye can change color, a chicken or an adult bird loses weight, behaves apathetically, does not eat, and eventually dies.
Curvature and curly fingers
If the chicken moves on the side of the foot - this is a sign of curvature of the fingers. When curly, the bird walks with its fingers bent down. Both ailments arise due to injuries, hypothermia.
Curliness and curvature can also be transmitted genetically or caused by impaired incubation. It is impossible to cure diseases.
With knemidocoptosis, scaly growths appear on the bare areas of the paws, the disease is accompanied by dermatitis and scabies, in the later stages the paws can fail.
The disease is caused by scabies subcutaneous mites.which multiplies rapidly. If knemidocoptosis is not identified in time and the infected individual is not isolated, the disease will spread throughout the chicken coop.
The disease is characterized by a weakening of the ligaments and tendons of the limbs, as a result of which the joints of the paws are displaced, so the chicken does not stand on its feet. The disease is irreversible: the bones of the limbs gradually thicken and shorten, the joints are deformed.
Chickens lose weight and lag behind in development, and laying hens lay eggs, from which already sick young hatch. Typically, perosis develops in young individuals due to a lack of manganese in the diet, but it can also be caused by an acute shortage of pantothenic, nicotinic and folic acids, choline, riboflavin, and biotin in food.
Chicken Reovirus Infection
The diagnosis combines several pathologies provoked by reovirus and without pronounced clinical signs. Initial symptoms: claudication, poor mobility, digestibility of feed, loss of skin pigmentation.
The neglected stage is accompanied by rupture of the tendons of the leg, destruction of the cartilage, so the bird can only sit.
Causes of Foot Disease
Often chickens, including broilers, sit on their feet, they have limited motor activity. Why does the musculoskeletal system fail in poultry, what is the cause of the disease? It is impossible to answer this question unequivocally, since there are a lot of reasons.
- Errors in the content. Chickens need to move a lot. If the room is small, the bird does not have the opportunity to "warm up", outgrowths or, as the poultry breeders say, calcareous leg may appear on the paws.
- An improperly prepared diet, when there are not enough vitamins B, A, E, D in the feed. In this case, the paws of chickens can get sick due to vitamin deficiency - rickets.
- The occurrence of gout.
- Chicken lameness.
- Joint problems - arthritis, arthrosis, tenosynovitis.
- Curvature and curly fingers.
We will talk about some diseases of the legs of hens.
- With gout, the chicken becomes lethargic, weak, because it practically ceases to eat. As a result, the body is depleted.
- The legs are swollen, growths first appear on the joints, then the joints are deformed, become inactive.
- In addition to the joints of the legs, gout affects the kidneys, liver and intestines.
If after walking in the winter the bird falls on its paws, you should carefully examine its limbs: if the skin has a blue-black color, and the foot itself is swollen - the chicken got frostbite.
If after walking in the winter the bird falls on its paws, you should carefully examine its limbs
Other symptoms:the pallor (with subsequent blueing) of the scallop and catkins, the frost-bitten bird staggers, cramps, foamy stools and panting can be observed.
Severe frostbite cannot be treatedsince tissue necrosis develops. With mild hypothermia, bare skin areas are rubbed with petroleum jelly or goose fat.
If the diet lacks greens and grains, the balance of proteins, fats and carbohydrates is disturbed.
Often an error in nutrition is associated with a lack of minerals in food, but their excess is dangerous. The source of nutrients can be added to food chalk, bone meal, salt, shellfish.
Sometimes chickens peck their litter, as it contains the necessary elements.
Often, falling chickens on their paws is associated with vitamin deficiencies, especially with a lack of vitamins A, E and D.
Often the fall of chickens on their paws is associated with vitamin deficiencies
To replenish them, you need to give the birds cabbage, beets, carrots, greens, sprouted grains, and normalize the light regime.
The most common mistake in the content is the overpopulation of the chicken coop.
To prevent crowding, causing a sedentary lifestyle, on 1 m2 should be no more than 5 chickens or 10 chicks.
Another mistake is the non-compliance of the chicken coop with hygiene standards:
- Poorly functioning ventilation system. For birds, the presence of fresh air in the room is very important - musty can lead to the spread of infection.
- Incorrect temperature conditions. In winter, the room should be heated, in summer it should not be too hot. The optimum temperature for birds is 12-16 ° C.
- Lack of lighting. The daylight hours in the chicken coop should last 14 hours, the light should be gradually intensified during the day and weakened in the evening, while maintaining its naturalness. Intensity should be 6 W / m2.
- High roost position. The perch should not be too high so that when descending from it the bird does not hurt its legs. The optimum height is 0.5 meters.
If the chicken has failed legs due to joint diseases, veterinarians advise adding tricalcium phosphate to the feed. If you introduce it into the diet in the amount of 1-2% of the total feed, gradually the lack of vitamins and minerals will be filled.
With tendon inflammation Vitamin B and Manganese are added to birds.
For arthritis and tenosynovitis use antibacterial and antiviral drugs (polymyxin-m sulfate, sulfadimethoxin, ampicillin, benzylpenicillin) for 5 days.
With knemidocoptosisif the chicken does not stand on its feet, use acaricidal drugs effectively. It is necessary to warm the solution to 40 ° C, pour into a container, immerse the bird's legs in it. Depending on the preparation, on average, the chicken is kept in solution for a minute, the procedure is repeated after a week.
If lameness and poultry fall due to injury, wounds, abrasions or edema should be treated (peroxide, iodine, green stuff), and the bird should be removed from relatives, otherwise other chickens can peck it.
Enriched with vitamins and minerals will help the chicken recover faster.
For prevention, you need to use a set of preventive measures:
- provide the necessary light and temperature conditions,
- monitor the balance of nutrition, the amount of vitamins and nutrients (the diet is different for different age groups of birds),
- to ensure the prevention of injuries, eliminate crowding,
- keep the chicken coop and bird walk clean
- vaccinate chickens
- send young animals from another farm to quarantine.
