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Are you an active city dweller who loves sports? Want to get yourself a four-legged companion, but can't decide on a breed? The athletic and athletic breed of bull terrier dogs is ideal for you. These dogs, with proper upbringing, are able to become loyal friends and reliable guards. Despite the widespread slander of the media about the bad temper of these animals, they are in perfect harmony in urban life and are very popular. Today, these egg-headed dogs are no longer those bullfighters, fearlessly cracking down on bulls and wild boars. Thanks to the efforts of the breeders, they have long turned into loyal and complaisant companion dogs for people who like strength and sport. In this article you can familiarize yourself with the breed description, see photos, find out the price and reviews of the breed owners.
Bull Terrier History
The English white bull terrier was brought out in the mid-19th century by J. Hinx, who lived in the English city of Birmingham. He gave the name to the breed, which was the result of the crossing of English bulldogs, terriers and Dalmatians. By that time, in England there was a pedigree group of bull-and-terriers, created by long-term selection by the British people. J. Hinks in his “creation” significantly improved the appearance of “popular creation”. He corrected the “bulldog”, the body of the dog became longer, the head lengthened and acquired an ovoid shape, the lips ceased to be loose, the neck pendants were eliminated. In the white bull terrier, the best character traits of all crossed individuals were also embodied - energy, working capacity, strength. With all these qualities, the animal retained its intelligence. Teachers and students of the University of Oxford, in a sign of good form, started these dogs. The English Kennel Club categorically recognized the White Bull Terrier as an independent breed. At the dawn of the 20th century, it was allowed to breed individuals of different colors.
A proportionally built strong and flexible dog. He looks resolutely. Active, mischievous. Can be trained. Training should take place in a calm, but rigorous and persistent form. The standard provides for the presence of a sports form in the bull terrier. The dog is supposed to be squat and strong, but without anatomical excesses. It moves easily. Among animals, cases of deafness are frequent, these individuals are disqualified and lose their suitability for breeding.
- The head is powerful, elongated, set low. When viewed “directly” it has an egg-shaped shape with absolutely no bends. It doesn't look rude. The cut from the dummy to the tip of the nose is flat.
- The tip of the nose looks down a little, the nostrils are clearly marked and open.
- The jaw, especially the lower one, is very strong. Bite is like scissors. “Snack” or “undershot” is considered a disqualifying defect. The teeth are white, strong, healthy.
- The eyes are narrowed, triangular. Set deep - inside the skull, look askance. Color - dark, bright eyes are a reason for disqualification.
- Ears are set close together. Small, thin, stand strictly upright.
- Legs (front and rear) are strong, parallel to each other, of medium length. Forefeet with rounded, solid skeleton for dog stability. Knees are flexible.
- The shoulder blades are adjacent to the chest. Flat.
- The body is round with a deep chest and protruding ribs. The abdomen is higher from the ground than the rib cage. The back is strong, shortened. When looking at the dog “straight”, the wide chest with its muscles bulges to the sides.
- Color: white or color. With white color, the standard allows spots of a different color on the head.
- The tail is short, set low. It tapers towards the end.
- Weight should be moderate and fit.
Depending on the prevalence of crossed blood, bull terriers are divided into types:
- Terrier. Compact, energetic. Usually his head is smaller than other types.
- Bulldog. Strong, with powerful heavy bones. Characterized by shortened movements. Often, a jawbone is present in individuals.
- Mixed (terrier and bulldog). Combines the qualities of both types.
- Dalmatian. High legs. It moves smoothly and efficiently. The length of the head is usually longer than other types.
Bull Terrier breed character
In contrast to the reputation of aggressive fighting dogs , about which there are whole legends and jokes, bull terriers are very kind and gentle to the person. They are distinguished by attention and observation, which further emphasizes the specific structure of their muzzle. One gets the impression that an elongated egg-shaped muzzle everywhere watches his family, especially the owner, and even reads his thoughts. Dogs are smart. Very in need of love and attention. They love children.
Bull terrier and children are a separate topic of conversation. Dogs babysit with them as with their puppies and will never harm the child. Animals cannot be teased, even during the game. This dog can be regarded as a challenge and will begin to show aggression. Poor loneliness. It is important to educate and socialize them correctly and in time.
Dogs that are not castrated cannot be kept in the house with other males. Such individuals are the most aggressive bull terriers. If there are other animals in the house, bull terriers can be friends with them, but it is better to look after animals and not leave them alone for a long time. Bull terriers are true companion dogs. Watch dogs they are not the best, because will try to bark at all passers-by.
Training at home bull terrier
A properly trained bull terrier demonstrates courage, courage, activity and, at the same time, a calm mind and consent to obedience. A person ignorant of the issues of education and training dogs in general, and bull terriers in particular, should not be taken up on an impossible task. In this case, you need to contact a professional. But, if a puppy of this extraordinary breed appeared in the house, you will have to understand the basics of this skill anyway - you need to start raising a pet from the first months of life:
- Bull terriers are often stubborn. Their owners are encouraged to mobilize their patience and perseverance.
- First you need to clearly explain to the puppy what is “good” and what is “bad”. The kids of this breed are smart and, with skillful presentation, will quickly understand the essence of things.
- Initially, let the puppy know that he is the lowest “step” in the family ladder. According to this, with a dog you can not punish your children and other animals in the house.
- Training should be conducted in a playful manner. Approaching training is strongly recommended after 8 months.
- You can not be annoyed, screaming, and even more so, apply corporal punishment - so the baby will have an aversion to learning. In addition, these dogs have a very low pain threshold, so they will feel little, but they will understand the negative mood of the owner.
- The correct behavior of the owner in relation to his pet is the key to the fact that the dog will be a faithful and flexible friend, and not an aggressive and uncontrollable monster.
- In an effort to achieve dog obedience, one cannot "go too far" - to humiliate a dog, suppress any manifestations of his nature and suppress any initiative. He harbors malice, becomes an aggressive and angry dog, or, on the contrary, “squeezes” and will accumulate complexes.
