Scheffler - a spectacular decorative evergreen plant. Due to its unusualness and attractiveness, culture is very much in demand. In addition, its positive properties are proved. For example, saturate the room with oxygen, air ions, have a relaxing effect. An article will tell about how the shufflers reproduce and care at home.
Scheffler plant characteristics
Belongs to the Araliev family. It is a tree, a shrub that is capable of growing in tropical forests up to 10 meters. In an apartment, the plant is much more compact: it usually reaches a height of 0.5-2.5 meters. Scheffler won the hearts of domestic florists for a long time. They grow it in many houses. Culture brings to the usual interior notes of the equatorial tropics. This picturesque plant is characterized by an abundance of bright foliage. It is palmately dissected. One leaf consists of 4-12 parts. Very similar to a holey umbrella or palm with spread fingers. The surface is bright. There are white or cream-yellow blotches.
The shoots are thin and long. Scheffler blooms with light nondescript flowers that are collected in panicles. After the flowering phase is completed, clusters of small berries are formed. However, indoors, a palm tree blooms extremely rarely. Read an article about the causes of yellowed leaves in Zamioculcas.
Common Sheffler Flower Varieties
There are about 200 species in the genus Scheffler. The plant adapts well to room conditions. But in order to increase the comfort of growth, the grower will have to make a lot of effort. Before you consider how to care for a shefflera at home, and what problems most often arise, you should characterize the varieties of this plant.
The most common types of shefflers are:
- Eight-leafed. Very spectacular. On petioles there are from 8 to 12 elongated leaflets with a pointed apex and veins of light tone. The leaves are leathery and shiny. Depending on age changes color. So, young plants are olive green, and older ones are green.
- Treelike or Scheffler arboricola. It is a Scheffler tree-like low tree with a branching erect trunk. The branches are green. But with age they acquire a light brown tone. Foliage reaches a length of 20 centimeters, pinnate-composite. There are cream, white and yellow spots.
- Star-shaped. It is characterized by long, reddish-brown petioles. The leaves are brilliant. There are olive-yellow, bright green and golden yellow tones. It all depends on the variety.
- Palmate. The culture is low. Foliage is cut into 10 parts. The edges are wavy. Variegated forms look very impressive.
In indoor floriculture, variegated forms of varietal hybrid forms with green leaves with spots, strokes and stains are especially popular. The following varieties are most often found in homes:
This is a tree type. Janine or Scheffler Gianni stands out among the mass of other varieties. The plant looks very attractive. Foliage is very bright and expressive. There are dark stains, blotches, arranged in a chaotic order. In addition, the culture is unpretentious. So care for the flower of Scheffler Janine is not particularly difficult. The penumbra culture transfers calmly and does not change its color.
All problems that arise are usually related to the wrong content. For example, due to poor temperature conditions, inappropriate humidity levels, active dropping of leaves is often observed. But having adjusted all the parameters, the state of the culture immediately improves. So, if you timely identify and eliminate all errors in care, Gianni will delight with its beauty. Unfortunately, Scheffler Janine does not bloom. However, this cannot be called a drawback. After all, the plant looks luxurious and presentable. For which it is highly appreciated.
Amazes with its grace of sheffler Luseyana: its delicate delicate leaves of openwork do not leave anyone indifferent. The foliage is shiny and leathery. Sometimes mottled blotches of white or yellow color are present. There are spots under the influence of sunlight. In leaving the variety is not capricious. The main thing is to adhere to the advice and recommendations on the content.
Scheffler Gold Capella
Among the variegated forms, the Scheffler Gold Capella is especially popular, which is often used for apartment decoration and landscape design. The flower goes well with other domestic plants. Thanks to which there is a chance to create unique interior ensembles.
The leaves are rather fleshy, glossy. They are similar in shape to fingers apart. Blooms at home extremely rarely. It is better for the Gold Capella to choose places with diffused light. With a lack of lighting, the mottled crown becomes uniformly green.
Sheffler Charlotte was recently released, but has already managed to become in demand among landscape designers.
Foliage on the outside of a light green tone with a dark edge. And the reverse side is more saturated. The shape resembles an open outlet. Charlotte is widely used for landscaping office and residential buildings.
Sheffler Caster is appreciated for its decorative dimensions. If there is not enough space for a large palm tree, it makes sense to pay attention to this variety of shrubbery. For small apartments and houses, such a compact tree will be the best solution to bring a touch of exotic to the interior.
Sheffler Bianca is characterized by short leaves that reach a length of only 8 centimeters. Each sheet has a bezel and beige base. The edges are jagged. Requires a sheffler Bianca at home with minimal attention. It is necessary to organize regular and plentiful watering. And also every 2 weeks to make complex fertilizers. The optimal room temperature is + 18-22 degrees.
Simplicity also differs in the care of Shefflera Gerda at home, which is why this variety is chosen very often for apartments. Preferred shrub diffused lighting. At home, a tree is capable of reaching heights from 50 centimeters to 2.5 meters. It all depends on the growing conditions. Gerda's foliage is quite mottled. The color ranges from white-green to yellow-green.
