The book is an excellent guide that combines theoretical knowledge, practical experience and confidence in success in the preparation of young horses. Dr. Klimke understands the training of a young horse not only from the point of view of a trainer rider. He tries as clearly as possible to show that a properly trained and educated horse serves the development of its natural inclinations, regardless of whether this horse will be further used as a horse for runs, for competitions or for dressage.
The text of the book is clearly and clearly worded, so that it will be equally useful to both the young rider and the experienced trainer and breeder who ride their horses themselves.
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|Series:||Planet of horses|
|Interpreter:||Shepetievsky, A., Pulinets, V.S.|
|Dimensions:||13.00 cm x 20.00 cm|
|Format:||200.00mm x 125.00mm x 11.00mm|
|In the database:||AQUARIUM Plosh. Klimke Dressage young sports horse. From raising a foal to the first competition|
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How to train a horse to carry on the back of a rider.
A horse is essentially a shy animal. When a rider sits on her, she begins to feel discomfort from the fact that the extra weight is perceived by her as a hindrance. The worse the rider sits in the saddle, the more he scares the horse with his actions.
When a horse is accustomed to various loads and calls in, first of all, it is accustomed to a saddle and a bridle. The more correct and calmer the race is, the calmer the horse will be afterwards. In the first moments when the horse is just getting used to the saddle, you need to approach it carefully and carefully so as not to frighten the animal with your actions. The horses have an excellent memory and any mistake made once by chance will be returned to the rider with regular constancy. When a horse drives badly or incorrectly, these errors are very difficult to correct in the future.
Accustomizing a horse to ammunition should begin in the environment familiar to the horse — in a stall or stall.
It is best to accustom a horse to a saddle and a bridle to the person who initially looks after her, to whom she is accustomed and trusts. At the moment of the first saddle, when for the first time a saddle is placed on the horse’s back, it must be reassured by stroking and patting the neck, to make it clear that nothing terrible is happening. The whole procedure is best done with an assistant.
Riding a horse, you need to remember that in no case should you tighten the cinch in the first stages of a race. According to the rules, all extra belts and stirrups are removed from the saddle and, as they get used to it, they are fastened back.
During the brood period of the saddled horse, you need to drive it on the cord and carefully monitor how it behaves under the saddle, whether tension has appeared. It will be seen how she relates to what is on her back. If after a saddle a horse will hesitantly leave the stable, nervously stepping over and restraining his fear, then you should never sit on such a horse.
In the future, if there is tension when the rider is landing in the saddle, you need to try to get rid of him, chasing the horse in a circle and working on the cord until the tightness is gone.
It must be remembered that when you sit on a young horse, you must act with extreme caution each time. It is advisable to work with a partner, always ask to help him in any situation incomprehensible to the horse.
After the rider sat in the saddle, the assistant must lead the animal and in a gentle voice, stroking, drive it to complete calm.
When a rider sits on a young horse, he must have experience, patience and caution. As a rule, calm horses with proper handling quickly understand and get used to riding under the saddle.
When riding, it is necessary for the rider to sit on the horse calmly and correctly, trying not to make unnecessary movements, sending the horse on a shortened trot, helping her restore her balance. Under load on the back of a young horse, an imbalance can occur, so proper work and the right weight will help her recover faster.
All tension and stiffness will disappear after the muscular balance, caused by the imbalance, is restored.
It is advisable that the young horse work in the arena with the old trained horses. This calms and guides the trained animal in the right direction.
After you have just saddled a young horse, you should immediately start moving. When a horse is standing, as a rule, at first the load is not pleasant for her, but later on it moves when moving.
If the horse began to move evenly and calmly while walking, this indicates that the first stage of the race has been completed.
The most important thing in training a young horse is the rider’s correct fit, calm handling, gentle voice, patting and stroking. A correct understanding of the horse affects the animal at the time of dressing better than any shankel and forward sentence.
