Siamese cats, in addition to a graceful appearance, are smart, playful and dedicated pets.
This breed has many unique characteristics, and they are one of the most recognizable cats in the world, due to its exotic color and energy.
Siamese cats have a long body, beautiful almond-shaped eyes of blue color, large ears and a wedge-shaped muzzle. They have a short silky coat with dark points - markings.
Siamese cat breed
1. Siamese cats are an ancient breed
As with most cat breeds, the true origin of Siamese cats is shrouded in mystery. Some claim that these cats were pets of kings, others believe that they were raised by Buddhist monks.
When members of the royal family were dying, it was believed that the Siamese cat received their soul. The cat was transferred to the temple, and she spent the rest of her life in luxury under the supervision of monks.
In the Thai manuscript "Poems of a cat's book" you can find the very first description of cats with a dark color on the limbs, made between the 14th and 18th centuries. This suggests that Siamese cats are a very ancient breed, even if we do not know where it came from.
2. Siamese cats appeared at the first major world cat show
When Siamese cats were first introduced at the Cat Show in England in 1871, they were described as "unnatural, nightmarish-looking cats, unique and elegant with smooth skin and ears painted black at the ends and blue eyes with red pupils." Later they became one of the most popular cat breeds in the world.
Description of Siamese cat
3. Siamese cats once had a squint and tail with a crease at the end
Many Siamese cats once had curved tail and squint. Cat breeders considered these features undesirable and gradually weeded them out through selection. According to legend, Siamese cats were instructed to guard the king’s golden goblet. The cat clutched the goblet so tightly with its tail that it became curved, and looked for so long that its pupils lost focus.
Until now, you can rarely find Siamese cats with strabismus or with a curved tail.
4. Siamese cats had a larger body and a more rounded muzzle
Initially, Siamese cats had a larger body and the muzzle was more round than triangular. However, in the middle of the 20th century, cat breeders preferred a more pronounced silhouette and gradually raised more slender, thin-bred cats, which we are used to seeing now.
The updated breed can be seen at cat shows, but many breeding specialists continue to breed Siamese kittens with a more traditional appearance. The International Cat Association also recognizes a Thai breed with an old-looking appearance.
5. Their paws and ears are thermally adjustable
Have you ever wondered why Siamese cats have light hair and a darker color on their paws, ears and face? This is due to temperature sensitive enzymes, due to which darker color appears in cooler areas of the body and remains pale in warm parts. Siamese kittens are born with completely white fur and dark tips appear when they turn several months old.
Color Siamese cats
6. Marks can be of different colors.
Initially, only Siamese cats with dark brown markings were recognized - the color known as force point. To date, Siamese cats with various color marks are also recognized. blue, chocolate and purple.
7. Siamese cat was once the thickest cat in the world.
The Guinness Book of Records does not keep records of the thickest animals in the world, since representatives do not want to encourage people to overfeed their pets. However, Siamese cat Katie could claim this title in 2003. A 5-year-old Ural cat from the city of Asbest in Russia was given hormones to pacify her communication with cats, which is why she developed a remarkable appetite. In the end, her weight reached 23 kgthat is heavier than a 6 year old child.
Average the weight of the male Siamese cat reaches 5-7 kg, and the female 3.5 - 5.5 kg.
8. Siamese cats once foiled a conspiracy
In the 1960s, two Siamese cats at the Dutch Embassy in Moscow, Russia sensed something was amiss. The staff noticed that the cats suddenly woke up and arched their backs, scratching the walls. Experts suspected that excited pets heard a noise that is not able to catch a person’s ear. The study found 30 hidden spy microphones hidden in the wall.
9. Siamese cat once gave birth to 19 kittens
Once, on August 7, 1970, a Burmese / Siamese cat from Oxfordshire in the UK gave birth to 19 kittens. Unfortunately, four of them were born dead. Siamese cats usually have about 4-6 kittens. A large brood of kittens has become the biggest litter of domestic cats in the world.
10. Siamese cats have a poetic name in their homeland
Thailand is considered the birthplace of Siamese cats, where they are called "moon diamond".
Siamese cat character
Siamese cats are very smart, curious and receptive cats.
Often they behave more like dogs than cats. Often these cats become attached to one person and follow him everywhere. Siamese cats retain a childish and playful character, they are very active and energetic.
These cats do not like to be ignored for a long time. They are perfect for those who love communication and activity. Siamese cats get along with children and other pets.
Siamese cats require attentionthey will vote and their behavior can be devastating if they do not receive attention.
Remember that Siamese cats are pretty loud pets. They can howl and scream for a long time if they want something. However, they are smart and easy to train to understand simple commands.
Historical information about the breed
The ancestors of Siamese cats were first described in ancient manuscripts dating from the 14-17th century. Among the 23 breeds depicted in the document, there is a short-haired cat with a dark muzzle, ears, paws and tail. It used to be called Wichienmaat. Residents of ancient Thailand considered her a sacred animal, bringing good luck. The ancestors of modern Siamese lived in local temples. It was forbidden to take them out of the country.
The British first saw a Siamese cat in 1872 at an exhibition in London. The animal made an ambiguous impression on the public - some were interested, others called it “nightmare”. After 12 years, British Ambassador Owen Gold brought a male and a female from Asia for his sister, they gave offspring. A year later, one of the older kittens born of this pair won the champion title. This was a turning point in the history of the Siamese - active breeding work began, and soon the European breed standard was approved.
Siamese came to the North American continent in 1878. The US Consulate employee Mr. Sickels brought a kitten from Asia and presented it to President Rutherford Hayes. Soon, the new breed found many fans among the Americans. Many show business stars, as well as politicians, adore the Siamese, for example, Vivien Leigh, John Lennon, Sid Barrett and others.