Simple care for Shefflera Nora at home and elegant foliage are two important features for which gardeners highly appreciate and love this variety. The leaves are dark green in color, long. There are notches at the edges. There are blotches of yellow. Crohn is quite magnificent.
Features of growing and propagating crops at home
In principle, all types of Scheffler need to create the same conditions of detention. True, sometimes there are some differences between different varieties. Observing the general recommendations for care, there is every chance to grow a luxurious palm tree at home.
Sheffler can be purchased at the store. Or, as an option, try to grow a whole plant yourself. To do this, use different methods. Get the culture in one of these ways:
- Propagation by cuttings. Before planting, they are treated with a special hormonal powder. Planting is carried out in moist soil, consisting of sand and peat. Cover with a glass jar. Maintain a temperature of +20 to +22 degrees.
- From the appendix or leaf. In this case, in the spring, a small incision is made on the trunk. Wrap it with wet moss. Top cover with a film. It is important to keep the moss wet. After two months, roots appear. In this case, the top with the roots is cut off. Planted in a container.
- From the seeds. Schefflers are planted in early spring: in early March. Then she will take root much better. And before the onset of the winter period of rest, it will be enough to get stronger enough. Soil is usually bought at a flower shop. Mixtures for palm trees or ficuses are suitable. Some prepare the soil on their own. To do this, use river sand, turf and sheet land.
The culture is quite large. Therefore, after a while, the shufflers are transplanted into more spacious containers. Young plants are transplanted once every couple of years in the spring season. Apply for this special soil mixture. A palm tree grows well in hydroponics.
The state of culture largely depends on care. An important part of care is lighting. The tree is very photophilous. However, the scorching rays of the sun and heat can not stand. To low light, low temperatures, it is able to adapt. However, it loses its gloss. It is advisable to place the plant near the windows of the eastern or western direction, away from heating appliances.
The optimal temperature is considered an indicator of + 17-22 degrees. Periodically, the sheffler needs to be sprayed from the spray gun. Irrigate sparingly and regularly. The earth must be constantly moist. Although palm and hygrophilous, it is impossible to fill it.
Shefflers are also trimmed at home to shape the crown. The procedure is carried out in the spring, before the shrub enters the phase of activity. To turn tall varieties into bush varieties, you need to shorten them by half the growth, and then annually perform a shaping haircut. The shape of the crown is given gradually, over a long time. Cardinal pruning can only do harm.
The most common shefflera diseases are: falling leaves, darkening, stains. The leaves turn yellow and fall often due to the high temperature in the room, with excessive irrigation and stagnation of water, as well as if the temperature indicators are below normal.
You can often notice brown spots on leaf blades. The reason for their formation is a sunburn. Too dry air also leads to darkening and decay of green vegetation. Sometimes this condition also occurs in the presence of a deficiency of trace elements in the soil.
The leaves also turn black due to rotting of the roots as a result of excessive irrigation and low temperature in the apartment. Overly dense soil can also contribute to this condition. Sometimes the flower grower notices that the trunk and leaves begin to curl and deform. The most common reason for this is a lack of light.
Conclusions about growing shefflers
Thus, Scheffler is a tropical evergreen plant that is actively used in landscape gardening. Such palm trees are often grown in apartments, office premises. Moreover, the culture in height does not exceed 0.5-2.5 meters. Sheffler looks very impressive. The main thing is to properly care for her. There are different types and varieties. At the moment, about 200 types are known. The most popular ones include Mix, Custer, Gold Capella and Charlotte. A lot of useful information in the article: How do Phalaenopsis orchids reproduce at home?
Scheffler flower description
The plant is common in the tropics and subtropics, in South and Southeast Asia. In natural conditions, it can reach a height of more than 15 meters, and at home, the graceful shefler Melanie does not exceed 50 cm.
Scheffler tree in nature
A flowering plant looks very beautiful, it throws a fountain of reddish flowers at the top. Of course, you can admire this spectacle either in the homeland of the shefflers, or in the picture, since at home it does not bloom.
Shefflers have beautiful, dissected leaves. They look especially impressive with the number of sheet plates over twelve. The sheet can be simple, smooth, wavy and with a serrated edge. The color of the leaf can be light green, saturated dark, variegated.
Variety of species
There are several hundred species of shefflers. Each of the species has several varieties. Some of them, such as Charlotte (a species of wood shefflera), are bred recently. A variety of variegated species does not leave indifferent any of the lovers of indoor floriculture.
Spots on the leaves can range from pearl white to golden yellow. Sheffler looks particularly impressive in offices because of the shape of the sheet.
Now in the flower departments appear such forms as Sheffler Compact intertwined. Three or more plants are planted in one pot, gradually braiding their trunks.
Scheffler Compact bound
Another popular form was the shefflers bonsai. Dwarf plants look beneficial in any interior.
Woody or woody
It grows in its homeland, in Taiwan, like a 3-4 meter bush. The sheet has 7-9 "rays". In nature - this unpretentious and evergreen shrub is distinguished by a huge variety of species. Among them there are large specimens reaching a height of 1 meter in indoor conditions, and “babies,” such as Custer.
