These birds were first brought to Europe in 1840. At first they spread throughout Belgium, France, Germany and England, where only wealthy citizens could purchase them. In the 50s, the budgerigar was first bred in captivity. The price for them was still huge, so the capture of birds was not reduced. In 1894 alone, 600 thousand pairs of budgerigars were imported from Australia to France. After calculating the damage caused by the bird population, a law was introduced prohibiting the export of this species of parrots from the country.
Today, the budgerigar is considered the most common captive bird. The fashion for them has already passed, but true lovers of bird singing still acquire these feathered companions for themselves. We will tell you about how budgerigars are attracted to them and how to care for them so that they please you with their parody for a long time.
Modest dimensions and attractive appearance
As noted by ornithologists, the length of these birds varies from 17 to 19.8 centimeters. Show individuals are somewhat larger: from the tip of the beak to the tip of the tail, they can reach 23 centimeters. Most of this length, and this is about 10 centimeters, is a stepped tail. The budgerigar's weight is truly tiny. Adults have difficulty gaining 50 grams. The wings of birds have a length approximately equal to the length of the tail.
The main color of the plumage of these small birds is considered grassy green. The front of the head, throat and back are painted a sunny yellow color, and large black spots are present on the side of the neck. A pattern of black waves descends from the back of the head to the back. If on the back of the head the strips are thin, then on the lower part of the back are wider. Each budgerigar is decorated with this pattern: in young birds it is blurry and barely noticeable, while in adults it is pronounced on the contrary and immediately catches your eye. The appearance of breeding individuals contributed to the spread of other colors.
Only males of the budgerigar have fluorescent feathers on their foreheads. They shine in the sun and help the female make the right choice. Otherwise, the colors of the birds are very similar, because often there are problems in determining the sex of individuals. Both females and males have a powerful curved beak covered with a stratum corneum. Budgerigars, unlike other birds, can move their beaks more actively, due to the fact that their upper jaw is connected to the skull using a tendon ligament. By means of a beak, these birds pluck branches, leaves and various fruits, and then chop them. His parrots are also used as a tool for lifting objects and moving them. And, of course, each budgerigar uses its beak for climbing.
These little birds have a very mobile neck, because they grab food and things of interest to them with their beaks, not paws. The body is less mobile and performs, first of all, the supporting function. Parrots use strong tenacious legs for climbing trees and walking. The budgerigar flies like a swallow: it makes arcuate movements, and bends its wings when landing.
Australia is considered the birthplace of this species of parrots. Until the 1900s, the budgerigar was the largest bird on this continent. Today, parrots of this species abundantly inhabit the southwestern and eastern coasts, but their numbers have declined markedly. You can meet representatives of the genus on the island of Tasmania, located near Australia.
For nesting, parrots choose semi-desert territories where there is enough food and water. It depends on where the budgerigar settles when it will breed. Birds that choose the north of the continent as their place of residence can breed at any time of the year, except for the rainy season. Birds in northern Australia only breed chicks between November and December.
To date, the budgerigar is more common in captivity than in wildlife. This is due both to a change in the landscape of the continent and the mass capture of birds in the 1850s, and to their eating by local aborigines. It was they who gave these birds the name "bedgerigas", meaning "edible."
Budgerigars: care and maintenance
Like any bird, a parrot of this species needs a separate cage. Its size should allow the bird to move and play freely. Every day, the pet needs to be released on home flight walks, during which the budgie will stretch its wings and body muscles. A small bird will feel comfortable if the length of daylight is 10-14 hours. Since in winter the natural conditions do not allow this, additional light sources imitating the sun are installed above the pet’s cage. The budgerigar, like most birds, does not like drafts, so you should not leave the cage with it on the windowsill or put it where it blows from windows or doors.
Budgerigars need constant care and proper maintenance. They should always have access to clean water, and in the hot season and to the bathtub, in which the pet can swim. It is best if the drinking bowl is closed, then litter and other garbage will not get into it, which means that the bird will have less chance to catch the infection. A budgie should also have access to feeders and toys. The latter are best purchased in large quantities. Birds often gnaw wooden ladders and climbing frames, so they have to be changed at least once every few weeks. The more diverse the toys are and the larger their number, the less the budgerigar will miss in the absence of the host.
Perhaps the easiest way to provide food for these parrots. They eat very little and do not require any specific food. What parrots eat can be found on the shelves of supermarkets and pet stores. As a rule, breeders feed the birds with a grain mixture. Ready mixes include oats, millet, canary, sunflower seeds and meadow herbs. Self-respecting producers do not add anything superfluous to the mixture so that the bird does not earn indigestion or other health problems.
The list of how to feed a budgie also includes germinated and steamed grains. If you teach a bird to such food from childhood, it will be happy to eat it as a kind of snack. It is worth considering that such food spoils quickly, so you need to steam and germinate the grain in small quantities.
Speaking of nutrition, it is worth mentioning how to feed the budgerigar in addition to grain feed. Obligatory products included in the pet's menu should be apples, pumpkin, carrots, pears and other fruits / vegetables allowed to birds. In the feathered season, you can indulge in dandelion leaves, spinach and dill. If there is a shortage of greenery in your region in winter, freeze or dry it and feed your pet. The fact that budgies love to chew on young twigs, you probably know from educational programs about birds. If you have such an opportunity, treat the pet with young branches of fruit trees and willows. The parrot will not refuse boiled eggs and cottage cheese. These products deliver feathered calcium and protein to the body, which are essential for the healthy development of the bird and the maintenance of strong immunity.