1. The bird limps first on one leg, every day more and more stronger. Lameness can go to another limb,
2. The joint may be swollen, twisted, reddened,
3. The bird often sits, if she has to run, her legs break in her legs, the chicken does not work for a long time.
Treatment of lameness in hens
First of all, they look at the state of the limbs. If there are wounds, abrasions, cuts, then they are treated with a disinfectant. They also look to ensure that the paws are not wrapped in thread, wire, lace, crushing legs and if they are not removed in time, this will greatly harm the chicken. A bird with sore feet is planted separately, so that other individuals do not push it and do not damage it even more. After that, the chicken is given vitamins, chalk, fodder yeast, the wounds are treated, and then if the cause was mechanical damage, they heal quickly and the chicken recovers.
Arthritis and tenosynovitis in chickens
Inflammation of the joint bag and the tissues around it most often occurs in broiler chickens. Tendovaginitis (inflammation of the tendons) is found in adult chickens. The cause of the occurrence is the non-compliance with the sanitary conditions in which the hens are kept. Dirty litter may contain microorganisms that cause arthritis in the wounds on the legs. If the birds are kept crowded, on a wet litter and consume unbalanced food, then the risk of getting arthritis in the legs becomes almost one hundred percent. No wonder this disease is called a disease of dirty feet. Because of this, the hens sharply lose their appetite, hardly move, and experience severe pain. If the disease run the bird may die.
What is the cause of chicken lameness and its symptoms? Most often, if the chicken is limping, then this is the main symptom of any disease or injury. Chicken can suffer mechanical damage such as cuts to the feet or fingers, such as broken glass, the bird can stretch its ligaments, dislocate, bruise the foot, and damage muscles. Lameness can also result from diet deficiency. Broilers can suffer from lameness due to the fact that they grow intensively and gain weight. Lameness can also occur in birds that have growths or spurs. They appear mainly in adults and can develop due to poor-quality flooring. In any case, the spur or growths need to be removed.
A chicken may also begin to limp due to the fact that it develops a disease of internal organs, namely, kidneys. Such a symptom of kidney disease becomes quite understandable if we take into account that it is through this organ that the nerves that "are responsible" for the activity of the chicken legs pass.
The symptom can gradually increase - from a barely noticeable limp to a deep lameness - on one paw or both at once. The appearance of the joint changes - it swells, becomes larger, takes an unnatural position. the chicken may also limp due to the fact that her legs are trembling. After running for a short distance, the legs may “break” or the laying hen cannot stand for a long time at all, it rises to its feet with difficulty.
How to treat
At the initial stage, chicken disease (knemidocoptosis) is treated in hens. No need for any expensive drugs.
To destroy the chicken tick, household soap is simply diluted in hot water (until completely dissolved). In the resulting cooled solution, the limbs of a chicken or rooster affected by knemidocoptosis are placed, and they are kept for about half an hour. If there is one percent creolin, then after the bath, the legs of the hens are treated with such a solution. But today it is difficult to purchase such a drug, so you can buy birch tar in a pharmacy for the treatment of knemidocoptosis.
We treat diseases of the feet of hens with their own hands:
- A disease such as lameness can begin suddenly or imperceptibly, and sometimes the chicken is lame on only one leg.
- Edema appears on the joints of the legs, it is enlarged, unnaturally screwed in.
- Feet with chicken lameness tremble.
- Even short dashes are given with great difficulty, often ending in a fall.
- It is difficult not only to stand the bird with chicken lameness, but also to rise to its feet.
Chickens fall on their feet with arthritis when the joint bag and nearby tissues are inflamed. This foot disease is common in broiler chickens.
There is another leg disease - tendovaginitis, associated with tendon inflammation. Most often, old chickens suffer from it. They sit on their feet, cannot stand for long. The cause of tenosynovitis can be not only mechanical damage, but also the causative agents of chicken disease (viruses or bacteria). Most often, leg diseases occur in dirty chicken coops, as well as with severe crowding of hens.
Another foot disease of chickens that is difficult to treat is crooked fingers, which occurs in chickens in the first days of life. Affected by this disease, the birds walk on the side of the foot, as if creeping on tiptoe. The reason for the appearance of crooked fingers is most often associated with improper care, content in a cold place, on a metal grid. Birds, as a rule, survive, but they will never get rid of lameness, treatment is impossible.
What other foot diseases do chickens have and how can they be treated? Curly fingers can earn chickens if riboflavin is not enough in the feed. In addition to acquired paralysis of the limbs, chickens grow poorly and practically do not develop, they fall to their feet.Keeping chickens with their fingertips bent down, as in the photo below, is impractical.
As for the treatment of curly fingers, it is successful at the initial stage. Multivitamins with riboflavin are added to chickens.
Instead of a conclusion
It should be understood that not one bird owner is safe from leg diseases in chickens and their treatment. But the suffering of hens can be minimized by observing the rules for raising poultry.
This applies not only to feeding chickens with balanced feeds corresponding to breeds and age, but also to keeping birds in clean, bright and spacious rooms. In addition, only attentive attitude to hens and roosters, immediate isolation of diseased birds will allow the cultivation of healthy hens for meat and eggs.
Chicken fingers curved
Starting on the first day of life, the chick may get foot disease. If the bird walks on the side of its paws, it has a disease of crooked fingers, and if the fingers are bent under the paw and the chicken walks as if on tiptoe it is a disease of the curly fingers. The cause of the disease can be mechanical injuries, violations of incubation standards, genetic mutation, low air temperature, the use of mesh floors when growing young animals.
From what diseases chickens die most often, read in this article.
Treatment and prevention
Treatment can only be the provision of the necessary conditions for keeping and feeding. Compliance with sanitary standards and maintaining the immune system with vitamins and minerals. For prevention, control of all stages of incubation is used. If the bird is purchased, then you need to change the supplier, perhaps the reason for the genetic mutation in young animals.
