Choosing a dog to keep in the apartment, many people prefer small animals with smooth hair that does not require special care, such as the Manchester Terrier. However, having opted for the English Terrier, future owners forget to clarify what the character of the pet is like, how it should be looked after. What are the tetrapods of this breed?
When and how did you get the Manchester Terrier?
To obtain animals with the desired characteristics, several dog breeds were crossed:
- black and tan terriers,
- white old english terriers
- West Highland White Terriers.
The first crossing of different animals to breed a new breed was undertaken by John Hume from Manchester. They cultivated graceful Pied Piper in various parts of England. However, the most common animals were in Manchester, so they have such a name.
The Manchester Terrier acquired a modern look around the end of the 19th century. At this time, dogs began to be shown at exhibitions and taken to other countries. However, after the emergence of chemical methods of eliminating rodents, the popularity of the breed significantly decreased. During the Second World War, dogs were forgotten.
However, in the UK there were a few nurseries involved in the breeding of English terriers. At present, it is difficult to find a purebred Manchester terrier in Russia. However, it can be brought from another country.
The Manchester Terrier, from which the Toy Manchester Terrier was derived, was developed in the 19th century from crosses between the old black and tan terrier from Whippay, along with other breeds, primarily for rat-catching.In England, another breed was also developed in the 19th century in Manchester, the English Toy Terrier, as a separate breed from the Manchester Terrier. The English Tot Terrier was a popular pet in Victorian England, and was bred to be very small, some weighing just 1 kg (2.2 lbs).
The toy Manchester Terrier breed was developed by breeding down Manchester Terrier in size. In the United States in the 1920s, the breed was called the Black and Tan Terrier toy. The name was changed to Manchester Terrier toys and the American toy Manchester Terrier Club was formed in 1930. The American Toy Manchester Terrier was recognized by the American Kennel Club in 1938, but in the 1950s the breed declined and the breed club ceased to exist. Due to the reduction in breed numbers, the Manchester Terrier toy breed was redefined as the division of the Manchester Terrier in 1958 by the American Kennel Club, and the club name (including two breeds as varieties) was changed to the American Manchester Terrier in 1958.
In England, the English Toy Terrier is very similar. Black & Tan has also declined to the point where it is listed as a threatened dog breeding club. In order to save the breed, the club nursery opened a studbook to allow some individual examples of the North American toy Manchester Terrier to be registered and bred as an English Toy Terrier (black & Tan). However, the two breeds are not considered identical, and the standards for the two breeds show different requirements.
Toy Manchester Terrier in North America is a small, long dog legs with a short coat, marked with a tan, a long tail and ears that are upright. In color and overall conformation, the Manchester Terrier toy meets the standard for the Manchester Terrier. However, the Manchester Terrier toy cannot exceed 12 pounds (5.4 kg) in weight, and, unlike the larger Manchester Terrier, for Manchester Terrier toys, cropped ears are disqualified. The ears should be wide at the base and pointed at the tip. Razvalovsovka “bell” ears are a serious malfunction, and this means that it is undesirable to breed dogs with such ears, this does not mean that the dog has any drawbacks, like a companion.
The English Toy Terrier (Black and Tan) is considered the same breed as the toy Manchester Terrier. Unlike Manchester toys, although the terrier, the desired size for the English Toy Terrier (black and Tan) is slightly smaller, and wider ears are also preferred.
The German Miniature Pinscher is another toy dog, some think it resembles the toy Manchester Terrier, but they are actually very different and have very different roots.
Russian Russian Toy is another similar dog, developed in Russia with the start of import of the English Temrier. They can be of different colors, and not just black and tan, which indicates a possible background in other breeds as well.
Description of the English breed
For a long time, modern representatives of Manchester Terriers were divided into 2 separate breeds: toy terriers and Manchester. However, in the middle of the 20th century, on the basis of common external data and behavioral patterns, these dogs were combined into one species. Thus, it was recognized that the Manchester Terrier is of 2 varieties, which differ slightly in the size and shape of the ears.
Toy: 10-12 inches (25-30 cm)
Standard: 15-16 inches (39-40 cm)
Toy: 6-8 pounds (2.5-3.5 kg)
Standard: 17-18 pounds (7.7-8 kg)
Average $ 600 - $ 1,000 USD
The Manchester Terrier is a good dog for apartment living. They are very active indoors and will do okay without a yard. Manchester Terriers prefer warm climates.
Not Good with Kids: In isolation, this dog breed might not be the best option for kids. However, to mitigate the risks, have the puppy grow up with kids and provide it with plenty of pleasant and relaxed experiences with them. This breed is also friendly toward other pets and friendly toward strangers.
The Manchester Terrier demands plenty of exercise. In addition to the normal daily walks, let it run and play off the leash regularly. These dogs can run very fast and keep the speed up for a long time. This dog greatly enjoys exercising by running alongside a bicycle, provided the amount of exercise is built up gradually. Do not allow this breed off the leash except in a secure area unless it has been trained, as he likes to chase.
Low Maintenance: Grooming is only necessary once in a while to maintain upkeep.
Minimal Shedding: This dog will shed a negligible amount. Recommended for owners who do not want to deal with dog hair in their cars and homes.
