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The digestive organs of birds are ideally suited for digesting plant and animal food, as well as for its accumulation and preparation for feeding the chicks. The digestive organs of all birds include: beak, oral cavity, esophagus, goiter, glandular stomach, muscle stomach, liver, pancreas, intestines, cesspool.

The liver - one of the most important organs of metabolism and the neutralization of toxins - is affected in many diseases.

Why does chicken obesity occur and can this be avoided?

In conditions of constant improper feeding and keeping, poultry first of all suffers from the liver.

It is through this organ that almost all the elements that enter the body of the chicken pass.

Very often, improper bird maintenance causes obesity in the liver, which in the future can cause death of the bird.

In this article, we will talk about liver obesity in chickens or hepatic lipidosis. You will learn what the disease is and how to treat it.

What is liver obesity in chickens?

Obesity in the liver (or hepatic lipidosis) may be a congenital or acquired impairment of fat metabolism in the bird.

This is a rather dangerous disease, which almost immediately affects the egg production of chicken. That is why it is necessary to check the hens of egg breeds for lipidosis in order to help them in time if this diagnosis is made.

The fact is that, first of all, the bird reduces the number of eggs that it can lay. And this, in turn, affects the overall profitability of the economy. Subsequently, the bird can die very quickly. After the death of her meat can no longer be used in the household.

Causes of the disease

Fatty liver in chickens can occur for several reasons. One of the most common is high fat diet.

The chicken’s body is physically unable to process a high concentration of fat in the feed, so it gradually begins to put it in the body, which directly affects the health of the bird.

Also, the liver may be covered with an additional fat layer due to very frequent feeding. Many farmers mistakenly believe that the more food they give the bird, the faster it will grow and gain mass.

This is not entirely true, because birds cannot digest too much grain. Gradually, it is delayed, putting pressure not only on the liver, but also on other internal organs.

Any thyroid disease can also cause liver obesity. In the body of poultry, the fat metabolism, which is controlled by this gland, is disrupted, so the fat begins to be deposited abundantly in the body.

Diabetes has the same effect. This disease can be transmitted by heredity, so the chicken genome must be carefully monitored. This is especially true for farms where breeding of birds is carried out.

In addition, you need to be careful in using chemicals on the farm.

Course and symptoms

The first sign of liver obesity is massive decrease in egg production in laying hens. According to approximate estimates, it falls by 35%.

At the same time, mortality of birds increases by 5%. However, at the same time, laying hens look good, actively walk around the yard during walking.

In healthy-looking laying hens, they are often overweight. It can be 30% higher than normal due to the fact that active deposition of fat begins in the abdominal cavity.

Gradually, the chicken comb and earrings become pale and increase in size. After a certain period of time, the tip of the ridge turns blue.

During obesity, poultry liver increases by 60%.Such a large internal organ greatly stretches the surrounding muscles, forming an abdominal hernia. Feathers drop out on this part of the body, and a blood crust forms. In this case, even through the skin, a yellow layer of fat is visible, which can reach 3 cm in thickness.

Diagnostics

To diagnose liver obesity, veterinarians use a bird examination and weighing.

Any excess weight can be a suspicion of liver lipidosis. Also, in the later stages, feathers begin to fall out on the bird’s stomach, revealing icteric skin.

Unfortunately, in the early stages of the disease, it is difficult to understand whether the bird is obese or not. That is why chickens take blood serum for analysis.

In laboratory conditions, the level of urea, bilirubin and creatine is determined. In a completely healthy laying layer, these indicators should be 2.3-3.7, 0.12-0.35, 0.17-1.71 μmol / L, respectively.

Sick birds need to be fed with special fat-free feeds that are rich in the content of useful vitamins and minerals.

They will help sick birds cope with the disease. In addition to these therapeutic measures, you can give drugs that improve liver function. These drugs include lipotropics: lecithin, choline, inositor, betanin and methionine.

Lecithin can significantly reduce chicken appetite. She will consume less feed using her own fat reserves.

Gradually, they will begin to decrease and the chicken liver will work normally. Choline, inositor, betanin and methionine help break down fodder, and also contribute to the destruction of excess fat.

Prevention

The most effective prevention of liver obesity in chickens is considered proper feeding.

In no case should you overfeed the bird and make it starve very much. Chickens should receive an even amount of nutrients in the feed so that the digestive system works properly.

However, for the purpose of prevention, laying hens can be given selenium at a dose of 1 mg / kg, combining it with methionine at a concentration of 0.5 g / kg of feed. This mixture will help avoid liver obesity.

For the same purpose, copper sulfate (60 mg), choline chloride (1.5 g), methionine (0.5 g), vitamin B (6 mg / kg feed) are used in poultry farms. This mixture must be given to laying hens for a week.

Conclusion

Obesity in the liver is an unpleasant disease that most often affects laying hens. It directly affects the number of eggs laid, so farmers need to carefully monitor their birds.

It is better to immediately choose the right and effective hepatoprotectors that promote proper metabolism, than then consider the losses caused by the death of a bird or the failure to fulfill the plan for the number of eggs.

Periodically, due to improper nutrition, goiter is blocked in chickens. Read about how to shine here.

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This is not entirely true, because birds cannot digest too much grain. Gradually, it is delayed, putting pressure not only on the liver, but also on other internal organs.

The most common diseases of chickens, their symptoms and treatment. Photo of sick birds

At all times, keeping and raising chickens was very popular. Such it is now.

Like all living things, these birds are susceptible to various diseases, which is one of the main problems of curative behavior. Ideally, the disease is better to prevent than to treat, and for this, preventive measures should be taken. But sometimes even they are not effective. Therefore, for a successful fight against diseases of chickens, both an experienced and a novice farmer must have a sufficient understanding of them.

This material highlights the most common diseasesthat can affect the chicken population: the clinical picture, modern methods of diagnosis and treatment, as well as effective preventive measures.

How to recognize that the chicken is sick?

In order to recognize the disease in time, you should regularly inspect the livestock of chickens and constantly monitor them.

Examining a bird it is necessary to pay attention to:

  • feather cover (in healthy animals it is shiny and smooth)
  • on the musculoskeletal system and coordination of movements (healthy hens stand steady on their paws and move confidently and without staggering)
  • on the digestive system (healthy birds have a good appetite, drink water and defecate regularly)
  • breathing (normally chickens often breathe with their beaks closed, there should be no extraneous sounds when breathing: wheezing, groans, etc.)

If you still find pets in which you can assume any kind of disease - isolate them from the rest and keep watching. Ideally, the animal should be shown to the veterinarian.

The main groups of diseases that house chickens are susceptible to

Diseases affecting chickens are divided into two large groups: contagious (transmitted from bird to bird) and non-contagious (not transmitted).

Contagious include:

  • infectious and fungal diseases,
  • helminth infection,
  • skin parasites.

Infectious diseases

Pullorosis or typhoid - A disease transmitted by airborne droplets. It affects birds of all age groups. The gastrointestinal tract suffers: the animal has a lack of appetite, constant thirst. The bird is lethargic and lethargic. The crest sags and turns pale, tachypne (rapid breathing) is observed.

The main condition for the treatment of this pathology is a quick diagnosis. Diseased hens with water are given antibiotics of the aminoglycoside group (neomycin, biomycin) or penicillins (ampicillin). Intramuscular administration of these drugs is possible.

For prevention purposes, hygiene should be observed in the chicken coop. If an outbreak of pullorosis occurs, diseased birds should be isolated and disinfected in the chicken coop.

Pseudo-Plague (Newcastle disease) - A viral infection transmitted by airborne droplets. Sources of infection are sick animals, their food and water. The disease affects the nervous and respiratory system, gastrointestinal tract. In birds, the coordination of movements is impaired (shaky gait, constantly falls on the stomach), mucus accumulates in the mouth. The chicken is forced to breathe with its beak open, while breathing distance rattles are heard. No appetite, profuse diarrhea.

This ailment does not undergo treatment. Hens with these symptoms are immediately isolated, put to death, and burned.

If this is not done, then you can lose all the curry stock. For the prevention of pseudo-plague, it is necessary to carry out timely disinfection of the chicken coop and vaccination of birds.

Chicken pox - viral pathology, which often affects domestic chickens. Its main symptom is the presence of sores on the skin (smallpox). Infection occurs by contact. The source may be:

  • a sick laying hen or other pet
  • feed,
  • water.