Attention! Modern cats belonging to the Siamese breed differ from their ancestors from ancient Thailand. Today, many felinological organizations separate classical, old-type cats from modern Western-style Siamese cats. The former are usually attributed to the Thai line, and the latter to the Siamese.
Detailed description of the breed with a photo
The modern Siamese cat differs from the Thai (old type) lean body with graceful long and thin legs. She has a triangular muzzle and rather large auricles. In representatives of the Thai breed, the body has rounded shapes, the tail is shorter and thicker, and the head is apple-shaped.
Differences of Siamese cat from Thai
Standard requirements for the exterior:
- a wedge-shaped head, if you draw lines between the tips of the ears and nose, they form an equilateral triangle,
- big ears are quite wide at the base, pointed at the ends, their outer part continues the line of the head,
- straight profile
- almond-shaped eyes with raised outer corners and an iris of blue color,
- thin, long neck
- the body is flexible, slender, fit,
- the limbs are thin, the hind legs are longer than the front,
- small oval-shaped paws,
- the tail is thin, long, tapering to the end,
- the coat is short, soft to the touch, shiny, devoid of undercoat.
The first description of cats of this species is given in the treatise Tamra Moew - "Book of Poems about a Cat." Initially, privately owned “Siam's moon diamond” was the privilege of the royal family and noble nobles. After the death of the owner, the animals became temple relics, living at the expense of the rich offerings of the family of the deceased. Fearing the death penalty, there was a ban on their removal from the country.
Geneticists believe that this species came from a wild Bengal cat, since the gestational age of a Siamese female is longer than that of other breeds and is 68 days - just like their ancestor. Siamese appears in many legends and myths about the origin of the cat.
The breed came to Europe as a gift from the royal family to the English ambassador. For the first time this unusual animal was presented at the London exhibition in 1872. Siamese became royal property here too. Queen Victoria bestowed upon them nobles only for the greatest merits.
The first felinological standard for the Siamese cat was compiled by Harrison Weyer, squint and knots on the tail were included in the description as virtues. Only in 1904, the standard was modified and finalized. The requirements for the exterior of the animal have changed. A longer and more flexible body, larger ear size, lack of strabismus, and the inadmissibility of tail defects are the type of Siamese that is leading in today's exhibitions.
In the sixties of the twentieth century, the breed was brought to the United States of America, where its appearance caused a real stir. Bridders purchased breeding animals for fabulous amounts.
In 1966, the last European standard for the Siamese cat was adopted, in 1991 - the American one. The requirements for the appearance of the animal in these two systems differ slightly from each other.
In Russia, the first Siamese appeared at the end of the twentieth century.
Characteristics and breed standard
The TICA Feline Association provides the following description of a Siamese cat:
- Head. Elongated wedge-shaped with a snug coat and ears. A small presence of “cheeks” is allowed only in adult pedigree purebred males.
- Eyes. Medium size and eastern section. Arranged narrowly enough - the distance between them is equal to the length of one eye. The color is bright from blue to sapphire - all shades of blue. Green tones are not acceptable.
- The ears. Large enough, located at an angle and go beyond the cheekbones. Landing as wide and low as possible is considered a plus.
- Neck. Long, slender, graceful, but muscular.
- Body. Long and graceful, but at the same time strong and muscular, but not massive. The same width along the entire length.
- Paws The backbone is light. Long and thin with narrow and elongated pads. Muscular The rear is higher than the front.
- Tail. Thin over a considerable length. The tip narrows and is pointed.
- Wool. Short, tight to the body, glistens.
- Colors. Color point is required in any color. Points are located on the muzzle (“mask”), ears, paws, tail.
The number of acceptable colors is twelve.
- Weight. The male is larger than the female. The average weight of three to five kilograms.
- Only intrabreed mating is permitted.
- Disadvantages. The spots are darker than the main background on the chest and peritoneum. Dimming the main background. Weak contrast.
- Lack of color point.
- Any eye color other than all shades of blue.
- White marks and white fingers.
- Kinks and nodules on the tail ..
- Aggressive behavior.
All Siamese kittens are born completely white, as the ambient temperature in the womb is high and uniform. With age, the points begin to darken, which is associated with different temperature conditions of individual parts of the body. Dark marks - points - are located where it is lower - on the muzzle, ears, paws and tail. The light underlying background is usually formed by the albinism genome.
In total, twelve permissible colors of the Siamese are distinguished in modern felinology:
- Sial Point. The main background is cream, say to deep brown. The points are anthracite black.
- Blue point. White background, blue back, points of more saturated blue to smoky blue. The nose and fingers are gray-blue, almost ashen.
- Chocolate Point. Background - the colors of baked milk or ivory, points - coffee with milk. The paw pads and nose are the same color.
- Lilac Point. The main background is pale cream, yellowish, points with a pinkish tint. Fingers and nose lilac shade.
- Red point. The main background is from white to apricot, the points are bright red-gold, but not red. The nose and paw pads are pink.
- Cream Point. The background is white, cream points.
- Caramel Point. The background is caramel, the points are a darker shade of the same color.
- Cinamon Point. Case - ivory, brown points. The nose is brown; the paw pads are pink to brown.
- Background Point. The body is caramel, the spots are darker.
- Torty Point. Points with a tortoise pattern, all color combinations.
- Tabby Point. Stripes on points.
- Tabby tortie point. Spots and stripes on points.
The main colors in the classification are four colors: sial, blue, chocolate and laylak points.
Mr. Cat warns: Difference from Thai cat
The modern Siamese cat differs significantly from its ancient ancestor in standard. She is more elegant and more like an oriental type. Thai cat is an old Siamese variety. The differences between the ancestor and the new type are significant.
The body and head of the Thai are more rounded and less refined, the ears are not so wide apart, the eyes are rather round. In some systems, this variety is allocated in a separate breed, in others it is a subtype of the main species.
