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Crested marsupial rat or bipedal marsupial mouse (lat. Dasyuroides byrnei) - a unique creature. This is the only representative of a kind that is part of a family of predatory marsupials. Here it is adjacent to the famous Tasmanian devil and a funny marsupial jerboa.

Bipedal marsupial mouse belongs to vulnerable species. She lives in deserts and semi-deserts of such states of Australia as Queensland and South Australia. Also, a small population lives in the Northern Territory. The crested tailed marsupial rat is active at night, as it is usually too hot here during the day. In the daytime, hides in minks.

As soon as the sun goes below the horizon, the marsupial mouse is selected for hunting. She feeds on insects and spiders, sometimes small lizards, birds and small rodents of other species fall into her paws. It hunts on the ground, but if necessary, easily climbs onto a vertical surface, overcoming a height of more than 45 cm. The non-slip soles of the feet covered with hair and, of course, claws help it in this.

Outwardly, the two-tailed marsupial mouse is very similar to a rat. The length of her body reaches 14-18 cm, another 13-14 cm fall on the tail. The weight of the animal varies from 70 to 140 g, while males are 30 g heavier than females
The head of the marsupial rat is slightly elongated, the ears are medium in size. The tail has almost no thickening at the base, but a comb of black hair flaunts at its tip. It was he who gave the name to the species. The rest of the body is covered with soft hair.

The brood pouch of the crested tailed marsupial rat is almost undeveloped. Cubs are born after a 32-day pregnancy and feed on breast milk for about 3.5 months. One female usually has at least 5-6 small mice. Their life expectancy will be only 3-6 years, if only earlier they would not fall into the clutches of their predatory neighbors in the mainland.

Description:

Predatory marsupials are primitive and closest to American possums. They have an archaic dental system with a full range of incisors. A typical primitive structure of the hind limbs is typical for them: they are five-fingered, all fingers are well developed and separated from one another. The dental system, the structure of the legs and the size of these animals suggest that one of the most primitive members of the family - the yellow-legged marsupial mouse - is very similar to the ancient original form from which all marsupials once evolved.

The family of predatory marsupials has 2 subfamilies: the most species-rich primitive subfamily of marsupial mice and the subfamily of predatory marsupials proper.

Representatives of the subfamily of marsupial mice (Phascogalinae) in size resemble ordinary mice and rats. Among them there are very small forms. For example, the body length of the northern marsupial mouse (Planigale ingrami) is only 45 mm. This is the smallest living marsupial.

Marsupial mice are characterized by a primitive dental system: they have many small incisors and primitive three-tubercular molars, convenient for grinding insects. The basis of the nutrition of these animals is beetles, locusts, millipedes, arachnids, earthworms, small lizards. Marsupial mice also attack house animals introduced by humans and even rats. These are agile, bold and voracious animals.

The subfamily has 10 genera and 43 species. Most of them (the genera Antechinus, Planigale, Dasycercus and Sminthopsis) are known as marsupials. The animals belonging to the genera Phascogale and Dasyuroides are larger, they are usually called marsupial rats. They are adjoined by 3 New Guinean genera (Murexia, Phascoloso-geh, Neophascogale) and the recently isolated West-Australian genus Ningaui.

Most representatives of the subfamily are inhabitants of arid and semi-arid regions: forests, mountains, steppes and semi-deserts.

As already mentioned, in different types of bag is developed very differently. Studying this subfamily, one can trace how the bag of marsupials in general was formed by gradual transitions. The number of nipples in representatives of this subfamily varies from 4 to 12, which approximately corresponds to the number of cubs.The size of the newborn is about 1 cm.

Marsupial mice climb trees well. Their usual shelters are voids and crevices in rocks, trees, and soil.

The vast genus of wide-legged marsupial mice (Antechinus) has 14 species. The most characteristic representative of the genus is the yellow-footed marsupial mouse (A. flavipes). This is the most numerous and widespread representative of the genus. It is the most primitive of the Australian marsupials in the shape of its teeth and well-separated toes. In size, it resembles a large mouse or a young rat. It is widespread throughout the mainland of Australia. The bare feet with meaty pads and long claws help her climb trees and walls. The yellow-footed marsupial mouse easily runs even on the ceiling of the caves in which it often settles. Nests carefully woven from the leaves of eucalyptus are placed in inaccessible places, for example at the ceiling of the cave.

Flat-headed marsupials (genus Planigale) belong to 5 species. They are characterized by a highly flattened skull, similar to a lizard skull. Thanks to him, animals can crawl into the narrowest crevices, for example, into cracks in dry soil. They inhabit drying marshes and ponds, usually covered with impenetrable thickets of hard grasses. The basis of nutrition is locusts. All representatives of the genus are smaller than our house mouse.

Two of the five species belonging to the genus Planigale, are now close to complete extinction and are listed in the IUCN Red List.

The crested tailed marsupial mouse, or mulgara (Dasycercus cristicauda), is the only representative of the genus. Lives in the Australian deserts. At the base of the tail there is a thickening containing reserves of fat. This is a daytime animal. She often lies flat, like a lizard, and basks in the sun. It can tolerate very large (for mammals) doses of insolation. The bag is almost absent. The cubs hanging on the nipples of the mother for about a month are protected only by a small lateral fold of the skin. It is difficult to catch and observe these animals. Mulgara is very voracious, but easily tamed and lives well in captivity. Destroys many house mice and even rats.

Slender, bony-eared narrow-legged marsupials are representatives of the vast genus Sminthopsis, numbering 13 species. Most of them live on the mainland of Australia, 1 species - on the Aru Islands at the western tip of New Guinea. They inhabit arid steppes and semi-desert areas. Predominantly insectivorous, but in the case of the case, they willingly attack house mice and other small animals. They have very developed care for offspring. A farmer in New South Wales plowed a narrow-legged marsupial mouse with ten young cubs hanging from its mink with a plow. He noticed her as she slowly walked away with her overwhelming burden. When several cubs were removed from her, she did not run away, and ran around with a squeak, until she was able to gather all ten of her back on her back.

Narrow-legged marsupials are well tamed. They are very voracious. So, one animal weighing about 20 g per night in a cage ate 5 earthworms and 3 small lizards - ate it without a trace, with skin and bones. These animals are very useful, because in a huge amount they destroy insects: locusts, cockroaches, termites. Unfortunately, in many areas, narrow-legged marsupials are almost destroyed by feral cats.

The genus Sminthopsis is currently classified as marsupial jerboas (S. laniger), which were previously isolated into a special genus. These are graceful small animals with large ears and highly developed hind legs and tail, jumping almost up to 2 m long. The forelimbs, although shorter than the hind limbs, are not as reduced as, for example, the kangaroo. The “technique” of their movement is more like a hare jumping. Feet swollen in the shape of pillows. The tail is very long, with a brush on the end and is bent so that the animal can lean on it during the jump, as real jerboas and kangaroos do.

Marsupial jerboas inhabit the dry savannahs of East Australia and the rocky or sandy areas of the Central Australian Desert. These are strictly nocturnal animals, very poorly studied. They are insectivorous, but on occasion attack small lizards and rodents, in captivity feed on meat. Put in a box with mice, they are immediately attacked. The usual number of cubs is 7. The bag is poorly developed and opens back.

Now the marsupial jerboa, especially its eastern Australian subspecies, is so rare that it is threatened with complete extinction. Included in the IUCN Red List.

Marsupial rats differ from marsupial mice in size. There are 2 genera of marsupial rats: carp-tailed (Phascogale) and comb-tailed (Dasyuroides). Pistachios rats, especially taphos (Phascogale tapoatafa), which were especially widespread throughout Australia, were the scourge of the first European immigrants: they devastated their pantries and bird yards. Currently, the basis of nutrition of these animals is rodents introduced by humans. Tafa is one of the first marsupials seen by Europeans in Australia. In size, it resembles a large rat. She has a long, pointed muzzle, a tail ending with a tassel, and a beautiful bluish-gray skin.

Tafa easily climbs trees, lives in hollows or burrows. Its flexibility, speed of movement and bloodthirstiness can be compared with our affection. This is a smart and ferocious predator. The importation of poultry, mice and rats by man created favorable conditions for this small predator. When meeting with a man, tafa is fierce and courageous. Her bites are very painful. Tame tafa is extremely difficult. In captivity, is fierce and tries to escape.

The second Vcch of the genus Phascogale - the small marsupial rat (Ph. Calura) is very rare and is included in the IUCN Red List.

The genus Neophascogale, recently isolated from it, is close to the genus Phascogale; the only species of this genus, the marsupial rat Lorentz (N. lorentzi), is found in New Guinea. The genus Ningaui has also been created recently; it includes two species of animals that inhabit the deserts of Western Australia.