In order to avoid mistakes, it should be remembered that each incorrect action with your hands pushes learning one step back. You should also not overexert the horse with movement, constant transitions from lynx to step and from step to lynx. Too long a ride is bad for a young horse.
When training young horses, one should not try to lighten her hind legs by lifting in the saddle and leaning forward.
Improper fit will bother the horse. If a rider sits on a horse enslaved - this is an indicator that he still lacks skill and it is better to abandon the race himself and entrust this to an experienced master.
Attention inexperienced riders. You are strictly forbidden to call young horses.
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… It takes three months to ride a horse. In this case, only kaptsung is used on the cord. We consider it our duty to preserve the horse’s sensitive mouth. We do not allow testing of negative experience at such an early stage of training. What do we pay attention to during a horse ride?
First, the rider is in the saddle when the horse is lying on the cord. Gradually, he begins to exert influence with schenkels. Contrary to the modern equestrian approach, we adhere to Bauche’s opinion regarding the need to “act as an excuse, stop acting on the contrary with shankels ...”. When we act with the shankel, we should not tighten the motive and restrain momentum.
We do not give the body of the horse the desired position with the help of the bridle, and even more so of various auxiliary means. The horseman uses a lightweight lynx until the horse has developed the necessary muscles.
Work with a young horse
For us, the word dressage means achieving balance and momentum. During dressage of a young horse, the center of gravity shifts forward. But subsequently, for proper collection, a shift of the center of gravity to the rear of the case is necessary. And for this, it is not enough just to strengthen the hind legs under the body. It is important to correct the problem of the "curvature" of the horse. That is, the transfer of her weight on one shoulder and the lateral position of the rear of the hull. It is important to solve this problem for the correct raising of the horse in the collected gallop. In the course of training, many other problems are solved.
As a result, the four-legged athlete, performing training exercises, becomes more beautiful, more confident, he develops the necessary muscles. To achieve this, we use a system of gymnastic exercises. The main ones are lateral movements and piaffe. Moreover, when performing lateral movements, the horse should maintain a uniform forward movement, but should not rush. Best of all, when she moves smoothly and rhythmically. Once mastered these exercises, you can proceed to the development of the remaining elements. Pure performance, such as serpentine, is impossible without good momentum and flexibility.
Important in the learning process is a constant analysis of the work done. To be a good horse educator, you need to be able to perfectly recognize the asymmetry and unevenness of the horse's movements, and also be able to correct them. Only then is successful training possible ...
... If you use a capsule, it should never be tight and tight on the horse’s head. A minimum of two fingers should fit freely between the button capsule and the nose of the horse. It should not obstruct the horse's mouth movements. Horses often throwing over iron and sticking out their tongues to one side fall into our training. Often they try to solve this problem by tightening the capsules tightly. But the problem is not solved in this way. She only disguises herself. The horse resists, in particular, due to a tight back and muscle weakness. With the solution to this problem, the language problem is also removed. The correct position of the head is achieved by training the back and back of the body.
It is important to maintain the ease and harmony of movement in all phases of training. If the four-legged student refuses to do the work, then the bar of his abilities is overestimated. Then it would be logical to give in to him and take a step back.
At the beginning of any activity, it is important to warm up the horse on the step. The usual sequence of studying elements is as follows: first, lateral movements on the step, lateral movements on the trot. Piaffe. After - the Spanish step and, finally, the passage. All elements must first be unlearned uniformly, calmly and measuredly. No pace acceleration. The next, more advanced stage includes a countergallop, gallop raises from a step, maneuver gallop, lateral gallop movements, a leg change, pirouettes, and the resumption of forward movement after passage.
Landing and training of trainers
I would like to note that the basis of riding is the flexibility and proper fit of the rider. Deficiencies in this direction cannot be compensated for by anything.