There are also differences in character - there is no Siamese arrogance, these are softer and more obedient pets, selfless and loyal, but equally energetic and mobile.
Breeds bred using a Siamese cat
Siamese cat mesmerizes with its elegance, unusual characteristic color-point color and sapphire eyes. The bridders of many cat lines were tempted to bring these peculiar features to their pets. As a result of breeding work on the basis of Siamese breeds appeared:
- Burmese - Shorthair Siamese without points,
- Balinese - Siamese and Angora in conjunction gave a long-haired Siamese,
- Himalayan (Khmer) - Siamese and Persian, fluffy mestizo with color-point color,
- Californian mottled - Abyssinian, Siamese, British and American Shorthair, mankie, Persian, African and Asian street cats,
- Ocicat - Abyssinian and Siamese,
- Siamese snow-shu - Siamese type in white "socks",
- Neva Masquerade - Siamese and Siberian,
- Tonkin - Samskaya and Burmese,
- Javanese - Siamese and Abyssinian.
Features temperament Siamese cat
Siamese is an eternal child with an infinite supply of energy. Playful, cheerful and endlessly devoted to the owner and all members of the household. If he believes that someone close to him is in danger, a faithful and fearless dog will rush to his defense.Features of temperament make the pet look like a rare symbiosis of a cat, monkey and dog.
These animals are characterized by "talkativeness", the timbre of their voice is very peculiar and does not look like the meow of ordinary cats.
Often there is an opinion about the evil and vengeful nature of the Siamese, their aggressiveness. If pets are brought up correctly from an early age, then there are no problems with their maintenance. Some irritability is inherent in those representatives of the breed who have tail defects. In this case, the integrity of the spine is impaired, pain and, as a result, imbalance are possible.
It is necessary to remember the extraordinary self-sufficiency, high self-esteem of these pets. A loud scream or physical punishment can be perceived as a cruel offense. You can never raise your voice on the Siamese, let alone beat. These animals require a polite, patient and attentive attitude. Mutual respect and love is the only form of peaceful coexistence of Siamese cats and people.
Care, education and maintenance
These animals do not cause the owner any problems with care. Short shiny hair requires virtually no washing or combing. If necessary, these procedures are carried out quickly and carefully, respectfully in relation to the pet.
If the claws of the Siamese are troubling, once a week they should be cut with special scissors, carefully - only the tip at a right angle.
The Siamese are very smart and they have no problems with the upbringing, but from a young age it is necessary to train the kitten to the tray and claw-claw.
Health and Nutrition
Nutrition is also straightforward. It is advisable to transfer the pet after maternal feeding to dry food of super-premium quality. They contain all the necessary vitamins, micro and macro elements.
If natural nutrition is organized, then it must be properly balanced and always with the addition of special preparations containing taurine and vitamins.
Two hereditary defects pursue this breed - strabismus and knots or kinks on the tail. The same gene, which provides a bright sapphire eye color, causes them. Calcivirosis is also a disease that this breed is prone to. It is necessary to prevent hypothermia of the pet and vaccinate it in time. Sometimes there is a defect in the development of the middle ear - manifested in a violation of coordination of movement.
Due to the labile temperament, they are prone to psychogenic diseases, which often lead to alopecia, as the animal is constantly licking.
For the timely detection and prevention of diseases it is necessary:
- Regularly deworm the pet, at least once every three months.
- Timely treat from external parasites.
- Vaccinate annually for rabies and viral infections.
- Periodically visit the veterinarian to identify hereditary diseases and prevention.
Siamese has an average life expectancy of fifteen years.
Kitten selection and cost
The cost of a kitten varies from 200 to 800 dollars, depending on the purpose of the acquisition. A pet kitten is cheaper, but does not have a pedigree and can only be a pet. For breeding work and show career, it is necessary to choose a blue-eyed baby with a good pedigree and excellent health.
The price of individual pedigree thoroughbred cats can be higher than a thousand dollars.
All kittens from the cattery must be accompanied by veterinary passports with the marks of the state veterinary clinic about the vaccination against rabies and all known cat infections.
Thanks to the specific color, almost everyone knows what a Siamese cat looks like. However, they are often confused with similar breeds - Thai and Oriental. To have an idea of the real Siamese, it is important to understand its characteristic features. They are presented in the table.
Table - Siamese cat breed standard
|Part of the body||Description|
|Body||- elongated, |
- tight stomach
|Head||- long |
- the skull is almost flat,
- elongated narrow muzzle,
- the nose is straight,
- strong chin
|Eyes||- Almond-shaped, |
- small size
- slightly convex,
- relatively oblique relative to the nose
|The ears||- Large |
- triangular in shape
- slightly divorced in different directions
|Limbs||- Slender, long, |
- hind legs slightly longer than front
|Tail||- long, thin, |
- pointed end
Varieties of colors
Siamese cats have many features that affect not only the intelligence and character of the pet, but also its amazing color. The shade of the coat depends on body temperature. Scientifically, this feature is called acromelania. Little kittens are born completely white. With age, they darken. Moreover, this happens unevenly. Dark tones acquire those parts of the body that are characterized by a lower temperature. There are various colors of the Siamese cat. Among them, the most popular are the following.
- Force point. Cream or light brown color. Points (dark areas of the coat) are distinguished by a rich dark brown color.
- Blue point. Snow white coat. The muzzle, paws, tail and ears of this pet have a beautiful blue color.
- Caramel Point. Color is a cross between white and brown. A hue of magnolia. Dark areas are painted in pink and gray tones.
- Red point. White coat with apricot, red or reddish points. Sometimes strips on marks are observed.
- Cinnamon Point. Ivory hue with pink-brown markings.
- Lalaike Point. The white case is diluted with gray areas with a slight pinkish overflow.