The crested tailed marsupial rat (Dasyuroides byrnei) is the only representative of the genus, differs from other marsupial mice and rats by the absence of a thumb on its paws. The tail is slightly thickened due to fat deposits. This resident of sandy and rocky deserts was found in Central Australia only at the end of the last century. Lifestyle is almost unstudied.

New Guinean marsupial rats (genus Murexia) are smaller than Australian rats: their body length is 11-20 cm, their tail is 15-18 cm. There are 2 species in the genus. Outwardly, they look like our sleepyheads. The coat is short and dense, gray-brown on top and light on the belly. They live on trees in rainforests, climbing mountains to a height of 3000 m. They feed on insects and small vertebrates.

Striped marsupial rats (Phascolosorex) live in the mountains of New Guinea. They are also small (body length 13-17 cm), have an elongated muzzle, orange belly or brown-red. Wood predators. There are 2 species in the genus.

The subfamily of predatory marsupials (Dasyurinae) includes larger and highly organized animals. The subfamily includes small-sized spotted animals, known in Australia under the name marsupial martens, and a larger one, the Tasmanian devil. Outwardly, these animals are very different, but their origin is common.

Marsupial martens represent a transitional group from insectivorous marsupial mice to real predators - the Tasmanian devil, and then the marsupial wolf. In the structure of their teeth, one can trace a number of transitions from an insectivorous type of nutrition to predatory. Marsupial martens closely resemble small predators such as martens or mongooses. They have a thin, graceful muzzle and a long fluffy tail. The gray or reddish skin is covered with evenly spaced white spots. According to the legends of local residents, these spots are traces of wounds accidentally received by these animals during the battle that occurred between the two heroes of the South Australian tribes - Pilla and Inda. Marsupial martens played a large role in ancient rites and participated in mystical religious ceremonies.

Almost all marsupial martens are arboreal animals. They track down prey and overtake with a jump. There are 6 species of marsupial martens belonging to 2 genera: Dasyurus and Myoictis. Of these, the most primitive pygmy marten (Dasyurus hallucatus) is a small, purely woody species.Below are considered in more detail 2 species: quoll and tiger marsupial marten.

A representative of spotted marsupial martens quoll (Dasyurus viverrinus) was named by this native name as early as 1773 in J. Cook's Travel Description. This small predator was numerous in many areas of Australia. Fifty years after the start of colonization, he began to meet less often, and now has completely disappeared from a number of places. The size of a small cat, resembling the appearance of a mongoose or civet, the quoll has black, gray or brown wool, mottled with whitish spots. Depending on whether he currently has cubs or not, the bag is missing or well developed. The female has 6 nipples. however, the number of simultaneously born cubs can reach 24, in this case those who survive will be able to attach to the nipples of the mother first survive.

The food of the quoll is very diverse - insects, lizards, small birds, mammals, fish, which he lies in wait on the banks of water bodies. The colonization of Australia created favorable conditions for him: poultry, rabbits, rats, mice became his favorite food. At first, the colonists mercilessly exterminated the quoll, which devastated their houses and pantries. However, soon the attitude towards him changed, and now the Australians appreciate him as a useful assistant, in the mass of exterminating mice, rats and young rabbits. In 1901 - 1903 an epizootic spread among the Kwolls, after which he disappeared from many parts of Australia. Now the corolla has become very rare. Included in the IUCN Red List.

Kvoll is an intelligent and courageous, but not a ferocious animal. It lends itself well to taming. Active at night. In the afternoon he sleeps in his lair - a crevice of a rock or a hollow, and at dusk he goes in search of prey.

The largest of the marsupial martens is the five-tailed marsupial marten (D. maculatus), which has a tail evenly covered with white spots. The length of her body is about 75 cm, tail 35 cm. The female is slightly smaller than the male. Distributed in Eastern Australia and Tasmania. This is a ferocious predator strong enough to cope with a large cat and withstand even dogs. A real arboreal animal, it has a well-developed thumb and squeezed pads of the feet, well “sticking” to the branches of trees. By the structure of the teeth, it is more adapted to beggarly meat, as evidenced by its sharp-tuberous molars. The bag consists of folds that limit the milky zero in front and on the sides. Cubs (there are from 4 to 6) are born in May, the Australian fall. Spotted-tailed marsupial marten preys mainly at night. The diet is diverse, consisting mainly of birds (chickens, guinea fowl), bird eggs, rabbits and smaller mammals and reptiles. However, due to its size and great strength, it preys on larger animals: herons, wood sums and even young wallaby. Bold and agile, she can be careful and patient if necessary.

Spotted-tailed marsupial marten is found mainly in forest areas. Climbing straight up the trunks of large eucalyptus trees and ruining bird nests, located even at the ends of long branches. Picking up the birds on the branches, she jumps and catches them right on the fly before she reaches the ground. Often hunts for sleeping birds.

In relation to humans, this cat is a timid and secretive animal. However, this is one of the most warlike inhabitants of the Australian bush. There is a known case when two Irish terriers could do nothing with a spotted-tailed marsupial marten hiding under the roots of a tree. In another case, after a long fight, she bit an enormous feral cat that attacked her. In the presence of prey, she often ignores the danger. One Tasmanian farmer found her in broad daylight at the moment when she was eating the remains of the Wallaby. The farmer swung an ax at her, the animal bounced to the side, but, seeing that the man was no longer moving, he immediately returned to his prey.

Striped marsupial marten (Myoictis melas) is the only member of the genus.This small animal (body length 17-21 cm, tail 14-20 cm), hardly studied, inhabits the plain forests of New Guinea, Salavati Islands and Aru Islands.

A close relative of marsupial martens is the Tasmanian devil (Sarcophilus harrisii). In contrast to the species just examined, the devil is a land animal, reminiscent of its heavier build and dark color of a small bear. It is a stocky predator about 50 cm long, with a large head, short black tail and black skin, often speckled with white spots.

The fight between the Tasmanian devil and the first European colonists broke out after the first meeting. The first European settlers of Tasmania were convicts, accompanied by their guard and a few colonists. The food in the first colonies was poorly established, there was not enough meat, and the settlers were counting on poultry brought with them from England. On this basis, they soon became acquainted with the Tasmanian devil, who began to vigorously destroy the chickens. The repulsive expression of the muzzle, the black coat, the sinister growl and bloodthirstiness gave rise to his name. This beast was ruthlessly exterminated, especially since its meat was edible and, according to the colonists, tasted like veal in taste.

Currently, the Tasmanian devil is found only in Tasmania, although, in all likelihood, he used to inhabit the mainland of Australia. Fossils of it were discovered in the south of Western Australia. The presence of skulls and bones of this species in the kitchen remnants of the natives supports the assumption that it could exist here relatively recently. In 1912, one such animal was killed 60 miles from Melbourne, however, in all likelihood, it was a beast that escaped from the willow zoo.

Numerous in the vicinity of Hobart at the beginning of the 19th century, the Tasmanian devil retreated further and further into the undeveloped forest and mountain parts of Tasmania as the population grew. However, people continued to pursue him. When sheep were brought to Tasmania and they were attacked by local predators, the Tasmanian devil was again blamed for this, although the marsupial wolf was probably more to blame. As the island was developed, the Tasmanian devil retreated farther and farther, until he found himself in almost inaccessible rocks, here he managed to gain a foothold and thereby avoided complete destruction.

Tasmanian devil hunts at night. Very gluttonous, he eats small and medium animals. Birds, including parrots, young wallaby, kangaroo rats and other smaller mammals, are his constant prey. He often wanders along the shores of water bodies, eating frogs and crayfish, and on the sea coast - edible remains thrown out by the waves. Despite its relatively small size, he is very strong and hardy and, on occasion, attacks animals much larger than himself (for example, sheep).

The “bad reputation” of the Tasmanian devil, apparently, was greatly facilitated by his unpleasant, sinister voice, which caused panic in the first colonists. E. Trafton describes him as a whining grunt, followed by a hoarse cough or, if the beast is angry, a low piercing growl.

For a long time, it was believed that it was impossible to tame the Tasmanian devil. Indeed, when he is caught, he is desperately defending himself, biting. Placed in a cage, he first tries to run away, which he often succeeds due to very strong jaws: there were times when he twisted the bars of the grill with his teeth. However, it is not difficult to tame it, it is only necessary with the desire and ability to get down to business. Grown in captivity, Tasmanian devils become completely tame, frisky and affectionate. Even adult caught animals soon become so tame that they can be stroked. They are very clean, lick themselves endlessly and smooth, love to swim and bask in the sun. They wash their faces with both front paws at once, folding them with a bucket.

The bag consists of a horseshoe-shaped fold of skin that disappears on the back of the abdomen.In the second half of September you can already see a small body or tail sticking out of the bag, and at the end of this month, the female begins to collect straw and dry grass and prepare the nest. Cubs climb trees well. Adults climb worse, but nevertheless they can climb inclined trunks and are easily held on branches. Tasmanian devils swim well, easily cross rivers.