Moderately Easy Training: The Manchester Terrier learns quite quickly. It does well in obedience trials.
The Manchester terrier is perhaps the sleekest and raciest of all terriers, with a smooth, compact, muscular body, slightly longer than tall and a slightly arched topline. The combination of power and agility enables the breed to course and kill small game and vermin. Its gait is free and effortless, not hackney. Its expression is keen and alert, and its coat is smooth and glossy.
The Manchester terrier has been described as "catlike," being impeccably clean, independent, reserved with strangers, yet sensitive. It is more responsive than many terriers and is generally a well-mannered house dog. It is devoted to its family, and enjoys napping at its special person's side. Otherwise, it is busy, ever nosing around for adventure or a game. Some tend to dig.
The Manchester Terrier is a direct descendent of the early English Black and Tan Terrier, which was highly prized for its working ability as a "ratting" dog in the industrial areas of the North of England. These early dogs were more rugged than the breed is today, but the Manchester still maintains the physical structure of a working terrier. When first officially classified, all smooth-coated, black and tan terriers (including the smaller, Toy, variety) were called Old English Terriers. The present breed type was said to be influenced by the possible introduction of Whippet blood for refinement, plus the Bull Terrier and White English Terrier. Samuel Handley of Manchester, England, is credited with stabilizing the breed. As a result of his efforts the breed became known as the Manchester.You may also like
Miniature pinscher purebred
12-15 yrs Life span
Manchester terrier - a black smooth-haired dog, bred specifically for hunting rats. The friendly nature and compact dimensions make the dog an almost perfect pet. To the population are often referred toy terriers, differing from traditional Manchester only in miniature size. However, according to the classification of the FCI International Cynological Federation, these are two different breeds.
Manchester Terrier breed history
The creator of classic Manchester terriers is considered a certain Englishman John Hulm. At the beginning of the century before last, he came up with the idea of crossing lines:
black and tan terrier (now extinct),
As a result, an effective rat-catcher was obtained, possessing outstanding fighting qualities. The breed's popularity grew very quickly, including overseas. In 1886, the Manchester Terrier breed was registered by the American Kennel Club. After another 37 years, terrier fans in the United States organized an official club. The first miniature toy appeared in the mid-thirties.
The world wars inflicted serious blows on the European population - the first and second. By the end of 1945, dog handlers counted only 11 individuals in the UK. Thanks to the efforts of enthusiasts, the breed has survived and continues to actively develop. According to statistics for 2010-2016, a little more than one and a half hundred puppies are born every year.
Character, behavior, training
Manchester Terrier is a very energetic dog with a temperament above average. She is always ready for games and walks. If the dog frolics enough on the street, he will behave calmly and quietly at home. This breed is characterized by deep devotion to the owner and other family members. To other domestic animals, with the exception of small rodents, these terriers are treated without unnecessary aggression.
"Mankunians" differ in sociability. The dog is an ideal companion on the hunt or on the hike. Her cheerfulness and restlessness positively affect the mood of the participants in the event. Stamina is also at the highest level. It should be noted that the Manchester Terrier requires constant attention. If you ignore him for a long time, he can become irritable and angry. Incredible devotion to one owner virtually eliminates the possibility of transferring to another family.
The Manchester Terrier is a smart animal with a good memory, so it is easy to train. By their nature, they are hunters with instant reaction and speed. Due to these qualities, breed representatives are regular participants in the competitions in flyball (dog relay) and agility (obstacle course). If you want to make a champion out of your pet, start training from early childhood. Manchester Terrier will receive maximum pleasure, and you can visit the role of a sports coach. By the way, solid money prizes are often raffled off at such contests.
Terrier appearance, photo
Animals look elegant thanks to their graceful figure and straight back. The weight of an adult dog varies from 5 to 10 kg, depending on gender and variety. The height of the dog is 37–42 cm. Description of the breed according to the standard:
- The body is muscular, with a narrow chest and protruding ribs.
- A wedge-shaped head, rather dry. The muzzle is elongated, but the nose is not sharp. It ends with a wide dark lobe.
- Scissor bite, straight.
- Ears are triangular, set high. Some representatives are standing, as shown in the photo, while others are hanging, forming a bud. In some camps hanging ears stop.
- The limbs are straight, long. They are graceful, but muscular.
- The tail is thin, pointed, of medium length. In a calm state, it hangs or slightly curls up.
- The eyes are almond-shaped, convex, but set shallow.
The black and tan terrier from England is controversial. He is very cheerful, loves outdoor games, is balanced. However, dogs for life are attached to one owner. They are friends with the rest of the household, but the degree of respect and obedience to them depends on how the main member of the family treats their relatives.
To strangers, pets do not show open aggression. When meeting with a stranger, the dog will behave calmly, however, in case of danger to the owner, it can attack without warning. Dogs love children. They are happy to participate in mobile children's entertainment, but do not tolerate it when they are squeezed heavily.
Animals of a larger or equal size with them are well received by pets. They can live in the same area with the cat, if he does not cause the dog anxiety. However, small animals are seen by Manchester dogs as prey, therefore it is undesirable to keep hamsters and chinchillas together with hunting dogs. Dogs are stubborn. Obey only the master who proves his superiority.
