Basenji dogs are some of the oldest on earth. The native land of this native breed is Central Africa. There, in the rainforests stretching along the banks of the mighty Congo River, the basenji man tamed for centuries served the local tribes as corral dogs - they helped track and drive game. By the way, in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, basenji is still used for hunting, and they live like old animals in small flocks next to a person.
The beauty and friendly nature of the basenji was appreciated not only by African hunters, in the tombs of the Egyptian pharaohs there are images of these dogs, several basenji mummies that belonged to the rulers of Ancient Egypt, for example, Tutankhamun, were preserved. There is a version that the basenji served the pharaohs as a charm from evil spells and witchcraft.
By the way, these dogs have a mystical meaning in their homeland in Central Africa. Basenji were also known in Nubia (the ancient name of Sudan), whose images were found by archaeologists in ancient tombs. But Europeans became acquainted with these African dogs only at the end of the 19th century. And this acquaintance was tragic - several Basenji dogs that African explorers brought to the UK quickly died - their immunity was not ready to fight off Old World infections. And only in the 30s of the twentieth century, the first basenji took root in the UK. In 1937, they were first shown at the exhibition as a "forest dog from Congo." In the same year, basenji was first shown at an exhibition in the USA under the name "Congo Terrier," but only after World War II did full-fledged dog breeding begin in the kennels of the USA and Europe.
Cheerful and energetic Basenjis have conquered people all over the world, and in 1964 the International Kennel Federation approved the official standards of these amazing African barking dogs. The inability to bark is a distinctive feature of the basenji, although the dog has vocal chords and is capable of both growling, howling, and whining, but these dogs do not make the barking sound characteristic of all its relatives. The exact reasons for this behavior are unknown to the dog handlers; most likely, experts associate the dog’s unwillingness to bark with the dog’s original purpose - to track and drive game in tropical forests. Perhaps barking hindered a successful hunt, and gradually the need for it completely disappeared. But this is only a hypothesis.
Basenji is a small-sized, graceful-looking dog, elegant and full of grace, which in its appearance resembles a gazelle. It has a proportionally built trunk, a straight back, a moderately wide and deep chest with clearly defined ribs, its short lumbar region and lower line turn into a noticeable waist. The tail is tightly twisted over the tailbone and fits snugly to the thigh with a single or double revolution.
The head is raised high and sits on a long, beautifully curving neck. The skull is flat, of medium width, tapering from the eyes to the nose. The foot is small. The eyes are almond-shaped, located slightly obliquely, framed by a dark eyelid. Ears set high, small, erect, slightly inclined forward. The nose is black. The jaw and mouth are powerful, with a perfect, uniform and full scissor bite, that is, the lower dentition is tightly adjacent to the upper, the teeth themselves in both rows grow vertically.
The forelimbs are straight, with a thin bone. The shoulder blades are very muscular, with the elbows adjacent to the chest. The hind limbs are powerful and very strong, moderately muscular, the hock joints are lowered low, not turned in or out. The paws are small, narrow, closed, with thick pads, noticeably arched fingers and short claws.
Basenji is characterized by two features that distinguish it from other dogs: wrinkles on the forehead and a characteristic curled tail. It is hard to believe that these dogs at birth have such a large number of skins - they even look a bit like sharpei. Over time, the skin is smoothed, however, for life there are places with a slightly sagging skin and a wrinkled forehead. In puppies, the tail is straight and, as the animal grows, it gradually twists and lays in a characteristic way on the thigh.
Wool and color
Basenji has very elastic skin and short, smooth, snug and very delicate hair.
Basenji dogs come in different colors:
- Pure black with white
- Red with white
- Black, burning color with white, darkened spots above the eyes - “melon seeds”, as well as on the face and cheeks,
- Black, burning bright, with white,
- Striped: against a red background, black stripes, the sharper the stripes, the better.
It is an interesting fact that the last coloration was recorded by the IFF only in 2001. The following confessions await: striped tricolor, trindl, sable, marble, cream, light white on red, tricolor on red, tricolor shabrak.
A special feature of the basenji is the presence of white spots. Marks of white color should be present on the legs, chest and tip of the tail. White paws, arrow and collar are optional. It turns out that the white collar around the neck, which is so valued at exhibitions, is also optional. In litters, depending on the color of the parents, puppies with different colors can be born.
Basenji belong to unusually clean dogs, which are washed like cats. Most often, they tidy up their short coat, which also has no dog smell. It does not take a lot of time to care for her; usually, it is enough to comb her with a brush.
Basenji character. Who is the breed suitable for?
Basenji's character is cheerful and cheerful. Playful, moving puppies are not easy to control, but after three months it’s time to start training, otherwise it will be more difficult to achieve obedience with age. It is even more difficult to achieve if you do not walk the dog, whose energy pours over the edges. Count on the fact that the basenji loves the movement and need an equally active host. He may not be a professional athlete, but he must be left with free time to walk and be able to throw his stick far. Well, or let there be grown up children in the family who are ready to exhaust the dog physically. The Basenji dog is not aggressive, and will be good for young children in the family, but it is better to control the communication of the animal of any breed and child.
