DESCRIPTION. Squat, powerful dog of medium height 51-61 cm, weight 38-45 kg. The head is wide, large. The eyes are small, light or dark brown. Ears set high, rounded at the ends, fit snugly to the head. The chest is wide and round, the physique is more voluminous and strong than other hounds. The tail is thick at the base, gradually tapering towards the end, held below the hock. The coat is short, thick, and adherent. Color can be red-red in various shades with a black coating on the ends of the hair and a mask on the face.
HISTORY. Hannover in Upper Saxony is the birthplace of the Hanover Hound breed by blood trail. The Hanover Hound descended directly from medieval bloodhounds, whose ancestors were Celtic dogs. Among flocking marriages, the bloodhounds had the most calm disposition and possessed the best flair. Their task was to track large game, usually of one species, but they were also used to hunt wild boars, wolves and bears. With the development of small arms, the need for such dogs gradually disappeared, and other hounds were needed that could look for shot game on the blood track
. Usually, the hunt began with a flock of these slow hounds to unravel the tracks, after which the baton was taken by lighter and faster hounds. To develop the persecution instinct and the ability to follow the trail loudly, the dogs were crossed with red Hanover meadow marriages, as a result, the Hanover hound, which has existed as we know it for over 200 years, was bred. Now Hanover hounds are used mainly for tracing and they are valued for their excellent unmistakable flair.
USING. Among other hunting dogs, this breed is considered a cool specialist, in particular in the work on the blood trail of a large beast. Dogs are trained on the trail of a healthy beast, so that they acquire the ability to navigate according to the individual smell of the animal and subsequently can confidently work on very old blood traces. So that dogs do not lose this ability, they should be regularly involved in the appropriate work, therefore, they can only be recommended for hunters who really have the opportunity to use them as hunting dogs.
CHARACTERISTIC. Like the bloodhound, it is a complacent and peaceful hound, very patient and, of course, with a noble character. The somewhat squat, muscular body of the Hanover hound suggests that dogs are very sturdy. With a calm, friendly disposition, the Hanover hound can also be a pleasant family friend. Short, stiff, close-fitting coat does not require special care.
4. Blood Hounds
For a long time, even before the use of firearms, in Europe two large breeds of dogs were used to hunt large ungulates, one of which was to find and stop the beast, and the second to look for the wounded animal in its blood trail. The use of firearms radically altered the shape of this hunt and the use of two special breeds lost their need. The crossing of these breeds with each other and the undoubted infusion of the blood of the English dishonound in the future led to the appearance of two independent breeds: the Hanoverian and Bavarian hounds.
Trail hounds working on a blood trail, after patient and prolonged training, look for a wounded red beast (deer, doe, roe deer, etc.), as well as a wild boar. During work, they must adhere to only one trace, without switching to others, possibly more recent, to solve various tricks of the pursued beast and tirelessly pursue it along the “cold”, cooled track even after 20 hours, and sometimes more.
Hannover Track Dog (Hannoverscher SchweiBhund)
The Hanoverian dog was bred by crossing several breeds that were used to search by blood track, bred in different princely courts of Germany at that time. Although when breeding this breed little attention was paid to beauty, picking up pairs only on the grounds of greatest productivity, yet the Hanover dog is beautifully and harmoniously folded. It received its name in honor of the Hanoverian princely court, where this breed was formed. It concentrates all the properties that a dog must possess in order to find a wounded beast. She has an exceptionally subtle sense of smell, which allows her to distinguish the individual smell of each track and to pursue only that beast, on the track of which she was started up. Calm, balanced, with great hunting passion, spite for the beast, able to stop the wounded deer and keep it in place until the hunter comes up. The Second World War had a very detrimental effect on the breeding of Hanover dogs, which are still not fully restored. In Czechoslovakia there are only a few copies, moreover, in most cases, closely related to each other.
Characteristic. The Hanover dog is a German hunting breed of medium height, bred in the Hanover Egerhof, Harz and Zolling, pedigree types of these dogs exist today. General form. Medium or below average height, powerful, squat dog, extended format. Height. Males 55 cm - females up to 50 cm.
Head. Medium, wide in the cranial part. The forehead is slightly convex, wrinkled. The occipital protuberance is poorly developed. The transition from the forehead to the muzzle is smooth, but noticeable. The superciliary arches are distinct. The muzzle approaches the length of the forehead. When viewed from the side, a straight or slightly hunchbacked parallel to the forehead line. In front, the muzzle is dull with moist, drooping lips and strongly pronounced bruises, wide at the nose, and tapering towards the eyes. The nose is wide (wider than other breeds) black, brown or dark "meat" color.
Ears, Hanging, low set, a little more than medium length, very wide, rounded from the bottom, smooth and without twisting and creases, tight, full width adjacent to the cheekbones, they do not form folds when lifting the head.
Eyes. Dark, directly set, small, with dry eyelids, with an attentive and energetic expression, without red corners.
Neck. Long, thick, low set, slightly expanding towards the shoulders. The skin is thick, moist, but it does not form a strongly hanging fold (suspension).
Torso. The withers are not pronounced. The back is long, the loin is wide and slightly convex, the croup is slightly sloping. The chest is wide, deep, long, the stomach is slightly and gradually tightened.
