On a fairly vast territory of the southern part of the United States, you can meet a small lizard - the Caroline anolis. He is known for being able to dramatically change his color from yellow to bright green. Males have a developed throat sac, which they are ready to demonstrate at any opportunity.
Caroline anolis or red-necked anolis (lat.Anolis carolinensis) (English American anole, Green anole, Carolina anole)
You can meet Caroline anolis in the south of the USA, in Mexico, in Cuba, Jamaica, Bahamas, Cayman and Moorish islands, etc. This lizard prefers tropical forests and highlands, as well as swamps and parks. Not afraid of a person and can live peacefully with him in the neighborhood. She spends most of her life in trees. It descends to the ground only during the breeding season and during the clash between males over the territory.
These anoles show the greatest activity during the day, and sleep at night, buried in the vegetation. They like to take sun baths very much.
Carolinsky anolis is a small 15-20-cm lizard in which the tail occupies almost 2/3 of the body length. The main color is green. But they can change it depending on mood, humidity level and ambient temperature. So, yellow or brown anoles can become bright green, and their abdomen changes color from light brown to silver-white.
The pride of the red-necked anolis is a developed red throat sac. In males, it is very well developed, but in females this skin fold is a little smaller. During the breeding season in males, the expanded bag serves as a kind of decoration to attract females. In addition, males flaunt them during a fight with the enemy.
Red neck bag
Most often, the beginning of the battle occurs on the branches. Having inflated their throat bag and squeezed it from the sides, the males slowly begin to circle in a circle, becoming sideways to each other. And then they abruptly break away and cling to each other. And then head over heels to the ground. Here, the scenario is already developing in two ways: either they scatter to the sides and the fight ends, or the battle continues, as a result of which one of the males may be expected to die.
Females also have their own territory, but they do not guard it like males do. Or rather, they don’t follow her at all.
Very often in such fights, males lose their tails. Of course, they then grow back, but become no longer the same as before. Therefore, in nature, most of these lizards have damaged tails.
California anoles do not hibernate in the winter. They gather in groups in warm shelters and "winter" there. At this time, all metabolic processes slow down, and they calmly wait for spring.
Their diet includes small spiders, insects and their larvae. They also eat pollen, juice and pulp from overripe fruits.
The breeding season of the red-necked anis falls on March-September. Males arrange a mating dance for females. He inflates his throat sac and begins to circle around the female. If the female is ready for mating, then she sits and waits until the male approaches her. If not ready, then she runs away. Males can mate with several females.
After that, after some time, the female descends to the ground, where she digs a shallow hole in which she lays 1-2 eggs. From above, she covers them with earth. After 6-7 weeks, small lizards hatch, which, as soon as they get out of the nest, immediately climb trees. At first, they stay together away from adults.
Adroitly climbing vertical surfaces, including smooth ones, they are helped by special sticky scales on the fingers.