Dogs are distinguished by endurance. They are ready for a long time to walk with the owner or follow him while cycling. However, English terriers are sensitive to cold and heat. In the cold, they freeze, and in hot weather they become sluggish and inactive. In this regard, the content in the aviary does not suit them.
The dog must live in the house. During winter walks, a special jumpsuit should be worn on the pet. It is advisable that he has a hood covering his ears. In the summer, pets should be walked only in the morning before the onset of extreme heat and after sunset.
Manchester Terriers need active walks. However, if the owner does not have the opportunity to walk with the pet twice a day for an hour, you can walk the dog quickly in the morning, and in the evening provide him with an active walk for 1.5–2 hours.
The dog’s house should have its own place. The animal needs to purchase a special couch or lay an old bedspread on the floor. The pet prefers to sleep in the same room with the owner.
Care and feeding rules
Animal hair does not require special care. The dog rarely molts; during molting it does not lose a lot of hair. To maintain gloss, it is necessary to wipe the coat of the animal with a damp, natural cloth daily after a walk. Combing the dog is necessary every 3 days.
Bathing your pet should be no more than 2 times a year. After walking in rainy weather, the dog’s paws and stomach are wiped with a wet rag. The ears and eyes of the dog require special attention. Every day they must be checked for contamination. If plaque is detected, the ears should be wiped with a wet swab. The eyes are cleaned every 2 days with the help of decoctions of herbs.
Pet's teeth must be cleaned once a week with a special paste. During cleaning, a soft bristle brush is used. If blood appears during the procedure, contact your veterinarian.
The following foods should be used to feed your pet:
- Lean meat. Dogs benefit from chicken, rabbit, turkey, veal.
- Offal. Before serving, they should be boiled. Dog fit: lungs, heart, liver.
- Buckwheat, oatmeal, rice porridge. It can be given daily, observing the proportions: 1 part cereal and 2 parts meat.
- Vegetables. Dogs are useful carrots. Occasionally, potatoes, cabbage and celery are allowed.
- Sour-milk products (cottage cheese, kefir, natural unsweetened yogurt).
- Sea fish.
It is forbidden to give pork, tubular bones, salty and spicy dishes, pasta, pastries, sweets to the pet. Meals must be strictly limited. Dogs will eat everything that the owner gives. However, overeating leads to overweight.
Health: disease, reproduction, life expectancy
The average lifespan of the Manchester Terrier is 12–13 years. However, dogs are prone to various diseases:
- Age-related cataracts of the eyes.
- Diseases of the hematopoietic system. Pathologies are manifested in the presence of a hereditary predisposition. Most often, dogs show problems that cause thickening or poor blood clotting.
- Epilepsy It is detected in puppies older than 6 months. With proper care, a sick pet survives to a very old age.
- Injuries to the joints and spine. Diseases arise from excessive activity or improper load of the dog. To prevent complications allow proper nutrition and moderate physical activity.
The first estrus in bitches of the Manchester Terrier begins from 6 months to 1 year. Females are ready for fertilization after the second estrus. Dogs can impregnate a bitch after 15 months. Dogs are pregnant for about 60 days. In the third week of pregnancy, the bitch's nipples swell, she becomes calmer, eats more.
Delivery at Manchester Terriers is easy. Females are able to cope with the birth process themselves. However, in the presence of alarming signs (weak breathing, improper position of puppies, heavy spotting), you should call a veterinarian.
Parenting and training a pet
Dogs possess natural intelligence, therefore they remember the teams well and perceive the educational process. The dog should be accustomed to order from the first days of appearing in the house. The puppy needs to be accustomed to the nickname, its own place for sleeping and eating.
In the process of training, dogs are stubborn.You can correct your pet’s behavior with hard, but not cruel, treatment. The animal perceives a strict tone, but does not accept physical punishment. A puppy can be trained well if the lessons are conducted by a person who has earned his respect.
Dogs quickly memorize teams during training in a group of their own kind. However, only an experienced specialist is able to train pets in a group. If the owner does not have the opportunity to send your pet to a professional to train, you can train him yourself. However, the lessons need to be consistent and persistent. When the animal shows a clear reluctance to learn, it is necessary to postpone training for several hours or until the next day.
Contrary to popular belief, small size doesn't necessarily an apartment dog make - plenty of small dogs are too high-energy and yappy for life in a high-rise. Being quiet, low energy, fairly calm indoors, and polite with the other residents, are all good qualities in an apartment dog.
Some dogs are simply easier than others: they take to training better and are fairly easygoing. They're also resilient enough to bounce back from your mistakes or inconsistencies. Dogs who are highly sensitive, independent thinking, or assertive may be harder for a first-time owner to manage. You'll get your best match if you take your dog-owning experience into account as you choose your new pooch.
Some dogs will let a stern reprimand roll off their backs, while others take even a dirty look to heart. Low-sensitivity dogs, also called "easygoing," "tolerant," "resilient," and even "thick-skinned," can better handle a noisy, chaotic household, a louder or more assertive owner, and an inconsistent or variable routine. Do you have young kids, throw lots of dinner parties, play in a garage band, or lead a hectic life? Go with a low-sensitivity dog.