Predatory marsupials (Dasyuridae) - a family of mammals of the order marsupials. Distributed in Australia, Tasmania, New Guinea and adjacent small islands. / (Wikipedia)

Excerpt from the Predatory Marsupials

Marsupialsanimals - These are mammals that give birth to premature offspring. Cubs of marsupial animals are born at an early stage of development and then develop inside a special skin bag of the mother. Most marsupials, with the exception of possums, whose homeland is America. For millions of years, Australia has been isolated from the rest of the world. On other continents, marsupials gave way to placental animals (mammals whose cubs fully develop in the womb) in the struggle for food and living space. Therefore, all of them, with the exception of extinct. But in Australia, marsupials did not have rivals. A number of marsupials has more than 250 species .

Cubs of marsupial animals, being born, have tiny sizes, they are blind and devoid of hair. Their limbs are underdeveloped, but the babies crawl along the mother’s coat to her nipples. After a few months, the cubs leave the bag, but can return to it for the night, until they reach the age of one. Marsupials feed on plant and animal food.

Predatory marsupials - a series of small carnivorous marsupials, which include spotted marsupial martens, narrow-footed marsupials, nambat and Tasmanian devil.

Marsupial Mole

Marsupial Mole - marsupial animal, very similar to ordinary moles in appearance and habits. These creatures dig tunnels underground, hunting for insects and worms. Females have bags opening back and only two nipples (meaning that they can only give birth to two cubs at a time).

Two-tailed marsupials - a number of marsupials, which include kangaroos, wallabies, posums, koalas and wombats. They have two large front teeth on the lower jaw. The second and third toes of the hind legs in these animals are fused. They are predominantly herbivores .

Some interesting facts about marsupials

The body sizes of marsupials range from a few centimeters to 1.5 meters. The smallest marsupial animal on Earth - the long-tailed marsupial mouse . The length of her body is from 80 to 100 mm, the tail from 180 to 210 mm .. The largest marsupial animal is considered a large red kangaroo. . Adult kangaroos can reach 2 m in height. A giant kangaroo baby stays in her mother’s bag for about 235 days.

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Family PREVIOUS SHORT (Dasyuridae)

Primitive and closest to American possums. They have an archaic dental system with a full range of incisors. A typical primitive structure of the hind limbs is typical for them: they are five-fingered, all fingers are well developed and separated from one another. The dental system, the structure of the legs and the size of these animals suggest that one of the most primitive representatives of the family - the yellow-footed marsupial mouse - is very similar to the ancient original form from which all marsupials once evolved.

The family of predatory marsupials (it would be more correct to call it the family of predatory and insectivorous) consists of 2 subfamilies, of which the most abundant species are the primitive subfamily of marsupial mice, or mice, the subfamily of predatory marsupials.

Representatives of the subfamily of marsupial mice, or mice (Phascogalinae), in size resemble ordinary mice and rats. Among them there are very small forms. For example, the body length of the marsupial mouse Kimberly (Planigale subtilissima) is only 45 mm. This is the smallest living marsupial.

Marsupial mice are characterized by a primitive dental system: they have many small incisors and primitive three-tubercular molars, convenient for grinding insects.The basis of the nutrition of these animals is beetles, locusts, millipedes, arachnids, earthworms, small lizards. Marsupial mice also attack house animals introduced by humans and even rats. These are agile, bold and voracious animals.

The subfamily has 10 genera and 34 species. Most of them (the genera Antechinus, Planigale, Dasycercus and Smin-thopsis) are known as a variety of actually marsupial mice, or mice. The animals belonging to the genera Phascogale and Dasyuroides are larger, they are usually called marsupial rats. In addition, marsupial jerboas (genus Antechinomys) belong to the subfamily.

Most representatives of the subfamily are inhabitants of arid and semi-arid regions: forests, mountains, steppes and semi-deserts.

As already mentioned, in different types of bag is developed very differently. Studying this subfamily, one can trace how the bag of marsupials in general was formed by gradual transitions. The number of nipples in representatives of this subfamily varies from 6 to 12, which approximately corresponds to the number of cubs. The size of the newborn is about 1 cm.

Marsupial mice climb trees well. Their usual shelters are voids and crevices in rocks, trees and soil.

Squamous marsupials, or mice (Planigale genus), belong to three species. They are characterized by a highly flattened skull, similar to a lizard skull. Thanks to it, animals can crawl into the narrowest cracks, for example, into cracks in dry soil. They inhabit drying marshes and ponds, usually covered with impenetrable thickets of hard grasses. The basis of nutrition is locusts.

All representatives of the genus are smaller than our house mouse.

Cretaceous marsupials, or mice (the genus Dasycercus), are two species living in the Australian deserts. At the base of the tail there is a thickening containing reserves of fat. These are day animals. They often lie flat, like lizards, and bask in the sun. They can tolerate very large (for mammals) doses of insolation. The bag is almost absent. The cubs hanging on the nipples of the mother for about a month are protected only by a small lateral fold of the skin. It is very difficult to catch and observe these animals. The crested tailed mice of the mulgara (Dasycercus cristicauda) are very voracious, but easily tamed and live well in captivity. Mulgara destroys many house mice and even rats.

Slender, large-eared narrow-legged marsupial mice, or mice, are representatives of the vast genus Sminthopsis, numbering 12 species. Most of them live on the mainland of Australia, one species in Tasmania and one in New Guinea. They inhabit arid steppes and semi-desert areas. Mostly insectivorous, but on occasion willingly attack house mice and other small animals. They have very developed care for offspring. A farmer in New South Wales plowed a narrow-legged marsupial mouse with ten young cubs hanging from its mink with a plow. He noticed her as she slowly walked away with her overwhelming burden. When several cubs were removed from her, she did not run away, and ran around with a squeak, until she was able to gather all ten of her back on her back. Narrow-legged marsupials are well tamed. They are very voracious. So, one animal weighing about 20 g per night in a cage ate 5 earthworms and 3 small lizards - ate it without a trace, with skin and bones. These animals are very useful, because in a huge amount they destroy insects: locusts, cockroaches, termites. Unfortunately, in many areas they are almost destroyed by feral cats.

Marsupial rats differ from marsupials in size. There are two genera of marsupial rats: carp-tailed (genus Phascogale) and crested tailed (genus Dasyuroides).

Marsupial jerboas (genus Antechinomys) are graceful small animals with large ears and highly developed hind legs and tail, jumping almost up to 2 liters long. The forelimbs, although shorter than the hind limbs, are not as reduced as, for example, the kangaroo. The “technique” of their movement is more like a hare jumping. Feet swollen in the shape of pillows. The tail is very long, with a brush on the end and is bent so that the animal can lean on it during the jump, as real jerboas and kangaroos do.

Marsupial jerboas inhabit the dry savannahs of East Australia and the rocky or sandy areas of the Central Australian Desert. These are strictly nocturnal animals, very poorly studied.

They are insectivorous, but on occasion attack small lizards and rodents, in captivity feed on meat. Put in a box with mice, they are immediately attacked.

The usual number of cubs is 7. The bag is poorly developed and opens back.

The subfamily of predatory marsupials (Dasyurinae) includes larger and highly organized animals. The subfamily includes small spotted animals, known in Australia under the name marsupial, or native, cats and the larger marsupial, or Tasmanian, devil. Outwardly, these animals are very different, but their origin is common.

Marsupial, or native, cats are a transitional group from insectivorous mouse species to real predators - the Tasmanian devil, and then the marsupial wolf. In the structure of their teeth, one can trace a number of transitions from an insectivorous type of nutrition to predatory. Native cats resemble ordinary cats, and to a greater extent small predators such as martens or mongooses. They have a thin, graceful muzzle and a long fluffy tail. The gray or reddish skin is covered with evenly spaced white spots. According to the legends of local residents, these spots are traces of wounds accidentally received by these animals during the battle that took place between the two heroes of the South Australian tribes - Pilla and Inda. Marsupial cats played a large role in ancient rites and participated in mystical religious ceremonies.

Almost all marsupial cats are arboreal animals. They track down prey and overtake with a jump. There are 5 types of marsupial cats. Of these, the most primitive small northern cat (Satanellus hallucatus) is a small, purely woody species. The most highly developed representatives of the genus Dasyurops. Two representatives of marsupial cats are considered in more detail below - a quoll and a tiger cat.

The family of coenoses - Caenolestidae Trouessart, 1898

2 subfamilies, up to 7 genera, of which modern - 2–3 genera of the nominative subfamily. Mountain (1500–4000 m) moist forests and meadows of the northwest and north of the South. America.

Genus Coenostrae northern - Caenolestes Thomas, 1895

Sometimes here include Lestoros . 3 types. Distribution - as indicated for the family.

fuliginosus Tomes, 1863 (obscurus Thomas, 1895, tatei Anthony, 1823). Colombia, Venezuela, Ecuador.

caniventer Anthony, 1921. Ecuador, Peru.

convelatus Anthony, 1924. Colombia, Ecuador.