The calcareous leg (scabies) has the scientific name knemidocoptosis. The disease is successfully treated, is common in poultry, as it is contagious. The causative agent of the disease is the scabies mite. The bird is infected from bedding material, drinking bowls, feeders, perches, from already sick chickens. The disease can flow into a chronic form, lasts for years, if left untreated. Ticks spread on that part of the legs, without feathers, under the scales. After infection, ticks gnaw holes in the tissues and lay eggs in them. Larvae grow there, develop. At this moment, the bird experiences severe itching, depression, especially at night and in a warm place. Over time, the scales exfoliate, become covered with a whitish coating, similar to calcareous, and then fall off. When the toes are affected by ticks, large growths appear.
Tendon displacement (perosis)
It is very important to detect this disease in time and begin its treatment, because it is this disease that causes many broiler diseases. For fast-growing birds, this disease is not uncommon. But you can avoid it, for which you need to feed the bird in a balanced manner, paying increased attention to the content of vitamin B. The hock joints of the chickens swell and acquire an unnatural shape - they turn out.
At the initial stage of the disease, it is easy to defeat. For diagnosis, a veterinarian should be invited. Sometimes it’s enough to just show a photograph of a sick chicken and an experienced specialist will confirm or deny the presence of tendon displacement.
Factors related to conditions of detention
Mobility problems in chickens can be combined into several groups, depending on what served as the root cause of the development of pathologies.
Living conditions and diet: chicken coops with a small amount of daylight or artificial light, free space, and a diet without vitamin and mineral supplements, fresh herbs - a direct path to a whole range of paw diseases in chickens.
Due to improperly organized nutrition in chickens there is a violation of metabolism - metabolism. Curvatures of bones of various degrees, malfunction of the kidneys, liver fall into this category.
The motility of birds decreases due to pain in the bones or abdomen. In the second case, the symptoms are supplemented by changes in the color of the comb, earrings, skin, free from feathers - they lose brightness.
Hygiene and Care
In violation of the rules of pet hygiene and unsustainable feeding ornamental birds often develop arthrosis and arthritis.
- In addition, these pathologies can be triggered by illiterate equipment of the cell, for example, a perch of too small a diameter.
- Only a veterinarian can identify problems with the joints, based on the results of the examination of the parrot and the data of an X-ray examination. Conservative treatment using hormonal and anti-inflammatory drugs, as well as antibiotics.
- If the clinical picture of the pathology of the limbs of a parrot manifests itself in the form of metamorphoses of joints and bones, then we can talk about the presence of an infectious disease. This pathology develops under the action of Staphylococcus aureus and manifests itself in the form of yellowish-white glandular growths on the paws of birds.
For successful treatment, the owner of the bird should immediately contact a veterinary clinic, where after carrying out specific laboratory tests, the veterinarian will be able to diagnose and prescribe an effective treatment. In this case, antibiotics are prescribed.
If necessary, anti-inflammatory and wound healing drugs can be prescribed in parallel.
As mentioned above, problems with the legs of parrots may appear due to improper nutrition. Particularly affected birds with a lack of calcium in the diet.
Many owners of decorative birds, especially beginners, do not even suspect that their pet should have unhindered access to mineral nutrition around the clock.
Only in this case, you can be sure that the parrot receives the minerals it needs so much in full.
- If the bird lacks macro- and microelements, then after a while it becomes difficult for it to control its pelvic limbs, which will externally manifest itself in the form of tremors. Especially this pathology affects young birds.
- Without dietary correction, the disease will progress. Soon it will be difficult for your feathered friend to even bring his paws together, therefore, sitting on the perch, he will widely spread his limbs to the sides.
- After enrichment of the diet of the bird with microelements, recovery occurs rather quickly. Parrots can have congenital pathologies of the legs. This often happens as a result of mistakes made by the bird breeder.
- Of the most common congenital diseases, the absence of finger phalanges and the abnormal structure of the pelvic limbs can be noted.
If uric acid begins to be poorly removed due to metabolic disorders from the tissues of the bird, then we are talking about the occurrence of a pathology called gout.
This disease affects not only the serous membranes of organs, but also the joints of the pelvic limbs of parrots. The clinical picture of gout is represented by swelling of the legs and pain during movement.
However, in order to make a final diagnosis, a general blood test and x-ray should be performed.
The success of poultry treatment will largely depend on an integrated approach, including not only the use of hormonal and anti-inflammatory drugs, but also a strict diet.
Each parrot owner sooner or later has to deal with various pathologies of the legs of his pet. The reasons that serve as a prologue to this problem can be very different. However, in the vast majority of cases, birds receive mechanical injuries of the pelvic limbs.
This can happen anywhere, for example, when a parrot flies around the house or sits quietly in its cage. An accident will occur if the paw of a bird is caught between the bars of a cage. Also, some interior items can act as a snare for a parrot. Even the owner of the bird himself can injure his parrot if, for example, he slams the door in the house with a pet sitting on it.
There are many dangers that await a parrot walking around the house. This can be, for example, a gas or electric stove, a hot plate with soup or a glass of tea. Often, a parrot comes into battle with other pets living in the house. The result of a relationship clarification is a paw injury.
If an injury is detected, the owner of the parrot should immediately contact a veterinary clinic, where the veterinarian can give an opinion on the severity of the pathology after an x-ray.
If a fracture is diagnosed, then a broken bone will be fixed in the parrot using a special metal structure. It is highly undesirable to fix the fracture site using outdated methods such as applying a tire or pressure bandage.
Such methods lead to circulatory disorders in the injured paw, which is fraught with the occurrence of tissue necrosis.
Sometimes the legs of a parrot can be attacked by a tickwhich parasitizes on feather-free areas of the bird’s body. The presence of a parasite is eloquently indicated by the formed growths on the legs of a bird having a porous structure. In this case, the veterinarian, after clarifying the diagnosis, processes the legs of the parrot with a special drug. After the death of ticks, the bird fully recovers.
In negligent owners, parrots quite often suffer from pathologies of the joints of the limbs.
Such problems can be caused by systematic violations of the basic rules of pet hygiene, when the cell is rarely cleaned and a huge amount of bird droppings accumulate in it.
The same thing will happen when unsustainable bird feedingfor example, if the food contains excessive amounts of protein and fat, but vitamins and minerals will not be enough.