Basenjis treat strangers with obvious distrust, and will look after the guests who have arrived at the house. At the same time, they are affectionate to the owners and will well accept regular friends of the family. These dogs are not aggressive and will not once again distract the owners with annoying barking at every rustle, but they will definitely direct their mind to prank and will be noisier if the owners do not bother to take a walk. Most of all in the world, Basenji love to walk and run, however, since the breed is hunting, it is better to learn to control the dog so that she would prefer to respond to the owner's call than to run after the squirrel in the park.
Basenji is most often affected by de Toney - Debreu - Fankoni syndrome, a congenital disease affecting the kidney and their ability to reabsorb glucose, amino acids, phosphates and bicarbonates in the tubules of the kidneys. Symptoms include excessive thirst, excessive urination, and glucose in the urine, which are often mistaken for diabetes.
Usually it appears between 4 and 8 years, but can begin at 3 or 10 years of life. Tony-Debre-Fanconi syndrome is treatable, especially if treatment is started on time. Owners should check their glucose in the urine once a month, starting at the age of three years. The average life expectancy is 13 years, which is two more per year than other dogs of a similar size.
Proper care of Basenji, in the first place, boils down to allowing the dog to run. Running for a dog is life. Pets are born runners, happy to indulge in such an occupation.
Basenji are characterized by lightning speed and increased energy. The conclusion of the dog in a confined space will have an extremely negative effect - the dog will lose heart and cease to be a full-fledged carrier of genes.
It is strictly forbidden to bathe Basenji - dogs do not tolerate water and stay away. Researchers believe that the reasons lie in the genetic fear of crocodiles. You can’t force a dog to swim. If it is necessary to cleanse the skin, it is recommended to wipe it with a damp towel. The matter of hair care is extremely simple, the hairline requires only periodic combing of dead hairs. It is much more important to take care of the physical component and keep the dog free, providing a chance to run and lead an active lifestyle.
It is permissible to periodically massage a refined pet with the help of a mittens-massager, promoting blood flow and speedy updating of the coat. It is prescribed to care for the ears and teeth, as required by the norms and rules of hygiene.
Interesting facts from the life of basenji
Basenji is a dog that differs from other breeds in behavior and physiology. Here are some interesting facts about this breed:
- Basenji does not bark. A pet of this breed can only growl, whine, howl, etc. This dog is also called a lazy dog from Africa, or a silent man,
- the pet is difficult to train. The breed has existed for more than one thousand years, has become independent. You can use goodies and praise to interest your pet,
- the dog has no equal in shoots. She can jump over the fence or even climb over it. The animal will find any way to escape if it wants to,
- Basinger, as the breed is also called, does not get along well with other pets. His innate hunting instinct is to blame. The only pet you can keep with is a cat,
- in a female, estrus only occurs once a year in autumn, and not 2, as usual. Offspring are not numerous. In most cases, the female brings 3-4 puppies.
For your information! This animal is very active. He needs to pay maximum attention and time. The dog is ranked in the 5th group (Spitz) in the classification of the International Film Festival.
Basenji breed history
Basenji is a breed that originated about 5 thousand years ago in Central Africa. These dogs lived in small flocks in the jungle and hunted small animals. Local tribes used them for hunting. The ancestors of these thoroughbred animals are Asian wolves that migrated to Africa.
Note! The man did not take part in breeding the breed. It was formed in natural conditions due to natural selection.
In ancient Egypt, these animals were presented to the pharaohs who worshiped them. The Egyptian rulers considered the Basenji to be mystical beasts that brought good luck. In the tombs of the pharaohs were found images of dogs printed on the walls, as well as their mummies, buried with the owners. Dogs similar to basenji were found in Nubia. After excavations by archaeologists, the grave of a woman was found, near which there was a similar dog.
For the first time, the Basingers left the African continent in 1895. Mariners brought them from Congo to England, but the animals could not survive. In 1905, these dogs appeared at the Berlin Zoo as exotic animals. In 1930, they again tried to transport them to England from Africa.
The first breed standard, to this day, was established in England. In 1937, an exhibition was held in the United States of America, which was first attended by Basenji dogs. Such instances interested people. Since then, the breed has spread throughout the world. In Russia, dogs began to breed at the end of the 20th century. Active breeding of African dogs is now engaged in American, Australian, Canadian territory.
Basenji in Congo
Basenji breed standard and description
According to the description of the Basenji breed, this is a short-haired dog, distinguished by good health. Due to the fact that the homeland of the beast is hot Africa, its hair, which is tightly attached to the skin, is thin, straight and silky to the touch. The undercoat is missing. If a representative of this breed lives in the most severe climate, then the wool begins to become coarser.
Current breed standard:
- the body is proportionately folded. The male is 43 cm tall and the female 40 cm tall. A male dog can weigh 10-12 kg and a female dog 9-11 kg. The chest is voluminous. The animal has a taut groin, a short and straight back,
- the head is well coordinated and has a small size. There are wrinkles on the dog’s forehead. They become more pronounced during dog anxiety. The flat and wide skull, tapering to the nose, is well defined. The transition from the forehead to the skull is smooth. The muzzle is slightly extended
- small eyes are almond shaped. Their landing is average. Eye color is brown. The edges of the eyelids in dogs are dark. The nose is black.