Peruvian genus colesteles - Lestoros Oehser, 1934

Previously considered as part of Caenolestes. . 1 view. C northwest south America (south of Peru).

inca Thomas, 1917 (gracilis Bublitz, 1987). Distribution - as indicated for the genus.

Genus Chilean Colefishes - Rhyncholestes Osgood, 1924

1 view. Mountain forests of the south-west South. America.

raphanurus Osgood, 1924 (continentalis Bublitz, 1987). Distribution - as indicated for the genus.

Tribe Monodelphini Talice et al., 1960

Genus Opossums mouse-like - Marmosa Gray, 1821

Previously, Micoureus was also included here. Thylamys , Gracilinanus Marmo sops . 2 subgenus, about 10 species. Different types of forests (often humid tropical) of the Amazon region South. America, Brazilian Plateau, Center. America and the extreme southwest of the North. America.

Subgenus Marmosa s.str.

murina Linnaeus, 1758 (quichua Thomas, 1899, mer> moreirae Mirando-Ribeiro, 1936). Plain — low-mountain (up to 1300 m) moist tropical forests of the north of the South. America.

rubra Tate, 1931. Ecuador, Peru.

tyleriana Tate, 1931. Mountain (approx. 2000 m) forests of Venezuela.

robinsoni Bangs, 1898 (ruatanica Goldman, 1911). Far North South America, Isthmus of Panama, coastal islands.

xerophila Handley et Gordon, 1979. Plain savannah forests of the far north South. America.

mexicana Merriam, 1897. Center. America, West Sierra Madre

lepida Thomas, 1898. The South American part of the range of the genus.

canescens Allen, 1893. Moist forests of the south of the Mexican Highlands, Yucatan Peninsula, Isthmus of Panama.

Subgenus Stegomarmosa Pine, 1972

andersoni Pine, 1972. Peru.

Genus Mikurei - Micoureus Lesson, 1842

Previously considered as part of Marmosa. . 4–5 species. Tropical South and Center. America

regina Thomas, 1898 (germana Thomas, 1904, mapiriensis Tate, 1931,? phaea Thomas, 1899, rapposa Thomas, 1899). Middle belt of mountains of the eastern macro slope of the Northern and Central Andes.

demerarae Thomas, 1905 (cinerea auct., domina Thomas, 1920). The humid forests of the Amazon region and the Brazilian plateau.

alstoni Allen, 1900. Tropical Rainforest Center. America, Far North South. Americas adjacent to the east of the island.

constantiae Thomas, 1904 (limae Thomas, 1920). South of the Brazilian plateau.

Genus Opossums Patagonian - Lestodelphis Tate, 1934

1 view. Savannahs of Patagonia (south of South America).

halli Thomas, 1921.Distribution - as indicated for the genus.

Genus Opossums graceful - Gracilinanus Gardner et Creighton, 1989

On Grymaeomys Burminster, 1854 (nom.praeocc.). Previously considered as part of Marmosa. . 2 sub-genera (possibly independent genera), up to 10 species. Center and East South. America.

Subgenus Gracilinanus s. str.

aceramarcae Tate, 1931. Locally in the Piedmont Forests Center. Bolivia.

agilis Burmeister, 1854 (blaseri Mirando-Ribeiro, 1936, Londoni Mirando-Ribeiro, 1936, unduaviensis Tate, 1931). Wet savannah forests of Gran Chaco.

dryas Thomas, 1898. Mountain forests of the far north South. America.

emiliae Thomas, 1909 (agricolai Moojen, 1943). East South America.

marica Thomas, 1898. Plain and mountain (up to 2000 m) forests of the far north South. America.

? microtarsus Wagner, 1842 (herhardti Mirando-Ribeiro, 1936). South of the Brazilian plateau.

ignitus Diaz et al., 2002. Piedmont forests of northern Argentina.

longicaudatus Hershkovitz, 1992 (= longicaudus auct.). Locally in the mountain forests of the Center. Colombia.

perijae Hershkovitz, 1992. North Columbia.

Subgenus Hyladelphis Voss et al., 2001

kalinowskii Hershkovitz, 1992. Mountain Forest Center. Peru and the Guiana Highlands.

Genus Opossums, Tailed - Monodelphis Burnett, 1830

In some systems, it is close to Marmosa s. str., stands out with him in a separate tribe. 2 sub-genus, up to 15 species. Forests and savannas of tropical South. America, Center. America.

Subgenus Monodelphis s.str.

brevicaudata Erxleben, 1777 (orinoci Thomas, 1899, touan Daudin, 1799). Tropical South America.

adusta Thomas, 1897. Northwest and North South. America, Center. America.

osgoodi Doutt, 1938. The Central Andes.

kunsi Pine, 1975. Bolivia.

domestica Wagner, 1842. Xerophytic forests of the Brazilian Plateau.

maraxina Thomas, 1923. O. Marajo off the northeast coast of the South. America.

americana Muller, 1776. Tropical South. America.

sorex Hensel, 1872 (henseli Thomas, 1908). South of the Brazilian plateau.

emiliae Thomas, 1912. The Amazon region.

iheringi Thomas, 1888. South of the Brazilian Plateau.

theresa Thomas, 1921. East Sout. America.

unistriata Wagner, 1842. Southeast Sout. America.

Subgenus Minuania Cabrera, 1919

rubida Thomas, 1898. Brazilian Plateau.

scalops Thomas, 1888. Brazilian Plateau.

dimidiata Wagner, 1847 (fosteri Thomas, 1924). Xerophytic forests and savannas of the southeastern part of the South. America.

The genus Tilamys - Thylamys Gray, 1843

Previously considered as part of Marmosa. . 5 types. South America south of Amazonia.

elegans Waterhouse, 1839 (tatei Handley, 1957, venusta Thomas, 1902). Central Andes.

macrura Olfers, 1818 (grisea Desmarest, 1827). Southeast Brazilian Plateau.

pallidor Thomas, 1902 (bruchi Thomas, 1921, formosa Shamel, 1930). South South America.

pusilla Desmarest, 1804 (karimii Petter, 1968). Plain and mountain (up to 3500 m) xerophytic forests and shrub savannas of the central part of the South. America.

velutinus Wagner, 1842. Southeast of the Brazilian Plateau.

Rod Opossums mouse - Marmosops Matschie, 1916

Previously considered as part of Marmosa. . 10–11 species. Northern and central regions of South. America, Center. America.

cracens Handley et Gordon, 1979. The lowland forests of Venezuela.

dorothea Thomas, 1911 (ocellata Tate, 1931, yungasensis Tate, 1931). Bolivia

noctivagus Tschudi, 1845 (leucastra Thomas, 1927, stollei Mirando-Ribeiro, 1936). Amazonia.

fuscatus Thomas, 1896 (carri Allen et Chapman, 1897). Mountain forests of the far north South. America.

incanus Lund, 1840 (scapulatus Burmeister, 1856). East South America.

invictus Goldman, 1912. Center. America

parvidens Tate, 1931. Tropical rainforests in the Amazon region.

pincheiroi Pine, 1981. Northeast Sout. America.

handleyi Pine, 1981. Colombia.

impavidus Tschudi, 1844 (caucae Thomas, 1900, ? neblina Gardner, 1990). Mountain wet forests Center. America, the western macro slope of the Andes in the northwest and west of the South. America.

Tribe Didelphini s.str.

Genus Common possums - D> Linnaeus, 1758

3-4 species. Forests and shrub savannas, partly anthropogenic landscapes (including cities) South. America (except the southern part), Center. America, south and center of North. America.

albiventris Lund, 1840 (? Imperfecta Mondolfi, 1984,? pernigra Allen, 1900). Low mountains of the western and northern regions of the South. America.

marsupialis Linnaeus, 1758. Center. America, Central and Northern South. America.

? aurita Wied-Neuwied, 1826. Brazilian Plateau.

virginiana Kerr, 1792. C is the North American part of the range of the genus.

Four-eyed Opossums - Philander Tiedemann, 1808

On Metachirops. 2 types. Wet Forest Center. America, north and center south. America.

opossum Linnaeus, 1758 (? Mcilhennyi Gardner et Patton, 1972). Distribution - as indicated for the genus (except in the extreme south).

andersoni Osgood, 1913. Western Amazonia.

frenata Olfers, 1818. South of the Brazilian Plateau.

Genus Opossums Thick-Tailed - Lutreolina Thomas, 1910

1 view. Floodplain savannahs and gallery forests of the central part of the South. America.

crassicaudata Desmarest, 1804. Distribution - as indicated for the genus.

Rod Opossums water - Chironectes Illiger, 1811

1 view. Tropical and subtropical riverine humidified forests Center. America, Northern South. America.

minimus Zimmermann, 1780. Distribution - as indicated for the genus.