We must focus our attention not only on the correct training of the horse and rider, but, first of all, on the education of specialists, because, for example, only two to three years of professional education is not enough time. If more educated, professional and understanding educators and trainers appear, then sport will probably be able to get closer to the classics in order to merge into a single horse-bearing kind of training - a good dressage ... ”
Horse Dressage Anja Beran. Translation by Natalia Naumenko
About the occasion
“The definition of classical riding: this is an opportunity, with the help of good exercises, logically structured and based on the natural laws of balance and harmony, to train a horse to obey the rider, being contented and confident, without any damage to his natural and consistent movements” .
“In order to stop thinking that it is first necessary to work on the position of the horse’s neck and head, it is fundamentally important how you keep the motive. In terms of motive, one must learn the highest degree of delicacy and respect. As for its length, watch out for the signals the horse makes. In other words, it is necessary to build on the length of her neck.
Landing and occasion
Sit straight, elbows pressed to the sides, forearm freely falling down. An important role is played by the shoulders. Are you tense? Do you slouch? Now, staying in this position, pick up an occasion until you feel soft contact with the horse's mouth. Now you do not limit the neck of the horse and sit at the expense of the seat, and not hands.
In contrast, many riders lean forward, randomly take a pretext, and then sit upright, pulling the horse's head to themselves and unnaturally shortening its neck. This entails the first signs of resistance.
Contact is not created by the rider’s hand looking for the horse’s mouth, but by the horse going to the rider’s hand.
The general rule says that first of all you need to focus on the fit and legs, and perceive your hands as a useful accessory. Always try to keep in your hand no more than the weight of the occasion. Engage in dialogue with the horse’s mouth at the most subtle level. Never carry the horse’s head in your hands. Then the horse falls to the front, which is harmful to her health. The horse's mouth is holy! Learn softness.
Impact by Occasion
Some riders, as soon as they find themselves in the saddle, briefly gain an occasion and begin to alternately pull on the left and right occasion, bending their neck. This makes it impossible for the horse to react subtly. On the contrary, in this case, the sensitivity of the horse is dulled from the very beginning. Do not do this, respect the horse! Treat the horse with feeling, be gentle and polite towards her. This is the guarantee of the same attitude on her part towards you. Many horses do not have the ability to react sensitively to commands, as powerful controls immediately fall upon them. Once having violated this “fine tuning” with a clumsy ride, it will be extremely difficult, if not hardly possible, to return to it again.
As for the impact of the motive, as well as other controls: start with their easiest application, strengthen it as necessary and return to lightness again. This is civilized riding! ”
Excerpt from Classical Schooling with the Horse in Mind
Working Methods Ani Beran
“On horseback, a four-year-old horse at Beran runs for 5-7 minutes a day for several months. Then the work increases to 10 minutes. Already trained and muscular horses work for 25-30 minutes under the saddle. In no case should horses work every day, as Anya says.
.... The horse works on a sagging occasion, all signals are invisible to the third eye, this is an easy game of fingers.
Classics pay tremendous attention to horse gymnastics. This is where the lesson begins. Gymnastics. First a step, then a trot. All gymnastics is done in volts, from gymnastics the horse becomes very sensitive, reacts to the slightest movement of the rider’s seat. Anya and her students do not touch the horse with either arms or legs. The work is very delicate, light and relaxed ... ..
“Horses in dressage do not have the correct piaffe and passage. The secret of piaffe is a shorter step. And at the piaffe, and at the passage, the horse should move up, forward and down. In sports dressage, horses move only up and down due to the rough and improper operation of the rider. In addition, in sports dressage, horses go to the passage and piaffe with sunken and squeezed backs. In no case shall a passage be placed on the principle of restraining a horse with iron. ”
Important to praise the horse
... Anya Beran praises horses a lot. She never punishes them, never works with them for 1.5-2 hours. She does not create stress for them.And being on the back of a horse does not interfere with movement. The hands of the classics are kept bent at the elbows (pressed to the body, but not close), as close to each other and in front of the saddle. That is, no dilutions to the sides and work on the hips. All movements begin very smoothly, gently and delicately. Mouthpiece headband Anya puts on horses no earlier than 6-7 years ....