- erect and slightly forward-leaning ears of medium size are located on the head wide in relation to each other. They have a triangular shape,
- a wide and curved neck is of medium length, there is a scruff,
- the teeth are perpendicular to the strong jaws. The upper row of teeth overlaps the lower. The bite should be scissor-like,
- forelimbs widely set. The limbs, both front and back, have good musculature. The knee joint is bent at a slight angle. Paws have small and neat pads
- the tail set high and tightly adjacent to the back is twisted into a ring. Double tail twisting is allowed in some representatives of the breed.
A dog can have one of 4 colors:
- red-white or red-white,
- black and white
- a tricolor combining red, white and black,
In any color of the pet there are white marks of various shapes and sizes on the chest, extremities and tip of the tail. Snow-white spots can also be found on the collar, paws and head, but this is not necessary. Each color should be saturated, and the marks should be clear. The most common color option is the first.
Basenji color tricolor
For your information! Basinger - a breed of dogs, which is divided into 2 species: forest and lowland. The forest representative is also called a mini-terrier. The body weight of a flat dog is usually more than forest.
The purpose of the breed
Basenji is used as a hunting, guard dog and just a pet. African tribes to this day hunt with her. A similar dog can jump high and climb trees. Flocks of dogs prey on antelopes. In France they are used for hunting hares. In Russia, these animals play the role of companions. They attract people to their:
- ancient history
- small size
- natural origin.
Note! Hunters prefer the African barking dog because of the silent attack and the ability to drive the victim on the net. Basingers are also used for exhibition activities.
Features of character and behavior
The nature of the basenji is not so simple. The animal is stubborn, prone to dominance and disobedience. The dog quickly becomes attached to the owner, his family and home. With children, the animal behaves calmly and restrained, not showing much joy. The breed is characterized by fearlessness. The beast does not scare at the sight of large fighting dogs. If the family is in danger, the dog will begin to protect it.
A dog cannot stay alone for long. Loneliness is alien to her. Being in the house, she will always follow the owner.Only a self-confident, calm person, ready to pay maximum attention to an animal, can become the owner of this dog. Otherwise, the pet does not recognize the person as its owner.
Education and training of Basenji dogs
The dog has high intelligence. During training, she can memorize all the commands that her master teaches. However, if the animal loses interest in what is happening, or it is forced to do the same thing several times, it stops listening. You can regain interest in training by offering a pet a reward for completing teams.
It is necessary to take care of raising a pet from an early age. It is necessary to show him what can and cannot be done. It is forbidden to punish a dog with an aggressive method. For example, you can simply deprive her of her favorite treat. Improper upbringing can lead to the manifestation of poor animal qualities.
Important! It is recommended to use the services of a dog handler.
Basic rules for caring for animals:
- bathing. This thoroughbred dog does not like water. You can bathe the dog if necessary. It is recommended to do this once every 3-4 months. For swimming, it is best to choose a special shampoo designed for individuals with sensitive skin. After the procedure, the pet should be wiped with a bath towel. The hairdryer cannot be used, as it will lead to skin irritation and peeling,
- combing out. The hair of the animal must be combed periodically. Eliminate dead hair should be every 2 weeks. It is also recommended to treat the dog’s hair from fleas and ticks or purchase an anti-flea collar.
- cleaning the ears and eyes. It is required to regularly examine the auricles and eyes of the pet. If there is sulfur or other impurities in the ears, then wipe them with a wet cotton pad. This should be done 1 time in 7 days. Mucus is usually secreted from the animal’s eyes. Get rid of it with napkins or a cotton pad,
- nail clipping. This procedure is necessary if the pet is kept at home. A claw cutter is used for this. Usually the dog grinds his claws on a walk.
Important! Excessive secretion of mucus from the eyes or its complete absence is a bad sign. In this case, you should immediately contact your veterinarian.
Basinger dog leads an active lifestyle. She needs walks and physical activity. Walking with your pet is necessary 2 times a day for 1.5-2 hours. If the pet lives in a private house with a large plot and a high fence, then he can be let out for a walk alone. It is worth using a leash, walking the animal in public. The pet should walk in any weather. However, due to the fine coat, the dog runs the risk of freezing. For such cases, clothing is suitable. In autumn rainy weather, you can wear a waterproof jumpsuit for your pet, and in the first frosts you can wear a fleece-lined vest.
Basenji on a walk with a leash
(African barking dog, Congo Terrier, Congolese bush dog, forest dog from Congo, Nyam-Nyam-Terrier, Zande dog)
The breed of Basenji dogs has existed for several millennia. It was introduced to Russia in the late 90s. It is also called an African barking dog, because an interesting feature of this breed is that instead of barking at moments of anxiety, irritation of the basenji produce rumbling sounds.
People thinking of having a dog should pay attention to these animals. The breed was formed independently, without human and scientific interference, and it is all the more interesting to have basenji as a companion.
it hunting breedoriginating in South Africa. Its development in natural conditions gave the basenji long smooth muscles that allowed it to move freely and coordinate well.
The coat is short, shiny, dense and adheres to the body. 6 colors are recognized in the world:
- Black and white
- Red white
- Black and white with tan (cream tan),
- The black,
- Brown white
- Tiger (red background, black stripes).