Subfamily Caluromyinae Kirsch, 1977

Sometimes it stands out in an independent family. Perhaps includes Glironiinae. 2 genera.

Rod Opossums Thick Coated - Caluromys Allen, 1900

3 types. Rainforest Center. America, north and center south. America.

derbianus Waterhouse, 1841. Center. America, Northwest South. America.

lanatus Olfers, 1818 (lanigera Desmarest, 1820). Tropical and subtropical forests South. America.

philander Linnaeus, 1758. Tropical South. America.

Rod Opossums striped - Caluromysiops Sanborn, 1951

1 view.Rainforests of the Northwest South. America.

irrupta Sanborn, 1951. Distribution - as indicated for the genus.

Subfamily Glironiinae Hershkovitz, 1992

Perhaps a member of Caluromyinae in the rank of tribe. 1 genus

Genus Opossums fluffy - Glironia Thomas, 1912

1 view. Rainforests of the West South. America.

venusta Thomas, 1912. Distribution - as indicated for the genus.

Probably a monophyletic taxon. In hailistic systems, Mi - crobiotheria and Dasyuromorphia are usually excluded from this, they are brought closer to Didelphimorphia. 4–5 detachments, of which 1 is neotropic (“living fossil”), the rest are Australian.

Microbiotherium squad - Microbiotheria

Relationships are not entirely clear: in classical systems it usually approaches Didel phimorphia, in the newest it is considered a sister group for other Australidel phia or refers to the basal radiation of all Metatheria. 1 family. From late Cretaceous South. America, in the middle. paleogene - also Antarctica.

Family Dormant possums - Microbiotheriidae Ameghino, 1887

Previously considered as part of Didelphidae. 1 modern and at least 5 fossil genera. Distribution - as indicated for the unit.

Rod Opossums sonoid - Dromiciops Thomas, 1894

= Opossums Chiloe, Bell. 1 view. Moist mountain forests with dense undergrowth in the southwest of the South. America (including some coastal islands).

gliroides Thomas, 1894 (australis Philippi, 1893). Distribution - as indicated for the genus.

Predatory marsupial squad - Dasyuromorphia

Probably a monophyletic taxon, cladistically associated with other Australian endemics, and not with South American families (with them they are sometimes united in the Marsupicarnivora group). 3 families (1 died out in historical time). From early Neogene. Australia, Tasmania, New Guinea and some adjacent islands (incl. Aru).

Marsupial Wolves - † Thylacinidae Bonaparte, 1838

3 genera, including 1 modern. From early Neogene. Tasmania, Australia (extinct in historical time).

Genus Marsupial Wolves - † Thylacinus Temminck, 1824

1 view. Distribution - as indicated for the family.

† cynocephalus Harris, 1808. Distribution - as directed for the family.

Marsupial Anteater Family - Myrmecobiidae Waterhouse, 1841

= Numbats. Perhaps the subfamily as part of Dasyuridae. 1 genus With avg. Neogene. Plain and mountain xerophytic forests and shrub savannas of the South. and Southwest. Australia

Genus Marsupial Anteaters - Myrmecobius Waterhouse, 1836

1 view. Distribution - as indicated for the family.

fasciatus Waterhouse, 1836. Distribution - as directed for the family.

Tribe Phascogalini Gill, 1872

Perhaps an independent subfamily.

Genus Marsupial rats New Guinean - Murexia Tate et Archbold, 1937

Probably refers to the basal radiation of Dasyurinae s. str., sometimes stands out in the subfamily. 5-6 species. Plain and mountain (up to 2500 m) forests of New Guinea, Normanby, Aru.

melanura Thomas, 1899. Mountain forests of New Guinea.

longicaudata Schlegel, 1866. Distribution - as indicated for the genus.

naso Jentink, 1911 (? Habbema Tate et Archbold, 1937). Mountain forests of New Guinea.

wilhelmina Tate, 1947. Central part of New Guinea.

rothschildi Tate, 1938. Forest foothills of eastern New Guinea.

Genus Marsupial Rats - Phascogale Temminck, 1824

2 types. Forest areas of Australia.

tapoatafa Meyer, 1793. North., Southeast. and Southwest. Australia.

calura Gould, 1844. Sporadically in Australia.

Genus Marsupial mice - Antechinus Macleay, 1841

9–11 species. Forest areas of Australia, Tasmania.

godmani Thomas, 1923. Low-mountain tropical forests of the North-East. Australia

stuarti Macleay, 1841. East. Australia.

? adustus Thomas, 1923. North-East. Australia.

subtropicalis Van Dyck et Crowther, 2000. East. Australia

agilis Dickman et al., 1998. North. - West. Australia

flavipes Waterhouse, 1838. East. Australia.

leo Van Dyck, 1980. Mesophytic forests of the North. Australia

bellus Thomas, 1904. North. Australia

swainsoni Waterhouse, 1840. Southeast. Australia, Tasmania.

minimus Geoffroy, 1803. South. Australia

? rosamondae Ride, 1964. West. Australia.

Tribe Dasyurini s.str.

Genus Marsupial Shrews - Phascolosorex Matschie, 1916

Close to Neophascogale , sometimes stands out with him in a separate tribe. 2 types. Foothill and mountain forests of New Guinea.

dorsalis Peters et Doria, 1876. Low and high mountain forests of New Guinea.

doriae Thomas, 1886. Foothills of the western part of New Guinea.

Genus Marsupial rats Lorentz - Neophascogale Stein, 1933

1 view. Mountain forests of central New Guinea.

lorentzi Jentink, 1911. Distribution - as indicated for the genus.

Genus Marsupial mice spotted - Parantechinus Tate, 1947

2 types. Stony Deserts Southwest. and North. Australia

apicalis Gray, 1842. Southwest. Australia.

bilarni Johnson, 1954. North. Australia.

Western Australian marsupials - Dasykaluta Archer, 1982

1 view. West Australia.

rosamondae Ride, 1964. Distribution - as indicated for the genus.

Genus Thick-tailed Marsupials - Pseudantechinus Tate, 1947

Up to 5 species (previously recognized 1). Rocky Desert Zap. and North. Australia

macdonnellensis Spencer, 1896 (? Mimulus Thomas, 1906). West and North. Australia.

bilarni Johnson, 1954. North. Australia.

woolleyae Kitchener et Caputi, 1988. West. Australia

ningbing Kitchener, 1988. West. Australia

roryi Cooper et al., 2000. West. Australia.

Genus Marsupial martens striped - Myoictis Gray, 1858

2 types. Rainforests of New Guinea, Aru Islands, sometimes common in human settlements.

melas Mueller, 1840. New Guinea.

wallacei Gray, 1858. Aru Island.

Genus Marsupial bipedal-tailed mice - Dasyuroides Spencer, 1896

1 view. Deserts of central Australia.

byrnei Spencer, 1896. Distribution - as indicated for the genus.

Genus Marsupial comb-tailed mice - Dasycercus Peters, 1875

1 view. Sandy deserts of central Australia.

cristicauda Krefft, 1867. Distribution - as indicated for the genus.

Genus Marsupial marten spotted - Dasyurus Geoffroy, 1796

6 types. Forest and open spaces of Australia, Tasmania, New Guinea.

hallucatus Gould, 1842. North. Australia.

viverrinus Shaw, 1800. Southeast. Australia, Tasmania.

geoffroii Gould, 1841. Southwest. Australia (in historical time - almost all of Australia except the central regions), the east of New Guinea.

spartacus Van Dyck, 1987. Southwest New Guinea.

albopunctatus Schlegel, 1880. Forests of New Guinea.

maculatus Kerr, 1792. East. Australia, Tasmania.

Genus Marsupial Devils - Sarcophilus Cuvier, 1837

1 view. Tasmania, in historical time, became extinct in Australia.

harrisi Boitard, 1841. Distribution - as indicated for the genus.

Tribe Sminthopsini s.str.

Rod Ningo - Ningaui Archer, 1975

3 types. Dry savannahs and semi-deserts of Australia.

timealeyi Archer, 1975. West. Australia.

yvonnae Kitchener et al., 1983. Zap. and South. Australia.

ridei Archer, 1975. Central Australia.

Narrow-footed marsupial mice - Sminthopsis Thomas, 1887

18–20 species divided into 7 groups. Open (usually arid) landscapes of Australia, New Guinea, nearby islands (incl. Aru).

Group of species " crassicaudata »

crassicaudata Gould, 1844. Desert Center. and South. Australia

Group of species " macroura »

bindi Van Dyck et al., 1994. Savannahs North-East. Australia

butleri Archer, 1979. North. Australia.

douglasi Archer, 1979. Savannahs North-East. Australia

macroura Gould, 1845. Australian open drylands.

virginiae Tarragon, 1847. North. Australia, south and southeast of New Guinea, Aru Island.

Group of species " granulipes »

granulipes Troughton, 1932. South - West. Australia.