It is named for the number of sheet plates, most often there are eight. Although, it happens that this species also has seven or nine leaves in the outlet. In the wild, Asian countries, grows into a huge tree up to 16 meters. In room conditions, its dimensions are limited to 70-90 cm. Sometimes it is called an eight-leaf.
Another name is stellate-leaved, since its leaves can simultaneously resemble a palm with spread fingers and a star with many slightly jagged ends. The birthplace of this wonderful view is Australia. There it grows like an epiphyte, braiding its roots around a tree.
Height can be 9-12 meters , and huge leaves reach 60 cm in length. The leaves of the stellate leaf sheffler has a serrated edge. It looks decorative, and in combination with an elongated sheet shape and a slight variability on the edge - just amazing.
Veich Shefflers leaves form a rosette of assembled leaf plates. Each leaf has a small undulation and a serrated edge, which looks very impressive. At a young age, the leaves have a slightly reddish hue, over time it changes to green. The plant looks very unusual due to the shape of the leaves.
The most graceful
There is another name for this species - Elegant dizigoteka. It differs from other Scheffler in narrow leaf blades. It looks really elegant: jagged waterfall 1 cm wide and 20-30 centimeters long. Although there are other varieties in which the leaf is wider and shorter.
Homeland - New Zealand, where is she grows higher than 3 meters . Like all kinds of sheffler loves the sun very much. The name comes from the resemblance of this sheffler to the fingers. Although there can be not only five leaves, but also 7, 9 and more.
Cirrus edge, while the plant is young, then pronounced teeth are formed. One of the varieties of palmate shefflera is Amate, the most shade-tolerant, since at home it grows in the shade of dense forests.
In the genus of shufflers, there are more than 200 varieties. Not all Sheffler representatives are suitable for growing at home, since many of them in nature can grow up to 40 meters. Home plants are much more miniature, but with good care they can easily grow to the ceiling.
The flower tolerates forming pruning well, so the flower grower can give your plant absolutely any shape.Caring for a shefflera is quite simple, so even beginner gardeners will be able to cope with this unusual plant, growing a beautiful specimen to the envy of everyone.
Scheffler species and varieties
Scheffler Gold Capella - It is a cultivated form of a tree-shaped shefflera grown as a house plant. The homeland of the shefflers of this species is Southeast Asia. The plant is a small tree with a straight trunk that resembles a palm tree. The height of the flower reaches 120 centimeters. It has lush, bright green foliage with golden spots.
Scheffler Nora - is a room variety of plants, which is distinguished by elegant leaf cover and unpretentiousness in care. The flower has long and narrow leaf blades of green hue with bright yellow dots. The edges of the leaves are decorated with smooth teeth. Scheffler has a lush crown and dense foliage.
Scheffler Jeanine - It has all the advantages of its kind and is as unpretentious in care as the other shufflers. Among others, it is distinguished by elegant, motley foliage. Dark green leaf plates are diluted with light specks and stains. Jeanine normally belongs to the shade and does not lose the diversity of the color of her leaves.
Scheffler Gerd - differs in simplicity in leaving. The plant will be comfortable on the windowsill with diffused lighting. It reaches a height of 50 centimeters to 2.5 meters. He needs a moist and fertile soil. The leaf plates of the plant are variegated, having a pale green or yellow-green color.
Scheffler Louisiana - the most elegant representative of a kind. It has openwork, leathery, shiny sheet plates with unusual decorativeness and a colorful green-yellow hue.
This variety differs from the rest in shorter leaves, which reach up to 8 centimeters in length. Each leaf plate has a white border and beige blotches at the base. Due to the contrast of dark and light shades, decorative notches that adorn the edges of the leaves become almost invisible.
Scheffler Tree (Scheffler Arboricola) - is a flowering shrub, the birthplace of which is considered to be China. In nature, it has a straight trunk and reaches a height of up to 4 meters. The plant has complex, palmate, large leafy plates of a light green hue.
Scheffler Custer - the plant has decorative dimensions, so it will be an ideal option for growing in an apartment. In height, it reaches up to 120 centimeters and has dark green, leathery, shiny medium-sized sheet plates.
Scheffler the Radiant (sheffler stellate) - is the most common type of plant. In nature, a sheffler reaches a height of 15 meters and can have one or two trunks. When growing a tree at home, it will grow up to 2.5 meters in height. It has dark green, leathery, shiny, large sheet plates with serrations at the ends. Sheffler blooms in small red inflorescences.
It is one of the smallest species. Her homeland is Asia, China and Australia. The plant has several trunks on which are palm-complex leaves with a green color and yellowish or white spots.
Scheffler Amate - the plant can grow up to 2.5 meters in length and has shiny, large, cirrus, waxy leaf blades of a dark green hue. The flower is resistant to pests and tolerates shade, so it is suitable for apartments with windows facing north.
Scheffler Melanie - refers to the genus of tree-shaped sheffler. In height, it can reach up to 1.5 meters. It has a lush crown with olive, shiny, large leafy plates with dark green stains. The plant is unpretentious in care, so it suits beginner gardeners.