“By nature, horses do not know how to make different elements, to assemble for a long time. It is difficult for them to bend and hold their body like that. It is difficult for them to carry a rider without possessing developed muscles. Imagine how stupid and cruel it is to spin a horse with various additional controls (interchanges, sliding reins, gog, etc.), trying to teach her to keep her body in this position. How stupid it is to drive a horse's body into a frame that it is not physically capable of holding by the strength of its own muscles. The horse begins to hate you and work. She is constantly uncomfortable or hurt. Why not prepare a horse without any auxiliary means, gradually developing the strength and elasticity of its muscles? ”- Anya Beran
... Classics are very protective of the sensitivity of the horse's mouth and horse's back. Classics don’t ride in gaiters and boots to feel the horse with their legs, and the horse felt their legs. Classic horses ideally respond to the slightest movements and equilibrium shifts of the rider's body.
On the "release of vapors" and "extortion" of young horses
No one here suffers. The young horse is cuddled for about 10 minutes on a cord on the cave, then it is gymnastic for a long time in its hands, then the rider sits down. Then steps in the street. General work with a horse of any age does not exceed 40 minutes. Lusitano work every day, because these are horses that need work. In very rare cases, work with a horse reaches an hour. As a rule, these are cases of some serious problems. A horse is enough for 20-40 minutes to explain and fix something. And also leave enough space for motivation for the next lesson. Horses leave training very peaceful and satisfied with themselves.
Stallions sometimes jump simply in the form of gymnastic leaps and variety in work. Field trips are also practiced. In their case, these are hills and fields. Anya and her students make the ascents only in steps. However, in general, they take walks in nature exclusively as a step ....
.... Chew a horse can be different. It very much depends on the breed, temperament and previous work. For example, bullfighting horses are so temperamental that when chewing, some representatives can clatter their teeth.
It is bad when a horse clenches its teeth and does not chew. This means her tightness in the back and neck. It is also very bad when a horse chews nervously with its neck pulled up. This is often found in jumping thoroughbreds. They chew from nerves and at the same time enslave their neck and back. With such chewing, the horse follows the snaffle. Strengthening the assumptions in working with such a horse is useless, because most likely the horse will be carried forward or backward in response to the shenkel. With such horses Anya has been working in her arms for several weeks on lateral movements. Assignment backwards by volt. At first, these horses rush around a man, but then gradually lengthen the step. With lengthening of a step automatically lower a nose down and relax. The most correct thing is when the horse chews quietly with a loose elastic neck.
“In sports, when a horse’s mouth is tightened with a capsule or“ snot ”, the horse begins to drool. Athletes say that the horse chews. In fact, a horse simply cannot swallow saliva. It's very bad for a horse, ”says Anya.
About the promise
... Unlike sports dressage, in the classics no one sends a horse at every pace and generally does not support gait. They give the subtlest command and the horse executes it until they give another. In sport, you need to send the horse at every pace or periodically maintain movement, because there is a simultaneous impact with a schenkel and an occasion. In the classic, this is contraindicated. "Hand without a foot or foot without a hand" Boche.
... What signal does Anna use for piaffering? “I tighten my stomach and slightly lean my shoulders back. Stomach tension for my horses is a command to move forward. "Shoulders back - they know that it is necessary to slightly upset."
The leg for sending in the piaffe is not used. Anya Beran uses her leg to climb the passage, and then with her foot (or rather, shrinking the muscles of the lower leg), she only tells the horse which leg to start the passage with. The message itself is also carried out by the corps.
“All sports work is fundamentally wrong. The horses are very tight, everyone is behind the occasion. Sporting pirouettes at a gallop - riders simply rearrange their hands in front of the horse. The whole sport is built on pulling and pushing, causing resistance to the horse. enslaved and unnatural movements. Passage in sport is set out of trot reduction, which leads to a block of the horse’s back. For some reason, athletes do not want to see this, ”says Anya.
