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Bombay cat (bombay)

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Bombay cat can rightfully be called a miniature panther. Her coat is inexpressibly shiny, soft and very silky, deep black. About her today and will be discussed in the article.

Most important unusual Bombay cat breed it is believed that all parts of the body are painted black, this applies not only to the hairline, but even to the paw pads. Of course there are standards Bombay black cat. Her body is small, slightly elongated.

A graceful tail, like a real panther, seems long in relation to the body. A small head of regular round shape. In some kittens, the muzzle is crowned with a flat nose, however, in others, the nose is elongated, both cases are suitable for the standard. The ears are rounded at the ends. The eyes are large, regular in shape, extremely expressive, deep bronze in color.

Pictured is the standard breed of a Bombay cat

Reviews owners about bombay cats always filled with the joy of living with such a pet. Representatives of a small breed with a meek character. Bombay cat very quickly gets used to the owner and is ready to follow him everywhere. The sad fact about Bombay cat kittens is that they often have birth defects in the development of the skull, which are found in the womb.

Therefore, babies are euthanized. However, healthy kittens quickly reach the physical form of an adult animal, although until the end they form only by two years. A female can be visually distinguished from a male by a smaller size, her weight in adulthood is usually about 4 kilograms, while a cat weighs 5.

Breed features

This decorative look of cats was bred in order to please people, as a result, this goal was achieved. The Bombay cat is very tender, the choice of pastime for her is any activity near the owner - whether it be a game or just staying close to it. It is generally accepted that no matter how large the family in which such a cat lives, he will find a common language with everyone in this family, but he recognizes only one as the owner.

Bombay cats do not tolerate loneliness and require attention when they are not shown to them, they choose warm places for sleep and have a good appetite. The cat negatively treats too intrusive people, regardless of their age. If she feels that something is amiss, she will not scratch, bite, or harm a person in any other way, but she will keep her distance.

Nutrition and Care for the Bombay Cat

As with the care of any woolen pet, the owner of the black beauty must periodically pay attention to his coat. The fur does not need excessive care, but during molting it is advised to put the brush as often as possible so that there are no black hairs on furniture and clothes. It is better to comb a smooth coat with a rubber brush.

In the photo, kittens of a Bombay cat

Of course, for the beauty of a pet, you need to periodically wash it with a special shampoo. Bathing for a cat is a continuous meal (with rare exceptions), so it’s worth accompanying this process with affection and treats. Cats carefully monitor the cleanliness of their fur, so they need to be forced to bathe only if necessary or when parasites appear.

Bombay cats are incredibly gluttonous, especially during growth. The nutrition of such an animal must be monitored extremely responsibly. In some cases, excessive gluttony does not harm cats, they do not get fat, that is, there is nothing to worry about.

But sometimes constant overeating can have a dangerous turn to health. The consequence may be obesity and, on its basis, problems with the health of the cat. Needless to say, an excessively fat pet becomes inactive, plays less, moves less. Of course, an animal whose well-being leaves much to be desired cannot fully give its love to man.

You can feed a Bombay cat porridge and self-cooked food, as well as purchased mixtures and dry food (which is preferable for thoroughbreds). Do not give food intended for a person to avoid a large amount of salt, pepper and other seasonings eaten by her.

You should know the measure in dairy products, from which there may be indigestion. Cats can eat meat products and offal, but you should always carefully monitor the pet’s reaction to a particular food in order to notice individual intolerance in time, of course, if there is one.

It is necessary to take care of the eyes and ears of the bombing cat. Outwardly, the ears may remain clean, but if the cat periodically shakes its head and scratches them, you need to look at the auricles for ticks and other parasites and once again clean them with a special lotion or ointment. Eyes need regular medication prescribed by the veterinarian or regular tea. Often, bombing cats have problems with the respiratory system that are not life threatening.

Bombay cat price

Bombay cat in the photo looks extremely impressive, but in life - this beauty attracts even more attention. It would seem that this is just an ordinary cat, but in the miniature panther noble blood is immediately visible, its movements are leisurely and graceful.

Bombay cat price may fluctuate within 60,000 rubles. This unusual pet should be bought only at specialized pet stores or in nurseries. When deciding to buy a Bombay cat, you must first study all the offers in order to immediately find out the most reliable breeder.

Bombay cats, like any other artificial breeds, have the risk of possible genetic diseases, so too small a price for a kitten is not acceptable for the buyer. So usually sick or outbred kittens are usually sold if they look like purebred ones.