- Chocolate Point. Ivory. Dilute this palette with chocolate patches. Sometimes they can be so dark that they appear black.
Pros and cons
Before you finally decide whether to start a Siamese, carefully read the advantages of the breed and its disadvantages. The most important points are presented in the table.
Table - Advantages and disadvantages of Siamese
|- smart |
- amenable to training,
- beautiful, graceful,
- get along with the children,
- fade a little
|- Sensitive, vindictive, |
- independent and wayward,
- require high cleanliness,
- can't stand the cold,
- talkative, loud voice,
- Jealous and do not like to share the owner with other animals
History of origin and interesting facts
There are many hypotheses about the origin of intelligent and unusual pets. The history of the Siamese breed is overgrown with legends. One of the most entertaining brings us back to the days of Noah's Ark. According to this legend, a male monkey loved a beautiful proud lioness. The fruit of love was the first Siamese cat - a graceful beauty with the habits of a monkey and the heart of a lioness.
If we talk about more realistic hypotheses, then the homeland of the eastern beauty is Thailand, which was previously called Siam. Here cats were revered. They were allowed to keep monks and royal families. Pets were protected by law. They were considered guides to the other world. Therefore, it was forbidden to export Siamese outside the state.
At the end of the XIX century, cats came to Europe. They charmed the population with their exotic appearance and really liked Queen Victoria. Thanks to her, the popularity of the Siamese has increased dramatically.
- True grace. The gait and movements of exotic cats are admirable. Experts believe that the run of the Siam is fully consistent with the run of an Arabian horse. And eastern women learned grace and grace from these pets.
- Criminal goals. Another feature of the Siam is its long fingers. The pet, if desired, can learn to work with them very quickly. The kid, endowed by nature with a mind, with amazing virtuosity will be able to open the closet, unfasten his bag, open the door by turning the handle.
- Talisman Chess. Alexander Alekhine considered his Siamese cat Chess as a talisman. The favorite always accompanied the chess player in all matches, sitting on his wife’s lap. Even during international competitions in Zurich, Alexander was periodically interrupted, went to the hall to stroke his beauty.
Content and Nutrition Requirements
Shorthair Siam by nature is very neat, needs minimal care. Pets deal with most procedures on their own. But still, helping your pet does not hurt.
- Wool. Cats do not have undercoats, so combing wool is not necessary. But you should not completely abandon the procedure. Easy combing with a soft natural brush eliminates unnecessary hair and provides massage to the pet. Especially relevant during molting (autumn and spring).
- Bathing. Siamese do not like water treatments. Due to the lack of undercoat, they are constantly freezing. Therefore, it is recommended to bathe a pet extremely rarely, and only if he really got dirty. After bathing, be sure to wrap your pet in a warm towel. And use a hairdryer for drying.
- Teeth . Exotic beauties often suffer from dental diseases. Therefore, the oral cavity requires special attention. Veterinarians recommend brushing your cat’s teeth with special toothpaste at least once a week. If you do not, then try periodically to look into your mouth so as not to miss the development of pathologies.
- The eyes. Sometimes they can sour. If this happens infrequently, then there is no reason for excitement. Take a clean cloth and wipe the corners of the almond-shaped eyes.
- The ears. Monitor the condition of the auricles. Siamese are prone to inflammation, irritation or infections in the ears. Once a week, it is necessary to wash the sinks with special solutions recommended by the veterinarian.
To teach a smart pet to go to the toilet is easy. As soon as the first puddle appears in the house, blot it with a diaper and put it in a pot. To accustom to the tray, transfer the baby who has eaten tightly to him. However, be careful. Do not force the baby.
Siamese pets are not only very smart, but also overly proud. If the kitten feels compelled or hears unpleasant notes in your voice, he will be offended. And to take revenge, completely stop going to the tray. Sometimes even adult pets who have gone to the toilet for years can similarly punish the owners.
Siamese cat, as a true representative of the Siamese-oriental group, is very demanding on food. She prefers to starve dignifiedly than to eat tasteless food. Therefore, responsibly approach the choice of food. Be sure to specify in the cattery what to feed the Siamese cat, because in most cases it is already accustomed to certain foods. But the diet may also consist of natural food.
- Feed. More preferable. It contains useful substances in a balanced form. Breeders recommend choosing super-premium or premium products.
- Organic products . If you decide to feed your pet with natural products, then entrust the development of the diet to the veterinarian. The menu consists of the following products: beef, sea fish, beef liver, cereals, vegetable oils, dairy products.
Reproduction and sterilization
If you decide to engage in breeding Siamese, then be prepared for difficulties. Cats are very temperamental. The first estrus in them can be observed at the age of four months. But the pet’s body is not yet ready for gestation.
Veterinarians recommend the first mating in a year and a half. Pregnancy lasts 65 days. Sometimes kittens appear on 63-64 days. But if the birth began before 60 days, then such babies are usually not viable. To avoid unpleasant moments, the veterinarian must take birth. In some cases, this helps save a pet's life.
Disease and treatment
Among the representatives of the Siamese breed, genetic diseases are often observed. This predisposition to congenital ailments is associated with incompletely deliberate breeding of the breed. Breeders paid attention only to external data, completely ignoring the health of pets. They often crossed kittens from the same litter. This has led to the appearance of genetic mutations. Modern breeders have supplanted such phenomena to the maximum. However, kittens that may have hereditary abnormalities still occur.
Among the diseases characteristic of Siamese, the following are most often observed.
- Strabismus. This breed is characterized by the carriage of the strabismus gene, which leads to the underdevelopment of the optic nerves.
- Calcivirosis. Pathology of the upper respiratory tract. The disease begins with a common cold, redness of the eye mucosa. Then sores appear on the tip of the nose. Further progression of the disease can lead to pneumonia.