Some breeds bond very closely with their family and are more prone to worry or even panic when left alone by their owner. An anxious dog can be very destructive, barking, whining, chewing, and otherwise causing mayhem. These breeds do best when a family member is home during the day or if you can take the dog to work.
Breeds with very short coats and little or no undercoat or body fat, such as Greyhounds, are vulnerable to the cold. Dogs with a low cold tolerance need to live inside in cool climates and should have a jacket or sweater for chilly walks.
Dogs with thick, double coats are more vulnerable to overheating. So are breeds with short noses, like Bulldogs or Pugs, since they can't pant as well to cool themselves off. If you want a heat-sensitive breed, the dog will need to stay indoors with you on warm or humid days, and you'll need to be extra cautious about exercising your dog in the heat.
All around friendliness
Some breeds are independent and aloof, even if they've been raised by the same person since puppyhood, others bond closely to one person and are indifferent to everyone else, and some shower the whole family with affection. Breed isn't the only factor that goes into affection levels, dogs who were raised inside a home with people around feel more comfortable with humans and bond more easily.
Being gentle with children, sturdy enough to handle the heavy-handed pets and hugs they can dish out, and having a blasé attitude toward running, screaming children are all traits that make a kid-friendly dog. You may be surprised by who's on that list: Fierce-looking Boxers are considered good with children, as are American Staffordshire Terriers (aka pit bulls). Small, delicate, and potentially snappy dogs such as Chihuahuas aren't so family-friendly.
** All dogs are individuals. Our ratings are generalizations, and they're not a guarantee of how any breed or individual dog will behave. Dogs from any breed can be good with children based on their past experiences, training on how to get along with kids, and personality. No matter what the breed or breed type, all dogs have strong jaws, sharp pointy teeth, and may bite in stressful circumstances. Young children and dogs of any breed should always be supervised by an adult and never left alone together, period.
Friendliness toward dogs and friendliness toward humans are two completely different things. Some dogs may attack or try to dominate other dogs even if they're love-bugs with people, others would rather play than fight, and some will turn tail and run. Breed isn't the only factor, dogs who lived with their littermates and mother until at least six to eight weeks of age and who spent lots of time playing with other dogs during puppyhood, are more likely to have good canine social skills.
Stranger-friendly dogs will greet guests with a wagging tail and a nuzzle, others are shy, indifferent, or even aggressive. However, no matter what the breed, a dog who was exposed to lots of different types, ages, sizes, and shapes of people as a puppy will respond better to strangers as an adult.
If you're going to share your home with a dog, you'll need to deal with some level of dog hair on your clothes and in your house. However, shedding does vary greatly among the breeds: Some dogs shed year-round, some "blow" seasonally - produce a snowstorm of loose hair - some do both, and some shed hardly at all. If you're a neatnik you'll need to either pick a low-shedding breed, or relax your standards.
Drool-prone dogs may drape ropes of slobber on your arm and leave big, wet spots on your clothes when they come over to say hello. If you've got a laid-back attitude toward slobber, fine, but if you're a neatnik, you may want to choose a dog who rates low in the drool department.
Some breeds are brush-and-go dogs, others require regular bathing, clipping, and other grooming just to stay clean and healthy. Consider whether you have the time and patience for a dog that needs a lot of grooming, or the money to pay someone else to do it.
Due to poor breeding practices, some breeds are prone to certain genetic health problems, such as hip dysplasia. This doesn't mean that every dog of that breed will develop those diseases, it just means that they're at an increased risk. If you're buying a puppy, it's a good idea to find out which genetic illnesses are common to the breed you're interested in, so you can ask the breeder about the physical health of your potential pup's parents and other relatives.
Some breeds have hearty appetites and tend to put on weight easily. As in humans, being overweight can cause health problems in dogs. If you pick a breed that's prone to packing on pounds, you'll need to limit treats, make sure he gets enough exercise, and measure out his daily kibble in regular meals rather than leaving food out all the time.
Dogs come in all sizes, from the world's smallest pooch, the Chihuahua, to the towering Great Dane, how much space a dog takes up is a key factor in deciding if he is compatible with you and your living space. Large dog breeds might seem overpowering and intimidating but some of them are incredibly sweet! Take a look and find the right large dog for you!
Easy to train dogs are more adept at forming an association between a prompt (such as the word "sit"), an action (sitting), and a consequence (getting a treat) very quickly. Other dogs need more time, patience, and repetition during training. Many breeds are intelligent but approach training with a "What's in it for me?" attitude, in which case you'll need to use rewards and games to teach them to want to comply with your requests.
Dogs who were bred for jobs that require decision making, intelligence, and concentration, such as herding livestock, need to exercise their brains, just as dogs who were bred to run all day need to exercise their bodies. If they don't get the mental stimulation they need, they'll make their own work - usually with projects you won't like, such as digging and chewing. Obedience training and interactive dog toys are good ways to give a dog a brain workout, as are dog sports and careers, such as agility and search and rescue.