Of course, there is nothing wrong with mongrel cats, however, buying them for several tens of thousands of rubles from scammers is not the most pleasant thing. To avoid acquiring a non-purebred or sick kitten, it is necessary to check all the documents of the breeder, the pedigree of the animal and its veterinary passport.

Bombay cat

Grace and mind. These are the characteristics of a bombing cat. In her smooth movements, the plastic of the panther is always manifested, in the look - wisdom. The breed appeared in the fifties of the 20th century in America. She was the result of crossing American Shorthair and Burmese cats. Learn more about these fascinating creatures.

Breed characteristics

Despite the name, these cats have nothing to do with the city of Bombay, the country of India. Their homeland is America, where the breed was bred in order to create a miniature copy of the panther. The result was a black kitty with satin hair. Its main advantage is precisely in the dense, dense brilliant color of the coat.

Today the breed of Bombay cats is booming, but already very popular in the world. In Russia, bombs appeared in the early nineties of the last century. By the way, some breeders say that the fashion for the representatives of the breed is due to the fact that they look very aesthetically pleasing against the background of the attributes of Scandinavian minimalism in the house.

Bombay cats can adapt the character to the psychological characteristics of the owner. The cat closely monitors all households, knowing who and when comes from work and how to meet someone at the doorstep of the house.

These cats are very playful and at the same time easily learn to open the doors of rooms, refrigerators, learn to turn on the computer or TV. The latter, by the way, can be watched for hours. Representatives of the breed are experiencing heavy loneliness. They are talkative and know how to change the intonation of their voice, making sounds of a mournful rumbling and menacing growl. Animals are fond of people, this is an ideal example of an affectionate friend. They love it when the owner holds them in his arms and strokes, clearly distinguish him in the family from other members.

Bombay cats are mobile, but balanced. With other animals try to take a leadership position. With children in the house, the bombers are playful, affectionate, and they will endure the pain that they can cause by negligence. Guests at home, these cats are always welcome. But they subtly feel those people who don’t like cats.

Bombay cats are classic homebodies. They do not need walks, so they feel great in the house. Of course, you can take them outside, but you must do this carefully so that the cat does not get stress. He can panic, escape to a tree. Powerful claws allow you to cope with tree bark.

The lack of need for walks does not mean that the cat does not need physical activity. Satin pets are good jumpers, so you should provide them with hanging toys, let them do fitness in the house.

The wool of the bombers does not need special care. He is minimal. Buy a rubber mitten for combing representatives of this breed and carry out the procedure twice a week. This will be enough. If your cat or cat is not very resistant to water, then from time to time they can be washed with a special cat shampoo. Do this once every 30 days. The peculiarity of these animals is that they have excessively watery eyes. Allocations must be removed with a cotton swab dipped in strong black tea. It is also necessary to systematically examine the teeth and ears of the pet. Ears should be wiped with a cotton swab from the inside. Bombay teeth should be brushed with special cat toothpaste.

The presence of a claw point does not mean that the bombers do not need to cut their claws. This must be done twice a month, cutting 1-2 mm. You can do manicure yourself or trust this manipulation to professionals if you yourself do not decide to carry out the procedure at home.

Feeding

The representatives of this breed have a great appetite, and if the owner does not introduce a clear diet, then the pet can eat for days. It is the cats of the Bombay breed that are more likely than others to be overweight and gain weight. Bombay, despite being full, can be tricky beggars. They can pity like stray dogs. But do not fall for these tricks. Never feed them with your hands. Do not give the Bombay cat food from its own table.

It is customary to feed adult cats twice a day, in the evening and in the morning, at the same time. Only breeders recommend using dry premium food. Combined food is not for bombers. Only occasionally can they be pampered with steamed meat.

Origin

The origin of the Bombay cat breed history dates back to midof the pastcenturiesto 50 yearswhen black cats were crossed in Kentucky, USA Burmesebreeds with representatives of the breed americanshorthair. Breeders wanted to get a new breed of not just black cats, but rather anthracite, which would resemble their grace and grace black panther.

As always with the “release” of a new breed, the creators had to clearly visualize the image and biological characteristics of the cat, which they wanted to get in the end. Through many years of crosses (4 generations - almost 20 years!), selection of suitable individuals and rejection of inappropriate parameters, it was finally possible to implement the plan.

The result was beautiful, graceful creations of pure black color with body proportions that really resemble small proud predators. The breed of bombs is quite young, and to this day work continues to improve it.

Timeline for the creation of the Bombay cat breed:

  • 1958 g. - first crosses,
  • 1976 g. - recognition of the breed by the American branch of the international organization for the breeding and breeding of new cat breeds CFA(Cat Fanciers ’Association),
  • 1979 g. - recognition of the breed in the International Cat Association Tica(The International Cat Association).