The target of the virus is the cornea and internal organs. The main condition is to begin treatment at the initial stage of the disease. External lesions are treated with antiseptics: a solution of boric acid or furacilin. Tetracycline is added to food for 7-10 days. If the disease could not be recognized at the initial stage, then all infected birds must be disposed of.

Salmonellosis - Pathogens of Salmonella are the causative agents of this infection. Rapidly progressing, the disease affects all chicken organs. Layers are infected through food and water. The main symptom of this disease is profuse, loose and foamy stools. Sick animals are lethargic, lack of appetite, but thirst is present. The joints of the limbs are swollen.

If domestic chickens suffer from salmonellosis, it is strictly forbidden to eat raw eggs, becausethey are the main source of human infection with salmonellosis. These bacteria die only after prolonged heat treatment.

The treatment of this infectious pathology is carried out within 21 days. At this time, furazolidone is added to drinking chickens. Streptomycin can be given with food. To prevent the spread of infection, diseased individuals must be isolated. It is necessary to treat the chicken coop with disinfectants. To avoid salmonellosis, the bird must be vaccinated.

Tuberculosis - a bacterial infection transmitted by airborne droplets. Called by the human and avian strain of Mycobacteria. The disease occurs when birds are kept in unsanitary conditions. The diseased layer is lethargic, drowsy, with a pale scallop. An important sign is the lack of eggs. Animals actively lose weight.

It is not possible to cure this infection, therefore sick animals must be disposed of. For preventive purposes, it is necessary to constantly maintain cleanliness in the chicken coop.

Ornithosis (psittacosis) - A particularly dangerous disease that affects the nervous, respiratory and digestive systems of chickens. Poultry are infected by airborne droplets or by fecal-oral route. They lose their appetite and become exhausted, defecate with liquid droppings. The main symptom is heavy wheezing and feather sticking. Also, a symptom may indicate a disease of ornithosis: mucus is secreted from the nose of the bird.

Treatment consists in soldering birds with water and potassium permanganate and in antibiotic therapy with tetracycline or fluoroquinolone drugs. Contact, but apparently healthy chickens also need to be given antibiotics for two days for the purpose of prevention. The chicken coop and all equipment must be disinfected.

Coli infection (colisepticemia) - a disease caused by a bacterium of the group of Escherichia coli. The disease occurs due to non-compliance with the sanitary-hygienic regime in the place of keeping chickens. A laying hen can also become infected through feed of dubious quality. An alarming symptom is lethargy and loss of appetite against the background of increasing thirst. Husky, heavy breathing. A characteristic sign of coli infection is a significant increase in body temperature.

Treatment consists in timely diagnosis and immediate antibiotic therapy. For these purposes, furazolidone and ampicillin are used.

Chicken flu - a viral disease that affects the organs of the respiratory and digestive systems. The disease is transmitted by airborne droplets. The main symptom is difficult to distinguish. The sick laying hens becomes lethargic, her appetite disappears, the earrings and crest turn blue. Along with this, difficulty in noisy breathing and significant relaxation of the stool are observed. Treatment of this infection is not possible! Sick birds are subjected to destruction.

Coccidiosis - A disease caused by the simplest coccidia, sparing neither adults nor young individuals. Chickens can not only hurt, but also be asymptomatic carriers of the infection. The disease affects the gastrointestinal tract and its main symptom is liquid bloody stools. In addition, there is a loss of appetite and general asthenization of animals. Birds are infected through poor-quality feed. When the first symptoms appear, the disease spreads at lightning speed. If measures are not taken, the entire livestock could die. Therefore, animals with manifestations of coccidiosis should be isolated as quickly as possible.

Treatment consists in the use of veterinary antiparasitic drugs. These include coccidotin, coccidiovitis and aveox. In food, the addition of fish oil is recommended.

To prevent coccidiosis in the chicken coop, it is necessary to observe a sanitary-hygienic regime and not allow dampness. Pet food must meet the required quality standards.

Helminthiasis

A group of diseases that are caused by helminths (worms).They are contagious diseases.

Capillaridosis - pathogens enter the body of the bird through dirty water and feed of dubious quality. They parasitize in the intestines, so chickens lose their appetite and they rapidly lose weight. In the later stages, tail and wing cramps may occur.

At an early stage, the disease responds well to phenothiazine treatment. In advanced stages, treatment does not make sense.

Ascariasis - develops when ascaris eggs enter the chicken body. Worms emerge from the eggs, which begin to parasitize in the intestines. Infection occurs through the fecal-oral route. Sick animals lose body weight, their appetite worsens, they become lethargic and cease to lay eggs. An alarming symptom is the lack of stool, because this can be observed as a result of an obstruction of the intestine with a ball of roundworm. Treatment is with phenothiazine or carbon tetrachloride and gives a quick effect.

Cestodose - A disease that causes tapeworm. Its symptoms are cramps and weight loss. Infection occurs through poor-quality feed. For treatment, the drug filixan is used.

Typhlohepatitis (histomonosis) - a parasitic infection, the development of which affects the liver and cecum. Symptoms common to all helminthiases: loss of appetite and body weight, lethargy, cramps. Sick chickens stop laying eggs. Histomoniasis is treated with furazolidone. For prophylaxis, vitamins are added to bird food, especially vitamin A.

Fungal diseases

They are contagious, but pose less danger than infectious. Their treatment almost always ends in recovery, but if they are ignored, a sick animal may die. Infection occurs when chickens come in contact with sick brethren.

Ringworm - It affects the feather cover and skin of birds. Pale yellow foci appear on the scallop and catkins. Feathers begin to roll in later and breakdown of stool occurs, then body weight rapidly drops. Unfortunately, there is no point in treating this disease. Preventive measure - keeping the bird house clean.

Aspergillosis - A disease caused by mold and affecting the respiratory tract.

  • Hens cough and sneeze, noisy breathing.
  • There are discharge from the nose, excrement with blood.

This pathology can be treated with copper sulfate, which must be added to water and bird food for several days.

Diseases caused by skin parasites

A characteristic sign of these diseases is the presence of parasites in the feather cover of birds. It can be lice, lice, fleas or ticks. You can suspect something was wrong watching the chickens: they rush poorly, lose weight, pick their feathers with their paws or beak. Treatment should be started as early as possible, because parasites multiply at a very fast pace.

The easiest way to get rid of skin parasites is stove ash. It can be strewn with the entire floor in the house, as well as put a container filled with ash. Hens themselves will wallow in it, thus getting rid of pests. There are drug treatments using special drugs. In veterinary pharmacies you can buy Bars, Stomazon, Front Line. But when using them, one must strictly observe the dosage and the frequency of processing.

Effective and pretty old is processing method for chicken house. But this is a dubious method, because due to its toxicity dust can cause the death of animals.

An important aspect in the fight against skin parasites is the treatment of all chicken coop residents. In order for skin parasites not to bother birds, try to keep their housing clean. It is necessary to ensure that rodents, which are a flea reservoir, do not enter the house. After buying the birds, it is recommended to inspect, carry out preventive treatment with antiparasitic agents and only then release them into the general chicken coop.

You can get a more visual and complete picture of chicken diseases, their prevention and treatment, by watching this video.

Cestodose - A disease that causes tapeworm. Its symptoms are cramps and weight loss. Infection occurs through poor-quality feed. For treatment, the drug filixan is used.

Manifestations and symptoms of all common chicken diseases

Truly blessed is the owner who did not have to treat pets for any disease. But this, unfortunately, happens extremely rarely. Some bacteria and parasites are born with newborns, while the other is in the environment. Of course, it is not a fact that your animals will immediately be ill with all the diseases that are only prepared for them by the inhospitable surrounding reality. But keeping the gunpowder dry is always good.

Breeding chickens is one of the most popular due to its relative ease of farming. They are bred with great pleasure by both young families and lonely old people and old women who still have good spirits and vitality, do not disdain fussing with layers and a number of citizens in their dachas. Therefore, questions related to diseases of laying hens and methods of their treatment are one of the most frequently encountered and asked. A lot of literature is devoted to this problem, but we will try to briefly summarize the already available information and, perhaps, try to add something from the individual experience in the fight against chicken diseases of various people.