Common in most breeds during puppyhood and in retriever breeds at all ages, mouthiness means a tendency to nip, chew, and play-bite (a soft, fairly painless bite that doesn't puncture the skin). Mouthy dogs are more likely to use their mouths to hold or "herd" their human family members, and they need training to learn that it's fine to gnaw on chew toys, but not on people. Mouthy breeds tend to really enjoy a game of fetch, as well as a good chew on a chew toy that's been stuffed with kibble and treats.
(Picture Credit: Haydn West - PA Images / PA Images via Getty Images)
Dogs that were bred to hunt, such as terriers, have an inborn desire to chase and sometimes kill other animals. Anything whizzing by - cats, squirrels, perhaps even cars - can trigger that instinct. Dogs that like to chase need to be leashed or kept in a fenced area when outdoors, and you'll need a high, secure fence in your yard. These breeds generally aren't a good fit for homes with smaller pets that can look like prey, such as cats, hamsters, or small dogs. Breeds that were originally used for bird hunting, on the other hand, generally won't chase, but you'll probably have a hard time getting their attention when there are birds flying by.
Some breeds sound off more often than others. When choosing a breed, think about how the dog vocalizes - with barks or howls - and how often. If you're considering a hound, would you find their trademark howls musical or maddening? If you're considering a watchdog, will a city full of suspicious "strangers" put him on permanent alert? Will the local wildlife literally drive your dog wild? Do you live in housing with noise restrictions? Do you have neighbors nearby?
Some breeds are more free-spirited than others. Nordic dogs such as Siberian Huskies were bred to range long distances, and given the chance, they'll take off after anything that catches their interest. And many hounds simply must follow their noses, or that bunny that just ran across the path, even if it means leaving you behind.
High-energy dogs are always ready and waiting for action. Originally bred to perform a canine job of some sort, such as retrieving game for hunters or herding livestock, they have the stamina to put in a full workday. They need a significant amount of exercise and mental stimulation, and they're more likely to spend time jumping, playing, and investigating any new sights and smells. Low-energy dogs are the canine equivalent of a couch potato, content to doze the day away. When picking a breed, consider your own activity level and lifestyle, and think about whether you'll find a frisky, energetic dog invigorating or annoying.
A vigorous dog may or may not be high-energy, but everything he does, he does with vigor: he strains on the leash (until you train him not to), tries to plow through obstacles, and even eats and drinks with great big gulps. These dynamos need lots of training to learn good manners, and may not be the best fit for a home with young kids or someone who's elderly or frail. A low-vigor dog, on the other hand, has a more subdued approach to life.
Some breeds do fine with a slow evening stroll around the block. Others need daily, vigorous exercise - especially those that were originally bred for physically demanding jobs, such as herding or hunting. Without enough exercise, these breeds may put on weight and vent their pent-up energy in ways you don't like, such as barking, chewing, and digging. Breeds that need a lot of exercise are good for outdoorsy, active people, or those interested in training their dog to compete in a high-energy dog sport, such as agility.
Some dogs are perpetual puppies - always begging for a game - while others are more serious and sedate. Although a playful pup sounds endearing, consider how many games of fetch or tag you want to play each day, and whether you have kids or other dogs who can stand in as playmates for the dog.
More About This Breed
The Manchester Terrier is a high-spirited, very intelligent, and cunning dog who is eager to learn. He displays the true terrier nature - independent, faithful, lively, sporty, and alert. Discerning and devoted as well, a Manchester Terrier makes a loyal friend and a terrific watchdog.
In the United States and Canada, there are two varieties of the Manchester Terrier - the Toy and the Standard. In their native England, however, the two sizes are classified as different breeds: the English Toy Terrier and the Manchester Terrier.
Ears are the other big issue for those who care to be official about their Manchester. According to the American breed standard, Toys must have naturally erect ears, cropping is not allowed. Standards have a little more freedom: Naturally erect, cropped, or "button" ears are all acceptable.
Aside from the differences in size and ears, Toys and Standards are the same dog with the same striking personality. Manchester Terriers are extremely loyal to their people. They crave notice without being overly demanding - there will be no pawing or begging for attention.
Well, hardly any. Because they're utterly devoted to companionship, Manchesters don't do well if left alone for long periods of time. They can become bored and nervous in those situations, which could lead to destructive behavior, like digging holes. A vocal breed to begin with, they may also bark excessively if left to amuse themselves.
Exercise is your best prevention tool - the more they get, the less trouble they'll be. Note: If you have issues with your pet bringing you dead and potentially un-whole small critters, you may want to consider another breed. Manchesters don't have a cat's philosophy, so these are not love gifts from an admirer - dead critters are the spoils of war and go to the warrior who brought them down.
Like many terriers, Manchesters have a lot of energy. They want to please and are quick learners. They are sensitive dogs, though, and can get snappy when they want to be left alone. This trait makes them unsuitable for families with small children unless the adults are willing to socialize and train their Manchester on a consistent basis.
Because of their short coats, they should not be left outdoors. When it is hot outside, their black coats could cause them to become overheated, and when it is cold outside, they can get very chilled. They do best when allowed to stay indoors with their families.
- Life expectancy can be up to 15 years.