Currently known 2 breed modifications:

  • britishBombay (a descendant of domestic cats with Burmese characteristics)
  • and americanBombay (a descendant of the American Shorthair and Burman).

In cats british bombing breeds, according to accepted standards, eyes of both green and golden colors are allowed, while representatives american bombers green eye color is a breed defect: true Americans can only have an amber eye color.

Host relationship

As a rule, the black cat bomb itself chooses the owner, to which it is attached very strongly. It is his animal that will obey, his desire to respect. For example, the cat Lava - the hero of the film from the cycle "101 cats" - took the nomadic life of his master trucker and even seems to have learned to enjoy it.

However, in a large family there will be no problems with a pet bomb. These beauties are very fond of affection: they like to be on their knees or hands, and they frankly make it clear.

Relation to other animals

Bombay cats have earned fame as good companions for dogs. But with yourself similar relationships can be difficult: mini-panthers will claim to be the leader in the pride. However, if the bomb was the first pet in the house, then any other animal will have to come to terms with the role of the “second violin”.

Disease

Some lines of Bombay cats have similar diseases with Burmese cats and American Shorthair cats, as they have common roots and a similar body and head structure.

Health problems include: malformations of the skull, excessive tearing of the eyes, breathing problems due to the structure of the nose and gum disease. In addition, Bombay cats inherited a serious heart condition from American Shorthair cats called hypertrophic cardiomyopathy.

Keeping and caring for a Bombay cat

The representatives of the breed have a good appetite, if you do not control meals and provide free access to food, then the cats will overeat, which will lead to obesity. Even kittens eat a lot compared to kittens of other breeds. It is enough to feed adults twice a day, and always at the same time, usually in the morning and in the evening. High quality food will maintain the health and perfect condition of the coat.

During the winter months, it is recommended to introduce vegetable oils, fish oil, which has a beneficial effect on the quality of the coat, will avoid the appearance of dandruff and dry skin. Shedding of breed representatives is not pronounced; care for animal hair is minimal. Bombies independently cope with hair care, regularly licking themselves, but a couple of times a week will not be amiss to remove dead hairs with a rubber mitten. Ten minutes a day of such care is enough to leave the coat soft and shiny. Bathing cats is recommended no more than 1 time per month.

It is recommended to bathe exhibition animals 3-4 days before the exhibition, so that natural fatty grease is restored and the coat acquires a shine and texture. You can bathe a Bombay cat using a special shampoo. At the end of swimming, it is important to thoroughly wipe the animal with a towel, removing excess moisture. If bathing is carried out in winter, then after the procedure the pet should be in a warm room until the coat completely dries out, which will avoid overcooling.

Regularly take care of the ears of the animal. To clean the ears, you can use a cotton swab, which gently removes dirt without penetrating deep into the ear. From time to time, you need to brush your pet’s teeth using a toothbrush and special toothpaste, which helps keep your teeth healthy.Toothbrushing prevents plaque and stone formation.

Claw trimming should be a weekly procedure. It’s better to start accustoming your pet to this procedure from an early age. Bombay cats reach puberty relatively quickly, therefore, without planning to obtain offspring, animals should be sterilized or neutered in a timely manner, at the age of 6-9 months. Unsterilized and non-castrated pets develop a habit of marking territory. Timely surgery will eliminate behavioral problems of this nature.

Training

There is an opinion that training a cat of any breed is a thankless task. Indeed, the freedom-lovingness of these animals and their independent character are not amenable to any correction. However, these mysterious creatures subtly understand the mood of the owner, to which they are usually located. It is proved that they can remember the meaning of frequently repeated words. Therefore, friendships with a pet are the foundation for training some teams. The cat himself will choose interesting tricks for himself and will willingly train in skill under the supervision of his beloved master.

Bombay Cat Point and Mating

The first estrus in representatives of this breed occurs at the age of 5 to 7 months. If you do not expect the mating of an animal, it is better to have a sterilization operation. Unsatisfied instinct of procreation will negatively affect the health of the pet, and subsequently can lead to serious diseases.

If the cat is supposed to be knitted, then you need to take care of choosing a male in advance. The Bombay breed is one of the longest maturing - despite the rather early start of hunting, the full formation of the body ends in 2 years. Mating should be carried out on the territory of the male. Breeding Bombay cats is a difficult matter, because there can be only one black kitten in the litter, and the rest that inherit the “Burmese” gene will be sepia. It is impossible to accurately determine the number of “right” and “wrong” kittens, one can only predict with some degree of probability.