- Bull terriers want to please their owners and put maximum effort into this. The dog should be periodically encouraged: with a kind word, stroking, a treat. There is an unwritten rule: "10 praises - 2 reprimands."
- For dogs of this breed, socialization is very important for successful "infusion" into public life.
Bull Terrier Disease
Dogs have good health, but have characteristic ailments transmitted by inheritance:
- Deafness. It is especially common in individuals of white color. Born puppies are immediately checked for deafness. Lack of hearing may be in one or both ears. Such puppies are not allowed to breed further.
- Acrodermatitis. Zinc deficiency skin disease. Usually on paws. Danger of death.
- Kidney disease.
- Heart and vascular insufficiency. It occurs more often in mini-individuals.
- Dislocation of the eye lens. A genetic disease in which the lens freely leaves the eye opening.
- Inversion (inversion) of the eye eyelid.
- Vulnerability (dislocation) of the patella.
- Dysplasia the hip joint.
Care and maintenance
Dogs feels great in an ordinary city apartment, but you need to monitor the usefulness of their physical activity. Otherwise, the dog will die or become aggressive. Do not tolerate loneliness. Wool practically does not fade and does not require special care. Even if the dog got dirty during a walk in the slushy season of the year, it is enough to wipe it with a damp cloth. Wool - an indicator of the health of the dog. A dull hair indicates a pet's disease. Due to the specific structure of the muzzle, a special muzzle for the bull terrier is used.
Bull Terrier Power
These dogs are not picky about food. You can feed them dry quality feed or natural varied foods. The basis for natural feeding is meat (beef), which is recommended to alternate with liver (liver, heart, lung), chicken, fish (preferably sea not bony). Mandatory - cereals, dairy products, boiled vegetables, fruits, vitamin supplements. A raw egg should be given a couple of times a week.
Bull Terrier, a very old breed, originally from England. The bulldog and the terrier participated in breeding such a handsome man as the bull terrier, which naturally becomes clear, judging by the name of the breed. The misconception, very frequent that this is a young breed, is refuted by the fact that the bull terrier was bred for many years earlier than such well-known German breeds. The “father” of the modern bull terrier is James Hinks. He managed to consolidate all the typical features of such a dog.
The difference between dog breeding in the nineteenth century and dog breeding in the twentieth century was that then, first of all, they paid attention to the achievements, successes of the dog in one or another field set by man. And breeders, very often the appearance of the dogs, pushed to the last places. But in the twentieth everything changed, in a completely different direction, they began to pay attention to appearance, and the implementation of certain functions typical of the breed was forgotten.
But be that as it may, the bull terrier was and is an excellent athlete, his spirit, strong character, is often compared with the qualities of a gladiator. And this is true, true.
Fighting breeds of dogs, any, these are not dangerous killers, these are the most faithful friends and companions. But there are such not good people, it is difficult to find softer words, they specially make such dogs aggressive and nervous, often they set them on other animals and people. Thus, spoiling the reputation of these beautiful dogs.
Staffordshire Bull Terrier
Height: 35-40 cm, weight: 13-22 kg. Lives 10-16 years.
Character: courageous, intelligent, obedient, cheerful, friendly (not only with family members, but also with strangers). Very attentive and observant. An impending danger will immediately warn the owner and is always ready to protect him. With proper upbringing, he will grow up balanced and calm, will get along with other animals. He likes to be in the center of attention, requires attention and a good attitude. He loves children and easily finds a common language with them. The child protects as his own puppy. A dog needs a master with a strong and strong-willed character, but at the same time, a person must be with a good soul.
English Staffordshire Bull Terrier
Height: 35.5‑41 cm, weight: 10.8‑17.2 kg.
J. Hinks, after his brilliant selection of bull terrier, conducted a scientific experiment and tied the English white bull terrier with staff. As a result, this breed appeared. Individuals can be painted in red, deer, white, black, amber, tiger, blue. In any color, the presence of white spots is allowed.
Mini Bull Terrier
Height: 25-35 cm at the withers.
The little bull terrier in everything is an exact reduced copy of its large relative. Mini breed was displayed in parallel with the main one. For those who want to have a small brave dog, small individuals were specially selected for further selection. The breed has been “honed” for 50 long years. Its standard was registered in 1991.
Bull terrier price
The cost of puppies without a pedigree is in the range of 15-25 thousand rubles, puppies of a bull terrier with a pedigree, but having minor cosmetic defects - 30-45 thousand rubles, the price of births with a claim to victory in competitions is much higher - 50-80 thousand rubles .
Pedigree puppies are sold in large kennels of bull terriers from serious breeders, kids below the class can be bought by hand, on the Internet (on Avito, bull terrier forums, VK, etc.), according to an announcement in the newspaper.
Owner reviews of the Bull Terrier dog
Six months ago, my Bull Terrier Lyon died ... He was 12 years old. I mourn him as if I were my own person. Next year we will take a puppy and certainly the same breed. My dog was wonderful. He lived with us in an apartment, 3 rooms. He was very friendly with the cat Timofey, he was like his own father. After the death of the dog, Timka howled, sitting in Lyon's favorite place. My dog’s temper was balanced, friendly. My advice to future owners of bull terriers: teach not to rush to strangers, then it’s very difficult to retrain. Health, as a rule, is good for these dogs. The only thing is, ask the sellers for a certificate that there are no hereditary diseases.
My bull terrier Alma is very perky, funny. Loves the game. He is friends with our cat. Generally get along with other animals. I have never bitten anyone - neither an animal, nor a person. But I was very seriously engaged in her upbringing, from an early age, according to all the rules. Perfectly understands and remembers teams. And what a reliable defender it is! You can safely go with her for a walk at night in the most remote back streets.
I have been dreaming of having a bull terrier for a very long time, but so far it has not worked out. As a child, the neighbor bull terrier Lada saved me from hooligans. I will never forget her. Their muzzles are completely unusual, emphasizing their originality.