- Manchesters can become obese if overfed and under-exercised.
- You can find them in two sizes: small and smaller.
- They excel at sports such as agility, obedience, and rally.
- They are great watchdogs and will bark enthusiastically if not trained to be quiet on command.
- Manchester Terriers can be stubborn and difficult to housebreak. Crate training is recommended.
- Manchesters are energetic dogs and like to go for walks. Be care in off-leash or unsecured areas, when their hunting instincts kick in, training is out the window. It's all about the chase.
- They bark, dig, and kill vermin and small critters, including pocket pets.
- To get a healthy dog, never buy a puppy from an irresponsible breeder, puppy mill, or pet store. Look for a reputable breeder who tests her breeding dogs to make sure they're free of genetic diseases that they might pass onto the puppies, and that they have sound temperaments.
A Manchester Terrier adores his people and likes to be with them. A social creature, he is not well suited to being alone all day - he just wants to hang out with you.
Though not particularly aggressive, the Manchester is a terrier bred to kill small animals, meaning it's not a good idea for him to live in the same house with rats and rabbits. While they are more amenable to training than some, Manchesters still have the terrier belief that they rule the world, and if you don't alter that perception, you are likely to end up with a little four-legged Napoleon.
He can be headstrong, protective, and snappish if not raised properly, so these dogs should be thoroughly socialized when young to prevent potential problems. The Manchester needs thorough, firm training in order to protect him from the downside of his own nature.
However, the same "I got game" attitude that so deftly allows them to fillet small rodents can work against them in training. You have to prove - without fail - that you are the leader. Consistency is critical because Manchesters are stubborn and determined. They are also intelligent, keenly observant, and perceptive, so you have to watch your p's and q's around them. If not, they'll take advantage of any inconsistency.
As a group, terriers are barky, lively, bossy, feisty, clever, and willful. The Manchester is no exception. He must have regular opportunities to exercise and think because you really don't want to know what kind of trouble he can get into when he's bored (think about the combination of clever and stubborn and let your imagination run wild).
He should attend obedience classes from an early age, both for the socialization and training, and he should continue going to whatever classes or competitions he enjoys the most to remain intellectually stimulated and physically spent.
As with any breed, temperament is affected by a number of factors, including heredity, training, and socialization. Puppies with nice temperaments are curious and playful, willing to approach people and be held by them. Choose the middle-of-the-road puppy, not the one who's beating up his littermates or the one who's hiding in the corner.
Always meet at least one of the parents - usually the mother is the one who's available - to ensure that they have nice temperaments that you're comfortable with. Meeting siblings or other relatives of the parents is also helpful for evaluating what a puppy will be like when he grows up. Of course, unless you have most of the litter to choose from, you may not be able to select a middle temperament.
Recommended daily amount: 1/4 to 1 cup of high-quality dry food a day, divided into two meals.
Note: How much your adult dog eats depends on his size, age, build, metabolism, and activity level. Dogs are individuals, just like people, and they don't all need the same amount of food. It almost goes without saying that a highly active dog will need more than a couch potato dog. The quality of dog food you buy also makes a difference - the better the dog food, the further it will go toward nourishing your dog and the less of it you'll need to shake into your dog's bowl.
Manchesters are not picky eaters and it's been said that he will eat anything that doesn't eat him first. Not surprisingly, he's prone to obesity. Keep your Manchester in good shape by measuring his food and feeding him twice a day rather than leaving food out all the time. If you're unsure whether he's overweight, give him the eye test and the hands-on test.
First, look down at him. You should be able to see a waist. Then place your hands on his back, thumbs along the spine, with the fingers spread downward. You should be able to feel but not see his ribs without having to press hard. If you can't, he needs less food and more exercise.
For more on feeding your Manchester, see our guidelines for buying the right food, feeding your puppy, and feeding your adult dog.
Coat Color And Grooming
Thanks to that short black and tan coat (the only colors seen in this breed), Manchester Terriers are pretty low maintenance. Brush the coat once a week with a rubber or bristle brush to get rid of dead hair and prevent matting. They shed, although not excessively, and regular brushing keeps this under control. They blow their coat twice a year, shedding heavily every spring and fall.
If you keep him brushed, your Manchester should need a bath only when he's dirty. Use a shampoo made for dogs to avoid drying out his skin and coat.
Brush your Manchester's teeth at least two or three times a week to remove tartar buildup and the bacteria that lurk inside it. Daily brushing is even better if you want to prevent gum disease and bad breath.
Trim nails once or twice a month if your dog doesn't wear them down naturally to prevent painful tears and other problems. If you can hear them clicking on the floor, they're too long. Dog toenails have blood vessels in them, and if you cut too far you can cause bleeding - and your dog may not cooperate the next time he sees the nail clippers come out. So, if you're not experienced trimming dog nails, ask a vet or groomer for pointers.
His ears should be checked weekly for redness or a bad odor, which can indicate an infection. When you check your dog's ears, wipe them out with a cotton ball dampened with gentle, pH-balanced ear cleaner to help prevent infections. Don't insert anything into the ear canal, just clean the outer ear.