- Rhinotracheitis. Pathology of the respiratory tract. It is characterized by the presence of a runny nose, conjunctivitis. Accompanying such symptoms is an increase in temperature, lethargy, and pet weakness.
- Intestinal adenocarcinoma. This is cancer. Pathology is most often observed in males.
- Asthma The disease is similar to human asthma. Attacks usually cause allergens: tobacco smoke, deodorants, book dust.
- Breast cancer Such tumors look like small seals. At first, they do not bother, so they are discovered by chance. Over time, these nodules increase.
- Cardiomyopathy This is a genetic ailment that disrupts the delivery of oxygen to the blood. A lack of oxygen causes fainting.
- Mental alopecia. As a result of licking, bald patches appear in the pet. This usually occurs after severe stress associated with a sudden move or loss of the host.
Breeders argue that it is better to let the baby choose a name for himself. To do this, call in turn different nicknames. At the same time, carefully monitor the behavior of the kitten. He will definitely respond to the name that he will like.
Table - Nicknames for Siamese
|How to call a Siamese cat "girl"||How to call a Siamese cat- "boy"|
|- Iris |
|- Adonis, |
Curious, playful, very affectionate and incredibly friendly cats are able to charm at first sight. They will be happy to rush around the house, jumping from cabinet to cabinet. Their energy, beating with a key, will not let you get bored. We decided to get a Siamese breed pet, then look at what interesting cats are presented below in the photo.
Cost and where to buy
Siamese breed is quite common, so there will not be any special difficulties with the acquisition of a kitten. However, the question of the presence of genetic pathologies always remains open. To reduce the risk of acquiring a sick kitten to a minimum, it is better to acquire an exotic handsome man in nurseries.
The price of a Siam depends on the availability of a pedigree, parenthood of parents, personal characteristics, color. A thoroughbred Siamese cat kitten costs from 7 to 25 thousand rubles (data for February 2018).
You can buy a playful pet in the following nurseries of the Siamese breed:
- JUNGLE in Moscow - http://jungle-cats.ru/,
- SIOMAR * RU in St. Petersburg - http://oricat.ru,
- ROYAL GARDEN in Kiev - http://royal-garden.kiev.ua,
- Pretty Plesure in Minsk - http://cats.of.by/.
Reviews of the Siamese cat allow you to see how smart and cunning these animals can be. If the pet wants to get something from you, then its most powerful weapon, the voice, will be used. Moreover, the cat is so adept at owning his vocals that you can easily determine the requesting, persistent, demanding and compassionate intonations.Such “concerts” will be appreciated not only by you, but also by your neighbors.
Reviews: “I built all the cat lads in the district”
We arrived for a kitten when he was only 4 weeks old ... He was so touching, but at the same time smart fluffy. We fed him milk from a pipette, gradually accustoming him to ordinary food, and later to dry food. I was very worried that it would be difficult to accustom to the toilet ... But no! There were no problems with this at all. Once he went to the sofa once, I dipped all this with a cotton ball, put it in a tray and brought it to sniff ... All - the next time he came to the tray. Thaisik grew, grew prettier, darkened ... No signs of revenge or aggression were noticed behind him, except for the usual hunting instinct. The cat after all ...
He hunted for our feet from around the corner. And being a kitten, he once caught 7 flies on a window and carefully laid them out on the bed at the same distance from each other ... And then he brought us to the bedroom with meowing to show his trophies! Nevertheless, I have never met a more loyal and gentle creature ... Such an affectionate, playful, friendly, always nearby, always meets, comes, lies down and purrs. And his patience knew no bounds at all - you would know what you dressed and what your daughter harnessed to. All obediently endured.
I have a girlfriend with whom we have been friends for more than twenty years. Once upon a time, she brought a Siamese cat into the house, she loved her very much, indulged all her whims. The kitty was small, with blue eyes. But she had a temper, I must tell you ... I recognized in the house for the owner only the husband of my friend. Pet her, and do not dream, get the full program. A friend went on vacation in the summer for more than a month, with the whole family. I stayed to look after her houseplant garden, and of course, Cassay, that was the name of this cat. When I came to clean up after her and feed her, Kesska was hiding, so that I hardly even saw her. Two times in all the time, she went out and sat in my arms. I sat and was afraid to move, I did not know how she would behave. The cat is unpredictable. When a friend divorced her husband, there were constant quarrels at home. As a result of another quarrel, the cat tore her friend's forehead and arm to blood. Sewed up. There was still such a bad moment in their family. The youngest son, by the way, already has a "big forehead", he was about 17 years old, always teased Kesska, as a result he received from her according to the "full program", they barely tear her off.
The thing is that the Siamese - very loyal to their masters, their family, to the rest - she is either indifferent, or tries to avoid communication with "strangers" at all, well, and if they even think about it, she can teach a lesson. Ours does not like familiarities from strangers, but no one even guesses what kind of “rag” she is with us - do what you want with her and purrs and caresses. On the contrary, I like this feature in them - others will not “sell out” for sausage.
My girlfriend gave my husband DR. Siamese kitten. A wonderful, small, charming creature! They called Venus and were completely fascinated by his blue eyes, dark ears and paws, how fun he was chasing a ball and a bow tied with a thread to a chair. Believe me - absolutely nothing that could offend his feline dignity and honor. And after a couple of weeks, having fully mastered himself, he put such a heap on my pillow that I didn’t even at first find out who had piled SO MUCH. We sat and wondered what could Victor have done in Vienna? I interrogated with an addiction - didn’t I kick? Or maybe he shouted? Maybe when he washed his hands, he sprayed water on him? No, nothing like that.
Okay, we live. Soon the husband found the same bunch in his boots. And away we go - pissed jeans, ragged legs, and all the same notorious mountains of poop wherever the husband inadvertently forgot his clothes or thing. Why did he dislike him so much? We still do not know, but six months later they presented Venya to her husband as an employee in a private house. A friend still thanks us for the wonderful fighting cat, which catches frenzied mice and rats and built the whole cat shit in the neighborhood.