General characteristics of diseases

By the nature of the disease, two main types of diseases are distinguished: infectious and parasitic. The former arise as a result of infection with existing viruses, whose carriers can be both the animals themselves and the environment, while the latter are the result of the vital activity of various parasites that appear in the body due to appropriate conditions of detention or are born with young animals. In the case of chickens, infectious diseases include the following:

  1. Marek's disease (infectious paralysis).
  2. infectious bronchitis.
  3. coccidiosis.
  4. colibacillosis.
  5. mycoplasmosis.
  6. Newcastle disease (pseudo-plague, atypical plague, Newcastle disease).
  7. smallpox.
  8. salmonellosis (paratyphoid).
  9. pasteurellosis (bird cholera).
  10. pullorosis.
  11. bird flu.
  12. Gumboro's disease.
  13. laryngotracheitis.

The peculiarity of such diseases is that:

  1. from one sick laying hen the whole herd is gradually infected.
  2. some infectious diseases can be transmitted from chickens to other poultry, as well as pets and even humans.
  3. if you do not catch on time and do not start effective treatment, there is a 100% probability of mortality of your chicken population.

Parasitic (invasive) diseases include the following:

  1. poohoedy and peroedy.
  2. feather tick.
  3. helminths.
  4. fleas.

In viral diseases, a reliable diagnosis can be established only with the help of a veterinarian or the use of special biological preparations. However, some common signs of such diseases can be detected by the poultryman himself by eye. For example, regardless of the disease that the chicken fell ill with, its following external manifestations are observed:

  1. decreased or complete disappearance of appetite.
  2. diarrhea, fouling of feathers and feathers in the back.
  3. lethargy and drowsiness of a bird, caused by an increase in temperature in its body. If she sits with her wings folded and eyes closed, this is a clear sign that something is wrong with her.
  4. reddened mucous membranes.
  5. frequent attempts to clear the beak, wheezing or "croaking" sounds made by the chicken (in this way she tries to clear the throat clogged with mucus).
  6. heat.

Now that we have drawn the big picture, we will begin to slowly deal with the diseases separately.

Marek's disease

Marek's disease is one such.It affects the chicken’s nervous system (for good reason it is also called infectious paralysis), leading to its lameness, and eyes, changing the color of their iris and protein. In this case, the pupil gradually narrows, which can lead to complete blindness. The laying hen is greatly weakened, exhausted, has a pale scallop and catkins and a paralyzed goiter.

Marek’s disease is an incurable disease, so if you have some doubts if you have such symptoms, it’s best to consult a specialist. But if your fears are confirmed, do not torment the bird and ease its suffering. And the sooner you kill it, the better: the Marek’s disease virus is very tenacious and can persist for a long time in feather follicles. The only way to prevent it from spreading your chickens is to vaccinate one-day-old chickens. Vaccinations at an older age are useless. If you are buying young animals, it is advisable to ask the seller for a veterinary certificate of such a vaccination.

Infectious bronchitis

Infectious bronchitis is another disease that cannot be cured. Its cunning is that its causative agent - the virion virus - can live in chicken embryos, so that chickens can be born already sick. Bronchitis affects respiratory organs in young animals and reproductive functions in adult chickens, can lead to a complete loss of egg production. The virus is transmitted by airborne droplets, as well as through household equipment and chicken litter. Mortality of birds with infectious bronchitis is high and reaches 70%. In addition, after the detection of this disease, its outbreak - an individual farm or a poultry farm - is a danger to other households for a whole year.

External manifestations of infectious bronchitis are as follows:

  1. loss of appetite in chickens, cough, shortness of breath, mucus from the nose.
  2. diarrhea, depression.
  3. a strong need for young animals for warmth.
  4. lag in growth and development.
  5. in adults, egg production sharply decreases.

Sometimes with bronchitis, conjunctivitis can be observed. In addition, it affects the kidneys and urethra, which causes severe diarrhea.

As already mentioned, this disease is not amenable to treatment, it is only possible to prevent its spread. Virion is destroyed by ultraviolet rays and various disinfectants, so the only way to combat the disease is disinfection, in which aerosols of chlorskipidar, a solution of lugol and aluminum iodide are usually used. Sick chickens and young animals should be killed immediately. Despite the fact that it is forbidden to sell meat and eggs from diseased laying hens, they can be used as food - there is no danger to humans from this disease.

As a prophylaxis of infectious bronchitis, experts advise to keep it in quarantine after buying young animals on the market or at the poultry farm for ten days (the period of incubation of the disease). You can also vaccinate chickens before starting their laying - vaccination in this case is very effective.

Coccidiosis also refers to common diseases. Despite the fact that by its nature it refers to parasitic diseases (it is caused by the simplest parasites - coccidia), it is infectious by the way it is distributed - coccidiosis is capable of getting sick, infected from each other, almost your entire household. As in the case of bronchitis, young people at the age of two weeks to three months are at risk. In adult chickens, immunity is developed on coccidia, although they may well be their carriers. With this disease, the kidneys, intestines and liver are affected, it proceeds in an acute form.

Symptoms of coccidiosis resemble signs of infectious bronchitis and Marek’s disease. Young growth is crowded near heat sources, suffers from diarrhea, apathy, lack of appetite, does not want to get off the perch, but if it leaves it, then it moves badly and is lame.The appearance of a sick bird is tousled, it has a pale scallop, catkins and mucous membranes. To all this is added a greenish color of feces with mucus in the early stages of the disease, which then turns into dark brown with blood.

The list of drugs used in coccidiosis is impressive: furagin, norsulfazole (0.5 g per liter of water), zoalen, coccidin, sulfadimesin (1 mg per 1 kg of feed), sulfadimetotoxin, furazolidone, decox, statil, saccox, ardinon-25, bichonolate, chemcocid-17. They are mixed with food or dissolved in water according to the instructions attached to each drug. Recently, a new generation of drugs has become very popular, among which stands the bikox. Treatment of chickens includes two courses for three days, followed by a two-day break.

Coccidiosis in chickens is not as bad as in rabbits, and can be cured. But the layer heals slowly and even after cure it remains a carrier of coccidia, which continue to develop and enter the environment along with droppings. It is much easier to prevent the onset of this disease. To do this, you need to disinfect the chicken coop and equipment. But we must take into account that not all drugs are suitable for disinfection - coccidia and their testicles are very tenacious. The most effective prophylactic agents are a solution of soda or bleach and ammonia. In low concentrations, monochloroxylenol, terpineol, orthodichlorobenzene and orthochlorophenol are used. Processing of manure and the chicken coop with a blowtorch helps a lot. Experts also advise that a preventive course of treatment is carried out among young animals, which are most susceptible to this disease. And, of course, the main preventive measure is cleanliness in the chicken coop and in the cages.

Colibacillosis

Colibacteriosis is a disease that not only chickens, but also other types of poultry can get sick. It is caused by E. coli, affecting many internal organs of an individual. Diseases are affected both by young animals, in which it proceeds in an acute form, as well as adult chickens that suffer from it chronically.

The peculiarity of this disease is that it is transmitted to a person, and he is ill with it in an acute form. Therefore, the treatment of colibacteriosis requires caution and timeliness.

Symptoms of colibacillosis are:

  1. lack of appetite and unusually intense thirst.
  2. labored, hoarse breathing.
  3. lethargy and indifference to everything around.
  4. diarrhea.

It also needs to be accurately diagnosed, because strong antibiotics are used for treatment - biomycin or terramycin. They are mixed with food at a rate of 100 mg. per 1 kg. As an additional tool, sulfadimezin is used in the form of an aerosol. Drugs such as Sarafloxaline, Enroflaxaline, and Ampicillin are also effective. Prevention of the disease involves strict observance of the rules of hygiene and sanitation.

Diseases of chickens and their treatment: liver diseases in chickens

The undisputed leader in poultry farming is domestic chickens, which began to be bred by humans in the third century BC. The progenitor of all modern chickens is the wild banker breed that lives in the dense forests of India and Indochina.

Breeding chickens is popular all over the world and allows you to provide consumer needs for tender meat and delicious eggs. Today, poultry farming is a complex technological process that takes place using the most advanced technologies. Organized production of meat breeds - boilers, created conditions for the artificial incubation of chicken eggs.

But, despite the scientific approach to raising birds, chicken diseases and their treatment remain one of the pressing problems. Particularly vulnerable to health problems are young and newly hatched chickens, who are sick much more often than adult birds.