Scheffler Variegated - this plant grows up to 1.5 meters in length and has dark green cirrus leafy plates with olive stains and interspersed. She is unpretentious in leaving and practically is not subject to attack of wreckers.
The plant of this variety is distinguished by its unusual decorative leaves, which are large in size and have a dark green hue with yellow spots and notches along the edges. The flower is unpretentious in care and suitable for growing in apartments and offices.
Scheffler Charlotte - This species was bred relatively recently. The plant has unusual leaf plates, the outer part of which has a light shade, the edges are decorated with a dark green edging, and the back of the leaf plates has a rich dark green hue. The plant resembles a palm tree, is easy to care for and has high decorative qualities.
Scheffler's eight-leafed - This species of plant in the wild grows in China, India and Japan. The height of the tree reaches up to 2 meters. Its leaves are covered with small, bright needles, which fall over time. Each leaf has eight large, green oval-shaped leaf blades.
Scheffler palm - The birthplace of the plant is New Zealand. In nature, it grows in tropical forests, where it reaches a height of 8 meters. Its leaf plate is divided into 7 parts that resemble the fingers of a human hand. Leaves have pointed edges and a dark green hue.
Inflorescences of this variety shefflers have panicled shape. They are quite large and reach a diameter of up to 40 centimeters. After the plant fades, the fruits that tropical birds eat appear in place of the flowers. Scheffler is listed in the Red Book, as local residents sell young shrubs to tourists, thereby reducing its number.
Scheffler home care
Scheffler is very photophilous. In late autumn, the plant should be moved to the windowsill overlooking the south side of the house. There it should be until spring. In summer, the plant needs shading so that direct sunlight does not fall on it.
If there is little light in an apartment or house, then it is better to choose those varieties of shefflers that tolerate shade well and have green foliage. Variegated varieties in this case will not work, since they need a lot of light to preserve decorative features. In summer, the plant must be taken outside, placing it on the shaded area.
Sheffler will be comfortable if the florist in the room provides her with high humidity, although she can adapt to normal humidity. The plant needs regular sprinkling, which is carried out by warm, standing water.
The tree will grow well and grow at room temperature. In the winter season, temperature indicators should not fall below + 12 degrees. There should be no drafts in the room with the shefflera, nor can it be placed next to the battery. However, small temperature differences will benefit the plant.
Heptopleurum is also a representative of the Araliaceae family. It is grown when leaving at home without much hassle, if you follow the rules of agricultural technology. You can find all the necessary recommendations in this article.
Water the tree should be systematic, not too wet soil. The best solution for irrigation is water at room temperature. It must be ensured that the earth does not dry out.
In winter, when the plant is at rest, watering should be reduced. It is impossible to allow waterlogging of the earth to the mixture, its acidification and stagnation of water, otherwise the sheffler will die.
Types and varieties of shefflers
The genus of this tree has about six hundred representatives. Some of them are suitable for growing indoors. These plants are loved by many amateur growers, because they look very impressive and easy to maintain. Domesticated varieties differ in leaf texture (from smooth along the edges to serrated) and color (from a uniform green tint to an almost uniform lemon). Such trees grow up to one and a half to two meters. Here are some of the most sought after species of this amazing plant:
Schefflera stellate (Schefflera actinophylla)
This is one of the most common varieties of this plant. Previously, the tree had a different name - radiant brassiae and belonged to an independent genus of the same name. The plant has a straight trunk, glossy leaves slightly twisted at the edges, divided into 10-15 “fingers”. The variety includes such popular varieties as:
Nova Leaf plates of a pale lemon hue, have a jagged edge, look like oak.
Green Gold. Such a sheffler has a mustard tint.
Schefflera graceful (Schefflera elegantissima)
This is one of the most unusual and exotic varieties of Scheffler. Most plant growers are familiar with it under a different name - the dizigoteka is the most elegant, and the people called the tree a false castor. This plant is very elegant and massive (up to 2 meters). Elegant carved emerald green leaves are cut into 9-13 pointed, elongated to 35 cm pieces. The trunk of the tree is straight, grayish in color, often spotted. Unlike its counterparts, a disigote library requires more careful care. In turn, the Scheffler elegantissima is divided into several varieties:
Castor This variety has small but wider parts of three-fingered leaves.
Bianka (Bianka). It is distinguished by a lighter color, a cream strip passes along the edges.
Gemini The leaves of this variety are rounded, dark green in color with a reddish strip in the center.
Schefflera wood (Schefflera arboricol)
One of the most common among amateur growers is a variety that has the separate name Heptopleurum arboricola. Such a plant, contrary to the name, resembles more a vine than a tree. To create a decorative composition, flower growers plant several such vines in one planting container, which, relying on a special support, look very beautiful. The main varieties:
Gold Capella (Gold Capella). It has bright green foliage with lemon yellow blotches.
Varyegata (Variegata). It has emerald green leaf plates with yellowish splashes.