I can not imagine how you can not love these dogs! These are such "trifles"! Reliable defenders. Our dog is devoted to the family with all his soul and is ready to protect day and night. Sincerely loves us. I also do not understand when they say that dogs have an ugly head shape. Yes, she’s cool. And besides, what does it matter, the nature of the dog is more important. And she is wonderful. It is very important to love and respect them. It is also important to educate correctly and on time.
- Breed Name: Bull terrier
- Country of origin: Great Britain
- Breeding time: XIX century
- Weight: 23-32 kg
- Height (height at the withers): 53-56 cm
- Life span: 11-14 years old
- Despite the frightening appearance, the bull terriers are very friendly and loyal, if properly educated.
- These dogs are overly active and therefore need regular exercise, where they can splash out their energy.
- Bull terrier is not the best option for protection, as it rarely shows aggression even against strangers.
- Representatives of the breed do not tolerate loneliness, so they do not get along with people who are often absent at home.
- They make wonderful nannies for children, but it is recommended not to take your eyes off the pet during violent games with your child.
- It is not recommended to keep a bull terrier with other pets: this breed is very dominant and will not tolerate competition.
- The dog needs early socialization and education, otherwise it will grow up uncontrollable and embittered.
- These English aristocrats are only suitable for experienced dog breeders who will take a leadership position and not give in to their four-legged friend.
Bull terrier - a breed that can be described in two words: “explosive mixture”. With improper upbringing, the good-natured nature of the animal will give way to the ancient instincts of struggle, which, along with developed intelligence, will cause many troubles. When choosing a bull terrier, it is worthwhile to soberly assess your strength and strength of character - the necessary conditions for the competent socialization of the dog. However, having taken the place of alpha in the “pack”, you will become the happy owner of a devoted pet who will fully give you love and attention. This athlete will happily join a family morning run or active soccer game.
Description and standard
Bull terriers are energetic medium-sized dogs with a hard-dry constitution and an almost square format body. They move confidently, smoothly and easily.
Representatives of this breed have a pronounced sexual demorphism - males are larger, more powerful and more massive than females.
- the head is ovoid, elongated, the lower jaw is clearly defined,
- the skull is rounded, sloping, the upper part between the ears is flat,
- large nose, nostrils developed, black lobe,
- lips are dry, tight to the jaws,
- scissor bite,
- eyes are small, triangular, set obliquely and deeply, the iris is dark brown,
- ears are small, V-shaped, erect, thin, set close together,
- the neck is strong, with developed muscles, long, arched, tapering from the shoulders to the head,
- the chest is wide,
- the back is short, strong, wide, straight,
- loin wide, slightly convex, muscular,
- tight stomach
- tail of medium length, thick at the base and tapering slightly towards the end, set low,
- forelegs strong, even, length almost equal to chest depth,
- hind legs set in parallel, thighs with developed muscles.
The standard does not regulate the weight and height of bull terriers, but these dogs should be as powerful as possible in size.
The stereotype that bull terriers are angry, unbalanced dogs, prone to aggressive behavior is firmly entrenched in society.
However, despite the fighting past, these are funny, affectionate, playful and friendly animals, distinguished by devotion and the ability to find a common language with all family members.
Representatives of this breed are not characterized by aggression towards people. Such behavior has always been considered a serious flaw and individuals in which it was observed were rejected.
Bull Terriers - smart and smart dogs. They lend themselves well to training, but can sometimes be stubborn. Therefore, it is important from a young age to properly raise a pet.
These dogs do not tolerate loneliness. Out of boredom and idleness, he begins to seek a way out of his indefatigable energy through damage to property.
They need physical activity, regular active walks, including elements of training, running and other activities that allow you to get rid of energy and keep fit.
Bull terriers will be great pets for active people who love sports and are keen on running. The owner of the bull terrier must be an experienced dog breeder with strong nerves, leadership qualities, patience and perseverance.
Bull Terrier Jaws
Experts say that the compression force of the jaws of the bull terrier is 21-25 atmospheres.
The widespread belief that representatives of this breed possess the so-called “death grip” is a myth.
The results of numerous studies have proved that these dogs do not have any features in the structure of muscles or bones, and the ability to bite small objects and small animals without opening their teeth is explained by natural strength.
Pros and cons
In addition to the original, extravagant appearance, bull terriers have the following advantages:
- affectionate, friendly disposition,
- lack of aggression and anger towards people,
- strength and endurance
- mind and quick wits
- learning ability
- easy care
Cons of breed:
- the need for competent education and socialization,
- aggressive attitude towards other animals,
- tendency to overheat and sunburn,
- intolerance of loneliness.
In addition, representatives of this breed are not suitable as watchmen and guards.
Types and their description
There are 3 types of bull terriers allocated by FCI:
- English - fast and energetic dogs with a white coat, bred as a result of mating a bulldog, terrier and Dalmatian,
- Staffordshire - energetic, but slow animals with significant exterior differences from English bulls, the hair can be tiger, black, red with white, brown, red and other colors,
- dwarf - a miniature copy of the English bull terrier with a wool coat of a three-color, white or tan color.
All these breeds are independent and only partially connected with each other.
In accordance with the pedigree standard, the pigmentation of the skin of bull terriers does not matter, and their coat can be:
- white - the most common color in which the coat is solid white, but the presence of marks of any color on the head is acceptable,
- ginger - coat of solid red color of any shade without spots and marks,
- black - as a rule, such dogs on the body have small inclusions of white, therefore, despite the predominance of black, the color is classified as bicolor,
- bicolor - wool is dyed white and some other color,
- tricolor - coat of white, black and red (brown) colors,
- brindle - wool of red color with dark stripes or vice versa, in the presence of white marks on the face, the color is called tiger-white.
Gray, fawn, blue bull terriers, as well as individuals with a white coat, in which color spots are not located on the head, are not allowed until breeding.
Does it relate to children and does it get along with other pets?