Pregnancy lasts an average of 56-67 days. At this time, the number of feedings should be increased to 4 per day. After 50 days of pregnancy, you should diversify your cat's diet. Avoid oily, spicy foods.

Pregnancy and kittens of a bombay cat

Kittens are born with blue eyes, which eventually change color to gray, and then take the final golden or orange hue. If the kitten is completely tiny and weighs no more than 75 grams, he may need additional feeding assistance. For these purposes, it is convenient to use a pipette. Do not raise or pick up kittens under the age of one week so as not to injure themselves.

Some kittens with black hair show small brown spots. This is a normal phenomenon and is not considered a marriage of the breed - spots will eventually change to blue-black hair.

Professional breeders in kennels give kittens to a new house only after 2-3 months, so that the baby gets comfortable, learns how to use a claw brush and accustomed to the tray.

Purchase

This is a rather rare cat breed and in the territory of the CIS countries there are not so many cattery breeding Bombay cats. If you plan to purchase your feline friend from a reseller, at a pet store, or in a bird market, be aware that this is best not to do.

Unscrupulous breeders and unhealthy kittens are quite difficult to distinguish at first glance. There is no 100% guaranteed way to make sure that you will never buy a sick kitten, so thoroughly study this breed (to know what to expect), check the conditions of detention and ask the right questions. This will reduce the chances of getting into a catastrophic situation. And do not forget to consult a veterinarian who can advise a reliable breeder.

A respected breeder will adhere to a code of ethics that prohibits the sale of kittens to pet stores and wholesalers. Choose a breeder who examined animal health, because it is necessary to identify genetic diseases. Kittens kept completely isolated from humans and other cats can grow up fearful and timid, and it will be more difficult for them to communicate with their new family and adapt to other conditions.

Put at least as much effort into learning your kitten as choosing a new car or expensive equipment. This will save you money in the long run. Depending on which kitten you are looking for, you may have to wait six months or more for the correct kitten to be available. Many breeders will not sell babies until they turn 12 to 16 weeks old.

Before you buy a kitten, think about it, maybe an adult bomb will be the best choice for your lifestyle. Kittens are very funny, but they also create many difficulties until they reach a calmer age. When buying an adult cat, you will get more information about the personality and health of the pet, compared to a small kitten. It doesn't matter if you have a kitten or an adult cat, show it to the vet right away. He will be able to identify problems and tell you preventive measures by taking which, you can reduce the likelihood of many problems with the health of the pet.

The cost of a Bombay kitten begins from $ 500 for home maintenance and without breeding rights. If you plan to take a bomb for breeding and exhibitions, its cost may exceed 1000$.

Exterior

The Bombay cat is a real mini panther. She is equally elegant and has the same predatory plastic.

The head of this cat is round and medium in size. The muzzle is wide, well developed, the transition from nose to forehead is barely noticeable. The ears are medium in size, located high and far apart. They have rounded ends, slightly tilted forward and look a little wary. The eyes are large, round, located far enough from each other. The look is expressive. The eye color is copper with an orange tint (or amber-honey), but this shade is very difficult to achieve, so the standard allows a golden eye color.

The body of a Bombay cat is of medium size and medium length, with well-developed muscles.

The chest protrudes slightly forward, the back is straight. The body looks proportionate. Feet of medium length, slender, muscular, rounded. There are 5 fingers on the front legs and 4 on the hind legs. The tail is of medium length, proportional to the trunk, straight, strong. The hair of the bombers is short, dense, shiny, fits snugly to the body, and is pleasant to the touch. Color is allowed only black, although at birth, kittens may have spots of a different color, which will disappear with age. Finger pads, nose, and mustache should also be black.

History

Bombay is a young breed, and, despite its name, it has only an indirect relation to India. Her story began in the 50s of the last century in the United States.

American Nicky Horner from Kentucky decided to breed a cat breed similar to the pumas that live in the forests of Bombay. To do this, she crossed Burmese cats with American Shorthair. The first crosses were carried out in 1958. It took almost 20 years to get the desired result. All this time, felinologists patiently crossed cats, selected kittens from each litter that corresponded to their requirements and rejected “not working” kittens.

Leading felinological organizations for a long time refused to recognize the new breed and, tired of the endless struggle, Nicky Horner ceased to deal with this breed. Herb was continued by Herb and Suzanne Zwecker. In one of their cats' litters, a cat appeared, Luv It Black, which fully complied with all the declared parameters and was recognized by the felinolags. In 1985, this cat was even named the best, according to CFA (Cat Fanciers ’Association).

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