White color is present on the legs, chest and tip of the tail.
What to feed?
An important rule of feeding Basenji dogs is not to overfeed. The dog should feel easy and free, not become skinny, but too much fat is useless. Ribs - an indicator of the pet's fatness, if the bones stick out - the dog is hungry and extremely thin, if it is covered with a layer of fat and it is impossible to feel, you will need to put the pet on a diet. Think ahead of time to feed Basenji.
The choice between dry or natural food is the choice of each breeder. The first option is allowed exclusively either super premium or premium. Cheap and low-quality feed is highly discouraged. Natural nutrition is prepared in a balanced way so that the dog receives the necessary substances and vitamins.
The diet contains:
- Raw meat is not fatty: veal and beef. An adult dog per day receives 1 / 3-1 / 2 of the daily ration of meat.
- Cereals are an essential component of a dog’s nutrition.
- Vegetables are good.
- Fruits choose exclusively not sour.
- It is supposed to give greens.
- Oils help maintain good skin.
- Soft-boiled eggs and give no more than once a week.
- Dairy products. Basenji puppies will certainly be fed fermented milk products in the morning.
- Pure water.
Feeding and diet
Basenji needs to eat right. The life expectancy and well-being of the pet also depends on this. The owner can choose natural or industrial feed. In the first case, the diet should consist of:
- lean meat
- fruits and vegetables
- cereals and greens,
- dairy products,
- purified water
- boiled fish.
Basenji puppies should be regularly given cottage cheese and kefir. Cereals, fresh vegetables and fruits should be included in the diet in smaller quantities.
Specialized dog foods from the store are also suitable for feeding. It is recommended to buy only super-premium class.
Important! It is forbidden to give a pet spicy, smoked and sweet food. You need to adhere to the correct nutritional scheme.
Varieties of breed
There are two of them: flat and forest.
The first is larger, the size at the withers is about 40 cm, high legs, light brown and white. The plain basenji has a white “collar” extending over a part of the chest, looking like “panties”.
Forest basenji is less than 40 cm at the withers, not without reason this species is called a pygmy dog. The color of their eyes is darker than that of the plains, as is the color.
Description of the breed, its nature
Basenji have high legs, a head with erect ears slightly inclined forward, a high neck, a narrow chest, a tucked up stomach, and a tail tightly twisted by a ring. The nose of dogs of this breed is narrow, its tip is black. The eyes are dark, almond-shaped, a smart and expressive look. The front legs are directed slightly inward.
Basenji move in a wide step, quickly, keeping the back straight. The general appearance of the dogs is elegant, aristocratic. A characteristic feature of the appearance of these dogs are folds on the forehead, especially pronounced in puppies. Dogs of this breed live 10-12 years.
Varieties of color
Since the beginning of the twentieth century, basenji have become popular in North America and Europe. Dogs of this breed live in many European royal houses. They aroused interest in themselves thanks to sharp mind and easy temper.
The basenji are energetic and agile. They have a well-developed hunting instinct, so much so that after chasing prey, the dog may not hear the owner's commands. Nature is so conceived that in order to maintain health they need to move a lot.
These dogs affectionate and affectionate, easily get along in human and canine society, in the house you can keep more than one animal of this breed. The dog will adore not only the one who feeds her, but also other family members.
Loyal, fearless, intelligent, possessing excellent protective qualities are just some of the characteristics of this breed. Find out more about the Italian Cane Corso in our article.
Rottweiler is one of the oldest breeds of dogs, which is often used as guards for houses and apartments. Read the detailed description of the breed at this address.
Initially, the German shepherd was used solely to protect livestock from predators. Now it is a watchman, and a bloodhound, and a lifeguard. We will introduce you to this universal breed in this article.
Basenji can easily find a common language with their children thanks to their playfulness, good nature and emotionality. But the pet will not allow the child to turn himself into a toy, so you should not leave them alone unattended.
Smart and well-trained basenjis are very curious and nimble, therefore they need a firm hand, otherwise troubles can occur with them. They are independent and not too obedient, they must be constantly occupied. Dogs left to their own devices can disgrace themselves.
Basenji is a hunting dog, and not a guard dog, but sensing a stranger, she will let you know about it with her characteristic “croak” and intense posture.
Independent and not very obedient
Dogs of this breed understand and execute commands wellvery much need the approval of the host. For walks with easy-going and restless basenji, it is better to choose a quiet space without cars for which the dog wants to run.
It is important to teach the animal to respond to its name and approach the owner. The dog should also know that you can’t eat something from the ground. Otherwise, it may be paid by health, and even life.
When training, in no case can not yell at a four-legged friend, and even more so to beat. It is necessary to praise him for the execution of the team and distract from pranks.
Basenji is extremely mobile and will aim higher both in the house and on the street. Therefore, taking a puppy should immediately forbid him to do this. Otherwise, the owner risks sleeping with the dog in the same bed.
Elegant, aristocratic look
Features of care and feeding
The short and dense basenji wool needs regular combing. The dog is not worth washing, she is afraid of water. For walks in extreme cold you can buy clothes.
The discharge from the eyes is carefully removed with a cotton pad, the ears are cleaned with a cotton swab, and the nails are periodically filed. You should regularly treat the dog from fleas and ticks and buy a special collar for it.