Janine The leaves of this variety are rounded, bifurcated at the edges. Color - bright emerald with beige specks.
Amate. The difference between this variety is that it is less susceptible to attacks by various pests and less demanding on light.
Feature - the sheet plate has a wavy edge. At a young age, the crown is dominated by a reddish tint, and at an older age it is greenish. This variety of shefflers prefers bright light, so it is advisable to place it in the most lit place.
Rules for the care of a shefflera in a room
One of the reasons why most plant growers choose a sheffler for breeding is not only an elegant and very decorative look, but also ease of maintenance. This beautiful flower in an apartment or office does not require any special conditions. In addition, from the whole variety of varieties, you can easily choose the plant that is suitable for the conditions of a particular room.
Air temperature and lighting shefflers
Despite the fact that sheffler comes from the warm tropics, she has a negative attitude to the hot air. She will feel herself best at temperatures from +15 to + 23 ° C. Variegated varieties are more thermophilic: it is undesirable to keep them at a temperature below 18 ° C, otherwise the plant may lose its decorative qualities.
Almost all shefflers are very photophilous. This is especially true for variegated varieties of flower. But at the same time, the light should not be direct: such rays are harmful to the plant. Thus, in one-color varieties, any direction except the south is suitable, and variegated - any except the north. Is it possible to take a flower to fresh air in the warm season? The opinions of experts differ, but many flower growers believe that it is possible, but not to place it in drafts and sunshine.
Humidity and watering Schefflers
For all types of Scheffler watering is very important, especially in the summer months. Watering the tree should be plentiful, but do not allow water to stagnate in the pan: this can lead to root rot. Water should be soft (settled or rain), a little warm. In the summer, watered about three times a week. To understand whether a flower needs watering is simple, just look at the top layer of the soil: if it has dried up, it's time to water it. Interestingly, variegated varieties require less fluid than plain ones. In cool months, the soil in the pot should not be too wet. The amount and frequency of watering is reduced.
Humidity is very important for most Scheffler, and all year round. The leaves of the plant should often be sprayed with soft rain, melt or standing water at room temperature. An alternative option for moisturizing can be a container with pebbles or expanded clay (sometimes sphagnum or any other moss is used instead of pebbles).
Transplanting and breeding shefflers
Schefflers are transplanted as needed. Young seedlings require a pot change about once every 12 months, and adults - every few years. Suitable for this time of year is spring or autumn. The landing capacity is chosen a couple of sizes larger, a drainage layer is placed on the bottom without fail. For very mature trees, it is often enough to refresh the topsoil in a pot (about 6 cm).
If necessary, shefflers periodically prune. This is necessary so that the bush has a more accurate and decorative appearance. This tree propagates in three main ways: cuttings, layering and seed material.
The inconvenience of this method is that it is impossible to predict whether a plant similar to the mother will turn out from them. The material is soaked in a warm solution of a growth stimulant, then planted in the soil. Landing is carried out in the winter season.
Propagation by layering
This method is good for large trees and is carried out in early spring. To do this, a small incision is made on the trunk, after which it is covered with moss soaked with phytohormone. On top, the “compress” is covered with a film and moistened as it dries. Usually, after such a procedure, roots appear under the dressing for a month. After 60 days, the top together with fresh roots is trimmed and planted in a separate container. The remaining trunk is cut off completely, not forgetting to give the plant proper care. After some time, new shoots will go from the root.
Soil and fertilizer
A plant needs light, nutritious soil, you can buy a special mixture in a store for gardeners. Nutrient soil is often suitable for exotic plants. For self-preparation of the soil you will need one part of sand, humus, sheet soil and 2 parts of turf soil. A drainage layer is necessarily placed at the bottom.
The tree is fertilized year-round with a frequency of about once a month. Top dressing is suitable universal, rich in microelements, or for decorative and deciduous flowers. The composition is applied to the wet soil after watering.
Diseases and pests shefflers
Despite the fact that the Scheffler plant is unpretentious in terms of content, it is nevertheless susceptible to some diseases. This is due to violations of the rules for growing a flower. Here are some common problems:
The plant intensively drops leaves. Reasons: low temperature and excessive watering (or, conversely, insufficient), lack of light.
Root rot. Too intense watering.
Pale leaf color. Little light.
Light spots on plain flower varieties.An excess of sunlight, you need to shade the plant.
Yellow or brown dry spots. Burns from the sun, it is necessary to shade a flower.
Stunted growth. Withering leaves. Lack of nutrients.
Dry brown edges on the leaves. Excessively dry indoor air.
The plant is also attacked by pests such as mealybugs, spider mites and scale insects. If signs of these insects are found, the tree must be isolated from other flowers and treated with a soap solution. If this method does not help, store insecticides are used.
Shefflera Care Tips
Scheffler is appreciated primarily for its decorative qualities. Therefore, acquiring a flower, you need to carefully examine it. The leaves of a healthy tree should be bright and glossy.
To maintain the beauty of the plant, it is periodically sprayed with a special shine.
When pruning and transplanting, it is advisable to use gloves and wash your hands thoroughly with soap: all parts of the plant are somewhat poisonous.