How many budgerigars live?
In the wild, these little birds have a lifespan of 4-5 years. Rare individuals manage to live longer. The miniature size of the budgerigar does not allow it to resist predators, and the flocking way of life - to survive hunger in the gardens, where there is enough food for one bird. In the wild, birds die both from the elements and from the hands of people. The latter is to blame for poachers who illegally catch birds in regions where it is officially prohibited, and farmers who do not want to share their crops with birds.
At home, the life of a budgerigar varies from 8 to 15 years. Weaker birds that have experienced maltreatment or abuse by poachers die earlier. And those birds that have received proper care since childhood and have eaten properly can last longer. How many budgerigars live in conditions as close to natural as possible depends on how they feel. If the health of the birds is in line with the norm, they easily survive old age and die in the allotted time.
Often, the development of a disease leads to a reduction in the life of a pet. Diseases of budgies are different. The most common ornithologists consider knemidocoptosis (a skin disease caused by ticks) and ornithosis (an infectious disease). The first ailment can affect both chicks and adult birds. But the second often leaves its mark on the state of young animals.
Proper care, proper nutrition and regular visits to the veterinarian can keep the Australian bird healthy and extend its life. Responsible breeders without fail give the feathered vitamin and minerals that make its immunity stronger.
In a year and a half, birds of this species have a period when they can breed. In nature, feathered birds can acquire offspring all year round. At home, this period is reduced to the warmest time of the year - summer. The budgerigar picks a pair long before the time comes to think about the chicks. Therefore, by the year he is completely ready for the appearance of young animals.
Clutch, as a rule, consists of 4-12 eggs of white color. Mother incubates them for about 20 days, and the father of the family is engaged in providing food. Tiny parrots are born blind and devoid of feathers. The birds can only see birds 9 days after birth, while their plumage only grows after a month. As soon as the budgerigar fins, he leaves the nest in order to begin an independent life. In the first few weeks, young animals can maintain relations with their parents, but then these contacts come to naught. In nature, if birds live in one flock, they communicate as members of one large and friendly family. If they fall into different flocks, birds, as a rule, can no longer be seen.
At home, the budgerigar, ready for breeding, moves out with its partner into a separate cage. A nesting house is installed in it, which will serve as a shelter for newborn chicks and their mother. The bottom of the cell is covered with wood chips, absorbing liquid and unpleasant odors. The top of the cage is usually foldable to make it easier to monitor the cleanliness of the nest and the health of the chicks. Each young budgerigar, as soon as it starts to eat on its own, receives a special feed that contains a large amount of calcium. This element helps the skeleton of young growth to grow evenly, and the body to strengthen.
Reproduction of budgerigars at home does not require specific knowledge and skills from the breeder. If you previously kept any kind of parrot and bred them yourself, you can easily cope with the breeding of wavy. The main thing is not to forget that during the breeding season, birds tend to behave aggressively and are very susceptible to various diseases, so it is important to pay attention to them, properly feed them and monitor the cleanliness of their home.
Compared to other bird species, the budgerigar is inexpensive. These small and talkative birds are not considered extremely rare, because they flooded the CIS countries back in the 60-70s. Then the wavy were very popular and massively acquired by both lovers of exotic and families with children who wanted to get a smart pet.
Today the budgerigar is not wildly popular. The fashion for the content of these talkative individuals has long passed, but love for them remains. Children and adults perceive the wavy as cute, kind and unpretentious pets that can be wound up if there is no time and money for someone larger. On average, in pet stores a budgie costs from 300 to 700 rubles. Individuals with rare coloration may sell a little more expensive. The price for them usually does not exceed 2000 rubles.
Where to put a cage with a parrot?
It is best to put a cage or aviary in the bright part of the room, but away from heating appliances and drafts. It is best to place the cage just below the height of human growth - so it will be more convenient for you to clean it and put food, and other pets will not be able to get to the bird. Daylight hours for most species of parrots should be at least 15 hours a day. In autumn and winter, you need to turn on additional lighting. Provide a calm environment for the parrot: birds are afraid of harsh sounds or loud music. Only a person can trust in the hands of a pet.
When choosing a cage for a pet, give preference to a simple rectangular shape without any special decorations and protrusions - dust and dirt will accumulate in them, cleaning such a “home” is more difficult. The dimensions should be at least 5 times longer than the parrot itself: for example, for a 20-cm bird, the cage should be 100 cm long and at least 60 wide. It would be better if the cage is all-metal, since the bird can cut through wooden rods, and durability, and the strength of the metal is much higher than that of wood. The lock must be reliable - it can be a carbine, a spring or a lock with a key.