Bull terriers at home get along well with children, becoming for them excellent nannies. These dogs are patient and loyal to children's pranks.
Being funny and carefree animals, they quickly find a common language with the kids and enjoy playing with them.
Moreover, it is better to have a puppy when the family already has a baby - this will help to avoid jealousy from the side of the dog and its attempts to regain the undivided attention of the owners.
Bull terriers are fighting dogs, the desire to win and be leaders is genetically embedded in them..
Therefore, they can not stand the competition that other pets create, and the natural instincts of these dogs sooner or later take over. At the sight of cats, bull terriers lose control and become uncontrollable, in them dogs see only the object of hunting.
Wool and bathing
Bull terriers need to be combed out no more than 3 times a week with a stiff brush made of natural bristles - this allows you to improve blood circulation and get rid of dust and minor contaminants.
During seasonal links, you need to comb your pet daily with a special glove for grooming.
It is necessary to bathe the representatives of this breed as it gets dirty, at most 1 time per quarter, using a special mild shampoo for dogs.
To avoid plaque and stones, you need to brush your pet’s teeth with a special brush and toothpaste once a week.
As a rule, the claws of adult dogs grind on their own while walking. If this does not happen, they should be trimmed every 3-4 weeks with a guillotine claw cutter so as not to hurt the blood vessels.
Wipe the inside of the ear weekly with a damp cotton pad. Do not use cotton buds - any careless movement can lead to hearing loss in the pet.
Health and underlying diseases, life expectancy
On average, bull terriers live 10-15 years.
Representatives of this breed have good immunity and good health, however, there are a number of diseases, the predisposition to which is due to genetics:
- copper toxicosis,
- hypoplasia of the larynx,
- splitting of the palate and upper lip,
- dislocation of the elbow and patella,
- hip dysplasia,
- polycystic kidney disease,
- inversion and eversion of the century,
- bicuspid heart valve dysplasia,
- obsessive-compulsive disorder,
- aortic stenosis.
With age, bull terriers increase the risk of developing breast sarcoma and mastocytoma.
In addition, these dogs have very delicate skin, which is why they run the risk of sunburn in the summer and a tendency to develop skin allergic reactions - even a mosquito bite can cause itching, rashes and hives.
It should be noted that the bull terrier bred by Hinks did not exist in this form for long. Breeding continued, and in 1928 a male was bred, which became an example of a modern bull terrier. It was the Lord Gladiator, whose head was almost close to modern standards and very much resembled an egg.
New dogs were in good health and their life expectancy was 11-14 years.
Initially, breeders bred a white dog, suggesting a high interest in her among the aristocrats. Subsequently, crossbreeding with amstaffs occurred, as a result of which the first color bull terriers were obtained. Their appearance was taken with hostility, opponents protested the decision of the judges of the exhibition, which won such a dog. According to them, the breeding of colored bull terriers was to destroy the breed.
However, the appearance of dogs of different colors saved her, eliminating the diseases that began to appear as a result of the depletion of the gene pool during the selection of snow-white individuals.
- white is considered the main breed. Marks are allowed, which should be located strictly on the head. Often there are bull terriers in which the whole body
- covered with dark spots, reminiscent of the color of the Dalmatian. Absolutely snow-white dogs are considered albinos,
- brindle - frequent black stripes are located on a red background,
- tricolor - black color prevails with a small amount of white, red tan. Often this color resembles a Rottweiler or Doberman,
- red color. Currently, more and more individuals of all shades of red or brown. The dog can be completely red or with white spots located on the chest, legs or face,
- colors of blue, sand, gray are considered unacceptable.
- bull terrier weight does not depend on gender and varies between 23-30 kg,
- growth at the withers in females can reach 40 cm, in males up to 55 cm,
- the bull terrier's coat is dense, thick and tough,
- the head is egg-shaped, down,
- the lower jaw has a clear outline,
- ears are erect with strong cartilage. At present, it is impossible to see the bull terrier with cropped ears, it was forbidden back in 1895,
- eyes are one of the hallmarks of the breed. It is officially recognized that they are triangular in shape. Blue eyes are disqualified
- the teeth are large, strong and very sharp,
- the bite is scissor-shaped; the tail is thick and strong at the base, narrowed at the end. Set low
- The structure of the bull terrier is compact, but at the same time harmoniously developed, muscular,
- the nose should have even pigmentation. The pigment of pink, sand, flesh color is unacceptable.
Varieties of breed
The IFF identifies the varieties of the breed: Staffordshire, dwarf (mini), English bull terriers.
Staffordshire little resembles his brother, more slow.
The standard of mini bull terriers provides all the same requirements that apply to ordinary bulls. But from the name of the breed, it becomes clear that the difference between the species lies in their size. In addition, stricter weight requirements are imposed on mini-brothers. The height of the decorative bull terrier should not be more than 35 cm, and the weight should be within 11-15 kg. If these indicators are exceeded, the dog will look awkward, sort of beefy strong fellow on short legs.
It can be said that most dogs of fighting breeds have something in common. Due to the external uniqueness, the bull terrier is very difficult to confuse with any other breed.
Pakistani Bull Terrier
Another name for the breed is the gull terrier. Dogs have many similarities, being close relatives. But Pakistani’s head shape is smooth and wide, not egg-shaped.
In addition, gull terriers are higher (up to 68 cm at the withers) and heavy (up to 50 kg).
The rest of the English and Pakistani bull terriers are almost identical.
Pit Bull Terrier, American Stafford
The most famous fighting dog breeds in our country, mentioned together with bull terriers in scary stories about dog attacks. Great energy and power unites them, but not anger and aggression. Only improper upbringing can make uncontrollable killers out of this trinity.
The nature and features of behavior
We highlight the main features of the bull terrier:
- constant desire to dominate
- congenital zoo aggression,
- It does not have genetically driven aggression towards humans. Puppies showing aggression to humans were rejected during selection,
- loves children.