The diagnosis can only be made by a veterinarian and only in a veterinary clinic, since in addition to examination, an X-ray examination is required. After making an accurate diagnosis, a treatment is prescribed, consisting of taking a parrot anti-inflammatory and hormonal drugs, as well as antibiotics if necessary.
Deformation of limb bones under the influence of pathology of an infectious nature is considered quite dangerous. The clinical picture of the disease is expressed by the formation of pale yellow growths on the feet of the bird.
When contacting a veterinary clinic, the doctor will prescribe laboratory tests to determine effective treatment. The laboratory will conduct bacterial inoculation, as a result of which the susceptibility of the pathogen to various antibiotics will be investigated.
However, choosing an effective antibiotic is not enough. In parallel, anti-inflammatory drugs, as well as wound healing agents, should be used.
Minerals for parrots are important in a sense, even more than for other animals. Owners of birds should know that in the feeder of parrots, mineral fertilizing should be present constantly. Otherwise, the diet of parrots will be depleted in micro and macro elements, which will not slow down in the form of problems with the pelvic limbs.
Symptom of micronutrient metabolism disorders tremor of the extremities in the bird’s body occurs against the background of a decrease in their sensitivity to external irritants. Young birds are especially affected, in which the symptoms, unlike adult parrots, are slightly modified. The pet is unable to move his legs together.
However, with normalization of the diet, the above problems disappear by themselves.
Congenital pathologies can often be the cause of paw problems. This is noted in parrots, whose parents were kept in conditions unacceptable from a zoohygienic point of view, without getting enough food. Then the chicks that were born may have an abnormal development of the legs. Sometimes there are no phalanges on the feet.
Improper feeding is fraught for parrots with a violation of metabolic processes in the body, which will inevitably lead to the deposition of uric acid in the tissues. This phenomenon is especially characteristic for serous membranes of organs, as well as for joints.
The clinical picture of the pathology is expressed by swelling of the legs, difficult to move independently on the background of severe pain. The diagnosis is made by a veterinarian based on the results of a blood test.
In this case, an X-ray examination will be very informative. After making an accurate diagnosis, treatment is prescribed, which includes the combined use of antibiotics, anti-inflammatory drugs and hormonal drugs.
Normalization of the diet will be important, which will beneficially affect the excretion of uric acid from the tissues of the body.
The main reasons that entail pronounced pathologies of the legs in parrots were listed above. The owner of the bird should know the main symptoms of these diseases, so that, at the slightest suspicion, seek veterinary care in time. It is time that will determine whether or not your pet can fully recover, since a neglected pathology is incurable.
This entire list of diseases should not scare an amateur poultry farmer and force him to abandon his beloved and profitable business. You just need to remember: the bulk of diseases can be treated if they are diagnosed and taken in time. Do not forget the owner of the poultry yard and that it is not always possible to make a diagnosis yourself. If the cause of the ailment is not entirely clear or in doubt, then it is better to contact a professional.
The veterinarian will help diagnose and determine exactly why the hens are out of order. A correct diagnosis and treatment started in a timely manner is what will prevent the spread of the disease and preserve the entire bird population. Keep the room clean, establish good ventilation. Be sure to make a normalized feeding regimen and periodically change the diet to make it varied.
Damage and heredity
Mechanical damage: occurs if physical force has been applied to the chicken. For example, during cockfights, clipping of wings with an improper way of fixing the bird.
Or there was a sloppy perching, entangling with thread, wire legs, injuries caused by other animals (dog, cat). Possible consequences of such situations are fractures, dislocations, scratches, suppuration.
Heredity: sick or defective chickens rarely produce healthy offspring. As well as those without access to quality feed. The genetic factor cannot be treated, but the spread of undesirable properties to future generations can be prevented.
Parasitic damage: various parasites - ticks, fleas, can reduce the mobility of birds. What can be done in the latter case is described in the article “How to get rid of chicken fleas”.
Infectious diseases: we are talking about joint damage with fever, swelling.
In most cases, early diagnosis of the problems described and emergency treatment allow the chicken to live a whole season, gain the necessary body weight, and begin to lay eggs.
Next, we will consider common pathologies that lead to problems with the paws of chickens.
Chickens often have a deficiency of vitamins of groups B, A and D. Typical symptoms of vitamin deficiency:
- in birds, mobility decreases,
- loss of appetite
- plumage thins, feathers break off, hens look disheveled,
- lameness appears
- in advanced cases, the bones become thinner, bend, the legs move apart,
- laid eggs have a thin shell, or do not have it at all.
Symptoms of vitamin deficiency manifests itself in several chickens, often gradually, not in one day.
Treatment includes diet correction. The chicken menu includes green feed, grated vegetables, and vitamin supplements. Also increase the continuation of daylight hours due to piece lighting. Expand the territory for walking.
An improvement in the situation can be considered the absence of new pathological cases, the appearance of appetite in chickens. The return of motility in diseased individuals within 2 weeks from the start of treatment.
Usually, chickens affected by vitamin deficiency are not allowed to continue procreation, since their metabolic processes are still impaired.
Growths on the legs
The cause of the growths on the paws of chickens can be a defeat by a tick or, in other words, knemidocoptosis.
Ticks breed only in the scaly featherless integument of the limbs of chickens, breaking through channels in the skin layers. The affected skin actively grows, hardens, and later - crackes.
General characteristic symptoms:
- constant chickens anxiety
- beak cleansing paws up to bloody marks,
- the appearance on the legs of growths with a whitish tinge.
If untreated, ticks affect all hens in the chicken coop, become the cause of their infectious lesions, and a decrease in body weight gain.
Therapy for the disease is described in the article "Treatment of growths and other diseases of the paws in chickens."
Chicken leg fracture
A possible consequence of mechanical impact (high jump, traumatic examination, fights with other chickens or animals) is a fracture.
Chickens with a vitamin imbalance for a long time will be more prone to this type of injury. Fragility of bones develops. But fractures can occur in completely healthy birds.
If the chicken broke his leg, the fracture is extensive, open, treatment is not used.