With all their mobility and playfulness, basenji can suffer diseases of the kidneys and digestion, as well as hernias.
In the conditions of the city, dogs of this breed feel great, but because of their activity they require constant attention and care.
Choose a puppy
Those who are determined to become the owner of the basenji should take the puppy from the kennel. You should look closely at 8 week old puppies, choosing among all available litters. A real breeder will give the puppy no earlier than the age of 1.5 months.
When choosing a future owner should see:
- Proper puppy bite
- Clean ears, eyes and nose of the baby,
- Pink jaws.
The puppy should be quite active and moderately well-fed, but without clumsiness, with a black tip of the nose and dark shiny eyes.
Sometimes you can see an ad for the sale of an adult dog. Such an animal should be taken only by experienced dog breeders who can accustom it to themselves and subjugate it. For those who will be dealing with basenji for the first time, it is better to choose from puppies most calm.
These dogs have a thick, braided “ribbon” coat. You cannot confuse a Hungarian guard dog of breed a commander with anyone.
They are always looking for adventure, love and attention. Yorkie - their character is simply striking in its courage and stubbornness.
Price for puppies
The cost of a puppy depends on many factors. Depending on the class of the puppy, prices vary:
- Showclass - from 30 thousand p. These future winners of dog shows have a pedigree and are allowed to breed,
- Bridclass - from 25 thousand p. Do not participate in exhibitions due to minor deviations from the standard, invisible to the amateur dog, but suitable for reproduction,
- Petclass - from 15 thousand p. They have significant deviations from the standard, therefore they do not participate in exhibitions and are not allowed to reproduce. But they are healthy, just like puppies of a higher class, have documents and can become good companions and minions of a dog-loving family.
Preparing for the appearance of a puppy in the house
You should determine in advance where will the puppy live, walk, who will look after him, educate. If there are children in the family, it makes sense to go on a first date with the puppy with them.
By the appearance in the baby’s house, basenji should have:
- Bowls for food and water. Better metal or ceramic, he gnaws plastic,
- A rug or basket where the puppy will sleep. In this case, rely on an adult animal, they grow rapidly,
- Toys made of real fur and lived. They should be without small details that the puppy can eat.
In addition, you should hide all the wires that the puppy can reach. And you have to get used to cleaning clothes and shoes, food from the table.
Basenji puppies are curious and love to climb up, so you have to protect windowsills and furniture from them, including to avoid injury from falling.
Advantages and disadvantages of the breed
Like any other breed, Basenji have their advantages and disadvantages. The first include:
- Affection for the owners,
- Learning ability,
- Cleanliness, odorless,
- Getting along with children
- Lively and cheerful disposition.
The disadvantages are relative, some adore this breed precisely because of them:
- Require constant attention
- They can run away
- Do not tolerate loneliness
- Pretty wayward, sometimes refuse to execute commands,
- Tricks are perfectly manipulated by loving hosts.
If your life style is peace and contemplation, and you do not want to change anything, then you should choose a different breed of dog. But those who want to get a cheerful and restless friend, a companion of long walks should pay attention to the basenji.
Where to get?
Basenji is a fairly rare breed. There are not so many Basenji breeders in Russia and Ukraine, and, in truth, they are only happy about this. The reason for this is the lack of commercial nurseries, the result of which very often is the loss of many qualities of the breed. Basenji breeders today are primarily trying to preserve all the properties of the basenji that have passed through the centuries and wild heat of Africa.
From this, of course, it follows that Basenji puppies are quite rare. And not in every city in the country you can meet a representative of this species. At the same time, it also follows from this that a puppy that you got with a high probability can become a winner of any exhibition. If you decide to purchase a champion, be prepared for the fact that the cost will be appropriate. The price, of course, will fluctuate depending on parents, etc., but it is still difficult to call it low. The estimated price of basenji in nurseries is from $ 500.00, "on hand" can be taken cheaper, but there is a corresponding risk. Puppies, the cost of which is suspiciously low, can simply be "fake", disappoint you and deprive an excellent African friend.
Some interesting facts
- The estrus, which occurs in most bitches twice a year, in basenji, only once a year, usually in the autumn. On the one hand, this allows you to more accurately plan the exhibition season, which in this case can last almost the whole year, on the other hand, the fact that if the planned knitting is not carried out for any reason, the next year will have to wait. Basenji litter is not numerous, usually, in most cases, three or four puppies at a time. It is very rare that in one litter there are six to eight puppies.
- Basenjis don't usually bark, but they can make other noises: growl, whining, howling, etc.
- Basenji is hard to train. These dogs have lived a thousand years, so they are independent and do not like to obey. Goodies and praise may help in certain cases, but this is not a guarantee.
- Dogs of this breed have a pronounced hunting instinct. It is not recommended to walk with a dog without a leash, unless, of course, we are talking about a fenced area.
- Basenji are true escape masters. They can even escape through the fence. For this, dogs use any means, sometimes they not only jump over the fence, but can even climb over it.
- These dogs are very active and full of energy. Therefore, such a pet requires a lot of attention and time.