When starting such a dog, it is necessary to understand that the owner should occupy a dominant position relative to the pet. It will be very difficult for the bull terrier to develop relations with other animals in the house - it will be dangerous for them if the owner cannot put it in its place. Although in many families several bull terriers coexist, adjacent to cats and domestic rodents.
That's how they can get along with cats.
Parenting and training
It is necessary to educate a bull terrier puppy from the very first days of being in a new house. In addition to accustoming to the nickname, you need to familiarize the baby with the inhabitants of the house and the rules established in it. It is good if children participate in the training process, whom the puppy must obey.
See how the bul is playing with the baby.
Particular attention should be paid to the rules of behavior on the street. Often the owner can’t get used to the change of behavior, when a calm dog suddenly becomes angry and uncontrollable on the street, and given its size and strength, this can be a huge problem.
It is in relation to the bull terrier that you can strongly advise to invite a professional instructor to help or attend training courses.
Long walks and very active games will greatly help in raising a pet. Be sure to walk the bull terrier before going to bed so that it can throw off the energy boiling in it.
A child cannot walk with the bull terrier. Remember that children cannot stop fighting animals.
Basic rules for training a little bull terrier:
- teach him to share toys and food,
- if the baby is tired, stop learning,
- Do not scold for an unfulfilled command, but achieve execution by repeating
- Be sure to encourage during training.
Do not forget about the obligatory attribute of walks - a muzzle.
You should definitely learn to extinguish conflicts, since even the most balanced representative of the breed can react to the aggressive grin of another dog. To stop the fight, you need to raise the hind legs of the bull terrier and fix between your legs. So he will have no room for maneuver. Sometimes, an object may be needed to open the jaw.
If he crags and growls at another dog, just lock him so that the collar is pulled.
Puppies appear 9 weeks after mating. During pregnancy, it is necessary to reconsider the diet of feeding the bull terrier. She will need more calcium than usual. Recommendations for increasing the dose should be given by a veterinarian.
After the manifestation of the first signs of pregnancy: swelling of the nipples, prolapse of the abdomen, it will be necessary to reduce the time spent on the street, but make such trips more frequent.
You need to feed the dog during pregnancy more often. Give her more peace, find a secluded place where there are no loud sounds. Before giving birth, the bitch rips the hair around the nipples. The owner needs to do their hygiene by wiping with a clean soft cloth.
If you have experience, you can prepare to take birth on your own. Otherwise, consult a specialist so as not to lose the bitch and her offspring in childbirth.
Bull terriers are unassuming dogs. They will not require special care. Naturally, periodic treatment of parasites and annual vaccinations are necessary.
The ears and eyes of the dog need hygiene. It is better to use special lotions sold in pet stores. Teeth should be cleaned every two days using a nozzle or a special brush and toothpaste. Watch for stone and bleeding.
The hair is combed out once every few days, using a mitt or brush. It is often not necessary to bathe the bull terrier, it is only done as pollution becomes. But given that these dogs just love to flounder in various ponds in the warm season, this has to be done more often than we would like. For snow-white pets, it is better to use a special shampoo.
Pay special attention to walks in the warm season. Treat the dog from flying insects, even a simple mosquito bite can cause severe hives and swelling.
Bull terrier diets can be based on industrial feed or natural products.
Each owner independently determines what the dog’s nutrition will be, the main thing is not to mix both types of feeding and make sure that the diet is balanced, nutritious and includes all the necessary vitamins, macro- and microelements.
Natural nutrition allows the owner to independently control the quality of the products consumed by the pet, and diversify the diet as much as possible.
With this type of feeding, the menu must include:
- lean meat
- chicken or beef offal,
- boiled sea fish,
- seasonal fruits and vegetables, greens,
- raw eggs
- vegetable oils,
- dairy products,
As a treat, you can give your pet hard cheese.
It is necessary to additionally give the vitamin complex to the bull terrier, and calcium for up to 18 months.
Representatives of this breed are prohibited:
- fat meat,
- smoked meats, pickles, marinades,
- sweets, chocolate,
- River fish,
- spicy and fried foods
- bakery and pasta
In the event that the diet is based on ready-made feed, it should correspond to the age, physiological condition and health of the pet.
Do not save on feeding the bull terrier and purchase feed of economy class - these dogs are suitable products not lower than premium.
The feed brands most suitable for representatives of this breed are Orijen, AATU, Applaws, Acana, Bozita, Solid, Genesis, GO !, Grandorf.
Bull Terrier Characteristic
Perhaps the characterization of the bull terrier should start from its nature. From the fact that during the selection of animals for their breeding, for more than a hundred generations, its character was determined, which is significantly different from other dog breeds. The breeding goal was a very intelligent, loyal and intelligent dog with a strong character and iron will. Ready to fight to the end.
A very important fact is that a fighting dog should not show any aggression towards a person. And the dogs that showed such aggressiveness were immediately discarded and not allowed to breed.
Bull terrier is not suitable for street content. It freezes in the cold and overheats in the heat, often getting burns from the sun.
You will need specialized clothing selected for the season. It is better to have two or three sets: winter, autumn insulated and waterproof thin overalls.
These dogs just love to bite and pop everything they can find in your home. Additionally, buy a whole arsenal of toys and tasty bones that will brush your teeth and help pass the time.
What is the danger of a bull terrier for a person?
To begin with, any, even the smallest breed of dog can bite and be aggressive to humans. Such a dog as a bull terrier differs from other dogs in its strength and tenacity. Absolutely from any dog you can raise the perfect companion, and also from any friendly dog, a person, purposefully, or without realizing it, can make a monster. The main thing to remember is that any dog is not born a monster, we humans do them that way.
And therefore, for any action the animal should be responsible, its owner. Therefore, when answering a question about the danger of the bull terrier, all dog handlers reiterate with one voice, NOTHING, the bull terrier is absolutely not dangerous. If he is brought up, and lives with adequate and responsible people.