History of breed origin
Siamese cats are a native breed of Southeast Asia, especially popular in Thailand. Actually, the former name of Thailand is the kingdom of Siam, from the name of which the name of the breed came from.
Today you can also meet such a breed as a Thai cat. To avoid confusion, it’s worth explaining right away: modern Thai and Siamese cats have the same roots, however, the breeders worked harder on the Siamese, and the Thai cat looks about the same as its “wild” ancestors hundreds of years ago.
Photo from Rose Tenent's book “The Book of the Siamese Cat”, first half of the 20th century
In Thailand, Siamese cats were considered sacred animals, they were protected by law and often lived in temples, taking part in various ritual events. Siamese cats were also revered in the monasteries of Tibet, where from a colder climate they were almost black in color and, according to legend, treasures were protected.
Siamese first came to Europe at the end of the 19th century, thanks to British colonial policy - English diplomats exported several of these animals, receiving them as a gift from Siamese officials. Siamese cat came to Russia as a personal gift to Nicholas II from King Siam Chulalongkorn. Then 200 animals of the original phenotype were brought to Peter, which formed the basis of the Russian population.
On the right is the old-type exterior of the Siamese cat, called today Thai, on the left is the modern exterior of the Siamese cat of the color lilyak point
The breeding of Siamese cats began in Britain. In 1902, the first breed standard was approved. English breeders have identified and strengthened such features of animals as large ears, a wedge-shaped head, thin long legs. These traits crystallized in the United States, where in the 50s a new breed standard was adopted.
Specialists today distinguish about 40 varieties of Siamese cats.
External features of Siamese cats
Modern Siamese cats have a fairly characteristic appearance, the most noticeable details of which are the almond-shaped eyes of blue color, large, vertically set ears, the tips of which conditionally create a regular triangle with the nose. Siamese are also characterized by a long thin tail and a rather powerful, but graceful body, covered with short, tight-fitting silky hair without undercoat. Animals weigh on average from 3 to 8 kg, growth at the withers reaches 30 cm.
Coloring is another characteristic feature of Siamese cats. Although experts distinguish many types of Siamese color, the original “mask” on the face, the color of the ears, tail and extremities - they are always dark compared to other parts of the body, remains unchanged. This is caused by the difference in skin temperature - at extreme points its value is usually lower, as a result of which the hair in these places has a higher content of dark pigment.
Siamese kittens at the time of birth are completely white, and the characteristic darkening of their fur appears after some time. They acquire their final color only simultaneously with puberty. This is a manifestation of acromelanism, incomplete albinism, which is associated with temperature conditions. Dark areas are called points, and the specific colors of the Siamese are called color points, the variations of which are quite a lot: forces, blue, liliac, tabby, chocolate, etc.
The specifics of the colors of the Siamese cat (photo gallery)
There are also related breeds with a characteristic color, blue eyes, but other body proportions, features of the coat, the shape of the muzzle and other “cosmetic” differences (Balinese, Oriental, Peterbald, thin cat, Thai, etc.). Common features of the representatives of the Siamese-Oriental group:
- flexible, graceful body
- almond-shaped eyes
- whip-like tail,
- large ears
- wedge-shaped muzzle,
- good health,
- friendliness and talkativeness.
What is the difference between Siamese and Thai cats
The modern Thai cat is, in the language of experts, the old-type exterior of the Siamese cat. Through the efforts of enthusiastic felinologists, he was saved and isolated in a separate breed.
Modern Thai cats have rounder and softer shapes compared to Siamese
The vast majority of cats known in our country as Siamese, according to their pedigree characteristics, should be considered Thai. However, do not be confused by this felinological confusion - the character of Thai and Siamese cats is almost identical.
- the body of Thai cats has more roundness, while in Siamese the body is elongated, even somewhat exhausted,
- the tips of the ears of Thai cats are rounded, those of Siamese ones are pointed,
- Thai cats have a medium-length tail, fleshy and pubescent, in Siamese cats the tail resembles a whip, it is so thin,
- there is a difference in the section of the eyes: the Siamese have slanting eyes, and the Thais are rounder,
- Thai breed refers to "open", Siamese to "closed.
Visual representation of the characteristic physical differences between Thai and Siamese cats
The nature and behavior of Siamese cats
Siamese cats are very active and social. They love human contact and dynamic games. They are very attached to their owners, constantly need attention. In comparison with many other cats, they sleep almost one and a half times less, so if you decide to have a Siamese cat, it will not be boring.
And they are very affectionate and trusting, they require a minimum of physical care for themselves and a maximum of emotional returns from a person.
Siamese cats love when their owners pet
Positive qualities and disadvantages of the breed
Siamese are very smart and easy to train. They are very “talkative”, and they know how to use their vocal chords, changing the pitch and tone, reporting on their emotions or desires.
“Sociability” and the activity of the Siamese are far from suitable for everyone. If you prefer calm and measured - an overly active animal that constantly requires your attention will act more as an irritating factor.
Siamese cats can be trained like dogs, even the methods can be used the same
Siam and environment
It is also often said about Siamese that their behavior is much similar to that of a dog - they can be trained in teams, they need human attention. Equally warm are all family members. They behave neatly with children, they release their claws extremely rarely, but they are unlikely to squeeze themselves much. Although this is already exclusively individual - there are Siamese cats that allow themselves to be squeezed in every possible way, but there are also more "strict" ones in this regard - these can hiss unequivocally if they don’t like something.
However, contrary to popular belief, Siamese cats are by no means vindictive. Even if the animal has a “complex” character, it is enough to simply study its features and not disturb the cat’s comfort zone.