- Basenji doesn’t get along well with other pets, their natural hunting instinct is to blame. This dog can still get along with a cat, but the combined maintenance of basenji and hamsters, jerboas, rats, mice, guinea pigs and birds is not recommended.
- Representatives of this breed are very stubborn. There are cases of manifestations of aggression by the animal when trying to get the dog to do something.
- To become the owner of a healthy dog, you do not need to purchase it from random breeders and in pet stores.
In the homeland of dogs, African silent was used for protection and hunting. Now Basenji are more often brought up as companions. Pets are gentle and affectionate with a person, adapted to life in the city. Animals are light and mobile, often take part in sports competitions.
Basenji needs socialization as early as possible, otherwise the pet will grow up timid and timid. It is important to establish contact with the puppy - education is based on full trust and mutual understanding. As they grow older, the owner must build a hierarchy correctly - you must not allow the animal to rule. Unwanted behavior must be stopped immediately.
Basenji get along with other pets if they have known them since childhood. In relation to small animals, for example, rodents, the dog may exhibit a hunting instinct. Therefore, pets should not be left alone.
A dog and a cat are friends when they are turned on at the same time. It is extremely undesirable to take a puppy if a cat representative already lives at home. Most likely, he will be jealous of the owner and will offend the baby.
Basenji and school children become true friends. They enjoy spending time in active games. Relations with babies are a little more complicated. The dog will be interested in a new member of the family, but may accidentally injure the baby. Also, the pet will not tolerate disrespect - it can not be pulled by the ears and tail, disturbed if the animal does not want to.
In order for basenji and children to quickly find a common language, adolescents should tell in advance about the rules of behavior with animals and the language of the dog’s body.
How to choose a puppy
The choice of a basenji puppy is a very responsible task, which should be treated with special attention. You should not buy dogs African Silent on the ads on the Internet, as there is a high risk of acquiring a sick animal or dog-mestizo.
Before buying, you need to talk with the breeder. A responsible person will surely tell everything about the breed - about the characteristics of the character, content, care, indicate not only the pros, but also the cons. It is also advisable to get acquainted with the baby's parents. Healthy, mentally balanced dogs usually produce the same offspring.
Basenji puppies are active and curious. They have shiny hair, clean eyes, and well-proportioned physique. Lethargy and apathy are the first signs of the disease. It is better to refuse to buy such kids.
Features of care and maintenance
African dogs are well suited for keeping in the house. Representatives of the Basenji breed cannot live on the street, because short hair does not protect well from the cold. However, animals need a long walk to throw out the energy that is boiling in them.
Caring for Nyam-Nyam-terriers is quite simple. Dogs are unpretentious - even a person who does not have special skills can handle all the necessary procedures. However, due to the specific nature of the basenji, they are not suitable for beginners.
Interestingly, animals do not know how to bark. Nyam-nyam-terriers make gurgling iridescent sounds reminiscent of the crowing of a rooster. Because of this peculiarity of the breed, the name African frizzling dog Basenji has been assigned to it.
Nyam-nyam-terriers are naturally very clean - their coat requires minimal care. It is enough to comb the pet once a week with a sisal brush and a mitten brush.
Like other dogs, basenji periodically clean their eyes and ears. Claws are sheared as needed if the dog does not grind them on hard surfaces. Dental health is maintained with a special brush and veterinary paste. You can sometimes give nyam-nyam-terrier dentological treats.
Basenji avoids contact with water in every possible way. Bath procedures are required only in case of severe pollution, which happens quite rarely. On average, owners cost 2-3 baths a year. Dogs are selected shampoo for sensitive skin. Unsuitable cosmetics can cause irritation, itching, peeling.
An interesting feature is that basenji wash themselves like cats.
An African basenji barking dog needs regular walking and outdoor games, especially if it is constantly in the house. Due to lack of movement, the pets make a mess in the apartment, nibble and carry things.
Dogs are only allowed off the leash at special sites, as they can escape from the owner. Basenjis also love to chase other animals, giving free rein to hunting skills, rummaging through garbage piles and digging. If the Nyam-Nyam-terrier lives in a private house, the site is surrounded by a high fence over which the dog will not be able to jump.
In winter, it is better to wear a special jumpsuit for the dog so that it does not catch a cold.
Dogs are prone to the following diseases:
- severe colitis, malabsorption, hip dysplasia, hemolytic anemia, Fanconi syndrome, chronic gastroenteritis, umbilical hernia.
The risk of disease is easily reduced by purchasing puppies born from healthy parents from trusted breeders. You should not refuse regular visits to the veterinarian, even if the pet is feeling well.
The first vaccinations for puppies are set by the breeder in accordance with the general schedule. After 8 weeks, when the immunity transmitted with mother’s milk weakens, vaccines are given to the dogs against plague, parvovirus, hepatitis, and leptospirosis.
After 3-4 weeks, the animals are revaccinated by adding a rabies vaccine. The next complex injection is done at six months of age. Adult dogs are vaccinated every year. They regularly treat fleas, ticks and helminths.
Mating is allowed for mature nyam-yyam-terriers, who have reached 1.5 years. The animals are first introduced to the neutral territory, after which the bitch is led to a dog. In a familiar environment, the dog feels more confident and acts more actively. If owners knit pets for the first time, it is best to invite an experienced breeder who can control the process. After a day, control mating is performed.