Of course, however, dogs do not always fall into the hands of good people. Many believe that a fighting dog needs fights, and set bull terriers on yard dogs. This is completely wrong. The bull terrier is a very active dog, and he needs physical activity, not fights. He has no need to kill, he needs competition, he is an athlete, so just play and walk with him more often. You can go in for sports with an animal, let it sip you on roller skates, he will really like it. Regularly playing sports with your pet, you stop all problems with not wasted energy, and if they were, then after such stress they will leave.
The diet should consist of ready-made dry food or natural food. Mixing two directions is not worth it; the digestion of bull terriers is very sensitive to such changes.
When choosing ready-made feeds, it is necessary to focus on the premium class, given the disease and age of the pet.
When preparing a natural diet, consult your veterinarian for advice on choosing a vitamin complex.
Natural nutrition should contain:
Exclude from the diet:
- river fish
- smoked meats and sweets,
- high fat meat
- spicy, salty, spices,
- bakery products.
Here is an example of a holiday dinner.
Almost two hundred years old selection was aimed at breeding individuals in which there will no longer be aggression in the blood of a person, and the psyche will be stable. Therefore, choosing a puppy as before, and now it is worth it only in proven nurseries.
The optimal age for purchase is 2.5-3 months. At this age, it is best to begin the socialization of the baby. When choosing, pay attention to the rumor of a small bull terrier. It is checked, for example, with a squeaking toy.
Consider parents, deviations from the standard in such a breed can be noticed even by a layman.
|For girls||Bessie, Zoe, Mickey, Ronnie, Denna, Devi, Abby, Chloe, Halle, Xena.|
|For boys||White, Baron, Graham, Tucker, Dustin, Khaki, Cody, Rocky, Zeus, Yarmak.|
How to choose? Boy or girl?
To have confidence in the thoroughbredness and health of the puppy, you should purchase it in a specialized nursery or from trusted breeders. The puppy's age most suitable for purchase is 2-2.5 months.
The future pet must be carefully examined for pathologies and compliance with the standard.
He must have:
- 12 teeth - 6 at the top and bottom,
- large ovoid head
- dense skeleton,
- scissors bite
- small triangular eyes
- smooth and shiny coat without dandruff,
- clean skin without rash and irritation.
The puppy must be developed according to age, lethargy or excessive activity and obsession can indicate developmental abnormalities.
The special structure of the head and ears of bull terriers often leads to deafness, so it is important to check the puppy’s hearing by clapping his hands and looking at his reaction.
It should be remembered that males of this breed are more assertive, independent and stubborn, bitches are much more docile and affectionate. In addition, it is recommended to choose a pet of this breed by gender: males get along better with women, and bitches - with men.
Nurseries in Russia and the CIS
- Constellations of Adomas, Moscow,
- Free Star, Moscow,
- "Nord Line", St. Petersburg,
- Free Jump, Volgograd,
- Castle Thor, Ukraine, Kiev,
- Blow Century, Ukraine, Bila Tserkva,
- Unkvir Blackstar, Ukraine, Odessa
- "Geliet", Belarus, Minsk,
- "Tsnyanskaya Okhota", Belarus, Logoisk district, Tsna village,
- Vale-Vikont, Belarus, Birch.
The main distinguishing feature of the bull terrier is its ovoid (or rat) shape of the head.
Photo: Hasan Karagülmez A bull has a head without a stop (a pronounced transition from the forehead to the muzzle). The slightly lowered muzzle (“down face” or “saigachina”) has a large black nose and dry adjacent lips. The lower jaw is powerful. The forehead is flat. The triangular eyes inherent only to the bull terrier are small, set deep and appear completely black.
The ears are thin, small, erect. They are triangular in shape, set high.
The teeth are white, large (even knowing about the peacefulness of the boule in relation to people, it is difficult to forget his smile).
Photo: Storm A scissor bite, but after growing up (at about 1.5 - 3 years) it can change to a straight line or a snack - a legacy of the ancestors-bulldogs.
Photo: Madlab Bull Terrier A characteristic long head with a classic Roman profile should be proportionate to the body so that the bull terrier does not look “big-headed”.
Bull terrier colors
Initially, bull terriers were created pure white, the breed was called the White English Bull Terrier (some called them “White Cavalier”). However, over time the crossing of only white individuals created certain difficulties: the breed began to degenerate. A rush of fresh blood (Staffordshire Bull Terriers) saved the situation, and the breed began to sparkle with new colors. Colored dogs began to participate in exhibitions and competitions along with white ones. Color colors were officially recognized in 1919.
Tri-color color of the bull terrier. Photo: Madlab Bull Terrier Now bullterrier breed dogs are white and colored: black, red, red, yellow, three-colored. Tiger color is appreciated. Undesirable blue and sand colors, mottling.
Bull-terrier of white-brown color. Photo: Madlab Bull Terrier When the bull terrier is a classic white color, spots are only allowed on the head (and skin pigmentation). In colored dogs, colored coat should prevail (more than 50% of the body). In Europe, they try not to knit colored bull terriers with each other - only with white ones.
Miniature bull terrier
Being a separate breed recognized by FCI, the mini-bull terrier at the same time fully complies with the characteristics of the bull terrier breed, with the exception of height and weight. Its growth is 25-35 cm (but not more than 35.5 cm - 14 inches), weight 11-15 kg.
Miniature bull terrier. Photo: Eric564 According to the standard, the weight is not limited, however, it should correspond to growth and give the impression of harmony and power.
The nature of the bull terrier and its training
From belligerent ancestors, the modern bulls inherited unlimited courage, determination, energy, endurance and devotion.
Never promise me anything -
I won’t believe anyone anyway.
Only in death in war, but in a firebird feather,
Only in the rain that gray pours out of the clouds ...
And of those who drink the same oxygen with me
I believe only my bull terrier ...
The bull terrier was displayed as a fighting dog. Therefore, despite the formidable look and respectful set of teeth, his aggression is directed not at the person, but at his own kind.