To strangers they are curious and generally quite trusting. They get along well with other pets: they don’t climb fish, parrots and hamsters are not strangled, they don’t offend other cats. Conflicts can occur only with dogs, however, here everything depends solely on the characters of both animals.
All representatives of the Siam-Oriental group are excellent hunters.
What diseases do Siamese cats most often suffer from?
Typical genetic diseases are strabismus and creases on the tail.
Strabismus cannot be unambiguously attributed either to simply inherited qualities, or to the result of dysgenesis (incompatibility of parental genomes). For strabismus, the Cs allele is responsible, the same as for the characteristic acromelanic color of animals, however, the main role in the manifestation of this trait is played by some other modifying genes that are still unknown to researchers.
Strabismus is a genetic disease that is characteristic of all representatives of the siamo-oriental group
The creases on the tail are a separate topic for Siamese myths. So, according to the legends, the knots on the tails of Siamese cats were knitted by Thai aristocrats who, bathing, put their precious rings on the tails of animals. And this custom began from the time of a certain princess who lost her ring by hanging it before bathing a cat on its tail.
The presence of creases on the tails has long been considered a feature of the breed, however, as it turned out, this was a consequence of mating close relatives. This genetic mutation caused animals much suffering, because the tail is, in fact, an extension of the spine. Animals experiencing pain could behave aggressively, from where legends came about the evil character of the Siamese cat.
Through the efforts of breeders, painful genes are now extremely rare. In general, Siamese is a breed with fairly good health. Of course, a lot depends on care and nutrition. It is also worth regularly inspecting the animal at the veterinarian.
Siamese cats are centenarians. They often live up to 20 years or more, although experts say that the average age of representatives of this breed is 15-17 years.
Siamese cats feel great both at home and in the fresh air, this is a great breed for living in a private house
How to choose a Siamese kitten
It is best to choose a kitten from the breeders or in the nursery. The price of a kitten can range from $ 100 to $ 3,000 and depends on both its compliance with pedigree standards and the pricing policy of a particular breeder.
Kittens come in three types: for castration, for breeding and for exhibitions. As a rule, professional breeders conclude a contract with the buyer, which sets out the obligations of the owner in the future to participate in breeding or to castrate the animal.
Siamese kitten, blue point, age 1 month
When choosing a thoroughbred kitten, it is also worth looking at his parents, their pedigree and evidence of a medical examination carried out before mating. Also, the kitten must have a pedigree, a metric, a veterinary passport, a vaccination certificate.
The kitten itself must be active, playful, make contact. It should not have any extra discharge on the mucous membranes. The ears and the skin should be clean.
When choosing a kitten, it is important to understand that representatives of the Siamese and oriental smooth-haired breeds have identical physiology and differ only in color and eye color, in Siamese they are characteristic points and blue eyes, in orientals - eyes of blue, yellow or green colors and various color variations: plain , tabby, tortoiseshell, etc. To be sure that you are choosing a Siamese kitten, pay attention to the corresponding entry in his documents and the documents of his parents.
Breeders can remember a similar pattern:
- from two Siamese only Siamese are born,
- both Siamese and orientals can be born from Siamese and Oriental,
- from two orientals not only orientals can be born, but also Siamese.
You can distinguish a Siamese kitten from a Thai one both by the characteristic features described above and by looking at his parents. In this case, representatives of the Thai breed cannot be the parents of a Siamese kitten, since the characteristic pedigree of modern Siamese was formed by decades of directional selection.
Siamese kitten, color seal point, age 2 months
Kittens must be taken home at the age of 3 months - by this time they are already independent enough to easily survive moving to a new place of residence, and at the same time, they are still actively forming habits, behavioral reactions and affections. In addition, by this age, the kitten, as a rule, is already accustomed to the tray and all the necessary hygiene procedures.
The exception is only kittens "for exhibitions" - show-class. They are not born like that - only experts include animals at such special exhibitions at special exhibitions, where animals are allowed only after 3 months, so kittens of the show and top shows of the class are animals no less than 4 months old with relevant exhibition certificates.
Show-class animals are the most desirable for breeding.
Hygiene: bathing, combing, clipping, brushing ears and teeth
Siamese cats have a different attitude to swimming, however, even if the animal likes water procedures, there is often no need to carry them out. Optimally - once every six months, using any quality or specific shampoo prescribed by the veterinarian. During bathing, the main thing is that water does not get into the ears of the animal.
Special care for Siamese hair is also not required - it is enough to stroke the animal with a wet palm once every couple of days. So you can quickly and easily remove excess hair. During periods of seasonal molting, you can gently comb out your pet with a brush with a fine natural pile in the direction of hair growth.
In general, Siamese cats are quite supportive of swimming and other hygiene procedures.
You can cut the claws once every two weeks, cutting off with nail clippers about 2 mm. The main thing is not to touch the pinkish core of the claw - it is clearly visible.
Ears can be cleaned once a week. For cleaning, ordinary ear buds are perfect, whose cotton swab needs to be moistened in a special antiseptic from a pet store or regular hydrogen peroxide. Before cleaning, the excess antiseptic from the swab must be wrung out. Cleaning is done carefully without any extra effort. The inner cavity of the ear should be clean, pinkish in color.
Veterinarians strongly recommend brushing Siamese teeth, because representatives of this breed have a natural tendency to dental problems. Brushing your teeth will help to avoid them. This procedure is performed once a month using a special toothbrush and toothpaste, which you can also buy at the pet store.
With proper care, Siamese cats can live more than 20 years.
A distinctive feature of the Siamese cat is its characteristic color, in which the body has a light color (from beige to creamy or dark cream), and the legs, ears, tail and muzzle (points) are dark brown or black. An interesting fact, but Siamese kittens are born completely white, and only after a few days begin to darken. The final color is set in about 6-10 months. Siamese coat is short, dense and shiny, has almost no undercoat, so the breed is perfect for allergy sufferers.