If the paw is slightly twisted, or the fracture is closed, treat the chicken by applying a splint - a small, solid, even stick attached to the leg with a bandage. The injured bird is separated for a week and a half from the rest.
Preventive measures include improving the diet, reducing the likelihood of severe mechanical injury.
Farm experience shows that a chicken will be healthy, receiving a sufficient amount of minerals, vitamins, green food, sunlight and freedom. Movement in the open air, with the possibility of swimming in the dust, contributes to the natural cleansing of parasites and "feeding" of appetite.
What preventive or therapeutic methods do you use when raising chickens? We will be grateful for the 5 stars and repost.
Diseases of the legs and wings of budgies
This disease is quite common in budgies. The reason for this ailment is considered to be a violation of the blood supply to the extremities due to lack of movement, due to improper size of the stubs, lack of vitamin A, and damage to the plantar pads with damage by pathogenic microorganisms. Usually, a combination of some of these factors causes the disease.
The disease develops as follows - on the sole of the paw, on the underside of the finger, a place of compression forms, the skin in that place becomes thinner, erases to blood and becomes covered with scabs.
A damaged limb is usually hot to the touch, possibly with edema. Further, an open purulent ulcer develops, which is very painful for the bird.
The parrot will try to reduce the burden on the diseased limb, transferring the weight to a healthy one, thereby also exposing it to the risk of ulceration.
The treatment, as a rule, is very long and laborious. Firstly, it is necessary to eliminate the cause of ulcers - remove unsuitable stubs (replace them too thin with thicker stitches, the stitches must be wooden), make up for vitamin A deficiency, and provide the bird with freedom of movement.
Treatment should be carried out under the supervision of a veterinarian. Pus in birds has a rather thick consistency and practically does not leak out of the wound, forming a dense cork, which is removed surgically. Then, for 10 days, dressings with wound healing ointments are applied. The dressing is changed every two to three days.
Multivitamin injections can help speedy recovery.
If the cork does not have time to form, then it will be enough to lubricate the affected limb with vitamin, A or fish oil. During treatment, there should be no sand in the cage in order to prevent infection.
In order to reduce the burden on a healthy limb, the little need to reconstruct a little, wrapping them with soft paper or cloth.
It is necessary to use caution with sand-covered stubs and mineral stitches for sewing claws; they act on the extremities of birds, like sandpaper.
To prevent this disease, the cage should be equipped with stems of different diameters, the bird should fly more often, the parrot should not be too well-fed, to prevent vitamin deficiency, A - include more greens in your pet's diet.
If such injuries occur, going to the veterinarian is a must! As a rule, fractures of the thin bones of the wings and paws are treated by applying a hard protective dressing.
A broken bone is carefully fixed in its natural position so that both fragments are firmly pressed against each other and do not move. Usually a parrot needs several days to get used to the bandage. At this time, open containers of water are removed from the cage, where the bird can fall and choke.
The bandage is removed after 10 days. To speed up the healing process, calcium is included in the diet or injected.
Fracture treatment must be performed within 24 hours. Otherwise, the chance of a full restoration of limb function is greatly reduced.
Bruises, sprains and dislocations
These injuries are usually the result of accidents that have occurred with the bird. Usually, the owner suddenly discovers that a small pet has a wing hanging or does not rest on its foot.
With a thorough examination, you can find that the tissues around the bruised joint are edematous, may have a red-brown color. With such injuries, a visit to the veterinarian is an integral part of treatment. Using radiography, it is necessary to find out whether there is a fracture other than a bruise.
If there is no fracture or dislocation, then the bird is placed in a small cage, providing complete rest until the edema on the extremities subsides.
Dislocations must be corrected (usually this is done under general anesthesia), after which a support dressing is applied for 2 weeks.
Ingrown rings and constrictions
Banding of decorative birds is gaining more momentum in the territory of the former USSR. Birds are most often ringed in nurseries to control the origin, date of hatching, etc. If the ringed leg is damaged (fracture or dislocation), if there is a disturbance in blood supply, joint diseases, or skin injuries, the limb may swell and the ring will become too narrow and may grow up.
As a result, the blood supply to the fingers is disturbed, and the paw below the ring turns blue, and then dies. The parrot is in extreme pain.
You can cut the ring using special scissors, it is cut into two halves without harming the limb.
In addition to the ring, the constriction on the legs can form various fibers that are in the cell. Sometimes owners turn to the veterinarian too late and the limb must be amputated. Birds quickly get used to the lack of paws. To reduce the load on the second limb, it is recommended to wrap all the stubs with soft paper.
Joint form of gout
With food, proteins enter the parrot's body, which, when digested, form the final product - uric acid. The kidneys filter this substance out of the blood, and it leaves the urine. However, with kidney disease, uric acid can accumulate in the blood and then deposited in the form of crystals on the internal organs and joints.
This disease is called urate diathesis or gout articular. Under the skin, around the joints, painful whitish nodules form that can open and a crumbling white mass stands out from them. Paw swelling occurs, limb temperature rises. Paws acquire a red-violet color.
Often with articular gout, uric acid deposits occur in the abdominal cavity, in the heart bag, under the capsule of the liver and in the kidneys.
This disease is incurable. High doses of vitamin A, a large amount of fluid (infusion under the skin), the initiation of kidney function with sucrose, added to drinking water - help alleviate the course of the disease.
Due to swelling of the extremities, it is difficult for the bird to sit on thin stems. The hearts should be wide and wrapped in soft paper. You can also equip the cage with small platforms where the bird could sit painlessly.
Feeders and drinking bowls must be placed in a cage so that the parrot can easily and effortlessly reach them.
Gouty nodules, when they reach a certain size, are opened surgically. Usually without anesthesia, as this is an additional burden on the kidneys.
Joint inflammation (arthritis)
Inflammation of the joints without the absence of a pathogen occurs when there is excessive (overweight), improper (inappropriate stiffness) load on the limb. In most cases, the joints swell and become very painful.
To cure, it is necessary to establish the cause of the disease. Overweight birds are put on a diet. The poles are wrapped so that the fingers of the bird are located on them almost horizontally.