Photo: iv4ni They used this breed as rat hunters, who were a real disaster for those times. In this hunt, the bulls had no equal, and mini-bull terriers more often became the absolute champions (the champion Tiny Mayt weighed only 3 pounds - 1.5 kg, the champion Nelson - less than 7 kg). These facts suggest that from childhood, a bull terrier should be trained to coexist peacefully with other animals, restraining its impulses. And the owners should be alert when cats, dogs and other animals appear. Bullterrier instinct and stubbornness can lead to difficult situations. If the dog is not brought up correctly, given the pedigree features, it will become dangerous.
During the formation of the breed, animals with a balanced temperament (sanguine, phlegmatic) were selected. Nervous, hysterical, unbalanced individuals were rejected so that these traits were not fixed at the genetic level.
Photo: FAM. HORNECKER The modern bull terrier is characterized by a stable psyche, it is characterized by the following features:
- advanced intelligence
- propensity to dominate
When handled correctly, the bull terrier is very intelligent and charming, its reliability and strength attract fans of the breed around the world.
Bull Terrier and kids
When creating the breed, breeders worked to suppress aggression towards humans. Because of this, the bull may have security problems - he does not see the enemy in man. Looking at the athletic figure of the bull terrier, it is difficult to believe that this is not a toothy killer, but a smile dog, a lick-dog. This is an affectionate and gentle nanny in the family. With proper upbringing, the bulka will wipe its nose, protect it from falling, comfort and warm the child.
Photo: FAM. HORNECKER This is a very noble beast - it will not offend someone who is weaker. Reviews of people who already have it make it clear that there are no evil bull terriers - this is a false stereotype. There are owners who were not able to choose the breed according to their abilities and did not want to make efforts in raising an animal.
It is better to take a puppy when the family already has children. Boules may become jealous if the baby appears later. There are cases when bull terriers from jealousy picked up and sucked a baby soother, trying to draw attention to themselves
Behavior with other animals
Now the bull terrier is more working than a fighting dog. However, one should remember why the breed was created - to fight, hunt rodents, and win. The bull has a very strong spirit of competition - he will not miss a challenge to him. Therefore, from puppyhood, attention should be paid to the attitude towards other animals - to restrain the impulses to rush without a command, to teach to ignore cats, etc.
Video: the bull terrier is engaged with the trainer, ignoring a lot of cats
It is important to remember that the bull terrier is the owner and jealous, and take this into account when raising. With proper training and education, careful attention to the pet will not cause problems.
Raising a puppy
Raising a bull terrier puppy should begin by barely bringing it home. Toddler bull terriers are malleable, but need a responsible, patient and attentive host. In your requirements, you need to be persistent, to achieve the mandatory implementation of the team, if it is already given. Justice for the puppy will be rewarded with his trust.
Photo: J Bull Terriers cannot be brought up with physical punishment. Puppies will grow very quickly, and relationships based on physical strength can change exactly the opposite.
From early childhood, bull terriers must be well socialized. Then in adulthood there will be no problems with the inappropriate aggression of a powerful dog. A socially adapted dog will not rush thoughtlessly at all living things, scaring others.
Features of Bull Terrier Training
Bull terriers are trained very successfully - this is not a breed whose upbringing and training can be left to chance. However, there are a number of features to be aware of.
When starting training the bull terrier, you should remember that this is a very stubborn dog. The trainer must have experience and certain skills. Initially, classes are held at home, gradually introducing new distractions to the dog used to obeying in any conditions.
Video about what you can teach a bull terrier in just 2 weeks of classes
Often you can hear statements about the low pain threshold in bull terriers. These dogs are not really sensitive to pain during the battle. However, like the rest of the dog. In any case, beating will not bring any benefit.
The bull terrier has a stranglehold. In the heat of the moment, he himself will not be able to open his teeth at once, even if he wants to. The owner should know how to open the dog’s teeth without loss (use a lever stick or crush an ammonia ampoule under the nose), how to separate the mating dogs.
An important difference from other breeds is the tendency to rivalry, to domination. Tug games are not always useful for a bull terrier. He must not see an opponent in man. I believe that the owner is always stronger and always right not to violate.
Place of detention
It is best to keep the English bull terrier next to the owner - in the house or in the apartment. Its place should be located away from heating appliances and drafts.
Photo: Robert Tadlock If the bull terrier lives in a private house, where there is free-range poultry, one of them will have to be closed. It is not suitable for an enclosure or kennel - it is too social, the wool will not protect either from the sun or from frost. As a watchman, the bull terrier is not suitable - he is friendly to people. Therefore, putting it on a chain is impractical and pathetic - the huge potential is being destroyed.
Bull terriers are strong and mobile. In order to direct energy into a peaceful channel, they need movement. It can be long walks, training, sports, active games and other entertainments.
Photo: Hasan Karagülmez Bull will always be the company, will support any game. From lying on the couch, this breed spoils the figure and character, so regular exercise is simply necessary.
Bull Terrier Care
One of the advantages of the bull terrier is its ease of maintenance. It is enough to comb short hair once a week; if necessary, dirt and dust can be easily removed with a damp cloth or napkins. Can be treated with a rubber glove or a piece of suede.
The claws of this active dog basically grind on their own, just inspect and control the uniformity of grinding in the winter.
Photo: Rae It is enough to inspect the teeth once a month. Ears - several times a month, if contaminated, clean with a special lotion to clean the ears. The unique triangular eyes of the bull terrier are regularly wiped with wet swabs, removing the accumulating mucus.
It is believed that dogs of this breed are in good health. They live about 12-15 years (of course, depending on the conditions of detention, feeding, heredity and a number of other factors). Bull terriers have a predisposition to such diseases:
- congenital deafness
- addiction to food allergies
- some types of dysplasia (mitral, elbow joint)
Should you start a bull terrier
A powerful, energetic and adroit animal requires increased attention and responsibility from the owner. The need for his education is obvious. Therefore, before acquiring a bull terrier, you should soberly assess your strengths, knowledge and skills. A dog of this breed should not be acquired under the influence of an impulse.