Group of species " griseoventer »

aitkeni Kitchener et al., 1984. O. Kangaroo off the south coast of Australia.

griseoventer Kitchener et al., 1984 (? Boullangerensis Crowtheret al., 1999). Southwest Australia.

Group of species " longicaudata »

longicaudata Spencer, 1909. East. and Center. Australia.

Group of species " murina »

archeri Van Dyck, 1986. Savannahs on the South Coast of New Guinea.

dolichura Kitchener et al., 1984. Dry savannahs of the Southwest. and South. Australia

gilberti Kitchener et al., 1984. Dry savannahs of the Southwest. and South. Australia

leucopus Gray, 1842. Southeast. Australia, Tasmania.

murina Waterhouse, 1838. Southeast. and North-East. Australia.

? fuliginosus Gould, 1852. Southwest. Australia.

Group of species " psammophila »

hirtipes Thomas, 1898. Desert and Semi-Desert Center. and West. Australia

ooldea Troughton, 1965. South. Australia

psammophila Spencer, 1895. Sandy Desert Center. and South. Australia

youngsoni McKenzie et Archer, 1982. North-West. Australia.

Genus Marsupial jerboas - Antechinomys Krefft, 1867

1 view. Open arid spaces of Australia.

laniger Gould, 1856. Distribution - as indicated for the genus.

Triba Planigalini Archer, 1982

Genus Marsupials flat-headed mice - Planigale Troughton, 1928

5-6 species. Forest areas, savannahs, semi-deserts of Australia and New Guinea.

Group of species " maculata »

maculata Gould, 1851 (? Sinualis Thomas, 1926). Forest areas and savannas of the North. and East. Australia

Group of species " ingrami »

ingrami Thomas, 1906. Savannah Sev. Australia

tenuirostris Troughton, 1928. Savannahs and shrubs in the interior of East. Australia

gilesi Aitken, 1972. The semi-desert of the interior of the East. Australia

novaeguineae Tate et Archbold, 1941. Foothill forests of the south and east of New Guinea.

Marsupial Moles Family - Notoryctidae Ogilby, 1892

1 genus Desert Center. and West. Australia

Genus Marsupial Moles - Notoryctes Stirling, 1891

2 types. Distribution - as indicated for the family.

typhlops Stirling, 1889. Rec. Australia.

caurinus Thomas, 1920. Center. Australia.

Probably a monophyletic taxon, includes 2 orders.

Bandicoot Squad - Peramelemorphia

= Peramelina. Sister group for Diprotodontia. The prenatal groups are not clear: 2–4 families of different composition stand out (previously united in 1). From early Neogene. Different types of forests and open spaces of Australia, New Guinea, Tasmania, adjacent islands (including the southeastern part of the Malay arch.).

Rabbit Bandicoot Family - Thylacomyidae Bensley, 1903

Sometimes combined with Peramelidae. 1 genus Deserts and semi-deserts of Australia.

Rhode Rabbit Bandicoots - Macrotis Reid, 1837

On Thylacomys Owen, 1838.2 species. Distribution - as indicated for the family.

lagotis Reid, 1837. Distribution — as indicated for the family.

? † leucura Thomas, 1887. Central Australia (possibly extinct).

Subfamily Peramelinae s. str.

In one of the systems, it approaches Thylacomyidae. 2 genera.

Rod Bandicuts Short-Nosed - Isoodon Desmarest, 1817

This genus was previously called Thylacis. that is unauthorized from the point of view of the Code. 3-4 species. Shrubbery and grassy floodplains in Australia, Tasmania, New Guinea.

macrourus Gould, 1842. North. and East. Australia, south and southeast of New Guinea.

obesulus Shaw, 1797 (nauticus Thomas, 1922, peninsulae Thomas, 1922). South Australia, Tasmania.

auratus Ramsay, 1887 (? Barrowensis Thomas, 1901, arnhemensis Lyne et Mort, 1981). North and Center. Australia.

Clan Longicoot Bandicoots - Perameles Geoffroy, 1804

On Thylacis Illiger, 1811.4 species. Open spaces of Australia, Tasmania.

nasuta Geoffroy, 1804. East. Australia.

gunnii Gray, 1838. Savannah Southeast. Australia, Tasmania.

bougainvillei Quoy et Gaimard, 1824 (fasciata Gray, 1841). West and South. Australia

eremiana Spencer, 1897. Sandy Desert Center. Australia

Subfamily Peroryctinae Groves et Flannery, 1990

Sometimes considered as a family, including also Echymiperi nae. 1 genus

New Guinean Bandicoots - Peroryctes Thomas, 1906

2 species (previously included some species of Microperoryctes ) Low-mountain (up to 2000 m) rainforests of New Guinea.

raffrayanus Milne-Edwards, 1878. New Guinea.

broadbenti Ramsay, 1879. East of New Guinea.

Subfamily Echymiperinae McKenna et Bell, 1998

Close to Peroryctinae, in some systems integrates with it. 2 genera.

Genus Mouse-shaped Bandicoots - Microperoryctes Stein, 1932

3 species (some previously included in Peroryctes ) Mountain forests of New Guinea.

longicauda Peters et Doria, 1876. New Guinea.

murina Stein, 1932. West of New Guinea.

papuensis Laurie, 1952. East of New Guinea.

Prickly Bandicoots - Echymipera Lesson, 1842

5 types. Forest Regions of New Guinea, North. Australia, arch. Bismarck, Aru Island, Kai.

clara Stein, 1932. Low-mountain forests of the north of New Guinea.

echinista Menzies, 1990. Foothills and mountains of central New Guinea.

kalubu Fischer, 1829. New Guinea and arch. Bismarck.

rufescens Peters et Doria, 1875. New Guinea, Aru Island, Kai, Sev. Australia (Cape York).

davidi Flannery, 1990. O. Kirivina off the southwest coast of New Guinea.

Rod Bandicoots Seram - Rhynchomeles Thomas, 1920

1 view. Primary rainforests on about. Ceram (Moluccas).

prattorum Thomas, 1920. Distribution - as indicated for the genus.

Wombat Family - Vombatidae Burnett, 1830

= Phascolomyidae Goldfuss, 1820. 2 modern and 4 fossil genera. From early Neogene. Forest and open spaces South. and East. Australia, Tasmania.

Rod Wombats Shorthair - Vombatus Geoffroy, 1803

1 view. Distribution - as indicated for the family.

ursinus Shaw, 1800 (hirsutus Perry, 1810). Southeast. Australia, Tasmania.

Rod Wombats long-haired - Lasiorhinus Gray, 1863

2 types. East - South Australia.

latifrons Owen, 1845. South. Australia.

krefftii Owen, 1873 (barnardi Longman, 1939). East and southeast. Australia.

Koalov Family - Phascolarctidae Owen, 1839

In classical systems it is included in Phalangeridae. 4 fossils and 1 modern genera. From early Neogene. Eucalyptus forests in eastern Australia.

Koala Rod - Phascolarctos Blainville, 1816

= Marsupial bears. 1 view. Distribution - as indicated for the family.

cinereus Goldfuse, 1817. Distribution - as indicated for the family.

Possum Mountain Family - Burramyidae Broom, 1898

Previously considered as part of Phalangeridae. 2 genera. From late paleogene. Forest territories of Australia, Tasmania, New Guinea.

Sort Possum genus - Cercartetus Gloger, 1841

On Cercaertus auct., Eudromicia Mjoberg, 1916.4 species. Distribution - as indicated for the family.

lepidus Thomas, 1888. Southeast. Australia, Tasmania.

caudatus Milne-Edwards, 1877 (macrura Mjoberg, 1916). Rainforests North-East Australia, the middle belt of the mountains of New Guinea.

concinnus Gould, 1845. Southwest. and South. Australia.

nanus Desmarest, 1818. Southeast. Australia, Tasmania.

Rod Possums Mountain - Burramys Broom, 1896

1 view. Shrub savannas and mountain woodlands Southeast. Australia

parvus Broom, 1896. Distribution - as indicated for the genus.

The Couscous Family - Phalangeridae Thomas, 1888

In classical systems, this includes all (or most) Pha langeriformes, as well as Phascolarcti dae, which are currently accepted in the volume of 4–6 genera, which are grouped into 2 subfamilies. With avg. paleogene. Different types of forests in Australia, New Guinea, Tasmania, Solomon Islands, arch. Bismarck, southeast Malay arch.

Subfamily Ailuropinae Flannery et al., 1987

Rod Couscous Bear - Ailurops Wagler, 1830

Apparently occupies the most isolated position in the family, previously included in Phalanger . 1 view. Plain and low-mountain (up to 1800 m) forests on the islands of Sulawesi, Talaud (south of the Philippines).

ursinus Temminck, 1824. Distribution - as indicated for the genus.

Subfamily Phalangerinae s. str.

In some systems it is divided into 2 tribes (the Tricho group occupies a separate position surus - Wylda ).