Veterinary preventive measures are necessary to maintain bird health.It may happen that bird diseases discovered too late require the destruction of the entire stock. Therefore, it is extremely important to identify the disease until it has yet passed into a critical stage.

Not very dangerous, but still significantly unpleasant are non-communicable diseases of chickens, which can be caused by improper nutrition and maintenance. Such diseases are not transmitted by air, through food or in the event of contact between a sick chicken and a healthy chicken. Most often, such diseases occur in chickens that do not receive the proper amount of vitamins and mineral elements with food, which is manifested in their weakness and lethargy.

One of the most common chicken diseases is pasteurellosis, which is especially susceptible to young chickens. The disease manifests itself in an increase in the temperature of the body of birds, is characterized by mucous discharge from the nasal openings and a ruffled plumage. The acute course of pasteurellosis leads to a general case.

A dangerous disease is colisepticemia (colibacteriosis), which is caused by the action of pathogenic E. coli. The main cause of infection is an unbalanced diet and unsanitary conditions for keeping chickens. Colibacteriosis affects such vital organs as the heart, lungs, liver, intestines and oviducts. Sick chickens lose their appetite, have a depressed appearance, body temperature is elevated, breathing is difficult. A concomitant symptom is a significant manifestation of thirst. Treatment is with drugs such as terramycin and biomycin, which can be added to food or sprayed in the air of the house in the form of aerosols.

To detect diseases of chickens, it is necessary to conduct their regular inspection. In this case, attention should be paid to the condition of their mucous membranes, the appearance of the skin, the general mobility of birds, the state of the respiratory and digestive organs.

Unpleasant are liver diseases in chickens. An infectious disease of this organ is obesity of the liver. Its cause may be an insufficient content of amino acids and vitamins of groups B and E in the body or poisoning with toxic substances. In both cases, obesity of the liver leads to metabolic disorders. As a prophylaxis and treatment, it is recommended to add vitamin E.

Coligranulomatosis is a contagious liver disease. In addition to the liver, it causes damage to the cecum and skin. It manifests itself in general weakness and exhaustion, lack of appetite. The crests and earrings of chickens acquire a bluish tint. Treatment of diseased chickens is carried out using antibiotics.

Like all pets, chickens are susceptible to various diseases. To preserve the poultry economy, it is necessary to carefully monitor the state of health of birds and observe the correctness of their content. The right approach to the health of chickens will ensure their good productivity.

One of the most common chicken diseases is pasteurellosis, which is especially susceptible to young chickens. The disease manifests itself in an increase in the temperature of the body of birds, is characterized by mucous discharge from the nasal openings and a ruffled plumage. The acute course of pasteurellosis leads to a general case.

Diseases of domestic chickens: symptoms and treatment

Chickens are no less susceptible to disease than any other pets. But diseases of chickens are most often treated with an ax, as it usually becomes apparent that the chicken is sick only when it is too late to help. In addition, the treatment of chicken will often cost more than the bird itself.

Almost all infectious diseases of chickens caused by bacteria and protozoa are treated only by one method: slaughter of sick chickens. Only salmonellosis can be treated. At the same time, diseases in domestic chickens are more than enough and they are difficult to differentiate among lay people, which is clearly visible on the video.

The man only managed to figure out which of the chickens it all started with.Moreover, private owners often simply do not have the opportunity to comply with the necessary quarantine and chicken standards.

The main symptoms of any chicken disease:

Hunched back, hanging wings, drooping head and desire to separate from the goods, huddled in a corner. The physical condition of the chicken can be determined by the color of the comb:

  • a red (bright pink in some breeds) comb of a healthy color - in a chicken with blood circulation everything is in order and in the near future she is not going to die,
  • light pink - something disturbed the blood circulation, the chicken is seriously ill,
  • comb with a blue tint - the chicken is going to the other world and it is better to have time to hammer it before she dies herself.

Theoretically, in many cases, sick chickens are suitable for consumption, but poultry farmers prefer to give them to dogs.

Dirty feathers complement the picture because of the inability of the chicken to cleanse itself and swollen due to arthrosis or tick paws.

In the photo, a characteristic pose of a sick chicken.

Of the infectious diseases dangerous to humans, chickens are ill:

  • tuberculosis
  • pasteurellosis
  • leptospirosis
  • listeriosis
  • salmonellosis.

For the first four types of diseases, only slaughter of the entire livestock of chickens is provided.

With leptospirosis, sick chickens are separated from the main livestock and a course of treatment with furazolidone and streptomycin is carried out for 3 weeks. Furazolidone is added to water, and streptomycin in food.

Symptoms of Infectious Diseases of Chickens

Listeriosis. The microorganism causes the disease: gram-positive motile bacillus. The disease usually begins with conjunctivitis. Of the other signs, chickens have cramps, paresis of limbs, and ultimately paralysis and death. The diagnosis is made in the laboratory.

It is required to differentiate listeriosis from pasteurellosis, spirochetosis, typhoid, plague and Newcastle disease. But doing this makes sense only in large farms. In small ones, if the “hens began to wheeze,” it’s easier to slaughter the entire population. Moreover, with pasteurellosis or Newcastle disease, this will have to be done anyway.

Tuberculosis In chickens, this disease usually proceeds in a chronic form with implicit signs. There is lethargy, exhaustion, in laying hens a decrease in egg production. Diarrhea and yellowness of the mucous membranes are also possible. Sometimes lameness and tumor formations appear on the soles of the paws. Tuberculosis disease should be able to be distinguished from a subcutaneous tick and traumatic formations.

Pasteurellosis. It has 5 forms of the course of the disease with slightly different symptoms. At super sharp form diseases apparently healthy chicken suddenly dies. At acute course diseases the most noticeable sign indicating pasteurellosis will be a blue-crest and catkins. In addition, chickens are observed: apathy, a tousled chicken sits with its wings down, wheezing when breathing, atrophy of the pectoral muscles, foam from the beak and nasal openings, thirst. The chicken dies in acute course after 3 days.

The subacute and chronic course of the disease is similar: in both forms of the disease there are arthritis of the joints, exhaustion, lethargy, inflammation of the earrings with the appearance of abscesses. The death of chickens in the subacute course of the disease occurs in a week or earlier. In the chronic course of the disease, rhinitis, inflammation of the intermaxillary space, discharge on the conjunctiva and from the nasal openings are also added to the listed symptoms.

The photo shows the crest of a chicken, which turned blue during pasteurellosis.

Leptospirosis. With leptospirosis in chickens, the liver is affected, so one of the clear symptoms of leptospirosis in chickens is yellowness of the skin and mucous membranes. In addition, weak bowel function, decreased egg production, and fever are usually observed.

Salmonellosis. With this disease in chickens there is a plentiful foamy droppings of liquid consistency, lack of appetite, thirst, apathy.Swelling of the joints of the limbs is also observed in chickens, which should be distinguished from arthritic processes in pasteurellosis.

To protect the health of people with the appearance of these diseases, it is better to slaughter the entire population of chickens than to try to treat a bird.

Infectious diseases of chickens harmless to humans

Diseases dangerous to humans are not the only infectious diseases that chickens can get. There are a number of infections caused by bacteria or protozoa that are not cosmopolitan:

  • eimeriosis
  • purollosis (white diarrhea, chicken dysentery),
  • Newcastle disease
  • egg production syndrome,
  • Escherichiosis (colibacteriosis),
  • flu,
  • respiratory mycoplasmosis,
  • Marek’s disease
  • infectious laryngotracheitis,
  • infectious bronchitis,
  • infectious bursitis
  • aspergillosis
  • metapneumovirus infection.

For most chicken diseases, treatment has not been developed; only preventive measures can be taken.

Ameriosis chickens

Chicken eimeriosis is often called coccidiosis. A parasitic infection caused by simple microorganisms. Chickens are most susceptible from 2 to 8 weeks of age. Therefore, do not be surprised if the already bred 2-month-old chickens suddenly begin to die. Perhaps they have contracted Eimeria somewhere.

The incubation period in Aimeria is from 3 to 5 days. As a rule, in chickens there is an acute course of the disease, which is manifested by depression, a sharp decrease in appetite, followed by a complete rejection of food, thirst. Chickens huddle together, trying to keep warm. The wings are down. The feathers are ruffled. The death of a bird usually occurs 2 to 4 days after the onset of clinical signs and can reach 100%. In many ways, the severity of the course of the disease depends on the number of parasites that enter the body of the bird. With a small number of oocysts, eimeria, coccidiosis in chickens will be asymptomatic with the possible subsequent development of immunity to eimeria.