Forelimbs. Thicker than the rear, scapula obliquely set, very loose and mobile. The muscles of the shoulders are well developed. The forearms are straight or slightly curved, with strong muscles. The wide metacarpus is directly set.
Hind limbs. Hips of moderate length with well-developed muscles, legs long, obliquely set. Metatarsus almost straight.
Paws Rough, round, with tightly closed fingers, nails strong, pads large and stiff.
Tail. High set, long, reaches at least to the middle of the metatarsus, at the base thick and gradually tapering, almost straight, on the underside with longer and stiffer hair, which, however, do not form the so-called. brushes, keeps mainly obliquely downward.
Wool. Thick and dense, smooth and elastic with a matte sheen.
Color. Gray-brown, on the muzzle, ears and near the eyes black-brown bordering, red-yellow or brown with black, brindle. In most cases, with a dark shade on the face, near the eyes and ears and with a dark stripe along the ridge.
Vices and shortcomings. Narrow, high cranial, part, rectangular or pointed muzzle with too narrow nose bridge. Too long with creases or narrow ears. Thin front legs, strongly curved humerus and forearm, paws with a size like a dachshund, too short, thin, curved or high tail. Shortened format with high legs, high front. No white or yellow markings are allowed in the color.
Bavarian Track Dog (Bayrischer GebirgsschweiBhund)
Bavarian track dog, younger and smaller sister of the Hanover track dog (der Hannoversche SchweiBhund). However, as a breed it is not one of the youngest, its standard was drawn up in 1883 and has not essentially changed since. In the Bavarian Alps, local hunters have long bred light marriages that were used to locate a wounded beast. These dogs were more suitable for difficult mountainous areas than heavy dogs - Hanover bloodhounds. Therefore, only a little blood of the Hanoverian bloodhound was added to them to enhance their excellent hunting qualities, and then, by further purebreeding, the current type of Bavarian bloodhound (trail dog) was formed. The Bavarian dog has largely supplanted its Hanoverian relative. At work in highlands, she is in no way inferior to him, and even surpasses him in her greater mobility and endurance. This dog shows literally fantastic results when searching for wounded animals. Therefore, it is not surprising that in Czechoslovakia it is incomparably more common than Hanoverian.
General form. A lighter, very mobile and muscular dog of medium size: the height of the dogs at the withers never exceeds 50 cm, and the females 45 cm. The body is somewhat stretched. The Bavarian dog is somewhat squat and tall.
Head. The upper part of the head is relatively wide and not too heavy, with a convex forehead. Transition from forehead to muzzle with some ledge. The superciliary arches are well developed. The muzzle is not too long and not too sharp. The nose is black or dark "meat" color. The upper lip covers the lower jaw, but it is not very saggy and not moist. The corners of the lower lips are well defined. The ears. Somewhat more than average length, heavy, set high with a wide base, smoothly adjacent to the cheekbones, without twisting, rounded at the bottom.
Eyes. Set straight, not too large, oval in shape, with dry eyelids, dark brown or a lighter shade. Neck. Medium length, dry and powerful.
Torso. The back is not too short, but very strong. The loin is wide, with well-developed muscles, slightly convex. The croup is long, with a slight slope towards the tail. The chest is not very wide, but deep and long, with long, false ribs directed far to the groins. The stomach is slightly tightened. Forelimbs. Obliquely set shoulder blades, long humerus. Forearm with strong
the bones are massive, but not coarse. When viewed from the front, they are completely straight, with well-developed muscles. Metacarpus with slight slope.
Hind limbs. The hips are very wide and long. Relatively long, oblique tibia. Metatarsus is erect, perpendicular to the surface of the earth. When viewed from behind the legs should be parallel, the hock joints are not brought together and are not turned out.
Tail. Of medium length, reaching approximately to the hocks, thinning from the base. Keeps horizontally or down, covered on the sides with thicker wool. Paws Oval, not too thick, with strong fingers tightly compressed into a lump. Well developed claws of black or horn color.
Coat. The coat is thick, tight-fitting, harsh with a faint shine, thinner on the head and ears and coarser on the abdomen and hips. On the back of the thighs is stiff.
Color. Dark red, deer red, reddish brown, reddish yellow, fawn yellow and grayish brown, tan, tan. On the back of red dogs, the main background is in most cases more intense. The muzzle, ears, and also the back and tail are often dark tiger.
Vices and shortcomings. Short format, high front, legs too long or too short, twisted humerus and forearm. Loose fingers and long, flat paws, leg and metacarpus markings, sagging back, weak lower back, short or strongly sloping croup, substituted hind legs, proximity of hock joints or barrel-shaped hind legs. A barrel-shaped rib cage, a pointed head with a sharp muzzle, too pointed ears with wrinkled ears, flesh-colored nose, moist eyelids and therefore eyes with a border and an open mucous membrane. Bright yellow or greenish eyes. A short, thick neck, brushing overgrown, raised up or even a curled tail. It is imperative to cull dogs with bent (rickety) and too thin bones. Deficiency is considered underdeveloped muscles, too tender, rare coat, snack and overshot. If there are dewclaws, they need to be removed promptly in the first days of the puppy's life. As for the color, any other color than the ones listed above, in particular the black color with red marks on the head and legs, as is the case with dachshunds and marriages, is unacceptable, White marks on the chest are also unacceptable. However, a small white spot on the chest should not disqualify the dog.