Genus Couscous ordinary - Phalanger Storr, 1780

In the most fractional systems with Spilocuscus stands out in a separate tribe. Composition and boundaries are not clear: previously included Ailurops Spilocuscus , Strigocuscus . 10-12 species.The distribution is almost the same as indicated for the family.

orientalis Pallas, 1766. North of New Guinea, Timor Islands, Seram (Moluccas), Solomon Islands, arch. Bismarck, North-East Australia (Cape York).

intercastellanus Thomas, 1895 (mimicus Thomas, 1922). Mountain and foothill forests of southeast New Guinea, arch. Louisiade.

vestitus Milne-Edwards, 1877 (interpositus Stein, 1933, permixtio Menzies et Pernetta, 1986). Forests of the middle belt of the mountains of central and western parts of New Guinea.

carmelitae Thomas, 1898. Mountain forests of the center and east of New Guinea.

gymnotis Peters et Doria, 1875. New Guinea, Aru Island, Timor and the small islands between them.

sericeus Thomas, 1907. Mountain forests of the Middle Range of New Guinea.

lullulae Thomas, 1896. O. Woodlark off the east coast of New Guinea.

matanim Flannery, 1987. Highlands of Central New Guinea.

alexandrae Flannery et Boeadi, 1995. West of New Guinea.

ornatus Gray, 1860 (? Matabiru Flannery et Boeadi, 1995). North part of the Moluccas.

rothschildi Thomas, 1898. O. Big Ob (Moluccas).

Genus Couscous Spotted - Spilocuscus Gray, 1862

Closest to Phalanger previously considered in its composition. 4 types. Low mountain forests of New Guinea, Northwest Australia (Cape York), the southern sector of the Moluccas.

maculatus Desmarest, 1818 (? Kraemeri Schwarz, 1910). Distribution - as indicated for the genus.

papuensis Desmarest, 1822. O. Waigeo off the west coast of New Guinea.

rufoniger Zimara, 1937. Low-mountain primary forests of the north-west of New Guinea.

Sulawesian Couscous - Strigocuscus Gray, 1862

Previously considered as part of Phalanger , cladistically, perhaps closer to Trichosurus . 2 types. Sulawesi, Peleng, Sulu, some islands between them.

celebensis Gray, 1858. O. Sulawesi and the small islands adjacent to the east (up to the Ob).

pelengensis Tate, 1945. Peleng Island, Sulu (east of Sulawesi).

Couscous-couscous genus - Trichosurus Lesson, 1828

3-4 species. Forest areas of Australia, Tasmania, are acclimatized in New Zealand.

vulpecula Kerr, 1792 (? Johnstoni Ramsay, 1888). Distribution - as indicated for the genus (except North Australia).

arnhemensis Collett, 1897. North. Australia.

caninus Ogilby, 1836. Southeast. Australia.

Genus Couscous Lepidoptera - Wyulda Alexander, 1918

Closest to Trichosurus . 1 view. Mountain forests of the North-West. Australia

squamicaudata Alexander, 1918. Distribution - as indicated for the genus.

Superfamily Petauroidea s.lato

Monophyletic taxon. Previously, all representatives were included in the Phalangeridae family. In the most fractional cladistic classifications, up to 3 families are recognized.

Marsupial Flying Flying Family - Petauridae Bonaparte, 1838

2 subfamilies, up to 15 genera, of which 7–10 are modern. From early Neogene. Forest areas of Australia, Tasmania, New Guinea, the Moluccas, a number of adjacent islands.

Squirrel Couscous genus - Gymnobelideus McCoy, 1867

Refers to the basal radiation of the family, is close to Pseudocheirini or to Dactylopsila sometimes with petaurus . 1 view. Eucalyptus forests of South-West. Australia

leadbeateri McCoy, 1867. Distribution - as indicated for the genus.

Triba Hemibelideini Kirsch et al., 1997

Lemus couscous genus - Hemibelideus Collett, 1884

Previously considered as part of Pseudocheirus. . 1 view. Forests of the Northwest Av Australia.

lemuroides Collett, 1884. Distribution - as indicated for the genus.

Giant Couscous genus - Petauro> Thomas, 1888

On Schoinobates Lesson, 1842.1 view. Forest territories of Vost. Australia

volans Kerr, 1792. Distribution - as indicated for the genus.

Tribe Pseudocheirini s. str.

Australian Ringed Couscous - Pseudocheirus Ogilby, 1837

1 species (4–5 were previously isolated). Sclerophytic forests and shrub savannas Vost. and Southwest. Australia, Tasmania.

peregrinus Boddaert, 1785 (convoluter Schinz, 1821, occ> rub> victoriae Matschie, 1915). Distribution - as indicated for the genus.

Couscous genus New-Guinea ring-tailed - Pseudochirulus Matschie, 1915

Previously incorporated into Pseudocheirus . 7-8 species. Mountain and foothill forests and savannah red-wheels of New Guinea, Australia.

canescens Waterhouse, 1846. Middle belt of the mountains of New Guinea.

mayeri Rothschild et Dollman, 1932. Mountain forests of the Middle Range of New Guinea.

caroli Thomas, 1921. Middle belt of mountains in western New Guinea.

herbertensis Collett, 1884 (? Cinereus Tate, 1945). Rainforests North-East Australia

schlegeli Jentink, 1884. West of New Guinea.

forbesi Thomas, 1887 (? larvatus Forster et Rothschild, 1911). Center and east of New Guinea.

Cliff Couscous - Petropseudes Thomas, 1923

Previously considered as part of Pseudocheirus. . 1 view. Rocky sections in the lowland and foothill forests of the North. Australia

dahli Collett, 1895. Distribution - as indicated for the genus.

Tribe Pseudochiropsini Kirsch et al., 1997

Brilliant Couscous - Pseudochirops Matschie, 1915

Previously included in Pseudocheirus . 4–5 species. Mountain forests of New Guinea, North. Australia

cupreus Thomas, 1897. Alpine forests of the Middle Range of New Guinea.

albertisii Peters, 1874. Mountain forests in the north and west of New Guinea.

? coronatus Thomas, 1897. Foothill forests of western New Guinea.

corinnae Thomas, 1897.Mountain forests of the Middle Range of New Guinea.

archeri Collett, 1884. Tropical forests of the North-East. Australia

Tribe Dactylopsilini Kirsch, 1977

May also include Gymnobelideus .

Genus Striped Couscous - Dactylopsila Gray, 1858

2 subgenus, 4 species. Tropical mountain forests of New Guinea and nearby islands (incl. Aru), North-East. Australia

Subgenus Dactylopsila s. str.

trivirgata Gray, 1858. Distribution - as indicated for the genus.

tatei Laurie, 1952. O. Ferguson off the west coast of New Guinea.

megalura Rothschild et Dollman, 1932. Highlands of central New Guinea.

Subgenus Dactylonax Thomas, 1910

palpator Milne-Edwards, 1888. Lower belt of the mountains of the Middle Ridge in New Guinea.

Triba Petaurini s.str.

Rod Marsupial Flying - Petaurus Shaw, 1791

5-6 species. Mountain and foothill forests of Australia, Tasmania, New Guinea, Moluccas, arch. Aru, a number of adjacent islands.

breviceps Waterhouse, 1839. Distribution - as indicated for the genus.

? biacensis Ulmer, 1940. O. Biak off the southeast coast of New Guinea.

abidi Ziegler, 1981. Foothills of Northern New Guinea.

norfolcensis Kerr, 1792. East. Australia.

? gracilis De Vis, 1883. North-East. Australia.

australis Shaw, 1791. Eucalyptus forests East. and southeast. Australia

Dwarf Marsupial Flying family - Acrobatidae Aplin, 1987

Previously considered as part of Phalangeridae. 2 genera. From late Neogene. Forest territories of Vost. Australia, New Guinea.

Genus Couscous feather-tailed - Distoechurus Peters, 1874

1 view. Forests (also common in gardens) of New Guinea.

pennatus Peters, 1874. Distribution - as indicated for the genus.

Genus Dwarf Marsupial Flying - Acrobates Desmarest, 1818

1 view. Eucalyptus forests East. Australia

pygmaeus Shaw, 1793. Distribution - as indicated for the genus.

Appearance

It is a small mammal. It looks like a rat. The body length is 14-18 cm, the tail is 13-14 cm. Weight 70-140 g (males are usually 30 g heavier than females). The head is elongated, the ears are medium. The base of the tail is almost not thickened. At the tip from the lower and upper sides there is a comb of black hair. The body is covered with soft fur. The back and sides have a grayish tint, often with a red tint. The belly and paws are white. Paws are narrow. On the hind limbs, the first finger is missing. The soles of the paws are covered with hair.

Lifestyle

They are predators. The diet is based on various insects, spiders, as well as small vertebrates, including rodents, birds and lizards. They live in small burrows. Activity falls at night. They lead a land-based lifestyle, although they can easily climb a vertical surface to a height of over 45 cm.