Dressage is based on spectacular movements such as added trot, taking. How disastrous such movements are for non-gymnastic horses, no one thinks.
Admissions in dressage are made on the added trot On more added than in the classics. It looks impressive and impulsive, but if you work so constantly, it leads to enslavement of the back.
But what about the classics?
In the classics, the adoption is done on a short collected trot, over time, slightly expanding the scope. Menka of the legs learns through a countergallop. Piaffe learns from the assembled step, the passage from the Piaffe. The added lynx learns from the added passage. Acceptance at the passage looks very impressive.
Anya treats her students very politely, calmly and delicately. As with horses. If something works out well, she says: "Very good!" When something turns out good, he says: “Not bad.” If the student screwed up and something did not work out, she says: “Not a problem. We’ll try again. ”Trainings are held to classical music.
Mostly all work during training is a bunch of lateral ones, along volts and walls. I was surprised by the fact that Anna’s horses piaffet and ride with 4.5 years old if they get to her at 4 years old. Piaffe and the passage are used as excellent gymnastic exercises, and not as an end in itself. Piaffe perfectly strengthens and trains back muscles. During the lessons, Anya feeds tons of sugar, encourages horses for every millimeter in the right direction. Everything learns very gradually, calmly and measuredly.
I also noticed that they never ride an added trot with a training trot. Only lite. When asked why, Anya replied: “Piaffe gives horseback power, and the added trot requires this force. The added trot is an unnatural gait for a horse. Therefore, we try to make the exercise as easy as possible for the horse. ”
During operation, it is important to constantly keep moving forward, and this is by no means speed. The main principles of the classics are relaxation, rhythm, straightforwardness and forward movement. Frequent change of tasks makes the horse extremely attentive and the horse is interesting to practice. At the beginning of the training of a young horse or re-education of an elderly, it is important to get at least some reaction to your action. Classics only encourage teamwork, thereby creating the perfect discipline.
What still struck me was the gentle work of a spur. This is just touching the side of the horse for a team on some element. Touch once.
By the way the horse walks, you can determine what it had in the past and how it worked. The foot pads indicate improper and forced work, which means that the horse put his feet very hard, “stuck” it into the ground with his feet. She was carrying too much stress for her age or size. ”
Riding is a dance
“Horseback riding is a dance,” says Anya Beran. “Therefore, everything needs to be done with great respect for the partner. Your partner is a horse, respect her. After all, when you dance with someone, you don’t get into a fight with him. ”
“... Many riders begin to pull on young horses on occasion. take it, give it back. This is the wrong way. The horse itself will take the pretext, no “pretexts” are required. The basis for pace and rhythm is to straighten the horse. As soon as the horse can go straight, it will become at a pace and will go rhythmically.
Take many breaks at work, moving down and forward at the beginning and at the end of the lesson. Down and forward it makes sense to do several circles. This is not a situation in which a horse should be kept for a long time. This will drop the horse in front. Down and forward is a test position to verify the correct operation. Down and forward, and then again short work on the muscles.
... Never tighten the capsule. a young horse can play with his tongue, this is normal, this is not a problem. Do not wear the snaffle too low, do not forget that the teeth of a young horse change, which can also affect work. Trenzel should not be too thick and should not touch fangs. Better then lower the iron a little lower.
... At the very beginning of work, the horses work in very easy contact. They are not touched by an occasion practically at all, designating only turns and stops. Horses run, moving their neck freely in different directions, raising their heads. Anya says that is normal. With the help of a free neck and head, the horse seeks its balance. As soon as the back muscles are strengthened a little, the horse herself will seek contact with the occasion. This will happen by itself and gradually. As you progress in work and in the physical development of the horse. The horse begins to look for motive and contact on lateral movement. Also on the side, the horse begins to chew, as it begins to relax and work with its back ... "
Ani Beran Workshop Reports 2011 and 2013 Posted by Vlada (Ukraine)