The plant is useful not only because it releases a lot of oxygen, but also because it cleans the energy of the room well.
This species grows only in Western China. In nature, in wild forests, it grows up to 2-3 meters. This species is interesting in that the leaves are similar to our oak, although they are connected as well as in the rest of the Scheffler.
His homeland is the forests of Western China. Height in nature 2-3 meters . The leaves are very beautiful, the plate resembles an oak leaf. It prefers slight dimming; otherwise, this species is grown in the same way as other species of shufflers.
Therefore, it is better to put it in a room or office, in a word, where children and pets will be under control. It is advisable that this is not the north side. It is best that the windows face the southeast or southwest.
This plant is easy enough to grow indoors
Depending on the species, conditions close to natural are created for her. Do not forget that all extremes are fatal to shefflers:
- too hot above 30 o C,
- draft (not tolerated)
- cold (below 10 ° C)
- direct sunlight.
In such conditions, the Scheffler begins to hurt, and then dies. To prevent this from happening, create comfortable conditions for her and spray her daily.
Features of temperature and light conditions
One of the most important features of shefflera care is the temperature regime. Create her an optimum temperature, 16-22 o C then all other problems (overflow, illness) will be easier to cope with. A strong plant tolerates disease much more easily than a sick and weakened one.
Scheffler grows well and develops at normal room temperature
The lowest threshold for Schefflera is 10-12 ° C, otherwise the roots rot. If you want to create a comfortable environment, then do not forget about the light.
Soil for shefflers
The soil for the plant should be nutritious and light, only in such a substrate will it feel comfortable.
You can prepare the mixture yourself on the ground or purchase the finished land in the store, preferring soil for growing ficus. To prepare the soil at home, you need to take sod, humus and river sand in a ratio of 2: 1: 1.
Having prepared the earth mixture, you should choose the right pot for the plant. Everything will depend on the age of the plant. For example, small pots or even plastic cups are suitable for seedlings.
But, when the roots grow, they should be transferred together with the earth into a pot with a diameter of 9 centimeters, and in the fall, transplant into pots 12 centimeters in diameter. With each subsequent transplant, the diameter of the pot must be increased by 3-5 centimeters.
A young tree should be transplanted in the first year of its life. This is crucial for proper growth and development in the future. Before transplanting, you should choose a suitable pot size and prepare the soil.
Then at the bottom of the pot you need to put a drainage layer of gravel or expanded clay. On top of the drainage, a layer of soil should be poured and the root system of the plant placed on it slightly brushing it off the ground. After that, gently fill the remaining space in the pot with earth and mix lightly to eliminate the void formed in the pot. After the transplant, the Scheffler needs to be watered abundantly.
An adult tree should be replanted every five years. If the plant is very large, then the transplant is carried out very carefully, by moving the shefflers into a new pot along with an earthen lump.
Fertilizer for Schefflers
In order for the plant to grow beautiful and healthy, it must be fertilized. Feeding is carried out with liquid fertilizers for indoor flowers. The frequency of fertilizer application will depend on the time of year. During the dormant period from late autumn to early spring, the plant is fertilized once a month, the rest of the time - once every 15–20 days.
The concentration of ready-to-feed supplements may not always satisfy the needs of the plant. For this reason, experienced growers recommend being safe, diluting fertilizer in a lower concentration and fertilizing the tree twice as often. Dry fertilizers for shefflers are not suitable.
Scheffler cropping and shaping
Pruning of the flower is carried out with the aim of forming a lush crown and reducing the vertical size of fast-growing plant varieties. The first pruning should be done when the young plant is a little older. For this purpose, it is necessary to shorten the apical branches by 4 internodes. Cut branches best with a sharp secateurs. Sections must be treated with activated carbon.
After the lateral branches grow, you can begin to form a spherical crown, cutting off the tops of the branches. The cuttings obtained by trimming can be used for reproduction. It should be noted that pruning greatly weakens the Scheffler, so it must be done in several stages.
General description of the plant
The Schefflera Arboricola is a miniature version of the Shefflera the Radiant. In nature, this evergreen plant reaches 8–9 meters in height (Radiant grows up to 15 meters). Young shoots are green; they become brown as they become stiff. Complex leaves consist of 7–9 parts, each of which can reach 20 cm in length and 4 cm in width.
In domestic plants grows up to 2 meters. Breeders have bred many varieties of this plant, differing in the shape and color of the leaves. Among the popular ones are the Gold Chapel (with golden spots on the leaves), Hong Kong, Compacta and others.
The photo shows the plant with proper care at home:
Scheffler in the winter
In winter, shefler rests from active growth. At this time, it is not recommended to feed her so that she does not stretch. The exception is the rare top dressing with ash at the norm. Nitrogen fertilizers should be excluded.
The plant is cleaned from heating appliances. It is necessary to spray occasionally and always with water at room temperature.
Actions after the purchase
Young “Schefflers” are usually sold in thin plastic containers with peat or other light substrates. You can give the plant a few days to get used to the new conditions, and then you need to transplant it into a larger pot with a thick layer of drainage and suitable soil.