Disease treatment

When the first signs of the disease appear, the entire population of chickens is soldered with coccidiostatics, which are divided into two groups. One group prevents the development of immunity to chicken eimeriosis and is used in broiler farms, where the bird receives coccidiostatic continuously until almost the date of slaughter. The giving of this group of coccidiostatics is stopped 3 to 5 days before slaughter.

The second group of drugs allows you to develop immunity in chickens and is used in breeding and egg farming. It is most suitable for private traders who often keep chickens for eggs than broilers for slaughter.

Different drugs against eimeria have different dosages and courses of treatment, so when treating eimeriosis of chickens, you need to follow the instructions on the drug or the instructions of a veterinarian.

Newcastle disease

This viral disease has several names:

  • Asian bird plague
  • pseudo-plague
  • filaret disease
  • rhenikhet disease
  • abbreviation from the main name - NB.

The virus is quite stable in the external environment, and is also capable of intrauterine penetration into the chicken egg and survival in the egg during the entire incubation period. Thus, the chicken may be born already sick.

Symptoms of the disease

The disease distinguishes 3 types of the course of the disease, as well as the typical and atypical forms. With an overwhelming course of the disease, the infection affects the entire chicken coop in 2-3 days with obvious clinical signs. Since the virus affects the nervous system of birds, the symptoms are twisting of the neck, paralysis of the extremities, impaired coordination of movements, excitability, shortness of breath.

In a typical form of the acute course of the disease, asphyxiation may occur in 70% of the chicken population, and diarrhea in 88%. Mucus from the beak, conjunctivitis, poor appetite, an increase in body temperature by 1-2 °. Often, the bird lies with its beak resting on the floor and not responding to the environment.

The atypical form of the disease develops where antibiotics are widely used and in the herd there are birds with immunity of different strengths.In this case, Newcastle disease usually proceeds without characteristic clinical signs, affecting mainly young chickens.

The percentage of death of chickens with this disease reaches 90%. The treatment has not been developed, and most likely it will not be developed due to the high degree of danger of Newcastle disease.

Mycoplasmosis

Mycoplasmosis is a disease that affects all age groups of chickens. It is a respiratory disease, therefore its symptoms are appropriate: difficulty breathing, coughing and sneezing, mucus and fluid flowing from the nose, sore and reddened mucous membranes of the eyes, and sometimes diarrhea is added to them.

Since the symptomatology is similar to the manifestations of other diseases, mycoplasmosis must also be accurately diagnosed in order to conduct proper and competent treatment. If the laying hen is at a serious stage of the disease or is severely depleted by it, it is better to kill it - no drugs will help her. If it is not so exhausted or the disease is at an early stage, then strong antibiotics are used to cure - oxytetracycline or chlortetracycline. They are added to the food throughout the week at the rate of 0.4 g per 1 kg. food, then take a three-day break and repeat the course. It is also possible to use other antibiotics - streptomycin, chloramphenicol, erythromycin - but it is better to find out the features of their use from a veterinarian.

Prevention requires good natural ventilation in the chicken coop. In addition, chickens, regardless of age, can be drunk for two to three days with a solution of tilan (0.5 g per 1 liter of water). This course can be repeated every two months - it will not be superfluous.

Chicken mycoplasmosis is not transmitted to humans, despite the fact that he can be sick with it. But mycoplasmosis in humans is caused by other causes.

Salmonellosis

Salmonellosis is a terrible disease that can penetrate both by air and through infected eggs, feed, droppings, when healthy and sick birds come in contact. At the first signs of salmonellosis, quarantine measures must be urgently taken - to isolate sick laying hens from the rest of the herd and treat them. At the same time, it must be remembered that a person can become infected with salmonella.

Traditionally, a young population of chickens under the age of one month is at risk. The signs of the disease are as follows:

  1. lack of appetite with great thirst.
  2. sticky swollen eyelids, watery eyes.
  3. diarrhea, frothy feces.
  4. lethargy and weakness.
  5. lameness, swollen joints of the legs, impaired coordination of movements - falling onto the back and twitching the head (the last sign is classified as a near-death stage).
  6. inflammation of the abdominal cavity and mucous membranes of the cloaca.
  7. growth retardation.
  8. labored breathing.

Once you have identified the disease, immediately proceed to cure it. To do this, having deposited the diseased chicken from the others, for twenty days one should give her furazolidone in a dosage of one tablet per three liters of water. Together with him, twice a day for ten days and give streptomycin. Then after the course you should take a week break and repeat everything again. In addition, chloramphenicol, sulfanilamide and chlortetracycline can be mixed with feed for ten days in a small dosage.

Prevention of the disease includes vaccination with immune serum. After treatment, the chicken coop needs to be disinfected, but the cured chicken will still be slaughtered, as it, after being cured, will remain a carrier of salmonellosis. Healthy chickens should be drunk with synthomycin (10 to 15 ml per hen) or chloramphenicol (5 to 10 ml). The dose is given three times a day in parts for a week.

Pasteurellosis

Another serious disease is pasteurellosis, which occurs in both acute and chronic forms. Its carriers are rodents and sick and recently ill birds. Young hens under the age of three months are most susceptible to it.

Symptoms of the disease are similar to the signs of many of the above diseases (difficulty breathing, wheezing, mucus in the nose, diarrhea, severe thirst in the absence of appetite, blue scallops, etc.), so it must be accurately diagnosed. If the diagnosis is correct, it is better to kill a sick bird. It should be remembered that pasteurella - the virus that causes the disease - is very resistant to environmental influences and can live in manure, corpses, feed and water for a long time. Therefore, the corpse of a chicken will not be out of place to burn. If you decide on treatment, then the best medicine is sulfa drugs - in particular, sulfamethazine in an amount of 0.1% of water and 0.5% of food - or strong antibiotics prescribed by a veterinarian - for example, a two percent aqueous solution of tetracycline or norsulfazole in a dosage 0.5 g at a time. However, you need to start healing the hen very quickly, as soon as you accurately find out the diagnosis. You also need to include greens and vitamins A, B, D, E in the diet of all chickens (if before that they were not part of the feed) and, of course, disinfect the whole chicken coop.

As a prevention of pasteurellosis, pre-vaccination of chicken herd with cholera serum and the destruction of rodents, the main carriers of pasteurella, help.

It should not be forgotten that this disease is also among the dangerous for humans.

Pullorosis is a disease associated with an upset gastrointestinal tract. Bacteria are transmitted by airborne droplets. Both young hens and adults are susceptible to it. The danger of the disease lies in the fact that in patients with pallorosis, chickens are infected with eggs, as a result of which already infected chickens are born. The disease has two forms - acute and chronic - and passes one into another, starting with acute. In a chronic form, a chicken can last almost its entire life, which is also dangerous for the rest of the livestock and for humans.

Symptoms of the disease are as follows:

  1. pallor of scallop and catkins.
  2. inactivity and general lethargy of the diseased bird.
  3. foamy liquid stool, changing color from white to yellowish.
  4. diarrhea and thirst in the absence of appetite.
  5. rapid breathing.
  6. impaired coordination of movements in chickens, their rapid weakness, frequent squeak, lowered wings.
  7. complete depletion of the diseased individual.
  8. change in the behavior of sick chickens, the desire to stay away from the rest.

Experts advise starting treatment even before a diagnosis is made, because, in their opinion, the reaction speed to the signs of the disease is important here. The faster the chimney sweeper responds to the problem, the higher the chances of saving the bird with minimal loss. As soon as you notice characteristic signs in your laying hens, immediately separate them from the main herd and quarantine them, where first give biomycin or neomycin in the dosage specified in the instructions for the preparations. Additionally, furazolidone can be added to the feed - both sick and healthy.

In addition to observing hygiene rules, the complex of preventive measures also includes airing the chicken coop and closely monitoring chickens, especially young and newborn chickens, in order to timely detect sick individuals. In this case, care must be taken: pullorosis can be transmitted to humans.

Bird flu

Avian influenza is another disease that occurs in the fall in severe form and affects the gastrointestinal tract and, at the same time, respiratory system. The disease causes massive death of the herd. Interestingly, this is almost the only “adult” disease that spares newborn chickens and young animals under the age of twenty days. All other chickens are at risk.