Most joint inflammations are caused by pathogenic microorganisms that penetrate through the ulcers of the fingertips and are introduced into the joint with blood flow.
Antibiotics are used to treat bacterial inflammation of the joints (minimum course is 7 days). Which antibiotic is suitable is decided only by the veterinarian.
Inappropriate or interrupted antibiotic treatment leads to the development of resistance (lack of sensitivity) in pathogens.
It is not recommended to give antibiotics with water and food, as this does not guarantee a sufficiently high concentration of the drug in the blood and tissues, because parrots drink little, and when the taste of water or food changes, they may refuse to use them at all.
The legs of the budgerigar are often exposed to various diseases. Their cause is heredity, injury or improper maintenance. Let's see in more detail.
Unhealthy conditions in the cage, poor or monotonous food, improper temperature conditions, thin plastic poles, and lack of movement can cause health problems.
The paws of a budgerigar are often injured by the carelessness of the pet itself:
- failed landing
- clawing can cause a dislocation,
The claws of the budgerigar, bending back, bend and interfere with normal movement. To avoid this, the claws must be cut. Inside the claw is a capillary, it is visible in the light. The claw is trimmed so as not to damage it.
Fractures of the paws are treated only by a specialist by repositioning the fracture and applying a tire. During the recovery period, the parrot needs additional nutrition with an increased content of calcium. Fractures in budgerigars heal in 2 weeks.
In case of dislocation, the joint is repaired and a bandage is applied.
They occur on the pads of the paws due to stagnation of blood, which, in turn, arose due to a sedentary lifestyle or uncomfortable hearts.
Another cause of ulcers is mechanical damage to the skin of the legs. Microorganisms that enter the wound cause an immune response and accumulation of pus. If white spots are found in the parrot, the paw is hot, then it is urgent to start treatment by contacting a doctor ornithologist.
What to do if the budgerigar paws hurt?
First of all, you should find the cause of the disease:
- thin perches replace with thicker ones from natural branches
- remove sharp objects from the cage and the room where the bird flies (wire, broken cage rods, spiky plants, bitches on the perches)
- increase walking time
- introduce vitamin A into the feed (greens, fruits, vegetables)
The treatment itself should be prescribed and controlled by a specialist. Surgery may be necessary to remove the purulent plug. After surgery, the wound is washed and a bandage is applied.
They are associated with impaired development and heredity.
Pathologies are expressed by physical defects: lack of fingers or a whole limb, polydactyly, curvature or change in the structure of paws. Some defects can be removed surgically.
If the budgerigar has redness, swelling of the paws, or the legs look unnatural, the parrot walks a little, is lame, then you should definitely show the bird to the veterinarian.
Excessive Beak Growth
Such a disease can occur as a result of constant improper feeding of the bird. If the chick regularly eats feed that is soft in structure, then both the upper and lower parts of the beak will be poorly stitched. In this case, veterinarians recommend replacing the feed with a harder one.
Sometimes chicks are prescribed branches of trees with bark that need to be nibbled, and before use, the owner must treat the branch with boiling water.
If the food changes, the parrot nibbles the branches, then after some time the parts of the beak will begin to grind properly, of course, if they are symmetrically from each other.
It should also be noted that there are certain diseases that cause a similar problem. In particular, the disease of the chick as a result of a bite by a parasite - a tick Mnemidocoptis. Contact of a pet with such an insect is the cause of deformation and other pathologies.
Usually, if the tick is excreted, then the beak grows normal. One way or another, after removing the tick, the beak should be cut, this is required in most cases. You can use a female nail file to grind off sharp edges.
Of course, if you have never performed such a procedure, it is best to seek the help of specialists.
Another disease of the beak of domestic birds is lamination. If the beak flakes in a parrot, this is due to a lack of certain elements in the pet's blood, such as vitamins (A and C), biotin, and pantothenic or folic acid.
It may also indicate a lack of calcium. If so, then the parrot will soften the stratum corneum, which makes it more flexible.
Thus, it is more difficult for a bird to open its mouth and it will be more difficult for it to grab grains of grain feed.
If the separation of the beak is associated with a lack of vitamins or calcium, then the problem is solved by adding these elements to the diet of the parrot. In addition, for a while it will be necessary to plant the bird on a diet, that is, to feed it with exceptionally soft food.
Sometimes stratification can indicate a viral illness - weight loss. In this case, the metabolism changes in the pet’s body, as a result of which the peeling of the beak is not the only problem.
The bird does not open its beak as wide as its surface begins to separate into scales.
In addition, another reason why the chick does not open its mouth as wide as before is the stratification of the upper layers of the structure.
As a result of this, cracks begin to appear in the beak, and in them, in turn, the remains of food will get stuck.
This is fraught with more serious ailments, since such an environment is ideal for the development of infections. To prevent this, such cracks should be cleaned regularly.
Many owners who encounter a similar problem are interested in the question - why does the chick not open its beak to the full? In some cases, this is directly related to the deformation of the beak. It occurs as a result of damage to the beak, that is, an injury, or is a consequence of the disease. If you do not pay attention to this issue for a long time, the life of a parrot can be put at risk.
Sometimes deformation is a congenital pathology. As said earlier, if the chick does not open its beak enough to consume food, then without the help of its owner, it can die even at a very young age. As you understand, there can be no talk of self-eating, therefore, it is necessary to look after the chick and periodically provide it with the necessary help.
It should also be noted that deformation of the beak can be the result of injuries sustained by the bird. The beak halves will not be positioned correctly relative to each other.
And if, as a result of the injury, even deeper injuries occurred, such as hemorrhage, then this can cause the growths.
What to do in such cases? Immediately bring the chick to the veterinarian and treat him, since when the deformation is already noticeable, there will be no special effect from the treatment, the only way out is to constantly adjust the shape of the beak.
Congenital and hereditary pathologies
Diseases of the legs in winged animals can be associated with congenital or hereditary defects.
- signs of deformity, that is, a lack of phalanges of the fingers on the paws, and maybe even whole paws,
- certain violations of the structure of the paws or bones.