They grow best under diffused but bright light. Direct sun can cause burns on the leaves, so it is best to place the plant on the east or west side.
Adjustable blinds can be installed on the window to protect leaves and soil from drying out. If wintering takes place in a warm room where the temperature is above 17–18 ° C, additional lighting will be needed, it is preferable to install fluorescent lamps.
Transplant and soil
It is best to transplant "Sheffler" in the spring, young plants require a transplant every 2 yearsand more adults every 4–5 years.
Light soil with a slightly acidic reaction will be required.
Ready soil for palm trees or a mixture of turf and leafy soil, sand and humus (2: 1: 1: 1) is suitable.
Particular attention should be paid to the drainage layer - it should occupy at least a quarter of the height of the pot. Expanded clay is suitable as drainage.
After transplanting, you need to give the plant time to get used to the new land. After about a month, you can resume feeding.
Rapid growth can be inconvenient when kept in small rooms. If the plant has become too tall, you need to prune, removing the top of the shoot with a growth point.
This will give an impetus to the branching of “Schefflers” and will not allow it to grow too much. The resulting stalk can be rooted. The optimal time for trimming is in early March.
If you want to give the plant a tree shape, you need to remove the lower side leaves.
Benefit and harm
"Sheffler Treelike" refers to weakly poisonous plants. However, it is unlikely that an adult can do harm. As a safety measure, you can wash your hands after pruning the plant and avoid getting its juice in your eyes.
At the first signs of poisoning (vomiting, diarrhea, anxiety), you must show the pet to the veterinarian.
In a well-lit, spacious room, the “Scheffler Tree” quickly grows into a beautiful tall plant. It is worth paying a little attention to it to protect it from drought and pests, and the open palm of the leaves will delight the eye with its bright glossy greens all year long.
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Scheffler in winter
The plant dormancy period begins in late autumn and lasts until spring. At this time, all processes are slowed down by the shefflers and it stops growing. Accordingly, her care is changing.
During this period, the tree should be moved to a bright room with a temperature of at least + 12 degrees. Watering and sprinkling should be minimized, as well as fertilizing.
Shefflers propagation by cuttings
For cuttings, shoots are selected, from which the stems are already partially stiffened and cut off. Then they are treated with drugs that stimulate the growth of the root system. After processing, the cuttings are placed in a mixture of peat and sand.
In order for the planting material to take root, in the room where it is located, the temperature should not be below + 22 degrees. When the shoots take root, the temperature regime is changed, reducing to +18 degrees.
After the root system has grown sufficiently, is strong and takes up the entire pot, young plants can be transplanted. You can also germinate the root system on the cuttings with water. For this purpose, the shoots are placed in cups with warm water and wait until they take root.
After the root system is sufficiently developed for planting in the soil, the plants are transplanted into separate pots for continuous cultivation.
Scheffler from seeds at home
The procedure should begin in the second half of winter. Seed is placed in peat to a depth of 3 to 5 centimeters. After planting, it is necessary to water the soil, cover it with foil and ensure a temperature of + 22 to + 24 degrees.
From time to time, the film must be removed by airing and spraying the crops. When the first leaves begin to appear, the sprouts are transplanted into separate cups and left in the room at 19-20 degrees.
Shefflers breeding by air layering
To use this method of reproduction, a small incision is made in the outer layer of the trunk, the resulting scar is covered with wet sphagnum, which should be constantly moistened. Then the trunk is wrapped in polyethylene.
Two months later, roots appear at the incision site. The layering is carefully trimmed and transplanted into a separate pot.
Scheffler leaf propagation
This breeding method is suitable for experienced gardeners. To get planting material, a large leaf plate should be torn from an adult plant and placed in a solution of a growth stimulator. Then the workpiece must be put in a warm place and covered with polyethylene.
After three weeks, the polyethylene layer should be gradually removed, reducing temperature indicators to 20 degrees. When the leaf adapts, it needs to be transplanted into a prepared pot with drainage and substrate.
Which of the methods of reproduction to choose, each grower will decide for himself.
This is the most common type of breeding. For him, semi-lignified shoots are chosen, about a pencil thick. On prepared cuttings leave 2-4 kidneys (leaf). The lower leaf plate is removed, the upper ones are cut in half. Some gardeners make an oblique cut to increase the rooting surface.
You can dip the bottom cut into Kornevin powder or another stimulant. The stalk is planted obliquely in a pot with a loose and moist substrate mixed with sand. Pack up a package to create a moist atmosphere. But be sure to remove the bag from time to time to ventilate the plant.
Amateur growers propagate the sheffler seeds to get a rare variety or for the sake of experiment. Seeds are sold in specialized flower shops. The best time to land is February-April.
Seed propagation start at the end of winter
Planted in a prepared loose substrate with the addition of river sand. Moisturize the seeds of the shefflers from the atomizer so as not to erode the seeds.
After the appearance of 2-3 leaves, the plants can be peaked.
Propagating by layering is very interesting. This method is used not only for the breeding of shefflers, but also for garden crops. On the selected shoot, its semi-lignified part, make a small incision or just remove a little bark.