Signs of the disease:

  1. blue color of scallop and catkins.
  2. diarrhea.
  3. hoarse labored breathing.
  4. drowsiness and lethargy.

Avian influenza is one of the incurable diseases, so the only thing you can do in this case is to call a veterinarian when the first signs appear, make sure of the diagnosis and immediately kill the sick chickens so that the rest do not become infected, burn or deeply bury the corpses, falling asleep quicklime. As a preventative measure, disinfect the chicken coop and equipment. In this case, extreme caution must be observed: the bird flu virus in a mutated state can be transmitted to humans, and this will end extremely poorly for it.

Gumboro's disease

Gamboro's disease is one of the worst diseases that can happen to your laying hen. And it’s terrible, not only because, like many, it is incurable, but because it does not have pronounced symptoms and even elevated body temperature. The only sign characteristic of almost all infectious diseases and therefore not the most reliable in terms of diagnosis is diarrhea. An accurate diagnosis can be made only after opening the already dead chicken. Sometimes you can observe her biting cloaca, which is an uncharacteristic sign for other infectious diseases. Gamboro disease affects young hens under the age of five months. It is accompanied by inflammation of the lymphatic system, hemorrhages in the muscles and stomach and a decrease in immunity. The torment of the chicken lasts four to five days, after which death occurs. The corpses should be burned or buried deep, covered with quicklime.

As a preventative measure, in addition to observing the rules of hygiene, you can only recommend quarantine for a certain period for young animals purchased.

Symptoms of liver disease

Most often, the development of the disease is not noticeable, especially for acute hepatitis, in which there is a rapid death of the bird. But nevertheless, with special vigilance, you can notice a number of signs of a disturbance in well-being:

  • diarrhea, feces in a feathered bird turn brown,
  • the stomach increases in volume,
  • severe skin irritation in the area of ​​the wings.

Hepatic lipidosis occurs due to impaired fat metabolism, but there are known cases when the disease was congenital. As for its acquisition, the reasons for its occurrence are sufficient:

  • malnutrition
  • eating foods high in fat,
  • a large number of meals
  • lack of biotin in the diet,
  • thyroid disease
  • diabetes,
  • genes
  • contact with phosphorus or other toxins.

  • sudden loss of appetite,
  • constant drowsiness
  • severe obesity
  • tousled look
  • diarrhea, green droppings.

If the disease is not noticed in time, it will begin to progress greatly. The strongest disturbances of the nervous system will occur, convulsions and convulsions will appear. Even a fatal outcome is possible. You can identify the disease with the help of a special diagnosis - palpation of the liver. The treatment is prescribed by an experienced veterinarian and consists in a strict diet. It consists of eating quality food and fresh fruits and vegetables.

Laryngotracheitis

Closes our list of the most common infectious diseases laryngotracheitis - a disease that can, like smallpox, infect all poultry. As in the case of many other diseases, the virus is transmitted by airborne droplets and affects the respiratory system, causing irritation and inflammation. The symptoms of the disease are dictated by this irritation: in the chicken, wheezing is heard in the breath, its egg production decreases, the mucous membranes are inflamed, conjunctivitis, the area of ​​the beak and eyes are blue. Fortunately, laryngotracheitis is treatable, however, in its advanced form, its treatment is ineffective, so it is better to respond in a timely manner. Of the drugs, thromexin is considered the most effective. It should be given in this dosage: the first day - 2 g per liter of water, the next - 1 g per liter.The course of treatment should be at least five days, it must be carried out until the full recovery of diseased chickens. Breaks in treatment are not provided.

Despite the curability, the chicken remains a carrier of infection for several years, although it acquires immunity. Therefore, after a complete victory over the enemy, the whole chicken herd should be vaccinated against the background of hygiene and sanitation. It also doesn’t hurt to keep the purchased young animals in quarantine - until you make sure that he is not ill with anything.

Parasitic diseases

Not only infections lie in wait for your chickens at every step. We have already mentioned a number of parasitic diseases that no, no and yes can affect your herd. You can also have a hand in the appearance of some of them, if you are negligent in watching your pets and keeping them in the literal sense of the word “in a black body”. But some risks can be minimized. There are two types of parasites: external, which include poohoedy, spoofers, feather ticks and fleas, and internal ones - helminths.

Poohoedy and peroedy

Poohoedy and peroids are microscopic parasites that can be detected only by a careful examination of bird plumage. Affected feathers have frequent small holes, as from traces of a sewing machine. The most striking manifestations of the disease are constant scabies in chickens and their restless behavior.

For treatment, aerosols "Insectol" or "Arpalit" are used. They process the plumage of a bird from a distance of 15-20 cm for 1-2 seconds, avoiding contact with the beak and eyes. The chicken coop and inventory are handled in the same way. For prophylaxis in those farms where cases of infection have already been identified, this must be done once every two weeks.

Feather tick

Among the mentioned parasites, the feather tick is the most dangerous - for the reason that there are no means to combat it. The sign of infection with a feather tick is the only, but very characteristic - chickens begin to bald.

This is due to the fact that the parasite settles in the blood of the feather rods and destroys them. The only way to combat this disease is to slaughter a sick chicken.

Prevention provides for compliance with hygiene and quarantine rules for purchased young animals.

The easiest way to deal with fleas. To do this, you just need to change the litter in the nests for several days in a row, since fleas are most often found in it, burn the already used one and disinfect the chicken coop with insecticidal agents.

Prevention includes, in addition, deratization.

It is also advisable not to allow your bird to be close to stray animals.

If you have revealed worms in chickens, you should treat the entire herd with a special drug, which only a veterinarian can prescribe. It is better not to engage in self-medication, since your initiative can lead to the death of all the laying hens or to the complete futility of your treatment. Preventive measures include disinfection of the chicken coop and household equipment. It is also advisable to prevent contact of your hens with wild animals - in particular, with waterfowl.

Everything you ever wanted to know about chicken liver diseases!

Chickens are leaders in poultry farming. Today their breeding is popular in various countries of the world. It makes it possible to provide the population with valuable meat and irreplaceable eggs.

Poultry farming is a complex process that is currently underway using the latest techniques. The production of broilers is effectively organized, optimal environments for the artificial production of chicken eggs are formed.

Despite all this, the most important problem for farmers is various liver diseases in chickens. Often they suffer from young individuals and recently born chickens. The liver of chickens constantly suffers from unsustainable feeding and maintenance, since absolutely all substances from the external environment pass through this organ.

Possible liver disease in chickens

Liver diseases in chickens are quite common. They are non-contagious and contagious.

Moreover, in any case, the meat of sick individuals can not be eaten.

Infectious diseases of the liver of chickens include coligranulomatosis, histomoniasis, as well as coccidiosis:

  • Coligranulomatosis causes not only damage to the liver, but also the skin, cecum. The disease manifests itself in general weakness and weight loss, appetite. Chicken earrings and crests turn blue,
  • Histomonosis is observed most in young people. There is a decrease in appetite, activity, wings drop, feathers become dull. After 1 to 4 days after infection, diarrhea appears greenish-brown in color with an unpleasant pungent odor. After a while, the bird noticeably loses weight, stagnant phenomena develop. The scalp of an individual becomes dark blue, in a young bird - black.
  • To avoid the disease, it is necessary to keep young birds separately from adults, regularly conduct deworming against the causative agents of histomonosis,
  • Coccidiosis is a parasitic disease caused by coccidia. Coccidiosis from each other can be affected by the whole economy. Usually they fall ill with young birds, whose age is from two to twelve weeks. Adult hens do not get sick with them, but they can only be carriers of this parasite. With this disease, organs such as the liver, intestines, and kidneys are affected.

Symptoms are very reminiscent of Marek's disease and infectious bronchitis. Poultry constantly vilify, accumulate near heat sources, move with difficulty, refuse food. Outwardly sick bird has a tousled appearance and a scallop of a pale color.

The causes of the mentioned diseases

  • a diet high in saturated fats. The chicken body cannot cope with the increased fat content in the feed, it begins to put it off in reserve,
  • frequent feeding
  • thyroid disease
  • diabetes. It’s usually inherited,
  • private use of chemical elements in the household.
  • the causative agent of this chicken liver disease is Escherichia coli. It actively progresses in nutrient media at a temperature of 37 ° C for up to 8 weeks: in manure, soil, water, and premises.