How often to clean a parrot’s cage
Cleaning should be daily: with a soft brush, you can brush off dust and adhering dirt, rinse the tray, replace the litter. Be sure to wash the feeders and drinkers with hot water and soda, rinse the drinkers. General cleaning should be done once a week. It is necessary to replace sand in the pallet and bathing chamber, having previously calcined it in the oven, to lay fresh hygroscopic paper. The poles are also thoroughly cleaned, because litter and leftover food remain on them. You also need to wash the parrot toys with hot water and soda.
Communication with the pet
Birds adapt rather quickly to the new environment; there is no need to arrange forced isolation for them. From time to time a parrot needs to be released to fly around the room, communicate more often with it. If the feathered one is bored, he will begin to pluck his feathers and yearn, so at least twice a day, try to give him 30-40 minutes.
A variety of toys are put in the cage of a parrot - perches, rings, swings, bells and others. Many breeders also recommend mirrors - they supposedly stimulate the desire to speak. If you want to teach your pet words, you will have to train him regularly - at such moments there should be no strangers in the room, silence and calm are the key to success.
How to feed a parrot
We - this is what we eat - this statement is also relevant for birds. The diet should be complete and as diverse as possible. 60% of the parrot’s food - various grain mixtures, it is also recommended to give the pet berries, fruits, vegetables, greens (in winter you can sprout wheat and oats), mineral fertilizing. Basically, food is given in grated form or in small pieces.
There should always be clean water in the cage, into which a couple of times a month you can add drops of lemon juice - an excellent source of vitamins for poultry. The diet can be adjusted depending on the condition, age of the bird, as well as the time of year. Learn more - "How to Feed a Budgerigar."
Keep an eye on the pet’s health status: unusual behavior or changes in the appearance of the bird is an occasion to show it to the veterinarian ornithologist. Love your feathered friend, and he will reciprocate!
Domestic budgies are very beautiful and interesting. Children like to talk with a bird, watch the game. The colors of their plumage are so diverse that each color is surprising. Each budgerigar is unique, the photo of any bird attracts attention, as they are really interesting and curious creatures.
Parrots, like all living things, need careful care. It is important to know which cell is needed and how often it needs to be cleaned. We will analyze all this in our article.
How many small parrots live?
The natural habitat for parrots of this species is Australia. There, the parrots feel great among the wild thickets. But in the cities, they also took root well. How many budgerigars live in urban environments? In the wild, these birds live only 8-10 years. But thanks to man, their life can be longer.
A wavy parrot lives at home for about 15 years, only sometimes survives to 17. These birds are afraid of drafts, they can hurt. Like people, they are also susceptible to bacteriological and viral diseases, so they can die earlier without proper care.
When choosing a bird, pay attention not to a more beautiful pet, but to a healthier one. That bird, which is too calm - does not chirp, does not play, is possibly ill with something. It’s best to buy a parrot in a good pet store or directly from a breeder with extensive breeding experience, rather than in a spontaneous market. That is, where the birds are looked after.
Which cell is suitable?
The fact is that parrots need a lot of space in the house. Keeping them constantly in a cage is not an option. The bird will be bored; she needs to stretch her wings. The cage itself should be large and spacious, especially if it has two parrots.
The parrot’s house should be at least 60 cm long, and preferably 80 cm long. The height should be at least 50 cm. Additionally, you need to attach a drinking bowl and a small bath for parrots. If the rods are colored, then you can not stick food between them.
Wooden cages will not work, as a budgie will surely gnaw through wooden rods.
There are various figured cells on sale. But they are more suitable for bird transfer, but not for living. Best of all - ordinary, unpainted cells of a rectangular shape. In such dwellings, it is more convenient for birds to climb stairs and play. The parrot himself is not so important how his house looks, he needs comfort. Sometimes he is sad, and he needs a "personal" home corner. Another advantage of a rectangular cage is the ease of care for it. All kinds of pet toys are easy to attach to straight rods - these are bells, rocking chairs and more.
In addition, I need to say a few words about the choice of perches. You should not buy perches, pasted over with emery paper, which have appeared recently in pet stores. The feet of a budgie can bleed.
The diameter of these crossbars should be different. One is placed a little higher, the other, as it were, on the lower floor, this arrangement is convenient for the bird.
How do budgerigars breed? If you decide to buy a pair and try to raise several chicks, then keep in mind that the pair that you yourself may not bring the chicks. Parrots form an alliance for life. And if he or she did not like the pair, mating will not happen.
They are most prolific at the age of 2 to 8 years. The female hatches about 6-9 cubs at a time. Offspring are more often born in the summer, when daylight hours are more than 12 hours and enough heat for them. After all, a parrot is a thermophilic creature. The female hatches eggs for exactly 18 days. He tries to turn them over all the time, since an egg that has not received heat will die.
In the summer, parrots need to be given more fruits and vegetables and sprouted grains so that they safely breed their offspring. If you want to get offspring in winter, you will have to additionally heat and light the nest.
It is convenient to breed chicks in a female nest in a cardboard nest. To equip it, it is enough to cut a small hole on the side of the box, with a diameter of 5-7 cm. This is a hole for the female. And for the male to fly up to the nest and feed the female, he needs to build a small pole near the hole.
What are the budgies when they first hatched? The chicks hatch so helpless and weak that the female has to feed them in a lying position. They are fledgling, and their eyes are completely closed. The weight of the hatched chicks is just a little over one gram. Their mother is with them all the time, climb into the nest and scare the female is not necessary. Chicks will leave the nest on the 23rd or 24th day, when they have already gained the bulk and they will have plumage.