Siamese cat is an unusually flexible, slim and graceful animal. She has an elongated skeleton, but her muscular shoulders and hips. On a small head are triangular ears, and the bright blue eyes of the amygdala form are ideally combined with the general color of the body. The Siamese have long thin legs and a long elongated tail, slightly tapering towards the end.
Features of the organization of the toilet
In fact, there are no features. Choose a tray of closed type or with high edges so that the animal does not spread the filler during instillation.
Choose a filler based on your budget, personal experience and animal preferences. If you are at a loss with a choice - try all the types presented in those supermarkets where you usually shop. The best option in this way will be determined experimentally. You can start such experiments with clumping clay or silica gel fillers - they retain odor well and are economically consumed.
Features of catering
Nutrition is very important! The health of your cat depends on the quality of food.
Experts recommend feeding animals only with industrial feed of the super-premium or holistic class. Such a diet may look “monotonous” from the point of view of a person, however, it saturates the feline organism with all the necessary substances, vitamins and trace elements, being optimally balanced in composition. You can’t achieve this quality of food with your own cooking. Among the feeds, preference is given to feeds of the super-premium class or holostik from Acana, Purina, Schesir, ProNature or Applaws. Servings are usually indicated on the packaging. Before purchasing, also study the composition of the feed - it should not contain cereals or gluten, and in the first place among the ingredients should be protein.
Home-made food means extra time, effort and money, while industrial feed nourishes the animal’s body with all the necessary elements, saving your resources
Sex life and breeding
You can start knitting Siamese in 1.5–2 years. You can knit animals with all representatives of the Siamese-oriental group. In the past, breeders have repeatedly resorted to such crosses, resulting in new breeds of Siamese-oriental cats.
The first mating is usually arranged with a more experienced partner. You can always find a suitable couple at a local feline club or at a thematic exhibition. It is necessary to agree on the mating in advance, as soon as the cat began the first estrus. In this context, it is very important to do everything on time. Cats are usually mated during the third estrus. In the case of cats, breeders wait until the animal is fully formed physically and grows strong enough.
Before breeding, when it comes to breeding, animal owners enter into a breeding agreement that sets out the rights and obligations of each of the parties, the remuneration of the owners of the male, the procedure for separation of kittens, if any, as well as the conditions for keeping and certification of kittens.
Siamese cats form stable attachments, so some breeders prefer to keep cats in pairs
Before mating, animals are cleaned of parasites, vaccination is necessary, and they are taken to a veterinary clinic for examination. As a rule, the procedure for preparing for knitting is prescribed in the binding contract. The claws are also trimmed to prevent the animals from injuring each other.
The female is usually brought into the territory of the male and animals are left alone in a spacious room. Animals also leave their trays, bowls with the usual food and water. Direct mating occurs many times over, on average, 3 days. It is possible to determine whether the mating has taken place according to the behavior of the cat - it becomes relaxed, fondles the cat, allows itself to lick. Total mating lasts up to 5 days.
The cat's gestation period is at least 65 days. There are 4–5 kittens on average in a litter.
Brood of three month old kittens
Castration and sterilization
Castration of animals is recommended at about the age of 8–10 months. However, in this case, everything is purely individual, so it is better to consult with your veterinarian directly on this issue.
The operation itself is carried out at home (by a visiting veterinarian) or in a veterinary clinic under general anesthesia. The operation is not complicated. The animal departs from anesthesia for about a day, during this period it needs to ensure peace and free access to water and food. In males, the incision site heals in 3-5 days, in females a little longer - up to two weeks. Females are recommended to wear postoperative blankets. Some experts prescribe an analgesic for females for a period of 5–7 days so that the animal does not experience discomfort during the recovery period.
An alternative to postoperative blanket can be a protective cone.
Owner reviews about the breed
Martin is a Siamese cat, a dear creature, he has never met cats more affectionately, except perhaps his dad Sheriff, whom the children dragged by the tail on the floor and without consequences. There is an opinion that the Siamese are evil and vengeful, nothing like that. I’m not talking about anger at all - fiction, but revenge, well, except that it pushes with a paw when you step on the tail. Martin perfectly understands the intonation of the voice, knows the meaning of many words.
There is one caveat - these cats can not be raised by violence! No usual methods of education with slippers, slaps, other punishments - they do not work! In response to such an impact - the cat simply turns off the brain from stress, and it becomes DULL, like a cork! Just stupid! And you won’t do anything with it. If you continue the punishment, the cat will not understand what he gets for and will assume that you simply DO NOT LOVE him! He will begin to defend his right to live in an apartment, mark, poop and write anywhere, spoil things and so on, all from stress! Cats can easily learn if they use normal training techniques, like dogs, with affection and a simple ban. And treat like a little child who cannot be beaten and cannot be yelled at. It’s easier for the cat to not immediately be allowed to do something than to wean it from it later! since these cats are very smart and write all actions to their brain the first time. If you don’t need to go somewhere, do not let them go there from the first day. If you climbed the wrong way, or is doing something wrong - just remove it. If the cat continues, clean it several more times, you can carefully set it out the door. I can say that to all my desires my cat Filia fulfilled 100 percent regarding the breed! I have a beautiful cat at home without any problems in maintenance and care. affectionate dear friend who participates in all household chores when I am at home and understands any mood of the hostess.
Siamese cats perfectly adapt to life on the street, but at the same time they continue to urgently need human attention
Siamese cats are smart and active, affectionate and friendly. They are very amenable to training, have good health, do not require much time to care for themselves. Siamese are very "sociable", they understand the mood of the owner well, capture the intonation and emotional color of speech. In a word, loyal and reliable friends with whom you will not get bored.