The appearance of such pathologies in most cases is associated with diseases of the parents of the chick.
It may be certain infections or a lack of vitamins in the body, but also pathological data can indicate a very poor content.
Perhaps the parents of the chick were fed very poorly, as a result of which their organisms weakened. Or maybe the cause is closely related.
One way or another, the treatment of such chicks will not work. If pathologies are noticed on the legs, then this can be corrected exclusively by surgical intervention. But often such a method is powerless.
Ulcers and growths on the fingertips
Often, owners of winged pets are faced with the problem of the appearance of a growth on or near the paws. Why do they appear? Due to stagnation of blood in the limbs.
As a rule, growths on the legs and near them occur:
- in case of lack of physical activity,
- too uncomfortable poles installed in the bird cage,
- if growths appear on the paws and near them, this may indicate their injury,
- the impact on the limbs of the chick of certain pathogenic microorganisms,
- outgrowths on the paws are caused by a lack of vitamin A in the body of the pet.
But according to experts, such a growth problem usually manifests itself in the case of a combination of several reasons. Since the bird, feeling pain as a result of the growth, will limp to the other extremity, this will cause ulcers on a healthy foot.
As for the treatment of such an ailment, it is usually not fast and rather laborious. First of all, you need to eliminate the cause of the appearance of growths and ulcers.
If this is connected with the perch, then it must be replaced, add the necessary vitamins and minerals to the parrot's diet, to allow the pet to move more around the apartment or house. In any case, you should contact your veterinarian for help, since treatment should be under his control.
If pus forms on the growth, then it can be eliminated exclusively by surgical intervention. Within 10-14 days after surgery, the budgie needs to apply a bandage with a special ointment.
Joint gout occurs in the event of a metabolic disorder in the body of a parrot. This occurs as a result of the accumulation of uric acid and its salt in the joints and tissues of the pelvic limbs.
In such cases, the parrot may have edema of the limb, the bird will not move so briskly because it feels very severe pain.
An accurate diagnosis can only be made if a blood test is taken and an x-ray is taken.
In this case, the veterinarian usually prescribes a comprehensive treatment. Antibiotics will be prescribed, as well as anti-inflammatory drugs, hormonal medications and a certain diet. The diet is prescribed to eliminate the accumulation of uric acid and salt in the tissues of the limbs.
One way or another, the disease of a parrot should not be allowed to drift or engage in self-treatment.
To preserve the life and health of our pet, we strongly recommend that you take the bird to the veterinarian if all of the above diseases occur.
Only a qualified specialist will be able to make the correct diagnosis and prescribe the appropriate treatment, which will contribute to recovery.
Budgies - diseases, treatment
According to veterinary statistics - in 90% of cases of parrot diseases, in this state the owners are to blame for their birds. So, improper conditions for keeping a parrot, an unbalanced diet, a dirty cell - all these are factors that contribute to weakening the immunity of birds, and as a result - factors that favor the development of various diseases.
Budgie paw injuries
There are several types of injuries:
- open or closed fractures,
As a rule, it is possible to cause such an injury to a budgie as a result of careless handling of the bird or the parrot itself can injure itself - often the birds cling to objects with their claws, and in case of a sudden movement, this also causes such injuries to the legs of the parrots.
The injured legs of the parrot are in an unnatural position, redness of the legs, swelling is possible, this condition affects the general well-being of the bird and it becomes apathetic and lethargic, and can refuse food.
What should a parrot owner do? Of course, it is best to seek the advice of a specialist in order to determine the nature of the foot injury - in case it is a dislocation or a fracture - then the foot needs to be fixed correctly, since in case of incorrect growth it will atrophy and the parrot will become crippled.
Also, it is worth paying attention to the diet of a sick parrot - perhaps the bird will have to be fed. It is not worth releasing a sick bird from the cage - this is too much a load for it.
If the parrot refuses to fly even in the cage, try to move food and water as close to it as possible so that the bird can drink and eat when it wants to.
Paraffitic parasitic fluff damage to parrots often occurs when the parrot comes into contact with sick birds or lives in a dirty cage. Such downy-eaters look like small oblong dark lines on the feathers of a parrot, up to 2 millimeters long. They can even be seen with the naked eye - the feathers look like split ones.
Such parasites not only eat the parrot fluff, but also feed on the skin of the bird and very often a bird infected with down-eaters will die without proper treatment.
You can also learn that a parrot is affected by feather-eaters by such characteristic signs as a parrot’s appetite and sleep disturbance, restless behavior, the bird constantly scratches itself with its beak, plumage becomes tousled, and where the feather-eater has already eaten it, the parrot’s skin is visible.
Treatment of puff-eaters is carried out with special sprays for parasites, and cell disinfection is also necessary. After carrying it out, pour medicinal chamomile into the cell pallet - it has antibacterial properties.
Budgerigar caught a cold
It’s actually easy to notice the first signs of a cold - it’s just quite attentive to the health of the bird.
So, if a parrot behaves apathetically, sits choked, often sneezes, there is a discharge from his nose, he often scratches his wax or eyes, shivers run through his body, the parrot refuses food, the bird breathes heavily, it can burp food - your parrot, most likely caught a cold.
Parrot goiter inflammation
A rather insidious disease, which is very difficult to diagnose in the initial stages. Very often, goiter inflammation can be confused with a cold or poisoning. And, if this happens, and the bird is treated for these diseases - the disease of goiter progresses and the bird can die.
The causes of goiter inflammation are called by the veterinarians of poor quality food in the diet of the parrot, inhalation of toxic substances (paint, smoke), poisoning by poisonous plants, poor quality water in the drinker - all this can become an impetus for the development of the inflammatory process of goiter.
The prognosis of goiter inflammation is not comforting. In most cases, the birds die, because the disease in advanced form is no longer treatable. At the initial stages of goiter inflammation, it is recommended to rinse the goiter with tannin using a special catheter that is inserted into the goiter of a sick bird.
The causes of poisoning in budgies are the use of poor quality food, poor water, the use of prohibited foods. Poisoning manifests itself in the following symptoms - vomiting and foam, liquid droppings, refusal of food, general malaise of a parrot.