Signs of a Parrot Disease
When your parrot is not feeling well, this can be seen by some changes in its behavior. Of course, the bird, although speaking, cannot say that something hurts her. But an attentive host should notice the following symptoms:
- The bird lowers its tail and looks weak. She is not interested in anything from things or toys.
- Refusal of food.
- Parrots stop cleaning feathers when they feel bad.
- Outgrowths are sometimes found on the beak.
If the parrot is just a little lethargic, you need to put a lamp near it and heat it. At a comfortable temperature, and this is 27-28 ° C, he will heal himself. But when the situation is serious, it is visible by growths and, possibly, there will be strange discharge from the beak. Then you need to immediately call the veterinarian and make an appointment.
What do the budgerigar owners need to know about the diseases of these birds? Firstly, the fact that health and well-being depends on the conditions of its detention. High-quality food and frequent inspection of the beak and undertail should also come into practice. So you will respond to the disease in time.
The bird can become infected with salmonella and die in a short time from dehydration, since with diarrhea all the water quickly leaves the small body of the parrot. Infection comes from drinking contaminated water or dirty food. Or the parrot was in contact with other birds, for example at an exhibition.
Another common disease is psittacosis. When overheating or after a stressful situation, moving to another house to new owners, the bird may become ill. The appetite disappears in the parrot and a runny nose begins. A characteristic feature is swelling of the connective tissue and excretion. Previously, entire swarms died in large numbers from this disease, which is caused by chlamydobacteria. But today, with the help of antibiotics, the disease is cured well.
Also, the bird can get knemidocoptosis or become infected with ticks. In general, there are a lot of diseases. It is necessary to constantly monitor health so that the parrot does not die ahead of time.
There are three subspecies of budgies. These are wavy monochromatic, with colorful plumage and crested wavy species. Each group has many varieties of colors. The main natural color is light green. Stripes on the head and on the back in the form of waves play the role of camouflage in the green more often. Blue, white, gray and other tones and shades are derived using selection.
Those who are breeding birds know that monotonous parrots with light shades of yellow or pure white colors have more faded, poorly expressed wave patterns. And on blue feathers and dark green this pattern is visible very well.
Multicolor parrots, in turn, are divided into three subspecies: harlequins, variegated budgies and penguins.
Ordinary parrots of light green color breed best in captivity. And those that were selected selectively do not adapt well, they are weak, and it is difficult to breed with them.
How to teach to speak?
If you want to teach a parrot to speak, then you need to buy a boy, and one, without a couple. Then he will be bored, and he will quickly get used to the person, will try to "find a common language" with his master.
How to teach a budgerigar to pronounce the first "words", and then phrases, or rather, to teach them to parody people? Parrots, in fact, do not speak, but imitate human sounds, completely unaware of them. Moreover, the voices of children and women in most of these birds are better able to portray. In order for a bird to start learning to imitate, one must constantly talk with it.
Budgies cannot remember many words. Only about 10-20 phrases. Their larger relatives speak more and better. However, keeping wavy birds is easier and cheaper than jaco or cockatoo, and they adapt to ordinary city rooms better.
First, you will constantly have to repeat one word, more often they pronounce his name. Then the phrase in which this word is present. And even later, if a talented parrot comes across, you can learn some kind of children's poem or a joke with it. But it should be noted that all this takes a lot of time, and the owner must be patient and not scream at the parrot, if he does not succeed.
How to tame?
After you bring the purchased parrot to your home, let it get comfortable. For several days, try not to disturb him at all. Only fit to change feed. In no case do not pick it up immediately. The parrot has a shock, and he must first get used to you. Talk to him more often over time. You can open the cage in a few days so that he plays in your room and is interested in something. Do not scold him if he breaks something, and do not turn on loud music.
Your task is to maintain an atmosphere of trust. You can not grab the bird with your hands, you can not scold it. Otherwise, she will be afraid of you and, possibly, will be hostile. In general, parrots are very friendly and make good contact with a person. But scaring a bird or causing violence, putting it in a cage with your hands, you will forever lose the location of a small pet.
What can be said to summarize the information? Domestic budgies need a good and clean house, quality feed and a friendly attitude to them. Keeping one parrot is not so problematic. It is necessary to monitor its health and the condition of the beak. Long beaks can be cut, but the veterinarian, not the owner, must do this.
Food for your pet is diverse and good enough. Feed the bird with mineral feed, fruit slices, it is necessary to give greens. If all the rules of care are followed, your parrot will live a very long time.
The budgerigar adapts very well at home. These birds are interesting with people, they learn quickly and can bring a lot of joy to the house. However, do not forget that when you bring a parrot to the house, you are responsible for its health.
The first information about budgies appeared in the early 19th century. The origin of budgerigars originates in Australia. In 1840, budgies were first brought to the London Zoo. Soon the budgerigar appeared in France, Belgium and Germany. Thus began the mass capture and export of these birds from Australia. Cages with hundreds of thousands of birds were transported by ship to Europe. During transportation, many birds died.