Basenji pregnancy lasts about 63 days. A couple of weeks before the expected date, you should arrange with the veterinarian so that he can arrive on the first call. But usually the Nyam-Nyam Terrier whelps itself. 4-5 babies are born in the litter.
How much do Basenji puppies cost
How much a basenji puppy costs depends on several factors:
- the fame of the nursery and its reputation, the class of the animal, the titularity of the parents, the level of demand for the breed, and the conscientiousness of the breeder.
- the cost of babies pet class - from 15 thousand rubles., the price of a puppy of a bridal class - from 25 thousand rubles., The most expensive show class - from 35 thousand rubles.
Interesting facts about the breed
Interesting facts about dogs of this breed will help to better understand their nature. The main features of the basenji are the similarity with cats and the absence of the usual bark. Even Nyam-Nyam-terriers do not like water. It is believed that this is an echo of the "past life" - crocodiles live in African rivers, so the animals preferred to bypass the reservoirs. Pets also have a negative attitude to rain. They are reluctant to go for a walk if the street is damp.
So why don’t the basenji bark? There are 2 theories:
- Animals have some physiological characteristics that do not allow them to make sounds typical of dogs.
- Dogs were tamed before people realized that barking could be useful. That is, in principle, basenji can bark, but do not consider it necessary to do so.
The exact answer is still unknown.
Basenji will be a great companion for active people who like to play sports and travel. Before buying a puppy, you should learn the pros and cons of the breed - it will be difficult for beginner breeders to cope with a freedom-loving pet. With proper education, the dog will become a reliable companion and will never let the owner get bored.
Basenji breed description
Basenji is characterized by the fact that they do not bark, but rumble, and then, only in moments of excitement, Why can not the basenji bark? In Africa, local residents explain this as follows: “In ancient times, when all animals and birds knew how to talk, the leader of the basenji unwittingly witnessed an important event for people. So that what they saw would not leak out of the pack, the basenji made a vow to keep a secret and remained silent forever. ”
Despite their small size, dogs have a bright and attractive appearance. They look aristocratic and elegant. They move fast in broad strides, while the back remains straight. Throughout their ancient history, the appearance of dogs has remained unchanged. The animals on the forehead have unique wrinkles that appear at the time of the ears. A distinctive feature of the breed is also the tail, which is tightly twisted into a ring. Dogs are odorless dogs and have much in common with representatives of the cat family:
- often washed in a cat - paw,
- walk quietly and softly
- Do not mind going to the toilet in the tray, so they are easy to keep in an ordinary apartment.
- The coat is short, thick and fits snugly to the body. She is thin and beautifully shiny. Shedding.
- The body is strong with well-developed smooth muscles.
- The head is average.
- The neck is long muscular.
- The chest is medium wide.
- Ears are standing and slightly inclined forward.
- The nose narrows towards the end and is crowned with a black lobe.
- Eyes with a dark iris, have the form of tonsils. The dog looks smart and understanding.
- The limbs are high. The front ones “look” slightly inward.
- The tail is tightly twisted into a ring.
These are loyal, brave and determined animals. They are smart and affectionate. Balanced and non-conflict, they get along well with people and are equally attached to all its members. The owner obeys unconditionally and is always ready to protect him, as well as his relatives. They play with children with pleasure, but they will not tolerate childish pranks, for example, dragging by ears or tail. Therefore, children cannot be left alone with them.
They will be friends with dogs of the same breed and with other animals if they accept basenji as a leader - dogs of this breed tend to dominate. If another dog starts a fight on the street, the basenji, guided by the instinct of self-preservation, will not lead to provocation and calmly pass by.
Dogs are extremely active, even more reactive - this is the key to their health. They move easily and beautifully. They make excellent exhibitors. Due to the hyperactivity of the dogs, you cannot leave home alone for a long time. Otherwise, upon arrival, the owner will see surprises in the form of upturned and gnawed furniture, torn wallpaper and other troubles.
Dogs' hunting instincts are genetically based and, not being guard dogs, they easily feel a threat to loved ones. At the same time, the basenji make a stand on their hind legs and rumble desperately, warning the owner about the danger. The highly developed instinct of the hunter sometimes prevents them from hearing teams at the time of the pursuit of prey. Therefore, in order to avoid escape, it is recommended to wear a leash when walking on a dog.
Basenji are one of the 14 most ancient dogs on Earth. They are also called - primitive, i.e. arising not as a result of selection, but through natural natural selection. In this regard, they have inherent features that need to be considered when training :
- training basenji often ignore the call-me-to-me command.
- They have an extremely fast reaction and instantly accelerate from place, developing an incredibly high speed.
- temporary lack of sound perception in the dog.
Before starting training, you need to study the nature of your pet and learn to anticipate its behavior. It will not be superfluous to read special literature, watch videos, visit the Basenji owners forum and consult with a dog handler.
In order to avoid creating a dangerous environment for others, it is necessary to teach the dog to understand the limits of acceptable. The very first command to remember should be a draft command “to me”, the dog must execute it from the first requirement. The dog must respond to his nickname.