In the event that these symptoms characterize the state of your parrot, it is recommended to give it absorbents to reduce the level of toxins in its body (you can just give activated charcoal), pour a solution of chamomile medicinal instead of water in the drinker, and if the bird trembles - install an additional lamp for it heating.
If the symptoms of poisoning do not go away within 3 days and at the same time you give the birds absorbents and follow all other recommendations, then the reason for this condition is different.
Neoplasms and tumors in parrots
In parrots very often there are all kinds of neoplasms that can be localized in different parts of the bird's body.
The reasons for the appearance of such tumors may be genetic disorders in the body of a parrot or poor-quality food.
As a rule, if a small parrot is not taken for surgery to remove the tumor, therefore, in this case, the prognosis of the disease is not favorable.
Coccidiosis in parrots
Coccidia are the smallest unicellular parasites that can live on the walls of the intestines and in the kidneys of a parrot. Most often, young birds up to 1 year old are susceptible to this disease.
This disease manifests itself:
- weakened immunity in birds,
- poor appetite
The bird quickly loses body weight, diarrhea and vomiting join the above symptoms, and the bird dies from exhaustion.
The prognosis depends on timely treatment, but if the chick becomes infected, there is little hope of recovery. The course of treatment includes antibiotics and vitamins, but they should be prescribed by a doctor.
Various budgerigar diseases, symptoms and treatment. Diseases of the eyes, beak, paws
You have a wavy parrot - very active and cheerful. He pleases you with his twittering and singing. The feathers are smooth, even slightly shiny. The pet does not sleep long, and even on one paw, and sometimes it seems so gluttonous. You smile back at him, knowing that he is absolutely healthy. But, unfortunately, feathered friends are no less susceptible to various diseases than others.
- Avitaminosis - non-infectious disease, resulting from a lack of vitamins,
- Obesity - due to the frequent consumption of feed with a high content of vegetable fats, this includes hemp seeds, sunflower seeds and nuts,
- Self-plucking - comes from a lack of useful components, the parrot finds for itself tasty ingredients in the feed mixture and eats only them. It is necessary to observe what is eaten faster and the next time reduce the portion. An excess of protein food can also lead to self-pinching. To prevent the parrot from pecking its skin, you can make a funnel-shaped collar from cardboard, which should be worn for about 8 months,
- Feather Dysplasia - young feathers cannot penetrate the skin and grow as if inside, forming an abscess. Treatment is best entrusted to a specialist. Occurs due to a lack of minerals,
- Inflammationgoiter - ingestion of moldy or rancid grain, sometimes in the case of ingestion of small foreign objects that are not digested. Goiter increases, itching, diarrhea with mucus, general loss of strength,
- Gout - from overfeeding. The parrot becomes lethargic, now peppy, now eats, then stops, drinks a lot, diarrhea appears. White nodules with reddish veins form on the joints and tendons of the legs. If this happens within two days, contact your veterinarian,
- Diarrhea - digestive disorders when microbes and fungi enter the feed. Enter charcoal and phthalazole in the diet, but cabbage and salad should be excluded.
In general, parakeets are almost not affected by dangerous eye diseases. Most often in birds Conjunctivitis - The symptoms of such a disease can be seen immediately: the eyes become cloudy, tears or even pus appear, redness of the skin around the eyes and eyelids.
The danger is that the inflammatory process can go into the respiratory tract. The reasons are commonplace - tobacco smoke and dust. Eyes should be washed carefully with tea and eye drops should be used (for people).
If the parrot is no longer young, then it may come total blindness, for no apparent reason. Usually it provokes a brain tumor that affects the optic nerve. Unfortunately, here the treatment will not help.
Scabies mite. The incubation period of such a disease is quite long, so even if you examine all the birds in the store before choosing a feathered pet, the disease can come to light later.
Symptoms - the appearance of growths and itching in undecorated areas, usually on the beak and paws. The growth is worth seeing through a magnifier. In its porous structure, it is similar to pumice. It is necessary to examine the eyelids and cesspool. For processing the skin of a parrot is suitable aversectin ointment.
It must be applied very carefully with a thin layer every 2 to 3 days until the growths completely disappear. A cell and everything in it is washed with hot water with potassium permanganate. The apartment is also well handled.
Diseases dangerous to humans
- Chlamydia - manifested by diarrhea, discharge from the eyes and nose, the parrot begins to cough violently. Did not notice on time, the parrot will die. Human infection occurs by inhalation of bacteria in the litter. The incubation period is 10-14 days. Symptoms are similar to flu,
- Salmonellosis - manifested by profuse diarrhea. The incubation period is 12 to 36 hours. Most often, birds die. A person has a very strong weakness. A course of antibiotics is required for 3 weeks,
- Arizonaosis - It affects young parrots. The feathered pet becomes very weak, exhaustion occurs within 36 hours. The disease, with timely treatment is not dangerous for a person and his pet,
- Tuberculosis - The most serious disease in which there is a strong enlargement of the lymph nodes. You can get it through water or food. It can be transmitted to a person through fluff from a molting parrot. Unfortunately, the infected bird is subject to destruction.
For normal growth and development, feathered pets need a balanced diet with vitamins. So, vitamin A found in carrots, necessary for the eyes. Calcium - chalk, pure crushed shell, calcium gluconate tablets, it is better to add vitaminD for digestibility. Iron is found in grain.
For a balanced protein, you need to use 6 types of seeds. During molting, parrots need vitamin C. But, in order not to guess what is best to give, choose the right food. Essential minerals are contained in the mixture. RIO. Get mineral stones for parrots.
To increase immunity, you can use BeapharMauserTropfen. Vitamin Complex Recommended VitaSolMultiVitamin. Do not give vitamins with a mixture, granules, in the form of sticks, a large amount of which can lead to an overdose.
Good quality food with a pleasant smell without moisture and mold. Grains that can germinate, clean drinking water without sediment, a clean cage in a warm room - the key to a long and happy life of your budgerigar.