But after some time, information appeared about their successful breeding in captivity. Soon budgerigars already lived almost throughout Europe. Then it was an expensive pleasure and only wealthy people could afford the exotic bird. By 1860, many European zoos already had their own populations of these birds.
Due to the massive and unregulated capture of parrots, there has been a sharp reduction in the number of budgerigars. In connection with large-scale and brutal trade, in 1894 the Australian government passed a law banning the export of all species of birds that inhabit the country. Now the number of budgerigars in captivity significantly exceeds the number of these exotic birds living in nature.
Parrots were imported to Russia from Europe. Soon they began to breed in the Moscow Zoo, and later at home. The greatest interest in these birds was manifested due to their ability to imitate human speech. Now these birds are popular among cage birds.
What does a wavy parrot look like?
The budgerigar looks small. The size of the budgerigar is from 17 to 20 cm in length, with a tail length of 8-10 cm and a wing length of about 10 cm. These birds weigh only 40-45 grams. The budgerigar looks very bright because of its plumage, which is painted mainly in a grassy green color. The throat and front of the head are saturated yellow.
Thanks to its stepped long tail, it seems as if the budgerigar looks bigger than it really is. The curved beak of these birds is covered with a stratum corneum, it is very mobile and powerful. At the base of the beak, a wax is distinguished, on which there are nasal openings. The upper jaw of the beak is much longer than the lower.
The beak of the budgerigar is universal. They parrot picks small branches, leaves, seeds and various fruits. In addition, with its help budgies can lift and carry various objects. The beak also helps parrots climb trees and even defend themselves. The inner side of the beak has teeth that cleanse the grain from the husk, help to pluck and gnaw the fruit.
The budgerigar chicks have a dark beak, in adult birds it is pale yellow with a greenish tint. Voskovitsa, located above the beak of birds, allows you to determine the sex of the budgerigar. By the color of the waxwort, budgies are easily distinguished. In a young male it is purple, in an adult it is bright blue. In a young female she is blue, in an adult - blue or brown.
The strong and tenacious paws of this parrot are painted in grayish-blue or light pink in color and have black, dark blue or white claws. On each paw of these birds there are 4 sharp and bent fingers. Two of them are directed forward and two back. This allows the parrots to very cleverly climb branches, walk on the ground and grab something with their paw.
One of the unique properties of what a budgie looks like is fluorescence (the ability to glow). The feathers of the budgerigar fluoresce under the influence of sunlight. In nature, the presence of fluorescence plays an important role in the reproduction of budgies.
Australia is not only the birthplace of budgerigars (the most common parrots on the mainland), but also their main habitat.
Feathered nests along the southwestern and eastern coasts (avoiding the northern territories with dense forests), as well as on the nearest islands, including about. Tasmania.
Looking for sites for nesting, parrots opt for steppe and semi-desert areas with rare trees.
In the north of the continent, the breeding of the “wavy” offspring does not depend on the time of year (only the rainy season is excluded), in the south - usually in November-December.
Parrots live in flocks numbering from 20 to several hundred birds. Flocks fly from place to place, looking for food and water, sometimes stopping in the middle of green plains, where grass seeds are eaten.
Birds easily cover vast distances due to the high flight speed similar to that of a swallow. When landing, the parrot bends its wings down like a quail.
Now the number of wild populations of budgies has declined significantly. Ornithologists are sure that these are the consequences of human intervention in the landscape of Australia.
It is interesting! Indigenous tribes may have been involved in the process of birds' decline, giving the budgerigar the name "bedgerigas", which translates as "suitable for food."
According to the I. Fisher classification system, all budgies are divided into two groups.
First group - birds of any color with normal undulation, including four subgroups:
- Green with a black wavy pattern
- Blue with black wavy pattern.
- Yellow with a faint bluish wavy pattern
- White with a faint bluish wavy pattern
In these subgroups, 3 main colors of plumage are distinguished: light color, medium color, dark.
Second group - includes parrots of variegated colors that did not retain a wavy pattern:
- With opaline pattern
- With brown pattern
Crested budgies, made in a separate group.
What you need to know before making a purchase?
A new pet in the house is not only joy, but also a great responsibility. In this regard, you will have some problems and limitations. Therefore, before answering the question of how to maintain and properly care for a budgie at home, I’ll tell you about the restrictions that owners of these birds have. Here you need to consider several facts:
- Budgies get up early and excellent sing. Therefore, every time in the morning you will hear a funny song from your bird.
- You will have to daily clean up the room where the pet lives, as it will litter a lot feathers, various scraps of paper, husks from feed, droppings and the like.
- If there are a lot of flowers or other plants in your house, then you will need to remove them from the room where the bird will live. The fact is that when you release the budgie, it will probably be bite the leaves of plantstastes the land. All this can lead to poisoning and helminth infections.
- Maintenance and care of budgies in the home will force you to abandon the use in the room where the bird (s) of various perfumes, aerosols, fresheners, smoking, painting nails, cooking, etc. Budgerigars (both females and males) have very sensitive respiratory system. Therefore, such aromas can cause serious harm to their health.
- Be morally and financially prepared for the fact that parrots may appear different disease. You may also be allergic to a feathered friend. All this leads to a waste of time and money, since without timely medical assistance can not do.