  • protozoa of the Protozoa type, Apicomplexa subtype, Faggelatta class, Histomonas meleagridis species are the main causative agents of chicken liver disease. They affect both the liver and the cecum. The disease is accompanied by intoxication of the whole organism. Chicken is far behind in development, loses weight, poorly carries eggs. In the animal’s body, the disease is caused by a flagellate or flagellate unicellular.
  • the causative agent of coccidiosis is the simplest organisms - coccidia, as well as eimiria tenella. They enter the body of poultry through food, water, inventory.

The effect of coccidiosis on the bird

Coccidiosis caused by parasitic protozoa damages chickens in the first degree of the intestinal wall. There is a whole list of types of coccidiosis: harmless to birds, and life-threatening individuals. Dangerous pathogens usually live in the intestinal region.

Coccidiosis has a strong effect on young animals. Due to common toxic processes, they begin to malfunction the internal organs, the structure of the intestinal mucosa is disturbed, and the cells begin to die.

Due to coccidiosis of chickens, harmful substances accumulate in the body, observed general intoxication of the body of chickens. A disease in the shortest period of time can affect many parts of the intestine. Against the background of all this, the bird will begin to feel bad and absorb food, it will be susceptible to various other dangerous infections.

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Chicken liver disease treatment

For the treatment of the above diseases, the following methods should be applied:

  1. Obesity.Sick birds must be properly fed - food with a sufficient content of nutrients. Drugs that improve liver function should be given (Choline, Betanin, Letsetin, Methionine, etc.). These drugs are able to quickly break down feed and destroy excess body fat.
  2. Coligranulomatosis. When treating sick chickens, all veterinarian instructions must be strictly followed. Usually, chickens suffering from these diseases are prescribed broad-spectrum antibiotics, as well as iodine preparations.
  3. Histomoniasis. A sufficient number of drugs exist to treat this disease. The main thing is that you need to determine the infection in time. Sick individuals should be transferred to a separate pen, providing access to water and food. The best effect in the fight against the disease is shown by the drugs Metronidazole, Furazolidone, Phenothiazine, Tinidazole, Nitazole and others.
  4. Coccidiosis Having identified an infected bird, it must be urgently separated from other individuals. At the moment, there is no single drug that can cope with the disease. Veterinarians prescribe only preventive drugs: Koktsiprodin, Avatek, Koktsidiovit, Baykoks.

Any pets, including chickens, are susceptible to a variety of diseases. If you want to keep the economy, then carefully monitor the health of birds and their content. It is this approach that can ensure their excellent productivity.

Moreover, in any case, the meat of sick individuals can not be eaten.

Psoriasis disease: how and how to treat, methods, methods.

Sep 20, 2016. Psoriasis is a disease with a complex nature: can it be cured. To cause allergies, as well as food that is heavy for the stomach and liver.

Do not use hard washcloths and brushes while bathing, as well as solid soap - you need a soft sponge and shower gel with a neutral pH. After a bath or shower, apply a cream that helps retain moisture in the skin, for example, for children. Refuse synthetics and choose comfortable, spacious clothes made from natural soft fabrics - cotton, silk and others. It is often said that psoriasis is not a disease, but a consequence of lifestyle. There is some truth in this statement. If you are diagnosed with psoriasis, you will have to seriously review your habits and strictly follow the rules. Compliance with the recommendations and the treatment started in time allows achieving persistent and prolonged remission - many people suffering from psoriasis, in fact, do not suffer at all, since the disease does not manifest itself. But psoriasis does not tolerate frivolity - if it is not treated or treated independently, without the participation of a doctor, the exacerbations will soon become almost monthly, and it will be very difficult to regain beautiful skin and well-being.

Chicken Leukemia

It is caused by oncoviruses and often affects chickens older than 4 months. Symptoms of the disease are nonspecific, the main ones are: exhaustion, decreased egg production, diarrhea, anemic scallop. Tumors in chickens can form anywhere, but mainly in the pectoral muscles, under the skin and in the skin.

There is no cure. Suspicious chickens are isolated and slaughtered. As a prophylaxis of the disease, young chickens and an incubation egg are taken from farms that are successful in leukemia.

Disease treatment and prevention

As such, the treatment of the disease has not been developed. To prevent complications in chickens and their treatment in case of infection with a secondary infection, broad-spectrum antibiotics are used, spraying them in the air.

The main measure of disease prevention is to prevent the introduction of infection into the economy. In case of an outbreak, sick and suspicious chickens are killed, the room is disinfected.

Parrot Kidney Disease

There are several common diseases. Jade is a severe inflammation. It usually dispels very rapidly. Diagnosing the disease early is difficult. Therefore, at the moment when the diagnosis becomes clear, it is unlikely to save the injured bird.

But still there are a number of signs, noticing which it is worth going to the hospital immediately. In parrots, frequent intestinal upsets are noted, appetite gradually disappears. The patient feels constant thirst, sharply loses weight and the appearance of shortness of breath is noticed. As for physical changes, there are also a number of disorders here - swelling of the kidneys, pallor of the skin. However, it is impossible to notice this, therefore, most often an accurate diagnosis is made only after an autopsy.

Most often, a kidney disease in a parrot occurs under the influence of a viral or bacterial infection. If the poisoning was very severe, heal the pet does not work. The fact is that severe violations occur in the tissues of the liver. Jade is almost impossible to cure at home. Only a veterinarian will be able to identify the disease and prescribe appropriate treatment. The patient is prescribed vitamins, the nutritional diet is adjusted, and infrared radiation is prescribed.

Parrot Gout

This disease is characteristic of older birds. They rarely get sick under 10 years of age, although such cases have been noticed in medicine.

There are two types of gout:

  1. Joint - usually diagnosing it is not difficult. And this consists in the appearance of pronounced signs: yellow nodules form on the joints. This leads to the fact that the bird ceases to sit normally. Physical abnormalities lead to weakness and emaciation. A sick bird drinks a lot, its litter becomes liquid, and soon flows into diarrhea. If left untreated in the first three days of illness, the bird dies. Treatment consists in removing the inflamed nodules and squeezing out fluid from them.
  2. The visceral form is not expressed by any obvious signs. It can be detected only after a quality diagnosis. It occurs due to the accumulation of salts in the body. Treatment is carried out by the use of special medicines: atofan, urotropin, salicylic acid.

A liver disease in a parrot can kill a bird in a matter of days. Therefore, it is important to contact your veterinarian in a timely manner. Ara and cockatoos may not show a painful condition, but a caring owner will definitely see even the slightest change in behavior.

Egg Drop Syndrome-76

A viral disease in which egg production decreases, the shape of the eggs changes, the quality and pigmentation of the shell, the quality of the egg white worsens.

This disease has two groups of viruses. The first affects broiler breeds and does little damage. The second group causes a disease that causes serious economic damage to poultry farms.

Possible winter diseases of chickens

Diseases of laying hens in winter are caused by crowding in the winter chicken coop and a lack of vitamins and minerals. The most common chicken disease in winter, eimeriosis, is caused precisely by crowding the livestock in a small area.

If a decrease in egg production in winter is most likely due to short daylight hours, then biting of eggs, and sometimes tearing out feathers and biting of the body before meat can be caused by stress or lack of trace elements.

Under stress caused by too tight landing of chickens per unit area, chickens organize walks in the aviary, driving them into the chicken coop only at night. The rest of the time, hens can freely enter and exit the barn.

When self-biting and eating eggs, chickens add fodder chalk and fodder sulfur to the diet.

Usually, if the addition of chalk and sulfur does not save the eggs from biting, the pest chicken is slaughtered.

“Sitting on their paws,” if this is not an infection, comes precisely from lack of movement, and keeping chickens in the closed chicken house all winter adversely affects the respiratory system, which becomes noticeable when owners open sheds and let the hens go outside in the spring.

To prevent most winter diseases, it will be enough to provide chickens with a walk and a balanced diet.

Invasive diseases of chickens

Diseases caused by parasites.These diseases develop well in crowded conditions. Invasive diseases include:

When infected with a cannibal, the bird feels itchy on the body and tries to get rid of it by tearing the feather out of itself.

The spider is a large enough insect to be detectable even with the naked eye. And sometimes you can feel him crawling on your arm. Like any cutaneous parasite, the beetle is easily excreted by any means for animals from ticks and fleas. In fact, it is a chicken analogue of fleas and lice-eaters parasitizing on mammals.