Which owner is the bull terrier more suitable
A muscular, agile and fearless bull terrier needs a firm but fair hand. It is ideal for an active, energetic, consistent and responsible person. For those who like to travel, play sports, devote their time to training, outdoor games, communication with nature.
Photo: Hasan Karagülmez A physically strong person is desirable, balanced, patient and attentive, able to give the dog the necessary physical activity. A bull terrier is suitable for a family with children, with other animals, but it will be necessary to work out the rules of communication, to identify acceptable boundaries.
Who better to pick a dog of a different breed
The restless and playful bull terrier, who needs frequent physical exertion, is not suitable for pensioners, people with disabilities, unbalanced or aggressive people. He is contraindicated in constant recumbency on the couch, indulgence and lisp. He will not tolerate injustice; he cannot be punished physically.
Photo: Yam Yam The breed of noble athletes, fearless fighters and loving nannies - the bull terrier finds admirers of its talents around the world. The undeserved bad reputation of the breed can mislead only ignorant people. It is necessary to educate and train all dogs, and especially bull terriers. Original bull terriers delight, protect and care. With these dogs it’s nice to lie on the couch, go camping, and drive a car - they are always welcome.
Briefly about the main thing
- Bull Terriers are a young breed,
- Aggressive to animals, but not to humans,
- Simple to maintain, but only in a residential environment,
- Susceptible to a number of diseases,
- Puppies cost from 35 to 90 thousand rubles,
- Great companions and guards, but need a steady hand.
Bull Terrier with children
If you have children, and you want to have a bull terrier, then you should remember that in your house there will be not just an animal, but another child. Such a dog should be given a lot of time and effort, so weigh the pros and cons carefully. The relationship of the bull terrier and the child will be what you build them yourself. Accustom your dog to the fact that the child in your "pack" does not take the last place, the last place should be the dog. But to show this place you need not kicks and screams, but competently. To do this, you will need to contact specialists.
Absolutely, you also need to teach your child how to communicate with animals.
Prohibit your children from tugging, pinching or otherwise offending the animal, causing pain to it.
General breed standards
Look at the photo of the bull terrier. He must have a muscular and strong physique, because it is not in vain that they say that he is a gladiator. Bull terrier, must be agile, courageous and decisive, ready, obey his master. Such a dog should have a balanced character, regardless of their size.
When walking, the animal should move smoothly and gracefully, to produce the appearance of an aristocrat. The head of such dogs should have the shape of an egg, powerful and large, while not having a rough look. The eyes are narrow and deep set, dark in color, the darker the better. The ears are small and thin, upright. The neck in such dogs is very strong and muscular. The coat should be short and smooth. The color of the bull terrier can be different, there are black dogs, or colored. For white dogs, only skin pigmentation and markings on the head are allowed.
Fighting dog content
The maintenance of the bull terrier, and its maintenance is not very troublesome, but responsible robot, which, ideally, should be a pleasure. English bull terrier does not require much space for life. Such a dog should live in the house, next to the family in the house or apartment. Allocate to your pet the place where he will sleep. It can be a special purchase kennel, or a hand-made, original rookery. The main thing is that the dog should be comfortable in its place.
Also, it is very important that from the first days of living in your house, you will teach a puppy of a bull terrier to meet and communicate with other dogs, cats, birds. If you learn to firmly and competently stop all aggressive attacks of your pet in the direction of other animals, then after growing up the dog, there will be no problems with walking.
The bull terrier must have enough toys and bones for the dog to nibble and play in your absence, then it will not feel lonely, and will make you less “surprises”, which are simply impossible in the process of growing up any dog to avoid.
The main thing in the content of the bull terrier is only four points.
- Regular and complete feeding of the animal with high-quality feed. For the diet of the dog, you can use ready-made food, or cook your pet yourself. The most important thing is that the food should be of high quality, contain many useful substances, vitamins, fiber, trace elements. Be sure to feed the dog meat and vegetables.
- Warm and clean place where the dog will rest after walking, and sleep at night.
- Physical activity. In addition to food and a place to relax, the bull terrier really needs physical activity. Therefore, if you are a lounger, do not start such a dog.
- Perhaps the final and most important point will be love and respect. Respect and love your pet, and he will answer you with devotion and obedience. It will become a faithful and reliable companion for you and the best companion of children in games. Not a single catch-up in the yard will not take place without a bull terrier. He will play and play with the kids.
Today, on many sites, there are a large number of videos with the participation of the bull terrier that demonstrate its behavior and appearance. Having looked at a lot of photos and videos with bull terriers, it is impossible to remain indifferent to this breed of dogs.
Many videos demonstrate aggression and inappropriate behavior of fighting dogs, but people provoke dogs to such behavior. It so happened in our country that many, sorry for the expression, are not adequate people, have fighting dogs for some sort of self-affirmation, then they feel more significant, they set dogs on other animals and people. In such hands, fighting dogs become victims.
Dogs who become victims of such treatment should be psychologically rehabilitated and taken forever from such "owners". In Europe and the States, this is a common practice. Every day there are opened many centers of rehabilitation and overexposure of fighting dogs that have become victims of abuse, abuse, or become aggressive after abuse.
It is worth noting that the rehabilitation of such dogs has been very successful, and it is possible to teach aggressive dogs to obey and obey. Even the most aggressive animals became excellent companions, for new owners, and attacks of aggression were not observed.
Bull Terrier, a dog is not easy to raise, but not a terrible monster, which he is represented by a lot of media. Having also visited many forums and read reviews about bull terriers, one gets the impression that many leaving comments have never seen a bull terrier in their eyes, while leaving terrible comments that have nothing to do with reality.
But if you decide to buy a bull terrier, remember, you need to build a relationship with such a dog with respect, without aggression and violence, love your pet, he will reciprocate. Remember, the character of the dog, you form: your influence on it.