Mongolische Rennmaus (German)
Grade: Mammalia (Mammals)
Subclass: Theria (Viviparous mammals, real animals)
Infraclass: Placentalia (Placental, Higher Beasts)
Suborder / Order: Glires (Rodent)
Order / Order: Rodentia (Rodents)
Suborder / Order: Myomorpha (Mouse-like)
Superfamily: Muroidea (Mouse-like) Family: Muridae (Mouse)
Subfamily: Gerbillinae (Gerbils, gerbils)
View: Meriones unguiculatus (Mongolian gerbil)
They live in Asia, in desert areas, in particular in the Northern deserts and dry steppes of East Asia, in the middle of Mongolia, as well as in the Russian Federation - in Tuva and South and East Transbaikalia.
Body length up to 20 cm
Weight about 150 grams.
Eyes large, pointed muzzle, large ears.
Tail pubescent, at the tip of the hair elongated.
Color the backs are solid, sandy in color (mimicry), under the eyes, on the cheeks and behind the ears are light spots.
Sexual dimorphism pronounced, males are larger than females.
Friendly and friendly to people and animals.
Well tamed, easy to make contact.
Get along well with each other.
The males are pugnacious, two males should not be kept together.
It is better to keep gerbils in groups of two individuals, the cage for them should be from 50 to 30 by 40 cm, it is better to use special cages with a plastic bottom and a metal top, since gerbils love to dig substrate and are very dirty. As a substitute, it is better to use corn or wood fillers, separately you need to put a container with sand for swimming. Need a wheel and a house. The wheel is preferably solid to avoid tail injuries. A cage with gerbils can be cleaned every 3-4 weeks, sand changed every 3 to 4 days.
Life span an average of 3 years.
Outside, gerbils feed on seeds, various accessible vegetation, and small insects.
At home, the basis of the diet of gerbils should be high-quality grain mix - the choice of feed in pet stores is very large, it is better to take imported feed. You can add dried gammarus, slices of carrots, apples, pears, lettuce, corn, beets, greens and dandelion flowers, cucumbers to the feed. You also need to add hay to the cage. It is advisable to pamper animals and live insects.
Gerbils should not be given food from the human table.
Gerbils are clean and unpretentious, almost not smell.
They can live in a small cage.
Wild gerbils can carry a disease dangerous to humans - tularemia, they are not recommended to be kept at home.
They store hay and grass, collecting it in the likeness of stacks.
The cage must be strong, as gerbils gnaw it strongly.
Obesity is common - gerbils cannot be overfed and kept in cramped cells, they suffer from a lack of movement.
Ectoparasites - ticks - can be found - they are successfully excreted with the help of a drop of the frontline at the withers. Symptoms of tick damage - itching, scratching, hair loss.
The male can constantly live with the female, he also does not touch the cubs. Pregnancy in a female lasts about 23 days, from 4 to 4 cubs in a litter. They grow fast enough, their ears and eyes open at 14 days, a little later they begin to eat on their own, then they are seated on the floor.