Basenji easily remembers the teams, but for him, approval and encouragement are very important. It can be - stroking, kind word or goodies. For positive reinforcement, you can use the clicker. You can not shout at the pet and punish him - the dog will close and will ignore the commands. Let the dog be punished by the owner’s disapproving look and lack of encouragement. Only patience and a warm friendly attitude towards the pet will help to achieve success in training.
How to feed basenji
Puppies eat up to 9 months dry food premium class. Then they begin to be fed with natural food, alternating every day. Dogs are very voracious and easily gain weight, so it is important not to overfeed them.
The diet includes:
- Cereals cooked on water without salt. Rice and buckwheat are preferred. You can not give pea porridge.
- Raw meat - beef, veal, horse meat, roe. As the main food is used lean meat, bones are given once a week.
- Offal - well cooked.
- Boiled sea fish.
- Boiled vegetables.
- Egg - 1-2 times a week.
- Sour milk products.
Food for your pets can be purchased HERE .
Basenji breed colors
- Red combined with white,
- Deep black combined with white,
- Tricolor (black with red and red tan, with spots above the eyes and on the face),
- Tiger (black stripes on red ‒ red).
With any staining, white remains - paws, chest and tail end. White color is always several times less than the main one. Color borders are supposed to be clear, and the colors themselves are saturated. Red combined with white Black combined with white Dog color tricolor The color of the dog is brindle
Dogs have strong immunity and good health, but, like any other animals, they are prone to certain diseases:
- Kidney disease - Fanconi syndrome and urolithiasis,
- Diseases of the eye - atrophy of the retina and cataract,
- Entropy (with protein loss) - when, for various reasons, a plasma protein is excreted from the body through the gastrointestinal tract
Basenji Fanconi Syndrome
A kidney disease characterized by atrophy of the renal channel reabsorption function.It provokes the appearance of: glucose in the blood, the formation of stones, a violation of the interaction of amino acids with urine, an imbalance of water-salt metabolism. The disease is incurable, you can only support life. It is important to determine the presence of the disease as early as possible. But, unfortunately, it is difficult to diagnose at an early stage, therefore, there are frequent cases of deaths among dogs. Basenji of 4–7 years of age is especially susceptible to the disease, so breeders try not to knit individuals younger than 4 years old.
Symptoms of the disease
- Unbearable thirst
- Frequent bladder emptying
- High concentration of glucose in the blood.
It is diagnosed by taking a urine test for sugar. If there is a syndrome, glucose will be contained in the urine (the blood sugar level will be normal). If the blood also has an elevated sugar content, then the dog clearly has diabetes, and not Fanconi syndrome. Basenji rarely has diabetes.
Clothing for Basenji
These doggies are small in size with very short, non-warming coat, so in winter and autumn and spring, they need warm clothes and shoes . Woolen sweaters, raincoats, jackets, overalls, etc. are put on the basenji. Usually, things are sewn to order individually for each dog, for which the following measurements are taken:
As a rule, shoes are worn on the dog in special cases, for example, a trip to the exhibition. But some owners shoe their pets every day. It is not forbidden to do this, but gradualness is needed - the animal is accustomed to touch the surface of the earth with its footpads. For convenience, shoes are best sewn to order. When buying ready-made shoes in a store, you must have a centimeter size of your pet's paw with you.
Basenji dog price
Puppies of the “show” class cost 30,000 rubles, “brid” - from 25,000 rubles, “pit” - from 15,000 rubles. "Show" individuals are potential winners of the competition, have a pedigree and the right to produce offspring. “Breed” class puppies do not have the right to participate in exhibitions due to implicit defects that are invisible to the lay eye. They have the right to give birth to offspring. Kittens “pit” have pronounced cosmetic defects. They do not have the right to participate in exhibitions, but they can reproduce.
You can buy a basenji puppy in the basenji kennel or on Avito. You can also purchase goods for your pet. HERE .
Before breeding, you must make sure that both adults do not have diseases, including inherited ones. Only purebred dogs are suitable for mating. It is important to familiarize yourself with the documents of the pet and its pedigree. In bitches, the first estrus begins at the age of 1.5 years. Before breeding, the pet must eat fully, vitamins are needed. You should also conduct treatment from worms. Knitting should occur on the territory of the dog.
Pros and cons of the breed
The advantages of a dog that does not know how to bark include:
- lack of dog smell and cleanliness,
- fidelity and poise,
- hunting and guard qualities
- good health.
Among the shortcomings are the fear of loneliness, wayward character and the need for constant attention.
Basenji Owner Reviews
Julia, Nizhny Novgorod
“Great companions. Faithful friends of the family. Clever dog. Self. Doesn't smell like a dog, clean. Of the shortcomings, I note its reactivity - you can’t walk without a leash. Perhaps, it’s also gluttony - on the street it picks up all kinds of edible rubbish ”
“A very good companion. Faithful, fun. It does not bark and does not smell. With character - can be arbitrary. Shy. Overactive. I recommend starting an active and energetic person, the lazy can’t cope ”
“A dog with an excellent character - kind, sociable, affectionate. Spectacular appearance. Compact - convenient to keep in the apartment. Clean, odorless dog. Clever. If you approach training with skill and mind, then you can really achieve success. But it is not easy. You can’t leave one at home - you’re bored and poor at heart.