Musk Kangaroo Family - Hypsiprymnodontidae Collett, 1877

Often considered as part of Macropodidae. The sister group for the rest is Macro podi - formes, and on this basis is considered a family. 1 genus With avg. Neogene. Rain tropical forests and tall grassy floodplains of the North-West. Australia

Musk Kangaroo Rod - Hypsiprymnodon Ramsay, 1876

1 view. Distribution - as indicated for the family.

moschatus Ramsay, 1876. Distribution - as indicated for the family.

Kangaroo Family - Macropodidae Gray, 1821

2 modern subfamilies (in the most fractional systems are considered as families), 14–15 genera (another 2 subfamilies and more than 20 genera are in a fossil state). From late paleogene. Plain and mountain forests, shrub savannas, semi-deserts of Australia, Tasmania, New Guinea, adjacent islands, arch. Bismarck and Aru.

Subfamily Potoroinae Gray, 1821

Sometimes considered a family including Hypsiprymnodon. 4 genera.

Rod Potoru - Potorous Desmarest, 1804

On Potoroops Matschie, 1916. 3-4 species (1 extinction in historical time). Shrub savannas and light forests South. Australia, Tasmania.

tridactylus Kerr, 1792 (apicalis Gould, 1851,? gilberti Gould, 1841). South and southeast. Australia, Tasmania.

longipes Seebeck et Johnston, 1980. Eucalyptus light forests Southeast. Australia

† platyops Gould, 1844. Southwest. Australia.

Short Kangaroo Rhode - Bettongia Gray, 1837

3 types. Open spaces of Australia, Tasmania.

penicillata Gray, 1837 (tropica Wakefield, 1967). South (in historical time also North-East.) Australia.

gaimardi Desmarest, 1822 (cuniculus Ogilby, 1838). Southeast. Australia, Tasmania.

lesueur Quoy et Gaimard, 1824. West, Center. and South. Australia.

Rat Kangaroo Rat - Aepyprymnus Garrod, 1875

1 view. Woodlands Zap. Australia

rufescens Gray, 1837. Distribution - as indicated for the genus.

Kangaroo clan gologrudi - Caloprymnus Thomas, 1888

1 view. Desert Center. Australia

campestris Gould, 1843. Distribution - as indicated for the genus.

Tribe Macropodini s.str.

Kangaroo claw-tailed genus - Onychogalea Gray, 1841

3 types. Mountain park forests of Australia.

unguifera Gould, 1841. North. Australia.

lunata Gould, 1841. Center. and Southwest. Australia.

fraenata Gould, 1841. East. and southeast. Australia.

Kangaroo clan hare - Lagorchestes Gould, 1841

3-4 species. Grassy and shrubby savannas, light forests, semi-deserts of Australia.

conspicillatus Gould, 1842. Savannahs and woodlands of northern Australia.

hirsutus Gould, 1844. Semi-desert Center. and Southwest. Australia

? asomatus Finlayson, 1943. Semi-desert Center. Australia

leporides Gould, 1841. Southeast. Australia.

Kangaroo genus Short-tailed - Setonix Lesson, 1842

1 view. Open spaces Southwest. Australia

brachyurus Quoy et Gaimard, 1830. Distribution - as indicated for the genus.

Rod Filanders - Thylogale Gray, 1837

6–7 species (some became extinct in historical time). From rainforests to subalpics in Australia and the surrounding islands, Tasmania, New Guinea, arch. Bismarck and Aru.

† billardieri Desmarest, 1822. Forests Southeast. Australia, Tasmania and adjacent islands.

thetis Lesson, 1828. Tropical forests East. Australia

stigmatica Gould, 1860. Rainforests East. Australia, south of New Guinea.

bruni Schreber, 1778. Piedmont and mountain forests of the south-east of New Guinea, arch. Bismarck, Aru.

? browni Ramsay, 1887 (? Lanatus Thomas, 1922). Piedmont and mountain sparse forests of the north and northeast of New Guinea.

calabyi Flannery, 1992. Subalpics of eastern New Guinea.

† chrystenseni Hope, 1981. Subalpica of western New Guinea.

Rhode Wallaby Rocky - Petrogale Gray, 1837

On Peradorcas Thomas, 1904. Up to 15 species (previously combined in 6–7). Rocky sections of the lower and middle zones of the mountains of Australia, brought to the Hawaiian Islands.

Group of species " xanthopus »

xanthopus Gray, 1855. Inland South. Australia

persephone Maynes, 1982. North-East. Australia.

rothschildi Thomas, 1904. West. Australia.

Group of species " penicillata »

lateralis Gould, 1842 (? Purpureicollis Le Souef, 1924). Center. and Southwest. Australia

penicillata Gray, 1827 (? Herberti Thomas, 1926). East and southeast. Australia, brought to Hawaii.

godmani Thomas, 1923. North-East. Australia.

sharmani Eldredge et Close, 1992. East. Australia.

inornata Gould, 1842. North-East. Australia.

? assimilis Ramsay, 1877. The coast of the North-East. Australia, adjacent islands.

coensis Eldredge et Close, 1992. Locally in the North-East. Australia

mareeba Eldredge et Close, 1992. Rocky areas among mountain mesophytic forests of the North-East. Australia

Group of species " brachyotis »

brachyotis Gould, 1841. North. Australia.

burbidgei Kitchener et Sanson, 1978. North-West. Australia.

concinna Gould, 1842. North. Australia.

Wood Kangaroo genus - Dendrolagus Mueller, 1840

10-12 species. Forest Regions of New Guinea, North-East Australia

bennettianus De Vis, 1887. Tropical plain and mountain forests of the North-East. Australia

inustus Mueller, 1840. Northern foothill areas of New Guinea.

ursinus Temminck, 1836. Coastal areas of northwest New Guinea.

lumholtzi Collett, 1884. Coastal forest areas of the North-East. Australia

matschiei Forster et Rothschild, 1907. Northeastern Foothills of New Guinea.

? spadix Troughton et Le Souef, 1936. Southeast of New Guinea.

goodfellowi Thomas, 1908. North and East of New Guinea.

? pulcherrimus Flannery, 1993. Mountain rainforests of northern New Guinea.

mbaiso Flannery et al., 1995. Highlands of the West of New Guinea.

dorianus Ramsay, 1883 (? Stellarum Flannery et Seri, 1990). New Guinea .

scottae Flannery et Seri, 1990. Northern Foothills of New Guinea.

Kangaroo genus shrubby - Dorcopsis Schlegel et Muller, 1845

2 subgenera (sometimes considered as childbirth), 6 species. Piedmont and mountain forests of New Guinea and adjacent islands.

Subgenus Dorcopsulus Matschie, 1916

vanheurni Thomas, 1922. Mountain forests of the central regions and east of New Guinea.

macleayi Miklouho-Maclay, 1885. East of New Guinea.

Subgenus Dorcopsis s.str.

muelleri Lesson, 1827 (veterum auct.). West of New Guinea, a number of adjacent islands (incl. Aru).

atrata Van Deusen, 1957. O. Gudenough off the west coast of New Guinea.

luctuosa D ’Albertis, 1874. Foothills and coasts of south and east of New Guinea.

hageni Heller, 1897. Foothills and mountains of the north of New Guinea.

Gigantic Kangaroo genus - Macropus Shaw, 1790

On Protemnodon Gistel, 1848. 3 subgenus (sometimes regarded as genera), 12–15 species. Forests, shrubby and grassy savannahs of Australia, Tasmania, New Guinea and adjacent islands, 1 species is acclimatized in England.

Subgenus Notamacropus Dawson et Flannery, 1985

eugenii Desmarest, 1817. South. and Southwest. Australia.

parma Waterhouse, 1846. Coastal areas East. Australia

agilis Gould, 1842. Coastal areas of the North. and North-East. Australia, south of New Guinea.

rufogriseus Desmarest, 1817. East. and southeast. Australia, Tasmania, acclimatized in England.

dorsalis Gray, 1837. East. Australia.

parryi Bennett, 1835. East. Australia.

irma Jourdan, 1837. Southwest. Australia

greyi Waterhouse, 1846. South Australia (possibly extinct).

Subgenus Macropus s.str.

giganteus Shaw, 1790. Eastern Australia.

fuliginosus Desmarest, 1817. Southern Australia.

Subgenus Osphranter Gould 1842

robustus Gould, 1841. Everywhere in Australia (excluding rainforests).

antilopinus Gould, 1842. North. Australia.

bernardus Rothschild, 1904. North. Australia

rufus Desmarest, 1822. Everywhere in Australia (except north and east).

Rod Wallaby - Wallabia Trouessart, 1905

Previously included in Macropus . 1 view. Forest regions Vost. Australia, adjacent islands.

bicolor Desmarest, 1804. Distribution - as indicated for the genus.

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