- In no case you can’t leave the bird alone for a long time. If you decide to go somewhere to rest, then the duration of rest should be no more than two days. Otherwise, you need to find in advance a person who could take care of the pet for some time, and introduce them to each other.
Willingness to such circumstances shows that the acquisition of a budgie is for you. Next, let's talk about what are the rules for the care and maintenance of such birds.
What things do you need to care for a budgie at home?
For the favorable mental and physical development of the bird, you need to create comfortable living conditions for it in the house. Nothing should threaten the health of a feathered friend.
To prepare a place for the cage, for the residence of a new pet, you need in advance, before you bring it home. To avoid possible injuries when the parrot walks around the room, remove all objects that may be at least somehow dangerous to his health: chemicals, various crayons, markers, broken and small things, wires.
Be sure to buy the right care and keeping budgies at home. cells. They should be comfortable and properly equipped. Namely - to include a drinking trough, feeding trough, swimming pool, poles and toys. When buying, pay particular attention to the shape of the bird house. I advise you to buy big specimens, squared. Since in nature these birds often fly from branch to branch, in order to feel comfortable they need a lot of space.
Bird housing should be in a place suitable for the favorable mental and physical condition of the bird. Therefore, think first of all not about the aesthetic beauty of the room, but about the comfort of a parrot.
To keep the budgies in the house or apartment comfortable, the first thing to do is choose the right cage. It is in it that they will spend most of the time, so it should be comfortable, equipped and spacious. Birds of this breed love space. For this reason, it is better to purchase a large cage so that they can move freely around it.
Budgerigars at home should feel comfortable, they should not interfere with anything and cause discomfort. The first step is to purchase a cage for them.
When choosing a cell, you need to consider important features:
- the size. The home must be spacious
- if you plan to keep one budgie, then a small cage with dimensions of 35 × 35 cm is suitable for him, but for a couple, the smallest area will be 65x55 cm,
- it is worth considering the indicators of the frequency of the wire. It should create a lattice with a density that does not limit the poking of the bird’s head, which can lead to injury
- a square cage is suitable for living, its top should be domed,
- the cell section below should be made of solid wood or metal base,
- the base of the wire should not be made of copper. A bird may be poisoned by metal oxides if it gnaws on a wire.
Choosing a place in the house
In order for the budgerigar to be well, it is important to pay special attention to its contents. The cage needs to be installed in a suitable area. Kitchen, hallway, bathroom, passage room - will not be the best places for this bird. It must be placed in a quiet and secluded place at home.
Considering the important question of how to care for budgies at home, you should pay special attention to the place where the cage will be installed. To do this, you need to remember several features:
- the cage with the bird should not be in drafts, near window openings or heating devices,
- in warm periods, it is recommended to put the cage with the parrot on the balcony,
- fresh air and sunlight positively affects the health status of the pet. But with strong sun, the side of the cell needs to be covered with a cloth.
As the cage will be selected and installed, it is worth moving to its arrangement so that the bird can live in it comfortably. At this stage, the future dwelling is recommended to be fully equipped, it should have all the important elements for the normal life of the feathered pet.
The maintenance of the budgerigar is a responsible matter, therefore it should be taken carefully and not to miss even the little things. If you want the bird to live long and not have problems, be sure to arrange the cage as it should. It should have wood poles. They will serve as a place for the bird, on which she can sit and rest, play.
Poles should be installed in areas of the cage where the parrot will not litter the drinkers and feeders with droppings. In this case, the tail of the bird should not touch the walls of the cage.
For poles, it is recommended to use the following types of wood:
- oak, beech, maple, birch. Wood of this species is considered quite wear-resistant, it positively affects the state of a feathered pet,
- willow. The poles from this tree will be very durable, willow also has a healing effect,
- apple tree, pear, plum, cherry, mountain ash. The perches from these tree species will become a delicious sitting for parrots. They have a lot of nutrients in their composition.
It is impossible to use coniferous trees (spruce, pine, cedar) for poles. They can cause various health problems in birds. Do not use poisonous rocks.
Bowls for food and a drinking bowl with water are placed in the cage. They can be 2-3 pieces, the water in them needs to be changed every day.
3 feeders are required in the cage:
- one feeder for feed mixtures with minerals - crushed eggshell, red clay, sand, charcoal,
- solid food bowl - millet, grain, barley, millet,
- soft feed container.
Important! Birds like to swim in the hot season, budgies often do this in drinking bowls. At the same time, water spills, the cell becomes polluted, and the feathers fly apart. To prevent this, it is worth installing special bathing containers.
Additionally, for games and development, a swing with swinging stairs is placed in the cage. They are useful for developing the muscles of the legs of birds. Stones of various sizes, toys, can be placed on the surface of the bottom of the cell.
Care for budgies should include cleaning the home. For cleaning, you will need ordinary warm water without impurities and detergents. It does not need to add powder. For washing, you can use an old toothbrush.
When cleaning, it is worth considering a number of recommendations:
- all elements must be washed and wiped dry,
- it’s especially worthwhile to clean the pan, it is always there is a lot of dirt
- all feeders and drinkers should be washed well.