Begin accustoming your Manchester to being brushed and examined when he's a puppy. Handle his paws frequently - dogs are touchy about their feet - and look inside his mouth. Make grooming a positive experience filled with praise and rewards, and you'll lay the groundwork for easy veterinary exams and other handling when he's an adult.
As you groom, check for sores, rashes, or signs of infection such as redness, tenderness, or inflammation on the skin, in the nose, mouth, and eyes, and on the feet. Eyes should be clear, with no redness or discharge. Your careful weekly exam will help you spot potential health problems early.
Children and other pets
Typically, a Manchester is devoted to his family and likes children but his small size makes him vulnerable to youngsters who aren't old enough to know it hurts when you yank his ears. Some breeders prefer homes without very young children. It helps to expose him to a lot of children, small and not so small, when he's young.
Show your children how to approach and touch dogs, and supervise any interactions between dogs and young children to prevent any biting or ear or tail pulling on the part of either party. Teach your child never to approach any dog while he's eating or to try to take the dog's food away. No dog should be left unsupervised with a child.
Manchesters and other pets depends on. the other pets. They are less scrappy than many terriers, but don't lose sight of why they were bred: to kill vermin. They have a strong prey drive. So while they generally do well with other dogs, cats might be pretty nervous around them, and small critters like rats, hamsters, and guinea pigs would be in permanent danger around this terrier.
Manchesters are often purchased without any clear understanding of what goes into owning one. There are many Manchesters in need of adoption and or fostering. There are a number of rescues that we have not listed. If you don't see a rescue listed for your area, contact the national breed club or a local breed club and they can point you toward a Manchester rescue.
Unlike most other terriers who come from farms, Manchester formed in urban conditions. It is not intended for normal work, but one of the best in the extermination of rodents, and can also hunt a wild rabbit, which in the modern world does not find application, but allows you to participate with a dog in kursing competitions.
The Manchester Terrier is a direct descendant of the now extinct English black and tan terrier, which was very highly regarded for its working qualities. In industrial areas in northern England, it was called the "rat terrier." In the early 19th century, extermination of rats with the help of dogs in the UK became not only a necessity, but also a popular sport. John Hulm, enthusiastic about achieving the best results in this, crossed an Old English Terrier and a Whippet. The result was a tenacious and fast dog, which was more suitable than others for bullying rodents. The fighting spirit of the mestizo terrier and greyhound was so strong that the dogs not only strangled the enemy, but also tore it in two. By 1860, the Manchester Terrier became one of the most famous and popular breeds for baiting rats. To reduce it and improve the exterior, the breeders began to experiment, pouring blood from other breeds, in particular Chihuahuas. this allowed to reduce height and weight, but led to numerous health problems, such as thinning of the coat, eye diseases and others.
As in England, the United States quickly appreciated the working qualities of the Manchester Terrier and already in 1886, 2 years after the organization of the American Kennel Club, the breed was officially recognized. In 1923, the American Manchester Terrier Club was established. In 1934, a miniature variety was introduced. In 1938, the small Manchester were separated into a separate breed - Toy Manchester Terrier. By 1952, the standard variety became so small that the rocks were again combined into one, but two growth variations were distinguished in it. In 1958, clubs merged, which was the last step in combining standards.
Initially, Manchester decided to stop the ears. It was necessary for a working dog. With the ban on stopping in 1898, the breed's popularity in the UK declined sharply. Later, other pest control methods hit the breed even harder. Only the work of devoted British breeders, members of the Manchester Terrier Club, as well as the positioning of a working dog as a participant in the show and companion, allowed a little improvement by the end of the 20th century.
Video about dogs of the Manchester Terrier breed:
Miniature Manchester Terrier (Toy Manchester Terrier)
A miniature version of the Manchester Terrier is recognized only by the American Kennel Club, which means that small dogs are officially bred only in the States and Canada. In the UK, where the English Kenney Club is considered the main association and in 84 other countries under the patronage of the International Kennel Federation (FCI), miniature Manchesters have long been singled out as a separate breed - the English Toy Terrier. It is worth noting that the English Toy Terrier is in danger of extinction. In order to increase the number and expand the gene pool, the Kennel Club of Great Britain allowed the registration of American Toy Manchester and Manchester Terriers of the appropriate size called the English Toy Terrier.
Nature and behavior
The Manchester Terrier is lively, energetic, domineering, intelligent, wayward and impulsive. In the work, fearless and persistent, has a pronounced instinct for persecution and anger towards a small beast. Any small animals and, to a lesser extent, a bird can be a potential prey.
The Manchester Terrier is independent and independent, if you spoil it too much, you can get the little four-legged Napoleon, who is convinced that he rules the world.
Manchester is strongly attached to the owner and family members, but remains feline independent. It needs early socialization and competent education, as well as good physical and mental stress, which will prevent the development of negative qualities. Любит находиться в центре внимания и всегда становится активным участником любых событий. Вместе с тем она не потерпит назойливого внимания, когда не хочет того. Может огрызнуться, поэтому не является хорошим выбором для семьи с маленькими детьми, а также для людей, которые не собираются много времени уделять воспитанию и обучению щенка. Манчестер терьеры не любят продолжительного одиночества и страдают во время разлуки с владельцем. По этой причине порода не подходит тем, кто целыми днями занят на работе, а в свободное время не собирается уделять собаке достаточно внимания.