Helminthiasis is treated with anthelmintic drugs according to the scheme indicated separately for each drug. For preventive purposes, chickens are dewhelmed every 4 months.

Knemidocoptosis or scabies mite can parasitize in chickens under the scales on the legs, causing tumors, or in the follicles of the feather, due to which the bird begins to itch and tear out the feather. Acaricidal drugs work well against it, which you can buy at a pharmacy or ask your veterinarian.

Pictured is a chicken paw infected with a tick.

Causes of non-communicable diseases of broilers and their elimination

Non-communicable diseases in broilers are usually caused by non-compliance with the temperature regime or feeding regime and diet.

Enteritis can be a sign of an infectious disease. Other diseases: gastritis, dyspepsia, cuticulitis, - usually the result of an unbalanced diet or feeding poor-quality feed. To eliminate the causes of these diseases is simple, it is enough to transfer the chickens to high-quality factory feed in order to exclude the infection of home-made feed by pathogenic microorganisms. Factory feed should also be stored in a cool, dry place.

Bronchopneumonia is a consequence of overcooling of chickens, provided that a secondary infection enters the respiratory tract. They are treated with antibiotics.

Signs of hypothermia: foamy outflows from the eyes and nasal openings of the beak. In addition, such a chicken trembles with his whole body. A simple cold goes away for a couple of days in a box with an air temperature of about 40 degrees.

Frozen chickens squeak and try to pile together. In this case, the room temperature needs to be increased.

When overheated, the chickens try to get as far away as possible from the heat source. Inactive. They often lie with their beaks on the floor. The temperature is reduced.

Despite the number of diseases harmful to an individual individual, the chicken as a species is not going to give way to any other poultry. And in fact, subject to the necessary sanitary standards, chicken diseases are not as scary as they might seem. Although it is necessary to be prepared for the loss of the entire chicken population.

With the disease, the joints become inflamed, intramuscular hemorrhages appear, and the kidneys are affected. The treatment has not been developed.

Diseases in chickens

Hello, I recently bought chickens, after about a week she hobbled up a chicken. There were no visible injuries. After a few days she could no longer walk. I gave ditrim, but today I had to hammer, she was already lying, breathing with difficulty and foam appeared in her eyes, although during the whole illness, the eyes were clean. And there was a bad smell, although the chicken was still alive. Tell me what it can be, the rest of the hens look healthy, but can they give something for prevention?

Last visit: 4 years 9 months ago

Registration: 03/13. - 20:33

Help me please.
2 chickens died (age about 1 year), when they were opened it turned out that they had decomposed liver. Tell me why it can be and how to protect other birds.

Hello, tell me, please, what it can be (scary or not scary).
Here is such a yolk in chickens - with white patches.
I would probably not pay attention. But recently the rooster died, and its two hens for a couple of weeks stopped rushing. They are about a year old. There was a change of feed from feed to feed + grain mix. Always - waste from the table (then I read what they got into and what should not be dropped).
The rooster escaped from the paddock and walked to the neighboring hens (bought at the poultry farm). A few days later, hoarseness, hoarse, began to publish a terrible hoarseness, like Darth Vader. He kept his beak ajar. Honestly, I was confused - like this, the village hens got sick (some descendants of Kuchinsky). I gave them anthelmintic (I also read that it was wrong). Then - an antibiotic (also wrong). I looked down my throat - normal (unexpectedly huge), nothing got stuck, without unpleasant odors. The rooster lasted a few more days, stopped eating, then died. I did not open it.
Hens, like he was hoarse, ceased to rush. After reading the info on the Internet, I decided that it was an STD along with bronchitis. I decided how to rake up with business - chickens under the ax and open. And they again entered with the same frequency of 1-2 eggs per day. The eggs were regular in shape all the time. Only the rooster had diarrhea. Chickens have the usual white-green thick bowel movements.
3 times came across such yolks, with white splashes. Now sometimes come across with bloody splashes. But they don’t have a rooster, from where? Any injuries?

Last visit: 4 years 2 months ago

Registration: 13.10. - 22:19

Help me please.
2 chickens died (age about 1 year), when they were opened it turned out that they had decomposed liver. Tell me why it can be and how to protect other birds.

I have the same story :(

Last visit: 1 month 1 week ago

Registration: 10.04. - 14:22

Hello! Help solve my problem with smokers. The chickens showed white diarrhea, became drowsy, they hid their heads back in plumage, their bodies turned red and blue, their plumage was dirty and ruffled, they were very hungry, not many of them stabbed their blood flowing very dark and dense, one the kidneys are enlarged, there are some white dots on the liver, the other has a gall bladder, 2-sticky intestines are filled - gave Furazolidone and enrofloxacin 2 cubic meters per 1 liter of water. Tell me what to do?

Last visit: 1 month 1 week ago

Registration: 10.04. - 14:22

Why is there no answer?

Last visit: 4 years 3 weeks ago

Registration: 04/26. - 23:54

Chickens got sick:
on the video, the first one had heavy breathing (while he was making the video, the chicken died).
second flaccid, wings down.

http://youtu.be/4SIz2_26tjo
there are some bumps in the photo. The left eye is swollen, maybe they beat him?
who will advise what?

The undisputed leader in poultry farming is domestic chickens, which began to be bred by humans in the third century BC. The progenitor of all modern chickens is the wild banker breed that lives in the dense forests of India and Indochina.

Breeding chickens is popular all over the world and allows you to provide consumer needs for tender meat and delicious eggs. Today, poultry farming is a complex technological process that takes place using the most advanced technologies. Organized production of meat breeds - boilers, created conditions for the artificial incubation of chicken eggs.

But, despite the scientific approach to raising birds, chicken diseases and their treatment remain one of the pressing problems. Particularly vulnerable to health problems are young and newly hatched chickens, who are sick much more often than adult birds.

Veterinary preventive measures are necessary to maintain bird health. It may happen that bird diseases discovered too late require the destruction of the entire stock. Therefore, it is extremely important to identify the disease until it has yet passed into a critical stage.

Not very dangerous, but still significantly unpleasant are non-communicable diseases of chickens, which can be caused by improper nutrition and maintenance. Such diseases are not transmitted by air, through food or in the event of contact between a sick chicken and a healthy chicken. Most often, such diseases occur in chickens that do not receive the proper amount of vitamins and mineral elements with food, which is manifested in their weakness and lethargy.

One of the most common chicken diseases is pasteurellosis, which is especially susceptible to young chickens. The disease manifests itself in an increase in the temperature of the body of birds, is characterized by mucous discharge from the nasal openings and a ruffled plumage. The acute course of pasteurellosis leads to a general case.

A dangerous disease is colisepticemia (colibacteriosis). which is caused by the action of pathogenic E. coli. The main cause of infection is an unbalanced diet and unsanitary conditions for keeping chickens. Colibacteriosis affects such vital organs as the heart, lungs, liver, intestines and oviducts. Sick chickens lose their appetite, have a depressed appearance, body temperature is elevated, breathing is difficult. A concomitant symptom is a significant manifestation of thirst. Treatment is with drugs such as terramycin and biomycin, which can be added to food or sprayed in the air of the house in the form of aerosols.

To detect diseases of chickens, it is necessary to conduct their regular inspection. In this case, attention should be paid to the condition of their mucous membranes, the appearance of the skin, the general mobility of birds, the state of the respiratory and digestive organs.

Unpleasant are liver diseases in chickens. An infectious disease of this organ is obesity of the liver. Its cause may be an insufficient content of amino acids and vitamins of groups B and E in the body or poisoning with toxic substances. In both cases, obesity of the liver leads to metabolic disorders. As a prophylaxis and treatment, it is recommended to add vitamin E.

Coligranulomatosis is a contagious liver disease. In addition to the liver, it causes damage to the cecum and skin. It manifests itself in general weakness and exhaustion, lack of appetite. The crests and earrings of chickens acquire a bluish tint. Treatment of diseased chickens is carried out using antibiotics.

Like all pets, chickens are susceptible to various diseases. To preserve the poultry economy, it is necessary to carefully monitor the state of health of birds and observe the correctness of their content. The right approach to the health of chickens will ensure their good productivity.

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Help me please.
2 chickens died (age about 1 year), when they were opened it turned out that they had decomposed liver. Tell me why it can be and how to protect other birds.

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