Domestication of budgerigars began in the mid-19th century, when in Australia they began to be massively captured and transported to Europe. Possessing such a strange bird was considered fashionable, so the demand was very high. The Australian authorities were afraid that the population might disappear, and ordered bird watchers to breed captive parrots. And since these birds willingly give offspring in favorable conditions, soon wavy ceased to be a rarity.
Modern man, starting a budgerigar, must necessarily get acquainted with information about their contents. This will improve the quality of life of the bird in captivity, so that it is always fun and active. At home, the parrot can live up to 15 years, or even more with appropriate care.
Budgerigar Day begins at dawn. The cage should be covered at night, because as soon as light enters it in the morning, the bird will chirp and run. One side of the cage must be left open so that the wavy does not suffocate.
During the day, the parrot is usually awake: he runs around the cage, jumps from perch to perch, plays with a bell, communicates with himself in the mirror. If this is a couple, then they are passionate about each other: they clean their feathers, kiss, flirt.
Outside, budgerigars fly a lot, so at home they need to be released more often. The bird should regularly stretch its wings and maintain its physical shape. This will allow her to stay healthy longer. When releasing a bird, it is necessary to ensure its safety: close the windows, turn off the gas on the stove, warn the housekeepers to see where they are sitting.
If you have time, you can play with the wavy. These birds quickly get carried away with a variety of games, and any item can become a toy for them: a pencil, an elastic band for hair, a spoon, etc.
You can tame absolutely any budgerigar. And if someone has a wild or aggressive bird, then the owners themselves are to blame. Taming is necessary from a very young age - from 3-4 months. By this time, they are already completely independent birds that can live without a mother.
- Bringing the bird home, you need to give it a couple of days to master. Let the whole time be quiet in the apartment, and you, passing the cage, stop and talk with the wavy in a calm tone.
- On the third day, you can open the cage, step aside and watch the parrot. If the bird becomes interested and starts to go out, it means that she is used to it. If while sitting in a corner, give her a couple more days.
- As soon as the wavy leaves the cage, quietly go up to it and stretch out a treat (sunflower seed, apple). Did the parrot take food from your hands? Wonderful! Not? Then wait again. Let him get comfortable, flying around the apartment.
- Gradually, you can substitute the bird's palm so that it sits on it. If you do everything calmly and measuredly, without sudden movements, then after 1-2 weeks the parrot will begin to fly to you on the sofa or at the computer table.
One budgerigar is still bored, even if people constantly play with it. And if you are rarely at home, then your pet will definitely need a friend. Some owners do not start a second budgie, because they do not want to engage in chicks. But you can get two same-sex birds! If you intentionally start a pair of wavy to breed chicks, pay attention to the bird's wax. This is a small growth over the beak. Simply put, "nose." If the wax is brown, before you is a female, and if blue or blue - a male.
Budgerigars are monogamous. But breeders recommend immediately buying two birds that grew in one flock, so that they definitely did not give up on each other. Although domestic wavy seldom behave obstinately towards a new friend or girlfriend, therefore, the risks of remaining without bird offspring are small.
In captivity, budgies are quite active. But in addition to heat, light, food and water, one more condition is needed - a house. The female will not allow the male to come until she equips the nest in a place hidden from prying eyes. Wing nesting houses are sold in pet stores and resemble birdhouses: a wooden or plastic box with a hole.
The dimensions of the house should be at least 30 * 30 * 30. If it is less spacious, the female can destroy part of the offspring, so that the rest of the chicks would be comfortable. The bottom of the house is covered with sawdust or hay. You can add flowers of medicinal chamomile, which will serve as a prophylaxis for infecting the female and chicks with parasites.
Eggs and chicks
A female budgerigar can lay up to 6 eggs. All this time she will sit in the house and crawl out only occasionally - for feeding. Although some especially caring males fly into the house and feed the brood hen. You can’t get eggs, otherwise the female may refuse to hatch. Check offspring through the removed top cover of the house. If the eggs lie for more than 3 weeks, they are empty.
A small bird can not always cope with the warming of a large number of eggs, so it is necessary to maintain optimal temperature. If the room is cool, you need to warm the house outside with a lamp. And no drafts.
Lactating female and grown chicks should be fed with cereals in the water: millet, wheat, barley. When the kids are 1.5 months old, they will begin to crawl out of the house. As soon as the last chick leaves the nest, the house needs to be cleaned. Otherwise, parents can immediately take up the following brood. The female needs to gain strength at least for six months.
It is impossible not to fall in love with budgies. If these charming birds once appear in the apartment, then people start them constantly. Cheerful tweets, perky disposition and friendliness perfectly brighten up loneliness and cheer up. You only need to properly feed the wavy and ensure their safety.
Disease and Prevention
The health of budgies should come first. When keeping them at home, they can sometimes have serious illnesses that can lead to the death of a pet.To help the bird, you should know the types of diseases and how to treat them.
- Scabies mite
With this ailment, holes arise in the area of the waxen. The bird arrives in a nervous state, constantly itching with its beak and paws. To eliminate this disease, the bird should be regularly treated with a special tool that can be purchased at a veterinary pharmacy or pet store.