Манчестерский терьер очень деятельный и бдительный, а потому отлично справляется с обязанностями сторожа. Тесного контакта с незнакомыми людьми обычно избегает, насторожен, но не агрессивен. С другими собаками играет или держится в стороне, редко провоцирует конфликты, но не будет уходить в сторону, если ему бросили вызов. С другими собаками и кошками, с которыми вырос вместе, уживается хорошо. Что же касается мелких животных и птиц, то они навсегда останутся для терьера предметом охоты.
Манчестерский терьер отлично подходит для содержания в квартире или в доме. В теплое время года он будет удовольствием проводить много времени на улице. Летом собаку нежелательно оставлять надолго на солнцепеке, поскольку темный окрас повышает риск получить тепловой удар. В холодное время года, особенно в ветреную, сырую или морозную погоду, возможно переохлаждение в результате долгого пребывания на улице. Манчестерский терьер который лишён работы и внимания со стороны владельца будет пользоваться любой возможностью, чтобы сбежать в поисках приключений, вырывать ямы под забором, перепрыгивать ограды или вырываться с поводка.
Манчестер терьер подходит для молодых людей, которые ведут активный образ жизни.
Манчестер терьер в плане ухода абсолютно неприхотлив. Его шерстный покров состоит только из короткого покровного волоса, а это значит, что при регулярном расчесывании и купании линька выражена очень слабо, в том числе сезонная. Расчесывать собаку рекомендуется еженедельно специальной щеткой или рукавицей для короткошерстных пород. После процедуры остатки волос убирают влажной тканью или ладонью. Вопрос мытья индивидуальный. Как правило, полноценное купание требуется редко, раз в 2-3 месяца.
В остальном собака нуждается в обычных гигиенических процедурах: чистка ушей и зубов, стрижка когтей. К слову, у манчестер терьеров крепкие зубы, которые не склонны к пародонтозу, поэтому с профилактической целью часто достаточно игрушек из серии дэнтал и сушеных говяжьих жил в виде лакомства.
Манчестерский терьер обычно не переборчив в еде. Легко приспосабливаются к тому типу питания, который предложи владелец. Это могут быть натуральные продукты или же готовые сухие корма. Манчестерские терьеры склонны к ожирению. Собаку важно не только не перекармливать, но и обеспечить полноценную физическую нагрузку.
Health and Life Expectancy
В целом манчестерский терьер обладает крепким здоровьем, вынослив по своей природе и легко адаптируется к различным условиям жизни. Однако может наследовать некоторые заболевания, которые в большей или меньшей степени распространены в разных линиях:
- Болезни глаз (глаукома, катаракта),
- Вывих надколенника,
- Некроз тазобедренного сустава,
- Болезнь фон Виллебранда,
Для сохранения здоровья собаки нельзя забывать об обязательных ветеринарно-профилактических мероприятиях: плановой вакцинации, регулярной обработки от паразитов, ежегодного медосмотра на наличие распространенные генетические и других проблем со здоровьем. Продолжительность жизни может достигать 15 и более лет.
Выбор щенка породы манчестер терьер
Купить щенка манчестерского терьера английского и тем более американского разведения в России и странах ближнего зарубежья будет проблематично. Даже на родине порода остаётся весьма малочисленной. Единицы представителей породы есть в Москве, Нижнем Новгороде, Санкт-Петербурге, Киеве и некоторых других крупных городах СНГ. Желающим заняться разведением этой редкой породы стоит задуматься о покупке щенка за границей, в Англии Германии или Финляндии.
При выборе щенка обращают внимание на родителей помёта. Одни питомники занимаются разведением исключительно шоу собак. Их манчестеры обладают менее выраженным охотничьим инстинктом. Другие наоборот активно участвуют в различных видах спорта или используют собак для работы по прямому назначению. Немаловажным фактором является наличие тестов на распространенные генетические заболевания, которые встречаются в породе.
Цена щенка манчестер терьера колеблется в очень широком диапазоне. Она зависит от географии и статуса питомника, спроса на щенков и ценности линии. В России средняя стоимость 30 000-40 000 руб. В Европе 1000 евро. В Америке средняя цена щенка манчестера 800 долларов, той разновидность стоит на 500-600 долларов дороже.
How to choose a puppy?
Покупка английского терьера в России затруднительна, поскольку нет питомников, занимающихся разведением этой породы. Гарантию качества питомцев могут предоставить только заводчики из Великобритании. Однако собака будет стоить не дешево.
При выборе щенка нужно обратить внимание на следующие факторы:
- Известность питомника. Нужно обращаться только к официально зарегистрированным заводчикам с хорошей репутацией.
- Документы родителей. Особое внимание нужно обратить на медицинские показатели и соответствие стандарту.
- Cost. Питомец без дефектов стоит не менее 60 тыс.руб.
- Appearance. Здоровая собака имеет блестящую шерсть, не выглядит истощенной или чрезмерно упитанной.
- Поведение потенциального питомца. Щенки должны проявлять активность и любопытство, легко идти на контакт.