Shefflers breeding by air layering
It is necessary to free the area where the roots will grow, but the branch itself is not cut. Around the shoot a little moss-sphagnum is wrapped and on top of it is polyethylene, which will fix the moss and prevent moisture from evaporating.
After a while, small roots will appear. Once they reach a length of 1 cm , you can gently separate the stalk and transplant it into a glass. At first, the glass is kept covered. You can close it with a plastic bag, you can - with another glass.
Leaves may turn yellow due to pests. In order to identify the disease in the early stages, examine the sheffler carefully at least 2 times a week. If something is wrong with the leaves: if they turn yellow, dry and curl, then try to give your plant a warm shower.
Yellow spots and dots on a shefler
To do this, you need to cover the earth with a film so that there is no excess moisture. Then direct a strong stream onto the leaves and wash them on both sides. Then wipe each sheet with a cloth soaked in a soap solution to remove pests.
If the physical method did not help, then try the chemical one. To do this, dilute Actellic or other means according to the instructions and spray your sheffler. It is necessary to spray when no one is at home, wearing a mask and gloves. After spraying, the room needs to be ventilated.
When the crown blackens, this can be called a very alarming symptom. So the plant dies. Usually black spots appear when the Scheffler has been in a draft for some time or at low temperatures. If you uploaded it, then this will speed up the process.
Roots begin to rot and to stop the death of the plant, you need to remove it from the pot, dry the roots. Then transplant in a new, larger, or plant back, changing the ground. Do not water for several days and keep at a temperature not lower than 15 degrees.
The most famous and most commonly grown plant species are as follows:
- sheffler's dusty
- eight-leaf shefler,
In the wild, the green space is not tall, but at home, on the contrary, it can reach a length of about 2.5 meters.
It belongs to the family of Aralia cultures. It has unusual and beautiful leaves that grow like a man’s hand, having one base with a few leaves-fingers on a tall stalk coming out of it. This plant is loved by flower growers for its unusual appearance and origin.
Blooming Scheffler is grown under special conditions that are created in botanical gardens. At home, to appreciate the beauty of this action is simply impossible.
Scheffler's eight-leaved (Schefflera octophylla)
In the inflorescence of this species, large leaves are located, which have dimensions reaching 40 centimeters. The surface of the leaves is glossy, veins of a light green hue, but some leaves stand out from the bunch in a more saturated shade. In a tropical climate, it grows in the form of a bush or tree with a height of 2 to 6 meters.
Arboreal (Schefflera arboricola)
It grows in the form of a small branchy plantation with leaves about 20 centimeters long. This species does not need a large flow of sunlight and tolerates the effects of pests more persistently. The leaves have a shiny surface and bright green color. This indoor flower resembles a palm tree and many flower growers give it an appearance close to bonsai.
If you meet this plant in the wild, then there will be no limit to surprise. It is represented by a large bush reaching four meters in length. By planting several trunks in one container, you can achieve a branching effect. The resulting connection looks very impressive and unique. The second name for this species is woody. But not a few lovers know this. After exploring this species, many replenish their collection of evergreens.
Known to the people as Janine. Like other unpretentious varieties, it has a bright appearance. On leaf blades there are inclusions and stains of lighter colors. Grows in a shaded or semi-shaded space.
Amount of light
- Most species prefer high light because of their origin. But the lighting should not burn the greens, since after such exposure the leaves die and fall. Some species prefer places with poorer light.
- During the cold season for the comfort of the plant, flower growers supplement the illumination with special lamps. Read about phytolamps for plants in this article.
At what temperature is the plant growing
- The temperature regime of the room in which the green space lives should not exceed 20 degrees.
- In cold weather, a reduction of the established norm by 2 degrees is permissible. Varieties with rich colors do not like such a decline, but also do not accept the increase. If you put a flower near the battery, you can lose its unusual beauty, as Scheffler will throw off the leaves.
- Only a developing plant should be transplanted once a year, and an adult once every several years.
- Pruning of leaves and extra shoots is also not always done, but only once every few years and if necessary.
- Propagated by a shefler or vegetatively, or by seeds. If green lovers managed to notice new shoots, then it is worth thinking about transplanting a young seedling when it gets stronger.
Thus, you can provide yourself with a large number of tropical plants, turning your home into an impassable jungle. Having dealt with the question “how to care for a shefflera”, we will pass on to third-party questions.
Benefit, Signs and Superstition
- Many people believe that a shefler is able to improve the microflora of a residential building, saving its residents from negative energy through absorption.
- In addition, greenery helps reduce aggression, anger and hatred for each other. But the "cleaning" begins to act only if the plant has reached 8 months of age.
- Life superstitions say that the first time you enter the acquired property is with a cat and a shefflera.
- Some determine the state of life and fortress of marriage by the appearance of the flower. If it is saturated with color and has many juicy and large leaves, then the marriage is strong and the couple love each other.
Signs are a rather unusual thing; not many people believe them, much less who follow them. But what is, that cannot be avoided!