Parrots can develop worms that parasitize in the intestinal area. The main symptoms are lethargy, poor plumage, weight loss. Parasites often get along with poor-quality food. In order for the budgerigar to not be infected with helminths, it is important to follow proper care, only fresh and high-quality food is required for nutrition. If you are infected with helminths, you should contact your veterinarian.
They arise in birds because of their stay in drafts, with hypothermia. During a cold, a parrot sneezes, coughs, and a runny nose appears. Treatment is carried out with the help of warming.
- Gastrointestinal Disorders
Manifest when feeding poor-quality feed. During these ailments, the bird becomes lethargic, lethargic, it develops loose and frequent stools. To improve the condition, a feathered pet should be given easily digestible food and B vitamins.
Where to buy a budgie?
It is best to buy budgies in specialized pet stores. They sell healthy birds that have passed all the necessary examinations and received vaccinations. In these places you can offer a thoroughbred bird without any problems in the pedigree. In addition, a convenient and suitable cell will be attached to it.
If you want to have a budgie at home, then you can take it with you. Typically, advertisements sell birds cheaply, but they can sometimes have health problems. They are also sold in nurseries, in the bird market and by the breeders themselves.
But in any case, before acquiring a budgerigar, it is worthwhile to study all its important features and rules of detention beforehand. Despite the fact that he is considered an unpretentious bird, it is still important to ensure convenience and comfort for the feathered pet when living at home. It is necessary to think over everything - choose a suitable cage, carry out its arrangement, install drinking bowls, feeders and other important attributes. Do not forget about communication and caring for a parrot, this is what is considered an important basis for his full-fledged stay.
What you need to know before buying
Before acquiring a domestic feathered friend, you need to set yourself up for the fact that while caring for budgies you will have to face difficulties.
Birds wake up early - with the first rays of the sun, so floods are already audible at 5 - 7 in the morning. Ask yourself: are you ready to wake up daily at such a time?
Parrots are not indifferent to indoor plants, especially climbing ones. They bite the leaves, delve into the ground, climb the stems. Noisy birds can not sit for a minute in one place, so you will need to collect scattered feathers, husk from seeds and other garbage throughout the house.
How to prepare for the appearance of a parrot in the house
In order to establish friendly relations between the owner and the pet, it is better to choose a two-month-old chick. At a young age, the bird does not have a negative experience, is gullible and open to people. It is much easier to take care of such a wavy parrot, because it is a pleasant concern, not a duty. First of all, you need a cozy house in which it is convenient and safe. It is necessary to buy a cage in advance, fill it with accessories, put it in a secluded place. Organized space is the first and most important feature of care and maintenance.
Choosing a place for the cell
An important point in keeping a budgerigar at home is the appointment of a permanent place for the cage. It is not recommended to place it near heating appliances, in direct sunlight and in a draft. The proximity of a TV, computer, or kitchen appliance is a negative factor. The birds are badly affected by noise, electromagnetic radiation.
You can hang the cage on the ceiling or put in a lit place. For example, on a shelf, desk, nightstand. Lighting for parrots should be sufficient to withstand the regime of day and night. If there is not enough natural light, you need to install a UV lamp nearby.
Parrots are thermophilic birds; they cannot tolerate cold and damp. The temperature of the content should be comfortable for the pet, body temperature depends on this. It is necessary to monitor the lighting and microclimate. The optimum air temperature for the budgerigar is +20 ° C, humidity - at least 60%. In summer, the cage can be exposed to the balcony for a short while so that the bird warms itself in the sun, and at the same time receives a portion of vitamin D.
A favorable climate for a parrot is not only warm, humid air, but also the absence of drafts. Experienced owners know how to care for a parrot so that it does not catch a cold. You can’t do without airing the room, because oxygen is necessary. While the window is open, the parrot should be moved to another room.
The nutrition of small birds consists of plant foods.
The basis of the diet is cereals and seeds:
It is convenient to buy factory grain mixtures if budgerigars live at home: this makes maintenance and maintenance cheaper.
In addition to grain, you should give fresh vegetables: zucchini, cabbage, grated beets, carrots. In the menu you need to include additional feed. Once every ten days you can give a hard-boiled egg, finely chopped. To diversify the diet, fruits are added two to three times a week: citrus fruits, pears, peaches. It is better to give the apple slices, fixing it between the bars in the cage.
It is necessary to monitor the presence of water. Rinse the drinker daily and then pour clean water into it. It is recommended to add a drop of lemon juice as a source of vitamin C. Macronutrients are necessary for the proper functioning of all body systems. Mineral powder is mixed into a dry cereal mixture. Stones and sepia have a dual function: the bird plucks and swallows hard pieces, while grinding off its beak and claws.
Cleaning and hygiene
An indispensable condition for caring for a parrot is hygiene. The cell needs to be cleaned daily: remove the bottom and rinse under running water. Do not use chemicals to wipe the pan. It is well cleaned with warm water. To facilitate cleaning and maintenance, you can pour river sand on the bottom or cover it with writing paper.
A more thorough cleaning is required weekly: having transplanted the bird into the transport cage, remove the devices, clean and wash the cage. Rinse with boiling water, then wipe dry. It is also important to keep clean drinking bowls, toys, and perches. In the corner of the cage you need to constantly place a tree branch so that the bird can sharpen its beak.